Sunday, 13 November 2022 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2022 № 5

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 5-2022

CONTENTS

 

 Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00 / Philosophy 5.7

 

PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION

 

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THE ROLE OF A TEACHER OF SOCIAL DISCIPLINES AND HUMANITIES
IN SHAPING STUDENTS’ SOCIAL IDENTITY (MENTAL COMPREHENSION
OF HISTORICAL TEMPORALITY)

Butenko S. V.                                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-5-11-21

Abstract. 

The article analyzes the role and place of an educator – a teacher of Social Sciences and Humanities when forming students’ social identity. The author highlights the relevance of the mental foundations functioning during a long historical period and considered as reference points for the social self-identification of a personality and society. The mental approach to the philosophical understanding of the processes and phenomena in education is suggested to be considered as a special kind of pedagogical technology aimed at forming and maintaining the identification vectors of a particular society. The teacher acts as an organizer of a mental dialogue, who participates essentially in the process of directed formation of the student’s social identity.

Keywords

social identity, mentality, attitude, social functions, mental approach, temporality.

С. 11-21

 

 

Psychological Sciences 19.00.00 / Psychology 5.3

 

MEDICAL PSYCHOLOGY

  

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MODERN ASPECTS OF TEACHING CHILDREN WITH DYSARTHRIA

Gareva T. A.                                                  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-5-22-30

Abstract. 

The article describes the significant and popular aspects of identifying and overcoming speech and language and motor disorders in children with dysarthria. A review of scientific and theoretical information on the study of the etiopathogenesis of dysarthria, the presence of variability in verbal and non-verbal disorders is presented. Modern technologies, methods and techniques of speech therapy work are demonstrated, aimed at organizing an integrated approach and developing a personalized approach for eliminating comorbid disorders in preschoolers with dysarthria in educational institutions.

Keywords

dysarthria, speech and language processes, motor processes, variability, comorbidity (codependency), personalized approach.

С. 22-30

 
 
EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY

  

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MAINTENANCE OF THE EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE CONCEPT
IN THE PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE

Konash O. V.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-5-31-38

Abstract. 

The article considers the phenomenon of emotional intelligence as one of acute psychological problems. The article covers the domestic and foreign approaches to defining the concept under analysis and provides the characteristics of models treating the structure of the emotional intelligence. Generalisation of existing approaches is given, the emphasis is placed on the approaches of domestic scientists, I. N. Andreeva in particular.

Keywords

intelligence, emotions, structure, skills, social intelligence, model, behaviour, a phenomenon, affect, an intrapersonal and interpersonal intelligence.

С. 31-38

 

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ON THE ROLE OF NEGATIVE EMOTIONS IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS 

Mironenkova N. N.                                      DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-5-39-47

Abstract. 

The article presents the results of the research concerning various aspects of the influence of negative emotions occurring during an educational process on the student’s personality. It has been revealed that negative states can act as a protective mechanism, an assistant or a hidden resource (a positive stress – eustress). It is determined that the assessment of events is conditioned by the cultural identity of the individual, followed by the emergence of positive or negative emotions. An emotional negative arousal promotes memory consolidation depending on the time interval, reduces the number of errors in judgment and leads to more effective interpersonal strategies, reduces blind confidence in relationships. In the pedagogical practice, the positive role of negative emotions and states was expressed in the idea of using the method of «developing comfort». The essence of the effective overcoming of discomfort is to restructure the behavior of the individual, associated with leaving the zone of ineffective, habitual comfort.

Keywords

negative emotions, a personality development, comfort zone, eustress, a language, cultural conditioning, a developing discomfort.

С. 39-47

 

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THE IDEAL MODEL OF PRACTICE IN PSYCHOLOGY

Miniyarov V. M., Miniyarova V. A.               DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-5-48-52

Abstract. 

The article discusses the organization of practice for students majoring in Psychology and Pedagogy. Special attention is paid to the correlation of the time spent on acquiring theoretical material and the student’s practical activities. An ideal practice model for students is proposed, where they will receive a concrete application of their personal qualities in the form of flexible skills that make up professional competence and have a practical application.

Keywords

psychological practice, professional experience, competence, the qualitative assessment of educational activity.

С. 48-52

 

 

Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 / Pedagogics 5.8

  

MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

 

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DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION OF EDUCATION: SAFETY AND WAYS TO ENSURE IT

Adolf V. A., Trusey I. V.,
Kuzhuget A. A.
                                                
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-5-53-66

Abstract. 

The digital transformation of education implies a transition to a new educational model based on the e-learning. However, the digital environment has negative factors that affect the physical, mental, social and personal health of participants of educational relations. The identified risk factors and threats affect the areas of electromagnetic, psychological, information and personal security. Currently, most of the risk factors of the pedagogical process are not taken into consideration and they are not reflected in the normative documents. In the field of electromagnetic safety, it is necessary to regulate the work of students with electronic learning aids, which are a source of electromagnetic fields. A number of threats have been identified in the field of information security of the digital educational environment. The main ones are the lack of licensing and accreditation of commercial organizations implementing e-learning; lack of expertise of digital educational content. In the field of psychological, social and personal security, there is a threat of forming electronic addictions of students’. The article suggests ways to solve the listed problems.

Keywords:

digitalization, digital transformation, e-learning, electromagnetic security, psychological security, information security, personal security.

С. 53-66

 

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ANALYSIS OF THE CURRENT MODELS OF GENERAL EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS IN THE REGIONS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Lomakina T. Yu., Vasilchenko N. V.,
Gudillina S. I., Kharisova L. A.
                      
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-5-67-83

Abstract. 

The article presents the outcomes of the first stage of the research, which involves the system analysis of the existing models of secondary educational establishments (SEEs) in five regions of Russia: Moscow city, Volgograd region, Krasnoyarsk krai, the Republics of Sakha (Yakutia) and Tatarstan. The initial data demonstrates that there are from 5 to 15 various SEEs in these regions. Kinds of SEEs and the degree of their differentiation depend on several factors, the analysis of which is being introduced in the article. Apart from that, a complete absence of local analysis and poor online presentation of all educational bodies have been discovered. Due to the conclusion, the research team proposes the amendment to the Federal Law “On Education in the Russian Federation” in terms of correction of types and kinds of SEEs along with the development of a unified site structure.

Keywords:

an educational establishment, school, types and kinds of a secondary educational establishment, system analysis, school with low educational outputs, the site of education authorities, differentiation.

С. 67-83

 

 

THEORY OF EDUCATION

 

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CIVIL AND PATRIOTIC VALUES AS A CATEGORY OF THE RUSSIAN
PEDAGOGICAL SCIENCE

Milovanov K. Yu., Ovchinnikov A. V.              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-5-84-93

Abstract. 

The article studies civic-patriotic values as a category of the Russian pedagogical science. The goals, priority tasks and leading trends in the development of civic and patriotic upbringing are characterized. The importance of civic-patriotic guidelines in the framework of activities to overcome anti-historical stereotypes is substantiated. It is determined that the patriotic upbringing contributes to assimilating spiritual and moral values, to acquiring civil, professional and cultural competencies. The historical and cultural significance and ideological content of civil and patriotic values are revealed. The question of the role and place of civic-patriotic values in strengthening intergenerational ties is considered.

Keywords:

upbringing, patriotism, civic consciousness, civic-patriotic values, the national education system, a pedagogical science.

С. 84-93

 

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FORMING SCHOOLCHILDREN’S HISTORICAL MEMORY: AN IMPORTANT PROBLEM IN THE ERA OF GLOBALIZATION

Novikov S. G., Zagumennov D. A.                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-5-94-104

Abstract. 

Globalization threatens the preservation of Russia’s sociocultural otherness. One of the most important obstacles to cultural unification, the loss of an individual image by the domestic society, is a mental phenomenon in science called «historical memory». At the level of public consciousness, it is a construction that represents the events of the past, significant for constituting a socio-cultural community, and turns its gaze to the past for the sake of continuing the community in the present and future. At the level of individual consciousness (at the level of personality), the historical memory manifests itself in assessing the present basing on the interpretation of the historical path of the community, to which the individual refers oneself. In the interests of the reproduction of the Russian socio-cultural community, the domestic pedagogical community should make it a priority to solve the problem of forming historical memory in school students.

Keywords:

historical memory, cultural memory, pupils, globalization, commemoration.

С. 94-104

 

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WHAT TEACHERS, STUDENTS AND THEIR PARENTS THINK ABOUT A GOOD TEXTBOOK

Osmolovskaya I. M., Popova A. I.             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-5-105-115

Abstract. 

The paper analyzes the results obtained during the questionnaire survey of teachers, students and their parents from different regions of Russia, aimed at identifying what the education subjects think about a good textbook. It shows that, when choosing a modern understanding of the textbook as a model of the educational process, many teachers actually consider the textbook as a means of presenting the content of the educational subject. This is evidenced by teachers’ answers to the questions of what their requirements for the textbook are, what functions the textbook fulfills, what should be changed in it. It is interesting what textbook pupils and their parents consider good. During the teachers’ further discussion of the textbook problem at the round tables, two lines of reasoning have been established: 1) nothing should be changed in textbooks and we should continue using them, because there are no changes in basic rules of the Russian language, theorems in Mathematics, or in Physics and Chemistry basics; 2) it is important not just to transmit information to students, but to develop knowledge, to create conditions for shaping their ideas about the world, so textbooks have to be designed quite differently.

Keywords:

a textbook, requirements for a textbook, a questionnaire survey, teachers, students, parents.

С. 105-115

 

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RESEARCH ON THE VILLAGE SCHOOL OF RUSSIA IN SEL “ELIBRARY.RU”
AND THE PRESENTATION OF THE SOCIO-CULTURAL SPACE OF THE VILLAGE SCHOOL IN A VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENT, INCLUDING IN SOCIAL NETWORKS

Gorbushov A. A.                                                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-5-116-123

Abstract. 

The article studies the research on village schools being carried out by various sciences. It reveals specifics of studying village schools as a socio-cultural phenomenon. The work carried out made it possible to consider the need for a socio-cultural approach as the main principle when studying village schools. Elements of the socio-cultural expediency of a village school and criteria for evaluating its activities have been developed, which are variable and depend on the objectives of the study. Depending on the nature and tools of the research, these criteria can be made the content of a sociological survey (with specification up to individual descriptors), an expert interview (with the formulation of open questions) or an analysis of documentation and products of the village school activities. It is proposed to use a socio-cultural approach as a general scientific methodological guideline when studying the village schools, which can also contribute to the scientific research of the village schools in other sciences.

Keywords:

a village school, research on the village school, a socio-cultural aspect, a socio-cultural space.

С. 116-123

 

 

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

 

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FIGURES OF ST. PETERSBURG CITY DUMA IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF PRIMARY EDUCATION

Sheveleva I. V.                                              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-5-124-132

Abstract. 

The article reveals the state of the study of the topic in historiography, presents the main groups of sources on which the author relies in her research. The main provisions of the article help to determine the prospects for further research: the development of an idea about the activities of St. Petersburg City Duma as a vivid example of public initiative in creating an urban educational environment.

Keywords:

the St. Petersburg school, primary school education, St. Petersburg City Duma, pre-revolutionary Russia.

С. 124-132

 

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DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENTIFIC AND METHODOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS
OF A SCHOOL TEXTBOOK IN THE DOMESTIC PEDAGOGY OF 1960–1980s

Boguslavsky M. V.                                              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-5-133-147

Abstract. 

The article presents the description of the process of developing the scientific and methodological foundations of a school textbook in domestic pedagogy in 1960–1980s. The methodological and didactic approaches to the scientific and theoretical foundations of the textbook theory are analyzed. Variable concepts of interpretation of theoretical approaches to creating school textbooks within the period under review are presented.

Keywords:

methodology, didactics, the school textbook theory, a school textbook, history of pedagogy and education.

С. 133-147

 

 

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION

 

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PERSONALIZATION OF THE UNIVERSITY TEACHERS EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT: MODEL DESIGN EXPERIENCE

Nevolina V. V., Garaeva E. A.               DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-5-148-159

Abstract.  

In modern conditions of socio-professional challenges and trends in the dissemination of a huge amount of knowledge, the possibilities of the educational environment for forming the ability of a university lecturer to navigate in various information flows are of crucial importance. The authors of the article have identified the potential of a teacher’s personal educational environment in the totality of opportunities (professional and personal growth of all subjects of the educational process, enrichment of higher education traditions, introduction of innovations in the digital educational environment, use of network technologies in education) and resources (educational, scientific and methodological, personnel, information, technical and technological). The results of the development and implementation of the authors’ innovative educational project to popularize the personal educational environment of a university teacher in the integration of educational, methodological, logistical, organizational, managerial and axiological components are presented. The authors implemented a model design of a teacher’s personal educational environment in the unity of directions (diagnostic and analytical, information and popularization, professional and practical, scientific and methodological, design and research) and guidelines (social, professional, personal). Depending on the professional context, both invariant and variable characteristics of the personal educational environment of a university teacher are revealed. The effectiveness of multidimensional educational, informational, and network interaction of subjects and the effectiveness of integration of social, professional and personal vectors of research are proved. The implementation of the authors’ project allows minimizing educational and professional risks: personnel, system, information, technological, contingent risks, and risks of standardization and the content of education.

Keywords:

personalization of education, personalization of the educational environment, personal educational environment, resources, opportunities, risks.

С. 148-159

 

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METHODS OF ORGANIZING THE FORMATION OF STUDENTS’ COGNITIVE INTEREST IN BIOLOGY LESSONS 

Pirogova A. S., Sakmarov Yu. A.,
Aryukova E. A.
                                           
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-5-160-168

Abstract.  

The article discusses the use of presentations in biology lessons to form the cognitive interest of the 8th grade students. The authors note that the use of presentation contributes to the development of students’ cognitive processes, namely attention and memory. The main criteria and techniques for developing students’ cognitive interest in biology lessons are noted. The relevance of the study is associated with a decrease in the cognitive activity of schoolchildren in relation to the subject area of biology and the replacement of it by means of the Internet. Stimulation of the cognitive interest is carried out by organizing active cognitive activity of students in biology lessons through the use of presentation material within the section of «Human Anatomy». This method of presenting biological material was tested within the period of teaching practice, which contributed to the reinforcement of the theory and proof of the effectiveness of the method. Thus, the use of presentation material in biology lessons, as well as on the basis of testing and observation, the authors note that the cognitive interest of the class in general has increased and that biological material does not seem to many to be as difficult to study as it was before. The paper suggests methodological recommendations for developing students’ cognitive interest with the help of various methods and techniques when studying human anatomy.

Keywords:

methods, biology, cognitive interest, presentations, a biology lesson.

С. 160-168

  

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DIGITAL COMPETENCES FORMATION OF A FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHER

Miftakhutdinova A. N.                                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-5-169-175

Abstract.  

The article deals with the author’s understanding of the requirements for a modern teacher of foreign languages in the context of digital education. The article presents the system of training students – future teachers of foreign languages – who have digital competencies, and describes the experience of developing digital competencies in lecturers at the Institute of Language and Literature.

Keywords:

a foreign language teacher, professional requirements, digital education, digital competencies, an educational program.

С. 169-175

  

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HISTORICAL ANALYSIS OF INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS’ ADAPTATION PROBLEMS IN RUSSIAN UNIVERSITIES

Grishina G. V.                                               DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-5-176-186

Abstract.  

The study aims to identify and study the periods of Russian education being popular with international students, as well as to analyze the dynamics of adaptation problems at different stages. The relevance of the study is due to the need to identify common historical trends of adaptation problems and their impact on the successful learning of international students in Russian universities. The problems, characteristic of each historical period, and the state measures, taken to solve such problems, are identified. To achieve the goal, a historical analysis is carried out that is based on statistics and scientific publications. The results obtained make it possible to classify adaptation problems according to the components of a new environment. They can be the foundation for the development of a methodology that contributes to the socialization of international students in Russian universities.

Keywords:

internationalization of education, teaching international students, adaptation of international students, adaptation problems, a “soft” power tool.

С. 176-186

  

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FEATURES OF TEACHING ENGINEERING DISCOURSE IN A FOREIGN LANGUAGE
AT A TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY: THE LINGUISTIC ASPECT

Vanchugova O. D., Frolova T. P.                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-5-187-193

Abstract.  

The article discusses the features of the concept of ‘engineering discourse’ within the framework of the general linguistic phenomenon ‘discourse’ and describes the linguistic features of the technical discourse in an engineering activity. In order to take into account the linguistic features of engineering discourse when teaching a foreign language at a technical university, an analysis of technical literature was carried out. As a result of the analysis of the technical literature, such linguistic features of the technical discourse as abbreviation, the use of special terms, the use of passive constructions, and modal verbs were identified.

Keywords:

professional communication, discourse, technical discourse, engineering discourse.

С. 187-193

 

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EVOLUTION OF MORAL AND PATRIOTIC CONTENT OF THE TIMUR MOVEMENT
IN MODERN STUDENTS’ IDEAS ON VOLUNTEERING

Ozerova O. A.                                            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-5-194-208

Abstract.  

The article discusses the issue of the evolution of the moral-patriotic content of the Timur movement in modern students’ ideas about volunteering. The author considers the following aspects: the role of its social orientation in the formation of a new identity, the orientation of the transformation of the moral and patriotic context of the Timur movement onto the moral basis of volunteering, the historical memory and traditions of the older generation based on universal human values; the system of action of social mechanisms in the images of the novel by «Timur and his team» A. P. Gaidar and the film of the same name in the real movement of Timurovites.

Keywords:

evolution, a moral-patriotic content, Timur and pioneer movement, volunteering, universal values.

С. 194-208

   
 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION

 

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DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES: THEIR ROLE IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS 

Mamajonov U. M.                            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-5-209-218

Abstract.  

Information society is a society in which the majority of people working in it are engaged in producing, storing, processing and selling information, especially knowledge, which is its highest form. This stage in development of the society and economy is characterized by a further increase in the importance of information, knowledge and information technology in the life of the society. In the modern world of science and technology, the rapid penetration of the education system into digital technologies creates the basis for a serious analysis and pedagogical justification of many products offered in the information space. Therefore, the purpose of this article is briefly to explain the concept of digital technologies, identify the priorities of the digital development of the educational process, its advantages, and analyze the importance of the need for evidence-based implementation of digital technologies in higher education.

Keywords:

digitalization, technology, digital knowledge, information, the internet, a mobile network, a computer, innovation, economics, education, knowledge, artificial intelligence, integration, electronic environment, interactive, blockchain, digital tools, transformation.

С. 209-218

 

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E-LEARNING AS A RESOURCE FOR DEVELOPING THE CONFESSIONAL
EDUCATION SYSTEM

Yakovleva A. V., Osipova O. P.                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-5-219-232

Abstract.  

The last decades have brought the humankind the intensive development of the Internet technologies, which have penetrated into almost all spheres of life and have an impact not only on the material, but also on the spiritual and cultural development of society. Information and communication technologies have not only simplified the learning process, but also made possible e-learning, which takes place without direct interaction with the teacher, and a widespread use of distance learning technologies. This applies equally to both secular and confessional education. The COVID-19 pandemic has made its own adjustments to the organization of e-learning, so that now this type of training is becoming a full-fledged competitor to traditional forms of education. The presented article discusses the main ways of using e-learning in the confessional education, provides an analysis of the positive and negative aspects of using this resource, discusses the main risks.

Keywords:

religious education, distance learning technologies, e-learning, information and communication technologies, the Muslim educational organizations’ activity.

С. 219-232

 

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STAGE SKETCH AS AN INSTRUMENT FOR TEACHING ACTING TO STUDENTS
AT THE BORIS SHCHUKIN THEATER INSTITUTE

Balakirev K. N., Zhadko N. V.                      DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-5-233-242

Abstract.  

The article presents the design and results of a qualitative field study of the use of a stage sketch as an instrument for teaching “Acting” to students at The Boris Shchukin Theatre Institute. An in-depth interview of experts – teachers of the theatre school was used as a research method. The difficulties that students face when learning acting, the reasons for their occurrence are analyzed.

Keywords:

a stage sketch, training, given circumstances, a stage objective, the fact evaluation, difficulties of a theater school students, acting, acting technique, the Vakhtangov school, the Stanislavsky system, a qualitative field research.

С. 233-242

 

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CREATIVITY-BASED TEACHING OF THE ENGLISH VOCABULARY
IN AN AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Bukovsky S. L.                                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-5-243-253

Abstract.  

This article focuses on the analysis and design of a creativity-based method of teaching speaking in a foreign language in a non-linguistic agrarian university. The given article aims to create an efficient method of teaching speaking in a foreign language in an agrarian university, which would include the use of creative thinking. The author of the article in detail analyzes the problems of teaching speaking in a foreign language in a non-linguistic university. The article shows different viewpoints on the issue of teaching speaking. The author of the article has developed a foreign language training program for students of the agrarian university. This training program is based on considering the creative thinking as a means and technique of forming and developing the speaking skills in students of agrarian universities. The given article considers such elements as the structure and content of the creativity-based method, theoretical principles of the creativity-based method, a methodological algorithm of using learning and teaching techniques of creativity-based method when teaching a monologue and dialogue speech as well as a designated tasks system. The methodological algorithm, developed by the author of the article, gives the detailed analysis of the creative thinking implementation in practice. The system of exercises includes creative-linguistic and creative-speech exercises to facilitate the parallel development of both creative thinking and speaking skills when training in the agrarian area, which in their turn are necessary for developing the oral work-related communication efficiently in agrarian universities. The given article attempts to design an original technique based on considering creative thinking as a basic methodological category and implementing it into the process of teaching foreign languages in non-linguistic universities.

Keywords:

creativity-based training, creative thinking, speaking, creativity-based exercises, learning and teaching techniques, monologue, dialogue, work-related communication, an agrarian training area, a non-linguistic university.

С. 243-253

 

 

YOUNG SCIENTISTS’ VISION

 

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RESOURCES FOR REPLENISHING THE SCHOOLCHILDREN’S VOCABULARY
WITH WORDS OF LIMITED USE AT THE RUSSIAN LESSONS

Sergeev V. S.                                             DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2022-5-254-263

Abstract.  

The article presents methodological recommendations for enrichment of the schoolchildren’s vocabulary with lexical units of limited use at the Russian language lessons, provides examples of multi-level lexical tasks and exercises, selects relevant educational and methodological sources for organizing work on the word of limited use in the school course of the Russian language.

Keywordsа:

vocabulary enrichment, vocabulary of limited use, lexical exercises, didactic materials.

С. 254-263

 

 

 

Sunday, 25 September 2022 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2022 № 4

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 4-2022

CONTENTS

 

 Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00

 

HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY

 

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PHILOSOPHICAL PREREQUISITES FOR THE AUTONOMY OF THE UNIVERSITY
OF BERLIN: F. SCHLEIERMACHER’S AND K. V. F. HUMBOLDT’S EDUCATIONAL PROJECTS

Klenin P. V.                                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-4-11-21

Abstract. 

The article deals with the historical and philosophical consideration of the educational concepts by Friedrich Schleiermacher and Wilhelm von Humboldt. The philosophers selected for the comparative research present a perspective on education as a consequence of political changes based on their philosophical concepts, thus the article emphasizes philosophical justification of their positions. Schleiermacher and Humboldt approach the problem of education holistically as they were representatives of a crisis-ridden era. The purpose of rethinking the value of education in the state allows us to compare their ideas. The project developed by them is based on the provisions of the philosophy of Enlightenment and Romanticism, but in fact transforms the entire educational system of Germany. The relevance of this problem stems from modern narrative to reform the education system depending on political and social problems, but the philosophers’ approach is unique and it is important to trace its aspects through the history of Philosophy.

Keywords

philosophy and education, philosophy of education, educational ideal, science, university of Berlin, German philosophy.

С. 11-21

 

ONTOLOGY AND EPISTEMOLOGY

 

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PHYSICS AND PHILOSOPHY: B. JOSEPHSON’S VIEWS ON THE NATURE
OF CONSCIOUSNESS

Ganin A. V.                                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-4-22-28

Abstract. 

The current study aimed at analyzing the Nobel laureate Brian Josephson’s views on the nature of consciousness. Based on the most significant and cited philosophical articles by Josephson, three solutions to the «difficult problem of consciousness» are considered: communicative, quantum-mechanical and holistic. The first option is based on the theory of communication and speech acts as a way out of the state of private mental experience. The second option is based on an attempt to link quantum mechanics and the specifics of consciousness. The third option is panpsychism as a way to show the unity of the world. The article examines contradictions in Josephson’s ontological and epistemological constructions. Some of B. Josephson’s works are introduced into the circulation of the Russian-language philosophy for the first time.

Keywords

consciousness, quantum mechanics, communication, superposition, epistemology, panpsychism.

С. 22-28

 

 

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00

 

SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY

  

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RESEARCHING THE IDEAS ABOUT THE RELIGION OF CHURCH-GOERS
AND NON-CHURCH-GOERS

Vorobyeva K. I., Baderko A. V.             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-4-29-40

Abstract. 

The article provides a theoretical substantiation of ideas about religion as a constituent part of the structure of religious consciousness. The results of an empirical study of the ideas about the Orthodox Christian religion of church-going and non-church-going people are presented. In the study, the method of semantic differential has been used, which allows to investigate the structure of meanings in the minds of the test subjects. As the result of the study, differences have been established in the ideas about the Orthodox Christian religion of church-goers and non-church-goers.

Keywords

psychology of religion, religious consciousness, a value-semantic sphere, ideas about religion, the Orthodox Christianity.

С. 29-40

 
 
EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY

  

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FAMILY VALUES OF MODERN YOUTH (THE CASE STUDY OF PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

Ajgumova Z. I.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-4-41-55

Abstract. 

