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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 5-2018

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophic Sciences 09.00.00 

 

History of philosophy

 

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THE PHILOSOPHY OF M. BAKHTIN: BETWEEN THE PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION AND RELIGIOUS PHILOSOPHY 

Koraev German T.

Abstract.

The article discusses the question on the religious component of Bakhtin’s philosophy. The author proposes two criteria for determining the religious component: the category of transcendence and the theistic attitude. The article focuses on Bakhtin’s philosophical works “Toward a Philosophy of the Act”, “Author and Hero in Aesthetic Activity” and the report “The Problem of Grounded Peace”. The author analyzes such Bakhtin’s concept as transgredience and Grounded Peace. It is concluded that it’s difficult to determine the status of Bakhtin philosophy, which is between the philosophy of religion and religious philosophy.

Keywords:

philosophy of religion, religious philosophy, Bakhtin’s first philosophy, phenomenological approach, transgredience, theistic attitude.

P. 9-21

  

Logic

 

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LOGICAL CULTURE PHENOMENON – PROBLEM FIELD OF INTER- AND TRANSDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH

Sirotkina Lyudmila S.

Abstract.

The article discusses the research state of logical cultural phenomenon, it considers the approaches to its analysis; the concepts of logical culture as a cultural phenomenon and as a characteristic of thinking are constructed in it, the structure of the corresponding objects is revealed. Logical culture as a cultural phenomenon is considered as a totality of social achievements in the logical field. Logical culture of thinking is characterized as a thinking system attribute, which ensures thinking direction to normative logic results.

Keywords:

logical culture as a cultural phenomenon, logical culture of thinking and speech, the structure of logical culture.

P. 22-36

    

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00
Educational psychology

 

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THE “SYSTEM CHOICE” PROGRAM AS AN INSTRUMENT FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL SELF-DETERMINATION IN ADOLESCENCE AND EARLY ADOLESCENCE

Grishina Irina A., Zhabbarov Timur R., Obukhov Alexey S.

Abstract.

This article is devoted to the description of a set of ideas aimed at developing personal and professional selfdetermination and the skill of conscious choice in adolescence and early adolescence, united in the “System Choice” program of Smart Course’s. The article presents the scientific positions, which became the basis for the creation of the program, and the use of certain practices in it; a detailed description of the program, the logic of its construction and conduct, including the description of the interaction with the client before joining the program and the conditions of entry, the principles of selecting a mentor and describing the mentoring model in the program as a whole; the content of the training and each week of training with a mentor, as well as the features of counselling and parents’ follow-up throughout the program.

Keywords:

personal-professional selfdetermination, conscious choice, the “System Choice” program, mentoring.

P. 37-50

 

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REPRESENTATIONS OF MOSCOW TEACHERS ABOUT THE EMOTIONAL COMPONENT OF THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS: A NEW RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Orlova Kristina M.

Abstract.

The study of the influence of emotions on motivation and academic performance in the learning process are extremely relevant. The data on how a modern teacher sees their role in managing the emotional states of pupils are obtained using the author’s methodology. The relationship between the views of Moscow teachers regarding the influence of emotions on the motivation of pupils and the ideas about the role of the teacher in managing the emotional states of pupils is revealed. The profiles-types of teachers are described in accordance with the self-esteem of the teacher’s ability to recognize the different emotional states of pupils and the teacher’s own emotional openness.

Keywords:

emotions, teacher’s representations, teacher’s role, motivation for learning, ability to recognize emotional states, school education, emotional openness.

P. 51-60

    

Psychology of development, acmeology

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AGE PSYCHOLOGY OF DEVELOPMENT OF CADETS OF EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS OF THE MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS OF RUSSIA

Ulyanina Olga A.

Abstract.

The article deals with the students as a social category. The psychological features of the age range of 17–23 years are described. The socio-psychological specifics of training future specialists in departmental educational organizations are determined. The following periods and phases of the age development of cadets and listeners are students out: 1st academic period (1–3 years), includes 3 phases and 2 periods of vocational (4–5 years of study), includes two phases. On the basis of the selected periods, the content of the age-psychological development, the crises in question, the conditions of the social development situation, the leading type of activity, and the new formations of the personality are described. Taking into account the characteristic features of this age in the intellectual, emotional-volitional, motivational spheres of the individual, the importance of the psychological and pedagogical influence on future specialists during the period of study in the educational organization of higher professional education is emphasized.

