ВЫПУСКИ ЖУРНАЛА

ВЫПУСКИ ЖУРНАЛА (106)

Sunday, 24 March 2024 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2024 № 1

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 1-2024

CONTENTS

 

Philosophy 5.7

 

SOCIAL AND POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY

  

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ON THE CONTEMPORARY RUSSIAN SOCIETY, EDUCATION AND UPBRINGING (PHILOSOPHICAL ASPECT)

Levikova S. I.                                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2024-1-11-20

Abstract. 

The article notes that there are two main models of the society development: evolutionary and revolutionary. Within the framework of the evolutionary model, peculiar to China, preference is given to the natural course of the society development. Within the framework of the revolutionary model, peculiar to the development of Western society (Europe, the USA, etc.), changes occur in leaps and bounds through the actual destruction of what was previously developed. Russia, being geographically located between the West and the East, not only tends to the Western model of the society development, but also adopts a lot, sometimes not peculiar to it, from Western countries, which has found a vivid manifestation, including in the post-Soviet reform of Russian education and upbringing systems. However, back in the XIX century, the Russian philosopher Nikolai Yakovlevich Danilevsky warned about the dangers that lie in wait for a country that is not going its own way.

Keywords

society, model of the society development, Russia, China, Europe, the education system, the upbringing system, Nikolay Yakovlevich Danilevsky, the individualistic-egoistic model of behavior, reform.

С. 11-20

 

 

Psychology 5.3

 

GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY, PERSONALITY PSYCHOLOGY, HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY

   

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THE RELATIONSHIP OF TYPES OF AGGRESSION WITH THE MECHANISMS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DEFENSE IN YOUNG MEN

Gladyshev Yu. V.                                                      DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2024-1-21-29

Abstract. 

The article presents the results of a study of the correlation of psychological defense mechanisms with types of aggression in male 1st year students. The Bass – Darkey questionnaire helped to determine aggressiveness. The Plutchek – Kellerman – Conte Life Style Index (LSI) questionnaire was used to study psychological defenses. In the process of data processing, the statistical package “SSPS Statistics 20” was used. Each type of psychological defense was ranked into three groups (low, medium and high), and the relationship between ranks and types of aggression was analyzed with the use of the nonparametric Kraskel – Wallis criterion. The result of the study (the Mann – Whitney U-test) showed that the higher the level of a certain psychological defense, the higher the severity of a particular type of aggression.

Keywords

aggression, aggressiveness, the psychological defense, the analysis of variance.

С. 21-29

  

PEDAGOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY, PSYCHODIAGNOSTICS OF DIGITAL EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENTS

  

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FEATURES OF THE RELATIONSHIP OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND SOCIAL INTEREST IN VOLUNTEERS WITH DIFFERENT VOLUNTEER EXPERIENCE

Ilyina O. I., Milarovell Casini.                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2024-1-30-46

Abstract. 

The article presents the results of a study of the relationship between the social interest and emotional intelligence of volunteers, studying at FEFU, with different experience in volunteering. Considering the social interest and emotional intelligence as components of the motivational and operational readiness for volunteering, the authors come to the conclusion that the indicators of these components are determined by the quantitative and content characteristics of volunteer experience. The results of the empirical study show that not only volunteers differ from non-volunteers in the level of emotional intelligence, social interest and have a meaningful difference in the correlation profiles between these components, but it is also possible to single out subgroups within the volunteer group that will differ in the same indicators and have substantially different correlation profiles if these subgroups are singled out on the basis of experience in solving certain tasks and the number of projects.

Keywords

social interest, emotional interest, volunteering, experience, readiness, motivational and operational components, the correlation profile.

С. 30-46

 

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THE INTERRELATION OF THE INDIVIDUAL STYLE OF PEDAGOGICAL ACTIVITY AND PSYCHOLOGICAL DIFFICULTIES OF TEACHERS IN INCLUSIVE EDUCATION

Gorbenko I. A., Kiseleva T. B.,
Krajnova Ju. N. 
                                               
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2024-1-47-57

Abstract. 

With the expansion of inclusive education, there is a growing need to understand the problems faced by teachers. One of the main factors influencing the effectiveness of the pedagogical activity is the individual style of pedagogical activity. The article reveals the relationship between the individual style of pedagogical activity and the psychological difficulties of teachers in inclusive education; the influence of the individual style of pedagogical activity on the ability of a teacher to adapt to the peculiarities of teaching children with disabilities is considered.

Keywords

inclusive education, the individual style of pedagogical activity, psychological difficulties, the effectiveness of pedagogical activity.

С. 47-57

 

 

Pedagogics 5.8

    

THEORY OF EDUCATION

     

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PEDAGOGICAL MODELS: CLASSIFICATION AND FEATURES

Pisarenko V. I.                                                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2024-1-58-76

Abstract. 

The given work examines the issue of simulation in the pedagogical science. The interdisciplinary nature of simulation is considered, examples of models in various humanitarian areas of life are given. The author suggests a classification of pedagogical models and considers their types. The author’s definitions of various types of models are proposed. Special attention is paid to the visual side of pedagogical models of various types, templates for the development of models are suggested. The requirements for pedagogical models, based on the uniqueness of pedagogical models, are formulated.

Keywords:

model, simulation, the interdisciplinary nature of simulation, classification of models.

С. 58-76

  

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THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF CREATING A SITUATION OF SUCCESS IN THE EDUCATIONAL PRACTICE OF THE UNIVERSITY

Andreeva Yu. V.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2024-1-77-86

Abstract. 

The article deals with the classical theoretical and methodological foundations of the issue of creating a situation of success in the educational practice of the university at the present stage of the development of pedagogy. The article defines the relevance and necessity of providing opportunities for successful study at a university. The purpose of the article is to determine the theoretical and methodological foundations for creating a situation of success in educational activities by analyzing, comparing and summarizing the latest ideas, technologies and techniques for creating a situation of success with the classical methods already available in this field, as well as with the technology presented by the author based on her own conclusions and interpretations.

The issue of creating a situation of success in the university educational practice at the present stage of the development of pedagogy is considered in the philosophical and pedagogical aspects. The essence of the phenomenon of “success situation” is considered in detail. Classical definitions of the situation of success as a complex contradictory phenomenon and pedagogical concept are given. This article reveals the technique of modeling the educational practice, the conditions for the effective application of the situation of success and participation in this process of a modern teacher. The main types of success, its main characteristics, including “success-recognition”, “success-overcoming”, are also presented.

Keywords:

success, a success situation, a university educational practice, pedagogy.

С. 77-86

 

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DEVELOPING THE CONSCIENTIOUSNESS OF A SCIENTIST: COORDINATION OF THEORY AND PRACTICE WHEN EDUCATING HIGHLY QUALIFIED PERSONNEL

Biricheva E. V.                                                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2024-1-87-100

Abstract. 

Contemporary challenges tend to raise new questions about the researchers’ conscientiousness and about the ways of developing it in young scientists. In this regard, the article systematizes ethical aspects of scientific research and manifestations of the researchers’ conscientiousness; it also suggests effective methods for teaching postgraduate students aimed at developing a conscious, responsible approach to their professional activities. The article suggests to consider ethical dilemmas from different points of view: utilitarianism, aretology, deontology. Conscientiousness appears to be understood as an ability for “inner dialogue”, on the basis of which a person strives for the maximum harmonization of him-/herself and the world in the horizon of the possible. The choice of the best, therefore, seems not to have pre-made schemes, it involves “trying on” each-time-unique situation using critical and creative thinking. Thus, development of the conscientiousness of a scientist may be built on the material of experience, reflection and self-sustained solution of certain situations (from the history of science and modeled). Hence, it is advisable to use problem-based learning methods, game technologies and case studies, the methodological designs and examples of which are also briefly presented in this article.

Keywords:

conscientiousness, conscience, ethics of science, scientific ethos, responsibility of a scientist, a case study, game pedagogical technologies, problem-based learning, postgraduate studies.

С. 87-100

  

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PERSONNEL TRAINING FOR AN ENTERPRISE: DESIGN OF THE DEFINITION

Karelova R. A.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2024-1-101-115

Abstract. 

The article presents the results of the study that aimed at constructing the concept of “personnel training”. The work tasks were to substantiate the terms applied when constructing the concept and to highlight the content of the concept under study. The main methods of theoretical substantiation the work tasks were the method of formal-logical defining the concept and the content-analysis. The research made it possible to establish a correlation of such terms as “personnel”, “staff”, “skilled personnel”, and “specialists”. The relation between the term “personnel” and the enterprise (or the economic sector) where they are employed was also emphasized. The necessary and sufficient conditions were articulated for singling out a class of objects in vocational training related to the “personnel training for a [specific] enterprise.

Keywords:

personnel training, staff, vocational training, vocational education, occupational training, coaching, skilled personnel.

С. 101-115

 

 

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

  

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TEACHER'S CONGRESSES IN THE DESIGN OF THE PEDAGOGICAL COMMUNITY OF RUSSIA (SECOND HALF OF THE XIXTH – EARLY XXTH CENTURIES)

Churkina N. I.                                                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2024-1-116-126

Abstract. 

In the article, based on the analysis of a complex of historical sources – research materials, newspaper articles and reviews of the pedagogical press of 1860–1900 – and the stated theoretical framework of the study (the theory of the development of professional communities), it is concluded that teachers’ congresses were a condition for the transformation of a professional group into a pedagogical community, which characterizes the signs of the group’s social maturity. Their dynamics and degree of manifestation made it possible to single out three periods in the pre-revolutionary history of the Russian teachers’ congresses.

Keywords:

teachers’ congresses, a pedagogical community, social maturity of the group, a professional group, history of education.

С. 116-126

   

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THE GENESIS OF THE TEST METHOD IN THE DOMESTIC SCHOOL (THE CASE STUDY OF NATURAL SCIENCE EDUCATION)

Mirenkova E. V.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2024-1-127-138

Abstract. 

The article substantiates the relevance of the appeal to the history of the genesis of the test method in the domestic school. Based on the conducted historiographical analysis, it is shown how the test method appeared and was developed abroad, then began to spread in Russia. A brief description of the functioning of schools from the beginning of the twentieth century to the second half of the 1960s is given in connection with the educational policy of the state, the state of assessment and control of students’ knowledge, the use of tests. During this period, three stages in the development of testing are clearly distinguished. From the beginning of the twentieth century to 1935 – the stage of formation and active use of tests. The second stage – from 1936 to the early 1960s. This is the stage of denial of tests and stagnation in testing. Since the beginning of the 1960s, the stage of active revival of the test method has begun.

Keywords:

the test method, the historiographical analysis, the natural-science education, using the test method from the beginning of the twentieth century to the 1960s.

С. 127-138

 

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ORGANIZATION OF EDUCATIONAL WORK IN THE SYSTEM OF VOCATIONAL EDUCATION DURING THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR (BASED ON THE MATERIALS OF THE LOWER VOLGA REGION)

Drachikov F. V.                                                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2024-1-139-151

Abstract. 

The article considers the system of educational work during the Great Patriotic War in the schools of factory training, craft and railway schools, specialized craft schools of the Lower Volga region of the labor reserve system. The author highlights the directions of the educational work in educational institutions of the Lower Volga region in 1941–1945, the means of educating students of the vocational education system, the educational functions of employees and management bodies of various levels.

Keywords:

educational system, labor reserves, vocational education, The Great Patriotic War, a pre-service worker.

С. 139-151

 

     

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION

  

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MORAL EDUCATION OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN BY MEANS OF A FOLKTALE

Kirkina E. N., Shchemerova N. N.,
Taraskina O. I.      
                                         
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2024-1-152-158

Abstract.  

The scientific article defines the possibilities and potential of using the works of oral folk art, folktales in particular in the moral education of preschool children. The results of the authors’ analysis of the features of tales of different nations are presented. The technologies of using folktales in the educational process of preschool educational institutions are considered. For a comparative analysis of folktales in kindergarten, the technology of critical thinking (building a cluster or “fishbone”, creating a cinquain or “diamond”, a “basket of ideas” or a “tree of predictions”) is proposed. The authors outline the requirements for the professional readiness of a teacher for the ethno-cultural education of preschool children.

Keywords:

moral education, folk pedagogy, preschool education, a folk tale, folk art.

С. 152-158

   

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TYPES OF SPECIALIZED CLASSES FOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS FOCUSED ON THE STUDY OF COMPUTER SCIENCE AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

Abramova I. V., Shilova Z. V.                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2024-1-159-167

Abstract.  

The relevance of the study is due to the fact that, currently, computers and information technologies are used in almost all social spheres. The article discusses the possibilities and tools of computer science that are necessary for working in different professions. The given article deals with solving the following problem: what the subject oriented courses for high school students focused on the study of computer science and information technology should be. The subject oriented courses developed by the authors allow high school students of different vocational incline to improve their computer and information literacy. As indicators of the effectiveness of the developed types of specialized courses, it is the development in schoolchildren of the level of a confident computer and information technology user in accordance with the planned vocational direction.

Keywords:

subject oriented instruction, differentiation of training, subject oriented differentiation of computer science, the computer use level, professional information technologies.

С. 159-167

 

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RISKS OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF JOINT EDUCATIONAL BACHELOR PROGRAMS FOR FINE ARTS TEACHERS TRAINING IN RUSSIA AND CHINA

Zubrilin K. M.                                        DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2024-1-168-180

Abstract.  

The article explores the problems and difficulties of introducing joint educational programs for training teachers of fine arts in Russia and China. One of the risks is the difference between the cultural and educational systems of the two countries, which can create difficulties for adaptation and mutual understanding. Another risk is the language barrier and lack of communication, which can be overcome through additional language training and cultural programs. The article also discusses the financial risks associated with the implementation of joint programs and recommends the development of stable and flexible financial models. In conclusion, the article emphasizes the importance of taking into account and overcoming risks in order to create effective programs and develop intercultural cooperation.

Keywords:

joint educational programs, risks, training of fine arts teachers.

С. 168-180

  

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TRANSFORMATIONAL CHANGES IN THE PERSONALITY OF STUDENTS – PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS AS THE BASIS OF THE SYSTEM OF VOCATIONAL EDUCATION

Toma Zh. V.                                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2024-1-181-190

Abstract.  

The relevance of the article is due to the key aspects of the vocational education of pre-service teachers based on the analysis of the characteristics of the transformation of the students’ personality during their studies at the university. Theoretical and methodological basis for assessing the ways of vocational education were the works in the fields of pedagogy, psychology, and sociology. The purpose of the article is due to clarifying the mechanisms of vocational education of students, which determine the ongoing changes in the personality of students from the level of “a student” to the level of “a teacher-to-be”. As a significant factor, the orientation of students as pre-service teachers to the student through the reflection of his/her personality is indicated. The way of vocational education of students is proposed, it develops in the triad: a student as a student → a student as a teacher-to-be → a pre-service teacher, reflecting via students. As a solution, the process of vocational education is considered, which combines the main aspects of student life and reveals to each of them the possibilities for forming the professional potential of the pre-service teacher’s personality, based on students’ reflection of the personality of their potential students.

Keywords:

vocational education, students, pre-service teachers, educational activity, university.

С. 181-190

  

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HOW TO WIN PEDAGOGICAL CONTESTS (FROM PERSONAL CREATIVITY TO THE COLLECTIVE PROFILE)

Lobanov V. V.                                               DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2024-1-191-204

Abstract.  

The article comprehends scientifically the tradition of holding educational skills competition which are a means of personal and professional development of employees of the education system. Assessing the speeches of the participants in the contests “Teacher of the Year”, “Educator-Mentor”, “First Steps in the Profession” and “I Give My Heart to Children” and the subsequent expert analysis made it possible to establish that the dynamics of points depends both on a narrow range of identical indicators included in various criteria in different contests, and on the formal adherence to the requirements of the regulations by educators. The first dependence is noticeable in the field of communication, presentation support, theoretical and methodological base of judgments of the contestants. The second dependence illustrates the panel’s desire to justify the points being awarded. It is found out that the increase in the effectiveness of educators’ participation in professional contests requires the emergence of a specialized collective in the educational institution. This group is understood as a creative association of contestants and representatives of the “support group” with the necessary skills and knowledge. At the same time, the possibility of self-realization of all participants in the desired types of labor is the key to the effectiveness of the collective. Also, the administration of the institution must support their work. The accumulation and comprehension of experience in accompanying and supporting the competitive activity of colleagues should bring new employees of the institution into the ranks of contestants. The creative nature of preparation for contests creates the prerequisites for art-pedagogic changes in the teacher’s day-to-day work.

Keywords:

a professional contest for educators, preparation for pedagogical contests, the creative activity of an educators, pedagogical expertise, a pedagogical collective, art pedagogy, “Teacher of the Year”, “Educator-mentor”, “I give my heart to children.

С. 191-204

  

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION

 

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IMPROVING INFORMATION AND INTELLECTUAL ACTIVITY IN THE DIGITAL EDUCATIONAL SPACE

Noskova T. N.                                                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2024-1-205-218

Abstract.  

The challenges of the digital economy, the digitalization of education cause immersion in the digital space of various types of activities. With the rapidly developing artificial intelligence tools, new requirements for the culture of mental labor, information and intellectual activity of a today’s specialist are being formed. It is justified that the achievement of a higher quality of information and intellectual activity requires interrelated changes in all components of students’ activities: both in setting goals and in the means of its implementation; under certain conditions this can lead to better results. A new goal in the digital interaction space is to create an intelligent design environment for the student to solve a problem in the context of using big data, a high degree of uncertainty, and the need to take into account many factors. The solution of the problem uses an expanded range of means of activity: digital technologies for working with information; the means of natural and artificial intelligence. Changes in the nature of mental actions in the new conditions of solving the problem, when using artificial intelligence tools, are revealed. The new qualitative results of solving complex multidimensional information problems in the digital space include, firstly, the adaptation of the subject to the new digital conditions of future professional activity, which requires significant changes in information and intellectual activity. Secondly, if a number of conditions are met, the information and intellectual activity of the subject can be carried out at a higher qualitative level due to the strengthening of natural intelligence by the capabilities of intelligent algorithms. Thirdly, with the manifestation of intellectual courage, and creativity, information and intellectual activity will allow the subject to find extraordinary solutions or carry out the setting of new tasks as the basis of start-ups that contribute to the effective professionalization of students.

Keywords:

information and intellectual activity, artificial intelligence, digitalization of education, vocational training.

С. 205-218

 

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EVALUATION OF INFORMATION RESOURCES USED IN TEACHING PROGRAMMING

Taranukha S. N., Fomina I. K.,
Korobova K. I. Chuikova A. M.
                  
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2024-1-219-235

Abstract.  

The study proposes a methodology for assessing the quality of information resources used in the study of programming languages. The methodology is based on factor analysis, which is based on the analysis of the usefulness of information used by students of information resources in the study of information technology. A comparative analysis of these resources and their capabilities in the development of the graduates’ competencies demanded by the professional business community is carried out.

Keywords:

information resources, information technologies, quality assessment, education, a multivariate correlation and regression analysis.

С. 219-235

 

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N. P. GUZIK’s COMBINED SYSTEM OF TEACHING CHEMISTRY AS A RETRO-INNOVATION IN CHEMICAL EDUCATION

Goncharov M. A., Polupanenko E. G.,
Yurchenko V. S.
                                               
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2024-1-236-246

Abstract.  

The article examines the pedagogical heritage of Nikolay Petrovich Guzik – an outstanding teacher-innovator of domestic chemical education and the author of a student-oriented combined system of teaching chemistry. N. P. Guzik’s key pedagogical ideas are presented. The historical and pedagogical significance of these ideas for improving modern chemical education are emphasized.

Keywords:

Nikolay Petrovich Guzik, a lecture-seminar system, the personality-oriented combined training system; retro-innovations in the chemical education.

С. 236-246

 

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THE CASE STUDY OF ORGANIZING PROJECT ACTIVITIES OF STUDENTS WITHIN THE “ELECTRONIC AND DIGITAL EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES” COURSE

Nikulova G. A.                                       DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2024-1-247-264

Abstract.  

The given paper describes a pilot project for organizing student project activities at a pedagogical university to create electronic and digital educational resources based on Web technologies. The principles and requirements for project activities are analyzed. A learning model, pedagogical design and contents of the main stages of the individual project activity with components of teamwork have been developed. This approach was tested in the “Electronic and Digital Educational Resources” (EDER) course for the 4th-year undergraduate students of Lipetsk State Pedagogical University. The development of the EDER is iterative in nature, using the tools of brainstorming and reflection, as well as the collective review. Examples of project activities at individual stages are given. The conclusion is made about the positive impact of the project method on the motivation of students to form professional competencies in the context of digitalization of education.

Keywords:

the project method, student project activities, design stages, electronic and digital resources.

С. 247-264

 

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A LINGUOCULTUROLOGICAL CHARACTERISTIC – TECHNOLOGY OF DECODING CULTURAL MEANINGS IN THE PROCESS OF LANGUAGE LEARNING

Levushkina O. N.                                DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2024-1-265-274

Abstract.  

This article solves the problem of the implementation of the linguoculturological aspect in the process of a language teaching, namely, teaching how to decode the cultural meanings of the language. To do this, the author considers theoretical issues: she relies on the concepts of a linguistic persona and cultural meaning, analyzes and compares the functional levels of perception of meaning, formulated in psycholinguistics, and the levels of cultural consciousness, developed in linguocultural studies. To substantiate the practical solution of the indicated problem, the definitions of the concepts of a linguoculturological analysis and a linguoculturological characteristic are separated. The linguoculturological analysis is defined primarily as a tool of linguocultural studies, while the linguoculturological characteristic – as a tool of the methodological science, the use of the latter is aimed at forming the students’ linguistic persona. The stages of linguistic and cultural characteristics of the language are formulated, a universalized definition of this concept is given. The logic of the linguoculturological characteristic is correlated with the functional levels of perception of meaning (I. A. Zimnaya), with the levels of cultural consciousness (N. F. Alefirenko), as the result of which it is proved that the linguoculturological characteristic of a language is based on psychological, mental and speech mechanisms of consciousness and, in the process of a language learning, allows teaching the identification, comprehension, formulation and internalization of cultural meanings contained in the language.

Keywords:

teaching the Russian language, linguocultural studies, a linguoculturological aspect, cultural meaning, a linguoculturological characteristic, the linguoculturological analysis, the technology of decoding cultural meanings.

С. 265-274

  

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PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS FOR FORMING STUDENTS’ SKILLS OF PERFORMING A COMPOSITE PORTRAIT

Vardanyan V. A., Karpushina L. P.,
Kurchaviy A. A.
                                         
DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2024-1-275-288

Abstract.  

