Wednesday, 09 January 2019 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2018 №6

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 6-2018

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophic Sciences 09.00.00 

 

History of philosophy

 

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PSYCHOLOGICAL INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY STUDY IN THE PROGRAM OF G. I. CHELPANOV

Shelkovnikov Andrey Yu.

Abstract.

The paper deals with the methodical concept of psychological introduction to philosophy study developed by the distinguished philosopher, psychologist and educationalist G. I. Chelpanov (1862–1936). The applicability of such approach in the contemporary education system is substantiated. Closer attention is given to reflection starting from the self-observation practice as an anthropological prerequisite of the theoretical study of philosophy and psychology. The paper may be of interest to the educators and students concerned with liberal education issues.

Keywords:

philosophy, psychology, pedagogics, education, self-observation.

P. 9-13

      

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00
Educational psychology

 

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FEATURES OF REPRESENTATIONS OF THE FUTURE FAMILY OF YOUNG PEOPLE’S WHO GREW UP IN A DYSFUNCTIONAL PARENT FAMILY SETTING

Alekseenko Tatiana V., Enakaeva Elena V.

Abstract.

The article discusses the results of the empirical research on the young people’s social representations of their future family. A comparative analysis of the representations of men’s and women’s who grew up in both a dysfunctional family communication and in the standard parent families. The results are compared with the results of published modern studies on social representations of young people about a family.

Keywords:

social representations, the representation of a future family, young  people’s representation of a family, family emotional communication, dysfunctionality of family communication, microgenesis and sociogenesis of social representations.

P. 14-27

 

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THE MANIFESTATION OF THE EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE COMPONENTS
OF “SELFIE-ADDICTED” UNIVERSITY FEMALE STUDENTS

Scherbakov Andrey V., Vasilyeva Elena N.

Abstract.

This work studied the manifestation of the components of emotional intelligence of female students aged 18–20 who are “selfie-addicted” and those who are not. “Selfie-addiction”, acting as one of the types of dependent behavior, is able to disrupt adaptive personality development. In order to determine the peculiarities of the development of components of emotional intelligence, the technique of N. Hall was used. The results of the study show that in the group of «selfieaddicted» girls the overall indicator of emotional intelligence is significantly lower than that of girls who do not have «selfie-addiction». In addition, the components of emotional intelligence such as «Self-Motivation» and «Managing the Emotions of Others» are significantly lower in the group of «selfieaddicted» female students too.

Keywords:

selfie-addiction, emotional intelligence, adolescence, university female students.

P. 28-34

    

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DESIGN-THINKING TECHNOLOGY AS A MEANS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL SUPPORT DURING THE INTERNSHIP OF STUDENTS MAJORING IN “PEDAGOGICAL EDUCATION”

Galoy Natalia Yu., Gorbenko Irina A.

Abstract. 

This article gives an overview of basic principles of students’ organization of internship and its content for those of them who major in “Pedagogical education”. The design-thinking technology as a means of psychological and pedagogical support for students during their internship is considered. The advantages of this technology are described as it can contribute to developing necessary professional competence for a future career of a teacher.

Keywords:

internship, psychological and pedagogical support during the internship, the design thinking technology.

P. 35-42 

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 
Modernization of education

 

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REQUESTS OF KEY STEAKHOLDERS TO THE REGIONAL UNIVERSITY AS A FACTOR FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF SOCIAL ORDER

Boguslavskiy Mikhail V., Ladyzhets Nataliya S., Neborskiy Egor V., Sannikova Olga V.

Abstract.

The purpose of this article was to analyze the requests of key stakeholders in the region as a factor in the implementation of social order. Udmurt State University was chosen as the object of research as a base for the implementation of a research project with the support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research. The results of the study demonstrate that many of the difficulties and problems faced by this university are also characteristic of other regional universities of the Russian Federation. 

Keywords:

university, higher education, transit university, transitive university, transitive society.

P. 43-54

 

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INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH IN EDUCATION IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC
AND THE BALTIC STATES: VERIFICATION OF HYPOTHESES

Dolgaya Oksana I., Tagunova Irina A., Shaposhnikova Tatjana D.

Abstract.