Keywords:

age psychology, student age, cadets, internal affairs bodies, vocational education, competences.

P. 61-72 

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 
Modernization of education

 

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MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION AND THE CHALLENGES OF THE DIGITAL ECONOMY IN THE XXI CENTURY

Popova Anna V.

Abstract.

The article provides the analysis of the present stage of social development, featuring the formation and development of the information society and the possibility of its transition to the knowledge society. It questions the choice of the path for Russia – either modelling after Western European countries and the USA, creating conditions for the development of the digital society, or the transition to the knowledge society. Basing on the analysis of both, Russian and foreign scientific literature, the article describes the characteristics of generations of people employed in the manufacturing sector. The author comes to the conclusion about the necessity of changing the content of education, based on the specifics of generations X and Z.

Keywords:

liberalism, information society, digital society, knowledge society, education, knowledge, competences.

P. 73-82

 

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TRANSIT AND TRANSITIVE UNIVERSITIES IN A TRANSITIVE SOCIETY: CLARIFYING AND INTERRELATING CONCEPTS

Boguslavskiy Mikhal V., etc.

Abstract.

The article deals with the concepts of the transit and transitive universities, which have both common and different characteristics. In the process of research, the authors come to the conclusion that the format of a transit university is a diagnosis for many regions, however the format of a transitive one is a global challenge to become a resource of innovation for one’s own development and, indeed, teamwork in the region, forming new practices and opportunities on qualitatively new mutually profitable partner bases.

Keywords:

university, higher education, transit university, transitive university, transitive society.

P. 83-98

 

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INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL AND DEMOGRAPHIC AND INTER SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT ON THE FUNCTIONAL LITERACY AND VALUE ORIENTATION OF SCHOOL GRADUATES

Matyushkina Marina D., Belousov Konstantin Y.

Abstract.

The role of social and demographic context, family capital and school in achieving various education results is topical and debatable today. At the same time, special importance amid the introduction of new federal state education standards goes to the issues related to meta-object competences and functional literacy as well as value orientations characterizing personal results of education. The article provides the integrative correlational research of these important results and conditions conducted on the uniform bulk of data and having allowed to draw generalized conclusions. Three generalized factors have been singled out and described: “easy success”, “professionalism” and “self-fulfillment in a family” characterizing the structure of values and goals of today’s graduates, as well as two factors characterizing their tolerance and patriotism. Seven groups of indices potentially connected to the revealed factors, including social and demographic ones, characteristics of schools and teachers, and “mixed” groups (health, leisure and others), have been defined. Reliable correlations between all the considered variables have been singled out, their rank correlation and possible explanation of the obtained values of correlation relationships has been adduced. The both value orientations and functional literacy of school students are considerably affected by the “inter school environment”, namely characteristics of interactions between teachers and students. Abilities of teachers to engage students into their classes, to teach how to apply knowledge in practice, and general atmosphere at school stimulating self-education and communication between students, supporting their psychological health, are the most important factors. The indices under research are connected to the social-demographic status of students’ families to a lesser degree. The role of the family factors is more significant when forming the value orientations, than the functional literacy of school students. 

Keywords:

school education, functional literacy, meta-subject and personal results of education, value orientations of school leavers, factor analysis.

P. 99-113 

  

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MAGNET SCHOOLS RATING PRACTICES

Yashina Mariya N.

Abstract.

This article analyzes various practices of applying federal and regional ratings to assess the quality of education in magnet / high-level schools. The difficulties that arise during the rating process are described. Based on the cluster model used for the educational process assessment, the types of schools that implement magnet / higher-level programs are characterized.

Keywords:

school rankings, magnet school, clustering.

P. 114-122

  

Theory of education

 

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METHODOLOGICAL CULTURE – A REFERENCE POINT FOR A TEACHER’S MULTILEVEL TRAINING AS A RESEARCHER

Stepanova Inga Yu., Adolf Vladimir A.

Abstract. 

