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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 2-2020

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00 
ONTOLOGY AND EPISTEMOLOGY
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ANTI-PEDAGOGY IN THE MIRROR OF PHILOSOPHICAL REFLECTION

Sukhanova Natalia P.                                            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-9-14

Abstract. 

Technologization and digitalization have an impact on public life and culture in general, culture is becoming mainstream. The inevitability of the onset of the postmodern epoch with its basic principles, including pluralism, relativism, mosaicism and heterogeneity, is considered. Postmodern philosophy represents the world as a  ultitude of fragments, stable links between which are not observed. The influence of postmodernist principles on pedagogy and the formation of anti-pedagogy is analyzed. The concept of antipedagogy in a radical form rejects the value and significance of upbringing and education. Attention is focused on the critical attitude of anti-pedagogy not only to educatory and pedagogic methods, but also to the consumer society. The technocratic approach is being criticized, the trainee must have a correct idea  of a democratic society, and teachers must be broad-minded people who can step beyond the bounds of the subject being taught. The implementation of postmodernist principles leads to an increase and saturation of the educational environment, to the alignment of the subject-subject interaction of the teacher and student. It is concluded that particular ideas of anti-pedagogy organically exist in the modern education system, but the idea of anti-pedagogical theorists seems to be utopian that a reliable and sure way of changing the educational system is the destruction of this system.

Keywords:

education, pedagogy, antipedagogy, philosophy, postmodernism.

P. 9-14

 

 

HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY

 

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POETIC METAPHYSIC OF M. LERMONTOV

Pugachev Oleg S.                                                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-15-21

Abstract. 

The article represents the experience on identifying poetic metaphysics in the work of M. Lermontov’s. In this regard, it contains an estimated characteristic of the great poet’s heritage in its ethical and pedagogical significance. In terms of the priority grounds for such an analysis the ideas, stated by Vl. Soloviev in his literary-critical articles, are presented. The analysis of Lermontov’s works “Dream”, “Demon”, “Duma” and others in the aspect of the clash of two worlds, nonexistential in relation to each other, is carried out. The article emphasizes the timeliness and modernity of M. Lermontov’s oeuvre.

Keywords:

metaphysic, ethics, imagination, other worlds, demon, 205th anniversary of M. Lermontov.

P. 15-21

        

PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 

 

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ECOLOGICAL PHILOSOPHY: MODERN APPROACHES AND ISSUES

Gorokhov Sergey A.                                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-22-29

Abstract.

The article considers ecophilosophy as a new branch of philosophy, formed at the intersection of such Sciences as biology, genetics, sociology, ecology, etc. Different approaches of identifying the essential characteristics of the interaction of man and nature are analyzed. Particular attention is paid to the ideological approach when studying this problem. As the main conclusion, the author substantiates the thesis about the need to abandon the use of discrete approaches in the study of the interaction of society and the world around; a new paradigm of modern society development.

Keywords:

philosophy, ecology, ecophilosophy, biosphere, ecological worldview, interdisciplinary approach, coevolutionary approach.

P. 22-23

 

  

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00
SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY 

 

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PROSOCIAL BEHAVIOR OF HOMELESS WOMEN

Shvetsova Maya N., Lazarenko Karina A.        DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-30-37

Abstract.

The article analyzes the results of the study of prosocial behavior of middle-aged women without a certain place of residence. The authors conclude that homeless women have a prosocial behavior; their altruism and empathy are higher than those of women who have a home. The most used strategies of prosocial behavior in homeless people are the compliant and altruistic type, and in women who have a home, the compliant  and emotional type. The statistical analysis revealed the correlation between altruism and empathy, and also showed the difference between the two categories of women participating in the study.

Keywords:

prosocial behavior, empathy, altruism, homeless women.

P. 30-37

 

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
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USING LEARNING STYLES IN EPP ACCORDING TO PSYCHOLOGICAL TYPES OF LEARNERS

Drobysheva Natalia N.                                         DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-38-46

Abstract.

The article concerns the use of learning styles in professionally oriented foreign language training, depending on the characteristics connected with the perception of educational information by students (visual, auditory, kinesthetic, etc.). Based on the analysis of psychological and pedagogical literature and empirical data, it is proposed to use the project methods in teaching a foreign language with senior students of non-linguistic universities, taking into account learning styles both in group and individual student work. The purpose of the article is to show one of the teaching techniques that can solve several problems: the development of foreign-language communicative competencies, information and technical skills, presentation skills and team  building. In addition, practical recommendations on the use of learning styles in the process of mastering a language for professional purposes (LPP) at a non-linguistic university can facilitate in creating the conditions for forming, development and improvement of the system involving stylistic characteristics of students’ intellectual behavior, which will ultimately affect the results of their educational activities.

