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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 2-2017

CONTENTS

 

 

 

 Philosophic Sciences 09.00.00
History of philosophy
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CONFLICT AS A MECHANISM FOR THE DYNAMICS OF CULTURE IN GEORG SIMMEL’S CULTURAL PHILPSOPHY

Tarasov Alexei N.


Abstract.  

The article attempts to analyze the cultural and philosophical legacy of Georg Simmel’s in terms of analyzing the dynamics of the cultural processes. It is shown that in highlighting its two types of the cultural philosophy – objective and subjective – Simmel comes to the conclusion that the development of the European culture in XIX–XX centuries is not just a crisis, but a stage of transformation, a transition processes in it. A way out to the frontiers of the human culture orientation, according to Georg Simmel, is a conflict representing a constructive step in the sociocultural dynamics.

Keywords: 

G. Simmel, culture dynamics, conflict, social and cultural transformation.

P. 9-13

 

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METHODOLOGY OF THE MODERN SCIENCE EDUCATION AND EPISTEMOLOGICAL ANARCHISM OF PAUL FEYERABEND

Backsansky Oleg E., Emelin Ilya A.


Abstract. 

The modern scientific view of the world undergoes cardinal changes that press hard for reconsidering the existing worldview and, first of all, its social and humanitarian component. In this regard it is interesting to look again at P. Feyerabend’s methodological heritage which gives a fresh  perspective on modern problems of the scientific knowledge.

Keywords: 

knowledge methodology, epistemological anarchism, convergent approach, modern cognitive technologies of knowledge.

P. 14-21 

 

Educational philosophy
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SUBJECTS OF DECISION-MAKING IN THE CONTEMPORARY EDUCATIONAL PROCESS

Sorina Galina V.

Abstract. 

It is stated in the paper that the educational system can be considered as an institution which enables to establish stability in the relationship between an individual and the society. Such system of stability, in its turn, appears to be dependent on those organizational forms and levels of decisionmaking which determine the directions of the development of education. Thus, the article sets the goal to identify the specifics of the subjects involved in the educational process and the decision-making process. Three groups of such subjects are analyzed in the paper: subjects of the individual decision-making in the educational system (those who are studying); subjects forming an enquiry to the educational system or certain educational institution for new knowledge and competences (state and business) and subjects related to the organizational processes in the educational system (faculty and administration of the higher education institutions). The distinction between the individual and collective subjects of decision-making is made in the article. Finally, the activity of the stakeholders who influence decision-making processes in all three groups of subjects of the educational process is analyzed in the paper.

Keywords: 

decision, decision-making, subjects of the educational process, state, business, lifelong learning, communication, effective communication.

P. 22-29

 

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00 
Educational Psychology
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PROBLEM OF PROFESSIONAL SELF-CONCEPT FORMATION IN ADOLESCENCE

Mirashirova Nargiza A.

Abstract. 

The article is devoted to disclosing an actual problem, that of formation of a youth identity. Professional self-determination and formation of self-concept in the youthful age are characterized. The decision-making strategy in choosing a career-path is highlighted as an important stage in the development of a person.

Keywords: 

Self-concept, personality, adolescence age, professional selfdetermination, persons of the same age, alternatives.

P. 30-34

 

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PSYCHOLOGICAL SUPPORT OF CORPORATE TRAINING OF THE ORGANIZATION PERSONNEL

Golubeva Olga V., Lebedeva Tatiana E.

Abstract. 

Corporate adult education currently stands as one of the most relevant theoretical and practical problems. This is due to the fact that the education and development of personnel in the organization has the effect that is of almost adequate to the training time. The article analyzes the results of the testing of psychological support corporate training of the company personnel. Psychological support of the personnel is an advisory area. It is carried out within the personnel management system  of the enterprise (organization) and is aimed at creating social and psychological conditions for successful professional and personal growth of an employee in situations of the personnel interaction.

Keywords: 

psychological support, corporate training, staff, training, support program.

P. 35-44 

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00
Modernization of education

 

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DEVELOPMENT OF THE COMPETITIVE SYSTEM OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN RUSSIA: THE PROBLEM FACTORS ANALYSIS

Boguslavsky Michail V., Neborskiy Egor V.

Abstract. 

The creation of a competitive system of higher education requires strategic decisions in management. The article proposes to discuss six key points that require an adjustment in the implementation of the “new public management” concept in the system of higher education in Russia. University ranking system, university administration, university funding, educational product and quality  assessment system, scientific component, internationalization of leading universities are among them.

Keywords: 

higher education, universities, competitiveness, concept of “new public management”, modernization.

P. 45-56

 

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METHODOLOGICAL SUPPORT OF SCHOOL COURSES ON ART IN DEVELOPMENT OF STANDARDS AND LEARNING TOOLS THROUGH EXPERIENCE

Aliyev Julii B.

Abstract. 

The author analyses the methodological problem of ensuring school courses on art with a view to develop the learning tools and artistic activity through experience.

Keywords: 

school courses on art, methodological support, the development of norms and means of learning, learning through experience.

