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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 4-2023

CONTENTS

 

Philosophy 5.7

 

ONTOLOGY AND EPISTEMOLOGY

 

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INTERNAL SPEECH AS A PROTOTYPE OF HERMENEUTICAL SITUATIONS
(FROM THE PHILOSOPHICAL HERITAGE OF L. S. VYGOTSKY)

Scoliar Ju. N.                                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-11-18

Abstract. 

The article considers the theoretical and methodological analysis of internal speech conducted by L. S. Vygotsky. Internal speech is a mobile connection of a word and a thought, it is a factor mediating the transition of the thought to an external speech, and has specific features, the identification of which in the work contributes to the fullest understanding of the author-developed meaning.

Keywords

thinking, speech, a word, a thought, meaning, denotation, understanding, communication,
a dialogue
.

С. 11-18

   

HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY

  

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ECOSOPHY AND SOPHIOLOGY: ACTUALIZATION OF S. N. BULGAKOV’S ECONOMIC PHILOSOPHY

Romanov D. D.                                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-19-28

Abstract. 

The article explores the concept of ecosophy as a new field of knowledge about nature, society and man in its complementary openness for integration into the problems of other philosophical teachings, one of which is the sophiological tradition of the Russian philosophy. Related and identical semantic areas for ecosophy and sociology are identified in which it is necessary to conduct a critical analysis for the purpose of terminological, categorical and historical-philosophical clarification of this knowledge types basic institutions. To do this, the author proposes to rethink the main provisions of S. N. Bulgakov’s economical philosophy in their application to the modern socio-natural situation. The environmental philosophy, entering into interdisciplinary interaction with sophiology and economical philosophy, can solve a number of methodological problems of the anthropological and spiritual-moral type, which will allow it to achieve the integrity of the explanation of the situation and the projects of socio-natural interaction.

Keywords

ecosophy, deep ecology, sophiology, religious philosophy, philosophy of economy, S. N. Bulgakov, the ecoanthropological paradigm, an interdisciplinary approach.

С. 19-28

 

SOCIAL AND POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY

  

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THE VALUE-SEMANTIC CONTENT OF THE “SOCIAL STUDIES” COURSE

Ermolenko G. A., Kozhevnikov S. B.                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-29-36

Abstract. 

The article deals with the substantiation of the need for forming the concept of the development of the civic identity in Russia, the analysis of pedagogical methods for improving the effectiveness of forming the political consciousness of schoolchildren by means of education. From the analysis of the content of the concept of a political symbol, the authors pass over to formulating the priority areas for the analysis of educational literature on social studies and present the results of the examination of the content of textbooks on social studies published by the «Enlightenment» publishing house.

Keywords

all-Russian traditional values, social studies textbooks, the civic identity, patriotism, political consciousness, a political symbol, political education.

С. 29-36

 

 

Psychology 5.3

 

GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY, PERSONALITY PSYCHOLOGY, HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY

  

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THE PRACTICE OF KEEPING A REFLECTIVE DIARY AS A WAY TO WORK WITH STRESS BY STUDENTS

Galoy N. Yu.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-37-47

Abstract. 

The article presents the results of a longitudinal study of 148 students’ diaries organized in the form of a daily description of their emotional states and behavioral reactions in self-isolation during the coronavirus pandemic from 2020 to 2022. The theoretical analysis of the concepts of stress, coping and psychological practice of diary entries is given. The method of researching coping strategies by means of a reflexive diary is described. The theoretical and experimental substantiation of the effectiveness of the practice of keeping a reflective diary by students in order to manage stress in the conditions of the coronavirus pandemic is presented.

Keywords

a longitudinal study, a reflective diary, students, stress, coping strategies, coping.

С. 37-47

 

LABOR PSYCHOLOGY, ENGINEERING PSYCHOLOGY, COGNITIVE ERGONOMICS

  

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PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS THAT DETERMINE THE WORK EFFICACY OF TEACHERS OF SUPPLEMENTARY EDUCATION FOR CHILDREN

Zhukov V. Yu.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-48-57

Abstract. 