The article aims at identifying scientifically based pedagogical conditions that contribute to the effective formation of compositional portrait skills in the classes of easel composition in students of the children art school. The main methods are the following: theoretical (analysis of scientific sources and experience of pedagogical activity, modeling the criteria for assessing the skills of performing a composite portrait and designing a program for their formation), empirical (testing, pedagogical observation, evaluation of products of the artistic and creative activity) and methods of mathematical processing of the obtained data. The authors create and substantiate a structural and functional model of the basic skills that are necessary for students in solving various aspects of the tasks of performing a composite portrait (mental, activity, empathic, emotional). Besides the authors determine the criteria for evaluating the skills under study, correlated with each of the selected aspects, and substantiate the gradations of the levels of these skills formation.

Keywords:

pedagogical conditions, a composite portrait, readiness, skill, the aspect of the skills of performing a composite portrait, a structural and functional model.

С. 275-288

   

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PROJECT ACTIVITY IN PATRIOTIC EDUCATION OF PRESCHOOLERS

Sabodash O. A.                                           DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2024-1-289-298

Abstract.  

The given article discusses the project activity as one of the effective forms of patriotic education of preschoolers. The issue of patriotism cultivation, its purpose and features are analyzed. The importance of the project activity in the patriotism development in preschoolers in a preschool educational organization is considered, as well as a pedagogical project – as a didactic tool that allows one to teach design. The stages of the project development, its types and tasks are consecrated.

Keywords:

a project, the project activity, patriotism, patriotic education, a preschooler, a pedagogical project, design.

С. 289-298

  

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MODEL OF FORMATION OF JUNIOR SCHOOLCHILDREN’S READINESS TO ACT IN EMERGENCY SITUATIONS

Botov K. A.                                                DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2024-1-299-305

Abstract.  

The article deals with the model of formation of junior schoolchildren’s readiness to act in emergency situations. This model includes the following components: target, content, procedural, diagnostic, evaluative, corrective. These components are characterized accordingly. The target component implies readiness of junior schoolchildren for actions in emergency situations. The structure of the content component includes knowledge, skills, the experience of emotionally valuable relations and the creative activity. We see the procedural component as an integral part of the model of readiness of junior schoolchildren to act in emergency situations. It includes forms, methods and means. The diagnostic component consists of checking junior schoolchildren’s knowledge of readiness to act in emergency situations. The evaluative component allows one to assess the level of readiness of junior schoolchildren to act in emergency situations on the basis of the results of theoretical and practical lessons. The corrective component is a system of adjusting the components that need improvement.

Keywords:

a secondary school, a junior schoolchild, the model of readiness formation, emergency situations, readiness to act in emergency situations.

С. 299-305

 

 

 

Sunday, 14 January 2024 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2023 № 6

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 6-2023

CONTENTS

 

Philosophy 5.7

 

ONTOLOGY AND EPISTEMOLOGY

  

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INTERPRETATION OF JUDGMENT IN IMPROVING THINKING ABILITIES

Sukhanova N. P.                                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-6-11-18

Abstract. 

The modern educational landscape, which is undergoing changes due to socio-cultural reasons, contributes to the development of projects aimed at improving the quality of thinking. This research is addressed to the program settings of the university course “Logic and Critical Thinking”. The methodological substantiation of the formal-logical approach to the consideration of the phenomenon of critical thinking is shown. The results obtained in the course of teaching, effective in terms of building critical thinking skills of students, are explicated. The purpose of the article is to analyze the pedagogical experience of working with the course materials on problematic subjects when studying judgment and the relationship of judgment and information. Attention is focused on the evolution of the concept of “critical thinking” and, during its transformation, the preservation of essential features indicating the identification of the features of judgment and the conjugacy of judgment with the analysis of information data. The author reveals the project participants’ own achievements in terms of reflexive comprehension of the difficulties of interpreting a judgment, which makes it possible to fix their cognitive connection to the conceptual apparatus of the discipline. It is concluded that immersion in the subtleties of thinking about judgment is of fundamental importance in the progression of critical thinking abilities and skillful handling of information, and also significantly enriches the picture of students’ ideas about language and cognition.

Keywords

logic, critical thinking, learning, judgment, information.

С. 11-18

 

HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY

  

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MIND, HEART, HAND AND LANGUAGE AS EDUCATIONAL CRITERIA:
Th. STANLEY (1625–1678) AND J. A. COMENIUS (1592–1670)

Gogleva Е. А.                                               DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-6-19-33

Abstract. 

This article refers to the subject of an understudied subject in the historiography of the history of philosophy and reveals the substantial similarity between Th. Stanley’s poetry and J. A. Comenius’s works. The author’s translations of Stanley’s poems are given. The historical and social prerequisites are shown; they make it possible to consider that Comenian’s ideas affected implicitly Stanley’s work. It is hypothesized that Stanley and Comenius represent the idea of a humanist type of education which is the base of the humanities knowledge and which develops in parallel with a new type of science borrowing methods and samples from mathematics.

Keywords

J. A. Comenius, Th. Stanley, S. Hartlib, J. Hall, pansophy, humanities knowledge.

С. 19-33

 

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THE INTERPRETATION OF THE SYNTHESIS OF LOVE AND SUFFERING IN RELIGIOUS PHILOSOPHY BY S. L. FRANK

Mochinskaya K. A.                                              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-6-34-42

Abstract. 

The article interprets the synthesis method which is used by the Russian philosopher S. L. Frank when constructing the system of metaphysics of all-unity. This synthesis is considered in relation to specific phenomena – love and suffering. The analysis of their relationship is carried out through the concept of “metalological unity”, that is – through all-unity, which expresses the philosophical system of the thinker as a whole. The concept by Frank reveals the antinomic character of the connection between love and su ffering. In the ontological meaning, their synthesis is represented in the establishment of the significance of each of the feelings, where love is interpreted as “unity” and suffering as “separation”. Such a contradiction is resolved in the ethical aspect, in which the volitional beginning of mental life makes it possible to overcome the experience, and thereby overcome any “separation” or “disintegration”. In essence, the synthesis of the studied phenomena is realized in relation of the “I–you” and is seen in the ability to have compassion.

Keywords

S. L. Frank, synthesis, a metalogical unity, philosophy of love, philosophy of suffering, compassion, metaphysics of all-unity, Russian religious philosophy.

С. 34-42

 

Psychology 5.3

 

GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY, PERSONALITY PSYCHOLOGY, HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY

   

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RELIGIOUS AND ETHNIC EXTREMISM IN THE CONTEXT OF THE CHARACTERISTICS OF IDENTITY TRANSFORMATION AND CURRENT PROBLEMS OF MODERN SOCIETY

Malafeeva M. A., Karavaitseva L. I.,
Titkova A. D.                                    
                   
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-6-43-57

Abstract. 

The article provides a theoretical analysis of the concepts of religious and ethnic extremism as well as the connection between issues of identity transformation and the evolving problems of the modern world. A connection is made between trends in extremist manifestations in the educational sphere and the youth environment, ethical and religious identities, and the risks of the youth involvement in extremist groups and communities. It is proposed to understand the correlation between the formation of identity in adolescence and youth with the risks of the growth of extremist manifestations on ethnic and religious grounds in educational organizations of the Russian Federation.

Keywords

identity, religious extremism, ethnic extremism, the youth environment, modern transformations.

С. 43-57

  

PEDAGOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY, PSYCHODIAGNOSTICS OF DIGITAL EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENTS

  

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THE PROBLEM OF TIME AND ITS REFLECTION IN THE TEMPORAL CHARACTERISTICS OF A SENIOR SCHOOL STUDENT

Lolenko E. V.                                                   DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-6-58-63

Abstract. 

The article examines the theoretical foundations of the problem of time from the point of view of different authors, the issues of the ontological status of time, the relationship between time and motion, the nature of time, its objectivity. The concepts of temporality, temporal orientation, and attitude to time are considered. The method of psychological diagnostics of the subjective attitude to time in older adolescents is described. The results of the study of the subjective attitude to time of older adolescents in Tyumen region are presented.

Keywords

time, temporality, objectivity, problems of time, attitude to time.

С. 58-63

 

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ACTUALIZATION OF THE REFLEXIVE RESOURCE OF PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS WHO STUDY IN THE “PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL EDUCATION” PROGRAM

Mitina L. M., Vostokova Yu. I.                        DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-6-64-79

Abstract. 

The development of society requires the effective use of all human resources including professional ones. The solution to this problem involves the actualization of reflexive resources of personal and professional development of specialists and, first of all, this applies to the profession of a teacher-psychologist, on whom the well-being and development of the creative potential of students depend to a certain extent. The contradiction between the need to actualize the reflexive resource of a teacher-psychologist and the insufficiency of means and technologies for their formation and development determined the purpose of this study – to examine the features of professional self-awareness as a resource of personal and professional development of students – teachers-psychologists, to develop and test the technology of actualization of a reflexive resource in the process of their professional training. The results of the study showed that structured professional self-awareness is associated with the students’ personal and professional development. The implementation of the technology of updating the reflexive resource allows us to structure professional self-awareness and increase the level of personal and professional development of students who major in Education and Psychology.

Keywords

a reflexive resource, structured self-awareness, personal and professional development, a psychological technology, a longitudinal experiment, a teacher-psychologist.

С. 64-79

 

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SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL PREDICTORS OF THE RISK OF BULLYING
IN THE SCHOOL COMMUNITY OF TEENAGERS

Baranov A. A., Kondaurova O. P.,
Khaidarov R. K. 
                                                 
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-6-80-92

Abstract. 

The article studies bullying risk predictors in the school group of teenagers. The relevance of the study is determined by the fact that in the current social situation in Russia and abroad, the problem of bullying is becoming a very common phenomenon, and as part of preventive measures, it is extremely important to know what can be a predictor of the risk of bullying in a group of teenagers. The empirical study was carried out on a sample of 61 students of grade 7 of a secondary school in Izhevsk. As part of the study, using the Pearson criterion correlation analysis and the regression analysis, it has been proven that bullying risk scales are associated with emotional intelligence, communication skills and interpersonal relationships of adolescents. The conducted research is of particular interest to psychologists and teachers of general education organizations.

Keywords

bullying, harassment, emotional intelligence, communication skills, interpersonal relationships, teenagers.

С. 80-92

  

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EATING DISORDERS AND PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS
OF OBESE CHILDREN

Vinokurova A. Kh., Platonova Z. N.                      DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-6-93-103

Abstract. 

The article presents the results of the study of psychological characteristics of obese children to determine the level of their self-esteem and anxiety depending on the type of parental attitude in families. It is assumed that the level of self-esteem and anxiety of obese children depends on parental attitudes, as it is the child’s social environment that contributes significantly to the formation of his/her food culture. When analyzing the results, a negative strong relationship was found between self-esteem and anxiety, a low level of self-esteem leads to a high level of anxiety in the group of obese children. No dependence of self-esteem and anxiety levels in obese children on one parental attitude was found.

Keywords

eating disorders, obesity, primary school age, self-esteem, anxiety, type of parental attitude.

С. 93-103

 

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PROFESSIONAL PATH OF A HOSPITAL TEACHER

Obukhov A. S., Grosheva A. A.,
Umrikhina V. V
                                               
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-6-104-115

Abstract. 

In Russia, a network of hospital schools is actively developing within the framework of the federal project “UchimZnaem”. The professional activity of a hospital teacher has distinct features and specificity in contrast to teachers in “regular” schools. Where, why and how teachers get into hospital schools, what adaptation way they take – these are the things that are important to understand in the situation of extensive development of the hospital school system. A qualitative study was conducted using in-depth interviews with hospital teachers, based on the analysis of which a map of their professional path was built. The key stages of teachers’ entry and acculturation into work in hospital schools are highlighted.

Keywords

ahospital teacher, hospital schools, the “UchimZnaem” project, a professional path, professional experience.

С. 104-115

 

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SYNERGY OF PSYCHOLOGICAL SUPPORT AND TRAINING OF CHILDREN DURING TREATMENT IN AN ONCOLOGICAL HOSPITAL

Zorina E. S., Doluev I. Yu.                        DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-6-116-129

Abstract. 

Obtaining accessible and quality education is an important component of the state social policy, actualizing the consideration of individual needs of children, adolescents and youth and reflecting the need for individualization of educational trajectories, development of a tolerant receiving environment, barrier-free space and inclusion in all spheres of society. All this gives a new impetus for the development of the psychological and pedagogical science, the organization of interdisciplinary research, the implementation of an integrated approach to solving problems in order to ecological, full inclusion in education of citizens of different categories and groups. One of such special categories is children who undergo a long-term treatment in medical institutions and have life-threatening diagnoses. Providing them with the opportunity to master basic and supplementary education programmes is the most important condition for their intellectual and creative development, support for their psychological well-being and the possibility of harmonious socialization despite the difficult life situation caused by their illness. This process includes not only the opportunity to study in a hospital, but also modern psychological and pedagogical support for young patients. Thanks to the interdisciplinary approach to the education of children undergoing a long-term treatment, it is possible to integrate subject areas, combine forms of in-class and extracurricular activities, to select and test modern pedagogical and psychological technologies, as well as to provide comprehensive psychological assistance and support to the child and his/her family. Our article, describing the successful experience of creating a full-fledged educational environment at the flagship site of the UchimZnaem project in Moscow, deals with the issues of implementing this approach in a hospital school.

Keywords

psychological and pedagogical support, a hospital school, educating children under a long-term care, the map of individual learning needs.

С. 116-129

 

SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC PSYCHOLOGY

  

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DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNICATIVE AND ORGANIZATIONAL SKILLS OF VOLUNTEER STUDENTS AS A SIGNIFICANT COMPONENT
OF INTERACTION WITH PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES

Gukasova M. P.                                      DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-6-130-138

Abstract. 

The article considers communicative and organizational skills as an important component in the preparation of volunteer students for interaction with persons with disabilities. The results of a study on the development of communicative and organizational skills in the context of socio-psychological training are presented.

Keywords

communication skills, organizational skills, a communicative competence, interaction, volunteer students, persons with disabilities, a socio-psychological training.

С. 130-138

 

 

Pedagogics 5.8

     

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

 

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K. D. USHINSKY’S ACTIVITY AS THE EDITOR-IN-CHIEF OF THE JOURNAL OF THE MINISTRY OF PUBLIC EDUCATION (ON THE 200TH ANNIVERSARY OF HIS BIRTH)

Yakovlev S. V.                                                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-6-139-145

Abstract. 

The readers are presented with the material on the activities of the outstanding Russian teacher Konstantin Dmitrievich Ushinsky as the editor-in-chief and an active author of the “Journal of the Ministry of Public Education”. When preparing the article, primary sources were used – printed materials of the Journal of the Ministry of Public Education, published in the period from 1860 to 1862, as well as other sources.

Keywords:

K. D. Ushinsky, editor-in-chief, the Journal of the Ministry of Public Education, publications.

С. 139-145

  

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CHANGING THE ROLE OF THE RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH IN THE SYSTEM OF RUSSIAN EDUCATION AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 20TH CENTURY (BEFORE 1918)

Biziaeva N. D.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-6-146-153

Abstract. 

This study provides a brief overview of the changing role of the Russian Orthodox Church at the beginning of the 20th century (until 1918), which consisted in the transition from the dogma of the Russian Orthodox Church in the system of Russian education to the atheism adopted in the Soviet Russia.

Keywords:

the Russian Orthodox Church, education, the Russian Empire, the early 20th century, RSFSR.

С. 146-153

    

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION

  

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TRAINING ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS TO WORK WITH CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES IN ACCORDANCE WITH REGULATORY DOCUMENTS

Ismailova L. S.                                                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-6-154-163

Abstract.  

The article analyzes the content and legal aspects of training elementaryschool teachers to work with children with disabilities. The author points out the main problems of interaction between teachers and children with various health limitations when they enter the elementary school. The factors preventing the school teaching staff from organizing full-fledged psychological and pedagogical support for children with disabilities are identified. The article considers the regulatory and legal bases for training general education school teachers to deliver inclusive education. The importance of advanced training of teachers in the field of special needs pedagogy and psychology is emphasized.

Keywords:

inclusive education; teacher training; elementary school; children with disabilities.

С. 154-163

   

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TRANSFORMATION OF RUSSIAN TEXTBOOKS ON MATHEMATICS FOR ECONOMISTS: TRENDS AND PROSPECTS

Konnova L. P., Rylov A. A.,
Stepanyan I. K.            
                                  
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-6-164-179

Abstract.  

The digital economics and digital educational environment modify the aims and methods of the educational process. The paper describes the transformation of higher mathematics textbooks for students who major in economics. The research aims to identify the tendencies and the potential of the educational literature in mathematics for economists in the historical perspective. The books on linear algebra and mathematical analysis have been selected for the study. Three historical periods are set nominally: 1957–1991 – the Soviet period, 1992–2015 – post-Soviet period (the transition to the Bologna process), 2016 – now – the modern period (the implementation of the digital processes into economy and Education).
The holistic content-analysis of the books of every period has been carried out. The features of the educational material and the correlation of theoretical and practical material, particular for each period and in the all-types comparative visual, have been identified. The revealed relationships demonstrate a decrease in the volume of theoretical mathematics, an increase in the number of examples, and a decrease in the volume of considered economic applications. When reviewing the textbooks of the modern period, the directions of a possible development of the educational literature on higher mathematics for economists, which is of particular practical importance for creating new textbooks oriented on the vocational applications, humanization of education, and digital computing..

Keywords:

the vocational economic education, higher mathematics for economists, mathematics textbooks for economists, review of mathematics textbooks, transformation of textbooks, a modern textbook, practice-oriented tasks, digital resources, the digital educational environment.

С. 164-179

 

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CAREER GUIDANCE WORK AT THE PRE-UNIVERSITY STAGE OF TRAINING IN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE COURSE “FUNDAMENTALS OF MEDICAL BIOCHEMISTRY”

Leikhter S. N., Korobitsyna E. V.,
Geshavets N. P., Sinitskaya E. N.            
     
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-6-180-189

Abstract.  

The article examines the organization of career guidance activities at the pre-university stage of education at the Northern State Medical University (NSMU). The purpose of the study is to analyze the experience of conducting a career guidance course “Fundamentals of medical biochemistry” for secondary school students of the 10th grade who major in natural science. One of the most important tasks of career guidance work at a medical university is to increase the cognitive interest of students in natural science and medical knowledge. To solve this problem, a set of methodological support has been developed which pays great attention to the organization of independent work of students in laboratory and practical classes and educational and research work during the training summer practice. The leading role is given to the formation of practical skills in the course of performing laboratory work using modern equipment, reagent kits and chemical dishes. The article presents examples of various tasks, such as filling out tables, solving test tasks and situational problems. Evaluation of the effectiveness of career guidance work was carried out based on the results of a survey of students at the end of the course. The feedback indicates their satisfaction with the career guidance program of the course, which allows arousing interest in the knowledge of the natural science profile, motivating students to make an independent, conscious and correct choice of their future profession.

Keywords:

pre-university training, laboratory and practical classes, medical and biological disciplines, career guidance, independent work, training summer practice, schoolchildren.

С. 180-189

  

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THE IMPORTANCE OF THE INTEGRATION OF THE INDUSTRIAL LABOR MARKET AND EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS IN THE TRAINING OF PERSONNEL FOR LIGHT INDUSTRY

Leonov S. A.                                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-6-190-201

Abstract.  

The article considers the issue of personnel shortage in light industry. The development of the industry and the improvement of its competitiveness directly depends on the quality of training of future graduates majoring in educational programs that meet the current and future requirements of the labor market. The article aims at describing the key elements which influence the light industry personnel training as well as at identifying the role of the employer when updating the educational training programs. The key role in eliminating the personnel shortage of enterprises is played by educational organizations that train specialists of various levels in the light industry. At the same time, the author concludes that the development and implementation of educational programs for advanced training for light industry is impossible without the active involvement of the employer in the process of designing, developing, selecting material and technical resources and, precisely, implementing the educational program. The author gives the example of such a practice in the framework of the implementation of the federal project “Professionalitet” and the creation of an educational and production cluster of light industry. Taking into account the requirements of the labor market, the tasks for the successful development of the personnel potential of the industry and the training of specialists by educational organizations are formulated.

Keywords:

personnel training, light industry, an employer, labor market, an educational organization, continuing education, multilevel education, an industry.

С. 190-201

  

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION

 

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CASE TECHNOLOGIES AS THE INSTRUMENT OF PRACTICE-ORIENTED EDUCATION

Bagnavets N. L., Grigoryeva M. V.              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-6-202-211

Abstract.  

The readiness of graduates to solve problems in their future vocational activities is an urgent task of modern higher education. This quality is formed when students have certain knowledge, skills and experience of practical activity. The article shows the application of case technology in the 1st year of study at an agricultural university as an initial stage of the development of students’ readiness to perform more complex research practice-oriented tasks in further educational and vocational activities. The requirements for a practice-oriented case are formulated. The developed methodology of the case study on Analytical Chemistry is presented including goals, tasks, conditions and evaluation criteria. The proposed case is characterized by the fact that students use a wide range of methods for its implementation: a sociological survey, work with information sources, a chemical experiment, methods of presenting the study outcomes. The results of the article can be useful to a wide range of teachers.

Keywords:

a case method, teaching chemical subjects, a practice-oriented approach, a competence-based approach, methods of teaching Chemistry, the students’ teamwork.

С. 202-211

 

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APPLICATION OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE TECHNOLOGY IN PERSONALIZED LANGUAGE LEARNING

Minyazova E. R.                                   DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-6-212-223

Abstract.  

The article discusses the possibilities of using artificial intelligence and chat bots based on neural networks in pedagogical practice, and in the process of teaching foreign languages in particular. The importance of using artificial intelligence in personalized learning, including in building individual educational paths, collecting and improving analytics based on big data, is emphasized. The author also offers options for applying neural networks in lessons of Chinese.

Keywords:

artificial intelligence, neural networks, artificial intelligence technology, personalized learning.

С. 212-223

 

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THE ROLE OF THE SPECIALTY OLYMPIADS IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS OF A MEDICAL UNIVERSITY: TEACHERS’ AND STUDENTS’ VIEW

Yavorskaya S. D., Gorbacheva T. I., Dmitrienko K. V.,
Lebedeva E. I., Remneva O. V., Zharikov A. N.
   
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-6-224-233

Abstract.  

