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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 1-2019

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophic Sciences 09.00.00 

 

Philosophy of education

 

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PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF COMMUNICATION IN CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION

Simonova Margarita M.

Abstract.

The article considers multiple directions of using unifying communication in modern society, its importance in social life. The study of communication processes in modern education makes it possible to ensure the intensification of the learning process and to use the scientific potential of communicability in a specific learning situation. This makes possible a dialogue on the informatization of the education system, on the training of specialists for the intensive development of information technologies and who are capable of updating the modern education in the country. Education, being a variant and a means of communication, is called upon to introduce a learning personality into a vast, integral world of communication. Today, a more intensive understanding of the question of the worldview in education is required as a powerful communicator, connecting a system of various scientific researches in favor of education. At present, the direction of the socio-cultural approach to the organization of education is being strengthened. It involves communication synthesis, integration of socio-cultural and natural-scientific bases of education. Communication processes in society, conditionally separated from direct educational systems, but connecting the most diverse and strong streams of science, politics, ideology, and civil society institutions, objectively serve to better understanding the realities of the globalized world and the responsibility of everyone for the place of the country in it. The task of education, using all the modern achievements in the field of cybernetics and informatics, to enlighten the younger generation about the invisible currents of the slipping away of information meanings in the vast volumes of communication space, about the possibilities of manipulating communicative PR, advertising and sociopolitical field penetrated with communicative technologies.

Keywords:

communication, education, metacommunication, information technologies, education reform, knowledge, communication tools.

P. 9-16

      

Social philosophy
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THE INFLUENCE OF CONSCIOUSNESS ON THE UNDERSTANDING AND COGNITION BY THE HUMAN-BEING IN THE MODERN SOCIUM

Kolesov Vladimir I., Smolonskaya Anna N., Smolonskii Sergei I.

Abstract.

The work examines the influence of consciousness on the understanding and cognition by the human in modern society, establishes the essential features of the phenomena under analysis, and traces the causal relationship between them. There is an analysis of conceiving the world view by a today’s man, the influence that it exerts on the ability to perceive information is interpreted. The subject of the research is the mechanisms of the formation and interaction of the consciousness with the surrounding world and the social reality. The article compares the tendencies of perception of the surrounding reality, socio-historical processes in the context of the processes of the upbringing and education. The features of the influence of consciousness on the perception of information and self-identity on various grounds are revealed.

Keywords:

world view, cognition, understanding, self-identity, consciousness, social reality.

P. 17-23 

 

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00
Educational psychology

 

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THE PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT IN THE UNIVERSITY

Baranov Evgeny G., Baranova Oksana V.

Abstract.

The article deals with the psychological aspects of the activity of the university teacher in developing the student’s personality. In accordance with the professional standard of the teacher, they must provide the students with assistance and support in intellectual, cultural, moral, professional and personal development in general. The article shows that the main content of this activity is the development in the students of the skills and abilities of a personal self-organization, the formation of a system of their own beliefs and values that make up their worldview. This involves mastering the ability to search for the meaning of a phenomenon (event). In the educational institution, skills and knowledge of sense-making should be formed, first of all, when studying the basic part of the curriculum,  especially, humanitarian and socio-economic subjects. The essence of the personality development in the university is that a student must realize themselves as a part of the social, political, economic, legal system of the society and state, as well as the professional community; one must receive the skill and experience of reflective reasoning. The teacher gives help and support in the personality development, providing the student not only with the educational material, but also with tools, methods, samples and opportunities for reflexive reasoning and discussions.

Keywords:

personality development, values, identity, meaning, pseudo sense, sense-making.

P. 24-34

 

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NON-CONTEXTUAL RESPONSIBILITY AS AN IMPORTANT CRITERION OF MATURITY

Butayeva Umida A.

Abstract.

The given article examines the sense of non-contextual responsibility as a maturity criterion. The results of the research and some recommendations are given.

Keywords:

personality, maturity, psychological maturity, personal maturity, psychological features, responsibility.

P. 35-40

    

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STRESS AS AN ADAPTIVE RESPONSE IN THE VOCAL-PEDAGOGICAL PROCESS

Dalskaya Valentina A.

Abstract. 

The article investigates the issue of stress in the teacher–student pedagogical link as a psychological state, necessary in the learning process. The specific features of the phonation apparatus of the singer, their innervation coming from the right hemisphere and dictating its own laws and ways of working with the singing apparatus in the light of the doctrine of stress are considered.

Keywords:

feature of educational information in the teacher–student link, stress agents, the subconscious–unconscious and the right hemisphere in a singing process.

P. 41-49 

 

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BREATHING EXERCISES IN HARMONIZING THE PSYCHO-EMOTIONAL AND FUNCTIONAL STATE OF STUDENTS

Alexeeva Elena N., Golyakova Natalya N., Fedotova Tatyana D., Shevchenko Alexey M., Vaschenko Oksana E.