The article studies the psychological characteristics of teachers of supplementary education for children affecting their work efficacy. To conduct the research, the following empirical methods have been used: documentation analysis, observation, conversation, expert assessment, psychological testing, and statistical data analysis. According to the results of the study, the psychological characteristics of teachers of supplementary education for children have been revealed; they determine the work efficacy and include reflexivity, motivation, subjective control, volitional self-regulation, innovative readiness, sociability, communicative and organizational inclinations. The degree of severity of the studied psychological characteristics of teachers is established. The psychological profile of the teacher contributing to the work efficacy is determined. The results of the study can be used by practicing psychologists engaged in the selection, certification, training and development of teachers of supplementary education for children.

Keywords

teacher of supplementary education for children, work efficacy, psychological characteristics, activity assessment.

С. 48-57

 

PEDAGOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY, PSYCHODIAGNOSTICS OF DIGITAL EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENTS

  

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FACTORS OF MANIFESTATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF COGNITIVE INITIATIVE OF YOUNGER SCHOOLCHILDREN IN LESSONS

Prokhorenko E. O.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-58-69

Abstract. 

This article presents the structure and content of the cognitive initiative of younger schoolchildren in the context of psychological and pedagogical research. The considered indicators of the cognitive initiative of younger schoolchildren were obtained on the basis of observation conducted in natural conditions during the course of teaching activities and expert evaluation by teachers. A comparison of indicators of the manifestation of cognitive initiative in the course of the class activity was carried out, which made it possible to identify significant relationships between the components of cognitive initiative, as well as the consistency of the structure under study. Statistical processing of the results of the study made it possible to empirically confirm and theoretically substantiate the psychological correspondence of the content characteristics of the studied concept of «cognitive initiative» of younger schoolchildren.

Keywords

cognitive initiative, independence, a cognitive activity, a junior student, a psychological and pedagogical experiment, observation, the expert evaluation by the teacherя.

С. 58-69

  

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DYNAMICS OF MOTIVATIONAL DOMINANTS OF PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS IN THE PROCESS OF STUDYING THE DISCIPLINES OF THE PSYCHOLOGICAL CYCLE

Kiseleva T. B., Gorbenko I. A.                      DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-70-82

Abstract. 

The article analyzes the main theoretical approaches to the issue of studying and developing motivational dominants of educational and occupational activity in domestic and foreign literature. The results of an empirical study of pedagogical university undergraduates majoring in “Pedagogical Education” of various profiles and courses are presented: the preferences of first-, second- and fourth-year students related to their academic and occupational activities are considered; the dynamics of meaningful motivational dominants of future teachers in the process of studying the disciplines of the psychological cycle is shown.

Keywords

educational activity, educational and occupational activity, motivation of educational and occupational activity, motivational dominants, dynamics of motivational dominants.

С. 70-82

  

SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC PSYCHOLOGY

  

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SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF TRAINING VOLUNTEERS TO INTERACT WITH PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES

Vachkov I. V., Gukasova M. P.                       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-83-95

Abstract. 

The article presents the analysis of psychological research on the social and psychological characteristics of training volunteers who interact with people with disabilities. The definition of the concept of volunteering is given, the main professional and personal characteristics of a volunteer are revealed, the ways of their manifestation in the process of interaction are considered. The article presents the results of an empirical study aimed at identifying individual psychological characteristics of volunteering students, at assessing the level of self-determination in the process of interaction with persons with disabilities. Socio-psychological training is considered as a means of preparing volunteers to interact with people with disabilities.

Keywords

volunteering, interaction, peculiarities of interaction, training of volunteers, persons with disabilities с ОВЗ.

С. 83-95

 

 

Pedagogics 5.8 

    

THEORY OF EDUCATION

 

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FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE BIOGRAPHICAL METHOD OF RESEARCH IN THE SYSTEM OF HUMANISTIC KNOWLEDGE: FROM ANTINOMY TO MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS

Afanasyev V. V., Afanasiev I. V.,
Pavlenko A. A.
 
                                               
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-96-107

Abstract. 

The article presents the analysis of the role and significance of the biographical method within the framework of humanistic knowledge. The specificity of its scientific application is characterized by the presence of explanation procedures, as well as description and understanding, which altogether form a fundamental methodological antinomy, each component of which, synthesizing with its opposite, opens access to the study of an object from its various sides in the form of the multivariate analysis. In the material presented by the authors, the biographical method receives its coverage in a historical retrospective, which makes it possible to trace the stages of its emergence and conceptual development in the field of the humanities..