Training a teacher as a researcher is a lengthy process that touches all levels of higher education. To ensure its integrity and effectiveness, it is necessary that the designated process acquires a strategic reference point. The authors offer to choose a methodological culture as such a reference point. The choice was made on the basis of the need to update education, create prerequisites of his getting out of the crisis state through an  organic combination of science and practice. On the basis of a reflexive analysis of their own experience in implementing multilevel training in an institution of higher education, an attempt is made to present the most significant and effective moments that contribute to the formation of a teacher in a methodological culture. The article shows how, due to the inclusion of the teacher in the process of scientific and pedagogical search, it is possible to prepare one as a researcher. The steps and conditions for mastering the methodology of the interdisciplinary research in the process of formulating and solving diverse tasks are proved.  

Keywords:

methodological culture, teacher, researcher, multilevel training, interdisciplinary research, scientific and pedagogical search, task.

P. 123-132

   

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THE EDUCATIONAL POTENTIAL OF THE SOCIOCULTURAL ENVIRONMENT IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN

Zatsepina Maria B., Efremenko Lyudmila V., Murzakova Olga G.

Abstract.

This article reflects the problem of conditions and quality of education of preschool children in the modern Russian system of education and upbringing. Researchers cite the requirements of parents of pupils and legal representatives of children to the level of education and the results achieved by children. The educational possibilities of the sociocultural environment and its components for the development of preschool children are considered. In addition, the requirements for the sociocultural environment are highlighted. The aspects of the influence of organizational and pedagogical conditions and the sociocultural environment on the speech and play activity of preschool children in the modern reality are studied.

Keywords:

federal state educational standard on preschool education, educational environment, socio-cultural environment, additional education, gaming, language development of children.

P. 133-140

History of pedagogy and education
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NKVD’S FIRST HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION OF THE LAW-ENFORCEMENT PROFILE: HISTORICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL ASPECT OF CREATING THE INSTITUTE FOR ADMINISTRATIVE DEVELOPMENT

Voloshin Denis V.

Abstract.

The present article for the first time in national historiography reveals organizational and pedagogical peculiarities of foundation of the Institute for administrative development in 1930. Problems which lead to this Institute foundation and its educational goals are analyzed. The author considers the idea, that the foundation of the Institute for administrative  development was actually the foundation of the first higher education institution in the national system of Home Affairs. The author pays special attention to considering the educational requirements on entering the Institute. Summering everything up, the author makes up the conclusion that the foundation of this Institute made up the basis for the further development of the educational net of the national law-enforcement agencies.

Keywords:

higher education, the Institute for administrative development, NKVD, professional training.

P. 141-149

 

New research in education
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THE ROLE OF READING IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF GIFTEDNESS IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBALIZATION AND NATIONAL IDENTITY

Shastina Elena M., etc.

Abstact.

The article explores the cultural potential of reading as a factor in the development of children’s giftedness. The role of the book as a culture-bearer in the process of preserving the ethnic identity is revealed. The authors draw attention to the increasing importance of family reading in the process of becoming a talented person. The questionnaire survey, conducted among respondents – University professors, living in a multiethnic environment in the territories of Armenia and the Republic of Tatarstan, reiterated the importance of the ethnic literature in the development of future teachers. The question of the correspondence between such phenomena as globalization and preservation of the national identity is viewed.

Keywords:

reading, cultural factors, nationalcultural identity, signs of giftedness.

P. 150-156

 

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MANAGEMENT ASPECT IN LIFE COMPETENCIES AS THE BASIS OF THE INTEGRATED PEDAGOGICAL PROCESS

Kolesov Vladimir I., Smolonskaya Anna N., Smolonskiy Sergey I.

Abstract.

In the article the key ideas of the managerial aspect in life competencies as the  basis for an integral pedagogical process on the example of artistic and aesthetic education are outlined. Features of the management model implementation in the educational organization are considered, features and aspects of the aesthetic development of children of younger ages are indicated.

Keywords:

life competencies, competencies, management in education, artistic and aesthetic education, values.

P. 157-161

 

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SCIENTIFIC IDEAS ABOUT THE CONTENT OF SCHOOL SCIENCE EDUCATION AS A KEY COMPONENT OF THE PEDAGOGICAL RESEARCH CONCEPT 

Levshina Svetlana V.

Abstract.

The article deals with the term “scientific ideas” as a component of the key concept of pedagogical research on the content of school science education. This term is often used in educational research papers and publications, but requires specification, since pedagogy has no definition. For this purpose, an appeal is made to philosophy, which considers representations in the context of the theory of cognition. In the course of discussions it is shown that it is necessary to characterize features of scientific representations as a subject of pedagogical research according to specifics of methodology of science of pedagogics. The features that allow to investigate the development of scientific ideas about the content of school science education are highlighted.