The article aims to study the phenomenon of “family values” of students. The objective of the study is to show the specifics of family values of modern female students and adult women. To achieve the goal set, the diagnostic methods have been used: the “Family values” questionnaire (S. S. Nosov); the “Role expectations and claims in marriage” technique (REC) by A. N. Volkova, “Value questionnaire” by Sh. Schwartz; the statistical method: the rank assessment method; the T-Student criterion for independent sampling. Data calculation has been carried out by means of MS Excel and SPSS Statistics programs. On the one hand, the results of the study of the female students confirm the data of previous studies that individualistic and professional values prevail over others. They mediate orientation towards egalitarization and individualization of family traditions. However, on the other hand, the study demonstrates the traditional nature of views regarding gender socialization.

Keywords

family values, value orientations, student youth, rank assessment, family functions, individualistic values.

С. 41-55

 

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PREREQUISITES FOR THE EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE FORMATION
AT AN EARLY AGE AND THEIR USE IN MONTESSORI PEDAGOGY

Sumnielnyi K. E., Palkina T. V.,
Karaeva T. I.                                            
           
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-4-56-64

Abstract. 

The article examines how Montessori pedagogy can contribute to the emergence of emotional intelligence components. Some materials and principles of building a developing environment for a child from birth to 14 months are described, which help him/her to build his/her emotional intelligence by interacting with stimulus material in a properly organized environment. The role of teachers and parents in this process is shown.

Keywords

Montessori pedagogy, emotional intelligence, stimulus material, development, a psychic setup, Reuven Bar-On’s model.

С. 56-64

 

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00

 

THEORY OF EDUCATION

 

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“DAWN OF POST-CAPITALISM” AND STRATEGY OF THE RUSSIAN EDUCATION

Novikov S. G.                                                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-4-65-77

Abstract. 

The emerging global socio-cultural reality – post-capitalism – can take the form of a society, in which opportunities for self-realization of a person open up, but it can also turn out to be a world, in which the planet will be divided into oases of prosperity and zones of poverty. The future of Russia in the emerging planetary structure largely depends on whether the domestic education will be able to form a subject capable of resisting the segregation of humanity and the displacement of Russia to the periphery of the world-system.

Keywords:

post-capitalism, education strategizing, Homo creator, Homo economicus.

С. 65-77

 

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FORMING A NEW EDUCATIONAL REALITY: AN ECOSYSTEM APPROACH

Vetchinova M. N.                                        DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-4-78-86

Abstract. 

Currently, an active search is underway for new ways of learning and new organizational forms of education that will correspond to the social, economic and technological reality of the XXI century. It is assumed that an ecosystem approach to education has significant potential for transforming learning, and educational ecosystems will help solve some of the key issues of preparing the younger generation for life in a rapidly changing world. The article analyzes the ecosystem approach to education, shows the history of its origin, presents the main participants of the educational ecosystem, emphasizes the role of the digital ecosystem as its essential component. The reflections of both Western and Russian leaders on the development of innovative educational systems on the importance of the ecosystem approach and the creation of educational ecosystems are given.

Keywords:

an ecosystem approach, an educational ecosystem, a digital ecosystem.

С. 78-86

 

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PEDAGOGICAL ACTIVITY MODEL IN CONDITIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION DIGITALIZATION

Neborsky E. V., Boguslavsky M. V.,
Naumova T. A.
                                                  
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-4-87-96

Abstract. 

The article presents a model of pedagogical activity of a university lecturer in the context of digitalization of higher education. The model includes the following types of pedagogical activity: organization of the educational process; teaching; education and extracurricular activities; methodological activity; research activities (including accompanying students in this matter); self-education and advanced training. The methodological framework of the digital university as an integrative phenomenon also includes such things as a digital format, digital environment, digital resources, a digital platform. The conditions for overcoming the contradiction between the post-industrial nature of digitalization processes and the development of strategies for the digital transformation of higher education in the logic of the industrial society paradigm are formulated.

Keywords:

a model of pedagogical activity, digitalization of higher education, a digital university, digital transformation policy.

С. 87-96

 

MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

 

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EDUCATIONAL EVENTFULLNESS IN CONDITION OF SCHOOL OF EXPERIENCES AND MEANINGS: TUTORING CONTEXT

Machekhina O. N., Kovalyova T. M.                  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-4-97-108

Abstract. 

The question put into the title of this article reflects the discussions unfolding in the modern pedagogical science, the ideological core of which is the search for new ways and vectors of development of schools and education. The modern school is in such conditions that require special approaches to determine the forms and prospects for its development. In the foreseeable future, signs of interest in this issue will be the complication of the requirements that parents make to the education of their children and, as a result, to the school, an increase in the number of people with special needs and individual speed of mastering the material, further integration of digital reality into education and training. Obviously, the competence-based approach has not fully justified the hopes placed on it. A possible paradigm that may replace it is “school of experiences and meanings”. Its foundation is the category of eventfulness. It is eventfulness as a form of not just joint work – cooperation, but the joint (co)-existence of a student and a teacher, as well as that of students with each other, that gives everybody the opportunity to gain social experience and form personal meanings.

Keywords:

school of experiences and meanings, educational eventfulness, context, a tutor, the tutor support, a reading competition, media design.

С. 97-108

 

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

 

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ORGANIZATIONAL AND PEDAGOGICAL ISSUES OF THE ACTIVITIES OF THE FIRST STATE SCHOOLS FOR TRAINING PENITENTIARY PERSONNEL IN RUSSIA

Stepanova D. Yu.                                              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-4-109-117

Abstract. 

The subject field of this article reflects an attempt to consider the issues of organizational and pedagogical activity of the first domestic state educational organizations that trained penitentiary personnel (prison department supervisors) at the beginning of the XX century (1913–1916). The author’s view is proposed that the pedagogical heritage based on historically determined socio-humanitarian and state values, cultural ideals and pedagogical approaches that have proven their effectiveness in practice is a condition for the sustainable formation and development of professional training in educational organizations of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia. The accumulated organizational and pedagogical experience is a solid foundation for building on it a modern educational system of professional training of the Russian penitentiary department. It is concluded that the functioning of modern educational organizations of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia is based on pedagogical principles developed, among other things, on the basis of studying the issues of training penitentiary personnel in the first maintained schools (1913–1916). According to the author, the schools considered in the article for training prison guards in the cities of St. Petersburg and Moscow have become the first models of state educational organizations implemented in practice for training penitentiary personnel (prison guards) in Russia.

Keywords:

curriculum, training of penitentiary personnel, an educational organization, Moscow school, St. Petersburg school, prison male guards, prison female guards, FPS of Russia.

С. 109-117

 

 

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION

 

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DEVELOPING THE READINESS FOR INNOVATIVE ACTIVITY AS A NECESSARY CONDITION FOR FORMING A COMPETITIVE PERSONALITY

Petrova L. A., Berestneva O. G.                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-4-118-125

Abstract.  

The article considers the phenomenon of readiness for innovation activity as a condition for forming the competitiveness of an individual. The article indicates the importance of competitiveness in the context of reasoning the success of a specialist in the labor market. The analysis of scientific literature allowed us to present in the article the types of individual readiness for innovation. The main components of the model of readiness for innovation activity are highlighted.

Keywords:

competitiveness, readiness of the individual to implement innovative activity, components of the model of readiness for innovation activity.

С. 118-125

 

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THE INDIVIDUAL APPROACH AS THE KEY FACTOR OF OVERCOMING
POOR SCHOOL PERFORMANCE AND BEHAVIOUR DEVIATION OF CHILDREN

Vilkova A. V., Kolesov V. I.,
Silenkov V. I.
                                           
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-4-126-132

Abstract.  

The article examines the pedagogical aspects of the emergence of difficult schoolchildren who have difficulties in teaching and behavior. It is noted that the difficulty in training, insufficient consideration of individual psychological characteristics, zones of immediate development, shortcomings in the organization of educational work can cause indiscipline, disobedience to the requirements of teachers, violation of the rules of the school internal routine, and in the future – asocial behavior. Attention is drawn to the need for a pedagogically competent approach to teaching and educating schoolchildren, increasing the level of school performance and student success, and for the use of pedagogical and psychological diagnostics in working with the child’s personality.

Keywords:

a troublesome child, difficult children, troubled, a difficult age, behavior deviation, pedagogical and psychological diagnosics.

С. 126-132

  

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ORGANIZATION OF MENTORING IN THE GENERAL EDUCATION ORGANIZATION AS PART OF THE REGIONAL INNOVATION PLATFORM

Yakhtanigova Zh. M., Fatneva E. A., Pavlenko O. A.,
Azarov V. A., Glushko S. A.
                               
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-4-133-141

Abstract.  

The article discusses organizing the regional innovation platform for the development of mentoring in the system of general education. Today, mentoring is an effective resource of personnel technology in a general education organization, which allows teachers to develop their professional growth. Mentoring provides an interconnected development of professional competencies and personalization, which together guarantee a comprehensive approach to each teacher. During the implementation of the innovative project “Mentoring – an effective resource for developing professional competencies of a teacher”, a system of support for the subjects of the innovation process was developed: - students through educational and methodological materials, individual work plans of a mentor with mentees; - parents through organizing the system of an operational pedagogical support, consulting a child’s family how to overcome educational deficits; - teachers through implementing an information interaction of the educational purpose: learning sites, e-journals. Achievement of positive results of innovative activity was possible due to the increased level of teachers’ understanding of the importance of the topic of the innovative project awareness of the main objectives, results and ways to achieve them. The conducted research confirms the high relevance of mentoring in the issue of professional growth of teachers of general education. The work will be of interest to specialists of municipal education authorities, methodologists of municipal methodological services, management and teaching staff, students of general education organizations.

Keywords:

educational organizations, a mentor, assessment of professional competencies, the professional growth, a methodological support, a data bank.

С. 133-141

  

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THE STUDY OF THE PATRIOTIC WAR OF 1812 IN THE SCHOOL COURSE OF HISTORY THROUGH THE PRISM OF SOURCES OF PRIVATE ORIGIN

Milkevich O. A., Ryabtsev A. V.,
Batareva V. V.
                                               
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-4-142-150

Abstract.  

The article presents the results of a theoretical study and approbation of using the sources of private origin in the context of studying the Patriotic War of 1812 in teaching a school history course. The significance of historical records in solving the problems of educational and upbringing work, the classification and features of sources of private origin (fixing information about the past, about the era, performing a social function, reflecting a person’s personal views on their own life or the history of their time in memoirs, diaries, autobiographies, private correspondence), their opportunities in educational, extracurricular and educational work with students. The materials and forms of work of students with historical records presented in the paper can be used by history teachers when performing educational and extracurricular activities.

Keywords:

historical records, sources of private origin, educational activities, extracurricular activities.

С. 142-150

  

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ORGANIZING THE PROJECT ACTIVITY OF STUDENTS OF PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITIES

Barkova N. N., Karpenko A. V.                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-4-151-164

Abstract.  

The article considers the necessity and possibility of organizing students’ project activities within the framework of vocational teacher training; the problems arising in this regard are indicated; the range of issues on the subject, the structure of projects, the role of the teacher-project manager is highlighted; specific examples of projects of pre-service secondary school subject teachers are given.

Keywords:

higher vocational education, project activities, teacher training, professional competence, project management, project topics, structure and stages of project work, an individual educational trajectory.

С. 151-164

 

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MODEL FOR TRAINING IN-COMPANY TEACHERS OF AT INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES

Kolzina A. G., Shikhova O. F.                      DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-4-165-173

Abstract.  

Continuous professional development of employees is area of work with personnel at enterprises in a market economy. However, external training does not always take into account the specifics of a particular production. So, it is more appropriate to train in-company teachers from among established specialists who are able to transfer their own professional experience and knowledge. The authors describe a model for training in-company teachers. The advantage of the model is that it accounts the individual characteristics of the teacher and educational needs of the company, which is guided by the Federal and regional policy of increasing efficiency and implementing lean production.

Keywords:

in-company training, in-company teachers, teaching competencies, andragogy, vocational teaching competence, components of the vocational teaching competence, teaching expert evaluation, lean-production.

С. 165-173

   

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TEACHERS’ READINESS FOR SHAPING PERSONAL POSITION TOWARDS THEIR OWN AND STUDENTS’ HEALTH

Avramenko V. G., Nekhorosheva E. V.,
Kasatkina D. A.
                                             
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-4-174-189

Abstract.  

This paper explores the schoolteachers’ readiness to develop the personal position towards maintenance and promotion of students’ health; it also discusses the possibility to improve the teachers’ readiness to implement the tasks, which imply the promotion of their own health as well as the students’ health. We have identified weak points in the teachers’ readiness to develop and implement the personal position towards their own and students’ health; we have also defined the objectives, contents and principles of the design of the additional vocational programme for teachers. The authors have proved the relevance of the issue of school teachers’ readiness to form and implement their personal position towards their own health and the students’ health. The authors have developed and tested the educational program to improve the readiness of school teachers to perform tasks related to the preservation and promotion of health.

Keywords:

health, the personal position, readiness to act, a healthy lifestyle.

С. 174-189

  
 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION

 

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ORGANIZATION OF EDUCATIONAL AND RESEARCH ACTIVITIES IN MATHEMATICS FOR PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN THE ONLINE FORMAT

Biziaeva N. V., Kozitsyna Yu. V.                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-4-190-203

Abstract.  

The article presents and substantiates the main methodological approaches to the organization of educational and research activities (hereinafter ERAs), and reveals the specifics of ERAs in primary school mathematics. The theoretical and practical aspects of the organization of research activities in mathematics in elementary school are disclosed. Specific materials on organizing the ERAs in mathematics for primary school students in the online format are presented. The theoretical part reflects the main approaches and specifics of the ERAs on mathematics for primary school students in the online format. The practical implementation of the theoretical provisions is demonstrated on the example of the «Research Task-calculation» topic. The article substantiates the purposefulness of the systematic implementation of the components of the research activity into the course of elementary school mathematics.

Keywords:

mathematics, an educational process, educational and research activities, the online format, pedagogical technologies.

С. 190-203

 

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THE MODEL OF STUDENTS’ DIGITAL COMPETENCE

Kalnitskaya I. V., Maksimochkina O. V.         DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-4-204-218

Abstract.  

In the information and knowledge society, where digital technologies are rapidly developing and entering our lives, the debates on digital competence have become a topical issue. The topicality of the research is due to the necessity to develop a modern model of students’ digital competence, since this is a prerequisite for their successful involvement in the digital environment. The purpose of the study is to determine the components of the model of students’ digital competence. The article gives the authors’ vision on the model of students’ digital competence, which includes three components: theoretical, activity oriented and assessment ones. The content of the theoretical components of the model is revealed. To specify the structural components of the model of students’ digital competence, a theoretical analysis of domestic and foreign scientific papers within the framework of the problem under study has been carried out. The results of the study can be used to conceptualize the digital learning environment of universities.

Keywords:

a digital competence model, a digital competence, digital technologies, a digital university, a digital teacher, a digital student.

С. 204-218

 

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CASE TECHNOLOGIES AS AN EFFECTIVE MEANS OF ACHIEVING INDICATORS OF COMPETENCE FORMATION IN TEACHING LAW STUDENTS

Sakulina Ju. V., Ionova E. B.                      DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-4-219-227

Abstract.  

The article discusses the problems and advantages of using case technologies in the educational process. The introduction of modern digital technologies into the educational process of higher education is vital for both educational institutions themselves and, first of all, students, graduates who will be competitive in the future, that is, in demand in the labor market. The education system is currently undergoing changes in the structure of higher vocational education, almost every year not only the structure of education is changing, but also approaches and methods in teaching various disciplines are changing. Thus, each competence can be represented through indicators of knowledge, skills and abilities. Case-technology methods can be applied at various stages of training, in various educational institutions. They are becoming increasingly popular, as they allow one to simulate a real practical situation in a playful research form. At the same time, the use of a combination of traditional teaching methods and case-technology methods meet the existing requirements, the use of innovative teaching methods. The value of the case technology lies in the fact that it allows students to successfully form not only specific professional competencies defined by the Federal State Educational Standard in their field of expertise, but also a set of general competencies necessary for any specialist, including a set of indicators of competence formation and indicators of success in achieving learning outcomes.

Keywords:

a case method, an indicator, competencies, jurisprudence, indicators, technology.

С. 219-227

 

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MODELING AN ADAPTIVE APPROACH TO TEACHING A FOREIGN LANGUAGE
AT A TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

Ivanova E. A.                                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-4-228-241

Abstract.  

The relevance of the research is due to the fact that traditional methods of teaching foreign languages do not always provide the results necessary for future professional activity, which can be ascribed to the fact that each student entering the university has their own knowledge base, their own opportunities for mastering the material. In this light, the use of adaptive technologies is one of the ways to improve the process of full-time teaching of foreign languages at a technological university. The proposed model of the adaptive approach is not an electronic adaptive system, which was mainly used by researchers, but a modified traditional curriculum designed for three different levels of training of students.

Keywords:

adaptive systems, the adaptive approach, teaching a foreign language in a technological university, testing.

С. 228-241

 

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ORGANIZATIONAL CONDITIONS FOR THE ADAPTATION OF FIRST-YEAR STUDENTS IN THE CONDITIONS OF DISTANCE LEARNING

Abramova I. V., Nevolina O. A.              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-4-242-255

Abstract.  

The relevance of the study is based on the fact that the need for distance learning requires a university lecturer to do special work to improve the quality of education amid the pandemic. The given article aims at solving the following problem: what are the measures for the adaptation of first-year students to educational activities in the conditions of distance learning? The main measures for the adaptation of first-year students have a universal structure; they can be used by teachers of different areas of student training and be supplemented with specific professional training tools. We consider as indicators of the effectiveness of measures for the adaptation of first-year students the following: the ability to give the educational process the desired direction and adapt subjective and objective environmental conditions for a successful educational process; satisfaction with the personal activity aspect of being in a new social role – a university student; adaptation of productive activities and the desire to self-actualize, which are manifested in the academic performance of students and the desire to realize their learning potential; the optimal psycho-emotional state when communicating with teachers. The article discusses measures, traditional and developed by the authors, for the adaptation of first-year students.

Keywords:

adaptation of students, types of adaptation of students, problems of adaptation of students, measures for adaptation of first-year students, indicators of successful adaptation of students, distance learning, advantages of distance learning, prospects of distance learning.

С. 242-255

 

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METHODOLOGY FOR DEVELOPING MEDIA AND INFORMATION LITERACY
OF A TEACHER-LIBRARIAN WITH THE USE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGIES

Kubrak N. V.                                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-4-256-270

Abstract.  

The article presents a model of the methodology for developing media and information literacy (MIL) of a teacher-librarian with the use of distance educational technologies and the results of its approbation. The methodology was tested within the framework of the professional development program for teachers-librarians. As a result, the results of the approbation confirmed that the use of the methodology and compliance with the conditions for its implementation during training allows us to develop the level of MIL effectively. The technique can be applied in other areas, since MIL is a universal competence.

Keywords:

a digital environment, a teacher-librarian, media and information literacy, distance learning, methodology.

С. 256-270

 

YOUNG SCIENTISTS’ VISION

 

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FORMATION OF A SECONDARY VIRTUAL LINGUISTIC PERSONA
IN THE METHODOLOGY OF TEACHING RFL

Kuznetsova V. I.                                             DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2022-4-271-278

Abstract.  

The article covers the formation of the digital environment of the Runet in order to identify the features of the speech culture of users in it. The development of methods of teaching Russian as a foreign language in the network space is investigated and the relationship between virtual speech genres and traditional ones is determined. Based on the analysis of the theory of a secondary linguistic persona, the concept of a secondary virtual linguistic persona is formulated and its application in the methodology of teaching Russian as a foreign language is described.

Keywords:

a digital network environment, a secondary linguistic persona, the Runet development, a virtual linguistic persona, distance learning, Russian as a foreign language teaching methodology.

С. 271-278

 

 

 

Tuesday, 02 August 2022 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2022 № 3

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 3-2022

CONTENTS

 

 Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00

 

ONTOLOGY AND EPISTEMOLOGY

 

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CONSTRUCTIVE REALISM AND THE RELATIONSHIP OF CONSCIOUSNESS AND BEING

Abramov P. D.                                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-3-11-21

Abstract. 

The article aims to analyze the main aspects of the semantic concept of truth, of the constructive, as well as ontologically oriented realism. Relying mainly on the logical analysis of the language makes philosophy formal and one-dimensional, but at the same time formal-logical criteria are important for substantiating the truth. Three arguments in favor of realism are given: the embodiment of knowledge, a change of point of view – consciousness as a stage in the evolution of the universe, the intuition of the existence of the world outside our consciousness. The direct realism finds it difficult to explain errors in perception. There is a constructive component in cognition. The distinction between creative and destructive constructivism and the difference of consciousnesses of different degrees makes it possible to explain many misconceptions. We are able to know the world correctly because the basic structures of consciousness reflect universal natural and meta-natural laws. The aim of the cognition is to strive for the deep and complex development of one’s cognitive abilities when being oriented towards the ideals embodied in geniuses.

Keywords

realism, cognition, truth, language, being, subject, creativity.

С. 11-21

 

PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION

 

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“MENTAL DIALOGUE” OR PHILOSOPHICAL AND EDUCATIONAL DIMENSION OF HISTORICAL TEMPORALITY

Polezhayev D. V.                                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-3-22-29

Abstract. 

The paper studies the phenomenon of “mental dialogue”, which involves the correlation between historical and cultural phenomena of the “large format” – civilizations, cultures, and historical eras. This correlation occurs at the level of functional and socio-cultural attitudes of the mentality. An important role in the mental system is played by the attitude of education / upbringing of a person, social group and society as a whole. The historical temporality of socio-cultural phenomena is examined through the philosophical prism of the main problematic nodes of the phenomenon of “dialogue of cultures” associated with qualitative changes in socio-individual being. The mental approach is proposed by the author as a methodologically significant and promising in terms of research structural and content basis of the philosophical and educational understanding of social and individual interactions in their historical course.

Keywords

mentality, “mental dialogue”, “dialogue of cultures”, philosophy of education, historical time, temporality.

С. 22-29

 

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PROBLEMS OF TEACHING INDIAN PHILOSOPHY IN HIGHER SCHOOL

Shelkovnikov A. Yu.                                            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-3-30-38

Abstract. 

The article addresses the possibilities of teaching Indian classical philosophy in Russian universities. The Bhagavad Gita is considered as the key text. A plan for analyzing this text at seminars is proposed. The article may be of interest to teachers of philosophy, students, as well as all those interested in Indian philosophy.

Keywords

Indian philosophy, Bhagavad Gita, teaching, philosophical problems, seminar.

С. 30-38

 

 

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00

 

MEDICAL PSYCHOLOGY

  

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THE STUDY OF SELF-ESTEEM IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN WITH EATING DISORDERS

Platonova Z. N., Vinokurova A. Kh            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-3-39-46

Abstract. 

The article presents the results of the study of self-esteem in preschool children with eating disorders. The relevance of this study lies in the fact that a number of facts prove a high degree of eating disorders in preschool children. Therefore, it is highly important to know the causes and characteristics of this condition, since it is at the age of childhood when basic eating habits are formed, the «foundation» of the body is laid, and long-term persistent disorders have a negative impact on the physical and mental health of children. The aim of the article is to determine the influence of self-esteem on the occurrence of eating disorders among pre-school children. The analysis of the results showed that there is a relationship between eating disorders and psychological problems, including low self-esteem: low self-esteem in preschool children may be one of the causes of eating disorders.

Keywords

pre-school children, eating behavior, eating disorders, self-esteem in pre-schoolers.

С. 39-46

 

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00

 

THEORY OF EDUCATION

 

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PATRIOTISM AND CIVIC CONSCIOUSNESS AS PEDAGOGICAL CATEGORIES:
UNITY AND DIFFERENCE

Labygina A. V.                                                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-3-47-57

Abstract. 

The scientific article deals with the study of patriotism and civic consciousness as pedagogical categories. Both common features and essential differences of these phenomena of pedagogical theory and educational practice are presented. The author reveals the meaning and content of the concepts of “patriotism” and “civic consciousness”, shows the importance of their constructive interpretation in the educational space of the post-Soviet Russia. The review of theoretical and methodological approaches to understanding of these categories in the Russian pedagogical science over the past thirty years is given. Modern trends are revealed and directions in the development of ideas of civil-patriotic education are outlined. The study emphasizes the exceptional relevance of this issue for the Russian Federation.

Keywords:

civic consciousness, patriotism, civil-patriotic education, history of Pedagogy, history of education.

С. 47-57

 

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SOCIAL-EMOTIONAL-ETHICAL EDUCATION WITHIN THE RUSSIAN PEDAGOGICAL TRADITION

Kozhevnikova M. N., Skurskaya N. V.               DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-3-58-71

Abstract. 

The article deals with the analysis of the social-emotional-ethical education (SEEE) approach from the point of view of ideas, values and experience of the Russian pedagogical tradition. The relevance of the research is determined by the need for updated approaches to education from the critical positions of the post-modern era. The main research methods are theoretical analysis of pedagogical work and the experience of pedagogical activity within the framework of the discussed issues in the anthropological-pedagogical, philosophical-educational, comparative-pedagogical, historical and pedagogical aspects. As a result, it is shown that SEEE and the Russian pedagogical tradition coincide in a number of key educational and philosophical positions and pedagogical ideas but have a number of differences; a range of SEEE issues relevant to Russian education is outlined. The practical significance of the study is determined by the demonstration of the importance of SEEE as a way of solving problems in relation to a person with themselves and the environment that arise in modern society.

Keywords:

social-emotional-ethical education, history of Pedagogy, pedagogical anthropology, Russian education.

С. 58-71

 

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TEACHER EDUCATION: INDIVIDUAL-PERSONAL ASPECT

Stepanova I. U., Adolf V. A.                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-3-72-90

Abstract. 