Keywords:

learning styles, psychological type of trainees, project methodology, foreign language training, students of a non-linguistic university.

P. 38-46

 

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THE STUDY ON FAMILY MICROCULTURE

Gorelkina Maria A.                                                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-47-53

Abstract.

In this article, the family, and its microculture, is considered as a translator of norms, rules of behavior, family life, under the influence of which a person obtains a system of relations to their own life, to society, to the universe, in other words, life-meaning human values. The main attention is paid to the structure of the microculture. The main blocks that make up the microculture are highlighted. The author’s proprietary questionnaire for the study of family microculture is developed.

Keywords:

family microculture, a family’s way of life, structure of a family’s life, proprietary questionnaire, family traditions.

P. 47-53

 

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PECULIARITIES OF MANAGEMENT OF COGNITIVE BARRIERS IN EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY OF STUDENTS WITH FIELD-INDEPENDENT AND FIELD-DEPENDENT STYLES 

Ngo Thi Nga (Republic of Vietnam)                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-54-65

Abstract.

The survey is dedicated to the identification of cognitive barriers in educational and professional activities among students with field-dependent and fieldindependent styles of cognitive activity. For these purposes, we used the principle of taxonomy proposed by B. Bloom (“the taxonomy of the levels of knowledge of Benjamin Blum”), as well as the “Gottschaldt figures” technique. The results show that the cognitive style is a factor influencing the level of cognitive difficulties.

Keywords:

cognitive barrier, cognitive activity, cognitive style, educational activity, fielddependent style, field-independent style.

P. 54-65

 

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00
75TH CELEBRATION OF THE GREAT VICTORY
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NAZISM, FASCISM, NATIONALISM: ANALYTICAL APPROACH TO CONCEPTUAL HISTORICAL CATEGORIES IN THE STUDY OF HUMANITARIAN DISCIPLINE 

Hutin Anatoly F., Bryantseva Marina V.               DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-66-76

Abstract.

The article discusses some  theoretical aspects of the social policy of the state, conceptual categories from the perspective of teaching humanitarian historical disciplines at the university, shows the negativity of Nazism, fascism and nationalism as unacceptable socio-political phenomena for the development of a civilized society, social structure, which is relevant not only in a cognitive sense, from the point of view of the analytics of the problem, which is extremely important, but necessary in order to form a historical and genetic memory of the people, a correct assessment of the events of the historical past and present, analysis
and forecasting of the near future in terms of preventing social and political conflicts in society, as well as with the aim of increasing the general level of training of highly qualified personnel in the direction “Pedagogical Education”.

Keywords:

social policy of the state, history, Nazism, nationalism, fascism, teaching of humanities.

P. 66-76

 

 

MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

  

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FEATURES OF INTERDISCIPLINARY INTERACTION OF GENERAL EDUCATIONAL DISCIPLINES THROUGH THE PRISM OF MONITORING IN RUSSIA AND FRANCE 

Korosteleva Alina A., Romanova Marina Yu.       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-77-85

Abstract.

The article reveals the peculiarities of the education system’s monitoring as a standardized observation; provides the data on the results of the questionnaire survey of high school students, allowing to determine which form of knowledge control they prefer. The authors explore the features of interdisciplinary interaction of general education subjects in the Russian and French systems of education in order to identify possibilities to influence the individualization of the education system as a whole.

Keywords:

individualization, integration, interdisciplinary interaction, interdisciplinarity, monitoring, social studies, economics.

P. 77-85

  

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FEATURES OF REALIZATION OF THE CONCEPT OF EDUCATIONAL WORK IN SCHOOLS FOR CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES IN MOSCOW REGION

Gomzyakova Natalia Yu.                                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-86-92

Abstract.

The article deals with the analysis of the concept of educational work with children with disabilities. The article discusses approaches to developing the components of this concept taking into account the specifics of Moscow region. The article views the peculiarities of the organization of such areas of the educational work as cognitive information, historical and Patriotic, local history, labor, aesthetic, moral, sports, environmental education, as well as the
network interaction of establishments of different levels in order to implement the tasks of educational work with children in Moscow region.

Keywords:

educational work, children with health limitations, special education in Moscow region, the educational work concept.

