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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 3-2019

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophic Sciences 09.00.00 

 

ONTOLOGY AND EPISTEMOLOGY

 

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THE EXPERIENCE OF SOCIAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL EXPLANATION OF THE PROBLEM OF «FAKES» AND «FILTER BUBBLES» ON THE WEB

Gurov Philip N.

Abstract. 

This article discusses the problems of formation of information bubbles of filters and the latest technologies of mind control in the dynamically changing realities of the information society. The specificity of the virtual network subject of activity is analyzed. A general principle of verifying an online information message is proposed, and practical ways of recognizing unreliable information (fakes) on the Web are described. Such key characteristics of digital reality as “streaming” and “amplification”, “personalization” and “thematization” are revealed. Informatization is considered as a source of sociocultural changes.

Keywords:

informatization, information and communication technologies (ICT), virtual anonymous networking subject (VANS), “filter bubble”, “fake”.

P. 9-20

      

HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY
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E. ILYENKOV’S PROBLEM OF IDEAL AND A NEW IMAGE OF CONSCIOUSNESS

Schastlivtsev Roman A.

Abstract.

The article presents a new interpretation of E. V. Ilyenkov’s concept of ideal. It is shown that Ilyenkov’s understanding of the ideal allows its interpretation in the spirit of modern medial concepts. In this regard, the ideal can be understood as culture in general. The evolutionary approach to this problem allows us to find the rudiments of the ideal in nature. A broad view on the problem of the ideal through the prism of mediality makes it possible to use the dialectic of the direct-indirect. The latter helps to present the ideal as a system of mediations of the material primarily in the human culture. Thus, the ideal appears as formulated, acquired a material form of activity, history and culture indefinite internal mental process, the beginning of which lies also in the activity, history, culture. Action, image, text can be regarded as an external form, inseparable from the internal ideal form.

Keywords:

Ilyenkov, ideal, mediality, mediated, activity, institutionalized environment, suspension.

P. 21-26

 

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00
General psychology, personality psychology, history of psychology 
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PERCEPTIVE ABILITIES OF VIRTUAL SPACE RESIDENTS ON THE EXAMPLE OF PHENOMENA IN ACTION

Sapogova Elena E.

Abstract.

This article is devoted to the study of the influence of the specific conditions of the virtual space on perceptual abilities within the framework of perception of phenomena in the action of cyberspace residents aged 18–22 years. The residents of cyberspace were divided into an experimental group and a control one as they stay daily and systematically in the virtual space. The experimental group consisted of cyber-active residents with the experience of more than 7 years, and the control group – less cyber-active residents with the experience from 3 to 8 years. Animal figures representing various movements of people were used as the experimental material. The stimulus material allows the subjects to determine the amount of the amount of correctly and erroneously perceived actions, and the amount of the quantity of correctly and erroneously perceived phenomena. Significant differences were  obtained between cyber-active and less cyberactive residents of the virtual space in terms of the number of erroneously perceived actions. 

Keywords:

perception of phenomena in action, perceptual productivity, cyberspace, Internet resources, hypertext, sign, virtual reality, cyberspace residents.

P. 27-34 

 

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
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PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL DIAGNOSTICS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN IN THE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF THE NATIONAL SCHOOL

Kurilkina Valentina N., Vinokurova Ekaterina Spiridonovna

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the acute issue of psychological and pedagogical support of the educational process in the national school. In the context of globalization, the problem of the ethnic and national identity of children and young people is important. There is a close interaction and interpenetration of cultures, the mutual influence of ethnic groups. In some national republics there is a threat of language extinction. Under these conditions, it is of great interest to study the development of the personality of a child studying in the national school. The aim of the study is to determine the psychological and pedagogical methods to diagnose the student’s personal development in the environment of the national school. The article discusses the main directions and principles of the organization of educational activities of the national school (using the example of a primary school-laboratory at NEFU), the potentials of psychological and pedagogical support for children at school, methods of psychological and pedagogical diagnosis of primary school children. The article presents the principles of the organization of the educational process in the national school, defined by V. E. Stepanova.The  results of the study show that there is a need to develop a complex of medical, psychological and pedagogical support for students of the national school that satisfies the principles of humanism, spiritual and intellectual self-development.