The quality of education depends to a large extent on the quality of the teaching staff who provide it. The increasing degree of uncertainty in the educational system, the increasing requirements for its results, dictated by time, actualize the issue of finding approaches to the implementation of higher pedagogical education extremely due to its unique specificity. The article describes the scientifically based grounds that reveal the need to increase attention to the individual aspect of pedagogical education in higher education. It also shows the fundamental possibility of practical implementation of the idea of “personal-centered education”. The applicability of socio-cultural design in the development of educational programs and modeling of the process for their implementation in the logic of constructivism is justified. The approaches under discussion and the ways of action organized among themselves make it possible to carry out a practically oriented education of the teacher, revealing their individual-personal potential. Creation of a flexible, variable environment due to the task-oriented construction of the educational process allows students to be involved in the constructive activities to build their own educational route when mastering the proposed educational content, as well as to enter the design and implementation of an individual educational request, which involves support. Thus, there is a need for teachers to master new pedagogical positions, such as a facilitator, tutor, moderator, or mentor, as well as to look for options for involving practical teachers in the implementation of the teacher’s personal-converted education.

Keywords:

pedagogical education, students, individualization, individual-personal conversion, task-oriented construction of the educational process, new pedagogical positions.

С. 72-90

 

MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

 

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REGIONAL PROJECT OF MOSCOW REGION “EFFECTIVE EDUCATIONAL COMPLEX”

Boguslavsky M. V., Karmaev A. A.,
Kim S. V., Burdakova A. A.
                               
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-3-91-101

Abstract. 

The article discusses the process of creating and functioning of educational complexes in Moscow region, and announces the results of monitoring the process of 2022.

Keywords:

educational complex, effective educational complex, educational complex models.

С. 91-101

 

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

 

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THE DOMESTIC ENLIGHTENMENT TRADITION OF THE XV–XVII CENTURIES
IN THE SOCIO-POLITICAL DIMENSION

Vdovyh D. A.                                                 DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-3-102-111

Abstract. 

This article deals with the issue of studying the domestic enlightenment tradition of the XV–XVII centuries in the socio-political dimension. The main trends in the development of the cultural and educational policy of this macro-period are revealed. Such historical phenomena as isolationism, Westernization, secularization, Old Moscow bookishness, Old Russian scholarism are characterized. The analysis of transformations of the socio-cultural sphere during the reign of the first tsars from the Romanov dynasty is presented. It is established that the XVII century became an important milestone on the way of spreading the European-type education, a large-scale cultural development and the formation of a system of public education.

Keywords:

history of Pedagogy, history of education, the domestic enlightenment tradition, history of Russia of XV–XVII centuries, the educational policy, bookishness, pre-Petrine period.

С. 102-111

 

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FORMATION OF THE READING CIRCLE OF ST. PETERSBURG PUPILS
IN THE XIX – EARLY XX CENTURIES

Lisovich V. N.                                   DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-3-112-122

Abstract. 

The article analyzes the system of socio-cultural and pedagogical factors under the influence of which the reading circle of students of secondary educational institutions of pre-revolutionary St. Petersburg was formed, including the socio-cultural environment of pre-revolutionary St. Petersburg as a “bookish and reading city”, urban educated families, St. Petersburg secondary school, the subculture of its students, the state and the pedagogical community. In the article, the author analyzes the presented factors and justifies their interaction.

Keywords:

socio-cultural and pedagogical factors, a system of factors, a circle of children’s and youth reading, “quality” and mass literature, educational environment, student subculture, children’s family reading, school reading, children and adolescent independent reading.

С. 112-122

 

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION

 

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THE SIGNIFICANCE OF DIDACTIC MATERIAL IN THE SYSTEM OF M. MONTESSORI

Sumnitelnyi K. E., Palkina T. V.                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-3-123-130

Abstract.  

The article considers the features and place of didactic material in the pedagogy of M. Montessori, shows the pedagogical conditions for the effective use of these manuals and reveals the problems with their use outside the context of the method..

Keywords:

didactic material, prepared environment, freedom of choice, practical life exercises, stimulus material.

С. 123-130

 

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METHOD OF MEASURING THE SOCIO-PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCIES
OF EMPLOYEES OF THE MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS

Zhigalova E. A.                                            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-3-131-138

Abstract.  

The topic of the article is determined by the search for solutions to the urgent problem of forming and measuring the level of socio-professional competencies of police officers of the Russian Federation. Based on the fact that in the modern conditions of social transformations, geopolitical challenges, and the pandemic, the role of civil dialogue, public unity, and national security is increasing, approaches to training and advanced training of Interior Ministry employees are changing, especially in the short-term training context. As part of the consideration of these issues, the author proposes and describes one of the possible methods for measuring the initial level of socio-professional competencies of short-term course students. Based on its application, it is concluded that this technique contributes to a deeper identification and systematization of typical problems and shortcomings that indicate insufficient development of the desired competencies. Identification of typical problems makes it possible to ensure timely correction of the educational process and students’ understanding of the importance of their own efforts to develop appropriate socio-professional competencies.

Keywords:

police officers, civil dialogue, social and professional competencies, measurement methodology.

С. 131-138

 

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OTANTHROPONYMIC VOCABULARY IN TEACHING RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE (CASE STUDY OF MOSCOW DISTRICTS NAMES)

Martynenko Ju. B.                                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-3-139-149

Abstract.  

The article examines the specifics of working on otanthroponymic vocabulary in a foreign audience based on the names of Moscow districts. The types and structure of toponymic units containing anthroponyms are analyzed. A methodology for working with such units is proposed in order to form the linguistic and cultural competence and the ability to navigate in the linguistic space of a metropolis among foreign students. The assimilation of anthroponyms by foreign students in toponymy of Moscow districts makes it possible to obtain information about the cultural and historical objects of the city, allows one to activate the mastery of the grammatical forms of the Russian language and increase interest in studying it. All of this is of practical importance for international students.

Keywords:

anthroponym, toponym, anthropotoponym, Moscow districts, Russian as a foreign language, foreign students.

С. 139-149

 

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION

 

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THE SCHEME OF THE FUNCTIONAL SYSTEM OF INTERACTIVE LEARNING
AT THE UNIVERSITY

Vasilyeva A. V.                                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-3-150-163

Abstract.  

The article aims to develop a scheme of a functional system of interactive learning at a university. The methodology of the study is based on the methods of the content analysis of literature, analogies, and the scheme of the functional system. The results of the study: 1. the interpretation of the process of interactive learning in system-cybernetic terms is given; 2. the scheme of the functional system of interactive learning is developed; 3. the mechanisms of organization and self-organization of interactive learning are revealed; 4. an attempt is made to correlate the accumulated practical experience in the implementation of forms and techniques of interactive learning in pedagogy and methodology with existing theoretical research in order to create a holistic scientific understanding of the object of research. The scientific value of the results obtained lies in the fact that the interactive learning is presented and described for the first time in the form of a functional system that allows, firstly, to more accurately and fully reflect the process of the interactive learning in comparison with existing research; secondly, to visualize the accumulated theoretical experience of studying the object of the study. The practical value of the results is seen in the fact that the resulting model makes it possible to comprehend the place and role of using an interactive form of education at a university in the context of the implementation of a competence-based approach, focuses on the relevance of the problem of the systematic study of the object and is a reliable basis for building the concept of the interactive learning.

Keywords:

interactive learning, the competence approach, interaction, the functional system scheme.

С. 150-163

 

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PEDAGOGICAL RISKS IN THE PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY OF TEACHERS
IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE ELECTRONIC LEARNING ORGANIZATION

Osipova O. P., Savenkova E. V.,
Shklyarova O. A.
                                         
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-3-164-176

Abstract.  

In modern studies of the organization of e-learning and the use of distance learning technologies (ELaDLT) in various educational systems, attention is paid not only to the characterization of the essence of ELaDLT, the analysis of their advantages, limitations and conditions for effective use, but also to the comprehensive study of the identified problems and the development of solutions, the adoption of strategic alternatives associated with minimizing emerging pedagogical risks. The article presents the provisional results of a study of a set of factors, including the risks of teachers’ professional activity in the conditions of ELaDLT, and suggests tools for managing pedagogical risks in the educational process. The analysis of risk factors of the organization of ELaDLT in the professional activity of teachers is carried out. The relevance of the health-saving approach in the design of the professional activity of teachers, taking into account the influence of ELaDLT, is substantiated. Recommendations for preventing pedagogical risks of the impact of digital education on the professional activities of teachers are proposed.

Keywords:

e-learning, pedagogical risk, distance learning technologies, risk factors, risk management, digitalization, digital transformation.

С. 164-176

 

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THE SYSTEM OF EXERCISES AIMED AT FORMING A POTENTIAL VOCABULARY WHEN TEACHING A FOREIGN LANGUAGE AT A POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY

Kotelnikova E. Yu., Frolova T. P.          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-3-177-186

Abstract.  

The article considers the issue of developing a system of exercises to form a potential vocabulary when teaching a foreign language at a technical university. The article analyzes the provisions on this issue described in the Russian literature in the works of such researchers as I. M. Berman, V. A. Bukhbinder, S. E. Pobedinskaya, T. M. Kovbasyuk, etc. As a psychological and pedagogical basis, personal and activity-based approaches are considered, which make it possible to determine the most optimal conditions for the development of personality in the process of educational activity. From the linguistic and methodological points of view, the criterion of derivability of a lexical unit is taken as the basis for the development of a system of exercises. The essence of this principle is that only those derivatives and complex words are subject to selection, in which it is possible to isolate and identify the components of these words, and establish semantic relations between their components. Based on the types of derivability, groups of words were formed for second-year students who major in construction, which allow us to develop a system of exercises to form the potential lexical vocabulary.

Keywords:

a potential vocabulary, a lexical unit, lexical reserve, the criterion of derivability.

С. 177-186

 

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MUSIC NOTATION SOFTWARE IN A CHOIR MASTER TRAINING: ON THE CONTENT OF THE AUTHOR’S STUDY GUIDE FOR THE PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITY

Novoselov V. A.                                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-3-187-195

Abstract.  

The author of the present work describes his personal experience of using the music notation software and demonstrates a possible structure for the second part of the study guide “Information technologies in music education”. The project version of the second part comprises 4 chapters, which contain data about the modern information technologies in music education, methods of their implementation for solving educational, organizational and creative tasks, classification of notation programs and their comparative characteristics. The suggested study guide will contain details on a pre-service music teacher dealing with the music notation software in the context of the classroom development for the individual conducting disciplines. The working program for the elective subject takes a particular place in the prospective guide. The course students will acquire the competence of implementing the notation software in a choir master environment, perfecting via them the ear for music, conducting, and voice of a future teacher. The study guide will be practically oriented and dedicated to enriching the conventional approaches to the choir master training of a pre-service teacher on the level of a university.

Keywords:

music education, a pre-service music teacher, music notation software, the educational environment of a pedagogical university, a subject syllabus, a choir conducting class, a choir master practical training.

С. 187-195

 

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THE STUDY OF THE STRUCTURE AND ACTIVITY OF THE HUMAN BODY IN BIOLOGY LESSONS USING AN INTEGRATIVE LEARNING SITUATION

Khachaturyants V. E., Teremov A. V.                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-3-196-208

Abstract.  

The article discusses the use of an integrative learning situation in biology lessons as a way to achieve meta-subject results of educational activities of students in the study of the structure and life of the human body. In this process, the article notes not only the role of Biology but also of other subjects, the integration of natural science and humanitarian knowledge, as well as the individual life cognitive experience of students’.

Keywords:

human body, meta-subject results of an educational activity, integrative learning, an integrative learning situation.

С. 196-208

 

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INTEGRATION OF MOTOR AND COGNITIVE ACTIVITY IN THE SOCIO-CULTURAL SPACE OF PRESCHOOLERS

Rubenkova L. A.                                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-3-209-215

Abstract.  

The motor activity of a modern preschooler is from 25 to 35 % of the necessary. This problem leads to a crisis of the child’s general health: spiritual and moral, psychosomatic, social and personal. The development of a theoretical model for the development of motor and cognitive activity of an adult and a child (on a game basis) in the system of a preschool educational institution – family – society will become a trigger for not only the rapid and high-quality development of physical education tasks, but also increasing the intellectual and motor density of preschool children, as well as their more successful socialization.

Keywords:

motor activity, locomotion, model, integration of motor and cognitive activity, integration mechanisms, a child regimen, the socio-cultural space of preschool – family – society, graphic symbols, logic of movement and thought, levels of development.

С. 209-215

 

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EVALUATION OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SCHOOL INFORMATION AND LIBRARY CENTERS (Case study of regional innovation sites of Chelyabinsk region)

Kacheva E. V., Svistun I. V.                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-3-216-228

Abstract.  

The article updates the issue of assessing the efficiency of school information and library centers. The present work suggests a contradiction between the need to evaluate activities and existing practices. The author presents and summarizes the experience of schools – regional innovative sites of Chelyabinsk region. Conclusions are being drawn on the feasibility of using the proposed systems as a tool to assess the efficiency of information and library centers at the institutional level.

Keywords:

the school library, the school information and library center, efficiency of the school information and library centers, efficiency of the school library, internal humanitarian audit.

С. 216-228

 

 

YOUNG SCIENTISTS’ VISION

 

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ANALYSIS OF SCIENTIFIC COMMUNICATION FORMS FOR THE OUTSPREAD OF INNOVATIVE PEDAGOGICAL EXPERIENCE 

Tinkovan E. V.                                             DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2022-3-229-237

Abstract.  

The article deals with analyzing the forms of scientific communication for the outspread of innovative pedagogical experience. The article defines the forms of oral scientific communication that promote the understanding of new meanings of education and pedagogical activity; provides some examples of preparation for participation in a scientific discussion. Based on the results of the survey, it is concluded that it is necessary to prepare teachers to participate in the scientific communication and to design professional development programmes aimed at developing scientific communication skills of teachers.

Keywords:

scientific communication, scientific communication skills, forms of oral and written scientific communication, scientific discussion, innovative pedagogical experience, professional development programmes.

С. 229-237

 

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PANORAMIC OVERVIEW OF SOFT SKILLS TEACHING IN COLLEGE STUDENTS

Amantay Zh. A., Ermakov D. S.                       DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2022-3-238-245

Abstract.  

Universities are now taking on a fundamental task in building society, which is why they are called upon to pay special attention to teaching soft skills as an essential part of comprehensive training. The article gives a general definition of the concept and each of the skills, and considers the theory of learning. As a reference model for learning, the main practices and strategies that should be promoted in the context of higher education for their development are presented. In conclusion, the need to create, change or transform teaching practices is emphasized in order to promote a higher education scenario interested in the parallel development of being and doing.

Keywords:

soft skills, competences, higher education.

С. 238-245

 

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FEATURES OF THE SUBJECTIVE PICTURE OF THE WORLD OF SECONDARY VOCATIONAL EDUCATION STUDENTS WITH DIFFERENT LEVELS OF ASOCIALITY

Sosnina A. A.                                         DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2022-3-246-260

Abstract.  

This article examines the influence of individual life experience on the formation of a subjective picture of the world, as well as the influence of personal ideas about the elements of legal reality on human behavior. Purpose of the study: to identify differences in the discipline and offense perception of students of the secondary vocational education system with different levels of asociality. Methods: the study involved students of institutions of secondary vocational education of Tyumen region. In a psychosemantic study, conducted using the method of free associations for the stimuli «discipline» and «offense», 160 students of the secondary vocational education system of Tyumen region took part. Results: the study showed a negative attitude of offenders to the term “discipline”, the ways of organizing it (mostly arbitrary), and the factor of public life, which consists in restricting their freedom and control, which distinguishes them from law-abiding respondents who define discipline as an impetus to development, a way of hardening character and endurance.

Keywords:

perception, the subjective picture of the world, illegal behavior, asociality, students, secondary vocational education.

С. 246-260

 

 

 

Sunday, 22 May 2022 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2022 № 2

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 2-2022

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00 

 

PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION

 

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QUESTIONS OF KNOWLEDGE OR INFORMATION CONCEPT OF THE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE: PHILOSOPHICAL VIEW ON THE ISSUE

Popova A. V.                                                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-2-9-20

Abstract. 

Paying special attention to the conceptual differences between the definitions of “knowledge” and “information”, the author of the article states that the main peculiarity of information is that it is relatively objectified while knowledge is always subjective. Knowledge depends directly on the individual cognitive abilities and, first of all, on the ethical component of the subject who accumulates it basing on the information received. It is concluded that at the present stage of the development of digital technologies, “knowledge” should be used in two main meanings – epistemological and technological. Within the framework of the technological knowledge, information is transformed into relatively formalized knowledge created by a programmer basing on their value preferences and invested by them in the AI knowledge base, which is used to solve a specific task. It is concluded that the formation of genuine knowledge based on the AI that exists today is impossible; however, given the technological progress of the future, the question remains open and requires new research.

Keywords

artificial intelligence, expert system, formal knowledge, technological knowledge, information, consciousness.

С. 9-20

 

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ETHNOMATHEMATICS: SOCIO-CULTURAL AND PSYCHOLINGUISTIC ASPECTS

Yashin B. L.                                                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-2-21-33

Abstract. 

The article reveals the role of socio-cultural and psycholinguistic approaches in confirming the presence of a variety of mathematicians that appear in each culture as a sign system, with their own practices and rules for operating with language signs, which requires the mathematician to be included in a certain language game. The article substantiates the importance of research in the field of ethnomathematics, which indicates that the “first”, “experienced” mathematicians of different cultures differ from each other in the ways of expressing quantitative and relational relations, as well as spatial forms of the real world in the language. It is shown that ethnomathematics defends the idea of the existence of a variety of different-shaped mathematics, which are the product of various cognitive and instrumental practices that are characteristic of a certain social group, a specific culture. The proposal is discussed to consider some of the ideas and results of the concept of “language games” by L. Wittgenstein, which are related to mathematics, as a contribution to the development of the normative concept of mathematics. The importance of the normative approach to mathematics and possible difficulties in its use are noted.

Keywords

culture, mathematics, norm, rule, cognitive and subject practice, ethnomathematics, language game.

С. 21-33

 

 

Psychological Sciences 19.00.00

 

MEDICAL PSYCHOLOGY

  

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EDUCATION AND UPBRINGING OF CHILDREN WITH THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM PATHOLOGY IN THE CONTEXT OF INCLUSION

Turovskaya N. G., Kondratovich A. V.,
Starovoitova V. S., Turovskaya O. D.
                
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-2-34-46

Abstract. 

The article discusses the issue of inclusive education and upbringing of children with pathology of the central nervous system. The author describes features of mental development disorder in children with the cerebral organic pathology in relation to the lesion focus or the functional lag of certain brain structures. The article compares the originality of the development of children with a different picture of the bioelectrical activity of the brain, with the residual cerebral organic pathology and convulsive paroxysms affected by it. The author analyzes criteria for choosing an educational route for a child with the central nervous system pathology, indicates didactic techniques and requirements for teaching a child with the cerebral organic pathology in the context of inclusion. It is emphasized the importance of optimizing the social situation of the development of a sick child with the aim of stabilizing their psycho-emotional state and preventing the formation of secondary neurotic reactions.

Keywords

children, pathology of the central nervous system, education and upbringing, inclusion.

С. 34-46

 

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THE COGNITIVE COMPONENT OF ATTITUDES TO HEALTH BY PEOPLE OF DIFFERENT AGES

Ushakova V. R.                                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-2-47-58

Abstract. 

The article presents the results of a comparative analysis of beliefs about health and a healthy lifestyle, as well as the prevailing sources of information about health among adolescents, students and adults. There have been used the following research methods: a survey and a projective method. The predominant sources of information about health, which are trusted by people of different ages, have been identified. The characteristic different and similar points are determined. The most significant and reliable source of information about health is a doctor for all age categories. It has been revealed that adolescents and student youth also prefer to draw information from social networks, mature people – from popular science literature. It has been confirmed that physical activity and healthy eating habits are the predominant beliefs about ways to maintain health for adolescents, physical and mental harmony – for students, and abandoning bad habits – for adults. The indicators of health for adolescents are sociability and cheerfulness, for young people they are happiness and inner harmony, for people of the mature age – external beauty and cheerfulness.

Keywords

attitudes towards health, a cognitive component, health beliefs, sources of health information.

С. 47-58

 

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HOSPITAL SCHOOLS IN GREAT BRITAIN AND THE UNITED STATES: EDUCATIONAL GOALS AND INFRASTRUCTURE UNDER CREATION

Adamyan E. I.                                                   DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-2-59-71

Abstract. 

The study examines the hospital schools experience in the UK and the US and consists of two parts. In its first part, published this year in issue No.1 of the given journal, we considered the idea of a pupil of a hospital school, their needs, which are reflected in the legal documents of the two countries. In this article, we focus on the goals of education and upbringing of a child under a long-term care, goal-related mission of hospital schools, the specifics of the educational environment, as well as the infrastructure with which this environment is created.

Keywords

children under a long-term care, hospital schools, educational environment, interdepartmental interaction.

С. 59-71

 

PSYCHOLOGY OF LABOR, ENGINEERING PSYCHOLOGY, ERGONOMICS

  

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MODERN PRACTICE OF USING THE CATEGORY OF “CONTEXT” IN THE WORK OF PSYCHOLOGISTS, COACHES AND BUSINESS TRAINERS 

Kalashnikov V. G., Danilochkina V. V.                 DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-2-72-83

Abstract. 

The article focuses on the practical application of the category of “context” in the work of psychologists, coaches and business coaches. The purpose of the article is to demonstrate the increasing pragmatic potential of using the “context” category in the work of members of caring professions. There are examples of psychological practices, business training programs and coaching tools, which are based on the concept of “context” and its meaning-forming role, which allows transforming life experience and increasing understanding of events that take place in a person’s life.

Keywords

context, the context-oriented approach, practical psychology, nootechnics, coaching, business training, negotiation psychology, conflictology, the semantic psychological context, a metaconcept.

С. 72-83

 

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 

 

MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

 

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ADDITIONAL EDUCATION IN A PANDEMIC: CHALLENGES AND SOLUTIONS

Boyarinov D. A.                                                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-2-84-95

Abstract. 

The article discusses the features of organizing and implementing educational activities amid the pandemic. The views of modern teachers on the positive and negative consequences of the global-scale transition to exclusively distance learning are analyzed. The potential of the system of additional education in relation to overcoming negative consequences is revealed and requirements are formulated for the content of additional educational programs focused on ensuring the quality of education amid the pandemic.

Keywords:

additional education, digital educational platforms, additional educational programs, distance learning, education amid the pandemic.

С. 84-95

 

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INNOVATIVE MODEL OF STATE AND PUBLIC REGULATION OF THE ACTIVITIES
OF AN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION IN THE FIELD OF ISLAMIC EDUCATION 

Yakovleva A. V.                                               DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-2-96-104

Abstract. 

The article examines managing a modern Islamic educational institution. It is revealed that if the formation of public management structures is a problematic element in the «state-public» relationship in secular educational organizations, the system of Islamic education lacks effective mechanisms of interaction with the state. An innovative model of state and public regulation of the activities of an Islamic educational organization, which is based on the principles of Russian educational management, is suggested.

Keywords:

Islamic education, state and public administration, state, society, confession of faith.

С. 96-104

 

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IMPLEMENTATION OF ACADEMIC STUDENT MOBILITY IN THE UK
AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 21st CENTURY

Boguslavsky M. V., Roslyakova A. A.            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-2-105-114

Abstract. 

The article presents the specifics of the implementation of academic mobility of students in the UK at the beginning of the 21st century. Cross-border movement of students, that is, international student mobility, is recognized as the most visible form of internationalization in higher education. The UK remains competitive in the global higher education arena and is an attractive option for international students. International students make an invaluable social, cultural and economic contribution to the development of the UK. The UK government has made it clear that universities that aspire to become global institutions will always be open to international students. This has helped realize many of the economic benefits that education exports have brought to the UK. Despite the global pandemic, the UK has made great strides in realizing the goals outlined in the original International Education Strategy.

Keywords:

academic mobility, student experience, immigration process, foreign students, mobile education, International Education Strategy.

С. 105-114

 

 

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

 

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TRADITIONS OF KINSHIP AMONG TUVANS AS A FACTOR OF SPIRITUAL
AND MORAL EDUCATION OF THE INDIVIDUAL

Kuular S. V.                                                 DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-2-115-123

Abstract. 

This article presents a generalized analysis of the study on the features and veneration of kinship relations among the ancient Tuvans as a sacred tradition, which was guided by the spiritual and moral upbringing of children. The observance of consanguineous relations among the ancient Tuvans was considered an unshakable tradition that contributed to the upbringing of a highly moral generation. The results of an empirical study showing the transformation of the traditions of kinship relations among modern Tuvans are presented. The author adheres to the ethno-pedagogical concept of spiritual and moral education of the individual, in which national traditions and customs play a leading role. Based on the theoretical analysis of historical, pedagogical sources and her own empirical research, the author actualizes the problem of preserving the folk traditions of raising children among Tuvans, reveals their moral character.

Keywords:

spiritual and moral education, a Tuvan family, family traditions of upbringing, globalization and modernization, kinship relations.

С. 115-123

 

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THE DOMINANT ROLE OF THE KOMSOMOL IN YOUTH OUTREACH
IN THE SOVIET UNION

Nikiforenkova A. M.                                   DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-2-124-134

Abstract. 

The article examines the role of the All-Union Leninist Young Communist League in educational outreach in the Soviet Union, the process of forming its structure, the transformation of priority areas of activity and organization’s problems in various times.

Keywords:

Komsomol, All-Union Leninist Young Communist League, outreach, the young, student associations, youth movement, youth policy.

С. 124-134

 

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION

 

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ASSESSMENT OF THE COMPETENCIES OF PRE-SERVCE SPECIALISTS IN PHYSICAL CULTURE AND SPORTS IN THE FURTHER EDUCATION SYSTEM

Artemova M. A.                                               DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-2-135-140

Abstract.  