The aim of the article is to present the interdisciplinary research in education in the Czech Republic and the Baltic States. The analysis of the original source base showed that at present the research projects in the field of education and programs are characterized by their interdisciplinary nature. The research is conducted by teams of scientists – teachers, sociologists, psychologists, etc. Most of the empirical research is carried out, the method of verification of hypotheses in which is the empirical facts (test data, interviews, questionnaires, etc.), processed by appropriate scientific methods.

Keywords:

interdisciplinary research, postnon-classics, empirical research, Czech interdisciplinary studies into education, strategies and methods of verification of the hypothesis of research.

P. 55-64

   

Theory of education

 

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DEVELOPMENT OF PEDAGOGICAL THEORY

Bolshakova Zemfira M., Tulkibayeva Nadezhda N., Goloshumova Galina S.

Abstract.  

Pedagogical theory, being one of the components of pedagogical knowledge, is meant to explain the essence of pedagogical facts, phenomena and processes and their interdependence. At the same time, the meaning of the theory is improved and enriched by means of elaboration of methodological and theoretical foundations and elucidation of development trajectory of the theory itself. The performed analysis of development trajectory  of pedagogical reality enabled the content of pedagogical theory to be included into the general theory of development of science. 

Keywords:

theory, scientific theory, pedagogical theory, development trajectory of pedagogical theory, classification of scientific theories, place of pedagogical theory in it.

P. 65-79

   

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SUPPORT THE CHILD’S INDIVIDUALITY IN THE VARIABLE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

Lykova Irina A., Sinitsina Irina А.

Abstract.

Identification and support of human individuality, understanding of its capabilities and needs, including the need to be a person, is a humanistic ideal of social progress and requires the transformation of the educational environment from the perspective of the educational variability. The article presents a theoretical analysis of the term “support individuality”; the results of study of experience of pre-school and supplementary education teachers’ to support the individuality of children of senior preschool age; it substantiates the system of principles of the variable educational environment and outlines the organizational forms, methods and psycho-pedagogical conditions to ensure the maintenance of individuality in the variable educational environment. With the support of the foreign and domestic research, the authors offer their own vision of a variable educational environment, as well as consider the grounds that determine the variability of the educational environment and the set of psychological and pedagogical conditions necessary and sufficient to support the child’s personality.

Keywords:

goals of education for tomorrow, individuality, support, types of support, variable educational environment, system of principles of variable educational environment, dialogic communication.

P. 80-90

 

History of pedagogy and education
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PROFESSIONAL FORMATION OF SCHOOL-LEAVERS OF MILITARY SECONDARY EDUCATIONAL ESTABLISHMENTS OF ST. PETERSBURG IN THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE

Streltsov Aleksey A.

Abstract.

The article deals with the impact of the initial military education provided by the cadet corps in St. Petersburg before the revolution on their leavers’ career choice. Nearly 500 profiles of St. Petersburg cadet corps leavers’ are analyzed. The author defines a range of spheres in which they could realize their potential on leaving the education institution. The article presents a brief history of cadet corps dating back to the period between the XVIII and the beginning of the XX century, as well as outlines their similar and different features. The period under review is about 160 years, from the reforms of the mid. XVIII century to the year of 1918.

Keywords:

St. Petersburg, vocational training, military education, cadet corps, school-leavers.

P. 91-100

 

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GENESIS OF PUBLIC EDUCATION AND NATIONAL SCHOOL IN THE SAYAN-ALTAI REGION IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XIX – BEGINNING OF THE XX CENTURIES

Sultanbaeva Klavdiya I.

Abstract.

The article presents the formation and development of the national education in the Altai and Yenissei Provinces on the cusp of the XIX–XX centuries. The general pattern of genesis of different primary schools for Siberian indigenous peoples is shown basing on the statistical data; also the historical significance of the missionary educational activity in the Sayan-Altai region is revealed. By way of conclusion the perspective research trends are defined.

Keywords:

national (public) education, ethnic cultural education, Siberian region, indigenous peoples, missionary activity, teaching in the native language.

P. 101-111

 

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THE GENESIS OF THE G. N. VOLKOVS SCIENTIFIC SCHOOL IN YAKUTIA

Koryakina Tatyana G., Afanasyeva Lira I., Larionova Alexandra G.

Abstract.

The article reveals the three periods of formation and development of the scientific school of the founder of ethnopedagogy Gennady Nikandrovich Volkov in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). The peculiarities and key areas of etnopedagogical research of scientists of Yakutia.