In the article, the authors pay attention to possibility of realization not only cultural and professional competencies of learning, but also creative and educational ones (over the professional component) in a medical school through an active implementation of the Olympic movement into the education process. According to the authors, such new components realization will help some students not only to assimilate all educational material, but also to make a correct choice with their future medical field of study, to motivate other students to self-improvement, and in future – their colleagues. It will promote as their personal innovational potential, as the University’s potential in whole. The article contains students’ (n = 78) and teachers’ (n = 41) anonymous survey data. All questions were aimed to find factors for the Olympiad movement promotion and to raise higher professional education quality in the Medical University.

Keywords:

Olympic movement, a medical school, Obstetrics and Gynecology, student’s and teacher’s anonymous questioning.

С. 224-233

 

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INFLUENCE OF MEDICAL STUDENTS’ INFORMATION PRACTICES
ON THE CHOICE OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE DEFINITION

Strelnikov S. S., Vokhmintsev A. P., Katkova A. L.,
Ushakova O. M., Zakharov S. D.
                      
DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-6-234-248

Abstract.  

The relevance of studying the attitude of medical students to artificial intelligence technology (hereinafter referred to as AI) is determined by the introduction of the AI systems not only into the educational process, but also into clinical and diagnostic practice. The hypothesis about the existence of a connection between the practices of information behavior, reflecting the content of the information culture of the individual and preference in defining the AI, was confirmed. The aim is to characterize the relationship between the practices of using various sources of information as a key component of the information culture of medical students and their understanding of the AI. The results of a survey of first- and second-year students of Tyumen State Medical University (n = 615) are presented. The assumption about the high role of the Internet not only as a source of educational information, but also as a way to overcome difficult life situations was confirmed. The assumptions regarding the absence of difficulties in understanding the essence of the AI by those students who regularly consume specialized information were also confirmed. It was found that the practice of regular reading of the medical press and specialized articles in foreign languages is associated with a more equal distribution among the four variants of the AI understanding, while reading of only medical news is more correlated with a preference for evolutionary and biological understanding of the AI.

Keywords:

information behavior, information practices, information culture, artificial intelligence, vocational education, medical students, information technology.

С. 234-248

 

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HE VISUAL LANGUAGE OF THE 3D-PROGRAMMING KODU GAME LAB
AS A MEANS OF FORMING THE FUNDAMENTALS OF ALGORITHMIC THINKING IN THE 5TH GRADE OF GENERAL EDUCATION SCHOOL

Kolodeznikova A. A., Kurilkina V. N.          DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-6-249-262

Abstract.  

The purpose of this work is to clarify the features of the development of algorithmic thinking in the 5th grade of a general education school in extracurricular classes in computer science using the KODU program. The article develops a lesson plan and a lesson flow chart for extracurricular activities when teaching the basics of programming and algorithmic thinking using the Kodu Game Lab visual programming language.
The scientific novelty of the research is the study of the features of the formation of algorithmic thinking in schoolchildren of the 5th grade in extracurricular classes in computer science in the Kodu Game Lab programming environment.
As the result of the classes and the pedagogical experiment, it was revealed that the simplicity and accessibility of the KODU visual programming language interface allow the 5th grade students to acquire initial planning skills, to build a program algorithm, to structure the solution of a problem, to develop creative abilities, spatial thinking, positive emotions that a student experiences after their own game; these emotions increase motivation to master more complex environments and programming languages..

Keywords:

algorithmic thinking, the visual 3D-programming language KODU, universal learning activities, personal ULA, regulatory ULA, communicative ULA, cognitive ULA, cognitive abilities, ability to learn, motivation for learning.

С. 249-262

  

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ALTERNATIVE EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGIES AS AN EFFECTIVE METHOD OF DEVELOPING THE CREATIVE POTENTIAL (CREATIVITY) OF STUDENTS IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE LESSONS

Sorokoumova G. V.                                           DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-6-263-271

Abstract.  

The article defines creative potential (creativity), emphasizes the need for its development as one of the important soft-skills in the learning process. The article describes non-traditional active methods of teaching a foreign language. Cognitive learning technologies are singled out among non-traditional active teaching methods. Alternative educational technologies are of great interest; they not only help to master the educational material, but also develop cognitive abilities and creativity – the creative potential of children. The content of training courses in foreign languages allows the teacher to use all the variety of teaching methods and make the learning process not only meaningful, but also interesting, fascinating, emotional and exciting. The article describes a study to determine the effectiveness of alternative educational technologies in the development of social creativity in the English lesson.

Keywords:

creative potential, creativity, non-traditional active teaching methods, cognitive technologies, alternative educational technologies, foreign language lessons.

С. 263-271

  

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WAYS TO OVERCOME OBJECTIVE AND SUBJECTIVE DIFFICULTIES IN TEACHING SPECIAL VOCABULARY TO CHINESE STUDENTS IN DISTANCE EDUCATION

Su Qingxi.                                           DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-6-272-284

Abstract.  

Today, cooperation between the Russian Federation and the People’s Republic of China in the field of sports and physical culture is intensively developing. Mastering the sports language is equally necessary for future translators, teachers of Russian as a foreign language, athletes, coaches and referees, doctors and specialists in the field of sports medicine, sports journalists, etc. We have identified some objective and subjective difficulties in teaching sports terminology to Chinese students in the context of distance learning, which, due to the complex and unpredictable international situation, has been chosen by many universities as an alternative training format. Expedient ways of overcoming these difficulties are proposed: basing on an increasing motivation to study and activating cognitive activity of students in the classes of Russian as a foreign language; taking into account the specifics of the national character and ethnopsychological characteristics of students; improving digital competencies of the scientific and pedagogical staff, ensuring continuous support of the educational portal of the university; developing self-control in Chinese students; compiling bilingual Russian-Chinese publications on the subject of “Sports” (for example, dictionaries and reference books of sports terms, textbooks on sports); using audiovisual learning tools to improve the memorization of sports terms, etc. The development of a lesson plan on the topic “Summer Olympic sports” with the distribution of time by type of activity for modeling the educational process in the conditions outside the Russian language environment is presented.

Keywords:

methods of teaching Russian as a foreign language, China–Russia relations, sports and physical culture, sports terminology, distance learning, digital technologies, textbook and teaching aids, teaching Chinese students.

С. 272-284

 

 

 

Sunday, 03 December 2023 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2023 № 5

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 5-2023

CONTENTS

 

Philosophy 5.7

 

HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY

  

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RATIONALISM IN EPISTEMOLOGY OF THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY: EDWARD HERBERT CHERBURY

Sorokina T. B.                                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-5-11-20

Abstract. 

The article analyzes the theory of knowledge by Herbert Cherbury, an English philosopher of the early XVII century and the founder of English deism. The article aims to show the contribution of Herbert Cherbury to the development of the rationalist direction of classical epistemology. The analysis of "De Veritate" showed that Herbert used a systematic approach in constructing a theory of truth, and the systemic engagement of all the elements is one of the fundamental propositions of Herbert’s theory. Herbert defended the idea of the activity of the human mind and its boundless power, objective universal criteria in cognition that exclude subjectivism and relativism. The author notes those provisions of Herbert’s theory that went beyond the existing traditions in the European epistemology of that time.

Keywords

epistemology, truth, innate concepts, rationalism, universal consent, Herbert Cherbury.

С. 11-20

 

SOCIAL AND POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY

  

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IDENTITY AS A SPHERE OF THE SACRED IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBALIZATION

Kislykh D. N., Yakovleva M. K.                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-5-21-28

Abstract. 

The article examines the issue of identity from the standpoint of the Russian national culture against the background of the increasing processes of globalization. The author considers identity as a sphere of the sacred, rooted, ontological. This sphere is facing a severe crisis in the light of the clash of different aspects of the social being (global and local, sacred and secular). The sacred is implied in arranging the social reality, defining clear value, symbolic and semantic directions without which the society development is impossible. Globalization in its modern form is a threat to traditional spiritual values, norms, and patterns of the Russian cultural identity. Against the crisis of the national and cultural identity a question on the necessity of acquiring strict identification directions which have a level, socially developing and humane character is really acute.

Keywords

identity, sacred, globalization, cultural and historical tradition, Russian culture, cultural sovereignty.

С. 21-28

 

 

Psychology 5.3

 

GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY, PERSONALITY PSYCHOLOGY, HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY

   

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DIGITAL SUBCULTURES IN THE OPTICS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS

Sapogova E. E., Titkova A. D.                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-5-29-41

Abstract. 

The article attempts to get closer to understanding the process of including a person in the digital environment from the point of view of psychological analysis. The transition from the stages of mastering the Internet space by generations to the stage of the birth of new generations in a digital environment is considered. The authors propose the introduction of the concept of «a digital subculture» to determine the degree of involvement of different generations into the Internet space and the process of digitalization as such.

Keywords

a digital subculture, a digital culture, digital generations, online environment, information environment, the Internet.

С. 29-41

 

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PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING AS A RESOURCE OF THE TEACHER'S COPING BEHAVIOR IN THE PROCESS OF PROFESSIONALIZATION

Ledovskaya T. V.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-5-42-54

Abstract. 

The article studies the psychological well-being of teachers as one of the predictors of coping with stress in the pedagogical activity. The categories that are factors of the teaching stress occurrence have been identified. The study aims to determine the role of the psychological well-being of teachers in their choice of strategies for coping behavior at different stages of professionalization. The methods used are: K. Riff’s scale of psychological well-being in L. V. Zhukovskaya and E. G. Troshikhina’s adaptation and the questionnaire of methods of coping by S. Folkman and R. Lazarus, adaptated by T. L. Kryukova, E. V. Kuftyak and M. S. Zamyshlyaeva. In general, throughout their vocational activities, teachers prefer the same coping strategies with stress (Planning a solution to a problem, Searching for social support, Taking responsibility), but the tension and intensity of coping are higher at the career start. The psychological well-being does not have dynamics in the process of professionalization, but there is a dynamic of its influence on the teacher’s effective way out of stress, that is it is a resource for the coping behavior for teachers. The results suggest a positive impact of the psychological well-being of educators on adequate emotional and cognitive coping strategies (self-control, problem-solving planning, positive reassessment).

Keywords

stress, pedagogical activity, a teacher, coping behavior, coping strategies, a psychological well-being.

С. 42-54

 

LABOR PSYCHOLOGY, ENGINEERING PSYCHOLOGY, COGNITIVE ERGONOMICS

  

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EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AS A RESOURCE OF PROFESSIONAL HEALTH OF A TEACHER

Shingaev S. M., Yurkova E. V.                        DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-5-55-69

Abstract. 

Emotional intelligence is considered in the context of the ability model as a resource for the development of professional competence and the factor that determines the professional health of a teacher in particular. The professional health of a teacher is defined as an integrative property that allows one to cope with various situations of vocational activity. The study involved 60 secondary school teachers (women) of Saint Petersburg; aged averagely 43.5 and 21 years of seniority. It was assumed that emotional intelligence contributes to the preservation and maintenance of the professional health of the teacher. The psychodiagnostic tools included: D. Lusin’s questionnaire EmIn, V. V. Boyko’s method "Diagnostics of the empathy level", P. Ekman’s test, R. Lazarus’s questionnaire "Coping strategies". The results of the study show that the ability to manage their own emotional states allows a person to rationally approach the situation and objectively assess it. Understanding the emotions of communication partners helps the teacher to focus on a positive re-evaluation, rethinking difficult professional situations.

Keywords

emotional intelligence, abilities, professional health, coping strategies, empathy.

С. 55-69

 

 

Pedagogics 5.8

    

THEORY OF EDUCATION

 

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THE ROLE OF REFLECTION IN PEDAGOGICAL DESIGN

Miftakhutdinova A. N.                                      DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-5-70-78

Abstract. 

The article considers the very concept of "design", describes the main stages of pedagogical design (modeling, design, construction). The role of reflection is described; which is not a separate design stage, but a necessary element of each design stage, since reflection contains a transformative action, activity, and analysis which allows one to specify the work on the project.

Keywords:

reflective design, modeling, design, construction, innovative design.

С. 70-78

  

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THE SAFETY OF A MODERN EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATION AS PROTECTION AGAINST EXTREMISM AND TERRORISM IN THE YOUTH ENVIRONMENT

Mokretsova L. A., Popova O. V.,
Shvets N. A., Dovydova M. V.
 
                              
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-5-79-91

Abstract. 

The article examines the issues of extremism among young people from different angles. The authors identify and describe the most common types of youth extremism in the educational environment, analyze the studies conducted in the city of Biysk (Altai Krai) on the identified types of extremism and establish a link between the manifestation of some tolerance of the young to extremist orientation and the safety of an educational organization. The authors offer their own view on solving the problem of the safety of the educational environment and an educational organization in conditions of social instability.

Keywords:

safety, types of safety, educational environment safety, pedagogical risks, a safety concept, safety models, youth extremism, terrorism in youth environment.

С. 79-91

 

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

 

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A PERSONAL MODEL AS AN IDEAL FOR IMITATION IN THE PEDAGOGY OF ORTHODOXY

Horin D. V.                                                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-5-92-105

Abstract. 

The article considers the phenomenon of imitation in the pedagogy of Orthodoxy. The analysis of the use of the concepts of "example", "image", "ideal image", "personal sample", "ideal", "pedagogical ideal" and "goal" in the Russian pedagogical science is carried out. It is proved that all of them are concepts of the same order and are aimed at organizing the spiritual transformative activity of a person. From the point of view of pedagogy and psychology, the concept of "imitation" is considered and the tradition of its use in the pedagogy of Orthodoxy is studied. Following a personal model as an ideal for imitation in Orthodoxy correlates with the method of example in the pedagogical science. Based on acmeological, culturological and axiological approaches, the essence of the example in the pedagogy of Orthodoxy is revealed. It is proved that the method of example traditionally plays a special role in the educational system of Orthodoxy. An example in this case is the saints glorified in this face by the Orthodox Church. A special role is played by descriptions of the life of saints as a means of upbringing and education.

Keywords:

apersonal model, an example, the method of example, the ideal, imitation, descriptions of the life of saints.

С. 92-105

  

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MENTORING PHENOMENON: HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT AND MODERN CHALLENGES

Aldoshina M. I., Fetisov A. S.            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-5-106-113

Abstract. 

The article discusses the acute issue of mentoring in education and analyzes the historical development of mentoring, it provides definition of principles and forms of mentoring as well as the current state of the problem. The historiographic review made it possible to specify the development of mentoring in the 20th century, updating the political, socio-economic and pedagogical tendencies of the country’s development and the phenomenon of mentoring. The authors propose some aspects of updating and of the modern state of mentoring in the socio-cultural situation of the first quarter of the 21 century.

Keywords:

mentoring, education, society, production, workers, patronage.

С. 106-113

    

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION

  

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DEVELOPMENT OF THE CONTENT OF ADDITIONAL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION OF TEACHERS IN THE FIELD OF UPBRINGING IN THE CONDITIONS OF INTRODUCTION OF STATE INFORMATION MACRO SYSTEMS

Kuzmin P. V.                                                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-5-114-123

Abstract.  

The article examines the problems of improving the training of teachers as educators and class supervisors in the context of the digitalization of education. A group of factors is analyzed that are determined by the features of educational work in the conditions of a modern school, and factors that are a consequence of the features of the implemented information systems in additional vocational education. Based on the analysis, the basic requirements for the model of additional vocational education in the field of upbringing are formulated.

Keywords:

additional vocational education, upbringing, digital picture of the world, information systems.

С. 114-123

   

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THE BASIC PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIZING THE SURVEY OF EMPLOYERS WHEN PREPARING THE MONITORING OF THE QUALITY OF EDUCATION

Leonov S. A.                                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-5-124-133

Abstract.  

The article considers the survey of employers by means of questionnaire as a method of monitoring the quality of education. The main purpose of the educational activity is to train competitive specialists who are in demand in the labor market. The survey of employers will allow the educational organization to monitor the quality of education and to carry out corrective measures to eliminate inconsistencies between the content and quality of education as well as the requirements of employers. The content of the article reveals the basic principles of the organization of the survey of employers in the implementation of measures in an educational organization to monitor the quality of education. The article describes meaningfully the importance of employers’ questionnaires in the context of ensuring the quality of education at the university. The author makes proposals for the development of a system for monitoring the quality of education both at the system level and at the level of an educational organization from the point of view of the active involvement of employers in this process.

Keywords:

monitoring, quality of education, labor market, an employer, questionnaire, interviewing, an educational organization, corrective measures.

С. 124-133

 

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READINESS FOR THE ACTIVITY OF THE PRE-SERVICE OFFICER IN THE CONTEXT OF THE CULTURAL-ORIENTED APPROACHES IMPLEMENTATION

Matveev D. E., Belovolov V. A.,
Timofeev A. I., Sultanbekov T. I.            
     
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-5-134-144

Abstract.  

The paper discusses the features of the choice of methodological approaches that determine the strategy of scientific research. The scientific article presents an analysis of culture-oriented approaches as one of the fundamental methodological characteristics of the scientific research. In particular, the points of view of other authors-scientists on the system of culture-oriented approaches to the consideration of this problem are analyzed. The authors of this article reveal the influence of each of the selected approaches on the disclosure of the features of the formation of the readiness of the pre-service officer for their vocational activity in modern conditions, in particular – for forming the readiness of the officer-to-be for the development of a culture of interethnic communication among servicemen. Each selected approach has been empirically verified. In this article, the team of authors present an interdisciplinary conceptual analysis of the readiness of a pre-service officer as a psychological and pedagogical phenomenon in the humanitarian discourse. The correlation-content part of the structural and functional components of the readiness for the activity of the officer-to-be as a holistic personal education is substantiated.

Keywords:

education, methodological approaches, vocational training, readiness, readiness for activity, culture-oriented approaches, components of readiness.

С. 134-144

  

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THE ESSENCE AND CONTENT OF FINANCIAL LITERACY OF CADETS
OF MILITARY INSTITUTES

Golovachev V. P.                                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-5-145-156

Abstract.  

The scientific article reveals the essence and presents the content of financial literacy of cadets of military institutes as an integral and significant element of vocational education. The relevance of this topic is due to the necessity of deep study into the essence of the “financial literacy” notion. It is put down to the fact that modern regulatory documents on education view the financial literacy as a universal competence which contributes to developing effective financial result in the process of the vocational activity of a future officer.

Keywords:

competence, financial culture, financial literacy, vocational education, cadets of military institutes.

С. 145-156

  

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THE MODEL OF FORMING READINESS OF CADETS OF EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS OF THE RUSSIAN GUARD TO WORK WITH CONTRACT SERVICEMEN

Rakhimbaeva I. E., Shchukin M. A.                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-5-157-165

Abstract.  

The article reveals the model, developed by the authors, of forming the readiness of cadets of military educational organizations of higher education of the Russian Guard to work with military personnel undergoing military service under a contract as soldiers and sergeants. The structural components of the target, procedural-content and evaluative-effective blocks of the model are described. The theoretical substantiation of the approaches, principles, methods, forms, means, pedagogical conditions, stages, levels and criteria for the proposed modeling process is given, in terms of the formation of cadets’ readiness to work with contracted military personnel in the positions of soldiers and sergeants. As an innovative component of the authors’ model, the content of the selection and systematization of the materials of the program of the additional training course for cadets on the topic «Peculiarities of working with military personnel undergoing military service under the contract as soldiers and sergeants» is presented.

Keywords:

a model, a cadet, an educational process, a block, formation of readiness, an educational organization.

С. 157-165

   

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CULTIVATING PATRIOTISM IN STUDENTS ON THE HISTORICAL
SOCIO-CULTURAL IDEAL OF THE PERSON IN CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS

Gaiduk D. V.                                              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-5-166-175

Abstract.  

The article substantiates the relevance of patriotic education of youth based on the socio-cultural ideal of personality. The essence and content of patriotism in modern conditions are clarified. The concept of socio-cultural ideal is elaborated on based on its historical analysis and taking into account modern requirements. It is emphasized that cultural institutions can play a special role in the educational process, since their activities are capable of arousing real social values and needs through art. The directions of patriotic education in cultural institutions based on the historical socio-cultural ideal of the individual are proposed.

Keywords:

an educational process, patriotism, a socio-cultural ideal of personality, student youth, directions of patriotic education, cultural institutions.

С. 166-175

   

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RESOURCES OF AN EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATION AS A LEADER IN THE DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF SOCIAL PARTNERSHIP

Galeeva N. L., Osipova O. P.,
Savenkova E. V., Shklyarova O. A.    
            
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-5-176-189

Abstract.  

The success of building a productive social partnership on the initiative and with the leadership of an educational organization is ensured, first of all, by an effective school management team as well as an objective and fairly complete assessment of resources, which is the basis for determining a management strategy and concretizing directions, designing a program of interaction with society. The article presents the main approaches to the analysis of resources relevant to social partnership. The authors not only developed a matrix of resources to characterize and analyze the quality of resources necessary for the implementation of a productive interaction in the implementation of social partnership, but also described the results of the study.

Keywords:

social partnership, territorial leadership, a school management team, resources of the educational organization, a resource matrix.

С. 176-189

  

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PRINCIPLES OF DEVELOPING AN INDIVIDUAL EDUCATIONAL TRAJECTORY IN THE LESSONS OF FINE ARTS IN ADDITIONAL EDUCATION OF JUNIOR SCHOOLCHILDREN

Nikishova N. A.                                              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-5-190-198

Abstract.  

The article deals with the peculiarities of developing an individual educational trajectory in the visual arts classes in the system of additional education. Particular attention in the article is paid to the role of additional education in the modern educational space, as well as to the peculiarities of visual activities in the additional education of children. The article outlines the relevance of the use of individual educational trajectories in the visual arts classes, discusses the main principles of an individual approach, the main stages of construction and design features of individual educational trajectories for different types of fine arts. Particular attention is paid to considering the age characteristics of students as a key principle in the development of effective methods of work in the visual arts classes.

Keywords:

additional education, fine arts, an individual approach, individual educational trajectories, an adaptive curriculum.

С. 190-198

  

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION

 

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FEATURES OF THE PROJECT APPROACH IN ONLINE EDUCATION

Korneeva I. V.                                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-5-199-205

Abstract.  

he article analyzes modern models of educational product development used in world practice, identifies their main advantages and disadvantages. The necessity of linking the online course to a certain parameter, the most important for a specific target audience, is justified. A flexible model of the online course development using a project approach is proposed the principles on which it should be based are outlined, and the mechanism of its implementation is shown.

Keywords:

a project, a project approach, an educational product model, online education, an online course.

С. 199-205

 

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THE USE OF TEXT NEURAL NETWORKS AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN STUDENTS' ACADEMIC PAPERS

Bezugly T. A., Ershova M. E.                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-5-206-216

Abstract.  