To date, institutions of further education face the task of training a competitive specialist with a set of competencies that meet the requirements of the labor market. The measurability of competencies as a subject of learning outcomes control is currently of the highest difficulty both in theoretical and practical terms. The article discusses the mechanisms and stages of assessing the general and professional competencies of pre-service specialists in physical culture and sports in the system of further education. The example of dividing the competencies into elements and the corresponding descriptors of their assessment are given. The article presents the requirements for the assessment funds, the procedure for assessing general and professional competencies. The article also considers the assessment of the competencies based on the results of mastering the training cycles of the curriculum according to the data of the accumulative system and the assessment based on the results of specially organized tests.

Keywords:

further vocational education, assessment of competencies, professional and general competencies, assessment funds, portfolio, a qualifying exam.

С. 135-140

 

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ACADEMIC PERFECTIONISM OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN ONLINE ENGLISH LEARNING 

Filyasova Yu. A.                                            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-2-141-155

Abstract.  

This paper aims to study forms and causes of academic perfectionism in the context of distance learning on the material of a student survey on the benefits and drawbacks of learning the English language in an online group setting. Methods of research included opinion categorization, content-analysis and quantitative calculation. The results of opinion analysis showed that distance leaning of English creates conditions for developing academic perfectionism, which is expressed through generation of personal intentions to significantly enhance one’s language skills. However, under the conditions of social distance and mediated communication, social interactions become distorted, personal mindset changes, academic motivation decreases, the correlation between the social and individual “I” is modified, the social component in the personal structure is reduced. Academic perfectionism acquires negative signs of procrastination, criticism, lowered performance efficiency, and increased role of a rigid individual personal construct. The intensity of foreign communicative competence development plummets in the distance learning context in comparison with face-to-face training in a group setting due to the lack of organizational and methodological instructions from the teacher’s behalf, time-limits, increased amount of written tasks, limited spoken communication, lowered student involvement in the lesson activity. Learning English as a foreign language implies interactive student work, social roles assumption, and solving communicative tasks during active communication. The most vulnerable aspect of the language activity is speaking, which is only possible through interactive communication; however, it becomes less efficient in distance learning owing to the lack of non-verbal behavior observation and knowledge of social and psychological state of communicants. The online education organization was rather complicated due to problems with the individual technical equipment, an insufficient amount of time for each student, difference in digital levels of students and instructors as program users, mediated communication, psychological distancing and conventionality of social interaction in virtual reality.

Keywords:

perfectionism, distance learning, digital education, digital environment, students, procrastination, self-organization, unsupervised work, the English language, socialization.

С. 141-155

 

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TEACHING ACTIVITY IN THE POST-EPIDEMIC PERIOD: EXPERIENCE AND SOLUTIONS IN THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA

Zanina L. V., Li Nannan.                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-2-156-170

Abstract.  

The article analyzes the issue of improving the professional competence of teachers in the People’s Republic of China on the basis of the results of studies of various categories of citizens and teachers during the epidemic and post-epidemic periods. The socio-cultural and socio-political conditions that determine the changes in the characteristics of the professional competence of teachers are noted. The aim is to describe the content and technological characteristics of the teacher’s activity in the context of the digitalization of teaching in Chinese basic schools. A review of scientific research is conducted to reveal the characteristics of the attitude of teachers, parents and students to the introduction of online education in connection with the outbreak of the epidemic. The factors influencing the implementation of innovative processes in education in the post-epidemic period are determined. The methodological basis of the study is the provisions of the cultural-historical approach. They emphasize the value of education and the position of teachers in the development and formation of the Chinese statehood. The authors describe the “smart class” and “deep education” technologies that are innovative for China. The scientific novelty lies in presenting the experience of Chinese basic schools in improving the qualifications of teachers in the context of implementing the state program “Internet + Education”; the article also presents the requirements for the professional competence of teachers who implement the state program for modernization of education.

Keywords:

professional competence of a teacher, socio-cultural and socio-political conditions, post-epidemic period, informatization of education, “smart class”, modernization of education, professional development of a teacher.

С. 156-170

 

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TOOLKIT AND DIAGNOSTIC ASSESSMENT OF ADOLESCENT NUTRITION CULTURE AS A BASIC COMPONENT OF THEIR LIFESTYLE

Kolikova E. G., Shibkova D. Z.                      DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-2-171-182

Abstract.  

The article presents the results of a study on food culture and eating behavior of adolescents: the observance of diet and dietary intake, food preferences and restrictions, the quality of food consumed. The authors compared the results of surveying students and their parents in order to identify the causes of eating disorders of students. The article makes a comparative analysis of the eating habits of different groups of respondents, separated according to gender and place of residence. The conclusion of the article suggests the way to solve the problem through implementing interdisciplinary links and synthesis of cognitive and transformative activities.

Keywords:

healthy eating, eating behavior, diet, eating habits, eating culture.

С. 171-182

 

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION

 

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PEDAGOGICAL SUPPORT OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS WHEN CHOOSING
THE FUTURE PROFESSION

Nazarova A. S., Vishnyakova E. I.,
Barinova S. G.
                                             
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-2-183-189

Abstract.  

The article analyzes the system of career guidance in different countries of the world. The authors rise the following relevant questions: why nowadays it is important and necessary to provide the schoolchildren with the pedagogical support during career counseling, and what modern advances and approaches will help young people choose the profession of the future.

Keywords:

career guidance, pedagogical support, self-determination, the young, education, professional engagement.

С. 183-189

 

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FORMING THE PEDAGOGICAL COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE OF PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS AT THE PRE-UNIVERSITY STAGE OF TRAINING IN THE PROCESS OF PROJECT MANAGEMENT

Rudakova E. A., Leifa A. V.                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-2-190-200

Abstract.  

The present article discusses the process of forming the pedagogical communicative competence of pre-service teachers studying through implementing the project management into the teaching and educational process of the lyceum under a pedagogical university. The article reveals the topicality of applying the project management method in the teaching and educational environment of the lyceum under a pedagogical university. It also considers types of projects and the features of their implementation in practice in order to form the basic communicative and pedagogical skills of future teachers. The article presents the stages of work on each of the projects and the results of their application, taking into account the psychological and age characteristics of high school students from the position of their formation as future teachers.

Keywords:

pedagogical communicative competence, project management, pre-service teachers, a pedagogical lyceum, an international telecommunication project, an international information project, a creative project.

С. 190-200

 

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REALIZING THE INFORMATION APPROACH TO THE ORGANIZATION OF CAREER GUIDANCE ACTIVITIES IN THE PROPAEDEUTIC COURSE OF PHYSICS

Begasheva I. S.                                               DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-2-201-209

Abstract.  

The article deals with an important to-date issue of the vocational guidance of secondary school students. According to numerous surveys and studies, the secondary school students have almost no knowledge about the real needs and existing demand in the labor market. This is followed by a random choice of profession, which entails wasting energy with unclear results, which further leads to unnecessary loss of time and deterioration of the student’s self-esteem. Considerable attention in the article is paid to the realization of the information approach to organizing the career guidance activities in the propaedeutic course of physics in grades 5–6. The practical significance of the article lies in the fact that it considers the creation of a virtual career guidance excursion to acquaint students with reliable information about modern professions, educational institutions and organizations that provide jobs, the needs of the modern labor market.

Keywords:

basic general education, vocational guidance for students, digital educational environment.

С. 201-209

 

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COMPONENTS OF STUDENT MOTIVATION DEVELOPMENT TO PHYSICAL EDUCATION CLASSES IN DISTANCE LEARNING

Tsyganenko O. S., Markova O. A.,
Velichko T. I., Smirnov A. G.
                      
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-2-210-215

Abstract.  

The authors of the article attempt to generalize the experience of the faculty members of the Department of «Physical Culture and Sports» of Bauman Moscow State Technical University in the context of transition to distance learning, during the quarantine measures introduced during the pandemic of coronavirus infection caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. The results of the study are presented, on the basis of which recommendations are given to university lecturers on the purposeful development of motivation in the educational and training activities of students under the lockdown conditions. The mutual influence of motivation on the results of online learning is proved. The gender features when forming the students’ motivational components are revealed. Possible promising areas of cooperation with students in educational and training activities in the format of distance learning are presented. The main features of the organization of distance learning and the prospect of introducing distance technologies into the educational process of physical education of students at the present stage are described. This study data should be considered for the successful implementation of the professional and applied training in physical education of students of technical universities.

Keywords:

students, pandemic, distance learning, physical education and sports, components of motivation development, motivational training.

С. 210-215

 

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PARAMETERS OF STUDENTS’ INDEPENDENT WORK AS THE CRITERIA FOR DETECTING THE INFORMATION AND EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

Shaposhnikova T. L., Tedoradze T. G.,
Vyazankova V. V.
                                            
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-2-216-226

Abstract.  

The article considers the relationship between the parameters of independent work of students and the characteristics of the university information and educational environment. The authors have substantiated that the parameters reflecting the independent work of students characterize, first of all, such aspects of the information and educational environment as its modality, breadth, intensity, dominance, coherence, safety and effectiveness, which is due to the fact that the factors of success of independent work are the same as the educational process as a whole. The theoretical significance of the results of this study is that they can be the basis for further scientific understanding of the issue of the effectiveness of independent work of students; the practical significance is that they can be used in systems of socio-pedagogical monitoring (monitoring the quality of education and the effectiveness of the educational environment).

Keywords:

student, independent work, information and educational environment, interrelation, parameters.

С. 216-226

 

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ELECTRONIC LABORATORY RECORDS ON INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
IN LMS MOODLE SYSTEM

Artemkina Yu. M., Shcherbakov V. V.,
Artemkina I. M.
                                           
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-2-227-241

Abstract.  

In the distance learning system LMS Moodle, an electronic laboratory records system for the discipline “General and Inorganic Chemistry” has been developed and tested in the educational process, which is aimed at first-year undergraduate and specialty students of the Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology. The electronic laboratory records include the performance of 11 laboratory works on the chemistry of elements and their compounds by students in the assessment model. The LMS Moodle system also contains a bank of 654 questions for the protection of laboratory works.

Keywords:

digitalization of education, LMS Moodle system, distance learning, blended learning, computer testing, electronic laboratory records, general and inorganic chemistry.

С. 227-241

 

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STUDYING PSYCHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF THE PERSONALITY OF A CADET
OF EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS OF THE FEDERAL PENITENTIARY SERVICE
OF RUSSIA IN THE CONDITIONS OF A PANDEMIC: PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS

Paulkina D. P.                                              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-2-242-250

Abstract.  

The article discusses the features of distance learning during the COVID-19 pandemic, notes the positive and negative aspects of the distance learning. The analysis of the scientific problems that researchers faced when working with cadets of law enforcement agencies during the COVID-19 pandemic was carried out. Special attention is paid to the organization of the educational process of cadets of educational organizations of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia. The problems of using some diagnostic methods in Google Forms are revealed, an example of studying the individual characteristics of a cadet’s personality using the Test of «Life Orientations» by D. A. Leontiev in Google Forms is given. In conclusion, the importance of working towards improving the methods and techniques of working with cadets in a remote format using Google Forms is noted.

Keywords:

pandemic, distance learning, cadet, educational environment, psychological features, Google Forms.

С. 242-250

 

 

YOUNG SCIENTISTS’ VISION

 

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ANALYSIS OF FACTORS OF FORMING THE ORGANIZATIONAL AND MANAGERIAL COMPETENCE IN MILITARY PERSONNEL

Nuyftin E. V.                                             DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2022-2-251-261

Abstract.  

The article analyzes the requirements for the level of vocational education, the state order to form the organizational and managerial competence of military personnel. The relevance of the study is revealed through the characterization of the professionalism of military personnel and officers especially, their overcoming difficulties in adaptation and qualitative implementation of managerial activities. The importance of these requirements is reflected in the federal state educational standards of higher education and departmental qualification requirements for graduates of military institutions. The research on the qualitative development of the organizational and managerial competence focuses on its determining factors. The identified factors make it possible to adjust the process of educational activity, directing it to the use of individual design tools. The article reveals the scientific works of scientists and teachers that aim to investigate the causes and conditions of forming the organizational and managerial competence. Based on the analysis of psychological and pedagogical literature, guidance documents, and reports, the author substantiates the developed classification of factors, highlighting internal and external ones. The study reflects the reasoned content of the proposed classification of the competence formation factors. The internal factors include psychological characteristics, cognitive-reflexive abilities and leadership qualities. The external factors include a political and economic factor, an educational factor, environment and spiritual and moral values. These factors contribute to the selection of high-quality means of the competence formation.

Keywords:

the competence formation, organizational and managerial competence, factors of formation, internal and external factors, the content of factors, vocational education, state order, competitiveness.

С. 251-261

 

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TEAChING ENGLISH WITH THE HELP OF THE “MOODLE” ON-LINE SERVICE
(MOBILE APPLICATION) IN A MEDICAL SCHOOL

Sharipova F. I.                                         DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2022-2-262-274

Abstract.  

The article provides a scientific rationale for the possibility of using the online service Moodle (mobile version) in English classes at medical schools. The author investigates the possibility of using mobile learning when teaching English in medical schools. Lecturers of the «Foreign languages» department and students of the «Pediatrics» faculty of Tashkent Pediatric Medical Institute took part in the study. The research tools were reviews and focus group discussions of students’ work and interviews with lecturers. The thematic analysis of the interviews showed that the lecturers were using Moodle as a way to minimize distance learning, to compensate students’ absences due to the COVID-19 pandemic, to increase professional learning of English, and to increase motivation of underachieving students. Focus group discussions, case studies, and reviews of students’ work on the Moodle online service showed that students found this way of learning easy, interesting, and useful. According to the results, students’ online or offline participation does not affect their performance and grades, except for the question about the appropriateness of the method, while their motivation and professional interest affect their grades; at the same time the opinion of advanced students outweighs the opinion of basic students about the MOODLE online service.

Keywords:

education, institution of higher education, online service, Moodle, learning environment, motivation for learning.

С. 262-274

 

 

 

 

Sunday, 20 March 2022 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2022 № 1

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 1-2022

CONTENTS

 

 

Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00 

 

HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY

 

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EUROPEAN CONSERVATISM AND NATURE STUDY: “FAUSTIAN” IDENTITY

Tagirov Ph. V.                                                 DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-1-9-22

Abstract. 

The stability and definiteness of one’s identity in the “liquid modernity” cannot be fully achieved by appealing exclusively to one or another form of social community and requires searching for deeper, anthropological foundations. Such anthropological foundations imply the correlation of a person with nature and, as a consequence, a certain understanding of it. Nature is not defined primarily as an external object for the human user, but acts as a unity, into which the man is organically included, or is sanctified and sacralized as part of the cosmos, or even viewed together with the man as a projection of a transcendent metaphysical order. The article deals with various approaches to understanding and cognition of nature, proposed by representatives of conservative thought in continental Europe in the XX – early XXI centuries. The article examines the question of the relationship between ecological practice and the anthropological foundations of the human worldview, the traditional conservative vision of the human order as organic, the historical role of the Christian attitude to nature from the point of view of conservative thinkers, and, finally, Spengler’s understanding of the connection between Western nature study and the «Faustian» European soul. The theoretical basis of this study is the works by O. Spengler, E. Jünger, M. Eliade, A. Mohler, C. Schmitt, H. Freyer, A. de Benoist, G. K. Kaltenbrunner, A. M. Rutkevich, S. V. Artamoshin and others. The study is based on the principles of discourse analysis, comparative, socio-philosophical, philosophical-historical and historical-philosophical methodology.

Keywords

anthropology, European identity, conservatism, nature, tradition, ecology.

С. 9-22

 

ONTOLOGY AND EPISTEMOLOGY

 

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PROBLEM METHOD IN IMPLEMENTING A CRITICAL THINKING PROJECT

Sukhanova N. P.                                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-1-23-30

Abstract. 

The developing educational project “Logic and Critical Thinking”, in relation to which the search for its subject area continues, is considered in order to analyze the results of the practice of implementing the problem method. Teaching critical thinking with a focus on the problem-activity paradigm of knowledge translation presupposes the cultivation of the research education. Attention is focused on the issues of personal search and students’ own achievement, overcoming the constraining influence of authority. The mechanisms of activation of independent thinking, the resolution of emerging difficulties, which develop into the experience of reflection and self-reflection, are analyzed. The program for the development of logical and critical thinking skills in combination with the problem method creates conditions for the systematic perception of educational practices by students. The conclusion is drawn about the practical importance of logic in the system of modern education and the need for further study of a logical-oriented program of critical thinking.

Keywords

education, the problem method, training, critical thinking, logic, language.

С. 23-30

 

PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION

 

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PHILOSOPHY AS AN INTEGRAL TOOL FOR DEVELOPMENT OF CREATIVE THINKING

Shimelfenig O. V.                                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-1-31-42

Abstract. 

The work shows the leading role of philosophy, first of all, the plot-gaming paradigm for forming always up-to-date competencies: the ability to solve complex tasks; critical thinking; creativity; people management; coordination skills, interaction; emotional intelligence; judgment and decision-making; cognitive flexibility. The plot-gaming methods allow one to integrate into a single training complex a variety of creative technologies, including modern theory of solving inventive tasks. Five specific tasks are considered, on the example of the solution of which a comprehensive plot-gaming strategy of training is demonstrated.

Keywords

philosophy, education, competence, creative activity, thinking, game.

С. 31-42

 

PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

 

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PRE-COMPREHENSION OF THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD IN “MENO”: TOPICAL INTERPRETATIONS

Shurunov K. M.                                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-1-43-50

Abstract. 

The article examines certain aspects of the historical relationship between the scientific method and mysticism. In order to do that, the scientific method is defined as a combination of the reductionism and the formulation of border conditions. The origins of the scientific method are traced to Plato’s “Meno”. Then the article tackles the modern discussion on the topic of reductionism. The modern science, like Plato, concludes that cataphatic definitions outside of the scientific method are impossible. The question arises: is it possible to create a unified description of nature without any mystical definitions? In conclusion, the article argues that a consistent application of reductionism in an attempt to exclude any mysticism can lead to the mysticism of a different level.

Keywords

scientific method, border conditions, reductionism, cataphatic definitions, Plato, mysticism.

С. 43-50

 

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00

 

MEDICAL PSYCHOLOGY

  

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HOSPITAL SCHOOLS IN THE NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL SYSTEMS OF GREAT BRITAIN AND THE USA: INTRODUCING A STUDENT

Adamyan E. I.                                                  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-1-51-59

Abstract. 

The article deals with the organization of education for children who are in a long-term medical care under the educational systems of Great Britain and the USA. The study consists of two parts. The present paper is the first part of the research, in which we consider the ideas about the pupil of the hospital school and their needs, reflected in the legal normative documents of the two countries.

Keywords

children with medical needs, hospital school, special educational needs of a pupil, school reintegration.

С. 51-59

 

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FACTORIAL ASSESSMENT OF THE DYNAMICS OF COGNITIVE FUNCTIONING IN PATIENTS WITH CORONARY HEART DISEASE DURING THE YEAR AFTER CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFTING

Eremina D. A., Gorbunov I. A.,
Shchelkova O. Yu
.
                                               
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-1-60-75

Abstract. 

High-tech operations on the heart vessels are associated with the risk of both operational and postoperative complications, in particular, cognitive impairments. In this regard, it is extremely important to develop diagnostic measures aimed at assessing the postoperative cognitive status of patients at the earliest possible stages of treatment and rehabilitation. The aim of the study is to investigate factors potentially significant for a one-year prognosis of the state of the cognitive sphere of patients, including the clinical features of the underlying disease and the specifics of the operation, individual psychological and emotional-personal characteristics of patients, as well as indicators of cognitive functioning. 118 patients were studied; the average age was 59.86 ± 7.31 years. The study was carried out in five stages during the year after the operation using the clinico-psychological method and a set of 10 psychodiagnostic techniques. A system of factors has been developed and described that allows predicting the state of the patient’s cognitive sphere on any day within a year after the operation. A computer program for predicting the state of the cognitive sphere of patients after cardiac surgery (called «CognPrediction») has been developed and patented (certificate of state registration of a computer program No. 2019618523).

Keywords

cognitive functioning, coronary artery bypass grafting, coronary heart disease, psychosocial characteristics; clinical characteristics, emotional condition, anxiety.

С. 60-75

 

PSYCHOLOGY OF LABOR, ENGINEERING PSYCHOLOGY, ERGONOMICS

  

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SEMANTIC PSYCHOLOGICAL CONTEXT: AN ATTEMPT TO CONCEPTUALIZE AND OPERATIONALIZE THE CONCEPT ON THE MATERIAL OF NEGOTIATION

Danilochkina V. V.                                       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-1-76-84

Abstract. 

The article attempts to conceptualize and operationalize the concept of «semantic psychological context», which is considered as an independent subject of research, mediating the success or failure of the activities of participants in short-term business negotiations. Methods for measuring the breadth of the semantic psychological context, tested on empirical research, are proposed. Based on the definition of the psychological context by A. A. Verbitsky, the content of the semantic psychological context of the activity of the participants in the negotiations is given, which includes a system of such individual psychological characteristics as emotional intelligence, values, the level of reflexivity and negotiation orientation. The breadth of the context is shown to be a relative indicator that requires comparison with the initial state or the state of the context of another subject of joint activity.

Keywords

the “context” category, the semantic psychological context, breadth of context, operationalization, negotiations, short-term business negotiations.

С. 76-84

 

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY

  

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PLANNING AND CONDUCTING DEVELOPMENTAL ACTIVITIES WITH PRESCHOOL CHILDREN: REFLECTION ON THE EXPERIENCE OF STUDENTS TRAINING

Trifonova E. V.                                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-1-85-97

Abstract. 

For a long time, the structure of the school lesson was the model of lessons with preschool children. With attempts to implement this particular model, students from teacher training universities begin to master the principles of organizing educational work with preschoolers. However, the modern standard of preschool education and its methodological support set a different principle for organizing educational work, based on the main provisions of Cultural-Historical Psychology and Activity Theory. The new content should be mastered by students of pedagogical universities, but the usual stereotypical attitudes greatly inhibit the process of appropriating new content. In the first article on this topic, we revealed the basic principles of organizing developmental classes with preschoolers, and here, in the second article, the difficulties of developing and conducting such classes by students are analyzed.

Keywords

preschool education, classes in preschool educational institutions, developmental activities with preschool children, activity-based approach in education, Federal State Educational Standard of Preschool Education, pedagogical practice of students.

С. 85-97

 

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DEVELOPING SKILLS OF CRITERIA-BASED SELF-ASSESSMENT OF TASK 39 OF THE UNIFIED STATE EXAM IN ENGLISH

Bogdanova S. Yu., Bozhko K. O.                        DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-1-98-109

Abstract. 

A task of utmost importance for contemporary schools, especially when preparing for the Unified State Exam, is to increase the students’ independent study. It is impossible to fulfil this task if the learner lacks self-assessment skills to evaluate their own educational activity, and, consequently, lacks adequate self-esteem. We base on the self-assessment of the USE training task to write a personal letter (Task 39). A special course “Write & Check” was designed for the experiment and it proved to be effective. During the course the pupils simultaneously (1) were taught to write a personal letter checking it with the help of a special blank with 20 criteria, and (2) had their self-esteem modified by means of psychological methods. After the formative experiment being carried out, certain reliable, statistically significant differences between the control and the experimental groups were revealed. The results of the written task and self-assessment in the experimental group improved significantly, while in the control group the change was minor. The level of pupils’ psychological self-esteem became consistently adequate. The experiment proves the subject-related self-assessment skills formation to be effective if based of the students’ psychological self-esteem correction.

Keywords

criteria-based self-assessment, psychological self-esteem, critical thinking, psychological and pedagogical experiment, Unified State Exam.

С. 98-109

 

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INDIVIDUAL FEATURES OF THE THINKING ACTIVITY OF YOUNGER SCHOOLCHILDREN IN THE PROCESS OF UNDERSTANDING THE EDUCATIONAL MATERIAL

Shadurko O. V.                                               DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-1-110-122

Abstract. 

The article examines such a topical problem as the study of the individual characteristics of the mental activity of younger schoolchildren in the process of understanding the educational material. Understanding acts as a subject of study in the following humanities: psychology, philosophy, logic, pedagogy, cultural studies, sociology, and hermeneutics. The author found that understanding manifests itself as the creation of a sensory image, getting used to a new idea, explanation, the ability to express thoughts, knowledge in a natural language, finding a common plan, isolating the private, overcoming the paradox, answering a question, analyzing the situation “what could have been, if... ”, the level of mastery of meanings, interpreting the text and what has been read, comprehension of an act or judgment of another person. The object of the research is to study understanding as a mental cognitive process. The subject of the research is the peculiarities of the mental activity of younger schoolchildren in the process of understanding the educational material. The provisions, generalizations, formulations and conclusions contained in the work allow a more in-depth analysis of the modern potential of using the experience of primary school teachers in the use of methods for developing understanding of educational material in children of primary school age.

Keywords

a cognitive process, understanding, the primary school age, thinking, educational material, individual characteristics of primary schoolchildren, a learning process.

С. 110-122

 

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PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF LANGUAGE ANXIETY AND STRATEGIES FOR ITS REDUCTION WHEN TEACHING FOREIGN LANGUAGES TO JUNIOR STUDENTS

Shurygina O. V., Sorokoumova G. V.,
Burova I. V
.
                                                  
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-1-123-129

Abstract. 

This article deals with the study of junior students’ foreign language anxiety as the most important problem in the learning process. The forms and factors leading to the foreign language anxiety in junior students are considered. The authors underline the importance of developing and implementing of specific strategies aimed to reducing the foreign language anxiety in students. The results of the research, which prove the efficiency of anxiety-reducing strategies, are presented in the article.

Keywords

language anxiety, students, teachers, a foreign language, strategies, motivation, high requirements, assessment.