P. 86-92

 

THEORY OF EDUCATION
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THREE FOUNDATIONS OF SELF-ORGANIZATION OR MONTESSORI IN THE POSTNONCLASSICAL AGE 

Modekin Alexander A., Prokofyeva Elena N.     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-93-102

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the study of self-organization in the Montessori Elementary school. The topic of self-organization was previously discussed within different areas of science by P.Kropotkin, H. Haken, E. Sheval and others. M. Montessori described conditions required for the big groups of children to study independently and productively. These conditions can be discussed through the lens of the modern science. The article  contains three groups of the self-organization foundations in the Elementary school: philosophical, psychological and pedagogical. The philosophical foundations are the elements of the self-organizing system, which are the following: an open system, a big amount of the elements and the energy coming to the system from the outside. Psychological foundations are the executive functions development, self-determination and flow. Pedagogical foundations of the self-organization are the key elements of the Montessori Method: a prepared environment, observation by the teacher and mixed age classroom. The theoretical analysis shows that a Montessori Elementary school creates all conditions for self-organized system in any classroom.

Keywords:

self-organization, Montessori, elementary school, synergetics, executive functions, flow, self-determination, prepared environment, educational environment, observation method, mixed age classroom.

P. 93-102

  

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

 

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KEY VALUES OF DOMESTIC EDUCATION IN K. D. USHINSKY’S WORKS

Konstantinova Natalia D.                                  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-103-107

Abstract.

The article is a content analysis of the main works of the prominent Russian teacher and public figure Konstantin Dmitrievich Ushinsky in order to determine the fundamental values that he transmitted to the domestic education system.

Keywords:

domestic education, upbringing, teacher training, K. D. Ushinsky, values, labor, pedagogical anthropology.

P. 103-107

 

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MODEL AND STRUCTURE OF THE CONTENT OF EDUCATION IN F. A. KHARTAKHAY’S CLASSICAL SECONDARY SCHOOLS

Mikhaylova Dzhuletta V.                                 DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-108-117

Abstract.

The article presents the analysis of the content of education in the early classical secondary schools in Mariupol, founded by the teacher and educator Feoktist Khartakhay. Normative documents on education, curricula and methods of teaching certain subjects in Alexandrovsky and Mariinsky classical secondary schools were studied. The question is investigated in the context of the reform of public education in the Russian Empire in the second half of the XIX century.

Keywords:

Mariupol Alexandrovsky classical secondary school, Mariupol Mariinsky classical secondary school, Feoktist Khartakhay, Charter of 1871, public education.

P. 108-117

 

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TEACHING OF THE LAW OF GOD IN THE ZEMSTVO PRIMARY SCHOOLS
IN GZHEL FOLK CRAFT IN THE 1880s

Nikonov Vadim V., Sidorov Ivan V.                  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-118-126

Abstract.

The article presents the analysis of the content of education in the early classical secondary schools in Mariupol, founded by the teacher and educator Feoktist Khartakhay. Normative documents on education, curricula and methods of teaching certain subjects in Alexandrovsky and Mariinsky classical secondary schools were studied. The question is investigated in the context of the reform of public education in the Russian Empire in the second half of the XIX century.

Keywords:

Mariupol Alexandrovsky classical secondary school, Mariupol Mariinsky classical secondary school, Feoktist Khartakhay, Charter of 1871, public education.

P. 118-126

 

  

 

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION

 

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AESTHETIC EDUCATION OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN IN THE NEW SOCIO-CULTURAL CONDITIONS

Komarova Tamara S., Moskvina Anna S.         DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-127-134

Abstract.

In this article, the researchers draw the attention of the professional pedagogical community in the field of preschool education to the new meaning of the aesthetic education of preschool children in the sociocultural situation of the 21st century. The tasks of the education system as a social institution of society are revealed. The history of the concept of sustainable development as applied to the theory and practice of preschool education is presented briefly. The role of aesthetic education in the holistic development of the personality of a child of preschool age is defined. The analysis of the Federal state educational standard of preschool education in terms of the aesthetic education of preschool children is presented. The mission of an integrated approach in the aestheticization of preschool childhood is formed. The methods and scientific and pedagogical conditions of the aesthetic education of children of preschool age in a new socio-cultural reality are reflected.

Keywords:

aesthetic education, preschool children, new socio-cultural reality, sustainable development, conditions.

P. 127-134

 

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DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENT’S RESEARCH ACTIVITY IN THE FIELD OF MUSIC
AND CULTURE STUDY

Ovchinnikova Julia S.                                      DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-135-145 

Abstract.