The article is divided into 4 logical blocks, fully describing various aspects of the use of text neural networks in students’ academic works. The block “The possibility of using text neural networks in academic papers” describes the applied aspects of using ChatGPT and other text neural networks in academic works. The block “Evaluation of a scientific text created by a neural network” includes a structural and semantic analysis of a text created by the ChatGPT-3 and ChatGPT-3.5 neural networks. The block “Problems of using text neural networks” describes the main factors that prevent the use of artificial intelligence, which works with text, in academic papers. The block “The position of the Ministry for Science and Higher Education of Russia on the use of text neural networks in students’ academic works” is a characteristic of the response received from the Ministry for Education and Science to a request about the possibilities of using artificial intelligence in student works.

Keywords:

artificial intelligence, neural networks, academic works, student works, neural networks in education.

С. 206-216

 

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DEVELOPMENT OF ANALYTICAL SKILLS OF STUDENTS IN AN INTERACTIVE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

Nyudyurmagomedov A. N., Savzikhanova M. А.,
Abduragimova L. A.
                                      
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-5-217-228

Abstract.  

In the context of an intensive expansion of the volume and nature of information from various sources and the need to train mobile specialists, the development of students’ analytical skills is becoming an acute issue of modern professional education. In research, analytical skills are considered from the standpoint of the methodology and technology of mental actions that are adequate to the nature of the phenomena and knowledge under study. The article puts forward and substantiates the idea of integrating the potential of interactive and meaning-creating technologies in the development of students’ analytical skills. In the experimental work, it was revealed that more productive in the development of analytical skills are meaning-creating technologies in which students get the opportunity to create their own thoughts and meanings in the phenomena under study and knowledge.

Keywords:

analytical skills, interactive educational environment, meaning-creating technologies, students’ intention and meanings, knowledge structuring, information interpretation, universality of analytical skills.

С. 217-228

 

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PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS FOR DEVELOPING METACOGNITIVE SKILLS AS A FACTOR OF STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT FORMATION

Kintsel A. E.                                          DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-5-229-239

Abstract.  

In the article, the author reveals the peculiarities of pedagogical conditions that are necessary to be implemented in the educational process while developing students' metacognitive skills. In the work, these skills are considered as the main factor for the students’ academic achievement development. The study aims at revealing the pedagogical conditions that contribute to forming metacognitive skills in students. In this paper, the author summarizes the research experience conducted by various scientists and gives the author’s opinion based on his own practical experience.

Keywords:

metacognitive skills, success criteria, pedagogical conditions, an educational process, academic achievement, training, educational factors, learning objectives, students’ abilities, skills development.

С. 229-239

 

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THE USE OF GAMING TECHNIQUES TO INCREASE THE LEVEL OF ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE WHEN STUDYING THE MAJOR SUBJECT “COMPUTER SCIENCE” BY FIRST-YEAR STUDENTS ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE “COMPOMANIA” GAME

Sakulina Ju. V., Ionova E. B.                      DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-5-240-250

Abstract.  

In this article, the authors consider one of the gaming techniques aimed at improving the academic performance of middle-level students in the "Computer Science" discipline. As a means, the authors have developed an educational game "ComPOmania" which qualitatively works to increase the level of academic performance and attendance of the participants of the game. The game was tested by the authors during the school year. The effectiveness of this technique is presented in diagrams. The article also presents cards for some topics of the "Computer Science" discipline. The rules of the game and its goals are described in detail. The use of this educational game does not replace the traditional form of knowledge testing, it only motivates for more effective and, most importantly, interesting acquisition of knowledge throughout the educational process.

Keywords:

academic performance, attendance, motivation, game, a pedagogical technique, gaming techniques, training.

С. 240-250

   

YOUNG SCIENTISTS’ VISION

  

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THE STRUCTURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL COMPETENCE OF PRE-SERVICE PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS: A COGNITIVE COMPONENT

Avdeeva E. V.                                           DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-5-251-259

Abstract.  

This article discusses the acute issue of forming the environmental competence of pre-service primary school teachers in the process of vocational education pursuing a bachelor’s degree in 44.03.05 "Pedagogical education (with two training profiles)". Special attention is paid to the description and diagnostics of the cognitive component of this competence which is considered by the authors as the basic one, on the basis of the development of which a regular superstructure of all other components of professional and personal characteristics of the environmental competence of future teachers is made hereinafter. The means of assessing the formation of the cognitive component are described as well as the results of an experiment implemented on the basis of the Institute of Pedagogy of Kaluga State University named after K. E. Tsiolkovsky.

Keywords:

environmental competence of a teacher, the competence structure, a cognitive component, teaching methods, diagnostics of educational results.

С. 251-259

  

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DANCE AND SPORTS TECHNOLOGY AS AN INNOVATIVE PEDAGOGICAL TECHNIQUE FOR FORMING MOVEMENT CULTURE IN SENIOR PRESCHOOLERS

Yudanova A. I.                                           DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-5-260-274

Abstract.  

This article examines the issue of the use of pedagogical technologies in preschool education. The relevance of the article is determined by the need to search for new scientific and methodological approaches that can form the basis of pedagogical technology aimed at forming a culture of movements of senior preschool children.
The article analyzes various positions reflecting the content of the concept of "pedagogical technology", analyzes and systematizes the methodological foundations of pedagogical technology – the criteria of processability. The article also discusses various views of scientists on the structure of pedagogical technology.
Based on the generalization of scientific works on pedagogical technologies and the study of practice-oriented monographs that describe pedagogical technologies of work with preschoolers, the definition of the author’s pedagogical "dance and sports technology" is derived, the structure of which includes the following blocks: conceptual, motivational-target, organizational-content, evaluative-effective, prognostic. Taking into account the specifics of the dance and sports technology, the content of the selected blocks is specified in accordance with the author’s program "Moving is beautiful: a culture of movements for preschoolers" and the algorithm for presenting educational material is indicated.

Keywords:

pedagogical technology, criteria of processability, the structure of pedagogical technology, a dance and sports technology, culture of movements of senior preschoolers, preschool education, motor activity of children of senior preschool age.

С. 260-274

 

 

 

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2023 № 4

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 4-2023

CONTENTS

 

Philosophy 5.7

 

ONTOLOGY AND EPISTEMOLOGY

 

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INTERNAL SPEECH AS A PROTOTYPE OF HERMENEUTICAL SITUATIONS
(FROM THE PHILOSOPHICAL HERITAGE OF L. S. VYGOTSKY)

Scoliar Ju. N.                                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-11-18

Abstract. 

The article considers the theoretical and methodological analysis of internal speech conducted by L. S. Vygotsky. Internal speech is a mobile connection of a word and a thought, it is a factor mediating the transition of the thought to an external speech, and has specific features, the identification of which in the work contributes to the fullest understanding of the author-developed meaning.

Keywords

thinking, speech, a word, a thought, meaning, denotation, understanding, communication,
a dialogue
.

С. 11-18

   

HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY

  

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ECOSOPHY AND SOPHIOLOGY: ACTUALIZATION OF S. N. BULGAKOV’S ECONOMIC PHILOSOPHY

Romanov D. D.                                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-19-28

Abstract. 

The article explores the concept of ecosophy as a new field of knowledge about nature, society and man in its complementary openness for integration into the problems of other philosophical teachings, one of which is the sophiological tradition of the Russian philosophy. Related and identical semantic areas for ecosophy and sociology are identified in which it is necessary to conduct a critical analysis for the purpose of terminological, categorical and historical-philosophical clarification of this knowledge types basic institutions. To do this, the author proposes to rethink the main provisions of S. N. Bulgakov’s economical philosophy in their application to the modern socio-natural situation. The environmental philosophy, entering into interdisciplinary interaction with sophiology and economical philosophy, can solve a number of methodological problems of the anthropological and spiritual-moral type, which will allow it to achieve the integrity of the explanation of the situation and the projects of socio-natural interaction.

Keywords

ecosophy, deep ecology, sophiology, religious philosophy, philosophy of economy, S. N. Bulgakov, the ecoanthropological paradigm, an interdisciplinary approach.

С. 19-28

 

SOCIAL AND POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY

  

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THE VALUE-SEMANTIC CONTENT OF THE “SOCIAL STUDIES” COURSE

Ermolenko G. A., Kozhevnikov S. B.                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-29-36

Abstract. 

The article deals with the substantiation of the need for forming the concept of the development of the civic identity in Russia, the analysis of pedagogical methods for improving the effectiveness of forming the political consciousness of schoolchildren by means of education. From the analysis of the content of the concept of a political symbol, the authors pass over to formulating the priority areas for the analysis of educational literature on social studies and present the results of the examination of the content of textbooks on social studies published by the «Enlightenment» publishing house.

Keywords

all-Russian traditional values, social studies textbooks, the civic identity, patriotism, political consciousness, a political symbol, political education.

С. 29-36

 

 

Psychology 5.3

 

GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY, PERSONALITY PSYCHOLOGY, HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY

  

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THE PRACTICE OF KEEPING A REFLECTIVE DIARY AS A WAY TO WORK WITH STRESS BY STUDENTS

Galoy N. Yu.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-37-47

Abstract. 

The article presents the results of a longitudinal study of 148 students’ diaries organized in the form of a daily description of their emotional states and behavioral reactions in self-isolation during the coronavirus pandemic from 2020 to 2022. The theoretical analysis of the concepts of stress, coping and psychological practice of diary entries is given. The method of researching coping strategies by means of a reflexive diary is described. The theoretical and experimental substantiation of the effectiveness of the practice of keeping a reflective diary by students in order to manage stress in the conditions of the coronavirus pandemic is presented.

Keywords

a longitudinal study, a reflective diary, students, stress, coping strategies, coping.

С. 37-47

 

LABOR PSYCHOLOGY, ENGINEERING PSYCHOLOGY, COGNITIVE ERGONOMICS

  

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PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS THAT DETERMINE THE WORK EFFICACY OF TEACHERS OF SUPPLEMENTARY EDUCATION FOR CHILDREN

Zhukov V. Yu.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-48-57

Abstract. 

The article studies the psychological characteristics of teachers of supplementary education for children affecting their work efficacy. To conduct the research, the following empirical methods have been used: documentation analysis, observation, conversation, expert assessment, psychological testing, and statistical data analysis. According to the results of the study, the psychological characteristics of teachers of supplementary education for children have been revealed; they determine the work efficacy and include reflexivity, motivation, subjective control, volitional self-regulation, innovative readiness, sociability, communicative and organizational inclinations. The degree of severity of the studied psychological characteristics of teachers is established. The psychological profile of the teacher contributing to the work efficacy is determined. The results of the study can be used by practicing psychologists engaged in the selection, certification, training and development of teachers of supplementary education for children.

Keywords

teacher of supplementary education for children, work efficacy, psychological characteristics, activity assessment.

С. 48-57

 

PEDAGOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY, PSYCHODIAGNOSTICS OF DIGITAL EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENTS

  

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FACTORS OF MANIFESTATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF COGNITIVE INITIATIVE OF YOUNGER SCHOOLCHILDREN IN LESSONS

Prokhorenko E. O.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-58-69

Abstract. 

This article presents the structure and content of the cognitive initiative of younger schoolchildren in the context of psychological and pedagogical research. The considered indicators of the cognitive initiative of younger schoolchildren were obtained on the basis of observation conducted in natural conditions during the course of teaching activities and expert evaluation by teachers. A comparison of indicators of the manifestation of cognitive initiative in the course of the class activity was carried out, which made it possible to identify significant relationships between the components of cognitive initiative, as well as the consistency of the structure under study. Statistical processing of the results of the study made it possible to empirically confirm and theoretically substantiate the psychological correspondence of the content characteristics of the studied concept of «cognitive initiative» of younger schoolchildren.

Keywords

cognitive initiative, independence, a cognitive activity, a junior student, a psychological and pedagogical experiment, observation, the expert evaluation by the teacherя.

С. 58-69

  

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DYNAMICS OF MOTIVATIONAL DOMINANTS OF PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS IN THE PROCESS OF STUDYING THE DISCIPLINES OF THE PSYCHOLOGICAL CYCLE

Kiseleva T. B., Gorbenko I. A.                      DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-70-82

Abstract. 

The article analyzes the main theoretical approaches to the issue of studying and developing motivational dominants of educational and occupational activity in domestic and foreign literature. The results of an empirical study of pedagogical university undergraduates majoring in “Pedagogical Education” of various profiles and courses are presented: the preferences of first-, second- and fourth-year students related to their academic and occupational activities are considered; the dynamics of meaningful motivational dominants of future teachers in the process of studying the disciplines of the psychological cycle is shown.

Keywords

educational activity, educational and occupational activity, motivation of educational and occupational activity, motivational dominants, dynamics of motivational dominants.

С. 70-82

  

SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC PSYCHOLOGY

  

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SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF TRAINING VOLUNTEERS TO INTERACT WITH PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES

Vachkov I. V., Gukasova M. P.                       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-83-95

Abstract. 

The article presents the analysis of psychological research on the social and psychological characteristics of training volunteers who interact with people with disabilities. The definition of the concept of volunteering is given, the main professional and personal characteristics of a volunteer are revealed, the ways of their manifestation in the process of interaction are considered. The article presents the results of an empirical study aimed at identifying individual psychological characteristics of volunteering students, at assessing the level of self-determination in the process of interaction with persons with disabilities. Socio-psychological training is considered as a means of preparing volunteers to interact with people with disabilities.

Keywords

volunteering, interaction, peculiarities of interaction, training of volunteers, persons with disabilities с ОВЗ.

С. 83-95

 

 

Pedagogics 5.8 

    

THEORY OF EDUCATION

 

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FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE BIOGRAPHICAL METHOD OF RESEARCH IN THE SYSTEM OF HUMANISTIC KNOWLEDGE: FROM ANTINOMY TO MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS

Afanasyev V. V., Afanasiev I. V.,
Pavlenko A. A.
 
                                               
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-96-107

Abstract. 

The article presents the analysis of the role and significance of the biographical method within the framework of humanistic knowledge. The specificity of its scientific application is characterized by the presence of explanation procedures, as well as description and understanding, which altogether form a fundamental methodological antinomy, each component of which, synthesizing with its opposite, opens access to the study of an object from its various sides in the form of the multivariate analysis. In the material presented by the authors, the biographical method receives its coverage in a historical retrospective, which makes it possible to trace the stages of its emergence and conceptual development in the field of the humanities..

Keywords:

biography, the biographical method, the biographical narrative, description, explanation, understanding, positivism, organicism, hermeneutics, explanatory sociology, understanding sociology, antinomy, the multivariate analysis.

С. 96-107

 

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

 

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THE ROLE OF YAKUT TALES IN A CHILD’S UPBRINGING

Osipov E. F.                                                  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-108-116

Abstract. 

The article deals the educational aspect of the role of Yakut fairy tales in upbringing children, which notes an increase in interest in them as an important means of ethnopedagogy. In the course of writing this article, the works of political exiles were used, each of whom made a significant contribution to the study of the cultural characteristics of the Yakut people. Other important sources were essays on the Yakut folklore by G. U. Ergis. G. U. Ergis, a Yakut folklorist, linguist, ethnographer, and philosopher, proposed the following classification of Yakut fairy tales: animal tales, fairy tales and household tales. Developing this classification of genres, G. U. Ergis paid special attention to the study of a number of features of folk tales.
Based on the aforementioned works by researchers of the Yakut folklore, the article states the results of the analysis of the impact of folk tales on the formation of a child’s integral personality. At the end of the article, conclusions are drawn about the development of a theoretical and classification basis which will contribute to the further study of the educational aspect of the Yakut folklore. The information obtained will also be useful to parents and representatives of teaching staff in their practical activities.

Keywords:

Yakut fairy tales, Yakut folklore, traditional culture, fairy tales about animals, fairy tales, everyday fairy tales, a child’s upbringing.

С. 108-116

  

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THE IMPACT OF THE REFORM OF THE CONTENT OF GENERAL MATHEMATICAL EDUCATION IN THE 1970s ON THE RESULTS OF ENTRANCE EXAMS IN PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITIES

Boguslavsky M. V., Sadovnikov E. Yu.            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-117-125

Abstract. 

This article examines the impact of the reform of the content of school general mathematical education in the 1970s on the results of entrance examinations to pedagogical universities in 1977–1978. The results of the entrance tests to the full-time department of the Faculty of Mathematics of V. I. Lenin Moscow State Pedagogical Institute for the period of the late 1960s – early 1980s have been analyzed, and the connection of the results obtained with the reform of education has been also revealed. Information on the results of entrance examinations from other pedagogical universities for the period 1977–1978 is also considered.

Keywords:

reform of the basic general mathematical education, entrance examinations, V. I. Lenin Moscow State Pedagogical Institute, history of pedagogy and education.

С. 117-125

  

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VALUE ATTITUDE TO LIFE AS A DIRECTION OF UPBRINGING IN THE PEDAGOGICAL HERITAGE OF N. E. SCHURKOVA

Makarov M. V., Senchenkov N. P.,
Sukhaya N. V.
                                                   
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-126-133

Abstract. 

Change in the logic of modern upbringing, following the pedagogical tradition of N. E. Shchurkova, Professor, ScD in Education, appears to the author of the article through the appeal of the modern teacher to the value of life of the young. Pedagogical practices of this direction of upbringing are considered not only in the upbringing of secondary school students, but of the university students as well.

Keywords:

upbringing, value attitude, a basic value, life, a value object, vitality, love of life.

С. 126-133

  

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION

  

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STRATEGIES FOR ENSURING OF HIGHER EDUCATION ACCESSIBILITY FOR PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES

Brovkina A. V., Popova O. I.                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-134-146

Abstract.  

The article deals with the main problems of forming the strategy for the inclusive education development in higher education institutions. Based on the systematic approach and content analysis, the authors considered and described a comprehensive legislative framework for ensuring accessibility of higher education for people with disabilities, the main indicators and criteria for the university inclusive environment formation. Also, the authors gave characteristics to the main structural elements of the inclusive environment and identified the main options for the development of inclusive education strategy and their components. Based on the analysis of generalized data and taking into account practical experience, the authors propose an algorithm for working out a strategy for the development of inclusive education for higher education institutions, taking into account the specifics of a particular university, which includes the following main points: description of the accessibility potential of the university; monitoring/research; formation of the needs of the university; preliminary calculation of an effective economic model for the implementation of the strategy; implementation of a pilot project.

Keywords:

inclusive education, inclusive environment, strategy of the inclusive education development.

С. 134-146

   

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AN INTEGRATED APPROACH TO FORMING MOTOR PRAXIS IN CHILDREN WITH DYSARTHRIA

Lebedeva N. A.                                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-147-152

Abstract.  

The article discusses the features of the formation of motor praxis in children with dysarthria. The motor praxis in children of this category is characterized by slow, awkward, constrained, undifferentiated movements. The structure of speech disorders in dysarthria requires an integrated approach when diagnosing and implementing corrective measures. It is emphasized that children with dysarthria need a special system of work to overcome these disorders and the implementation of the integrated approach in the correctional and educational process.

Keywords:

dysarthria, motor praxis, an integrated approach, preschool children.

С. 147-152

 

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FEATURES OF TEACHERS’ LABOR MOTIVATION IN THE CONDITIONS OF INTEGRATION OF EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

Vyshivanaya E. N.                                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-153-162

Abstract.  

The article substantiates the issue of finding an effective motivation system for teaching staff in the conditions of reorganization of educational institutions by combining them into one educational cluster. The purpose of the study was to determine the motives that underlie the activities of the teaching staff against the background of integration. The objectives of this work consisted in theoretical and practical substantiation of the chosen diagnostics of the needs and motives of the employees of the reorganized institutions; identification of factors affecting their motivation; ranking of components within the structure of motivational work activity.
To solve the problems of the experiment, mathematical and statistical methods, comparative analysis and generalization of materials, study of documents, survey, questionnaire and methods of processing and interpretation of the data obtained were used. As the result of the study, the relevance and effectiveness of diagnostics of internal, external positive and external negative motivations are substantiated. The prospects for further research are related to the specification of ways to implement the presented motives and to develop methodological recommendations for their practical application when managing educational clusters.

Keywords:

an educational cluster, teachers, hierarchy of motivational preferences, motives of activity, needs.

С. 153-162

  

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THE METHOD OF MILITARY-HISTORICAL RECONSTRUCTION IN THE ART EDUCATION OF THE PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITY

Suzdaltsev E. L.                                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-163-180

Abstract.  

To create artistic works on a historical topic, it is not enough to be artists for art students at pedagogical universities. They need to be able to conduct research, the results of which will allow them to perform work that will not only increase the degree of professional competence of the author, but also help to acquire artistic and educational value for the viewer. For these aims, the author, as a Professor at the State University of Education, proposes to use the method of military-historical reconstruction. In order to test this method, the faculty organized work on the implementation of the educational project “Neuchâtel Battalion in the Battle of Krasnoy on November 17, 1812” which includes several stages of joint work of teachers and students. In the course of the work, students develop competencies that allow them to perform artwork on a given topic in the traditions of the Russian classical battle painting school. The generalized experience of using the method of military-historical reconstruction in teaching students the basics of historical painting was reflected in the developed manual on the uniform of the armies of the early 19th century. This method can be recommended for use in the educational process at other university faculties as well during research work, enriching its theoretical part with the creative one.

Keywords:

the method of military-historical reconstruction, art education, historical and battle painting, the Patriotic War of 1812, Neuchâtel Battalion, the all-Russian public organization “Clubs for the Historical Reconstruction of Russia”, State University of Education.

С. 163-180

  

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THE MAIN STAGES OF TEACHING SPEECH ACTIVITY OF AZERBAIJANI SCHOOL STUDENTS WITHIN THE COURSE OF THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE STUDY

Abbasova S. Z.                                              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-181-189

Abstract.  

The Russian language teaching in Azerbaijani schools is aimed at making Russian the second native language of students’, to turn it into a means of communication. It is clear therefore that speech activity serves primarily the implementation of the main task: practical mastery of the Russian language. To make Russian lessons in the Azerbaijani school a truly effective means of teaching the Russian language, it is necessary to clarify with sufficient accuracy the possibilities and limits of each method and technique aimed at mastering the skills of speech communication, the purpose and conditions of its application, the internal pressure that the student is able to withstand.
The article discusses the main stages of teaching speech activity to Azerbaijani school students when learning Russian. It is noted that the theory of the development of speech communication for students of Azerbaijani schools should be built in several stages. The eight stages considered in the article comprise various methods, means of achieving students’ verbal communication, with the help of which the respondents should master the skills of oral communication in Russian.

Keywords:

the Russian language, Azerbaijani school, speech activity, oral speech, communication orientation of speech.