С. 123-129

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 

    

THEORY OF EDUCATION

 

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BASIC PRINCIPLES OF ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION FROM THE POSITON OF THE INNOVATIVE EDUCATIONAL PARADIGM

Vishnyakov S. A., Gutorova D. G.                       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-1-130-137

Abstract. 

The article describes the goals and objectives of introducing an innovative educational paradigm, which aims to form a creative individual with their information competency. The article also considers the concept of approach in Pedagogy, the phenomenon of the environmental approach as an innovative one, compares and analyzes various principles of environmental education and concludes that the concepts that specify the environmental approach should be unified.

Keywords:

innovation, innovative educational paradigm, approach to learning, training principle, environmental approach, environmental education.

С. 130-137

 

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MORALITY AND JUVENILE DELINQUENCY: THEORETICAL AND APPLIED SUBSTANTIATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP

Kolesov V. I., Kuznetsova I. A.                       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-1-138-145

Abstract. 

The article deals with theoretical and applied issues of the formation of moral stability of adolescents, including those who are maladapted and are in the criminal justice system. The problem of juvenile delinquency is still acute at the present time. Maladapted adolescents, generated by distorted principles of upbringing in the family, shortcomings on the part of the education system, do not have a clearly formed value-normative complex and face certain difficulties when adapting to society, which requires the development of a system to form their moral stability.

Keywords:

teenager, personality, education, upbringing, maladaptation, criminality, moral stability, values.

С. 138-145

 

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TOOLS FOR REVEALING AND DIFFERENTIATION OF SOCIAL REQUESTS FOR PROFESSIONAL AND PERSONAL QUALITIES OF PRESCHOOL EDUCATION TEACHERS IN CONDITIONS OF GLOBAL DIGITALIZATION

Izotova E. I., Avdulova T. P., Paramonova M. Yu.,
Sorokina O. A., Surudina E. A
.
                       
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-1-146-162

Abstract. 

The article substantiates the need to expand diagnostic tools to identify the social requests of the professional community for mediacompetencies and personal qualities of a modern preschool teacher. The authors present a description of the developed multifactorial questionnaire «Personal and professional qualities of a modern teacher of preschool education: perceptions and deficits» and its descriptive statistics. The text provides data on the internal consistency of the copyright questionnaire (calculation of measures of central tendency and variability, measures of the form of distribution) and the results of its testing on a sample of preschool teachers (N1 = 3962). The optimal model for using the scales of the questionnaire for solving applied problems, in particular, for constructing competence matrices and individual professionalization strategies, has been determined.

Keywords:

social request, teacher’s media competencies, digitalization, multifactorial questionnaire, standardization of a diagnostic tool.

С. 146-162

 

 

MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

 

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IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROJECT “SCHOOL YOU CAN TRUST” IN MOSCOW REGION

Boguslavsky M. V., Kim S. V.,
Filatova A. V., Lugov I. A.
                               
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-1-163-170

Abstract. 

The article discusses the results of monitoring of the implementation of the first stage of the regional project “Schools you can trust” in 2021. The Project has been carried out in Moscow region since 2020. The problems of the Project implementation in schools are being analyzed, recommendations are proposed for eliminating risk factors for achieving the planned results by schools participating in the Project.

Keywords:

schools with low academic results, functioning in difficult social conditions, schools you can trust, regulatory documents of the Project.

С. 163-170

 

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MODERN APPROACHES TO THE CONCEPT OF DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION OF EDUCATION

Korchak K. I., Krasilnikov V. V.,
Toiskin V. S
.
                                                   
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-1-171-183

Abstract. 

Modern society is on the threshold of the fourth industrial revolution – industrial and technological restructuring, the engine of which is the achievements of the mankind in the field of information technologies. The ongoing adaptation of the spheres of human activity to fundamentally new technological conditions allows us to speak about the need for transformation of education as a system that ensures the formation of human capital. The lack of a unified position on the principles of the development of education in accordance with modern challenges is an extremely urgent problem of modern pedagogy. The purpose of this study is to establish the principles and essence of the digital transformation of education on the basis of modern scientific approaches and theories. The scientific novelty lies in the formation of a new view on the process of digital transformation of the educational system as a revolutionary transformation of a key social institution through the mutual adaptation of technologies and pedagogical tools. In the course of the study, the potential of the synergetic approach as a fundamental principle of the new educational system is considered. The result of the study is the identification of the digital transformation of education as a purposeful, controlled process of qualitative transformation of the educational system through the mutual adaptation of information technologies, didactics and teaching methods in order to increase the effectiveness of this process.

Keywords:

transformation of education, digital transformation, digital transformation of education, the fourth industrial revolution, educational system, competencies of the XXIst century, industry 4.0, synergetic approach.

С. 171-183

 

 

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

 

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ON THE HISTORY OF UNIVERSITY PEDAGOGICAL EDUCATION IN RUSSIA 

Lubkov A. V., Litvinova I. V.,
Goncharov M. A
.
                                             
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-1-184-195

Abstract. 

The article examines the history of the development of university pedagogical education in the pre-revolutionary period. The role and interaction of state and public forces, as well as the activities of Moscow higher women’s courses in the development of higher education and domestic pedagogical education are determined. Special attention is paid to the aspect of the role of personality in history.

Keywords:

university, pedagogical education, state policy, teacher, value culture, private and public initiative, science, education, Moscow Higher Courses for Women, a female teacher.

С. 184-195

 

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MOBILIZING CHILDREN: YOUTH AND THE PATRIOTIC WAR CULTURE

Neumann M.                                                   DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-1-196-209

Abstract. 

The article discusses the complex interaction between national mobilization during World War I and children, living in Kyiv as a border region of the Russian Empire, which was affected by the war one of the first. The article addresses the following questions: Is there a relationship between age and the reaction of children to the very beginning of hostilities? How did the children themselves form the nascent military culture? Considering these issues, attention is focused on the role of children, their experiences in the rear during the war.

Keywords:

World War I, military culture, children and adolescents, military mobilization, patriotism, children’s experience of war.

С. 196-209

 

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ON THE HISTORY OF “Y. G. GUREVICH GYMNASIUM AND REALSCHULE” 

Romanenchuk K. V.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-1-210-220

Abstract. 

This article investigates «Y. G. Gurevich gymnasium and realschule»’s records of teaching staff employment, progress and results of annual exams in the non-classical secondary school and maturity tests results in the gymnasium. It summarizes statistics from previously unknown archive records about graduates of Y. G. Gurevich educational institution of 1900, 1901, 1903. On the example of the “Y. G. Gurevich gymnasium and realschule”, the article reveals features of business relationship between the owner and headteacher of the private school and the trustee of the educational district.

Keywords:

Y. G. Gurevich gymnasium and realschule, I. F. Stravynsky, maturity test, final exams, educational district trustee.

С. 210-220

 

 

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION

 

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METHODS OF TEACHING BILINGUAL CHILDREN BY MEANS OF EDUCATION THROUGH PLAY TECHNIQUES

Bryantseva M. V., Murzakova O. G.                      DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-1-221-235

Abstract.  

The article reveals possibilities of using education through play techniques when teaching the Russian language and foreign (English) language to primary school students as a tool to study the grammar of languages and to develop bilingualism. In the course of the pedagogical experiment, we analyzed education through play techniques to study grammar of the Russian and foreign (English) languages in primary school. We also determined the importance and significance of the use of linguistic games for the development of bilingualism within children, identified the essence and tasks of bilingualism, as well as the patterns and principles of the development of bilingualism in primary school children.

Keywords:

bilingual children, grammar, the Russian language, the English language, bilingualism, linguistic grammar training methods, education through play techniques, the primary school age.

С. 221-235

 

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REALIZATION OF THE VALUE OF HEALTH PRESERVATION BY STUDENTS OF
A MEDICAL UNIVERSITY

Biryukova N. V.                                                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-1-236-246

Abstract.  

The article examines the components of the value attitude to health. 537 students of the Resource Center “Medical Sechenov Pre-University” and 153 first-year students of the Sechenov University have answered a questionnaire. The main attention during the survey was paid to the components of health-preserving activity, as well as to the principles of formation of the health-preserving position. The article also considers the components of students’ readiness for health preservation. The results of the study indicate an unformed health-preserving position and value-based attitude to health preservation among young people.

Keywords:

health-preserving, a healthy lifestyle, students, the health-preserving position.

С. 236-246

 

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THE “DETERMINATION OF TOXIC ELEMENTS IN AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS” COMPETENCY

Grigoryeva M. V.                                            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-1-247-258

Abstract.  

The plant products have a direct influence on the nation’s health, so its security is an important task set before the agricultural sector. One of the key safety indicators of the plant products is the grade control of toxic elements. Thus, the agro-industrial complex needs trained experts who can credibly quantify the chemical elements that show the toxicity behavior. The article examines pedagogical conditions of forming the competency of determination of toxic elements in plant and other agricultural products. The structure of methods of the competency formation is given. The content of the competency is defined according to the modern achievements in science and practice in this subject area. The sequence of mastering the competency components by students is provided. As the result, the following types of pedagogical conditions, which were put to an evaluation test in the Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K. A. Timiryazev, were distinguished: motivation- and value-based (orientation to search for harmonious ways of the nature and man interaction), cognitive (the system of theoretical and applied knowledge that define the graduate’s readiness and ability to carry out analytic quantitation of toxic metals), pragmatistic (provision of a sufficient amount of experience of practical activity to make the skills to do the sampling, sample preparation, instruments measuring, and results interpreting formed), material and technical (modern laboratory facilities, university subdivisions, electronic and information environment).

Keywords:

control of heavy metals content in agricultural products, training students in Master’s programs, competency-based approach, quality control test of plant products.

С. 247-258

 

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION

 

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DIGITAL COMMUNICATION CULTURE WHEN MANAGING AN EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATION

Tetina S. V.                                               DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-1-259-267

Abstract.  

The article discusses modern methods of effective management of an educational organization using digital messengers for communication of the entire staff from the head of the teaching staff down. A huge role for forming the integrity of the educational organization as a team of like-minded people is played by the communicative interaction formed on the basis of the internal corporate culture through the communication management. Communication is presented as information interaction of team members on the basis of digital messengers when performing their functional duties for the effective functioning of an educational organization. Various methods of digital communication are presented and described: vertical, horizontal and diagonal.

Keywords:

educational organization, teacher, communication, communication culture, digital communication.

С. 259-267

 

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SPECIAL FEATURES OF TEACHING FOREIGN LANGUAGES TO STUDENTS OF A NON-LINGUISTIC UNIVERSITY IN THE CONTEXT OF THE DIGITAL EDUCATION

Chernyaeva I. V. Yakushova E. S.                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2022-1-268-283

Abstract.  

The article deals with the issues of using digital technologies in the educational process when teaching foreign languages to students of the financial and economic field of training. The relevance of the proposed research lies in the need to improve the information and communication competence of both students and university lecturers in the conditions of universal digitalization of education. Our research is based on the analysis of both domestic and foreign authors who consider the use of interactive digital tools when studying vocabulary and grammar, when developing speech skills and abilities in a virtual educational environment. In the course of the study, first-year students of the Financial University were polled to find out their attitude to digital and traditional tasks (online testing, online quizzes, language crosswords, essays, presentation) that students performed during the academic year in English classes. The results of comparing the survey data with the actual academic performance of students in each type of tasks, as well as the analysis of the results of independent work of students in the program Rosetta Stone® are of practical interest.

Keywords:

education, distance learning, communication competencies, digitalization, Rosetta Stone, digital services and tools.

С. 268-283

 

 

YOUNG SCIENTISTS’ VISION

 

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ARMED CONFLICTS AND EDUCATION IN WEST AFRICA: IMPLICATIONS
OF THE ARMED CONFLICT IN MALI FOR THE EDUCATION OF WAR-DISPLACED CHILDREN

Mamadu Sissoko.                                         DOI10.31862/2218-8711-2022-1-284-294

Abstract.  

Mali has been experiencing an unprecedented armed conflict since 2012, pitting the Malian state against terrorist and separatist groups. This armed conflict has led to a massive displacement of population inside and outside the country. This massive displacement of population with children in various directions has strongly destabilized the Malian education system. The objective of this research is to take stock of the school situation of displaced children; to assess the policy and the assistance and aid system put in place by the Malian State to ensure the education of displaced children; and to propose ways to improve the system in place for the educational support of these children displaced by war in Mali.

Keywords:

armed conflict, atrocities, children displaced by war, refugees, educational assistance system, Mali.

С. 284-294

 

 

 

Sunday, 16 January 2022 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2021 № 6

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 6-2021

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00 

 

HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY

 

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DISCUSSIONS IN SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY EPISTEMOLOGY: LOCKE AGAINST HERBERT

Sorokina T. B.                                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-6-9-15

Abstract. 

The article reveals the contradictions between the supporters of different epistemological approaches – Edward Herbert and John Locke. Locke’s critique of the theory of innate ideas not only reveals the basic arguments of representatives of empiricism and materialism in discussions with opponents, but also allows a deeper understanding of the culture and mentality of English intellectuals of the XVIIth century. On the basis of Herbert’s rationalist theory, the author shows how some cognitive ideas that seemed to have been pushed to the periphery of cognition reveal a new meaning in a new context. The scientific novelty of the study is determined by the expansion of the traditional interpretation of the chapter “Experience on Human Understanding” by Locke, devoted to the ideas of Herbert’s, through the use of the provisions of Herbert’s epistemology.

Keywords

theory of knowledge, innate ideas, D. Locke, E. Herbert, empiricism, rationalism.

С. 9-15

 

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PHILOSOPHICAL IDEAS OF N. V. USTRYALOV IN THE CONTEXT
OF SLAVOPHILE THOUGHT

Skorokhodova S. I.                                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-6-16-25

Abstract. 

The article attempts to unpack the philosophical debate between N. V. Ustryalov – the leader of the Smenovekhstvo (Change of Signposts) movement – and Slavophiles, which, as the author of the article considers, brings up these topic most intensely. The main trinary in Ustryalov’s political ontology is distinguished (power, nationalism, religion – which should be based on a creative idea). This trinary is compared with the Slavophiles’ acknowledged trinary (Orthodoxy, nationalism, autocracy). It is shown that, in the “power – people” correlation, Ustryalov gives his preference to power, mystifying and psychologizing it. Power of the state, at the same time, according to the Slavophiles, is the manifestation of the people’s will, resting on the conscious mind which consolidates in churches and universities. It is stated that the major disagreement between Ustryalov and the Slavophiles lay in their attitude to the Orthodoxy. Ustryalov believed that not only religion, but also philosophy could become the spiritual ground for life of society but only if having the creative element. Ustryalov believed in the principle of religious tolerance. The Slavophiles suggested that power should be based on the very spiritual ground that develops historically: independently of it, it is impossible to resist the newfangled ideas that are skillfully driven home to people. It is concluded in the article that, seeing romanticism in the Slavophiles’ doctrine, Ustryalov himself was not devoid of it.

Keywords

power, state, national politics, Slavophiles, Ustryalov, tolerance, the national idea, a creative idea, the evil art, pechalovanie.

С. 16-25

 

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SHESTOV AND SHAKESPEARE

Florova V. S.                                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-6-26-34

Abstract. 

The paper is concerned with a special role, which Shakespeare and interpretation of his work played in the philosophical reflections of L. I. Shestov. Being an existentialist, personalist and philosopher of life, Shestov rejected not only positivist philosophy in all of its forms, but also philosophy as a system in general. And in this matter Shakespeare was perceived by Shestov as the principal ally. Shestov’s approach to the work and personality of Shakespeare shows a peculiar substitution of the text with its interpretation: Shestov’s attitude as a reader is declared to be the attitude set by the text itself. This approach does not contradict Shestov’s philosophy: in his opinion, Shakespeare, the creator, should not be analyzed but perceived through the reader’s personal experience. According to Shestov, it is the analysis that attempts to squeeze poetry into the framework of the scientific discourse kills the poetic text.

Keywords

Shestov, Shakespeare, Hamlet, Brutus, Russian philosophy, positivism, existentialism.

С. 26-34

 

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00

 

SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY

  

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PSYCHOLOGICAL CONFLICT RESOLUTION STRATEGIES IN ORGANIZATION MANAGEMENT

Slobodchikova Yu. V., Semchuk I. V.                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-6-35-47

Abstract. 

The article focuses on the issue of ways of behavior in a conflict situation, as well as psychological strategies for resolving conflicts when managing an organization. Based on theoretical analysis and experimental verification of the proposed provisions, the work aims to identify psychological strategies for conflict resolution when managing an organization. Based on the theoretical analysis, the conducted research identified an acute need for introducing the study of psychological strategies for conflict resolution into the training system of heads of organizations.

Keywords

styles of behavior in conflict, the effectiveness of managing an organization.

С. 35-47

 

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DEVELOPMENT OF SUBJECTS OF ADDITIONAL EDUCATION: SOCIAL
AND PSYCHOLOGICAL PROBLEMS

Gasanova R. R., Valeeva G. V.,
Arpentieva M. R., Kuznetsova N. V
.
                    
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-6-48-59

Abstract. 

The work contains a theoretical analytical and synthetic understanding of the problems of the development of additional education in the context of formation and development of its subjects (lecturers and teachers, students and schoolchildren). One of the means on this path is an individual educational trajectory – the space and time of cooperation of educational subjects on the issues of self-actualization and self-realization of a person as an individual, partner and professional. When mastering additional education programs, pre-service specialists can expand and deepen their professional, as well as interpersonal and personal subjectivity, moving along individual educational trajectories, master and reflect on the issues of reorganizing social relations (including educational). They need to comprehend the possibilities and limitations of different models of approaches, expand and deepen their understanding of the world of pedagogical and other relationships, strengthen their desire to develop, the ability to support and stimulate this desire in their lives, and in the lives and activities of their students.

Keywords

additional education, individual educational trajectories, development, innovation, sustainable development, abandonment of development, degradation, sociopathy.

С. 48-59

 

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THE ISSUE OF THE HUMAN IMAGE IN RUSSIAN AND BELARUSIAN PSYCHOLOGY

Strelenko A. A.                                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-6-60-72

Abstract. 

The article presents the results of the key theoretical directions in the study of the psychic image in the Russian and Belarusian psychology. Based on the theoretical analysis carried out, we can conclude that the issue of psychic images developed on the levels of psychic reflection from simpler forms, such as the signal on which the reflex began to function, to increasingly complex forms, such as the integral image of reality, the image of the world, the image of oneself or the image of other people, in particular. The accumulation of research both in the field of general psychology and in the field of social psychology, the topic of the image of a human became more integrated. At the present stage, such integration is realized in the social-perceptual approach of studying the image of a human.

Keywords

the theoretical approach, consciousness, image, the image of a human, social-perceptual images.

С. 60-72

 

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RETIREMENT OF UNIVERSITY LECTURERS AS A DETERMINANT OF PERSONAL CHANGES

Akhilgova M. T., Khanova Z. G.                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-6-73-80

Abstract. 

The article presents the analysis of the content and functional characteristics of the crisis in the scientific research environment. Three main groups of psychological crises are identified: age-related, personal, and situational. The features of retirement as a personal development crisis are revealed. The relationship between the university lecturers’ personal characteristics that have undergone changes, designated by them as subjectively significant for retirement, is established.

Keywords

psychological crisis, personal transformations, retirement, retirement age, a lecturer.

С. 73-80

 

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY

  

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PLANNING AND CONDUCTING DEVELOPMENTAL ACTIVITIES WITH PRESCHOOL CHILDREN: HISTORY AND MODERNITY

Trifonova E. V.                                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-6-81-94

Abstract. 

For a long time, the structure of a school lesson was the model of lessons with preschool children, where children were given new information or a method of action, which were then worked out and consolidated. The current standard of preschool education and its methodological support set a different principle of educational work, based on the main provisions of Cultural-Historical Psychology and Activity Theory. The new content should be mastered by students of pedagogical universities, but the usual stereotypical attitudes greatly inhibit the process of appropriating new content. The first article reveals the basic principles of organizing developmental classes with preschoolers, the second article will analyze the difficulties of developing and conducting such classes by students.

Keywords

preschool education, classes in preschool educational institutions, developmental activities with preschool children, activity-based approach in education, Federal State Educational Standard of Preschool Education.

С. 81-94

 

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A TYPOLOGICAL MODEL OF COGNITIVE SKILLS

Aikhel N. V.                                                   DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-6-95-106

Abstract. 

The article points out individual types of cognitive skills, such as practical, communicative, intellectual, reflexive, organizational, and informational. It identifies the logical sequence of these types, based on the objective regularity of their formation and development in a person engaged in the cognitive activity. A typological model of cognitive skills, based on the specified regularity and allowing to identify cognitive skills in students, as well as to perform diagnostics has been designed. The given model can serve as the basis for developing a diagnostic technique of availability of certain types of cognitive skills and the level of their formation in students, as well as for developing the individual trajectories of further development of cognitive skills in each of them.

Keywords

cognitive skills, typology, categorical method “A number of information criteria”.

С. 95-106

 

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STRATEGIES FOR REGULATING THE EMOTIONAL BURNT OUT OF TEACHERS IN INNOVATIVE ACTIVITIES

Dolinskaya L. A., Gorsheneva V. V.                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-6-107-119

Abstract. 

The article discusses the issue of using strategies for regulating emotional burnout in the innovation activity, describes the emotional burnout, reveals the emotional regulation model, and presents the results of studying the emotional burnout of teachers in innovative activities.

Keywords

strategies of personality self-affirmation, innovative activities of teachers, emotions, emotional burnout in innovative activities, strategies of emotional regulation, education.

С. 107-119

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 

    

MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

 

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TRANSFORMATION OF EDUCATIONAL FORMATS: OLD PROBLEMS AND NEW CHALLENGES

Milovanov K. Yu.                                            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-6-120-130

Abstract. 

The article deals with the research of the transformation of educational formats in Russia and in the world. The significance of the cultural and historical potential of the national education is revealed, its role in the modern modernization process is determined. The leading trends in the development of the global educational environment and Russian education are characterized: lifelong learning, introducing digital educational technologies, defining the role of the teacher in the context of changing educational formats, identifying the challenges and risks of digitalization. The pedagogical analysis of the use of gaming teaching technologies, digital communication models, educational platforms, resources and services is presented. The trends of modernization development and digital transformation are characterized, their influence on the state of the national education system is shown.

Keywords:

modernization of education, reforming education, digital transformation of education, distance learning, domestic education.

С. 120-130

 

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SOCIO-TECHNOLOGICAL CHALLENGES AND THEIR IMPACT ON THE SPHERE OF HIGHER EDUCATION

Neborsky E. V., Boguslavsky M. V.,
Ladyzhets N. S. Naumova T. A
.
                       
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-6-131-142

Abstract. 

The digital transition is becoming a factor that triggers the processes of complex and numerous transformations in the sphere of society. The article formulates key socio-technological challenges, including replacement of a person with artificial intelligence; loss of human identity; social distancing, alienation; loss of privacy; increase in mental disorders; growing inequality. The article shows the specificity of the impact of these challenges on the sphere of higher education and universities, offers tools to minimize the potential negative consequences of socio-technological challenges.

Keywords:

digital university, digital era, higher education, universities, socio-technological challenges, digital risks.

С. 131-142

  

 

THEORY OF EDUCATION

 

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THE CONTENT OF THE “TEACHER’S CONCEPTUAL SPHERE” TERM IN SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE

Batkaeva Y. A.                                              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-6-143-156

Abstract. 

The article covers the content of the definition of the conceptual sphere in scientific knowledge to identify the role of the professional conceptual sphere of a teacher in mastering the pedagogical theory and implementing practical activities. Based on the analysis of various scientific disciplines research (cognitive linguistics, psycholinguistics, psychology, linguistic and cultural studies, philosophy, and pedagogy), the structure and invariant features of the concepts and the conceptual sphere are determined. The data received made it possible to determine the features of the pedagogical concept and to define the teacher’s professional conceptual sphere as a mental formation in the teacher’s mind, which is a structured system of subjectively interpreted pedagogical concepts that represent a holistic scientific picture of the process of pedagogical activity organized by him/her and included in the context of their professional life.

Keywords:

concept, teacher’s conceptual sphere, pedagogical knowledge, pedagogical activity, training of teaching staff.

С. 143-156

 

 

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

 

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THE HEURISTIC ASPECT OF HERMENEUTICS: NOTES ON THE METHODOLOGY OF COMENIUS RESEARCH

Marchukova S. M.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-6-157-170

Abstract. 

The article deals with the search for ways to solve the problem of cardinal strengthening of heuristic work with historical sources. In particular, we are talking about the modern understanding of the heuristic aspect of hermeneutic methods in comeniological (Comenius) research. Methodological guidelines of the presented work are, on the one hand, of J. A. Komensky’s thesis about “three stages of reliable knowledge: empirical, epistemic and heuristic” (“Pansophia”), on the other hand – the disclosure in his works of the pedagogical aspect of biblical hermeneutics, which later became the foundation of the hermeneutic trend in philosophy. The combination of these two methodological guidelines in the presented article is intended to reveal the relevance of heuristic work with historical sources on the example of comeniology – a broad interdisciplinary field of knowledge and a fundamental direction of modern historical-pedagogical science.

Keywords:

J. A. Comenius, heuristics, hermeneutics, pietism, Quakers, Ph. J. Spener, A. G. Franke, N. L. Zinzendorf, Herrnhut, F. D. Schleiermacher.

С. 157-170

 

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MOBILIZING CHILDREN: KIEV YOUTH DURING WORLD WAR I

Neumann M.                                              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-6-171-185

Abstract. 