Keywords:

conception, national school, ethnopedagogy, spiritual development, selfawareness, self-development, ethnic identity, psychological and pedagogical diagnostics, psychological testing, personal growth, primary school.

P. 35-42

 

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EMOTIONAL BURNOUT OF TEACHERS WITH DIFFERENT TYPES OF ECONOMIC SELF-DETERMINATION

Safukova Nadezda N.

Abstract.

The article deals with the issue of correlation between the teachers’ emotional burnout and different types of economic selfdetermination, as well as satisfaction with their professional choice and its results and the attitude to the economic circumstances of their lives, to material benefits and their sources. As a result of the comparative and correlation analysis it has been revealed that there is a relationship between the level of manifestation of the emotional burnout syndrome in teachers and the types of the economic selfdetermination.

Keywords:

emotional (professional) burnout, economic self-determination, teachers.

P. 43-50

  

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 
MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

 

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THE USE OF THE “ANTI-PLAGIARISM” SYSTEM IN UNIVERSITY

Khovanskaya Tatyana V., Sandirova Marina N.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to an acute issue of use of the “Anti-plagiarism” system in university. The authors analyze the state of this issue both abroad and in Russia, as well as regulations that guide the need and procedure for using this system of borrowings detection. Characteristic features, capabilities and modules of the “Anti-plagiarism” system as well as types of borrowing are identified and described. Special attention is paid to the need for a differentiated approach to the assessment of the originality of scientific works.

Keywords:

“Anti-plagiarism” system, types of borrowing, self-citation, analysis of the content, originality of scientific works.

P. 51-58

 

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DEVELOPING NECESSARY COMPETENCES WITH STUDENTS – FUTURE DIGITAL SOCIETY EMPLOYEES

Shornikova Natalia Y.

Abstract.

At this stage in daily occurrence there is a digitalization of many aspects of our life. New digital thinking is formed, workis transformed. Students gain and create knowledge in the digital environment. There is question: what competences have to be created  during training in a higher education institution to become a relevant and competitive worker? Having analyzed opinions of scientists on what skills (competences) are necessary for workers in the digital society, there is obvious a need to correct competences which have to be developed with students according to the Federal State Educational Standard of Higher Education taking into account the occupational standards. The author offers formulations of universal competences. 

Keywords:

competences, universal competences, digital skills, digitalization, digital society.

P. 59-64

 

THEORY OF EDUCATION
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THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF AESTHETIC EDUCATION OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN

Komarova Tamara S., Moskvina Anna S.

Abstract.

In this article, the authors examine the theoretical and methodological foundations of the aesthetic education of children of preschool age in modern conditions. The analysis of the phenomenon of aesthetic education is presented. The essential features of a children’s drawing as a psychological and pedagogical phenomenon are revealed. The problematics of the possibilities of each child are updated. The mission and tasks of the visual activity in the pedagogical process of the pre-school educational organization are highlighted. Organizational and pedagogical conditions affecting the full aesthetic education of a child in the pre-school educational organization in the digital world are described. 

Keywords:

aesthetic education, a preschool child, theoretical and methodological foundations, conditions, phenomenon, a children’s drawing, graphic activity.

P. 65-71

 

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MODELING THE CONTINUOUS MILITARY VOCATIONAL EDUCATION ENVIRONMENT: METHODOLOGY AND PRACTICE

Golub Vladimir V.

Abstract.

The article features the problems of modeling the military professional education environment on the basis of general scientific approaches and principles, taking into account the special scientific and historical and methodological features of its development. The aim of the author is to highlight certain aspects of the developed and implemented methodology for modeling the environment of military vocational education during the reformation period, ensuring an increase in the professional and personal readiness of a military specialist and motivation in constant self-development.