Keywords:

content of education, school science education, scientific ideas, pedagogical research, philosophy, research methodology.

P. 162-169

 

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ON THE CONTENT OF THE “COMBINED SCIENCES: SYNERGY” SCIENCE COURSE IN SECONDARY SCHOOL IN ENGLAND

Geddis Elena V.

Abstract.

Urgency of the subject of this article is conditioned by the Education Reform in England. Until recently, the Science has had the goal of creating fundamental scientific knowledge in students in individual subjects (in biology, chemistry, and physics). Today, however, it is aimed to create a holistic picture of the world, interconnection between the natural processes, animal and vegetal life. The changes that have taken place for the purposes of natural science education have led to changes in the content of the Science textbooks on Biology, Chemistry and Physics. If earlier the study of the science content had the subject differentiation, then today an attempt is made to integrate these disciplines in the content of textbooks. The purpose of this topic is to consider new directions in the study of Science, its content, criteria and methods, by means of the example of the “Combined Science: Synergy” textbook, which was included in the school curriculum in England in September 2016.

Keywords:

textbook content, combined science, science literacy, project, school in England.

P. 170-175

 

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THE ISSUE OF MOTIVATING STUDENTS, STUDYING ON A PAID BASIS, TO THE RESEARCH WORK

Kogan Evgenia A.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to analysis of peculiarities of motivation of students, studying on a paid basis, to research activities. The differences between educational and scientific-research work of students’ at a University are considered. Awareness of Moscow aviation institute (national research university) students about the various forms of students’ scientific-research work, the reasons for the reluctance to participate in activities, as well as the conditions under which they would be engaged in research work are identified. Recommendations for improving scientific research work at the University are given.

Keywords:

research work, teaching and research work, motivations in research activities, fee-based tuition, Bachelor’s program, Master’s program.

P. 176-184 

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DEVELOPING THE OPERATIONAL MINDSET OF STUDENTS’ IN THE PROCESS OF STUDYING THE CHINESE LANGUAGE

Orehova Ekaterina S.

Abstract.

The matter of teaching the Chinese language as a second foreign language from the point of modern education standards is considered in this article. One can find here the information about the hypothesis of the possible implementation of the second foreign language as a special educational environment which is appropriate for a full development of a student’s personality, the development of the operational mindset, in particular. On the current level of the Chinese language development as a school subject such fundamental concepts as “sign”, “model”, “algorithm”, and “system” might be its subject areas to look at explicitly. According to the offered model of studying, each of the mentioned general scientific notions are used as basic to understand and train the learning material on the certain level of studying Chinese. It helps to shape not only understanding of the subject being, learnt as  a special system, but also active including of the scientific language, wildly used in other school subjects, into the learning process. In its turn, the operational mindset, rising in the process of studying a certain subject, does not exist only in this very process; soon it covers all the activities of a student. It can be noticed in his personal and meta-subject skills. Thereby students get a skill to observe all subjects and phenomena of the environment as a system in their development and relationship.

Keywords:

the Chinese language, operational mindset, sign, model, algorithm, system, a meta-subjects skill.

P. 185-192

 

Innovative technologies in education
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DEVELOPMENT OF MODEL OF IMPROVEMENT OF PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF CADETS OF FEDERAL NATIONAL GUARD

Aleksandrova Ekaterina A., Kozlov Oleg A.

Abstract.

Wide introduction of information technologies in educational process of military higher education institutions, in our opinion, demands the correct organization of their use on all route of the professional training of future officers. This is possible within the framework of a balanced model, considering the specifics of the military education system, built on the normative and legal and methodological basis, integrating in its functional and meaningful space a set of measures aimed at improving the process of training future specialists and forming their professional readiness as the main result of education.

Keywords:

professional training, information technologies, Federal National Guard (FNGTS), pedagogical modeling.

P. 193-201

 

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ORGANIZATION OF EDUCATIONAL MATHEMATICAL ACTIVITY AT THE INITIAL STAGE OF TRAINING TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

Gamzatova Aisha G., Shamaylo Olga N.

Abstract.