Abstract.

The article examines the physiological and psychological components of the influence of traditional and modern exercises of various systems of respiratory gymnastics and novel health and fitness techniques on the human system. The authors analyze the effect of respiratory exercises on the functional state and adaptive capabilities of the human body to prevent, correct and eliminate negative psycho-emotional reactions in the students’ educational process and sport activities. It is reasonable for students to be skilled in the rational breathing while exercising.

Keywords:

psycho-emotional state of a person, health, breathing exercises, adaptation, bioeconomic psychophysical training.

P. 50-55 

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 
Modernization of education

 

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QUALIMETRIC CONDITIONS OF NATIONAL QUALITY ASSESSMENT SYSTEM’S CONSTRUCTION AND IMPLEMENTATION IN TEACHER EDUCATION

Minich Aksana A., Scriba Anastasia N.

Abstract.

The development of the national quality assessment system in teacher education is considered as a trinity of the socio-philosophical, psychology-pedagogical, and information-qualimetric aspects of evaluation based on the interdisciplinary ground. Proper qualimetric principles for assessing the quality of continuous teacher education, methodological approaches and determinants of qualimetric conditions were singled out within the framework of the information-qualimetric approach. The qualimetric conditions for the construction and development of national quality assessment system in teacher education are introduced as a set of interconnected groups of conditions: substantive, organizational and resource. 

Keywords:

quality of education, determinant, qualimetric principles, qualimetric conditions.

P. 56-68

      

History of pedagogy and education
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RUSSIAN UPBRINGING IN THE MIRROR OF THE THEORY OF MENTALITY

Novikov Sergey G.

Abstract.

The article deals with the relationship between the mental structures and process of upbringing. The author shows that the Russian upbringing over the centuries has offered for mastering those ideals that grew out of the nonverbalized attitudes of consciousness that were formed under the influence of the conditions of the development of the Russian socio-cultural community.

Keywords:

mentality, cultural genotype, pattern, core of culture, frame, archetypal pedagogical representations, socio-centrism, anthropocentrism, dualism, ideal of upbringing.

P. 69-78

 

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THE IDEA OF GOD-LIKENESS IN THE PEDAGOGICAL THEORY AND PRACTICE OF ANCIENT RUSSIA (X–XIII CENTURIES)

Nalyotova Natalya Yu., Senchenkov Nikolay P.

Abstract.

Studying and judgment of education, upbringing, a pedagogical thought during this or that historical period is defined by an anthropological paradigm. We build this article upon the provision that the processes of education, upbringing, pedagogical systems or theories are based on certain views about the human-being, ideas of ideals of them and therefore can be understood only in a context of the human-being. Any people’s ideal of man corresponds to the national character, is defined by the public and cultural life of people, and evolves altogether with their development. In this article the authors set the  task of studying the specifics of a personality ideal of the Ancient Russia era (the 10–13th centuries), achievement of it by means of a religious thought, education, practice of education, insightful literature, mentoring. During the Old Russian period Russia connects tasks of educating the person with the initial development of the personality inwardness, their religiousness and moral behavior; that becomes the central anthropological idea of the domestic education, its civilization essence, sense, original sign and also the general prevailing tendency. This article makes a contribution to the theory of education, to history of a pedagogical thought of Russia. From the point of view of methodology the article submits the gnoseological analysis of processes of forming and developing the domestic education and upbringing to the pedagogical science in the context of the Orthodox anthropology. The article is of interest to the researchers of the Old Russian period of the country, students and graduate students studying “History of Pedagogics” and also to all engaged in history of the Russian culture. 

Keywords:

history of education, anthropology, personality, education, upbringing, religious and pedagogical thought, God-likeness, Ancient Rus.

P. 79-91

 

New research in education
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ORGANIZATION OF ACTIVE COGNITIVE ACTIVITY OF STUDENTS

Popova Olesya A.

Abstact.

In this paper we consider the current approaches to teaching students law in modern conditions. The characteristic features of teaching in higher educational institutions are analyzed. The need to improve the educational process is revealed, the effectiveness of the use of non-standard teaching methods is substantiated. On the basis of the research conducted the author proves the opinion of the need to recognize the practical experience of the teacher who remembers to improve their skills in the field of their profession, as well as in pedagogy.

Keywords:

education, attention, knowledge, skill, profession, law.

P. 92-96

 

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ENHANCING STUDENTS’ MOTIVATION WHILE TEACHING A FOREIGN LANGUAGE THROUGH SITUATIONAL AND THEMATIC ORGANIZATION OF EDUCATIONAL MATERIAL

Frolova Tatyana P.

Abstract.