Keywords:

ethnopedagogy, Gennady Nikandrovich Volkov, genesis of Yakut ethnopedagogy, ethnic pedagogy, traditions of education.

P. 112-117

 

New research in education
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THE EDUCATIONAL ACTION AND COMPETENCE CORRELATION

Balashova Elena A.

Abstact.

The article analyzes the correlation of the “universal learning activities” and “competence/competency” concepts. Basing on the analysis of the niche occupied by these categories in the main provisions of the systemactivity and competence approaches, and the role of training activities in the formation of a competent person and texts of normative documents, a conclusion has been made about the existence of a system combining the three categories considered.

Keywords:

universal educational activities, competence, competency, Federal state educational standard, basis, approach.

P. 118-123

 

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SUBJECT LEARNING OUTCOMES PLANNING ON THE BASIS OF THE STATE EDUCATIONAL STANDARDS COMPETENCIES

Babikova Nadezhda N.

Abstract.

An approach for planning the subject learning outcomes at the university on the basis of competencies of state education standards, which corresponds to the conception of student-centered learning, is proposed. On the example of Discrete Mathematics the formulations of learning outcomes in the “active verb + object of activity + context” form recommended by the ECTS are considered. The revised Bloom’s taxonomy was used as a tool for formulating and ranking the learning outcomes.

Keywords:

competence, subcompetence, subject learning outcomes, ECTS, studentcentered learning, discrete mathematics, revised Bloom’s taxonomy, educational standards.

P. 124-133

 

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THE POTENTIAL OF SOCIAL AND PROFESSIONAL EXPERTISE AS AN EFFECTIVE MECHANISM FOR ASSESSING THE ACTIVITIES OF EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES OF TEACHERS

Bezborodova Ekaterina V., Shurilova Tatyana B.

Abstract.

This article discusses the possibility of socio-professional expertise as an effective mechanism for assessing the activities of educational institutions and professional activities of educators’ in terms of the introduction of a national system of teaching skills development. The article covers the importance of participation of the public representatives in the management of educational organizations and systems with the purpose of improvement of education quality. The issue of social and professional expertise is expounded in accordance with the current trends in the development of education while implementing modern approaches in the educational policy of Russia.

Keywords:

social and professional expertise, educational organization, effective management mechanisms, professional competence, the national system of teaching skills development, teaching activities, education.

P. 134-141

 

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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE PEDAGOGICAL MODELS OF FORMING THE VALUES SYSTEM OF ADOLESCENTS’ OF DIFFERENT SOCIAL BACKGROUNDS IN THE MODERN SYSTEM OF EDUCATION OF RUSSIA

Fomina Alexandra P.

Abstract.

The article reveals the peculiarities of the formation of the teenage valuesemantic attitudes. It determines the nature, structure and function of the adolescents’ axiological attitudes. It has been stated that the adolescent value orientations are a mental formation, which is a component of the valuesemantic sphere of personality of a teenager and is manifested in the readiness to action and self-expression and is based on the system of values, value orientations and personal meanings of the adolescent. It has been proved that that the structure of value-semantic units involves the following components: cognitive, emotive, and connotative. The functions of value-semantic units are defined as regulatory, adaptive, and expressive.

Keywords:

values, attitudes, orientation, teenagers, semantic sphere, personality.

P. 142-149

 

Innovative technologies in education
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MODERN EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGIES IN THE UNIVERSITY: A SYNTHESIS OF THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL EXPERIENCE

Ostanina Svetlana A., Pticyna Elena V.

Abstract.

This article is devoted to the generalization of theoretical and practical experience in the use of pedagogical technologies in the educational process of “Petrozavodsk State Glazunov Conservatory” during 2014–2017. 43 teachers took part in the study. The subject of the analysis of the article involved scientific works (articles, thesis research) on the topic of educational technologies, which have been accumulated in both scientific theory and practice, including classes in subject disciplines, publications and studies of Petrozavodsk Conservatory professors. Teachers of Petrozavodsk Conservatory for a number of years have actively participated in holding conferences and writing scientific articles that reveal the personal understanding of the learning process in a creative university.

Keywords:

modern educational technologies in the university, educational technologies, educational technologies in a creative college, the system of musical education.