Keywords:

pedagogical modeling, pedagogical validity, spatial approach, innovative project, educational environment, methodology, systemintegrative approach.

P. 66-82 

  

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION
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THE DEVELOPMENT OF CREATIVE ABILITIES IN PRESCHOOL AND PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN: THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL GROUNDS

Boyko Irina N.

Abstact.

In this article, the author reveals he agenda of developing creative abilities in children of preschool and primary school age from the standpoint of theoretical and methodological foundations. Creative abilities as a phenomenon of psychological and pedagogical science are covered. The analysis of the theory of the issue is given, the statements of teachers and psychologists on this issue are revealed. The approaches to understanding the category of abilities are highlighted. The factors of forming any kind of abilities in a person are described. The aspects of the development of creative abilities are considered. Criteria for creativity are defined. The levels of development of creative abilities in children of preschool and primary school age are characterized. 

Keywords:  

creative abilities, children of preschool and primary school age, analysis, theory, methods, criteria, creativity, innovation in psychological and pedagogical science and practice.

P. 83-90

 

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THE RESEARCH INTO REPRESENTATION OF FAMILY VALUES BY PRESCHOOL EDUCATORS

Gorbunova Olesya F., Sultanbaeva Klavdia I.

Abstract.

The article presents the results of an empirical research which contains the information about the value-oriented trends of teachers’ of Khakass preschool institutions of today. The analyses of the results promoted the conclusion that there are qualitative changes in the preschool educators’ perception of family values.

Keywords:

value, family values, preschool educator, family values representation.

P. 91-98

 

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FORMING PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE OF INTENDED PRESCHOOL TEACHERS

Bykovskaya Tamara E.

Abstract.

The article deals with the problem of training intended teachers of preschool institutions, aimed at the forming their professional competence. The main characteristics and pedagogical conditions contributing to its forming are presented; the stages, tasks and technologies of formation are revealed.

Keywords:

professional competence, agency, autonomy, reflection, achievement motivation, professional self-awareness, simulation modeling of practice-oriented professional activities.

P. 99-105

 

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SPORT IN A UNIVERSITY AS AN OPEN PHYSICAL-EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT FOR PREPARING A CREATIVE PE TEACHER

Nikiforov Yuriy B., Grishin Yuriy Yu.

Abstract.

The article covers issues related to sport and its recreational work in universities as a single concept. The analysis of development of student sports in Russia allows us to state that its formation went through several stages. The modern stage is characterized by the emergence of new tasks set for the physical education in higher education institution. These  tasks are aimed not only at the development of students’ physical abilities, but also their inspirations for physical training and sport, shaping the values of healthy way of life, where the physical activity is a necessary condition. 

Keywords:

physical training and sport, weightlifting, educational environment, professional activity, youth.

P. 106-112

 

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AKTIVATING FOREIGN STUDENTS’ EDUCATIONAL-COGNITIVE ACTIVITY AT THE INITIAL STAGE OF TRAINING AT A MEDICAL UNIVERSITY: EXPERIENCE AND THE MEANS OF REALIZATION

Oleshko Tamara V., Sayamova Valentina I., Dorofeev Vadim A.

Abstract. 

Some questions of foreign students’ educational cognitive activity at the preuniversity stage of training at the medical university and the means of its activation are discussed in the article: cognitive interest forming, studying motivation and students’ active position in the training process, students’ self-regulation of this activity, intention to create, mutual enrichment of a teacher and a student’s effective activity, creation of a trusting relationship between them, a teacher’s pedagogical skill among them.  As we think the results of the pedagogical  bservations contribute to well-known patterns of the learning process, help to form a foreign student’s personality as an intended doctor, and relate to the educational tasks in the medical university.

Keywords:

educational-cognitive activity, motivation, activation, foreign students, preuniversity stage of training, speech activity,cognitive interest. 