The article discusses the complex interaction between national mobilization during World War I and children. The focus is on children and teenagers living in Kyiv, a border region of the Russian Empire, who were amongst the first children to be affected by the war. The purpose of the study is to examine the ways in which children and adolescents were integrated into the military culture in the city during the general mobilization period and the very nature of their direct participation in this war. The materials of contemporary pedagogical research will be used to reconstruct children’s experiences during that time as well as their emotional response to military culture in the first two years of the war.

Keywords:

World War I, military culture, children and adolescents, military mobilization, patriotism, children’s experience of war.

С. 171-185

 

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DISCIPLINARY PRACTICES IN THE SOVIET SCHOOL CULTURE OF THE SECOND HALF OF THE 20th CENTURY

Churkina N. I.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-6-186-199

Abstract. 

In the modern sociocultural situation, an appeal to the history of the Soviet school seems to be especially relevant, since there has been a tendency in society not always to adequately assess the recent Soviet history. At the same time, in pedagogical research, these topics are not sufficiently studied. The article solves a scientific problem that consists in the implementation of a retrospective study of everyday disciplinary practices in the context of their correspondence / inconsistency with the Soviet school culture of the specified period. The work aims to substantiate the theoretical and methodological foundations of the study of disciplinary practices in the context of the Soviet school culture and their approbation with the use a complex of ego-sources and materials of in-depth interviews with representatives of the post-war generation of schoolchildren. The methodological basis of the research was made of three groups of approaches: culturological, sociocultural approaches, the theory of social constructivism. General scientific methods – analysis, synthesis, descriptions, in-depth interviews – are used as research methods. As the result of the research, the need to study disciplinary practices as the factor of forming and element of school culture has been substantiated. The methodological and theoretical constructions of the study of disciplinary practices in the Soviet school culture of the second half of the twentieth century as an object of the interdisciplinary research are determined. The groups of methods and forms of discipline regulation, which are characteristic of school culture, used in disciplinary practices, are substantiated, periods in the development of the normative base regulating school discipline in the second half of the twentieth century are highlighted.

Keywords:

school culture, the Soviet school, discipline, school discipline, disciplinary practices, cultural practices, education.

С. 186-199

 

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DEVELOPMENT OF THE CULTUROLOGICAL IDEA OF TEACHING A FOREIGN LANGUAGE IN THE DOMESTIC PEDAGOGY OF LATE XIX – EARLY XXI CENTURY

Petrova V. A.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-6-200-211

Abstract. 

The article notes that from the end of the 19th to the beginning of the 20th century social and pedagogical thought pointed to the cultural potential of the “Foreign language” discipline. Reflections of famous teachers and public figures on the relationship between the language and culture, the importance of comprehending the culture of the people of the country of the target language, the general educational significance of studying a foreign language in the context of culture are given. The article states that the successful use of cultural facts in the process of learning a foreign language contributes not only to the students’ mastering the knowledge of the language, but also to their understanding the culture of the country, the life of the people. This is important for the development of the culture of the students’ personality, fostering a culture of peace, the ability to understand a different worldview and a different culture, find compromises in order to establish a mutually beneficial dialogue and fruitful cooperation; it also enriches the personality and contributes to their intellectual and moral development.

Keywords:

culture, a foreign language, culturological idea, social and pedagogical thought, late XIX – early XXI centuries.

С. 200-211

 

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DEVELOPMENT OF LEGAL AND REGULATORY FRAMEWORK OF STANDARDIZATION OF GENERAL EDUCATION IN RUSSIA (2012–2021)

Ovchinnikov A. V.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-6-212-224

Abstract. 

The basic regulatory acts adopted by central state authorities of the Russian Federation and regulating the procedure of development, adoption and enforcement of the Federal State Educational Standards of General Education, starting with the Federal Law On Education in the Russian Federation of 2012 and until the beginning of 2021, are subsequently analyzed in the article. It is demonstrated that the development of standards is first of all a serious norm-setting process, the aim of which is to create legal conditions and guarantees which would actually ensure the complete exercise of rights of each student to obtain high-quality education. It is underlined that the Federal State Educational Standards, being the main organizational and pedagogical document of the country formulating the obligatory requirements in the area of education and training, acts both as a result and surety of social consent regarding the main directions of formation and development of young generations of Russian citizens.

Keywords:

legislation in education, Federal State Educational Standard of Secondary General Education, Federal State Educational Standard of Basic General Education, regulatory acts of standardization of general education, obligatory requirements in general education.

С. 221-224

 

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION

 

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FIRST GRADER ADAPTATION TO SCHOOL EDUCATION AS A CONTEMPORARY RESEARCH AND METHODOLOGICAL ISSUE

Artyukhova I. S.                                            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-6-225-233

Abstract.  

The article shows that the nurtured education prerequisites are the most meaningful criteria determining school readiness and ensuring the successful educational process. Analytical research has been made into the social and psychological specifics of the children born after 2010. Based on the said analysis results, a new research and methodological issue has been formulated: how should the process of modern children adaptation to school be organized and added content to, given their specific psychological development determined by the ongoing social and technological development of society? The causes of difficulties during the adaptation period have been attributed to the insufficient elaboration of various prerequisites for the universal learning skills (ULS). The article contains the perspective recommendations as to how the causes of first grader desadaptation to school education could be prevented.

Keywords:

first grader adaptation, readiness for learning, learning skill prerequisites, causes of difficulties during the adaptation period, the school-goer’s internal position, learning motivation, arbitrariness, conditions of successful adaptation, modern preschoolers.

С. 225-233

 

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INFLUENCE OF INDEPENDENT WORK OF CADETS ON THE PROFESSIONALISM
OF A FUTURE SPECIALIST

Muralev A. A., Chursin A. A., Lunev A. N.       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-6-234-239

Abstract.  

Scientific and methodological materials on the issue of the cadets’ independent work allow us to define it as a form of vocational training that is based on independent work, as a method and type of training, which has organizational and time parameters. The article analyzes scientific research on the organization of independent work of cadets, according to the results of which three directions are distinguished, and each of them has a certain basis. The scientific validity of the competent organization of the independent work allows us to highlight the main directions of its subsequent development, which aims to improve the professionalism of cadets, provided that the organization of educational and military professional activities is expedient.

Keywords:

vocation-related subjects, cadets, professionalism, vocational training, independent work.

С. 234-239

 

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION

 

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USING INTERACTIVE METHODS IN MATHS LESSONS

Hayitov U. H.                                         DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-6-240-247

Abstract.  

This article discusses the use of interactive methods in Mathematics lessons. There is also information about the “Best Assistant Teacher” technology and how to use it in the classroom. Suggestions and comments have been made on the advantages of using this interactive method in Mathematics lessons.

Keywords:

education, Mathematics, an interactive method, the “Best Assistant Teacher” technology.

С. 240-247

 

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SCIENTIFIC WORKSHOP AS AN INNOVATIVE FORM OF STUDENT INVOLVEMENT IN RESEARCH

Lyzhin A. I., Konovalov A. A.                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-6-248-256

Abstract.  

The authors address the issue of involving students in research activities, point to the importance and need for forming the research competence as an integral part of a modern specialist. They suggest considering the format of the «Scientific Workshop» as one of the innovative forms of organizing research work. The etymology of this concept and the experience of the first such event within the walls of the Russian State Vocational Pedagogical University made it possible to deduce its effectiveness and the possibility of further systematic application within the framework of the implementation of the main scientific agenda of the university.

Keywords:

scientific workshop, research competencies, student research work, higher education, training content, specialist, scientific agenda.

С. 248-256

 

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EDUCATIONAL TECHNICAL TEXT: FEATURES OF PERCEPTION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE ADAPTIVE APPROACH TO FORMING FOREIGN LANGUAGE COMPETENCIES

Bogush N. B., Ivanova E. A.                            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-6-257-269

Abstract.  

The article deals with the issues related to the educational technical text, understood as the purpose and means of teaching a foreign language. The focus is put on the study of the peculiarities of perception and understanding of the educational text in the context of the application of an adaptive approach to the development of foreign language competencies. The experiment showed that the considered adaptive technologies of reading the text, as well as the language structures presented in the tasks, significantly contribute to a deeper understanding of the text, develop language guesswork, help to logically build a sequence of thoughts, master grammatical structures, and penetrate deeper into the semantics of words and phrases.

Keywords:

text, scientific and technical speech style, adaptivity, text integrity, text coherence, text-forming features.

С. 257-269

 

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TECHNIQUES FOR EXPANDING THE POTENTIAL VOCABULARY OF STUDENTS
OF TECHNICAL UNIVERSITIES WHEN TEACHING ENGLISH

Frolova T. P.                                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-6-270-278

Abstract.  

The article discusses the ways of expanding the potential vocabulary when teaching a foreign language in a technical university, namely, the use of illustrations as one of the effective methods for expanding the potential vocabulary of students. The article analyzes the issue described in the works of such researchers as V. G. Budykina, P. I. Zinchenko, V. D. Tabanakova, R. R. K. Hartmann, G. James, and others. Based on the analysis of the literature, the author describes the main stages of forming the skill of understanding unexplored words in order to expand the potential vocabulary. The author identifies the general principles on which the method of using illustrations is implemented in order to expand the potential vocabulary of students of technical specialties. According to these principles, a system of exercises that are used to expand the potential vocabulary in the process of learning a foreign language in the first year of the undergraduate course in a non-linguistic university is described in the article.

Keywords:

potential vocabulary, semantics of vocabulary, illustrations.

С. 270-278

 

 

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2021 №5

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 5-2021

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00 

 

ONTOLOGY AND EPISTEMOLOGY

 

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THE CONTRADICTION OF CONTINUITY AND DISCRETENESS AS THE ESSENTIAL DEFINITION OF FRACTALITY

Morozov M. Yu.                                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-5-9-22

Abstract. 

The key idea of the article is to justify fractality as a category of dialectical logic. In this case, logic is understood as a universal ideal form of human activity. In this regard, a distinction is made between two ways of understanding the category: as an active way of relating to the subject and as a sign-term fixed in the language. In order to determine the place and justification of the necessity of fractality in the system of dialectical logic, its connection with the category of totality is considered, in relation to which fractality appears as friend-or-foe. It is shown that totality is a principle of Hegel’s logical system and represents this system from the side of its completeness. There is a comparative analysis of different types of negativeness: formal and dialectical. Fractality is treated as a measure of deformation, discontinuity in the movement of formal negativeness, which in the limit leads to the destruction of the pure form, to the pure negation of truth and meaning. It is shown that the logic of fractality is the logic of transformation, taken from the side of its form. The way to remove the fractal character of development is outlined.

Keywords

dialectics, totality, fractality, continuity, discreteness, logic, pure form, negation, Hegel.

С. 9-22

 

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00

 

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY

  

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PROSOCIAL BEHAVIOR OF OLDER PRESCHOOLERS 

Shvetsova M. N., Suyazova I. K.                               DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-5-23-34

Abstract. 

The article deals with the phenomenon of «prosocial behavior», which is defined as contrasting to antisocial behavior, as a behavior focused on helping another person. A continuum of prosocial behavior is from altruism, involving help without the desire of getting any reward, to neurotic tension, leveled by helping another person. An attempt is made to describe the components of prosocial behavior, which, according to the authors, can be reduced to empathy, determination of orientation – personal or social. Preschool age is the most sensitive from the point of view of development of prosocial behavior as the child actively begins to master social reality. The requirements of the Federal Educational Standard of Preschool Education, in fact, oblige teachers to work on developing children’s prosocial behavior. The article presents the results of a small study conducted on a sample of preschoolers (n = 28). The following methods were used: the “The Nature of manifestations of empathic reactions and behavior in children” technique by A. M. Shchetinina; the “Unfinished sentences” technique by N. V. Kuchtova aimed at studying the peculiarities of manifestations of the child’s helping behavior; methods of studying children’s decentration by A. D. Andreeva who altered J. Piaget’s moral dilemma; and A. D. Andreeva’s test “Motives”. It is shown that by the older preschool age it can be seen that children are aware of the importance of providing assistance, especially in terms of urgency, they are ready to provide it even in difficult conditions, they show altruistic more often than selfish and socio-normative motives, and demonstrate elements of “group pressure”. Children with low level of language knowledge, speech disorders and having recommendations of the comprehensive Commission of experts, showed low level of empathy as a central component for developing the pro-social behavior; which may indicate difficulties in socialization.

Keywords

prosocial behavior, older preschoolers, empathy, altruism, decentration, egoistic orientation of the personality, social orientation of the personality.

С. 23-34

 

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CONTEMPORARY CONCEPTS OF STUDYING SCHOOLCHILDREN’S MOTIVATION
AND SELF-EFFECTIVENESS WITHIN ONLINE FORMATS IMPLEMENTED
IN ADDITIONAL EDUCATION

Kersha Yu. D., Obukhov A. S.                                   DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-5-35-48

Abstract. 

The problem of educational motivation is one of the central ones in pedagogical psychology. Although there is a large number of classical theories of motivation and its role in educational activities, many of its manifestations have specifics in additional education compared to general education and online learning formats compared to traditional formats of the educational situation. With the increasing importance of additional education for achieving high educational results and the development of subjectivity and, at the same time, with active development of online practice formats implemented in additional education, the specifics of motivation and self-efficacy become a significant question within this context. The article presents the analysis of contemporary concepts of studying the motivation and self-effectiveness of schoolchildren within online formats implemented in additional education. Based on this analysis, an experimental study is modeled, it is planned to be implemented on the digital platform «GlobalLab».

Keywords

motivation, self-efficacy, schoolchildren, additional education, online learning formats.

С. 35-48

 

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PSYCHOLOGICAL SERVICE OF A PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITY: SPECIFICS
OF THE INITIAL PRESENTATION AND ITS CHANGES

Kiseleva T. B., Filippov S. P.,
Gorbenko I. A., Katenko S. V.
   
                              
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-5-49-61

Abstract. 

The article examines the help-seeking inquiry of students who referred to the Psychological Service of Moscow Pedagogical State University in 2018–2019. The article considers the classification of the reasons for students’ visits, as well as the specifics of changes in the initial presentation of students in the process of their counseling.

Keywords

the university psychological service, psychological counseling, initial presentation, presentation change.

С. 49-61

 

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PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE PHENOMENON OF “PARENTAL COMPETENCE” 

Prokhorenko E. O.                                        DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-5-62-68

Abstract. 

The article presents an overview of the main theoretical approaches to the consideration of the phenomenon of “parental competence”, as well as the main empirical studies of parenthood. It is shown that a competent parent is a parent who is open to learning. The creation of special educational programs for the development of parental competencies is discussed. And the solution of such an urgent task as improving the educational level of parents’ is understood in studying and clarifying possible prospects for future theoretical and empirical studies of parental competence.

Keywords

parenting, parental competence, parental attitude, parental communication, a modern parent.

С. 62-68

 

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FEATURES OF THE INFLUENCE OF AUTHENTICITY ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF SELF-AWARENESS IN ADOLESCENTS OF DIFFERENT AGES

Galieva M. G.                                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-5-69-79

Abstract. 

The prerequisite for the study is the extensive prolonged work on the analysis of the peculiarities of the implementation of the principles of humane pedagogy when working with parents and children of different age groups in the domestic educational practice. In the structure of this work, a separate study of the phenomenon of authenticity was carried out as a condition for the development of self-awareness at different stages of adolescence. The empirical stage of the research was carried out on the basis of the non-state educational private institution GES “Harmonya” and the educational center “Gornostay”. This article presents the main results of theoretical analysis and empirical research. The study aims to define authenticity as a condition for the development of self-awareness at different stages of adolescence. The theoretical analysis examines the correlation between of the concepts of authenticity and self-awareness in domestic and foreign literature. In the empirical study, the following methods were used: Authenticity Scale (A. Wood), Dembo – Rubinstein Methodology, Interpersonal Relations Diagnostic Method (L. N. Sobchik), “Self-Attitude Research Methodology” (S. R. Panteleev) and “The style of self-regulation of behavior” (V. I. Morosanova). Both as in domestic and in foreign literature, the concept of authenticity is presented mainly from the side of descriptive terminology, while there is a lack of practical content of the concept. The interrelation between authenticity and self-awareness is also clearly visible. Foreign authors state that self-awareness and authenticity both go through active phases of changes during adolescence. It was possible to establish that the severity of self-alienation has a negative significant effect on forming the level of self-esteem in the process of the empirical research. And also, the formation of authenticity has a negative significant impact on the severity of the negative component of self-attitude and a positive impact on the formation of the level of self-regulation of the individual.

Keywords

humane pedagogy, authenticity, self-awareness.

С. 69-79

 

Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 

    

MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

 

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DIGITAL UNIVERSITY: PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS FOR PROVIDING THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS

Neborsky E. V., Boguslavsky M. V.,
Ladyzhets N. S., Naumova T. A.
                              
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-5-80-90

Abstract. 

The article presents the specifics of the psychological and pedagogical conditions for ensuring the educational process of a digital university. These conditions include: feedback; focus on student motivation when teaching; training in pairs or mini groups; alternation of types of activity within one lesson, the use of game and / or simulation (quasi-professional) forms; using illustrations, short videos and other opportunities (websites, social networks, applications) to «revive» the learning process; orientation of the pace of the lesson to the average student; creation of a regulator of behavior in the digital environment by analogy with online games; taking cognitive load into account when using virtual reality technologies; learning using digital technologies and their capabilities; rejection of exclusively «textual» culture.

Keywords:

digital university, digital education, psychological and pedagogical conditions of the educational process, distance learning, digital technologies in education.

С. 80-90

 

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EDUCATION MENTORING – THE DEVELOPMENT FACTOR OF THE REGIONAL EDUCATION SYSTEM

Myasishcheva E. N., Yakhtanigova Zh. M.,
Chuprikova E. V., Lagoda K. S
.
                       
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-5-91-100

Abstract. 

The article deals with the development of a regional model of mentoring in the education system. The authors substantiate the mechanism for determining the teachers who need to be guided by a mentor. The increasing role of teachers in social development is accompanied by increasing demands on their professional competencies and personal qualities. At the same time the issue of successful implementation of personnel policy in the sphere of education is acute. The aging of teaching staff is faster than the influx of young professionals, so the problem of retaining a young teacher in the profession, including competent methodological support, is brought to the fore. The studies confirm the high relevance of mentoring in the professional development of general education teachers. This is due, first of all, to the fact that it covers a fairly wide field of issues that affect the content and methodology of teaching, monitoring and evaluation of the quality of education, implementation of innovative teaching technologies among others. At the same time, the level of importance of the problems to be solved varies within different limits for each teacher, but, on the whole, solving them ensures professional growth of the entire team. The work will be of interest to specialists of municipal education authorities, methodologists of municipal methodological services, managers and teachers, students of education organizations.

Keywords:

educational organizations, mentor, assessment of professional competencies, professional growth, methodological support, data bank.

С. 91-100

  

 

THEORY OF EDUCATION

 

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TRENDS IN MODERN EDUCATION: FROM CHALLENGES TO OPPORTUNITIES

Goncharova V. A.                                              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-5-101-115

Abstract. 

The article highlights the changes that take place in the modern system of Russian education, identifies counteracting trends in its development from the total digitalization of education and its mass standardization and pragmatization to opportunities for maximum creativity and design of the future. On these grounds, the author’s view on some opportunities for the upcoming transformation of education is defined. Such opportunities include the priority of education over vocational training, the renewal of interest in human ontology as the core of the anthropocentric educational paradigm, individualization and interdisciplinary basis of education, a focus on unsupported thinking and the development of subjectivity of participants of the educational process. To illustrate the systematic implementation of these, the author provides the example of the Workshop of Organizational and Activity Technologies housed by Moscow City University.

Keywords:

education, digitalization of education, vocational training, training, individualization, interdisciplinarity, unsupported thinking.

С. 101-115

 

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ACTIVITY APPROACH TO VOCATIONAL TRAINING A PRE-SERVICE TEACHER
IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS OF THE UNIVERSITY

Shevchenko N. N.                                       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-5-116-128

Abstract. 

The article examines the issue associated with the vocational training of teachers in the context of the activity approach, which suggests students’ involving into various activities that contribute to their self-realization in the modern living environment, including their future profession. The relevance of the stated problematic lies in the systematic presentation of the psychological theory of activity, which is the basic ground of the activity approach in education. The article reveals the constituent components of the internal psychological structure of activity. The main mechanisms of activity regulation are considered from the standpoint of domestic and foreign scientists. The results of a diagnostic study to identify the motives of students to carry out professional and pedagogical activities, the degree of expression of their cognitive, professional and leisure interests in various types of activities, which in the system influence the development of the competences of pre-service teachers, are presented. The results of the study on the self-assessment of students’ readiness for future professional activity are analyzed in conjunction with the factors influencing this readiness.

Keywords:

activity, personality-activity, system-activity approaches, activity, needs, values, value orientations, meanings, motives, interests, emotional and mental processes, readiness for activity.

С. 116-128

 

 

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

 

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SCIENTIFIC AND PEDAGOGICAL APPROACHES TO ASSESSING EDUCATIONAL ACHIEVEMENTS IN THE WORKS OF RUSSIAN TEACHERS OF THE LATE 19TH – EARLY 20TH CENTURIES

Peshcherov D. V.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-5-129-138

Abstract. 

The article analyzes the scientific and pedagogical views of Russian educators on the issue of assessing educational achievements in the late 19th – early 20th centuries. Existing in Russia of that time, the system of assessment of students’ knowledge is considered and briefly characterized. The points of view of supporters and opponents of the merit point system for assessing the educational success of students with the identification of positive and negative features of the point assessment are presented. The alternative points of view on the issue of assessing the educational achievements of students’ are analyzed: graphic, mark-free systems and students’ written characteristics. The criteria for assessing the achievements of students, proposed by teachers in the 19th and early 20th centuries are considered. It is revealed that the abolition of grades in the Russian education system has not led to the termination of the discussion on the issue of assessing educational achievements in the pedagogical community. The topic still remains relevant.

Keywords:

control and assessment of educational achievements, point, graphical assessment, written characteristics, assessment criteria, axiology of education and «free education».

С. 129-138

 

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ON THE PROSPECT OF USING THE METHODS OF FORMING “THE NEW MAN” OF THE 1917–1920s IN THE MODERN RUSSIAN SYSTEM OF EDUCATION

Popova A. V.                                              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-5-139-152

Abstract. 

Based on the comparative analysis of the decrees of the Soviet government and strategic documents of the People’s Commissariat of education in 1917–1924 as well as a scientific discussion of various pedagogical schools about the project of the Soviet monopoly of «the new man», the article examines the theory and practice of the genesis of the modernization of the educational process. The content of such modernization was based on the postulates of free education of the Soviet person, based on the principles of labor education, student self-government, and Soviet ideological values in order to «create» a fully developed personality. The conclusion is made about the possibility of using the means and techniques of the pedagogical process of the 1920s in the modern conditions of digital education.

Keywords:

pedagogy, paedology, labor education, educational process, a fully developed personality.

С. 139-152

 

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CHALLENGES OF ORGANIZING TEACHING PRACTICE AT THE UNIVERSITY
(SOVIET PERIOD)

Shvetsova G. N.                                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-5-153-161

Abstract.  

The article examines the history of organizing teaching practice of students – pre-service teachers – in the Soviet period. The article shows the stages of forming the attitude to teaching practice, from denying the necessity of it, which occurred in the 1920s–1930s, to creating a system of teaching practice, with the introduction in the curriculum of work and division into different types of work performed by the student. The author emphasizes the need for scientific justification of the organization of pedagogical practice of students – pre-service teachers.

Keywords:

teaching practice, teacher training.

С. 153-161

 

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION

 

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FORMING LEGAL AWARENESS OF YOUNG PEOPLE IN THE PROCESS
OF EDUCATION

Naletova N. Yu., Kuzmina A. N.                        DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-5-162-169

Abstract.  

The development of the legal awareness of young people is one of the important issues for modern science. The article analyzes the concept of the legal awareness of persons under age. The complexities of this process, as well as the ways of its formation in the process of education and training, are shown. The article reveals the importance of organizing the interaction of educational institutions and state authorities aimed at developing a stable legal awareness in the younger generation.

Keywords:

legal awareness of a young person, legal education, training, legal knowledge, moral and legal socialization, interaction.

С. 162-169

 

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POSITIVE TRANSFER IN TEACHING RUSSIAN TO SERBS

Božović Danilo.                                                 DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-5-170-181

Abstract.  

The article examines some phenomena in the Russian grammar and lexis that the foreign students usually find difficult to master. The difficulties can be easily overcome, even on the very early stages of training, with the help of a specially adapted method that aims at the Serbian students and the use of positive transfer when needed. Such comparative method not only helps Serbs to master Russian, but also Russian students who display interest to study the language and culture of a friendly Slavic country of Serbia.

Keywords:

Slavic languages, association, positive transfer, language transfer, rules of psychology, complex sentences, comparison, similarity.

С. 170-181

 

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION

 

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TEACHING WEB DEVELOPMENT TO IT BACHELORS IN REGIONAL UNIVERSITIES: RELEVANCE, CHALLENGES AND APPROACHES

Karakozov S. D., Khudzhina M. V.                        DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-5-182-195

Abstract.  

The paper studies the current issues on improving the training of IT specialists in the context of digitalization of the economy. It analyzes the modern IT labor market, forecasts regional employers’ demand for professional competencies of university graduates, and therefore demonstrates the relevance of choosing an approach to teaching pre-service IT professionals that is based on the advanced training in modern programming technologies, with web development being at the forefront. The paper considers the available approaches to teaching computer programming in educational organizations that offer IT education to conclude that training should be based on international standards guidelines for IT training with due regard to the requirements of occupational standards, the needs of regional employers, and the particular nature of a given university.

Keywords:

information technology, computer programming, web development, educational standard, occupational standard, international standards.

С. 182-195

 

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FORMING MOTION CULTURE OF A PERSON IN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS
OF A NEW TYPE IN RURAL AREA OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

Snezhitskiy P. V., Grunyushkin O. N.                 DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-5-196-213

Abstract.  