Keywords:

biography, the biographical method, the biographical narrative, description, explanation, understanding, positivism, organicism, hermeneutics, explanatory sociology, understanding sociology, antinomy, the multivariate analysis.

С. 96-107

 

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

 

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THE ROLE OF YAKUT TALES IN A CHILD’S UPBRINGING

Osipov E. F.                                                  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-108-116

Abstract. 

The article deals the educational aspect of the role of Yakut fairy tales in upbringing children, which notes an increase in interest in them as an important means of ethnopedagogy. In the course of writing this article, the works of political exiles were used, each of whom made a significant contribution to the study of the cultural characteristics of the Yakut people. Other important sources were essays on the Yakut folklore by G. U. Ergis. G. U. Ergis, a Yakut folklorist, linguist, ethnographer, and philosopher, proposed the following classification of Yakut fairy tales: animal tales, fairy tales and household tales. Developing this classification of genres, G. U. Ergis paid special attention to the study of a number of features of folk tales.
Based on the aforementioned works by researchers of the Yakut folklore, the article states the results of the analysis of the impact of folk tales on the formation of a child’s integral personality. At the end of the article, conclusions are drawn about the development of a theoretical and classification basis which will contribute to the further study of the educational aspect of the Yakut folklore. The information obtained will also be useful to parents and representatives of teaching staff in their practical activities.

Keywords:

Yakut fairy tales, Yakut folklore, traditional culture, fairy tales about animals, fairy tales, everyday fairy tales, a child’s upbringing.

С. 108-116

  

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THE IMPACT OF THE REFORM OF THE CONTENT OF GENERAL MATHEMATICAL EDUCATION IN THE 1970s ON THE RESULTS OF ENTRANCE EXAMS IN PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITIES

Boguslavsky M. V., Sadovnikov E. Yu.            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-117-125

Abstract. 

This article examines the impact of the reform of the content of school general mathematical education in the 1970s on the results of entrance examinations to pedagogical universities in 1977–1978. The results of the entrance tests to the full-time department of the Faculty of Mathematics of V. I. Lenin Moscow State Pedagogical Institute for the period of the late 1960s – early 1980s have been analyzed, and the connection of the results obtained with the reform of education has been also revealed. Information on the results of entrance examinations from other pedagogical universities for the period 1977–1978 is also considered.

Keywords:

reform of the basic general mathematical education, entrance examinations, V. I. Lenin Moscow State Pedagogical Institute, history of pedagogy and education.

С. 117-125

  

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VALUE ATTITUDE TO LIFE AS A DIRECTION OF UPBRINGING IN THE PEDAGOGICAL HERITAGE OF N. E. SCHURKOVA

Makarov M. V., Senchenkov N. P.,
Sukhaya N. V.
                                                   
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-126-133

Abstract. 

Change in the logic of modern upbringing, following the pedagogical tradition of N. E. Shchurkova, Professor, ScD in Education, appears to the author of the article through the appeal of the modern teacher to the value of life of the young. Pedagogical practices of this direction of upbringing are considered not only in the upbringing of secondary school students, but of the university students as well.

Keywords:

upbringing, value attitude, a basic value, life, a value object, vitality, love of life.

С. 126-133

  

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION

  

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STRATEGIES FOR ENSURING OF HIGHER EDUCATION ACCESSIBILITY FOR PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES

Brovkina A. V., Popova O. I.                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-134-146

Abstract.  

The article deals with the main problems of forming the strategy for the inclusive education development in higher education institutions. Based on the systematic approach and content analysis, the authors considered and described a comprehensive legislative framework for ensuring accessibility of higher education for people with disabilities, the main indicators and criteria for the university inclusive environment formation. Also, the authors gave characteristics to the main structural elements of the inclusive environment and identified the main options for the development of inclusive education strategy and their components. Based on the analysis of generalized data and taking into account practical experience, the authors propose an algorithm for working out a strategy for the development of inclusive education for higher education institutions, taking into account the specifics of a particular university, which includes the following main points: description of the accessibility potential of the university; monitoring/research; formation of the needs of the university; preliminary calculation of an effective economic model for the implementation of the strategy; implementation of a pilot project.