P. 113-123

 

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NATIONAL CULTURE AS A HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS EDUCATION CONDITION
(A CASE STUDY OF THE SAKHA REPUBLIC (YAKUTIA))

Popova Marfa N.

Abstract.

The article reveals the issue of forming the national identity in high school students. The idea that the national identity formation is impossible without the use of the pedagogical capabilities of the national culture is substantiated. National culture has always been and still remains an intellectual resource, the focus of unique cultural processes, the spiritual and moral core and the source of people’s livelihood. The basic culture of the Sakha people is education in the course of joint educational, cognitive and labor activities of children and adults. During this joint activity, everyone performs the role assigned to them. The essence of the child-adult educational community “parents – teachers – children” is close to the folk traditions of upbringing. The article also discusses the traditions and customs of the Yakut people and their use in raising the younger generation and summarizes the practical experience of the schools of Yakutia. 

Keywords:

national culture, Yakut traditions, customs, school, high school students, parents, teachers, interaction.

P. 124-130

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION
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USING THE TECHNOLOGY OF DYNAMIC COMPUTER TESTING IN MANAGING THE QUALITY OF STUDENTS’ PROGRAMMING TRAINING

Kuzmin Dmitry N., Bortnovsky Sergey V., Kosmynina Irina N.

Abstract.

The article proposes the solutio to the problem of managing the quality of students’ programming training. We propose to use a dynamic computer testing technology to solve this problem. The article presents some features of this technology. It also describes the structural-functional model of the training and diagnostic system as well as the process of interaction of student with the system. In addition, the article presents the conclusions on the perspective of the using this technology in managing the quality of students’ programming training. 

Keywords:

dynamic computer testing, managing the training quality, control of the learning outcomes, programming, informatics and ICT.

P. 131-138

 

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CREATIVE THINKING DEVELOPMENT BY MEANS OF NON-TRIVIAL TASKS

Shimelfenig Oleg V.

Abstract.

The paper states that traditional methods and the latest technology always work on the development of the same abilities: to think, to analyze, to find creative solutions, to take responsibility, to quickly navigate the changing circumstances. There have been considered simple tasks from different areas of knowledge, which, however, provide an opportunity to develop the skills of selfobservation, analytical thinking, to build an adequate pattern of events in general and they also teach the methodological technique of reducing the problem to such a “marginal” form when its solution becomes obvious. 

Keywords: 

tradition, innovation, skills, tasks, analytical thinking, methodology. 

P. 138-146

 

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ON THE EDUCATIONAL ROUTES CHOICES FOR THE APPLICANTS TO TECHNICAL AND SCIENTIFIC COLLEGES

Badaev Yuri L.

Abstract.

In connection with the reform of the education system in Russia and the introduction of the Unified State Exam as the only form of examination for admission to a university, school-leavers often face an issue of choosing an alternative educational route in order to get admitted to a college of further education with further application to a college of higher education escaping the exam procedure. This article describes the features of these routes.

Keywords: 

educational route, College, University, education.  

P. 147-152

 

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DEVELOPMENT OF PRACTICAL TASKS WHILE TEACHING MATHEMATICS TO STUDENTS OF THE SOCIO-HUMANITARIAN PROFILES

Kislyakova Maria А., Polichka Anatoly E.

Abstract.

The article presents the author’s approach to the formation of professional competence with students of sociohumanitarian profiles to apply the methods of mathematics to professional activities through the developed system of practical tasks. There have been drawn the examples of practical tasks for the students of socio-humanitarian profiles – “Advertising and Public Relations”,“Teacher Education”, “Psychology”, “Social  Work”. 

Keywords:

profession-oriented tasks, methods of teaching mathematics, practical tasks, students of socio-humanitarian profiles. 

P. 153-161

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TEACHING ASPECTS OF A FOREIGN LANGUAGE ONLINE

Ignatenko Irina I.

Abstract. 