С. 181-189

  

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION

 

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CASE STUDY OF IMPLEMENTING PROJECT ACTIVITIES IN THE HUMANITIES TEACHING AT A TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY

Zarovnyaeva S. S., Shagdarova T. V.                  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-190-199

Abstract.  

The article deals with the experience of applying the project technology in the educational process at the university. The authors describe the structure of the project work, identify ways to involve students into them. The implementation of the project to create a multilingual terminological thesaurus-type dictionary for the “Oil and Gas Business” training program and the creative project for organizing extracurricular activities in the “Fundamentals of Project Activities” subject have been analyzed. The authors emphasize the fact that project activities form the students’ ability to learn, as well as their self-awareness, self-determination and self-realization.

Keywords:

project activities, a science project, a creative project, motivation, an educational process, a technical university.

С. 190-199

 

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THE STRUCTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL MODEL OF THE METHODOLOGICAL SYSTEM OF BLENDED LEARNING IN THE ASPECT OF MANAGERIAL INTERACTION

Manyakhina V. G.                                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-200-214

Abstract.  

The digital transformation of education makes significant changes in the educational environment and influences the pedagogical system which, in fact, becomes a blended learning system. In blended learning, there is a strong emphasis on personalization, which involves a greater degree of self-management on the part of the learner. In this regard, the article deals with issues related to the management and manageability of a blended learning system. Based on the theory of evolutionary systems, simplified mechanisms of functioning (archetypes) of learning are considered that describe the interaction between the management of an educational institution and the student, the interaction of the teacher and the student, and the interaction of the student and the digital educational environment, and a complex mechanism of blended learning is built which is a composition of the listed learning archetypes. The article also discusses the relationship between the complex mechanism and the structural-functional model of blended learning and describes the levels of management of the pedagogical system of blended learning.

Keywords:

blended learning, management of the pedagogical system, an integrated adaptive mechanism of blended learning, digital educational environment, levels of management of the blended learning system.

С. 200-214

 

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MOBILE LEARNING OF RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE:
A REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATIONS

Ryabokoneva O. V., Strelchuk E. N.              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-215-225

Abstract.  

In language education, information and communication technologies are widely used. One of the most promising areas in teaching foreign languages, including Russian as a foreign language (RFL), is the use of mobile devices. The present study aimed to analyze the publications by Russian scientists on the problem of mobile learning of Russian as a foreign language over the past five years and to identify the current directions of these studies using a statistical method based on a bibliometric analysis, as well as theoretical methods of analysis, synthesis and generalization. The sources of information were the titles, keywords and abstracts of scientific papers presented on the eLibrary.Ru platform. A word cloud was compiled with the use of the Voyant Tools web service. The conducted bibliometric analysis revealed a significant increase in the number of publications on the problem of mobile learning of Russian as a foreign language, however, most of them do not show depth of research and are superficial. It has been determined that the most relevant direction in the methodology of teaching Russian as a foreign language is the use of mobile applications in the educational process. It is proved that the term “mobile learning” is not a well-established and commonly used concept, synonyms are used in the titles of the articles. To date, the direction associated with the mobile learning of Russian as a foreign language remains an open field of activity both in practical and theoretical aspects.

Keywords:

mobile learning, Russian as a foreign language, mobile applications, a statistical method, a bibliometric analysis, informatization of education.

С. 215-225

 

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A CREATIVE THINKING METHOD OF RECREATIVE IMAGINATION FORM DEVELOPMENT WHEN TEACHING A FOREIGN LANGUAGE SPEAKING IN AN AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Bukovsky S. L.                                          DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-226-234

Abstract.  

The present article deals with the analysis and development of the creative way of shaping the recreative form of imagination when producing an utterance in a foreign language within the framework of an agrarian higher education institution. The article analyzes the teaching of speaking in a non-linguistc university. The author of the article has developed a course of teaching oral foreign language speech to students, who major in agriculture, with the use of a creativity-oriented teaching methodology.
The author of the article presents the methodological algorithm of techniques on the part of the teacher and trainees at the foreign language lessons connected with the technology of development of the recreative form of imagination. The methodological algorithm highlights the possibilities of using creative thinking in practice. The algorithm is designed to develop the skills of oral occupational communication in the agrarian higher education institution in the most optimal way.
The present article is an attempt to develop an original technology based on the consideration of the creative way of developing the recreative form of imagination as a means and technology of teaching the oral foreign language speech as a basic methodological category and its implementation in the process of a foreign language teaching in a non-linguistic university. The teaching model presented by the author of the article can be applied in the process of teaching a foreign language speaking to students of agrarian universities.

Keywords:

creativity-oriented teaching, a recreative form of imagination, creative thinking, a teaching technology, occupational communication, an agrarian training area, a non-linguistic university.

С. 226-234

 

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IMPROVEMENT OF THE METHODOLOGY OF TEACHING SECTIONS OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS ON THE BASIS OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES

Yusupov D. A.                                             DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-235-244

Abstract.  

This work proposes an improved methodology for teaching sections of nuclear physics with the use of computer technology, based on modern scientific achievements and innovative technologies. The results of experimental works presented in the article show that the use of innovative technologies in the form of visual demonstration tools effectively form the modern scientific worldview of students. Also, based on the analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of all types of energy sources, an analytical table is presented, which shows the priority of modern nuclear energy sources and their high safety level.

Keywords:

modern technological devices, mass and energy, computer science, innovative technologies, an electronic program, a textbook, animation, slides, nuclear processes, reactions, radiation, nuclear fission, neutrons, radionuclide hazard, environmental sustainability, nuclear reactors, energy sources, a sustainable energy supply, an analytical table, energy of the future, the experimental verification.

С. 245-244

 

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APPLICATION OF THE GALE – SHAPLEY ALGORITHM TO DETERMINE THE HIGHEST PRIORITY OF ENROLLEES IN THE 2023 ADMISSIONS CAMPAIGN

Baryshnikova N. Yu.                               DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-245-258

Abstract.  

The article considers changes in terms of the procedure for organizing and conducting admission to training in educational programs of higher education – bachelor’s programs, specialty programs, master’s programs for the academic year of 2023–2024. The main innovation of the future admission campaign is the enrollment of applicants based on priorities. By prioritization, the applicant demonstrates their desire to be enrolled in specific fields of study in a specific order. Having analyzed the need to use an algorithm that allows setting the order of setting higher priorities, the Gale – Shapley algorithm and its application were considered, in particular, the possibility of using it to account for enrollees. It is concluded that the Gale-Shapley algorithm can be used by educational organizations of higher education when conducting the 2023 admissions campaign.

Keywords:

higher education, selection committee, enrollee, priority, enrollment, the Gale – Shapley algorithm, stable matchings.

С. 245-258

 

 

YOUNG SCIENTISTS’ VISION

 

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FOREIGN LANGUAGE ADAPTATION TRAINING IN THE CATEGORIES OF THE “ORDER OF GOALS” METHOD

Markova N. A.                                           DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-4-259-271

Abstract.  

The article notes the lack of attention of the scientific community to the systematic organization of the process which allows filling the educational gaps of the basic level in the “Foreign language” discipline in a technical university. Adaptation training provides a sufficient formation degree of the basic level of first-year student’s language training. In order to determine the direction of its development, it is important to identify the factors and specify the conditions which guarantee readiness of the student to continue studying the discipline in senior courses. With the means of the “Order of goals” method of the categorical-system methodology, a theoretical model of adaptation foreign language training in a technical university has been developed. The purpose of the study is to identify the components of the adaptation learning system that will reflect its qualitative certainty; to build a system of goals that arise from the identified components in the process of evolving, as well as to identify possible contradictions between them. The proposed options for resolving contradictions will help build an effective management model, which will contribute to the optimization of the educational process for adaptation programs at the university.

Keywords:

adaptation training, a basic level of language training, a technical university, system of goals, resolution of contradictions, the “Order of goals” method.

С. 259-271

 

 

Monday, 24 July 2023 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2023 № 3

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 3-2023

CONTENTS

 

Philosophy 5.7

 

ONTOLOGY AND EPISTEMOLOGY

 

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PROSPECTS OF THE PRINCIPLE OF HISTORICISM IN THE HERMENEUTICAL PARADIGM

Scoliar Ju. N.                                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-3-11-21

Abstract. 

The article examines the principle of historicism in the light of the provisions of classical hermeneutics: the history of spiritual and emotional reality is placed in the historical plane. The hermeneutical historicism acts as a process of «unfolding» of a person, in which historical life is determined by the connection of experiencing the historical and modern subject, the author and reader.

Keywords

understanding, historicism, pre-understanding, the hermeneutical methodology, a subject, an object, experience, being.

С. 11-21

   

PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

  

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A SCREEN WORK AS A FORM OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE

Korneev A. G.                                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-3-22-33

Abstract. 

The author discusses the experience and prospects of the convergence of Humanities, natural sciences and technical knowledge based on visual language. Particular attention is paid to the phenomenon of cinema as the main way of expressing the visual language. The author seeks to identify the philosophical foundations of cinema, the awareness of which can contribute to the formation of film studies as a scientific discipline. With this aim, the author turns to methodological tools that allow to define disciplinary and discursive knowledge. To date, film studies are a few loosely interconnected discourses that relate mainly to the field of aesthetics. Making these discourses into a scientific discipline will contribute to their involvement in convergent processes. This integration may lead to changes in the language of philosophy. We are talking about the widespread use of visual language, which will open up new opportunities for scientific research and raising the status of the Humanities. The features of the visual language are shown on the example of using the iconological method, which is used to interpret paintings.

Keywords

a screen work, convergence, a visual language, methodology, film studies, iconology, humanitarian knowledge.

С. 22-33

 

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ECOLOGICAL ETHICS AND ECOLOGICAL IMPERATIVE AS THE BASIS
FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF A HUMANISTIC ATTITUDE TO NATURE

Kondratieva S. B., Maslakov A. S.                   DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-3-34-44

Abstract. 

The article analyzes the existing ethical and environmental concepts and comprehends the search for a solution to the environmental problems of our time. In modern society, the need to form an ecological worldview that contributes to a radical rethinking of the ethical relationship between man and nature is becoming increasingly important. The emergence of environmental ethics in this sense expands the boundaries of ethics as “cohabitation”, including in it not only the relationship of man to man, but also the relationship of man to nature, endowing him with the norms of morals and morality, replacing the anthropocentric and dominant character of man in relation to nature with partnership and equality. Environmental ethics, as a section of applied ethical knowledge, aims to comprehend the global issues of mankind related to overcoming the environmental crisis and consider issues of morality and ethics in relation to human activity in relation to the biosphere.

Keywords

ethics, ecological ethics, ecological imperative, an ecological crisis, the ecological consciousness, ecology and morality.

С. 34-44

  

 

Psychology 5.3

  

SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC PSYCHOLOGY 

  

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ON STUDYING THE PHENOMENON OF PROSOCIAL BEHAVIOR ABROAD

Shvetsova M. N.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-3-45-55

Abstract. 

The article discusses the views of foreign scientists on the phenomenon of “prosocial behavior”. It traces approaches in the historical context from religious-philosophical, biological, and genetic to socio-psychological. The nature of prosocial behavior in the dichotomy of altruism-egoism is analyzed, motives are described from the point of view of personality psychology.

Keywords

prosocial behavior, egoism, altruism, behavioral motives.

С. 45-55

 

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THE PROCESS OF ADAPTATION OF A POLICE OFFICER IN THE UN PEACEKEEPING AND SECURITY MISSIONS

Verbilov A. F., Oparin K. Yu.                      DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-3-56-63

Abstract. 

In the article some issues of professional adaptation of police officers to the service in international police contingents of the UN peacekeeping missions are considered. The problems, stages and types of professional adaptation are discussed. Some practical recommendations are presented to facilitate the adaptation process of a police officer to the conditions of service in peacekeeping missions.

Keywords

police officers, peacekeepers, UN missions, staff adaptation, stages of adaptation.

С. 56-63

 

 

Pedagogics 5.8 

  

MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

 

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MODIFICATION OF PATRIOTIC EDUCATION IN THE LOGIC OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE NATIONAL IDEA: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE PATRIOTIC EDUCATION IN THE SOVIET ERA AND IN MODERN TIMES

Kolesov V. I., Kholopova E. Yu.,
Silenkov V. I.   
                                          
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-3-64-71

Abstract. 

The authors of the presented article consider an important and very relevant problem of the process of modifying patriotism in the logic of the national idea. The paper provides a comparative analysis of patriotic education in the times of the Soviet Union and nowadays, the article reflects the importance of the patriotic education of students and youth in general in the renewed Russia.

Keywords:

the national idea, patriotic education, human upbringing, a young generation, educational environment.

С. 64-71

 

 

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THE COMPETENCY-BASED APPROACH OF THE ANGLO-AMERICAN EDUCATION SYSTEM VS THE PARADIGM OF PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT AND TRANSFESSIONAL EDUCATION OF THE RUSSIAN PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL SCIENTIFIC SCHOOL

Popova A. V.                                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-3-72-83

Abstract. 

Based on a comparative analysis of legal documents of the USA and Russia, as well as materials of a scientific discussion on the content of various models of the competency-based approach, the article examines the features of the formation of knowledge, skills and abilities in the Soviet-Russian tradition and the system of professional and communicative skills created by English and American specialists. In the article, the author analyzes the models of transmitting, generating and transforming pedagogy proposed by the American pedagogical school to the world community; the content of the innovative pedagogy, offered by the Russian psychological and pedagogical school, is revealed. As the result of the analysis, the conclusion is made about the use of technologies for the development of skills and abilities of the Soviet pedagogical school when forming a modern competency-based approach that has been developed in the system of secondary and higher education in the United States and Western European countries, including those within the framework of the Bologna process. It is concluded that it is necessary to turn to the experience of the Soviet-Russian pedagogical school and innovative pedagogy to solve the urgent tasks that the Russian Federation faces when creating a unique national education system.

Keywords:

pedagogy, hard skills, soft skills, the competency-based approach, innovative pedagogy, transformative pedagogy, transmitting pedagogy, generative pedagogy, trans-professional education.

С. 72-83

 

 

THEORY OF EDUCATION

 

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APPROACHES TO MODELING THE PHENOMENA UNDER STUDY IN THE FIELD OF HUMANITIES: ESSENTIAL-CONTENT ANALYSIS AND TYPOLOGY OF APPLICATION

Afanasyev V. V., Afanasiev I. V.,
Pavlenko A. A.
 
                                               
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-3-84-95

Abstract. 

The article carried out a propaedeutic analysis of literary sources, which opens access to the stated issues at three methodological levels – “philosophical”, “general scientific” and “specific scientific”. This approach allows one to study the typology of the application of the modeling method in various scientific fields in a more reasonable way, to study its terminological apparatus, as well as the mechanisms for extrapolating this method to any, depending on the interests of the researcher, areas of scientific knowledge. A methodological construction for building models of a humanitarian nature is presented, within which the three most representative methodological guidelines are identified. The first one is based on the correlation of quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the modeled object, the second one is aimed at identifying its dominant development or behavior trend, the third one prescribes the implementation of an analytical-synthetic approach in the modeling process. The key tools in the context of the conceptual theoretical constructions displayed in the article are analogies as an illustration of the degree of effectiveness of the object under study in the case of its presentation as a model; an essential-content analysis of modeling approaches and procedures; the adoption of a typology in order to resolve the issue of methodological features of distinguishing types of modeled objects altogether with the phenomena and the theory of similarities combined with multifactorial and flexible research strategies. The practical significance of this study lies in the provision of algorithms and examples of building specific psychological and pedagogical models and recommendations on the directions in which it is expedient and scientifically productive to continue research in the field of modeling the phenomena and processes under study.

Keywords:

modeling, modeling methodology, approaches to modeling, models, types of models, models for diagnosing cognitive styles of activity, algorithm for constructing “humanitarian” models, the temperament type, a psychological portrait.

С. 84-95

 

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THE CONCEPT OF “SOBRIETY” IN THE CONTEXT OF PEDAGOGY

Kljushnikova E. A.                                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-3-96-104

Abstract. 

In science, the exact definition of a category/concept is a common problem. Currently, there is a need to rethink the approach to the formation of sobriety in society. When conducting Sobriety lessons, teachers often face the need to clarify the concept of “sobriety”, since there is no definition of this category in explanatory dictionaries. The development of a scientifically based definition of the concept of “sobriety” became the purpose of the study. To develop the definition of the concept of “sobriety”, the method of formal-logical definition of concepts is applied. The essential characteristics of the phenomenon of “sobriety” are revealed: the naturalness of the state; the absence of poisoning / self-poisoning. A scientifically based definition of the concept of “sobriety” has been obtained, which will help to choose the most effective direction of work on the development of sobriety in the younger generation.

Keywords:

sobriety, a sober worldview, pedagogy of sobriety, a categorical-system methodology, the “Formal-logical definition of the concept” method, a categorical method, self-poisoning by intoxicants.

С. 96-104

  

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

 

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UPBRINGING IDEALS IN RUSSIA AT THE TURN OF THE XXTH CENTURY:
THE SOCIO-CULTURAL CONTEXT OF INTELLECTUAL SEARCH

Novikov S. G., Fokin A. Yu.                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-3-105-114

Abstract. 

In the Russian pedagogical consciousness at the turn of the XXth century, there were three types of upbringing ideals: sociocentric, anthropocentric and dualistic. The dualistic ideal, which synthesized the personal principles of anthropocentrism and the collectivist intentions of sociocentrism, corresponded to the interests of modernizing society to the greatest extent. This ideal not only made it possible to eliminate the socio-cultural split, but also to form an enterprising person who considered the public interes.

Keywords:

ideal of upbringing, modernization of society, a cultural genotype, a socio-cultural split, anthropocentrism, sociocentrism, dualism.

С. 105-114

 

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SCIENTIFIC AND PEDAGOGICAL APPROACHES TO REFORMING THE CONTENT
OF GENERAL MATHEMATICAL EDUCATION IN THE 1970s

Boguslavsky M. V., Sadovnikov E. Yu.            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-3-115-126

Abstract. 

This article discusses the main changes attributed to the reform of the content of general mathematical education in the USSR in the 1970s. The changes of mathematics curriculum of the primary school introduced by this reform are analyzed. The main scientific and pedagogical approaches to implementing the reform of the content of general mathematical education are also considered.

Keywords:

reform of the basic general mathematical education, A. N. Kolmogorov, set-theoretic approach, history of pedagogy and education.

С. 115-126

  

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION

  

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DEVELOPMENT AND IMPROVEMENT OF THE MILITARY-PROFESSIONAL QUALITIES OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION NATIONAL GUARD OFFICER
UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF THE TEAM

Kirishko V. P.                                                 DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-3-127-135

Abstract.  

Interest in the presented topic is caused by the need to form an officer with military-professional qualities capable of analyzing difficult situations, predicting changes in the enemy’s plan and actions, making decisions in a difficult situation to achieve the goals set by the higher command. The article considers and justifies the formation and improvement of military-professional qualities of the Russian Federation National Guard officer personality under the influence of a military team. Based on the analysis of psychological and pedagogical literature, military-professional qualities have been established and the main qualities of the officer, demanded by modern reality, to resist pressure exerted on the serviceman, officer and citizen of the Russian Federation as a whole have been identified. The process of development and development of such qualities as responsibility, discipline and organizational abilities under the influence of the team has been reasoned.

Keywords:

military-professional qualities, personality, an officer, abilities, military team, capabilities, the primary team.

С. 127-135

   

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THE INFLUENCE OF THE RUSSIAN ARTISTIC AND PEDAGOGICAL EDUCATION
ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE REALISTIC ART OF PAINTING IN THE 1940s–1950s IN CHINA

Wang Mei, Zubrilin K. M.,
Slyusareva A. E.            
                             
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-3-136-143

Abstract.  

The article analyzes key aspects of the formation of the artistic and pedagogical education in China in the twentieth century. The process of interpenetration of the Russian and Chinese art creativity and the influence of the Soviet artistic and pedagogical education on the creation of a system of teaching art in China is examined. The authors’ attention focuses on the study of the contribution of the Russian artists-teachers of the realistic direction P. P. Chistyakov and K. M. Maksimov, and on their methodological system and teaching activities, which formed the basis of Chinese artistic and pedagogical education in the twentieth century.

Keywords:

artistic and pedagogical education, training of fine art teachers, the education system, teaching methods, the Soviet realistic school, academicism.

С. 136-143

  

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION

 

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MODERN MATHEMATICAL MODELS OF CONTINUITY OF EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS

Shaposhnikova T. L., Shabanova T. N.,
Vyazankova V. V.
                                               
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-3-144-152

Abstract.  

The article presents models of continuity of educational programs, as well as its criteria. It is known that continuity in the system of continuing education is the most important factor for the implementation of the concept of “education through life”. When creating models of continuity of educational programs, as well as when identifying criteria for continuity, the authors took into account the typology of socio-pedagogical tasks, didactic methods and techniques. The theoretical significance of the results of this study is that they can become the basis for further scientific understanding of the problem of becoming a viable persona in the system of continuing education, and the practical significance is that they can be used in systems of socio-pedagogical monitoring (monitoring of the quality of education and the effectiveness of the educational environment).

Keywords:

students, continuing education, continuity, an educational program, criteria.

С. 144-152

 

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THE INFLUENCE OF PRACTICAL TRAINING ON COURSE DESIGN FOR STUDENTS MAJORING IN “APPLIED INFORMATICS”

Titovskaia N. V., Kalitina V. V., Ambrosenko N. D.,
Shevtsova L. N., Titovskaya T. S.
                
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-3-153-162

Abstract.  

The article discusses the “Process-Engineering” in-service education program conducted by students majoring in 09.03.03 Applied Informatics at Krasnoyarsk State Agrarian University. Its relevance is due to the fact that, according to the curriculum, students in their year 3, after completion of their summer in-service education program, have to carry out a number of course projects and a comprehensive course work. Work on the course projects, in our opinion, should be based on the analysis of data about the object of study (enterprise). The program should be of a mixed nature, both curricular practical training (CPT) and field attached in the form of excursions. During the CPT phase, students, together with the teacher, study theoretical issues on building databases and computer networks, presenting an organization on the Internet, developing websites and general issues related to the information security of an agro-industrial enterprise. At the field attached stage, students collect the enterprise data listed above, which then they use to complete their course projects. This approach improves students’ understanding of the nature and specificity of their field of study and their professionalism in the development of information systems for an enterprise.

Keywords:

in-service education program, applied informatics, curricular practical training, field attachment, methods, students.