P. 57-61 

 

History of Pedagogy and Education
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ARCHIVAL DOCUMENTATION OF EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS AS A SUBJECT OF HISTORICAL PEDAGOGIC RESEARCH INTO PEDAGOGIC THOUGHT IN PRE-REVOLUTIONARY RUSSIA

Goncharov Mikhail A.

Abstract. 

It is impossible to understand the contemporary state of pedagogical science ithout knowing the principles of its formation through the centuries, diving into its history, comparing different viewpoints on the goals and means of up-bringing and education, or analysis of the efforts undertaken in different periods of development of the education sector. The study of educational (school) documentation allows one to learn the objective laws of the education development, to define principles that guided the officials of ministries and departments who put them into practice during a particular period. Knowledge of academic (archival) documentation is an important condition for a successful selection of subjects of historicalpedagogical research. It precedes the next stage: the search for historical sources we need to solve research problems.

Keywords: 

document management, records management, report, instructions, statements, articles of Association, characteristics, (examination) records.

P. 62-72

 

New Research in Education
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MUSEUM EDUCATION IN THE CONTEXT OF HUMANITARIAN CULTURE AND EDUCATION

Ametova Lidia A.

Abstract. 

A museum is a social institution presenting the interdisciplinary education that integrates different area of expertise, such as Museum studies, psychology, pedagogicы, and art. The use of a Museum in the educational process is currently being considered as a new psychological-pedagogical technology for an effective development of a personality by means of art. The Museum education becomes an area of a scientific and practical research. The increasing role of a Museum in the modern society has defined the task of the professional training of Museum educators.

Keywords: 

humanitarian culture, education, museum, research, museum pedagogy, sociocultural values, the museum workshop.

P. 73-77

 

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THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE BASICS OF RESEARCH COMPETENCE OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

Moldazhanova Asemgul’ A., Niyazova Guliyash B., Kopishev Eldar E.

Abstract. 

Categories that characterize the research activity are analyzed in the article. Research activity is regarded as a condition for the development of the basics of research competence of elementary school students. The essence of the basics of research competence  of elementary school students, which includes motivational and axiological, cognitive, procedural and evaluative components, are disclosed.

Keywords: 

research activity, the basics of research competence of elementary school students, the research competence.

P. 78-93

 

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FORMING SOCIOCULTURAL AND SOCIOLINGUISTIC COMPETENCE WHILE TEACHING THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE TO ARAB STUDENTS

Sheypak Svetlana A.

Abstract. 

The purpose of the paper is to describe the problems in teaching Russian to Arab high school students in Jordan with the focus to prepare them for entering a Russian University. It is shown what problems in the learning process are brought about by the sociocultural and sociolinguistic academic content of the Russian course that is not adapted to the Arab culture. Cultural background analysis of the given problems allows to conclude what particular aspects of the Arab communication must be considered while establishing the sociocultural and sociolinguistic contents of the Russian coure for Arab students. In conclusion the paper provides recommendations for forming sociocultural and sociolinguistic competence as  well as organizing an effective communication while teaching the Arab students.

Keywords: 

the Arabic language, the Russian language, sociocultural/sociolinguistic competence.

P. 94-103 

 

Innovative Technologies in Education
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THE APPLICATION OF INNOVATIONAL EXPERIENCE IN TEACHING (THEORETICAL-COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS)

Abdurakhmanova Mashkura A.

Abstract. 

In this article the results of a comparative analysis of the application of innovation into the pedagogical activity are adduced. The author, studying foreign experience, has systematized scientific concepts for the application of innovative technologies in teaching.

Keywords: 

innovation, educational innovation, innovations in curriculum, pedagogical nnovation, pedagogical novelty, typologies of innovation.

P. 104-110

 

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LEARNING TASK AS A MEANS OF INDEPENDENT LEARNING ACTIVITIES FORMATION

Uman Arkady I., Fedorova Marina A.

Abstract.  

The article considers peculiarities of forming independent learning activity in the context of the task approach to learning. The facilities of the learning task in determining the didactic and reflexive potentials of students’ educational independent work are revealed. The classification of learning tasks as the basis of selecting the contents of independent learning activities is presented; the logic of fulfilling learning tasks in the reflective context is described.

Keywords: 

task approach, independent learning activity, learning task, reflexive activity.

P. 111-117

  

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MENTAL CARD IN THE LEARNING PROCESS: THE ROLE AND BASIS OF DEVELOPMENT

Dronova Ekaterina N.

Abstract. 

The article substantiates the importance of using mental maps in the learning process. The essence of mental maps as an effective way of visual representation of thoughts is revealed. Areas of mental maps usage in the learning process are described. The recommendations for creating mental maps are presented. The technology of their development in the web service MindMeister is described.

Keywords: 

learning process, mental maps, thinking, training, development, web service MindMeister.

P. 118-124

 

Young Scientists Vision
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EDUCATION REFORMS IN RUSSIA IN 1900–1905

Tyumentseva Julia A.

Abstract. 

The article discusses the innovations in the Russian education in 1900–1905, the reasons for their introduction, public assessment of the quality of education.

Keywords:

the state educational policy in Russia in 1900–1905, physical education, primary education, village schools, heart care, moral education, ancient languages.

P. 125-130