Keywords:

inclusive education, inclusive environment, strategy of the inclusive education development.

С. 134-146

   

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AN INTEGRATED APPROACH TO FORMING MOTOR PRAXIS IN CHILDREN WITH DYSARTHRIA

Lebedeva N. A.                                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-147-152

Abstract.  

The article discusses the features of the formation of motor praxis in children with dysarthria. The motor praxis in children of this category is characterized by slow, awkward, constrained, undifferentiated movements. The structure of speech disorders in dysarthria requires an integrated approach when diagnosing and implementing corrective measures. It is emphasized that children with dysarthria need a special system of work to overcome these disorders and the implementation of the integrated approach in the correctional and educational process.

Keywords:

dysarthria, motor praxis, an integrated approach, preschool children.

С. 147-152

 

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FEATURES OF TEACHERS’ LABOR MOTIVATION IN THE CONDITIONS OF INTEGRATION OF EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

Vyshivanaya E. N.                                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-153-162

Abstract.  

The article substantiates the issue of finding an effective motivation system for teaching staff in the conditions of reorganization of educational institutions by combining them into one educational cluster. The purpose of the study was to determine the motives that underlie the activities of the teaching staff against the background of integration. The objectives of this work consisted in theoretical and practical substantiation of the chosen diagnostics of the needs and motives of the employees of the reorganized institutions; identification of factors affecting their motivation; ranking of components within the structure of motivational work activity.
To solve the problems of the experiment, mathematical and statistical methods, comparative analysis and generalization of materials, study of documents, survey, questionnaire and methods of processing and interpretation of the data obtained were used. As the result of the study, the relevance and effectiveness of diagnostics of internal, external positive and external negative motivations are substantiated. The prospects for further research are related to the specification of ways to implement the presented motives and to develop methodological recommendations for their practical application when managing educational clusters.

Keywords:

an educational cluster, teachers, hierarchy of motivational preferences, motives of activity, needs.

С. 153-162

  

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THE METHOD OF MILITARY-HISTORICAL RECONSTRUCTION IN THE ART EDUCATION OF THE PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITY

Suzdaltsev E. L.                                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-163-180

Abstract.  

To create artistic works on a historical topic, it is not enough to be artists for art students at pedagogical universities. They need to be able to conduct research, the results of which will allow them to perform work that will not only increase the degree of professional competence of the author, but also help to acquire artistic and educational value for the viewer. For these aims, the author, as a Professor at the State University of Education, proposes to use the method of military-historical reconstruction. In order to test this method, the faculty organized work on the implementation of the educational project “Neuchâtel Battalion in the Battle of Krasnoy on November 17, 1812” which includes several stages of joint work of teachers and students. In the course of the work, students develop competencies that allow them to perform artwork on a given topic in the traditions of the Russian classical battle painting school. The generalized experience of using the method of military-historical reconstruction in teaching students the basics of historical painting was reflected in the developed manual on the uniform of the armies of the early 19th century. This method can be recommended for use in the educational process at other university faculties as well during research work, enriching its theoretical part with the creative one.

Keywords:

the method of military-historical reconstruction, art education, historical and battle painting, the Patriotic War of 1812, Neuchâtel Battalion, the all-Russian public organization “Clubs for the Historical Reconstruction of Russia”, State University of Education.

С. 163-180

  

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THE MAIN STAGES OF TEACHING SPEECH ACTIVITY OF AZERBAIJANI SCHOOL STUDENTS WITHIN THE COURSE OF THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE STUDY

Abbasova S. Z.                                              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-181-189

Abstract.  

The Russian language teaching in Azerbaijani schools is aimed at making Russian the second native language of students’, to turn it into a means of communication. It is clear therefore that speech activity serves primarily the implementation of the main task: practical mastery of the Russian language. To make Russian lessons in the Azerbaijani school a truly effective means of teaching the Russian language, it is necessary to clarify with sufficient accuracy the possibilities and limits of each method and technique aimed at mastering the skills of speech communication, the purpose and conditions of its application, the internal pressure that the student is able to withstand.
The article discusses the main stages of teaching speech activity to Azerbaijani school students when learning Russian. It is noted that the theory of the development of speech communication for students of Azerbaijani schools should be built in several stages. The eight stages considered in the article comprise various methods, means of achieving students’ verbal communication, with the help of which the respondents should master the skills of oral communication in Russian.