С. 153-162

 

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RISKS OF DESIGNING AND IMPLEMENTING AN EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM
FOR TRAINING SHIP CREW MEMBERS FOR DISTANCE AND E-LEARNING

Taranukha S. N., Savelyeva M. N.              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-3-163-173

Abstract.  

The paper considers the factors which determine the need to develop and update educational programs for training crew members of ships using electronic educational resources in the context of global economic transformation and sanctions confrontation. The analysis of an innovative educational project, which uses electronic educational technologies, is carried out. As the result of this analysis, a comprehensive approach to analyzing the risks inherent in each of the elements included in the innovative educational project at various stages of its life cycle is justified. The main groups of characteristics of the innovative educational product under study and the risks characteristic of them are identified, risk assessment methods corresponding to the selected characteristics are proposed.

Keywords:

E-learning, risks, an innovative project, education, information technology.

С. 163-173

 

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APPLYING THE DIDACTIC GAME FOR THE SECTION “INVERTEBRATE MULTICELLULAR ANIMALS” STUDY IN THE SCHOOL COURSE OF BIOLOGY

Khaustov S. A.                                          DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-3-174-183

Abstract.  

The paper considers the prospect of using team game learning technologies for conducting a final lesson on the section “Invertebrate multicellular animals” when studying biology in the 8th grade. Within the study, the methodology for conducting a lesson is developed, methodological materials’ models available for replication are created, and the effectiveness of using the proposed tools to improve the quality of students’ knowledge is shown. The materials can be used in the form of several alternatives (a team game, a zoological lotto, a quiz), depending on the technical means availability and the number of participants. The set of tasks contains questions of various levels of complexity, which allows it to be introduced into the program of studying the subject both at the basic and advanced levels, as well as in preparation for olympiads, exams, and in extracurricular activities. The demand for such a development is dictated by the identified gaps in the students’ knowledge and the need for updating and revising in the period of preparation for state exams. The use of these methodological means in the course of biology can improve not only subjective, but also such personal results as the development of scientific curiosity, the ability to identify and characterize the essential features of biological objects, to establish an essential feature of the classification of organisms, to memorize and systematize biological information, and to use the advantages of teamwork.

Keywords:

gamification, game technologies, didactic games, a zoological lotto, zoology, invertebrates, an advanced level, biological olympiads.

С. 174-183

 

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PROSPECTS OF USING 3D-SIMULATORS IN TEACHING BLIND AND VISUALLY IMPAIRED CHILDREN TO WORK WITH SENSOR DEVICES

Varganov M. V., Mutigullina I. I.,
Neborsky E. V.
                                        
DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-3-184-195

Abstract.  

The article presents the experience of teaching blind and visually impaired children to use touch devices with the help of 3D simulators, which are three-dimensional layouts that repeat the gestural actions necessary for working with touch devices. As the result of the use of these simulators, a tactile memory is formed, as well as the correct spatial relationship, which ensures the use of a touch device without any restrictions.

Keywords:

visual impairment, blind, visually impaired, 3D technology, a 3D simulator, tactile memory.

С. 184-195

 

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THE DIDACTIC POTENTIAL OF AUTHENTIC MOBILE APPLICATIONS WHEN TEACHING RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

Zagumennikova N. V.                               DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-3-196-208

Abstract.  

The article presents a theoretical and practical study of the possibilities of using authentic mobile applications when teaching Russian as a foreign language. The relevance of the study is determined by the insufficient methodological study of the didactic potential of authentic mobile applications when teaching Russian as a foreign language. The purpose of the article is to study the didactic potential of authentic mobile applications when teaching Russian as a foreign language. The scientific novelty of the study is that the didactic possibilities of authentic mobile applications are analyzed for the first time and ways of organizing work with them are proposed. The research materials were the works of domestic and foreign researchers devoted to the issues under consideration, data from analytical agencies, as well as popular authentic mobile applications. As the result of the research, the possibilities of authentic mobile applications as an effective means of teaching Russian as a foreign language, expanding the arsenal of authentic materials for immersion in the natural language environment and contributing to the development of various components of communicative competence are identified and substantiated.

Keywords:

Russian as a foreign language, an authentic mobile application, authentic materials, a didactic potential, a communicative-activity approach, a communicative competence.

С. 196-208

   

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FEATURES OF THE STRUCTURE AND BARRIERS OF LANGUAGE TRAINING
OF STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF SPORT AND TOURISM

Silenok V. S., Bystritskaya E. V.               DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-3-209-216

Abstract.  

In connection with the expansion of sports areas naming in Russia, a contradiction has been revealed between the need for professional personnel in the field of sports and tourism and the lack of methodological programs and learning kits on the language education field that contribute to the professional self-determination of pre-service specialists in these fields of activity. The relevance of the issue under consideration, its significance and insufficient development of professional self-determination formation in the university of sports and tourism students when using intensive foreign language teaching technologies determined the choice of the topic. Self-realization is largely due to professionalization at the stage of primary formation of a young specialist, as well as motivational aspects of personality. A properly organized educational process for learning a foreign language can serve as one of the moments for gaining a meaningful motive for further professional growth. Student-centered learning allows one to build an individual educational trajectory as a guideline in terms of realizing the student’s personal, professional and linguistic potential.

Keywords:

the realization of personal potential, targeted language training, development of a linguistic persona, professional self-determination, professional self-realization.

С. 209-216

  

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DEVELOPMENT OF AN ADAPTABLE COURSE TO TRAIN ENGINEERING STAFF
FOR DESIGN AND OPERATION OF COMPUTER INTEGRATED PRODUCTIONS

Laguta V. S., Ovsyannikov M. V.                 DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-3-217-225

Abstract.  

This article develops a modular approach to making a course for design of production systems in the digital economy. The need to master the modern methods and software used on specific industries in the learning process puts forward a new requirement for training courses – adaptation of the basic training material to specific conditions for future practice. For this, it is proposed to form a training course with the possibility to vary the components included in the program. At the same time, the basic principles and methodological support of the course as a whole remain unchanged, and specifications are possible at the choice of the enterprise that provides targeted training.

Keywords:

engineering staff training, an adaptable course, design, an information object, the concept of integration, the subject orientation.

С. 217-225

 

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TRENDS IN THE LABOR MARKET OF LIGHT INDUSTRY AND THE IMPORTANCE
OF EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS FOR TRAINING QUALIFIED PERSONNEL

Leonov S. A.                                       DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-3-226-234

Abstract.  

The article examines the current situation on the labor market of light industry sectors. The author provides data on the explosive growth in the production of light industry products during 2022, at the same time, there is a significant shortage of qualified personnel in light industry, which is a significant deterrent to the development of industrial production. The article reveals in detail the content of the factors influencing the requirements for the qualification of a modern specialist in light industry. Separately, the author dwells on the role of educational organizations of secondary vocational and higher education in training personnel for light industry, and also determines the importance of continuous multi-level training. The article gives recommendations on the support of multi-level educational complexes, the implementation of which will allow intensive training of qualified personnel and to reduce the shortage of industry personnel significantly.

Keywords:

personnel training, qualification, light industry, an industry sector, employer, shortage of personnel, continuous training, multi-level training, an educational organization.

С. 226-234

 

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THE INITIAL STAGE TEACHING THE RUSSIAN PHONETICS AND GRAPHICS
TO FOREIGNERS IN THE ONLINE AND DISTANCE FORMAT

Borchenko V. S.                                     DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-3-235-245

Abstract.  

Currently, one of the problems in teaching Russian to foreign students is the choice of digital resources. It is especially difficult to choose the Internet tools during the introductory phonetic course. In this study, the author analyzes the specifics of teaching phonetics and graphics at the initial stage in the online and distance formats. The training sites are considered as resources for forming audiolingual and writing skills both when working together with a teacher online and when students are engaged in independent distance activities. Video materials for teaching graphics have been developed. The effectiveness of the use of the Internet resources and video materials in practical activities when teaching phonetics and writing at the initial stage is confirmed.

Keywords:

graphics, phonetics, writing, a pre-university stage of preparation, an introductory phonetic course, audiolingual skills, video materials, online.

С. 235-245

 

 

YOUNG SCIENTISTS’ VISION

 

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BUILDING AN INDIVIDUAL EDUCATIONAL TRAJECTORY
OF PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

Savelyeva E. P.                                           DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-3-246-251

Abstract.  

The issue of improving the quality of education through the development of individual educational trajectories is being considered. The relevance of the topic raised is due to the need to predict the development of personality in the changing modern educational environment.

Keywords:

education, an educational trajectory, research, training, individual training, self-development, self-education, an individual training plan.

С. 246-251

 

 

Sunday, 21 May 2023 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2023 № 2

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 2-2023

CONTENTS

 

Philosophy 5.7

 

ONTOLOGY AND EPISTEMOLOGY

 

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VARIATIONS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN QUALIA AND THE SELFHOOD
IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF MIND

Shheglova M. I.                                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-2-11-16

Abstract. 

The article substantiates the need to study the relationship between the quality as sense-datum and selfhood. Three variations of this relationship are given: the selfhood as the result of the totality of qualia, the selfhood as a quale of a special kind, and the selfhood as a phenomenon of consciousness that is distinctive from qualia. To justify each position, the views of Strawson, Hume, Parfet, Nagel, and Domasio are cited. A gedanken experiment about the translation of qualia is formulated, on the example of which the author finds internal contradictions in the admitted types of relationships of the studied concepts. The conclusion is made that the separation of selfhood from qualia is logically deductive.

Keywords

quality (sense-datum), selfhood, gedanken experiment, the theory of consciousness, identity, the personality identity.

С. 11-16

 

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OPENNESSS AS AN INTELLECTUAL VIRTUE

Elbakyan A. A.                                                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-2-17-30

Abstract. 

Virtue epistemology is a non-classic branch of epistemology, which is concerned with intellectual virtues of an epistemic agent. Epistemic virtues are understood either as cognitive abilities, or as those character traits, or personal qualities that are important for cognition. Openness of mind is one of the most prominent intellectual virtues discussed in current literature on virtue epistemology. This article presents an attempt to analyze the concept of openness available in the literature to date, and to compare openness with other types of epistemic virtue, such as intellectual courage and generosity. The findings prove that these virtues can be viewed as different facets of openness, and that, for more sufficient philosophical analysis of openness, other branches of knowledge, such as psychology, should also be considered.

Keywords

virtue epistemology, intellectual virtues, openness, parrhesia, psychology, big five, Nicomachean ethics, intellectual courage, open access.

С. 17-30

 

HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY

  

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PHILOSOPHY AS OPPOSITION AND INTERACTION OF TRADITIONS

Makaryev I. V.                                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-2-31-42

Abstract. 

The article attempts, based on modern Western and Russian philosophy, to show that philosophy could be understood not only as the interaction or conflict of individuals, but also as the interaction or conflict of philosophical trends or traditions. Since each of us is not just an individual “i” or even “I”, as each of us is “more” than him- or herself, which means that one of the decisive tasks of modern philosophy is the need to comprehend the question: what is the tradition? The author attempts to answer this question on a specific example of the divergence and new convergence of two influential traditions of the Western philosophical thought: “continental” and “analytical” in the 20th century. This makes it possible to show a new approach to the problem of tradition in philosophical thinking.

Keywords

tradition, authority, prejudice, analytical philosophy, continental philosophy, metaphysics, history, hermeneutical understanding, natural sciences, human studies.

С. 31-42

 

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PREREQUISITES AND DEVELOPMENT OF SYNERGETIC METHODOLOGY
IN THE ORGANIZATION OF EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES

Popchenko E. S.                                                  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-2-43-50

Abstract. 

In today’s context, the education system is undergoing constant change to keep pace with the changing world and the discoveries of science. However, the very structure and constituent institutions responsible for generating and transmitting new knowledge require a fundamentally new approach to their organization to ensure more effective learning in secondary and higher education for future generations, as well as a more accelerated and progressive development of science. Synergetics can be considered as one of such methodologies that contributes to a better understanding of the organization of adaptive, complex, and multifaceted systems, actively developing its influence in the minds of many modern philosophers and researchers. In this article, the historical and philosophical formation of synergetics is presented in the context of its application in the field of education system reorganization, which is already being elaborated by educators.

Keywords

science, education, pedagogy, synergetics, man.

С. 43-50

 

SOCIAL AND POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY

 

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CONFLICT AND BULLYING AS SOCIAL PHENOMENA IN THE MODERN SOCIETY

Galimbekova F. S.                                                  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-2-51-57

Abstract. 

This study defines the nature of social conflict and bullying. The novelty of the research is determined by the relevance of the topic, the specifics of methodological approaches, their diversity and effectiveness. The article proposes the solution to the problems associated with bullying and conflict by applying the Conflict Resolution Studies. It is revealed that macro-level conflicts and micro-level conflict behavior are not only interrelated, but also causally conditioned. The study proposes ways to form the integrity of society, as well as recommendations how to prevent and avert bullying. The main ideas of the work were used in the development of the Theory of Conflictology (Conflict Resolution Studies), teaching Philosophy and Sociology, in making managerial decisions, in the media; they were presented at scientific and practical conferences and published in academic journals.

Keywords

conflict, bullying, mobbing, trolling, neo-Freudianism, psychoanalysis, stratification, aggression, Marxism, structural functionalism, constructivism.

С. 51-57

 

 

Psychology 5.3

 

PEDAGOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY, PSYCHODIAGNOSTICS OF DIGITAL EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENTS

 

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FACILITATION AS AN INNOVATIVE METHOD OF DEVELOPING THE PRE-SERVICE TEACHER’S PROFESSIONAL PERSONALITY

Sorokoumova G. V., Shurygina O. V.                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-2-58-65

Abstract. 

The article describes pedagogical facilitation as one of the most innovative methods of developthe professional personality of pre-service teachers. The authors analyze distinguishing features of future specialists and professionals in education, professional competences, which must be developed during the educational process, and modern educational technologies, which can be used to form the professional personality of future teachers within the pedagogical universities. Special attention is paid to the study of the method of pedagogical facilitation when developing the professional personality of future teachers. The results of the empirical study show the influence of the pedagogical facilitation method on pre-service teachers’ values and achievement motivation in their pedagogical activity.

Keywords

professional competence, a professional personality of the teacher, innovative methods in education, facilitation, pedagogical facilitation, terminal values.

С. 58-65

 

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FEATURES OF MANIFESTATION OF PROFESSIONAL BURNOUT SYNDROME IN LECTURERS OF ECONOMIC AND MEDICAL FIELDS OF TRAINING

Silchenkova S. V., Tsareva V. M.                 DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-2-66-73

Abstract. 

The article presents a study of the level of professional burnout of lecturers of two universities. The levels of professional burnout of lecturers working with students of economic and medical fields of study are compared. The K. Maslach and S. Jackson’s technique was used, which contains three scales: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduction of personal achievements. The study showed that the level of the professional burnout is medium despite the university considered. However, in comparison with the lecturers teaching medical students, those of Economics proved to have a higher level of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization, and a lower level of reduction in personal achievements. Possible reasons for this difference are given.

Keywords

a professional burnout, a lecturer, university, emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, reduction of personal achievements.

С. 66-73

 

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FEATURES OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF YOUNGER SCHOOLCHILDREN’S SKILLS
OF SAFE BEHAVIOR IN A RESIDENTIAL BUILDING BEING ON FIRE

Andreeva M. V., Kondaurova O. P.,
Fedenko N. Yu. 
                                               
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-2-74-89

Abstract. 

The article presents the results of studying the peculiarities of developing the skills of safe behavior of younger schoolchildren in a residential building being on fire. The relevance of the topic is due to the unpreparedness of children for the implementation of actions necessary to save their lives and health in fire. The study showed that the difficulties of younger schoolchildren in implementing safe behavior in a fire situation, insufficient attention to the development of skills and behavioral strategies in the educational process of an educational institution necessitate the development of a secondary school program to form the skills of safe behavior of children in fire in a residential building, considering the identified features of the development of these skills.

Keywords

safe behavior, psychology of safe behavior, fire-safe behavior of schoolchildren, development of safe behavior skills, psychological determinants of safe behavior.

С. 74-89

 

SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC PSYCHOLOGY 

  

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CONCEPTS OF HAPPINESS AS PREDICTORS OF SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING OF CADETS OF THE TROOPS OF THE NATIONAL GUARD OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Vorozheikin S. A.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-2-90-104

Abstract. 

This study examines the characteristics of cadets’ ideas about happiness as predictors of subjective well-being components. Such knowledge will help in the development of programs for the socio-psychological support of military personnel in order to reduce the factors that have a negative impact on their morale and psychological state.

Keywords

predictors of subjective well-being, factors of well-being, ideas about happiness, indicators of happiness.

С. 90-104

 

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DIFFERENCE IN THE PERCEPTING COMMUNICATION WITH JOURNALISTS
BY MEDICAL STUDENTS WITH DIFFERENT LEVEL OF EXTRAVERSION

Knyazev E. B., Sergeev A. S.                      DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-2-105-119

Abstract. 

This article presents the results of a study (N = 171) on the analysis of ideas of medical students with different severity of extraversion about communication with journalists. The results obtained show that students with high extraversion are ready for communication in the form of television interviews, are confident in themselves and are sure that their voice will not arouse suspicion on the part of journalists. Also, these students are characterized by the awareness of their own ability to formulate the ideas and thoughts clearly and quickly. Students with low extraversion tend to be self-conscious of their own emotional stress and fears when communicating with journalists. The study findings broaden understanding of problems of teaching medical students how to communicate with journalists.

Keywords

professional communication, communication between doctors and journalists, extraversion.

С. 105-119

 

 

Pedagogics 5.8

  

MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

 

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BIG DATA IN THE CONTEXT OF INFORMATION EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

Boyarinov D. A.                                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-2-120-132

Abstract. 

The article discusses the problem of using big data when learning within the information educational environment, in particular, for obtaining and processing big data to create individual learning paths. The conclusion is made about the formation of big data sources within the existing digital educational platforms and education management systems, the analysis of which allows one to solve a wide range of problems that arise in the design, organization, implementation, and monitoring of the educational process in modern conditions.

Keywords:

information educational environment, Big Data, digital educational platforms, individual learning paths.

С. 120-132

 

THEORY OF EDUCATION

 

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TYPOLOGY OF LINGUODIDACTIC RESEARCH AND THE PROBLEM
OF THE SCIENTIFIC STATUS OF LINGUODIDACTICS

Reutov M. I.                                                  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-2-133-141

Abstract. 

The article deals with the issue of ambiguity in wording the subject and the description of the content of linguodidactics as a branch of science. This problem makes it difficult to determine its scientific status. On the basis of the analysis of the history of the formation and development of linguodidactics, the author made an attempt to create a typology of linguodidactics research using a dichotomous division in accordance with certain characteristics. The results obtained made it possible to identify specific areas in linguodidactics, as well as to create a typology of scientific approaches to solving the problem of the legitimacy of its existence and its independence. The consideration of linguodidactics as an integral part of methodological science made it possible to avoid the absolutization of its independence, as well as its identification with the methodology of teaching foreign languages, and the presentation of fundamental and interdisciplinary linguodidactic approaches as complementary parts of one branch of science created the prerequisites for the final determination of the content of linguodidactics and its status.

Keywords:

linguodidactics, methodical science, linguodidactic research, typology, a scientific status, a fundamental linguodidactic approach, an interdisciplinary linguodidactic approach.

С. 133-141

 

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

 

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THE GENESIS OF THE REFORM OF SCHOOL MATHEMATICAL EDUCATION IN FRANCE AND ITS IMPACT ON MATHEMATICAL EDUCATION IN THE USSR DURING THE 1960S–1970S 

Boguslavsky M. V., Sadovnikov E. Yu.            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-2-142-156

Abstract. 

This article examines the reform of school mathematics education in the 1960s and 1970s in France and compares this reform with a similar reform in the USSR. The prerequisites for the adoption of the reform in France, as well as its syllabus, are considered. Also, this syllabus is compared with the mathematics syllabus of the USSR, actual during the period from 1970 to 1977. The main features of the teaching methods within the French syllabus based on the French textbook «Collection Queysanne – Revuz “Mathematicque”» are highlighted. The main reasons of the problems of implementing the reform in France and the USSR during the 1960s–1970s are formulated.

Keywords:

A. Lichnerowicz, A. N. Kolmogorov, reform of mathematics education, set-theoretical approach, Bourbaki, history of pedagogy and education.

С. 142-156

 

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION

 

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ADAPTATION OF STUDENTS OF A TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY
TO STUDY A NEW FOREIGN LANGUAGE

Ivanova E. A.                                                 DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-2-157-169

Abstract.  

The article deals with the problem of adaptation of first-year students at a technologic university to learning a foreign language, which is different from that they studied at all school levels of education. This situation occurs in most cases when it is impossible to teach some students in the continuing group due to the lack of the required level of knowledge, skills and abilities in the field of a foreign language. Violation of the principle of continuity of foreign language education in this case is associated not only with a change in discipline, but also with the ability to learn foreign languages, the presence of a phonetic base, expanded in comparison with their mother tongue, possession of the technique of memorizing vocabulary, ideas about different types of grammatical structure in different languages. In order to study the circumstances hindering the process of adaptation of first-year students to learning a foreign language from scratch, an empirical study and testing of students were carried out. The polls and the test revealed the students’ level of linguistic preparation when starting their studies; the degree of development of linguistic abilities; the degree of motivation to learn foreign languages in general, and French in particular; their ability to self-organization, self-discipline, independent work; the degree of adaptation to the lack of total control over the educational process, undistorted perception of a new educational situation. The obtained results were analyzed and ways of solving the problem of a weak degree of adaptation were proposed.

Keywords:

principle of continuity in teaching, difficulties of students’ adaptation, factors of adaptation, learning a foreign language from scratch, a non-linguistic university.

С. 157-169

   

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MATERIALS IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEXTBOOKS UNACCEPTABLE FOR APPLICATION IN THE REALITIES OF EDUCATION IN RUSSIA: POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS

Kharlamenko I. V.                                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-2-170-182

Abstract.  

The article examines the issue of the inaccessibility of some topics offered in learning kits published by foreign publishing houses for teaching a foreign language at school in Russia. A modern textbook belongs to the educational means and should contain valuable material from the educative point of view. The lack of educational potential can have a devastating effect on the young reader. The content of the textbook should be aimed not only at the development of foreign language communicative competence, but also at the spiritual and moral development of the student’s personality. From a tool for knowledge transfer, the modern textbook has become a tool for socialization, and it can have both positive and negative socializing effects, that is, it can either promote the integration of the individual into the surrounding society or prevent this process. Imperfections in the learning materials can have significant cultural and social consequences. A limited range of topics covered in the education standards is expected in textbooks confirmed by the Ministry of education of the Russian Federation, while there is no such guarantee in case of foreign publishing houses. Despite such undoubted advantages of monolingual foreign language teaching materials from foreign publishers as authenticity, a high level of language material, modern topics, colorfulness, etc., there are disadvantages that require additional attention.