The article substantiates the importance of the training start-up phase for the further period of study in a technical University. In the process of teaching mathematics, it is important to strengthen the focus on the formation of the student’s personality, instilling new features of the researcher in them, developing the experience of self-learning. The article presents the approaches to the organization of educational activities of students in accordance with the theory of P. Ya. Galperin’s, which involve the gradual forming mental actions in modification relating to the teaching of mathematics. 

Keywords: 

a technical University, mathematics, education, the start-up phase, informative analysis, training activities organization.

P. 202-208

 

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THE MODEL OF FORMING THE SOCIAL COMPETENCE IN FUTURE PROGRAMMERS THROUGH COLLABORATIVE E-LEARNING

Gorokhovsky Nadezhda A., Ruliene Lubov N.

Abstract.

The authors analyze the problems of humanization of education in the context of modern digital society. The article proposes a model of forming the social competence through the collaborative e-learning, based on the Agile methodology and Scrum technology.

Keywords:

social competence, collaborative e-learning, Agile, Scrum technology.

P. 209-217

 

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THE ORGANIZATIONAL POTENTIAL OF THE EDUCATIONAL STANDARDS IN ELABORATION OF GENERAL TECHNICAL DISCIPLINES LABORATORY WORKSHOP

Bukalova Galina V., Savin Leonid A.

Abstract.

The purposefulness is the main feature of the engineering education. In accordance with the state educational standards’ requirements, obtaining a set of competences is the final purpose of  the educational process. In the context of standardization of education the competences acquire the status of the educational standards that are essential to be obtained. Innovation strategy is a necessary condition of the company’s effective development because of the intense competition in the modern technical sphere. Scientific-technical activity is a base of the innovative engineering performance. Thus, the pedagogical problem of preparing students for the professional scientific-technical activity became more important and actual. Our consideration of the engineering activity types allows us to allocate elements of the scientific-technical activity in it, which can help to compare the elements of the professional innovative performance and the students training activity during the laboratory workshop.

Keywords:

engineering education, educational standards, training to the innovation activities, professional competence, the types of engineering work, laboratory workshop.

P. 218-231 

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ELECTRONIC TEST TO DETERMINE THE COMPONENTS OF COGNITIVE ACTIVITY OF STUDENTS IN COMPUTER SCIENCE LESSONS

Denisov Dmitriy P., Ogrizkov Vladimir E.

Abstract.

The development of information systems and communications suggest an active search for new forms of dialogue between students and teachers. A children’s rage for games and primitive communication acts in the Internet environment significantly interfere with the correct, adequate idea of the potential of modern personal devices, the solution of educational, scientific and applied problems. One should note that the share of those, who have experienced the devastating impact of the advertising and gaming industry of the Internet, is increasing in the whole amount of students.  The present work offers the teachers the e-test that covers specifics of the mobile technology, the emotional state associated with it, and formats of the data to which learners are addressing on the Internet portals, as well as the communicative activity in the virtual society. In our opinion, the questionnaire for taking into account the components of cognitive activity of students is an effective tool for dialogue, in which students and teachers will find common themes, interests, useful information for teamwork, rules of a safe behavior in a multidimensional space of the network interactions.

Keywords:

test, questionnaire, dialogue, computer, education, algorithm, ASMR trigger, diagram, virtual.

P. 232-241

 

 

Young scientists' vision
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INTERDISCIPLINARITY IN THE RESEARCH OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION: INTERACTION OF SCIENCES OF VARIOUS COUNTRIES

Sheveleva Daria E.

Abstract.

The article substantiates an interdisciplinary approach to research. The phenomenon of “inclusive education” is analyzed from the position of sociology, psychology, pedagogy; theories of Russian and foreign scientists’ are presented.

Keywords:

interdisciplinary approach, inclusive education, children with health limitations, integration in mainstream school, organization of education.

P. 242-251

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METHODS OF TEACHING PAINTING IN THE PRIMITIVE SOCIETY

Katukhina Anna V.

Abstract.

The article shows the possibilities of methods of teaching painting in a primitive society, the methods of applying historical methods in modern pedagogy, the theoretical and practical aspects of solving compositional problems. The author of the article considers examples of children’s works from the point of view of development of compositional skills and correlates the children’s drawings with examples of primitive art, reveals similar pictorial techniques.

Keywords:

composition, composition problems, educational and creative problems, teaching, ways of teaching, pedagogy of art.

P. 252-260