Keywords:

the Russian language, Azerbaijani school, speech activity, oral speech, communication orientation of speech.

С. 181-189

  

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION

 

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CASE STUDY OF IMPLEMENTING PROJECT ACTIVITIES IN THE HUMANITIES TEACHING AT A TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY

Zarovnyaeva S. S., Shagdarova T. V.                  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-190-199

Abstract.  

The article deals with the experience of applying the project technology in the educational process at the university. The authors describe the structure of the project work, identify ways to involve students into them. The implementation of the project to create a multilingual terminological thesaurus-type dictionary for the “Oil and Gas Business” training program and the creative project for organizing extracurricular activities in the “Fundamentals of Project Activities” subject have been analyzed. The authors emphasize the fact that project activities form the students’ ability to learn, as well as their self-awareness, self-determination and self-realization.

Keywords:

project activities, a science project, a creative project, motivation, an educational process, a technical university.

С. 190-199

 

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THE STRUCTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL MODEL OF THE METHODOLOGICAL SYSTEM OF BLENDED LEARNING IN THE ASPECT OF MANAGERIAL INTERACTION

Manyakhina V. G.                                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-200-214

Abstract.  

The digital transformation of education makes significant changes in the educational environment and influences the pedagogical system which, in fact, becomes a blended learning system. In blended learning, there is a strong emphasis on personalization, which involves a greater degree of self-management on the part of the learner. In this regard, the article deals with issues related to the management and manageability of a blended learning system. Based on the theory of evolutionary systems, simplified mechanisms of functioning (archetypes) of learning are considered that describe the interaction between the management of an educational institution and the student, the interaction of the teacher and the student, and the interaction of the student and the digital educational environment, and a complex mechanism of blended learning is built which is a composition of the listed learning archetypes. The article also discusses the relationship between the complex mechanism and the structural-functional model of blended learning and describes the levels of management of the pedagogical system of blended learning.

Keywords:

blended learning, management of the pedagogical system, an integrated adaptive mechanism of blended learning, digital educational environment, levels of management of the blended learning system.

С. 200-214

 

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MOBILE LEARNING OF RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE:
A REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATIONS

Ryabokoneva O. V., Strelchuk E. N.              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-215-225

Abstract.  

In language education, information and communication technologies are widely used. One of the most promising areas in teaching foreign languages, including Russian as a foreign language (RFL), is the use of mobile devices. The present study aimed to analyze the publications by Russian scientists on the problem of mobile learning of Russian as a foreign language over the past five years and to identify the current directions of these studies using a statistical method based on a bibliometric analysis, as well as theoretical methods of analysis, synthesis and generalization. The sources of information were the titles, keywords and abstracts of scientific papers presented on the eLibrary.Ru platform. A word cloud was compiled with the use of the Voyant Tools web service. The conducted bibliometric analysis revealed a significant increase in the number of publications on the problem of mobile learning of Russian as a foreign language, however, most of them do not show depth of research and are superficial. It has been determined that the most relevant direction in the methodology of teaching Russian as a foreign language is the use of mobile applications in the educational process. It is proved that the term “mobile learning” is not a well-established and commonly used concept, synonyms are used in the titles of the articles. To date, the direction associated with the mobile learning of Russian as a foreign language remains an open field of activity both in practical and theoretical aspects.

Keywords:

mobile learning, Russian as a foreign language, mobile applications, a statistical method, a bibliometric analysis, informatization of education.

С. 215-225

 

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A CREATIVE THINKING METHOD OF RECREATIVE IMAGINATION FORM DEVELOPMENT WHEN TEACHING A FOREIGN LANGUAGE SPEAKING IN AN AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Bukovsky S. L.                                          DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-226-234

Abstract.  