Keywords:

a learning kit, learning material, a textbook, teaching a foreign language at school.

С. 170-182

  

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION

 

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ACTUALIZING THE STUDENT’S SUBJECT POSITION WITHIN VARIOUS FORMS OF EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES ORGANIZATION

Abakumova I. V., Mironenkova N. N.           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-2-183-190

Abstract.  

The article considers the subject position of the student as the main condition for manifesting their professional competencies and practical experience. The didactic conditions for actualizing the subject position in the educational process and developing a professional personality are highlighted: the student’s independent work, the creation of choice situations, the implementation of dialogue and interactivity, the activation of one’s creative potential, the state of reflection, forecasting. The survey findings on students’ attitudes to various forms of organizing the educational activities (individual, group, and frontal) are presented.

Keywords:

the subjective position, independence, freedom of choice, dialoguing, interactivity, forecasting, reflection.

С. 183-190

 

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DEVELOPMENT OF COGNITIVE INDEPENDENCE OF STUDENTS OF GRADES
5–9 WHEN STUDYING MATHEMATICS BASING ON EDUCATIONAL TASKS

Kamalova D. Z., Solomennikova V. A.               DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-2-191-200

Abstract.  

The purpose of this study is to identify and substantiate the pedagogical conditions for the development of cognitive independence of adolescents in the framework of the basic school. In this regard, one of the main tasks of the modern school is the continuous increase in the level of cognitive independence of students. It is a common fact that personality is formed and manifested through an independent cognitive activity, readiness for mental activity and the ability to carry out intellectual activity. As an integrative quality of a person, activity is an important condition and means for the development of not only society as a whole, but also a fundamental step for the development of a student in modern society. Also, the activity approach plays an important role, which manifests itself in the process of development and functioning of all personality traits. In addition, a key factor in the organization of the educational process is the cognitive independence of the student. Today, teachers are entrusted with the task of forming the independence of school students as a full-fledged quality, and not as part of individual competencies. The cognitive independence in the modern structure comprises several components: emotional-value, cognitive and activity; its development is not considered when these components are separated from each other, without mutual understanding between the teacher and the student. To do this, a real teacher is also a mentor who has the conditions for the successful development of skills and knowledge, forms of schoolwork, giving a variety of its techniques.

Keywords:

cognitive independence, studying mathematics, secondary school, development of independence, problems at school, self-development, learning tasks.

С. 191-200

 

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MIND MAPPING TECHNOLOGY IN THE SYSTEM OF HIGHER EDUCATION
OF PRE-SERVICE LAWYERS

Sakulina Ju. V., Ionova E. B.              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-2-201-208

Abstract.  

The article discusses the problems and advantages of using mind mapping in the educational process. The use of mental maps allows one to establish a high-quality feedback between students and the teacher. The introduction of mind mapping technology will make it possible to develop classes taking into account the level of preparedness of trainees, their capabilities and needs. The creation of “intelligence maps” is a powerful technique that allows one to increase the level of assimilation and efficiency of work.

Keywords:

mind mapping, visibility, the level of assimilation, an intelligence map, a tool, mental maps, feedback.

С. 201-208

 

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PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS FOR ASSESSING THE READINESS OF PRE-SERVICE IT TEACHERS TO WORK AT SCHOOL WITH THE USE OF METACOGNITIVE SKILLS

Kvashko L. P., Kazeeva G. G.                DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-2-209-222

Abstract.  

The purpose of the article is to highlight the results of a study on the creation of pedagogical conditions for assessing the readiness of pre-service IT teachers to use information and communication technologies at school using one of the metacognitive skills − the assessment of their own professional significance. Main methods: pedagogical experiment; survey methods (questionnaire, conversation); method of comparing students’ self-assessments with the assessments of these students’ teachers. The following pedagogical conditions were identified: setting students a task, their self-control and self-assessment activities, comparing students’ self-assessments with teachers’ assessments and discussing them. The practical significance of the work was expressed in the acquisition of experience in self-assessment of their professionally significant skills by students participating in the study. The value of the work: this study shows that the development of metacognitive skills happens in a specially organized self-assessment activity during the period of study at the university.

Keywords:

professional skills (hard skills), metacognitive skills, students’ self-assessment, readiness for work in school, university education, an educational process, IT teachers.

С. 209-222

 

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LINGUODIDACTIC POTENTIAL OF INTERNET MEMEs AS A MEANS
OF TEACHING ENGLISH TO NON-LINGUISTIC STUDENTS

Zolotareva S. A.                                     DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-2-223-232

Abstract.  

The paper raises the issue of using non-traditional methods of teaching English to students of non-linguistic training programs, which is relevant for modern education. In particular, the potential of using Internet memes as a means of linguodidactics in the process of teaching English to political science students is considered. Evaluation of the linguodidactic effectiveness of using the specified Internet phenomenon at the university is the research task of this work. The purpose of the article is to determine the advantages of using Internet memes as a means of working with the professional vocabulary of the English language, as well as to describe a possible algorithm for using this technique and test it during a real pedagogical experiment. To achieve the research objective, a set of theoretical and empirical methods was used. The article presents an overview of current foreign and domestic research on this Internet phenomenon and identifies the advantages of using Internet memes in the process of teaching modern students.

Keywords:

Internet meme, the English language, information technology, humanization of education, non-traditional teaching methods, a non-linguistic university, linguodidactics, students of non-linguistic training programs.

С. 223-232

 

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DEVELOPMENT AND HISTORY OF THE COPYING METHOD IN TEACHING FINE ARTS

Novozhilov I. I., Zubrilin K. M.           DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-2-233-239

Abstract.  

The article deals with the history of copying as one of the most ancient tools for teaching drawing. Copying has been accompanying a human being since the appearance of the first drawings. The paper considers features of copying as a method of teaching pictorial arts from ancient times to the present day.

Keywords:

pictorial art, a copying method, a copy, copying, history, Egypt, Greece, Rome, the Middle Ages, Renaissance, Academy of Arts.

С. 233-239

 

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DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS’ TECHNOLOGICAL THINKING BY THE DIDACTIC TASKS AT THE GARMENT PROCESSING LESSONS

Mukhitdinova J. R.                                     DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-2-240-253

Abstract.  

In the given article, the number of structural components of thinking in comparison with existing components has significantly increesed, the necessity to develop each of them within the modern technological activity of students’ has been substantiated. The article conciders structural components of technological thinking and didactic systems of their development in the process of students’ technological activity. The commonality of all components of the technological thinking for various technological processes is emphasized and their special significance in developmental education at the garment processing lessons is shown.

Keywords:

imagery, functionality, efficiency, a component of a technical language proficiency, economical efficiency, competitive ability, production diversification, critical analysis, garment processing, design, technique, technology, development, thinking, structure, organization, conceptuality.

С. 240-253

 

YOUNG SCIENTISTS’ VISION

 

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VISUAL NOVEL AS A COMPONENT OF A VIRTUAL INTERACTIVE ENVIRONMENT IN TEACHING RFL

Kuznetsova V. I.                                           DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-2-254-261

Abstract.  

The article provides an analysis of modern research on the use of visual novels in foreign language education. The potential of using visual novels in the implementation of interactive reading and solving a problem-communicative task through its creative comprehension has been revealed. The advantages of visual novels over traditional educational texts in creating a virtual language environment, in reducing the emotional filter in students and in influencing their emotive sphere are described. The data of the study of the integration of the visual novel into the process of teaching Russian as a foreign language to Chinese students (level B1) are presented. The results of the tasks performed by foreign students after completing the visual novel instead of the traditional educational text allow us to assert the effectiveness of this technology not only in foreign, but also in domestic linguodidactics.

Keywords:

a visual novel, an affective filter, a virtual interactive environment, distance learning, Russian as a foreign language teaching methods.

С. 254-261

 

 

Sunday, 19 March 2023 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2023 № 1

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 1-2023

CONTENTS

 

 Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00 / Philosophy 5.7

 

HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY

 

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THE RELIGIOUS TEACHINGS OF EDWARD HERBERT

Sorokina T. B.                                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-1-11-17

Abstract. 

The article defines the internal logic of the religious teaching of Edward Herbert, who created the foundations of the philosophy of deism. The author shows that Herbert’s religious theory is built on a rationalistic epistemological foundation and has an ideological integrity. Using the doctrine of general concepts, Herbert proposed a new meaningful definition of religion, which allowed him to take his research beyond the confessional framework. An important component of Herbert’s theory of religion was the history of religion as a social institution.

Keywords

deism, E. Herbert, religion of reason, truth, paganism.

С. 11-17

 

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A NEW FAMILY IN A NEW SOCIETY: MARXIST FEMINISM OF A. M. KOLLONTAI

Martynova O. A.                                                  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-1-18-30

Abstract. 

The article is concerned with the work of A. M. Kollontai. The subject of consideration is the thinker’s understanding of family relations of the past, present and future of society. The relevance of the research is connected with the actualization of disputes about various family models and understanding of the family values in the context of the aggravation of social contradictions in modern society, which results in an active study of the history of family relations and their ideological justifications. The purpose of the work is to identify and systematize the views of A. M. Kollontai, which formed the basis of the family policy of the USSR, the socio-economic foundations of a particular type of family relations, the interdependence of society as a whole and family values; to trace the main stages of family development in A. M. Kollontai’s understanding; to highlight the advantages and disadvantages of the modern family, as well as ways to consolidate its advantages and eliminate shortcomings in the new, socialist society. Family relations were considered by Marxists, to whom A. M. Kollontai belonged, as part of a complicated complex of contradictions of class society, and the formation of a new family based on mutual respect and a sense of camaraderie should be carried out within the framework of the liberation of people from exploitation and alienation. The research methodology is the system analysis, reconstruction of the works of A. M. Kollontai, A. Bebel, C. Zetkin,
F. Engels on the research issue.

Keywords

A. M. Kollontai, feminism, Marxist feminism, communism, a women’s issue, family history, socialist society.

С. 18-30

 

PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

 

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THE LOGIC AND CRITICAL THINKING COURSE AS A TOOL FOR DEVELOPING SOFT SKILLS IN STUDENTS

Vranchan E. V.                                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-1-31-41

Abstract. 

The article analyzes the practical value of the course “Logic and Critical Thinking” as a tool to develop students’ soft skills, or the ability to solve complex problems effectively, think critically, and build teamwork. Such skills are universal because they can be useful in different professional areas and spheres of life. One of the most important soft skills is the skill of critical thinking, which can be effectively formed in the course “Logic and Critical Thinking” with the help of analytical reading and writing tasks. The article describes the experience of using this technology in the educational process and shows that a gradual, step-by-step process of forming cognitive activity and especially critical thinking as a basic soft skill contributes to the further development of other soft skills such as teamwork and finding non-standard solutions.

Keywords

soft skills, developing soft skills, critical thinking, logic, technology of critical thinking development through reading and writing, teaching techniques and methods.

С. 31-41

 

 

Psychological Sciences 19.00.00 / Psychology 5.3

 

PEDAGOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY, PSYCHODIAGNOSTICS OF DIGITAL EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENTS

  

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THE GENESIS OF JOINT ACTIVITY AS A CONDITION FOR THE FORMATION
OF A CHILD’S ABILITY TO THINK IN IDEAL IMAGES

Rodin Yu. I.                                                 DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-1-42-53

Abstract. 

The paper attempts to get closer to understanding the fundamental issues of psychology and pedagogy: how a person is able to go beyond sensory experience and acquires the ability to think in ideal images. When writing the article, dialectical, cultural-analytical, and interdisciplinary approaches were used. The initial theoretical positions of scientific reflection were: the doctrine of man in the culture of M. K. Mamardashvili’s, ideal in the interpretation of E. V. Ilyenkov’s; the provision of cultural and historical psychology, according to which the study of the most complex forms of conscious life requires the search for sources of human activity and conscious behavior in the external conditions of public life (L. S. Vygotsky, A. N. Leontiev, A. R. Luria and others); E. V. Ilyenkov’s understanding of jointly divided activity as an objective reality and a unit of socio-historical production; D. B. Elkonin’s provision on the movement of a child from situationality of objective comprehension of the world to comprehension of the meaning of objective activity through the mediation of an adult and the development of this provision by B. D. Elkonin and V. V. Rubtsov in the concepts of “jointly distributed action” (co-action), “intermediary action”.

Keywords

joint subject activity, practical and cognitive activity, ideal, thinking, subject.

С. 42-53

 

SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC PSYCHOLOGY

  

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“FLUID SUBJECT” IN “LIQUID MODERNITY”: PROBLEMS OF SOCIALIZATION UNDER UNCERTAINTY

Sapogova E. E.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-1-54-66

Abstract. 

Within the framework of the existential approach, the results of the author’s analysis of the features of the genesis of a new “fluid subject” in the conditions of awareness of the increasing uncertainty of existence (“liquid modernity”) are presented. In the context of understanding a modern person as an open system, the peculiarities of the life values of the emerging new identity (the values of life time, assertiveness, individual complexity, self-efficacy, realism, life minimalism, etc.) are considered. It is shown that for the “fluid subject” it becomes difficult to set clear-cut trajectories of the life path and stable “normative” guidelines in planning an individual future in socialization. A number of main factors are formulated that determine the difficulties of modern transitional stage of the socialization: the transformation of the anthropocene into “novacene”; transformation of information into the basic resource of development; the becoming of a universal “algoculture” replacing the traditional inculturation; erosion of the specifics of age subcultures that changes the structure of the personality of new generations; the increscent processes of co-figurative and pre-figurative socialization, the change from vertical to horizontal socialization.

Keywords

uncertainty, socialization, a “fluid subject”, identity, sense, value.

С. 54-66

 

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SOCIAL EGOCENTRISM AND EXPERIENCES OF THE SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING
OF MODERN STUDENT YOUTH

Tarabakina L. V., Osipova A. A.                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-1-67-74

Abstract. 

The article discusses the determinants of experiencing the subjective well-being of social life by students. The purpose of the study is to examine the relationship between the characteristics of social egocentrism and experiences of positive subjective well-being in today’s student youth. The study sample consists of 60 students of higher education institutions of various major and forms of education. We used the “scale of psychological well-being” by K. Riff adapted by T. D. Shevelenkova, P. P. Fesenko and the projective method of social egocentrism by T. I. Pashukova. The conducted research confirmed that the modern youth differentiate with the respect to the indicators of experiences of subjective well-being and social egocentrism. The links between the manifestations of social egocentrism and indicators of subjective well-being experiences are analyzed: with high manifestations of egocentrism, positive indicators of subjective well-being experiences decrease worsening well-being, satisfaction with educational achievements and life in general, which, in turn, blocks the formation of socio-psychological maturity, the constructiveness of interpersonal relationships, opportunities for self-education.

Keywords

a subjective well-being, social egocentrism, socio-psychological maturity, the student youth.

С. 67-74

 

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DYNAMICS OF RESISTANCE OF CADETS OF A MILITARY INSTITUTE 

Galiev R. R.                                              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-1-75-86

Abstract. 

The article studies the dynamics of individual components of the resilience of cadets of a military university. The purpose of the study is to analyze the value-semantic, personal and social components of the resilience in terms of identifying crisis periods and relatively stable stages of learning. A part of the empirical study is presented, the sample totals 250 young men in their 1–5 years of study, the sample is evenly distributed. The results of the study prove that resilience is a complex characteristic that determines the process of adaptation of cadets in educational and professional activities and its components. In the system of training cadets of the military institute, both crisis and relatively stable stages of professional socialization are noted. In this regard, a methodological justification and elaboration of a program for developing resilience in cadets of a military institute and a system of psychological support at each year of study, at each stage of their professional socialization are required.

Keywords

resilience, military institute cadets, crisis stages, resilience dynamics, adaptation, personal resources.

С. 75-86

 

 

Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 / Pedagogics 5.8

   

MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

 

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IMPLEMENTATION OF TARGETED METHODOLOGICAL SUPPORT FOR SCHOOLS PARTICIPANTS IN THE PROJECT “SCHOOLS YOU CAN TRUST”: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS

Boguslavsky M. V., Filatova A. V.,
Nikolaev M. V., Lugov I. A.
                           
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-1-87-100

Abstract. 

The article discusses the results of monitoring in 2022 of the implementations of the regional project «Schools you can trust». The Project has been carried out in Moscow region since 2020. The problems of implementation of the Project in schools are analyzed, recommendations are proposed for eliminating risk factors for achieving the planned results by schools participating in the Project.

Keywords:

schools with low educational results, which function in difficult social conditions; schools you can trust; regulatory documents of the Project.

С. 87-100

  

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

 

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F. M. WENDT’S PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL CONCEPT OF WOMEN'S EDUCATION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE PROBLEMS OF THE MODERN GENDER THEORY FORMATION

Plotnikov A. S.                                        DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-1-101-111

Abstract. 

The article examines the views of F. M. Wendt’s, an experimentalist and theorist of this direction in pedagogy of the second half of the 19th century during the period of the genesis of the gender approach, the initial “grasping” and conceptualization of this phenomenon and the elaboration of promising directions for its development. The significance of F. M. Wendt’s creative activity in the development of the conceptual provisions of the gender approach in pedagogy is shown. The results of, perhaps, one of the first practical experiments in this area – «teaching abstract thinking to girls» are considered. The contribution of F. M. Wendt in the development of issues of gender classification in connection with the forms of education from the point of view of the gender approach. The significance of the ontogenetic factor of gender differences, female psychology, comparative psychology for adapting (explication) of this knowledge into pedagogical rules and methods is substantiated. The connection of the issues under consideration with educational strategies and technologies for transferring knowledge from the interdisciplinary field to pedagogy is revealed. The actual importance of the questions under analysis in the context of gender problems of modern education is revealed.

Keywords:

a gender approach, a gender classification, gender psychology, comparative psychology, explication of ideas from the interdisciplinary field of gender knowledge into pedagogy, forms of education from the point of view of the gender approach, integrated education, overlapping education, a gender matrix, an ontogenetic factor of gender differences, educational strategies that consider gender differences.

С. 101-111

 

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THE GENESIS OF SOCIAL-PEDAGOGICAL ACTIVITY OF N. N. IORDANSKY
AT THE END OF THE XIXTH C. – BEGINNING OF THE XXTH C.

Zelenova Y. D.                                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-1-112-121

Abstract. 

The article presents the process of formation of approaches by N. N. Iordansky’s to implementing social education in the late XIX – early XX centuries. His practical activities as a prominent public figure are presented and the fundamental views on defining the essence of social education and the influence of the social environment on the formation of a child’s personality are characterized.

Keywords:

N. N. Iordansky, history of pedagogics and education, social pedagogics, social education, social-pedagogical thought.

С. 112-121

 

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THE PROBLEM OF FORMING SCHOOLCHILDREN’S LEARNING INTEREST
ON THE PAGES OF THE PIONEER MAGAZINE IN THE 1930-s OF THE XXth CENTURY

Goncharov M. A., Krivko I. P.                         DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-1-122-132

Abstract. 

The article presents an analysis of the articles of the Pioneer magazine published in the period from 1930 to 1939 from the point of view of reflecting in them the problem of forming cognitive interest among schoolchildren. It is shown that the formation of learning interest was carried out by accustoming schoolchildren to reading. The love of reading was presented as an integral feature of the Soviet pioneer. The magazine published literary works written specifically for children and youth audiences. Much attention was paid to the biographies of revolutionaries, writers, poets, composers adapted for the magazine’s audience. To stimulate learning interest, the magazine published materials about geographical expeditions, discoveries in various fields of scientific knowledge. Various contests were held for the pioneers, presenting the work of readers on the pages of the magazine.

Keywords:

the Pioneer magazine, learning, learning interest, schoolchildren, pioneer, reading, articles, contests.

С. 122-132

 

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THE INFLUENCE OF STATE POLICY ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF DOMESTIC CHEMICAL EDUCATION OF SCHOOLCHILDREN IN THE 1970–1980s

Polupanenko E. G., Zinchenko V. O.                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-1-133-144

Abstract. 

The article presents an analysis of the development of the domestic chemical education of schoolchildren in the period of the 1970–1980s under the influence of the state educational policy. The main measures to reform the system of secondary general education are reflected, which made it possible to quickly implement initiatives to improve the efficiency, consistency, and integrity of chemical education for schoolchildren, strengthening its polytechnical nature and practical focus. The authors have identified the most significant results of the reform, which can serve as the basis for solving problems of improving the quality of chemical education for schoolchildren at the present stage.

Keywords:

chemical education of schoolchildren, Soviet school, education in the Soviet period, Soviet educational policy, chemical education in the 70s–80s of the XXth century.

С. 133-144

 

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION

 

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THE INFLUENCE OF EXPERIENCE IN A MONTESSORI ENVIRONMENT
ON THE COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT OF PRESCHOOLERS

Bragina I. V.                                         DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-1-145-155

Abstract.  

The article discusses the results of an empirical study of the cognitive development of children with different learning experiences in a Montessori preschool environment. The objectives of the study are to identify indicators that are most sensitive to the influence of the Montessori environment at the preschool age; to characterize the features of the Montessori environment that positively affect the cognitive development of preschoolers. We analyzed data comparing two groups of preschoolers with different duration of kindergarten attendance of a Montessori pre-school institution. The first group included children who came to the Montessori group a year before school, the second group included children who completed a full three-year cycle of preschool education according to the Montessori system. We found significant differences in groups of children in terms of speech development, verbal thinking, structural visual intelligence, and attentional accuracy. These figures are higher in children with experience of the full cycle of education in the Montessori preschool groups. The article describes the conditions for a subject-spatial developing educational environment that provides a positive dynamic in the cognitive development of preschoolers.

Keywords:

Montessori environment, cognitive development, older preschoolers, speech development, speech thinking, structural visual intelligence, accuracy of attention.

С. 145-155

   

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EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES AS A FACTOR OF FORMING TOLERANCE
IN ADOLESCENTS

Bogacheva O. V., Pronina N. A.                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-1-156-163

Abstract.  