The author concludes her 12 years’ experience of pedagogical support of research activity of university students (within a special course in Moscow State University (2007–2019)) and of high school students from Russia (during expeditions to Bashkiria, Khakassia and Altai (2012–2019)) and other countries (at XI International Research School in Yakutia (2018)). Through the case histories from practice the following aspects are examined: the specificity of culture study approach to traditional music of different peoples, thematic variety of regarded problematics, main steps of support of student’s research activity. In a teacher’s methodological accompaniment of students’ research work the following key elements are regarded: motivating students for research; creating conditions for discovering self-important meanings of music study; transformation of their cognition interests and hobbies into a research object; teacher’s independent study and problematization of research topic chosen by students; co-opperative development of the research algorithm; assistance in choosing methods for collecting and analyzing the material; orientation in work with theoretical sources after the student’s self-experience of an independent research activity; assistance in work with text of their research; correcting the work while a presentation preparation; psychological support of students on different stages of their research activity.  Theoretical understanding of individual and group research work (also in a multinational audience) is also developed.

Keywords:

development of research activity, music and culture studies, subject-activity approach in education, research model of education, culture study education, musical education.

P. 135-145

   

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MOST COMMON MISTAKES CHINESE STUDENTS MAKE WHILE LEARNING RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

Sokolova Galina E.                                            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-146-154

Abstact.

This article analyzes the various types of mistakes that Chinese students who come to study to Russia make. Since the improvement of the students’ speech culture and literacy is one of the main challenges that a teacher of Russian as a foreign language faces, it is necessary to carefully differentiate, distinguish and combat all possible sorts and kinds of errors Chinese students make while studying. Unfortunately, most students’ language competence is too low for a fullfledged academic activity. They find it difficult to communicate in the Russian language, to work with the educational material, to write,  listen to, perceive, and then to reproduce the lecture material. The Chinese language is fundamentally different from the Russian language, for example, Chinese nouns are not marked for gender, number, or case. And when learning Russian, students face rules and language norms, which they find very difficult not only to understand, but also to apply in practice. Observations and years of experience of teaching Chinese students prove that the mistakes, they make in the process of learning Russian, are quite similar. Therefore, the article attempts to consider, analyze and organize possible cases of violation of all language norms of the Russian language.

Keywords: 

language norms, speech culture, literacy, speech etiquette, linguistic errors, psychological errors, national mentality.

P. 146-154

  

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TRAINING OF LIBRARY AND INFORMATION PERSONNEL FOR THE SERVICE OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES: CURRENT STATUS AND DEVELOPMENT TRENDS

Bakhtina Elena V., Tretyakov Andrei L.           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-155-163

Abstact.

Abstract. This article raises one of the urgent issues of the modern international social sphere – creating a comfortable environment for people with disabilities. The international and domestic legal framework for the regulation of the life of persons with  disabilities is reflected. The organization of receiving cultural and educational services by people with disabilities is highlighted. Researchers focus on the need to train highly qualified professionals for library and information services to deal with people with disabilities. The organizational and pedagogical foundations of the innovative academic discipline “Dealing with Library Users with Special Needs“ developed by E. V. Bakhtina, are described and disclosed. Prospects for the development of the phenomenon under study in the context of the social development are indicated.

Keywords: 

people with disabilities, library and information personnel, legal framework, proprietary academic discipline, development vectors.

P. 155-163

 

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EVALUATION OF PRACTICAL ABILITIES AND SKILLS OF UNDERGRADUATES IN THE FIELD OF EMERGENCY RESCUE AND FIRE FIGHTING

Bulgakov Vladislav V.                                       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-164-173

Abstact.

The technique of developing and assessing practical abilities and skills of cadets in the field of carrying out rescue works and fire extinguishing realized in the form of the practical fire test is described. The methodology of the practical fire test has a significant potential for motivating students to master practical skills, including through its use admission to the term exams and the Final state exam. Approbation of the practical fire test at the final year showed the need for its systematic application throughout the period of training of cadets in the Academy.

Keywords: 

practical skills, rescue operations, firefighting, graduates.

P. 164-173

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION
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DEVELOPING THE INFORMATION LITERACY OF SCHOOL STUDENTS WITH THE USE OF THE TECHNOLOGY OF BLENDED LEARNING IN BIOLOGY CLASSES 

Perelovich Natalia V., Smirnova Tatyana A., 

Godin Vladimir N., Chizhenkova Elizaveta O.  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-174-182

Abstract.