The present article deals with the analysis and development of the creative way of shaping the recreative form of imagination when producing an utterance in a foreign language within the framework of an agrarian higher education institution. The article analyzes the teaching of speaking in a non-linguistc university. The author of the article has developed a course of teaching oral foreign language speech to students, who major in agriculture, with the use of a creativity-oriented teaching methodology.
The author of the article presents the methodological algorithm of techniques on the part of the teacher and trainees at the foreign language lessons connected with the technology of development of the recreative form of imagination. The methodological algorithm highlights the possibilities of using creative thinking in practice. The algorithm is designed to develop the skills of oral occupational communication in the agrarian higher education institution in the most optimal way.
The present article is an attempt to develop an original technology based on the consideration of the creative way of developing the recreative form of imagination as a means and technology of teaching the oral foreign language speech as a basic methodological category and its implementation in the process of a foreign language teaching in a non-linguistic university. The teaching model presented by the author of the article can be applied in the process of teaching a foreign language speaking to students of agrarian universities.

Keywords:

creativity-oriented teaching, a recreative form of imagination, creative thinking, a teaching technology, occupational communication, an agrarian training area, a non-linguistic university.

С. 226-234

 

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IMPROVEMENT OF THE METHODOLOGY OF TEACHING SECTIONS OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS ON THE BASIS OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES

Yusupov D. A.                                             DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-235-244

Abstract.  

This work proposes an improved methodology for teaching sections of nuclear physics with the use of computer technology, based on modern scientific achievements and innovative technologies. The results of experimental works presented in the article show that the use of innovative technologies in the form of visual demonstration tools effectively form the modern scientific worldview of students. Also, based on the analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of all types of energy sources, an analytical table is presented, which shows the priority of modern nuclear energy sources and their high safety level.

Keywords:

modern technological devices, mass and energy, computer science, innovative technologies, an electronic program, a textbook, animation, slides, nuclear processes, reactions, radiation, nuclear fission, neutrons, radionuclide hazard, environmental sustainability, nuclear reactors, energy sources, a sustainable energy supply, an analytical table, energy of the future, the experimental verification.

С. 245-244

 

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APPLICATION OF THE GALE – SHAPLEY ALGORITHM TO DETERMINE THE HIGHEST PRIORITY OF ENROLLEES IN THE 2023 ADMISSIONS CAMPAIGN

Baryshnikova N. Yu.                               DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-245-258

Abstract.  

The article considers changes in terms of the procedure for organizing and conducting admission to training in educational programs of higher education – bachelor’s programs, specialty programs, master’s programs for the academic year of 2023–2024. The main innovation of the future admission campaign is the enrollment of applicants based on priorities. By prioritization, the applicant demonstrates their desire to be enrolled in specific fields of study in a specific order. Having analyzed the need to use an algorithm that allows setting the order of setting higher priorities, the Gale – Shapley algorithm and its application were considered, in particular, the possibility of using it to account for enrollees. It is concluded that the Gale-Shapley algorithm can be used by educational organizations of higher education when conducting the 2023 admissions campaign.

Keywords:

higher education, selection committee, enrollee, priority, enrollment, the Gale – Shapley algorithm, stable matchings.

С. 245-258

 

 

YOUNG SCIENTISTS’ VISION

 

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FOREIGN LANGUAGE ADAPTATION TRAINING IN THE CATEGORIES OF THE “ORDER OF GOALS” METHOD

Markova N. A.                                           DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-259-271

Abstract.  

The article notes the lack of attention of the scientific community to the systematic organization of the process which allows filling the educational gaps of the basic level in the “Foreign language” discipline in a technical university. Adaptation training provides a sufficient formation degree of the basic level of first-year student’s language training. In order to determine the direction of its development, it is important to identify the factors and specify the conditions which guarantee readiness of the student to continue studying the discipline in senior courses. With the means of the “Order of goals” method of the categorical-system methodology, a theoretical model of adaptation foreign language training in a technical university has been developed. The purpose of the study is to identify the components of the adaptation learning system that will reflect its qualitative certainty; to build a system of goals that arise from the identified components in the process of evolving, as well as to identify possible contradictions between them. The proposed options for resolving contradictions will help build an effective management model, which will contribute to the optimization of the educational process for adaptation programs at the university.

Keywords:

adaptation training, a basic level of language training, a technical university, system of goals, resolution of contradictions, the “Order of goals” method.

С. 259-271