The article deals with the features of organization of the process of teaching a foreign language in a Technical University aiming to enhance the motivation of students. The concepts «motive» and «motivation» in the general sense of the word are revealed, and the concept «educational motivation» is given, in particular. The author analyses the research of the matter described in the Russian methodical literature in the works of such scientists as A. Maslou, I. A. Zimnyaya, S. L. Rubinstein, L. I. Bozhovich, V. A. Kan-Kalik, E. P. Ilyin and others. The author emphasizes that forming stable motivation to foreign language learning is facilitated by the provision of zones of the nearest development in the educational process – creation of a system of  students’ skills and abilities. The purpose of this article is to consider the impact of situational and thematic organization of educational material in teaching a foreign language to enhance students’ motivation. The specificity of the organization of educational material is that the revealing of conversational topics is proposed to introduce on the basis of a list of typical situations of communication. Such organization of material for teaching oral speech is called situational-thematic organization (V. L. Skalkin and T. S. Duchenko). In this regard a system of exercises for teaching oral speech in a foreign language is proposed, the linguistic and methodological principles are taken into account. The article is based on the results of the research, survey and observation conducted among the first-year students of the Polytechnic University who continue to study English.

Keywords:

motive, motivation, situationalthematic organization, analysis, enhancement of motivation.

P. 97-108

 

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ON THE ISSUE OF LEXICAL MATERIAL SELECTION FOR READING AND LISTENING IN THE PROCESS OF TEACHING A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

Pirogova Nadezhda G.

Abstract.

The article covers the issues of selecting and classifying the lexical material for reading and listening in a foreign language. The relevance of the topic of the present article is determined by the fact that in spite of lots of research devoted to this problem the final vocabulary minimum for those studying English for Specific Purpose has not been made. The author analyses the range of problems related to a quantitative and qualitative content of the vocabulary minimum for the receptive types of speech activity. Special attention is given to three groups of principles – linguistic, statistical and methodological – that have to be used in complex in the process of vocabulary selection for listening and reading in the English language.

Keywords:

lexical minimum, foreign language, reading, listening, lexical unit, frequency, thematic principle.

P. 109-117

 

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PLANNING THE FORMATION OF GENERAL COMPETENCES IN THE PROFESSIONAL EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM OF THE SPO ON THE BASIS OF LEVEL DIFFERENTIATION OF ACTIVITY

Golub Galina B., Fishman Irina S.

Abstract.

Based on the comparison and analysis of the requirements of the FSES SVE of the third and fourth generations to the general competences of a professional educational program graduate, the variant of specification of these requirements through achievable and measurable educational results is offered: proper general competences (information, communication, and self-management), knowledge, skills, and experience of activity. The expediency of using the National Framework of Qualifications of the Russian Federation as the basis for the level differentiation of the requirements for the activity of students according to the levels of the formation of general competences, irrespective of the level of the professional educational program and profession, specialty and training direction is shown. The principles of the process of the level differentiation of activities, specified by the requirements of the FSES SVE to the general competences required in the process of developing a professional educational program are formulated. The principal ways of specification of competence-based educational results in the field of work with information, communication, self-management and approaches to planning their formation are proposed. 

Keywords:

general competences, professional educational program, Federal State Educational Standard (FSES) of Secondary Vocational Education (SVE).

P. 118-134

 

Innovative technologies in education
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INFORMAL AND NON-FORMAL EDUCATION IN THE CONTEXT OF AN ADAPTIVE
NETWORKED EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

Boyarinov Dmitry A.

Abstract.

The adaptive networked educational environment in relation to the implementation of the ideas of informal and non-formal education is discussed in the article. Significant features of non-formal education are noted. Learning technologies such as inservice education and blended learning are analyzed in the article. The potential of the technology of learning in the digital workplace in the field of implementation of the ideas of informal and non-formal education is noted. The main conditions for the realization of  this potential are given: the presence of information interaction between the students workplace and the educational environment; the support of the whole range of different forms of digital learning; the presence of the means of attracting employers to train their employees. Two main factors for fulfilling these conditions – the widespread use of information and communication technologies and the introduction of blended learning – are identified in the article. Subject to the given conditions the adaptive networked educational environment acquires the mechanisms for interaction with society (represented, in particular, by the micro-social environment of students, network communities, public organizations and institutions) and the economy (represented, in particular, by the business community, employers and professionals). It renders the learning environment the fundamentally new qualities. In particular, it contributes much to the solution of the actual problem of public accreditation of educational organizations and of individual educational programs.

Keywords:

adaptive networked educational environment, informal learning, non-formal learning, in-service education, blended learning, lifelong learning.

P. 135-142

 

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THE ROLE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN

Komarova Tamara S., Moskvina Anna S., Tretyakov Andrei L.

Abstract.