In the last two decades, the problem of the growth of somatic diseases of students against the backgrounds of progressive hypodynamization of school environment has become increasingly important for country population. This requires from country educational institutions more attention to the pedagogical process of forming key competencies that have social significance for a healthy lifestyle of students on the basis of improving their motion activity together with other individuals of the educational environment. The purpose of the article is to broadcast work experience on forming a person’s motion activity as the basis of a healthy lifestyle for the individuals of the educational environment of a country school using the methods of the competence approach based on the results of theoretical and experimental research. The article will be of use for the teaching staff of country educational institutions, scientists and students majoring in education.

Keywords:

Competence approach, motional activity, country school educational environment, students.

С. 196-213

 

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CRITERIA OF ASSESSING THE EFFICIENCY OF PRESENTATION OF THE PROJECT

Bogdanova E. S.                                       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-5-214-224

Abstract.  

The article concerns criteria to assess efficiency of a project presentation that is a final stage of project idea realization. The author singles out the following criteria: content-related, psychological, communicative, verbal, as well as the criterion of the non-verbal and elocution use. The author describes the assessment procedure and provides a list of questions for it, guidelines and a template for practical use of the assessment methodology under discussion. In the article, the notion of trust is considered as a fundamental position towards one’s communication partner and the basis to assess efficiency of a project presentation. The author proves that teaching presentational speech is more effective when students are aware of assessment criteria.

Keywords:

project activities, presentation, presentational speech, assessment criteria for project presentation, communication and verbal skills.

С. 214-224

 

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POSITIONAL SEMINAR AND EXPERT-ANALYTICAL WORK AS FORMS OF ORGANIZING STUDENTS’ WORK IN PRACTICAL CLASSES

Sotnikova M. S.                                         DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-5-225-231

Abstract.  

In this article, the author reveals the value and gives a description of such forms of organizing students’ work in practical classes, as a positional seminar and expert-analytical work. The importance of interactive forms of work in the classroom in the process of developing the professional and pedagogical orientation of the personality of students of a pedagogical university is revealed. The main content, structure and features of organizing a positional seminar and expert-analytical work in the framework of educational activities are presented.

Keywords:

positional seminar, expert-analytical work, pedagogical communication, group differentiation, practical lesson, seminar, student.

С. 225-231

 

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EDUCATIONAL EXPORT: SCIENCE-INTENSIVE PREFERENCE OF THE TRAINING MODULE IN THE CREATIVE DEPARTMENT

Anisimova-Tkalich S. K., Tkalich A. I.               DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-5-232-241

Abstract.  

The educational institution, as an export supplier, is obliged to provide advertising of conditions and innovative offers for the education of foreign students in the master’s degree. Preference, in our opinion, in the creative department can have a science-intensive binary training module as «tradition and ethno-design», «ethno-design and digital media». Features of interaction between the two polar, in terms of time and technological indicators, professional areas of activity, we put forward the dominant study in the master’s degree. The research work of international students related to the science-intensive training module is designed to open new scenarios of semantic, artistic and graphic achievements for comparative analysis. Modern comparative analysis in the concepts of geo-informatics and national markers of tradition and ethno-design on the platform of digital educational resources forms a new vector of research.

Keywords:

science-intensive preference, educational export, training module, applied geo-informatics, non-coplanar research vectors.

С. 232-241

 

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IMPLEMENTATION OF MATHEMATICS INTEGRATION RELATIONS IN PEDAGOGICAL AND MATHEMATICAL EDUCATION BASED ON FOREX MARKET MODELS

Zhmurova I. Y.                                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-5-242-249

Abstract.  

The implementing possibilities of the mathematics and economics integration in the vocational training of a bachelor of pedagogical education are discussed in the article. The applied orientation of the educational process in pedagogical and mathematical education helps to increase the motivation for learning and the integration of the student’s educational activities with their future professional activities. Applications of mathematical cycle disciplines (probability theory, mathematical statistics, mathematical analysis) to the strategies of FOREX market traders are considered as a model for implementing interdisciplinary connections.

Keywords:

FOREX, mathematical analysis, mathematical modeling, market model, learning process, integration relations.

С. 242-249

 

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FEATURES OF STUDYING INTERDISCIPLINARY TOPICS OF SCHOOL COURSES
IN MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTER SCIENCE USING MATHEMATICAL
MODELING METHODS

Kozlov S. V., Bykov A. A.                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-5-250-261

Abstract.  

The article deals with issues related to the study of topics of the interdisciplinary nature of school courses in mathematics and computer science. The authors propose to use the tools of automated information systems to organize the diagnostics of inter-subject knowledge of schoolchildren’s. This is due to the fact that in the context of the analysis of schoolchildren’s educational achievements in only one subject, it is impossible to fully identify the degree of completeness of the knowledge gained. As a didactic line, the problem solving topics with the parameter is selected. The choice is based on the fact that neither of the courses, mathematics or computer science, has a single block of theoretical and practical material on this topic. Subject information is given to school students, as a rule, fragmentary, in a poorly systematized form. At the same time, checking the schoolchildren’s knowledge at the specialized SU exam in mathematics and computer science suggests their mastering these elements at an increased and high level of complexity. In view of this, the authors see the need for interdisciplinary interaction between teachers and students when studying ways to solve problems with parameter. To do this, it is planned to use the modeling capabilities of the «Advanced Tester» software complex, which allows one to create inter-object graph models of educational material. Thus, teachers have a tool for testing knowledge in their subject based on additional information about the nature of mastering the skills of a related topic of another course. This allows one to build group learning trajectories more accurately taking into account individual achievements in each of the subjects. In its turn, this opens up prospects for improving the quality of knowledge received by schoolchildren.

Keywords:

diagnostics, educational process, mathematical modeling, Galois correspondence, information and communication technologies, automated training systems.

С. 250-261

 

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DEVELOPING ATTENTION OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS WITH THE USE
OF THE WUSHU GYMNASTICS DURING PHYSICAL EDUCATION CLASSES

Guan Maosen, Nan Longhan.                         DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-5-262-269

Abstract.  

The article examines the impact of classes with the use of wushu gymnastics on the development of attention of high school students and improving their level of performance during physical education classes. In the course of the experimental study, the level of attention formation in secondary school students is revealed. On the basis of the obtained data, conclusions are drawn about the effectiveness of conducting physical education classes by high school students using the wushu gymnastics techniques. The article aims to study the comparative analysis of the influence of the development of attention in high school students during physical education classes using the wushu gymnastics technique.

Keywords:

wushu, attention, questionnaire, criteria, performance, high school students, stability.

С. 262-269

 

 

YOUNG SCIENTISTS’ VISION

 

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FAMILY AND FAMILY VALUES CONCEPTS ANALYSIS

Selezneva E. A.                                            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-5-270-280

Abstract.  

Transformation of the understanding of the family and family values in our country leads to changing the image of the family which is transmitted to the future generation. The relevance of the study is due to the need of society and the state in the search of modern family values in younger generation. The study problematics is concerned with comparing young generation understanding of family and family values and the scientific research about it. The study aims to analyze in theory the concepts of «family» and «family values». The author analyzes family and family values in different science concerning family: philosophy, sociology, pedagogy and psychology. The author presents the results of 100 respondents aged 18–35 who were surveyed about family and family values. The author repeats the metaphorical experiment by L. B. Schneider in this work. The experiment shows a change in the modern young people image of the family. The most important for young people is emotional security in the family and its dynamics. Based on the theoretical and empirical study, the author defines the modern concept of the family and family values, as well as the current family values in modern young generation.

Keywords:

family, value, family values, family image.

С. 270-280

 

 

Monday, 04 October 2021 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2021 №4

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 4-2021

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00 

 

HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY

 

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THE SEMANTICS OF EDINBURGH “STRONG PROGRAMME” AND ITS WEAK POINTS

Kabanov А. V.                                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-4-9-18

Abstract. 

The article attempts to analyze some crucial semantic aspects in philosophy of language of so-called Edinburgh “strong programme” of sociology of (scientific) knowledge. There has been remodeled and analyzed the connection between theory of meaning (reference) and the school’s main methodological principles: causality, symmetry, impartiality and reflexivity when analyzing the scholarly knowledge. It is shown that the finitist approach to meaning, peculiar to ‘late’ Ludwig Wittgenstein (we mean here his last works “Philosophical Investigations” and “On Certainty”), is also in the core of the Scottish school of thought. The article substantiates that philosophy of language (semantics) of the “strong programme” allows explaining many considerations of the school, that it is finitist semantics, unlike the traditional concepts, allows explaining various aspects of the language mechanisms and acquisition of it and finally the role of social factors in scholarly knowledge. The article also states that the adoption of the finitist semantics (as well as following Wittgenstein) may trigger some certain unfavorable implications.

Keywords

“strong programme”, concept extension, theory of meaning, reference, meaning finitism, descriptivism.

P. 9-18

  

 

ONTOLOGY AND EPISTEMOLOGY

 

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EXCLUSION IN SOCIETY

Sorina G. V., Yarmak Yu. V.                              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-4-19-29

Abstract. 

The article aims, firstly, at providing a philosophical and methodological analysis of features of social exclusion, including political alienation. The second point is to broaden the framework of social-political approaches to the issue of exclusion. The article means to show that alienation in a political sphere proves to be a natural, integral factor of the development of the whole socio-political system despite democratic or liberal form of the political order. The article suggests various approaches to interpreting the concept of “exclusion”. At the same time, the approach, developed by the authors earlier, is contextually important to understand the issue of exclusion. This approach specifies the concept of “exclusion”, which is essential for the given paper.

Keywords

exclusion, political alienation, social exclusion, philosophical- methodological approach, sociological approach, economic perspective, psychological approach, frustration, futility, isolation, self-exclision.

P. 19-29

 


 

PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION

 

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PHILOSOPHICAL ASPECTS OF PR-THINKING DEVELOPMENT AND FEATURES OF TEACHING THE “PUBLIC AFFAIRS” COURSE

Koreneva A. Yu.                                   DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-4-30-42

Abstract. 

This article analyses philosophical foundations of PR-thinking as a kind of vocational thinking. The work distinguishes the term “professional view” from the term “vocational thinking”. The author points out some specific features of PR-thinking, which identify it from other types of vocational thinking. There are examples of exercises that help develop PR-thinking within the educational process.

Keywords

PR-thinking, communication, vocational view, professional thinking, PR teaching.

P. 30-42

 

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ETHICAL TRADITIONS OF DOMESTIC MEDICAL EDUCATION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE HEALTHCARE SYSTEM DIGITALIZATION

Ditkovskaia I. E.                                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-4-43-54

Abstract. 

In the context of the spread of digital technologies in medicine, a number of unprecedented ethical problems arise which necessitate the training of highly qualified specialists with knowledge in the fields of digital and medical ethics. In the process of reforming the modern system of higher medical education, a tendency towards a reduction in humanitarian training and, as a consequence, a loss of educational function is revealed. The situation requires a philosophical understanding of the history of medical ethics, identification and preservation of the moral and ethical traditions of domestic and world medicine and medical education.

Keywords

philosophy of education, medical education, digitalization, medical ethics, digital ethics.

P. 43-54

  

 

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00

 

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY

  

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PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY AND EMOTIONAL BURNOUT OF UNIVERSITY FACULTY (LINGUISTICS STUDENTS OPINION SURVEY RESULTS)

Filyasova Yu. A.                                         DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-4-55-69

Abstract. 

The emotional burnout (EB) arises as the result of a complex of factors and the excessive workload, being among them, deserves special attention. Professional activity of university faculty is multicomponent in its nature, and, except for classroom work, includes courses development, textbooks preparation, getting ready for lectures and seminars, monitoring and control of student autonomous work during the out-of-class time, developing assessment and test materials, conducting research and publication of scientific results, organizing educational events. According to the student opinion survey, EB adversely affects the efficiency of teachers’ work and can lead to their social isolation. The main factor of EB is related to their competence: the necessity to effectively organize in- and out-of-classroom student work, control over assignment completion with the help of various modern methods and technologies, interaction with a large number of students and employing an individual approach to each of them. Communicative and organizational factors are also important. Students believe that the main means for preventing the faculty burnout is their further professional development: enhancing their qualification and improving pedagogical excellence.

Keywords

emotional burnout, professional activities, research, professional development, multitasking.

P. 55-69

 

 

Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 

    

MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

 

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REGIONALIZATION IN CREATING EDUCATIONAL COMPLEXES IN MOSCOW REGION

Boguslavsky M. V., Karmaev A. A.,
Kim S. V.
                                                  
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-4-70-78

Abstract. 

The article examines the process of creating educational complexes in Moscow region and describes the main characteristics of regionalization with respect to the similar experience in Moscow and other regions.

Keywords:

an educational complex, state and public administration, state and private partnership.

P. 70-78

 

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EDTECH MARKET SEGMENTATION IN SITUATION OF GROWING DEMAND
FOR DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION

Obukhov A. S., Tomilina M. V.                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-4-79-91

Abstract. 

The rapid development of educational technologies in the last two decades has affected all levels of education and has largely changed the approaches to learning, as well as its methods and forms. Educators all around the world are using digital technologies, apps and online platforms to find the most effective and productive ways to boost their educational practices. The markets respond appropriately to the increasing demand: the EdTech industry is growing at an extremely high rate, giving the consumer the opportunity to choose and search for the most suitable educational technologies for their purposes. The analysis and systematization of various ways of segmenting the market of educational technologies allowed us to identify the most typical of them. Thus, two types of segmentation provide higher importance for the EdTech market and the agents operating on it, both on the demand side and on the supply side: 1) by end user, 2) by product type. In the course of the study, it was found that EdTech manufacturers do not always seek for strictly sticking to their target audience but are ready to provide several groups of consumers with their products at once, initially adjusting the functionality to the needs and goals of each.

Keywords:

EdTech, educational technologies, selection and use of educational technologies, world experience, EdTech market.

P. 79-91

  

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

 

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P. R. ATUTOV’S CONTRIBUTION TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF UNIVERSAL POLYTECHNIC EDUCATION

Nikolskaya G. N., Zanaev S. Z.                      DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-4-92-106

Abstract. 

The article reveals the main aspects of forming the pedagogical, organizational and scientific activities of the scientist-educator P.R. Atutov, who made a great contribution to the development of the universal polytechnic education in our country in the second half of the 1950s. It is shown that the scientist created an original, branched scientific school of polytechnics, implemented the application of the polytechnic principle in education. The development of the national scientific school of polytechnic education contributed to the success and achievement of our country in advanced positions in the world. The scientific and pedagogical activity of P. R. Atutov, his colleagues and followers made a significant contribution to the comprehensive implementation of polytechnic education.

Keywords:

general polytechnic education, scientific school of polytechnism, polytechnic principle in education.

P. 92-106

 

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CRAFT TRAINING WORKSHOPS AS A POORLY STUDIED TYPE OF PROFESSIONAL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS OF THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE AT THE BEGINNING OF THE XX CENTURY

Ryzhov A. N.                                        DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-4-107-118

Abstract. 

The article discusses the principles of organization and the main activities of craft training workshops, analyzes the content of general and primary vocational education provided in them. The experience and specifics of the organizing the educational process of workshops of various specializations are presented on the example of educational institutions organized in a significant area of the Russian Empire: from the Baltic States to Eastern Siberia. The article reflects some results research on the organization of primary vocational education in Russia at the beginning of the XX century carried out by the author.

Keywords:

History of education, vocational education, Ministry of trade and industry, craft training workshops.

P. 107-118

 

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VALUES-BASED ORIENTATION DEVELOPMENT IN SAFONOVO BOARDING SCHOOL IN THE 1960s: ON THE 100th ANNIVERSARY OF THE FIRST HEADMASTER
A. E. KONDRATENKOV

Kozhemyakina E. A., Dymnikov E. Yu.,
Senchenkov N. P
.                           
                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-4-119-132

Abstract.  

The authors of the article analyze the main methods, forms and means of education aimed to form the values-based orientations in the pupils of Safonovo boarding school in Smolensk region of the 1960s. Much attention is paid to the analysis of the experience of preparing orphans and children left without parental care for further independent life in society. The first headmaster of Safonovo boarding school A. E. Kondratenkov (1921–1992), later corresponding member of the Academy of Pedagogic Sciences of the USSR, Honored Scientist of the RSFSR, Professor at Smolensk Pedagogical Institute, played a key role in the organization of this process.

Keywords:

boarding school, A. E. Kondratenkov, boarders, teaching staff, teaching and educational process, values-based orientations.

P. 119-132

 

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION

 

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STUDENT’S EDUCATIONAL AND PROFESSIONAL INDEPENDENCE COMPONENTS

Golubchikova M. G., Kolomiets O. M.,
Kapalygina I. I., Jukh E. N.,
Arpentieva M. R
.
                                          
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-4-133-146

Abstract.  

The problem of educational and professional independence in the development of modern education is becoming more and more urgent and more dramatic: declarations of freedom, initiative, harmonious and holistic development are often broken by the reality of restrictions, suppression or imitation of independence, one-sided, impoverished education and training of students as “future specialists” that have no other, personal or interpersonal (partner, mentoring) value or purpose, but the value of work and/or career.

Keywords:

educational and professional independence, educational autonomy, competence-based approach, developmental learning, activity approach, search activity, educational motivation, reflection, metacognition, human development.

P. 133-146

 

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THE CREATIVE COMPETENCE OF THE TEACHER-ORGANIZER AS A FACTOR AFFECTING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF EDUCATIONAL WORK

Voitsekhovskaia V. S.                             DOI: 0.31862/2218-8711-2021-4-147-156

Abstract.  

The article focuses on the issue of the creative competence development of the teacher-organizer, a specialist in the field of education. The author considers existing approaches to the definition of the concept of creative competence of a teacher and reviews scientific works on this topic. The concept of creative competence of the teacher-organizer, as a system-forming component of professional competence, is introduced. The activity of the teacher-organizer is characterized from the standpoint of both pedagogical and artistic creativity.

Keywords:

a teacher-organizer, professional competence, educational activities, creative competence, pedagogical creativity.

P. 147-156

 

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THE INFLUENCE OF RADIO AND TV PROGRAMS IN INCREASING THE AESTHETIC CULTURE OF SCHOOL STUDENTS

Asgarzadeh G. A.                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-4-157-163

Abstract.  

Radio and television programs have a strong influence on the aesthetic education of schoolchildren. Young people in the 21st century, unlike their predecessors, are formed through information received from color screens and radio broadcasts. In this light, the close collaboration of teachers and radio and television workers will have a positive impact on the education of the modern younger generation. Television, which is very complex, but also a rich means of education, plays an important role in educating school students, especially in raising their aesthetic culture. It is one of the most important facts of the modern time. Television still has a strong impact on the minds of young preschool children, developing them in a spiritual way, informing them, shaping their attitude to the environment and people. At present, the issue of television programs influencing the aesthetic education and aesthetic culture of school students is relevant, because we are bring up a person for the democratic society, for the future of our statehood.

Keywords:

television, radio, aesthetic culture, upbringing, intelligence, information, pedagogy.

P. 157-163

 
 

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A TUTOR OR/AND AN INDIVIDUAL TEACHER 

Zhukovska A. A.                                DOI: 0.31862/2218-8711-2021-4-164-170

Abstract.  

This article examines some issues of individual training in the Russian education system. The similarities and differences between the concepts of “tutor” and “individual teacher” are considered, which are currently not distinguished by most people at the household level and in the professional teaching environment. The features of the use of these terms are given. The purpose of the work is to search and specify criteria for defining the concepts of “tutor” and “individual teacher” based on explanatory dictionaries, scientific articles and knowledge obtained by the author of the study through personal experience in the field of teaching and on this basis, the differentiation of these two terms. The article also draws the requirements that students usually have for a tutor and an individual teacher. The paper, based on the principle of comparative analysis, provides arguments that clearly indicate the various functions in the education system that a tutor and an individual teacher perform. Examples from the author’s experience of working with foreign students on an individual basis are given both as part of the implementation of the curriculum in higher educational institutions, and when conducting one-to-one classes in a language school. In conclusion, as the result of the conducted research, the presented material is summarized and reasonable conclusions are made.

Keywords:

tutor, individual teacher, teacher, lecturer, Russian as a foreign language.

P. 164-170

 

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FEATURES OF FORMING A FUTURE SPECIALIST’S PERSONALITY IN THE PROCESS OF TEACHING A FOREIGN LANGUAGE AT A POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY 

Kropotkina O. D., Frolova T. P.                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-4-171-178

Abstract.  

The article deals with the features of teaching a foreign language in a polytechnic university in order to form the personality of a future specialist. The purpose of this article is to explore the possibilities of a foreign language for the solution of problems of forming the personality of a future specialist: the first task is the development and shaping of an active life position of a student; the second objective is targeted to the creation and deepening of the students’ professional competence by understanding of significant professional issues in the discussion of foreign language means and ways of their expression; and the third task is the systematic increase of the general culture, the culture of language behavior, and the verbal communication. The paper considers the specific characteristics of a foreign language as an academic discipline, identified in the researches of P. B. Gurvich’s and L. V. Shcherba’s, provides the characteristics of a student as an educational actor, given in the works of following scientists: A. A. Verbitsky, T. A. Platonova, G. P. Ivanova, E. F. Shakirova, E. M. Kharlanova. The article is based on the research results, questionnaires, observations and a survey conducted among first-year undergraduate students of the Polytechnic University who continue studying English.

Keywords:

the specifics of a foreign language, the personality development, an educational actor.

P. 171-178

 

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ON THE NECESSITY OF STUDYING THE ELEMENTS OF STATISTICAL ANALYSIS IN THE PROCESS OF LEARNING IN A LEGAL UNIVERSITY 

Sakulina Ju. V., Penyagina L. V.                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-4-179-185

Abstract.  

The article discusses studying the elements of statistical analysis in the process of training pre-service lawyers. In their practice, lawyers deal not only with specific legal facts, but also with phenomena and processes that require statistical analysis methods. Statistics and law, as independent sciences, are closely related to each other. In the legal industry, to conduct various studies, including legal monitoring, one cannot do without statistical patterns that allow one to draw conclusions about mass processes and phenomena. Modern society requires specialists of all levels of education to have knowledge from many branches of science, including statistics. It is advisable to study the elements of statistical analysis in most of the disciplines taught at a law school, and to consider the possibility of including a section of statistical analysis in the relevant federal state educational standards of higher education.

Keywords:

statistics, jurisprudence, legal statistics, statistical analysis, indicators, patterns, relationships.

P. 179-185

 

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IMPLEMENTATION OF REASONING AS A TYPE OF EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY IN TEXTBOOKS EDITED BY N. M. SHANSKY (GRADES 7–9) 

Borisova K. M.                                       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-4-186-192

Abstract.  

This article substantiates reasoning as a type of educational activity and analyzes what opportunities for implementing reasoning as a type of educational activity are offered by the line of textbooks on the Russian language edited by N. M. Shansky. It also provides the examples of exercises and describes what type of reasoning they represent as a type of text and what mental operations they correspond to.

Keywords:

methods of teaching Russian, reasoning, reasoning training, Russian language textbooks, cognitive approach.

P. 186-192

 

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PEDAGOGICAL BACKGROUND OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF ARTISTIC AND CREATIVE ABILITIES OF STUDENTS OF HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS OF UZBEKISTAN BY MEANS OF FINE ARTS 

Urazimova T. V.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-4-193-204

Abstract.  

The article deals with the pedagogical prerequisites for the development of artistic and creative abilities of students of higher educational institutions of Uzbekistan by means of fine arts. The system of art education involves education and exposure to the methods of art on a humanitarian and cultural basis. That is why its main task is to form and develop a humanitarian and personal culture, which is based on intellectual, aesthetic-artistic and ethical-ideological aspects. Art education, combining intellectual and creative abilities, directly conducts a consistent and fruitful relationship between the fields of education, culture and art. One of the conditions for the modern effective development of society is the manifestation of creativity as the basis for the evolutionary development of artistic and creative abilities of the individual. In this question, the main thing is considered to be the continuity of the process of personality formation, the changing conceptual foundations of the educational process, the conditions of organizational and pedagogical moments, the change in pedagogical technologies. The development of students’ artistic and creative abilities throughout the entire educational process is an integral part of the artistic development of the individual. And here an important role is played by visual art, which contributes to the formation of the subject of the educational process of knowledge and skills in the chosen profession.

Keywords:

art education, art culture, educational process, educational methods, innovative technology, fine art, creative development of the individual.

P. 193-204

 

 

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INTEGRATION OF THE AESTHETIC CYCLE SUBJECTS IN PRIMARY SCHOOL 

Zhuk A. S., Bezborodova L. A.                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-4-205-212

Abstract.  

The article analyzes the possibilities and features of integrating the aesthetic cycle subjects in primary school. The purposes of aesthetic education of primary schoolchildren are considered, examples of work based on the principles of integration of different types of arts and creativity are given. The relevance of the study arises from the high educational potential of the aesthetic cycle subjects in primary school and insufficient attention to these subjects in educational organizations. The authors have identified three leading content lines of aesthetic education in primary school: the development of an aesthetic attitude to the phenomena of the surrounding life and art; enrichment of the emotional world of a younger student; conditioning for creative development, the basic principles of association or interaction of different types of art are also defined – this is the narrative of works of art; the emotional-figurative principle of modeling. The article considers the authors’ definitions of the concepts of «interdisciplinary integration» and «aesthetic development», as well as a complex of leading teaching methods that allow the integration of the aesthetic cycle subjects in primary school: art technology, creative projects.

Keywords:

integration, aesthetic cycle subjects, aesthetic education, aesthetic development, interaction of different arts, younger students.

P. 205-212

 

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RESEARCH OF PREFERRED MUSICAL STYLES AND VALUE ORIENTATIONS
OF THE PERSONALITY IN THE INTERGENERATIONAL PERSPECTIVE 

Kharzhevskaia A. A.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-4-213-223

Abstract.  