The article considers the ways of organizing lessons with the use of the technology of blended learning. Methods, forms and instruments needed for holding different classes with the 9th grade schoolchildren which ensure the development of information literacy of students within the framework of this technology are included. Lessons held according to the blended learning
technology are described: “inverted class”, “laboratory rotation”, “station rotation”, “flexible model”. The advantages of each form of the lesson concerning the goal achievement are highlighted – the development of information literacy of students. Conclusions are confirmed by the experiment carried out.

Keywords:

“Digital School”, technology of blended learning, information literacy. 

P. 174-182

 

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DESIGN AND TECHNOLOGY IMPLEMENTATION OF EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS OF HIGHLY QUALIFIED PERSONNEL AT THE UNIVERSITY

Afanasyev Ilya V.                                            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-183-191

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the analysis of approaches to the design and implementation of postgraduate educational programs, which should, firstly, be competitive in the market of educational services, secondly, contribute to the development of the qualities of a researcher that the postgraduates need, and finally, imply a value component in relation to society and the students themselves. The level organization of the educational process in post-graduate school is presented, the conditions are formulated that must be satisfied by the basic
clusters of educational programs. The features  of integration of systemic and scenario approaches in the training of highly qualified personnel are considered. By way of example, a program of organizing independent work of students in the post-graduate school, its structure and content are presented.

Keywords: 

highly qualified personnel, highly qualified personnel training program, hierarchical continuum, system and scenario approaches.

P. 183-191

 

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ON THE COMMUNICATIVE SELF-EFFICACY OF STUDENTS IN THE CONTEXT
OF THEIR PROFESSIONAL TRAINING FOR MULTICHANNEL COMMUNICATION

Ignatova Valentina V., Pasechkina Tatyana N. 

                                                                       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-192-200

Abstract.

The article draws attention to the relevant for higher education issue of forming students’ meta-qualities, or soft skills, including communicative self-efficacy. The authors present a view on the process of development of future specialists’ communicative self-efficacy, based on an analysis of the structure of this phenomenon. The main attention is paid to the characteristics of the criteria, indicators and levels of formation of communicative self-efficacy.

Keywords: 

communicative self-efficacy, forming communicative self-efficacy, criteria and levels of communicative selfefficacy, communication, multichannel communication.

P. 192-200

 

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THE VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENT OF MANAGING THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS

Vasilieva Natalia V., Grigoriev-Golubev Vladimir V., Evgrafova Irina V.  

                                                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-201-214

Abstract.

The article deals with the methodology of management of independent work of students in the blended learning framework  based on a virtual educational environment, which is a component of the electronic information and educational environment of the University. Particular attention is paid to the requirements for interactive software products that form the basis virtual of the learning environment: the requirements of convenience, accessibility, didactic efficiency, and tools for their development.

Keywords:

blended learning, virtual learning environment, e-learning course, educational process management, test control.

P. 201-214

 

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COACHING IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE TRAINING OF SOCIAL SCIENCES STUDENTS AS A FACILITATOR OF THEIR PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT

Azarova Ofeliia A.                                      DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-215-221

Abstract. 

The coaching model of training in the field of Arts is an element of the psychological support in a pedagogical activity. Such a support is primarily aimed at creating personal and value guidelines, evolving students’ potential in the field of self-determination and self-development, including, while studying a foreign language, in the content, goals and objectives such components as psychological assistance to students in solving their educational and daily problems, overcoming barriers and demotivators for learning a non-native language. The coaching model allows to teach more effectively and develop students’ ability to study on their own and think critically, to find a way out in difficulties or dangerous life situations. The specifics of the activity oblige a coach to plan classes in a life-affirming manner, to introduce innovations competently and warily, to resist stereotyping, to mitigate negative feelings, self-doubt. At the end of the article, a number of psychological and pedagogical conditions are proposed for putting into practice the coaching model of foreign language training.

Keywords:

coaching model, foreign language training, university students, coach, personal and professional development.

P. 215-221

   

YOUNG SCIENTISTS’ VISION
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FOREIGN LANGUAGE PHONOLOGICAL ABILITY OF A PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENT AS AN OBJECT OF ACQUISITION IN PRIMARY FOREIGN LANGUAGE EDUCATION

Romanovskaya Ekaterina I.                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-222-226

Abstract. 

The article deals with the foreign language phonological ability as a methodological phenomenon in teaching a foreign language in primary school age. The concepts of «phonemic hearing», «phonetic hearing», «phonological ability» are analyzed. The article describes the
structural components of a foreign language phonological ability and its importance for developing foreign language speech abilities in primary school children.

Keywords:

phonetics, phonology, ability, primary foreign language education, second language mastering.

P. 222-226