The author examines the reasons for the growing popularity of online learning: price and territorial accessibility, saving time, the possibility of a flexible approach to individual needs, the modern image. The article shows ways to overcome the pedagogical and technical difficulties with new online teachers. The author reveals some features of the methodological techniques and technical resources of various aspects of the online language learning: reading, listening, speaking and writing. Examples of the use of innovative technical resources for independent learning of creative writing are given. The role of feedback and the features of error correction in an online lesson are shown.  

Keywords:

online language learning, learning platform, interactive whiteboard, shared screen, language aspects. 

P. 162-168

  

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FORMING PRESENTATION SKILLS IN FOREIGN PHILOLOGY STUDENTS
WITH THE USE OF MODERN MULTIMEDIA MEANS

Georgiadi Alexandra A., Georgiadi Alexander K.

Abstract. 

The paper analyses the experience of the formation of presentation skills in foreign philology students with the use of modern multimedia technology. The authors clarify the essence of the concept of an intended foreign language teacher’s presentation skills in the context of modern pedagogical research  and discuss the potential of using such multimedia means as programs for creating slide presentations, video presentations and augmented reality in teaching foreign languages. 

Keywords:

philology students, intended foreign language teacher, presentation, presentation skills, multimedia means, Power Point, video clip, augmented reality. 

P. 169-176 

  

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PROJECT-BASED LEARNING WITH THE TIPS ELEMENTS AS A TRIGGER
OF THE STUDENTS' EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY

Sakulina Julia V., Nikulina Tatiana V.

Abstract. 

In the article various learning technologies of optimizing the teaching and learning process with the TIPS methods application are considered. The lessons covering gnostic and research tasks promote acquisition of knowledge and development of necessary competencies of students’. TIPS is a unique method of activating the students’ work and it allows to individualize the training process. The authors draw an example of the modification of the information search system on the Internet with the use of the TIPS elements. This technology allows students to develop the necessary professional competency.

Keywords:

training, Theory of Inventive Problem Solving, learning technology, self-education, competencies.

P. 177-183

 

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REALIZATION OF THE EDUCATIONAL FUNCTION OF THE EMOTIONALLY-VALUABLE COMPONENT OF THE CONTENT OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE EDUCATION IN KIROV LYCEUM OF ECONOMICS AND LAW

Tatarinova Maya N., Volkova Εlena M.

Abstract. 

The purpose of this article is to describe the experience of implementing the educational function of the emotionally-valuable component of the content of foreign language education in Kirov lyceum of economics and law. The relevance of the study is related to the need to emphasize the personal and emotional components of students’ perception of a different lingo-culture and to the importance of  comparing this experience with their knowledge and feelings. However, the implementation of the experience of students’ emotionallyvaluable relations in the design and realization of the content of foreign language education still occurs randomly and intuitively. The object of our study in this article is the emotionallyvaluable component of the content of foreign language education. The subject is the educational function of this component. Its successful fulfilment is linked with the change and enlargement of students’ values, motives, relationships, personal positions. The final goal is to meet the needs of personal growth and development of students as subjects of the dialogue of cultures. 

Keywords:

the emotionally-valuable component of the content of foreign language education, the educational function, development of the experience of students’ emotionally-valuable relations, the approaches, principles and regulations of the educational function realization.

P. 184-195

 

YOUNG SCIENTISTS’ VISION
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THE THEORETICAL BASIS OF THE EUROPEAN PRACTICE OF TEACHERS’ TEAM BUILDING IN NON-FORMAL EDUCATION

Frolova Daria I.

Abstract.

The article deals with the issue of introducing non-formal teaching methods in the European formal education system. At the moment, at the European level, there is a growing tendency to assess non-formal and formal education, and great attention is paid to the introduction of non-formal working methods in the traditional educational ways. The issues of traditional classes and of preventing early school leaving are covered. The article provides definitions that characterize formal and nonformal education and training.

Keywords:

team building of teachers, nonformal education, traditional education, alternative education, formal education.

P. 196-199