The political and economic processes of the late XXth – early XXIst centuries on the territory of the Russian Federation caused the emergence of new radical concepts in the public consciousness, had a negative impact on the atmosphere of the former unity of ethnic groups, who lived on the territory of the USSR. Currently, the state and teachers are faced with the issue of ensuring the development of tolerant personality traits of students in the process of multicultural education, especially ethnic tolerance and interethnic communication. The aim of the study is to form tolerance in older adolescents in extracurricular activities. The following research methods were used: the theoretical analysis of psychological-pedagogical and educational-methodical literature on the research topic, the comparative method, the method of generalization of accumulated experience; the method of psychological-pedagogical observation, the questionnaire-diagnostic method, the method of pedagogical experiment and the method of modeling. The experimental data obtained during the study were subjected to the quantitative analysis. The program for forming tolerance in older adolescents, which includes 11 extracurricular activities, has been developed and tested during the pedagogical experiment; its effectiveness has been proved. The study is practice-oriented and may be of interest to teachers, psychologists.

Keywords:

a teacher, tolerance, a teenager, a student, extracurricular activities.

С. 156-163

  

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THE IMPORTANCE OF PATRIOTIC EDUCATION OF JUVENILE CONVICTS
IN MODERN SOCIETY

Kolesov V. I.                                         DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-1-164-171

Abstract.  

The article considers the role of the patriotic education of juvenile convicts and maintenance of civic position by them. The author suggests ways to optimize the process of patriotic education in juvenile convicts, who serve their sentence in correctional institutions. The paper considers ways out of this complex problem of the Russian society, which has a certain impact on the spiritual and moral level of the younger generation in modern society. Currently, the focus of the state policy in the field of patriotic education of underage adolescents is the patriotic idea, on which the spiritual and moral essence of a person is based.

Keywords:

patriotism, spiritual and moral education, values, society, nationalism, extremism.

С. 164-171

 

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STRUCTURAL AND COMPONENT ANALYSIS OF THE VALUE ATTITUDE
OF CADETS TO THE SECURITY OF MILITARY SERVICE

Chaly A. N.                                         DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-1-172-181

Abstract.  

The article deals with the acute problem of forming the value attitude of cadets of a military educational organization of higher education to the security of military service, which is associated with the creation of an organizational and methodological system for developing value orientations of a cadet’s personality in the process of vocational training.

Keywords:

military education, vocational training, levels of development, educational and professional activity, the value-semantic sphere, value orientations, a value attitude.

С. 172-181

 

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CONFLICT RESOLUTION IN THE EDUCATIONAL SPACE OF AN EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATION: THE VALUE ASPECT

Oskina S. V.                                         DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-1-182-190

Abstract.  

The scientific article explains the relationship between the educational space and the conflict situation, defines the conflict situation from the point of view of the event approach. The author shows the importance of a restorative culture and the use of a restorative approach in an educational organization when resolving conflict situations; reveals the content of the value component of a teacher’s competence in conflict resolution; highlights the problems that teachers and students identify in the process of teaching restorative practices and emphasizes the relevance of this issue for educational organizations.

Keywords:

educational space, a pedagogical event, a conflict situation, the value aspect of competence in a conflict resolution, a restorative culture, a restorative approach, community circles.

С. 182-190

 

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PROBLEMS OF TEACHER TRAINING FOR ANTI-CORRUPTION EDUCATION
OF STUDENTS

Korobkin A. N.                                         DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-1-191-197

Abstract.  

The issues of implementation of the requirements of the National Anti-Corruption Plan for 2021–2024 in pedagogical universities, issues of practical training of students for the implementation of the state anti-corruption policy and participation in anti-corruption education of students are considered. Recommendations are given on the content of training programs for students and retraining of serving teachers in the field of anti-corruption.

Keywords:

corruption, anti-corruption, anti-corruption education, anti-corruption education, anti-corruption enlightenment.

С. 191-197

 

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ETHNIC STEREOTYPE AS A FACTOR OF INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION
OF FOREIGN STUDENTS IN THE MULTICULTURAL EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF THE UNIVERSITY

Nimirovskaya Yu. K., Filipenko E. V.            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-1-198-204

Abstract.  

The article shows the importance of considering ethnic characteristics in the process of communicative interaction between foreign students, who belong to different cultures, speak different languages, have different values, customs and traditions in the multicultural educational environment of the university. Various approaches to defining an ethnic stereotype are analyzed; the understanding of the phenomenon of “ethnic stereotype”, which acts as an important predictor in joint educational activities and encourages communication of foreign students in the university educational environment, is revealed.

Keywords:

an ethnic stereotype, foreign students, inculturation, communication, educational environment.

С. 198-204

  

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION

 

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DIGITAL COMPETENCIES OF A TEACHER IN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION

Sinyaeva A. Yu.                                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-1-205-211

Abstract.  

The article considers two main research questions concerning the concept of digital competencies in general: objective competencies and subjective competencies. It is determined what these competencies include in the vocational and practical activities of a teacher. The connection of subjective competencies with the teacher’s reaction to technostress and trust in digital systems is also considered.

Keywords:

digitalization, a digital system, a digital competency, objective and subjective competencies, technologies, technostress and trust.

С. 205-211

 

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“IN THE BEGINNING WAS THE WORD”: THE FORMATION OF A COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCY OF SCHOOLCHILDREN OF THE 21ST CENTURY IN GERMAN TEXTBOOKS

Kurovskaya Yu. G.                                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-1-212-223

Abstract.  

The article discusses one of the key competencies of the Russian schoolchild of the 21st century – a communicative competency, which is of prime importance in teaching a foreign language. Based on the German textbooks, the article presents the features of its formation in terms of types of activity and demonstrates the ways of its implementation in the content block and the methodological apparatus of the textbook. It has been noted that in the process of forming the communicative competency, the content of the textbook should be aimed at accepting the value of another person and establishing communicative interaction with them. The patriotic, civil, and moral education of the schoolchild should be the fundamental basis of the content of the textbook. For the formation of the personality of a citizen of the Russian society of the 21st century, it is important that a foreign language as a means of communication becomes a guide for the student to the world of their own life, to the world of culture and history of Russia, thereby forming their love and devotion to the Motherland and the people, as well as the desire to be a worthy citizen of the country and to stand guard over its interests.

Keywords:

education, a textbook, the German language, the 21st century competences of a Russian schoolchild, a communicative competency.

С. 212-223

 

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METHODOLOGICAL GROUNDS OF INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE FORMATION OF PRE-SERVICE FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHERS

Sidorenko O. I.                                         DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2023-1-224-230

Abstract.  

The article is concerned with determination of the methodological foundations of intercultural communicative competence formation in pre-service foreign language teachers, which is due to changes in the requirements for the professional training of these specialists. The author provides a definition of this phenomenon with a description of its structural components. Among the methodological approaches that allow to form the intercultural communicative competence of the future foreign language teacher effectively, the following approaches were identified and characterized: student-centered, competence-based, communicative-activity based, intercultural and systemic. The principles of developing the intercultural communicative competence of a pre-service foreign language teacher, which are an integral part of the methodological foundations of this process, are determined.

Keywords:

foreign language education, a pre-service foreign language teacher, intercultural communicative competence, methodological approaches, principles.

С. 224-230

 

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THE ESSENCE OF A SAFE LIFESTYLE AND THE READINESS OF MEDICAL UNIVERSITY STUDENTS TO FORM IT

Shuaibova M. O., Bashtukayeva Z. I.,
Rabadanova P. M.
                                     
DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-1-231-241

Abstract.  

Within the framework of this study, various aspects of safe behavior and readiness of medical university students to lead a safe lifestyle are analyzed. An important role is assigned to the competence-based approach, which contributes to the development of knowledge, skills and abilities that allow students to realize the importance of the problems of ensuring the life safety, to master the basic techniques of first aid, methods of protecting operational personnel and the general public from possible emergencies. The essence of a safe lifestyle is revealed, consisting of criteria, indicators and levels of formation of safe life activity, where connections between all components of the studied system are established on their basis.

Keywords:

a safe lifestyle, criteria of development, the student youth, a competence-based approach, educational environment, harmful and dangerous factors.

С. 231-241

  

YOUNG SCIENTISTS’ VISION

 

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VALUE-TARGET FOUNDATIONS OF ETHNOECOLOGICAL EDUCATION OF BELARUSIAN FOLK PEDAGOGY

Shimanskaya I. M.                                           DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-1-242-251

Abstract.  

The article reveals the value-target foundations of organizing ethno-ecological education in the folk pedagogy of Belarusians. The purpose and objectives are defined, the role of goal setting and its structural components in the process under consideration are indicated. The paper describes the main aspects and functional properties of the system of goals of the ethnoecological education in the folk pedagogy of Belarusians. The most important factors determining the formation of the target foundations of the considered aspect of education are identified.

Keywords:

ethno-ecological education, ethno-ecological culture, the purpose of the ethno-ecological education, the system of goals, environmental protection activities.

С. 242-251

 

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ONLINE LEARNING OF THEATRICAL ART AND REALIZATION OF THEATRICAL CREATIVE ACTIVITY (ON THE EXAMPLE OF DISTANCE COURSE “LET THE THEATRE START!”)

Sukhov A. O.                                               DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2023-1-252-259

Abstract.  

The article raises the problem of ensuring the educational continuity in the artistic programs in the supplementary education system in the conditions of epidemiological restrictions. As an alternative format for organizing the educational process in these conditions, online learning with the usage of information platforms and distance courses is presented. The author describes the structure and content of the teaching materials on the distance course “Let the Theatre Start!”, which was created by teachers of additional education at Petrozavodsk municipal institution “Petrovsky Palace” (Republic of Karelia, Russia) on the basis of the theatre-studio “Atrium” as the educational and methodological complex for online learning of theatrical art. The content analysis results showing the implementation of online drama training in the leading institutions of additional education in Russia and the Republic of Karelia are described. It is concluded that the model of the course “Let the Theatre Start!” is one of the first among those, which are developing theatrical creative activity online.

Keywords:

stage activity, pedagogy of drama, supplementary education, online learning, a distance course.

С. 252-259

 

 

 

Sunday, 15 January 2023 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2022 № 6

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 6-2022

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00 / Philosophy 5.7

 

HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY

 

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TEACHING AS SHOWING THE WAY TO ACTIVE REVEALING IN MEISTER ECKHART’S SERMONS

Shurunov K. M.                                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-6-11-16

Abstract. 

The article examines a certain style of teaching, characteristic of the sermons delivered by Meister Eckhart in convents and Beguines’ communities in the beginning of the XIVth century. In order to do that, the concept of “active revealing” is introduced: the active revealing is a special state of speaking from the heart, which appears to be the purpose of teaching in Eckhart’s sermons. Then the article tackles Eckhart’s teaching method based on the analysis of spontaneous examples from the real life. The article argues that the result of such a method is an intuitive understanding of the unity of the world – the understanding that allows the student to reach the state of active revealing. In conclusion, the article highlights the potential relevance of this method in modern education.

Keywords

Meister Eckhart, sermons, active revealing, a teaching method, education.

С. 11-16

 

PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

 

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PHILOSOPHICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL IDEAS OF L. S. VYGOTSKY
IN THE CONTEXT OF MODERN PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE

Kozlova N. Yu.                                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-6-17-24

Abstract. 

The article discusses some philosophical and methodological views of L. S. Vygotsky’s presented in the study “The Historical Meaning of the Psychological Crisis”: on the role of the “fundamental concept” in the development of science and its connection with the “explanatory principle”, on the stage-by-stage transformation of a scientific discovery, on the origin of scientific concepts. The connection of these ideas with the problematic field of modern Philosophy of Science is considered.

Keywords

philosophy and methodology of science, a scientific concept, the explanatory principle, conceptual engineering, rhetoric of science, a public science.

С. 17-24

 

 

Psychological Sciences 19.00.00 / Psychology 5.3

 

SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY

  

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CORRELATION OF SOCIAL ATTITUDES AND PROSOCIAL BEHAVIOR
(on the example of generations X and Y)

Shvetsova M. N., Bakova V. V.                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-6-25-31

Abstract. 

The article presents the results of an empirical study of social attitudes and prosocial behavior of representatives of generations X and Y. It is shown that social attitudes such as altruism, justice and care are significantly more pronounced among representatives of generation X. Representatives of generation Y are more focused on individual values, internalized values, and they are more prone to publicity.

Keywords

social attitudes, altruism, justice, care, prosocial behavior, generation Y, generation X.

С. 25-31

 

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FEATURES OF PSYCHOLOGICAL READINESS FOR MARRIAGE OF STUDENTS
OF DIFFERENT FIELDS OF STUDY

Makarova E. Yu., Tsvetkova N. A.                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-6-32-47

Abstract. 

The article studies psychological readiness for marriage of modern students. A theoretical analysis of domestic and foreign literature on the study of the phenomenon of psychological readiness for marriage is carried out, the parameters affecting the level of readiness are defined. An empirical study was developed and conducted on the basis of Moscow institutions of higher educational: MPGU (the Humanities students) and MADI (technical training students). It is established that the most important motives for marriage among modern students, regardless of their field of study, are love, spiritual closeness, shared views and interests, sexual compatibility. Differences in the motivation for marriage and other parameters were also found. The results obtained can be used in the counseling work of Psychological services of universities when students apply for advice on interpersonal relationships.

Keywords

student youth, psychological readiness for marriage, family roles, value orientations, motives for marriage, psychological counseling.

С. 32-47

 

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ON THE CONCEPT OF IMAGE MANAGEMENT IN THE MUSIC INDUSTRY:
SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS

Belobragin V. V.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-6-48-54

Abstract. 

The article deals with the topical issues of social psychology as well as of related sciences: imagology, image psychology, music studies, etc. – questions on the concept of image management in the music industry from the viewpoint of social psychology. The theoretical foundations of image as a problem of socio-psychological science are considered. The author presents a theoretical analysis of the issues of the Russian music industry in the context of the social psychology of management. He also presents the results of his empirical research on identifying the image of the music industry and its representatives (soloists-performers) as a phenomenon of social perception and social representations, identifies the main image types depending on the style, genre, self-presentation, reputation (“classic”, “glamorous”, “retro”).

Keywords

image, personal image, corporate image, music industry, social psychology of management, image typing.

С. 48-54

 

MEDICAL PSYCHOLOGY

  

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ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN MEDICINE: CORRESPONDENCE OF EVERYDAY AND PROFESSIONAL UNDERSTANDING

Strelnikov S. S., Vokhmintsev A. P.,
Katkova A. L., Ushakova O. M. 
                      
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-6-55-69

Abstract. 

The article examines the problem of different understanding of artificial intelligence in everyday and professional aspects. The authors proceed from the common and professional understanding of the artificial intelligence as a technology. It is concluded that there is no consensus in the exact definition of the concept of the artificial intelligence. The existence of four types of understanding of the artificial intelligence technology is substantiated: mechanistic, subjective, evolutionary, biological (metaphorical) understanding. The authors come to the conclusion that all four types can coexist in the everyday and scientific discourse.

Keywords

artificial intelligence, understanding, medicine, discourse, professionalism.

С. 55-69

 
 
EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY

  

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CLIP WAY OF THINKING IN THE CONTEXT OF LEARNING PROCESS

Kubantseva D. I.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-6-70-79

Abstract. 

The article examines a clip way of thinking (mosaic thinking), which is formed in modern schoolchildren and students under the influence of multimedia and information technologies. This type of thinking is characterized by fragmentation, illogicalness, emotionality, a multichannel nature, violation of cause-and-effect relationships, and focus on the entertainment content. It is shown that the traditional education system does not correspond to the new type of thinking, which was especially evident in distance learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. To teach people with mosaic thinking, one does not need just adapt the learning process to it. Changing the format of resenting the information, putting it into the form of diagrams, clusters, clips and games, teachers should be guided by R. Mayer’s Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning, which focuses on motivation and metacognition. In the learning process, it is also necessary to use practices aimed at developing the ability to analyze, memorize, comprehend information, and understand cause-and-effect relationships.

Keywords

clip way of thinking (mosaic thinking), blip culture, multimedia technologies, the Internet, education, conceptual thinking, illogicalness, educational technologies.

С. 70-79

 

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VIOLENCE DIRECTED AGAINST TEACHERS: ANALYSIS OF MODERN RESEARCH

Ganuzin V. M.                                            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-6-80-88

Abstract. 

The article analyzes modern studies of violence directed against teachers by participants of the educational process. Literature evidence suggests that teachers are increasingly subjected to violence by students, their parents, colleagues and school administrators. Misbehavior and aggression in the classroom are among the most serious stress factors that can seriously reduce the teachers’ professional well-being and prevent them from building positive relationships in the class. The results of the research analysis show that the vulnerability of teachers to victimization is more often associated with conflict between students and the teacher. Support from the school authorities and good relationships with colleagues are valuable resources for developing positive emotions and reducing violence against teachers.

Keywords

a school climate, bullying, victimization, violence against teachers.

С. 80-88

 

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THE STUDY ON SATISFACTION AS A CRITERION OF PSYCHOLOGICAL SAFETY
OF PARENTS IN AN INCLUSIVE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

Slusareva E. S. Mizina N. N.               DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-6-89-103

Abstract. 

The article presents a study of the psychological safety of two groups of parents: parents raising children with neurotypical development and parents of children with different variants of atypical development. A comparative analysis of psychological safety indicators has been carried out: attitude (positive, neutral, negative), satisfaction and protection from violence. It has been revealed that the most significant criterion of psychological safety for parents is satisfaction. The study of parental satisfaction with life activities in an educational institution made it possible to identify general and specific characteristics of parental satisfaction of both groups of parents, those with children with typical and atypical development. Based on the cluster analysis, clusters of parents have been specified and three groups of parents with varying degrees of satisfaction with the educational environment as a whole and individual characteristic of interaction in it have been identified.

Keywords

psychological safety, inclusive educational environment, parental satisfaction.

С. 89-103

 

 

Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 / Pedagogics 5.8 

  

THEORY OF EDUCATION

 

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CULTUROLOGICAL APPROACH TO FORMING UNIVERSAL COMPETENCIES
OF THE FUTURE TEACHER

Shevchenko N. N.                                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-6-104-117

Abstract. 

In the context of the world globalization and informatization of societies and states, which are characterized by ambiguous perception and assessment of events taking place in the world, when there is a change in value orientations, attitudes and traditions, modern education faces the task of strengthening the cultural paradigm in the content of modern education. The Strategy for the Development of Education in the Russian Federation up to 2025 emphasizes that one of the fundamental directions of state policy is the formation of spiritual, moral and civil-patriotic values in the younger generation on the basis of the best examples of multinational Russian and world culture, familiarizing young people with the historical and cultural heritage of the country, its enrichment in various types of their creative activity. The article reflects issues related to teacher training in the educational space of the university in the context of a cultural approach, as one of the urgent problems of modern domestic education; the concept of culture and the main conceptual provisions of the culturological approach are considered from the positions of various authors in a historical and retrospective aspect. The results of a survey to identify the general cultural competencies of undergraduate students of the 2nd and 3d year of study at Petrozavodsk State University, who major in Pedagogical education, according to the developed criteria and indicators of the general culture of future teachers are presented.

Keywords:

a cultural approach, a personality culture, the professional and pedagogical culture, cultural values, vocational training, general cultural competencies, cultural and creative environment, creative activity.

С. 104-117

 

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COGNITIVE COMPONENT OF SCHOOLCHILDREN’S CIVIC COMPETENCE: CHARACTERISTICS AND DEVELOPMENT FEATURES IN THE CONTEXT
OF PRIORITIES OF THE FEDERAL STATE EDUCATION STANDARDS
OF SECONDARY GENERAL EDUCATION

Glebova M. V.                                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-6-118-132

Abstract. 

The article examines the problems of forming the cognitive component of the civic competence of students’ in a general education institution in the context of the requirements of the Federal State Educational Standards of secondary general education; the approaches to defining the terms of «civic competence» and «cognitive component of civic competence» are theoretically substantiated. The author offers a methodological model of civic competence, which includes cognitive, motivational, value-target, socio-cultural, individual-personal, operational-technological components. The description and level characteristics of the cognitive component are presented, which is considered as a system-forming factor in the structure of the model of the civic competence, it provides the formation of structural and functional relationships between heterogeneous elements of knowledge, their ordered set, systemacity, on the basis of which a holistic picture of reality is built and the actual process of human activity is carried out. Taking into account the integrative nature of the key competencies, the features of the development of the cognitive component of the civic competence of students’ at the level of secondary general education are determined.

Keywords:

civic competence, the competence-based approach, civic education, a cognitive component, intellectual development, a learning process, Federal State Education Standards of secondary general education.

С. 118-132

 

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THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF THE USE OF EDUCATIONAL INTERNET RESOURCES IN THE FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT
OF INFORMATION CULTURE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

Yakovleva A. V., Yakovleva Yu. V.                   DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-6-133-149

Abstract. 

The article provides an overview of the theoretical provisions and substantiates the relevance of theoretical and methodological study of the development of information culture of secondary school students via educational Internet resources due to the defining role of the formed information culture in the education system of secondary school students as a prerequisite for students to interact with modern educational resources effectively. The paper defines the purpose, objectives and methods of the research, which has a theoretical and methodological focus, in the field of formation of information culture of secondary school students via the educational Internet resources. The importance of the Internet for the educational process is noted, because thanks to it, schoolchildren not only get access to huge information arrays and streams, but also change the approach to implementing their own educational and cognitive activities.

Keywords:

information culture, educational Internet resources, information activities, information and communication technologies, a website, multimediality, interactivity.

С. 133-149

 

 

MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

 

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HOW TO EQUIP HIGHER EDUCATION

Ignatiev V. P., Varlamova L. F.,
Shakhurdin V. D.
                                             
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-6-150-163

Abstract. 

Currently, higher education in Russia is on the threshold of future transformations associated with the rejection of our country from the principles of the Bologna Declaration. The article presents a comparative analysis of higher education in Russia in terms of basic definitions, levels, standardization, the competency-based approach and assessment procedures, informatization of education, modern educational technologies, the new role of a lecturer and integration processes affecting the quality of education. After the mass transition to a level-based system of higher education in 2011, Russian universities have accumulated considerable experience in training bachelors and masters on the basis of the competency-based approach. However, the Russian system of higher education, the basis of which was formed during the Soviet period, could not fully adapt to the European system of higher education. The difficulty of implementing the principles of the Bologna Declaration in Russian universities was due to the fact that the tier system of higher education was introduced without taking into account the specifics and traditions of higher education in Russia. Based on the analysis of the main directions of the functioning of the national higher school, practical recommendations are given on possible ways to modernize the higher education system of the Russian Federation taking into account the main trends in its development.

Keywords:

higher education, standardization of higher education, the competency-based approach, informatization of education, lecturer, integration processes of universities.

С. 150-163

 

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THE SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS OF CHILDREN WITH A MIGRATION HISTORY
IN SCHOOL: THE CASE OF THE CHELYABINSK REGION

Omelchenko E. A., Shevtsova A. A.                DOI: 10.318