In this article, theorists and practitioners of preschool education analyze the role and mission of information and communication technologies in the cognitive development of children of preschool age. Special attention is paid to the phenomenon of the preschool children cognitive development in the context of the activation of the theory of L. S. Vygotsky’s. The structural components and criteria for the cognitive interest of children of preschool age are disclosed. Information and communication opportunities that provide an innovative horizon to form cognitive interest in children of preschool age are covered. The innovative mission of modern preschool educational organization in digital realities is highlighted.

Keywords: 

Federal State Educational Standard of preschool education, educational environment, play activities, information and communication technologies, cognitive development.

P. 143-149

 

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MODEL OF MASSIVE OPEN ONLINE COURSES FOR PARENTS, TEACHERS AND STUDENTS OF PRIMARY GENERAL EDUCATION

Afanasyev Vladimir V., Afanasieva Irina V., Kunitsyna Svetlana M.

Abstract.

The article considers the specificity of massive open online courses. The factors and necessary conditions for creating a virtual  digital educational environment, features of the integration of online courses into the main educational programs, opportunities for expert assessment of the quality of their organization, and the principles of forming an organizational infrastructure are analyzed. A model of massive open online courses for parents, teachers and students of primary general education is proposed.

Keywords:

massive open online courses (MOOC), educational environment, educational program, quality criteria, infrastructure.

P. 150-158

 

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THE USE OF MULTIMEDIA TECHNOLOGIES WHILE TEACHING HISTORY

Liu Rong

Abstract.

The article features the approaches to History teaching in China with the use of new media technologies. Multimedia presentations usually include such elements as images (coloured or black-and-white), video, audio, documentaries, animation, visuals and tables. The advantages and meaning of the media technologies implementation in the course of History teaching are grounded. The problems and safety measures in using the media technologies while teaching History are outlined.

Keywords:

media technologies, History teaching, education software, classical works, cases, web based interface education software.

P. 159-166

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METHODS OF SEMANTIZATION OF NEW LEXIS WITHIN THE BASIC COURSE OF RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

Kuzmina Elena O.

Abstract. 

The article describes the different methods of lexis semantization within the basic language course. Herein, both positive and negative aspects of these methods are covered. The implications of methods of semantization are illustrated.

Keywords:

semantization, methods of semantization, basic language course, Russian as a foreign language, innovations in education.

P. 167-174

 

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TEACHING PHYSICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS BASED ON THE STATISTICAL METHOD

Khujanov Erkin B.

Abstract. 

The current paper suggests recommendations on introducing probability and statistical ideas and notions, necessary to improve teaching students molecular and quantum physics sections in secondary schools.

Keywords:

Statistical method, molecular physics, quantum physics, probability, random phenomenon, learning process, student, statistical regularity, atom, molecule.

P. 175-182

 

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PRINCIPLES OF PROFESSIONAL TRAINING IN TERMS OF PLEIN-AIR

Tyutyunova Yulia M.

Abstract. 

Professional training in the art of graphics in the open air has a strict logic and is subject to certain laws. This article is devoted to the General principles of the learning process in general and the identification of the basic principles of classes in the open air and short-term exercises in particular. Professional training in the open air is considered from the standpoint of a well-built and thoughtout system of students’ work organization. Alternating training and rest, the rhythm of the long-running and high-speed images, and a gradual complication of tasks and increase of meaning, the use of materials and bases – the entire system of lessons is aimed at achieving progress. Among the fundamental principles: consistency, consistency, regularity, taking into account individual characteristics, the relationship between theory and practice, visibility, strength, scientific character and  accessibility. In addition, the principles of professional training, learned by the student, according to the author, can subsequently organize their creative activities.

Keywords:

plein-air (open air), art of graphics, principles of performance of short-term exercises, professional training, etudes, sketches, sketches.

P. 183-193

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FEATURES OF RUSSIAN MUSICAL TERMINOLOGY IN THE CONTEXT OF TEACHING RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

Wang Wenjiao

Abstract. 

The article covers the features of Russian musical terminology as well as the scientific generalization; it also suggests methodological guidelines for effective teaching musical terminology to Chinese students of Russian.

Keywords:

features of Russian musical terminology, teaching Russian musical terminology, Russian as a foreign language, the nation-based teaching method of Russian. 

P. 194-198 

 

Young scientists' vision
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PEDAGOGICAL MATURING OF HOLY PATRIARCH OF MOSCOW AND ALL RUSSIA CYRIL

Moiseev Ivan V.

Abstract.

The given article outlines the main stages of the process of the personality development of His Holiness Patriarch Cyril as a teacher and Archpastor throughout the life and ministry of His Holiness at the Russian Orthodox Church.

Keywords:

pedagogy, upbringing, education, maturing, personality formation, Patriarch Cyril.

P. 199-204