The article examines the relationship between preferred musical styles, values-based orientations and generational trends at different ages. Based on the Schwartz method, the research studied the values-based orientation of the groups of people under test who have different tastes in music. The research also considered generational trends without taking into account musical preferences. The experimental study involved 66 people from 20 to 60 years old who were divided into three groups: the first group covered interviewees from 20 to 30 years old, the second group – from 31 to 40 years old, and the third – from 41 to 60. The division into groups according to their musical preferences to compare generational trends was conducted on the basis of a questionnaire of precedent texts. Variety of preferences of people under test were grouped according to their representatives as follows: pop, rock, electro, street, classical; music lovers were singled out separately. The data obtained confirms the existence of relationship between musical preferences and values of the listeners, as well as with their age. Thus, values are strongly associated with generational trends, while musical preferences also turned out to be associated with the value orientations of people under test. The connection between musical preferences and values of different generations deserves further research in order to study and use the results in the educational process.

Keywords:

musical preferences, value orientations, generational trends, intergenerational perspective, age features.

P. 213-223

 

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IMAGE OF A FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHER IN A PRESCHOOL 

Kosheleva E. M.                                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-4-224-230

Abstract.  

The article describes the basic requirements for professional competencies, personal qualities and physical appearance of a preschool teacher. The structure of the individual image of a teacher, its components and requirements for its construction are considered. The article presents the results of a comparative questionnaire study of parents of preschoolers and colleagues to determine the content of the teacher’s image. The findings demonstrate the qualities and characteristics of the image of the «ideal» teacher and help to correctly prioritize when forming a positive image of an English teacher at a preschool educational institution.

Keywords:

English, a teacher’s image, professionalism, personal qualities, love for children, upbringing, preschoolers.

P. 224-230

 

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RESOCIALIZATION OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES AND SENIOR CITIZENS,
RELEASED FROM DETENTION FACILITIES

Kolesov V. I., Silenkov V. I.                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-4-231-238

Abstract.  

The article considers organizational and pedagogical issues of the resocialization of disabled people and senior citizens, who are released from detention facilities. Two major problems are identified that determine the success of corrective activities at the post-penitentiary stage: employment and accommodation. The legal instruments defining the order and procedure for preparing convicted persons with disabilities and senior citizens for independent life at large are being analyzed. The need to establish social protection institutions for ex-convicts to address labour adaptation and housing issues is demonstrated. A description of the legal framework is given on the example of a special group home, as well as the features of its activity is provided. It is stated that the functioning of special group homes for persons with disabilities and senior citizens who are released from detention facilities to resocialize these categories of citizens can be effective only when the pedagogical process is correctly organized. It implies creating a unified correctional and adaptation system, implementation of a specially developed psychological and pedagogical model of the reproduction of self-consciousness and the development of social consciousness of the individual in the facility, and the creation of a competent, modern concept of managing the process of resocialization, and the openness of the institution to the civil society.

Keywords:

disabled people, senior citizens, deinstitutionalized people, post-penitentiary adaptation, resocialization of the convicted, a special group home.

P. 231-238

 

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION

 

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GAME-BASED LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES IN HIGHER EDUCATION 

Makarova N. V.                                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-4-239-249

Abstract

The current trend of gamification in various fields of activity is based on the use of game thinking and game techniques in a non-game context. Game technology techniques are being used more and more widely now, especially in the field of professional training. The purpose of the research is to reveal the essence of game technologies in education, to determine the basic principles of effective organization of game classes in higher education. The analysis of the “game” category and game techniques in training is carried out, some trends in modern society that determine the need for the development of gamе-technologies in higher education are considered. Based on the analysis, the author developed the “7K” model, which reflects the key elements and principles of game interaction. Understanding the features of the subjects of the educational environment, pedagogical conditions and circumstances is the key to improving the teaching methodology through the use of game technologies.

Keywords:

game learning technologies, game, interactive learning methods, modelling, gamification, motivation, higher school.

P. 239-249

 

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COMMUNICATIVE-FUNCTIONAL APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF ANTHROPONYMS WHEN TEACHING RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE
(ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE CORRESPONDENCE OF B. L. PASTERNAK) 

Martynenko Ju. B.                              DOI: 10.10.31862/2218-8711-2021-4-250-262

Abstract

The article examines teaching anthroponyms to overseas students, taking into account the principles of the communicative-functional approach on the example of B. L. Pasternak’s correspondence. The production of letters causes difficulties for foreign students. One of the most common mistakes in writing is associated with students’ misuse of Russian personal names. Acquaintance of foreigners with the functioning of anthroponyms in the private correspondence of writers’ and poets’, analysis of personal names will help to eliminate these difficulties. Consideration of onyms in the communicative-active aspect, the implementation of language and speech tasks form the students’ ability to use writing practically, navigate in a speech situation and successfully implement their pragmatic attitudes. Work on the use of personal names in private correspondence contributes to the development of students’ sense of responsibility for the use of an anthroponym word, brings them to a higher level of proficiency in the epistolary genre and language in general.

Keywords:

communicative and functional approach, personal names, anthroponyms, personal name forms, subjective evaluation suffixes, overseas students.

P. 250-262

 

 

 

Wednesday, 04 August 2021 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2021 №3

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 3-2021

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00 

  

PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

 

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“HOMO ECONOMICUS” VERSUS “EDUCATING A HUMAN”:
EDUCATION MANAGEMENT PROBLEMS

Kozhevnikova M. N.                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-3-9-23

Abstract. 

The article examines the issue of social and personal influence of the modern model of education management mostly on teachers. The analysis made from the standpoint of the Philosophy of Education proceeds from several theses: the need to clarify the anthropological ideas that always lie in the foundations of education; the relationship between social and personal and organizational and managerial elements in the education system; the correlation of the management model with the pedagogical model, and that – with the model of pedagogical education. The topicality of the study is due to the situation in the world and the Russian education, covered by the analysis, showing the conceptual shifts in the education interpretation as well as occurrence of new phenomena that need philosophical comprehension. The research is carried out on the basis of the shared methods of the Humanities, corresponding methods of Philosophical Anthropology, Social Philosophy, Philosophy of Education, Comparative Pedagogy and the review of the Russian and foreign literature. The foreign scientific literature contains a great number of studies on neoliberalism and managerialism integrally (D. Harvey, P. Bourdieu, T. Klikauer, G. Becker, D. Plehwe, Th. Biebricher, J. Peck, W. Brown, C. Crouch, W. Davies, R. Thaler, etc.). There are also works on neoliberalism in connection with education (S. Ball, B. Lingard, F. Rizvi, B. Davies, P. Roberts, S. Shepherd, etc.). The issue, touched upon in the article, however, as the subject for study, in the provided by the author pattern of aspects examined, is original and acute. The given article comprises a general review of the model under discussion – that of the model of “new state management” (NSM) in the context of education management; the analysis of its genesis as the result of establishing a managerial paradigm under the influence of neoliberalism and “economic imperialism” and a set of problems arisen by this; analysis of the idea, compiling the latter, of a human-being as Homo economicus; consideration of a certification problem in the context of the management model under analysis as obliviousness of real aims of certification and assessment of a teacher; comprehension of socio-personal essence of the problems of education management in their influence on the teachers, discover of founding of absolutely different versions of managing the management understanding as control or care, revealing new forms of detachment and deformation of a teacher’s professional identity (professional cynicism, the loss of a pedagogical identity); development of correspondent solutions in respect of education in general, and of the teacher education in particular. By way of conclusion, the findings of the conducted research are given. They provide the main features of the negative socio-personal influence of NGM in education and approaches to solving these problems.

Keywords

educating a human, education management, managerial paradigm, social and personal aspects, teachers.

С. 9-23

     

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00

 

SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY

  

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SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF DEFORMATIONS IN THE SYSTEM
OF RUSSIAN EDUCATION

Valeeva G. V., Tyumaseva Z. I., Khoteeva R. I.,
Vladimirov N. M., Menshikov P. V.,
Arpentieva M. R.
                                              
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-3-24-40

Abstract. 

The aim of the research is the socio-psychological understanding of deformations in the Russian education system. The research method is a socio-psychological analysis of deformations in the Russian education system. The social psychology of education, like no other discipline, allows a systematic (multilevel and multidimensional) look at the problems of Russian education. The training of qualified specialists, competent and active work force has always been a condition for the success of education. However, in modern Russia in this area there are multiple problems, including those associated with a general decline in the quality of vocational and general training, as well as with the problems of deformation of organizational cultures and labor relations in schools, colleges, universities. An important task of education is also the transformation of education management systems (overcoming «managerialism» and corruption) and training of teaching staff against the background of a significant increase in the image of the teaching profession.

Keywords

quality of education, educational crisis, educational technologies, methodological support of education, training of teaching staff, values of education, managerialism, corruption, innovation in education, stress of innovation, foresight of education.

С. 24-40

         


EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY

  

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FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF PROFESSIONAL
SELF-DETERMINATION OF FIRST-YEAR STUDENTS

Korneva E. N.                                              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-3-41-47

Abstract. 

The article deals with the issue of professional self-determination in the context of modern higher education. The wrong choice of basic education gives such a result as a huge amount of time, effort, money spent on education in vain, because a person is unlikely to work in the obtained degree field. The study was carried out on the basis of the following methods: “methodology for studying the self-esteem of the personality by S. A. Budassi” and “Methods for studying the status of professional identity” (A. A. Azbel, A. G. Gretsov); methods of formative assessment “Weekly reports”, “Sections”, “Tests”, “Clusters of concepts”, “Phrase questions”, etc. were used in the work. The samples selection consists of students of the same age group: 60 students aged 17 to 19 years (10 boys, 50 girls), studying in various educational programs – “Practical age Psychology” and “Psychology and Pedagogy of professional education”. The result of the study – formative assessment has a positive impact on the educational activities of students’, their involvement in the learning process and reflection of activities. The article attempts to identify the vector of development of higher education in the context of formative assessment.

Keywords

formative assessment, professional self-determination of students, methods of formative assessment, psychological and pedagogical education, bachelor’s degree, students’ self-evaluation.

С. 41-47

 

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PECULIARITIES OF THE EMOTIONAL-VOLITIONAL SPHERE OF ADOLESCENTS
WITH EATING DISORDERS

Platonova Z. N.                                                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-3-48-54

Abstract. 

The article discusses the problems of adolescents with eating disorders, presents the main results of studying the characteristics of children’s emotional-volitional sphere, describes the results of the correction work. Overweight can lead to self-doubt in children and adolescents, increase the risk of endocrine system diseases, and cause reproductive disorders.

Keywords

motivation, eating behavior, anxiety, emotional-volitional sphere.

С. 48-54

 

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PRESENT HOMO LEGENS: YOUNG ADULTS’ “CIRCLE OF READING”
IN THE CONTEXT OF THE GENERAL FEATURES OF INTELLIGENCE

Sapogova E. E., Bushmina A. A.                            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-3-55-69

Abstract. 

The article summarizes some results of the study of the relationship between the adolescent “circle of reading” and verbal, social and emotional intelligence. The authors’ working-out of the psychological content of the concept of “circle of reading” is presented. The authors define the “Circle of reading” as a set of personally determined reading preferences that determine the individual choice of literary genres, plots and characters, works of those writers the content, writing style and semantics of whose texts correspond to the reader’s own narratives, values and purposes. The “circle of reading” of a person is a sophisticated, multidimensional component of their personal subculture, the development of which is directly influenced by the family, educational environment and culture of society. The authors’ technique “Circle of Reading” is presented. With the help of this technique and with the participation of 50 high school students and freshmen, the presence of significant relationships between verbal intelligence, the systematic reading and the provisional complexity of the content of the selected books has been proved, and the presence of correlations between social intelligence and the preference for specific literary types has been confirmed.

Keywords

“circle of reading”, adolescence, verbal intelligence, social intelligence, emotional intelligence, systematic reading

С. 55-69

     

MEDICAL PSYCHOLOGY

  

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ANXIETY ABOUT ILLNESS OF CHILDREN WITH CHRONIC SOMATIC DISEASES

Ushakova V. R.                                      DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-3-70-80

Abstract.  

The results of a comparative analysis of emotional experiences in relation to the disease of children with gastroenterological and rheumatoid diseases are presented. Experimental methods of psychodiagnostics are used – projective method and conversation. The characteristic beliefs about the disease of children with chronic somatic diseases have been determined. Significant differences in the manifestation of prevailing emotional experiences in children with gastroenterological and rheumatoid diseases were revealed. It was confirmed that children with gastroenterological diseases have predominately the emotions of anger and fear, in contrast to children with rheumatoid diseases, whose dominant emotions are sadness and fear. Children with gastrointestinal diseases are angry about the disease due to food restrictions and pain in the gastrointestinal tract; children with rheumatoid diseases – sadness (dolour) about the disease due to limitation in physical activity and malaise. It is revealed that children feel lonely and receive more attention and care from their mothers when they are sick.

Keywords

chronic somatic diseases, gastroenterological diseases, rheumatoid diseases, emotional distress, maternal attention.

С. 70-80


 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 

    

MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

 

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DIGITAL PEDAGOGY: ON THE ISSUE OF CHANGING THE ROLE OF ACTORS
IN THE PEDAGOGICAL PROCESS

Popova A. V.                                        DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-3-81-93

Abstract. 

In the modern conditions of modernization of the educational process, the role of the teacher is changing; there is a need for a new type of teachers. Based on a comparative analysis of modern scientific literature and the experience of teaching in higher education in the context of the development of digital pedagogy, the author of the article comes to the conclusion that tutoring is becoming a necessary part of the new educational process in higher education institutions. Digital pedagogy is characterized by the openness of the educational environment and the individualization of the educational trajectory. When a student independently chooses proprietary training courses at various universities not only in Russia, but also in foreign countries, with the help of educational technologies and Internet platforms, Lms Moodle courses are particularly popular. At the same time, it is not just the teacher who is of particular importance, but the mentor who helps the student not only to use digital technologies, but also to acquire the necessary communication competences. As the result of the research, the article concludes that in modern conditions, the roles of the main actors of the educational environment of higher education are changing, when the use of distance learning, the development of digital pedagogy, as well as the increase in the share of independent work in the student environment in comparison with the classical (traditional) education system, a special role should be played by a teacher-tutor.

Keywords:

educational environment, e-education, pedagogical process, teacher-tutor, individual educational trajectory, E-Learning, Lms Moodle.

С. 81-93

 

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MOSCOW MODEL OF CREATING EDUCATIONAL COMPLEXES:
ACHIEVEMENTS AND RISKS

Boguslavsky M. V.,
Karmaev A. A., Kim S. V
.
                                
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-3-94-104

Abstract. 

The article examines the process of creating educational complexes in Moscow and describes its main features: methodological, conceptual, procedural, financial and economic, riskological.

Keywords:

educational complex, territorial educational complex, educational cluster, open educational environment, educational landscape of the area.

С. 94-104

 

 

THEORY OF EDUCATION

 

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ART EDUCATION AT THE CONTEMPORARY STAGE:
PROBLEMS OF DIGITALIZATION

Tyutyunova Yu. M.                                        DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-3-105-117

Abstract. 

Traditional art education at the present stage is clearly undergoing transformation. Currently, an active search for means and mechanisms for transferring knowledge from the teacher to students using remote technologies is underway. This article is concerned with the review of currently existing electronic learning systems and virtual platforms that can solve the problem of distance learning for enlarged groups of 54.00.00 specialties “Fine and applied arts” without losing the quality of education, taking into account the full mastery of technologies for performing works in the material. We consider the basic concepts of functioning of distance learning through systems that have different abbreviations, but the essence of which is reduced to General provisions: LMS-Learning Management System – learning management system, DLS – distance learning system. In addition, we analyze existing platforms, social networks and messengers that can eliminate communication difficulties and solve the problem without losing the quality of education. Among them are: Skype, WhatsApp, VK, Zoom, Jitsi Meet, Discord.

Keywords:

Art education, training, methodology, digitalization, online classes, platforms, distance learning, Skype, WhatsApp, VK, Zoom, Jitsi Meet, Discord.

С. 105-117

 

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DEVELOPMENT OF FINANCIAL LITERACY OF YOUTH
IN MODERN RUSSIAN CONDITIONS

Frolova E. V., Matveeva V. D.                    DOI:  10.31862/2218-8711-2021-3-118-129

Abstract. 

The development of financial literacy of young people is one of the most important tasks of public policy. Personal financial knowledge and skills allow making conscious decisions, effectively using financial instruments, products and services in order to ensure financial well-being and financial security. The purpose of the article is to study the level of financial literacy of modern youth, analyze the specifics of their financial behavior, characteristics of the use of financial knowledge and skills in practice. The results of the study show an insufficient level of financial literacy of young people, a lack of a stable orientation towards the practice of saving behavior, and a positive attitude towards borrowing money. The article highlights the problem: an insufficient level of financial skills associated with the use of savings instruments, including banking products. The article concludes that it is necessary to popularize financial knowledge, financial education programs, create electronic resources that provide access to financial information, and use interactive forms of developing financial skills of young people.

Keywords:

financial literacy, youth, financial knowledge and skills, financial education programs.

С. 118-129

 

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PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING IN THE PRACTICE OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN THE USA

Aleynikova K. A.                                       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-3-130-137

Abstract. 

The article describes the problem-based learning method, the essence of which is to engage students into the process of analyzing and solving real-world problem situations. The problem situation, integration of theoretical knowledge and practice, active interaction of students in the learning process are characteristic features of this method. It should be noted that in the practice of modern American higher education today various models for the implementing this method are actively used. This paper highlights the models of organizing the learning process through problem situation analysis and solving.

Keywords:

American education, vocational education, problem-based learning.

С. 130-137

 

 

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

 

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PEDAGOGICAL SYSTEM OF K. I. MAY (1856–1890): DEDICATED
TO THE 200TH ANNIVERSARY

Shevelev A. N.                                                 DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-3-138-149

Abstract. 

The article analyzes backbone elements in the work of the private male gymnasium and non-classical secondary school of K. May, in the time when he was the Principal of this famous pre-revolutionary school in St. Petersburg. Combining biographical data and facts from the history of the school, the author attempts to identify reasons for the school’s popularity among St. Petersburg enlightened society in the second half of the 19th century. The article is addressed to specialists in history of Russian school education.

Keywords:

Karl Ivanovich May, gymnasium and non-classical secondary school of K. May, St. Petersburg school, traditions and innovations in education.

С. 138-149

   

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PIONEER ORGANIZATION IN THE «NEW MAN» UPBRINGING SYSTEM (1920s)

Novikov S. G.                                               DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-3-150-162

Abstract. 

The article argues that in the interests of growing a «new man» in the country in the early 1920s an institutionalized system of upbringing was created, the structural element of which was the pioneer organization. A new identity (“pioneer”) was formed in it, associated with participation in the struggle against the “old world”. The most important means of education was the involvement of a member of the pioneer organization in the practice of «socialist construction».

Keywords:

«new man», pioneer movement, boy scouts, collective identity, subject of modernization.

С. 150-162

 

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MONTESSORI ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

Sumnitelnyi K. E., Prokofyeva E. N.          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-3-163-170

Abstract. 

There are Montessori Elementary schools in many countries of the world. In Russia, the interest to the Montessori method has been lately growing not only for the nursery but also for the elementary schools. This article describes peculiarities of the Montessori Elementary schools in Russia. The authors give a historical overview to the development of Russian Montessori schools from the 1990-s till nowadays, characterize the main educational conditions and teaching aids, which allow to organize a holistic learning process in a classical Montessori Elementary School. The article also covers the question of strong and weak sides of the Elementary Montessori Schools in Russia appearing while adapting the Montessori Method to the Russian educational system.

Keywords:

Montessori, Elementary school, Cosmic Education, mixed-aged class, individualization, elementary school student, prepared environment.

С. 163-170

 

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION

 

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DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL AND LEGAL RESPONSIBILITY IN STUDENTS OF HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

Afanasyev I. V., Kunitsyna S. M.                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-3-171-179

Abstract.  

A rapidly developing economy requires specialists of a new formation with a certain set of labor characteristics: able to competently and independently make rational decisions and implement them in life, be responsible for these decisions, be creative in their duties, and be interested in the economic development of society. The state youth policy is focused on creating conditions for the development of an individual who is harmonious, constantly improving, erudite, competitive, non-indifferent, has a strong moral core, is able to adapt to changing conditions and is receptive to new social and creative ideas, has legal literacy. Therefore, it is no accident that when preparing students of higher educational institutions, the issue of developing their social and legal responsibility is actualized. The article focuses on the component composition of this phenomenon; presents methods for assessing the level of formation of each of the key components of social and legal responsibility; conducts an empirical study of the dynamics of their development, which gave the basis to determine the basic directions of educational activities of the university.

Keywords:

social and legal responsibility, students of higher education institutions, component composition of social and legal responsibility, development of social and legal responsibility.

С. 171-179

   

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READINESS OF TEACHERS AND STUDENTS OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS TO DIGITALIZATION OF EDUCATION

Khovanskaya T. V., Stetsenko N. V.                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-3-180-186

Abstract.  

The article is concerned with an acute issue of digitalization of education. The characteristic features of the digitalization process and its difference from the informatization process are highlighted. The state of the problem is analyzed through the example of subjects of educational activity of Volgograd state Physical Education Academy. Special attention is paid to the study of the teachers’ and students’ readiness to the process of digitalization of education. It is noted that teachers with different basic education realize «digitalization» and concern the organization of the digital educational environment in different ways. The readiness of first-year students for educational activities in the conditions of digitalization of education is determined, as their life in the virtual world is familiar to them and top-performing from the age of 10–15.

Keywords:

digitalization, informatization, lecturer, physical education student, digitalization of education.

С. 180-186

 

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PREPARATION OF PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITY GRADUATES FOR FORMING HEALTH-CREATIVE CULTURE OF STUDENTS

Novikov D. S., Novikova E. I.                       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-3-187-197

Abstract.  

Infectious diseases that challenge humanity, on the one hand, and the interests of growing the subject of post-industrial modernization, on the other hand, make it necessary to prepare graduates of pedagogical universities for forming a program of health-creative activities in students – a health creation culture. A retrospective analysis of the studies in the field of pedagogical health-creative activities for two previous decades leads the authors to the conclusion that the core of this culture is the ideal of health-creative activity, orienting the education system towards the upbringing a person, whose physical health becomes the guarantor of spiritual and moral health, and a «healthy body» becomes a «vessel» for a «healthy mind». In order to turn future teachers into carriers and translators of the health creation culture, pedagogical universities must transform into transitive universities – into a kind of innovative ecosystems, whose subjects (the university itself, collaborated structures – schools, colleges, postgraduate education institutions for teachers, etc., teachers and students) are engaged in the developing, testing and implementing health-creative activity technologies in practice.

Keywords:

health creation culture, university graduate, educational research, readiness for health-creative activity, subject of post-industrial modernization.

С. 187-197

 

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ORGANIZATIONAL AND METHODOLOGICAL SUPPORT OF MUSICAL
AND VISUAL ACTIVITY OF PRESCHOOLERS IN THE CONTEXT
OF THEIR ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION

Komarova T. S., Moskvina A. S.,
Tretyakov A. L
.
                                             
DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-3-198-210

Abstract.  

The article reveals the phenomenon of preschool childhood sensitivity in terms of the musical and visual development of the personality of a preschool child. The types of classes in fine arts in the conditions of a preschool educational organization are highlighted. The specificity of the structure of musical lessons with preschool children is revealed. It has been pedagogically proven that the basis of the integration of musical and visual activities of preschool children is the basis of the ecological development of the personality of a preschool child.

Keywords:

musical and visual activity, environmental education, preschool children, organization and methodology, phenomenon.

С. 198-210

  

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION

 

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DEVELOPING THE COMMUNICATION COMPETENCE OF STUDENTS THROUGH COMMUNICATION IN THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE CLASSES AS A SECOND LANGUAGE

Sokolova G. E.                                                   DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-3-211-217

Abstract

The article discusses the issue of organizing learning to communicate in Russian as a foreign language in the class-setting, which contributes to students acquiring subject language knowledge, developing their communicative competence, learning partner interaction, the ability to maintain a conversation, participate in multi-directional dialogues. Particularly noted is the role of the anthropometric principle, which is very important in the RSL teaching, as the language is an interpretation of the world by man, forming their own linguistic picture, determining their mentality, culture and social behavior. The work analyzes the communication competence of foreign students, which is a generator of knowledge, skills development, and acquirement of the skills necessary to create personal programs of speech behavior, corresponding to goals, areas, tasks and situations of communication.

Keywords:

communicative competence, speech behavior, communication, interaction, dialogue, speech.

С. 211-217

 

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ORGANIZING LABORATORY CLASSES IN THE CONTEXT OF DISTANCE LEARNING

Portnov Yu. A., Malshakova I. L.               DOI: 10.10.31862/2218-8711-2021-3-218-226

Abstract

In the context of distance learning the issue of organizing and conducting laboratory classes in Physics, Chemistry, special subjects in technical universities is quite relevant. The article deals with issues of creating laboratory classes and methodology of conducting them in the conditions of distance learning. The authors analyze difficulties in organizing a distance-learning laboratory workshop in stages and offer the solutions. Special attention is paid to the methodology of conducting the measurement stage in the online laboratory classes. The article describes the model of organizing the measurement part of a laboratory class in Physics, which is called “Measurement of the viscosity index using Stokes’ method”.

Keywords:

distance learning, laboratory classes, measurement, remote access, methodology of conducting a laboratory class, Stakes’ method.

С. 218-226

 

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THE ISSUE OF DEVELOPING A COMPETENCE APPROACH TO TEACHING
THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE IN SCHOOLS WITH THE UZBEK LANGUAGE OF TRAINING

Abdullaeva S. N.                                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2021-3-227-234

Abstract