P. 150-158

 

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INNOVATION-INTEGRATIVE MODEL OF PRE-UNIVERSITY EDUCATION IMPLEMENTED IN SECHENOV UNIVERSITY

Biryukova Natalya V., Litvinova Tatyana M., Nesterova Olga V.

Abstract.

The most important trend in the development of the world’s leading universities is the provision of quality continuous training of specialists, from general education, through vocational to postgraduate. Early professionalization (career choice) meets the objective of the university to form a motivated contingent, thereby improving the quality of the work of the university. The article spells out the importance of pre-professional education in the system of the “school–university–clinic” educational continuum, describes the features of preuniversity training and the main trends in the development of this system of continuing education. The authors note the key areas for such development, which make it possible to foresee changes in pre-university education. At the same time, the article provides an understanding of the impossibility of a universal approach to education even within the framework of one direction of the training profile. The authors further denote the need and importance of self-education for the comprehensive and dynamic development of a well-integrated personality, as well as of the realization that the future belongs to science and scientists. The implemented practical experience is represented by an innovation-integrative model of a single educational environment. The model can be applied in other educational organizations in designing an educational process to ensure the continuity and succession of general and vocational education.

Keywords: 

pre-university preparation, continuing education, “school–university” educational environment, early professionalization, diversification of educational space.

P. 159-177

 

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PEDAGOGICAL EFFECT OF SYNERGY IN ENRICHING STUDENTS` CULTURAL AWARENESS

Utekhina Alla N., Troinikova Ekaterina V.

Abstract.

The article deals with the existing in domestic and foreign science guidelines for building intercultural education. A comprehensive study of the transformation of the sociocultural world context using the interdisciplinary status of the synergetic approach becomes relevant. The pedagogical effect of “launch” of synergy for enrichment of cultural awareness of students is described.

Keywords:

didactics of intercultural communication, intercultural education, cultural awareness.

P. 178-184

 

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USE OF A METHOD OF POLYMODEL INTERPRETATION FOR PROVIDING MULTIDISCIPLINARY COMPLEXES OF TUTORIALS WITH MEANS OF MODEL PRESENTATION

Kozhevnikov Dmitriy N.

Abstract.

In article the tendency of creation of multidisciplinary complexes of tutorials is specified; the possibility of use of a method of polymodel interpretation for ensuring model presentation of multidisciplinary complexes of tutorials is considered; the main properties of polymodel interpretation are shown and the conclusion on need of its use for modern educational process is drawn.

Keywords:

complex of tutorials, educational and methodical complex, multidisciplinary complex of tutorials, model presentation, method of polymodel interpretation, “ringside polyhedron” models of atom, “wave-side polyhedron” models of atom, model experiment.

P. 185-192

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ACHIEVEMENT OF META-SUBJECT RESULTS OF PRIMARY EDUCATION
BY DEVELOPING SKILLS OF INFORMATION TRANSMISSION AT THE LESSONS OF COMPUTER STUDIES IN PRIMARY SCHOOL

Pavlov Dmitriy I.

Abstract. 

In the article, the author develops ideas that he has already expressed earlier. The theme is computer studies in primary school and its meta-subject nature. With the support of the leading scientists’ viewpoints the author proposes to work on developing the children’s ability to “receive” and “transmit” information. According to the author this will allow to achieve high meta-subject results of education in the primary school. The author considers in detail the skills of “transmitting” information and their connection with universal educational activities of younger schoolchildren as the subject target learning outcomes. Particular attention is given to making the link between the suggested subject skills and the universal learning activities. It is the link between the processes of the subject skills formation and communicative universal learning activities that determines the metasubject nature of the school computer studies and on the stage of the primary education in particular.

Keywords:

Federal Educational Standard, computer studies, elementary computer studies, computer studies in primary school, methods of teaching computer studies, metasubject results of learning.

P. 193-201 

 

Young scientists' vision
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MODERN TRENDS IN FORMING LEISURE MARKET FOR PRESCHOOL CHILDREN

Shafran Nina M.

Abstract.

The article analyzes socio-cultural environment and defines factors reflecting modern trends that form the leisure market for preschool children. Each factor is viewed fromthe positions of  potentials and risks for the leisure sector. The author unveils necessity of educator’s guidance in the family leisure due to the revealed peculiarities of the leisure market for the preschool children.

Keywords:

leisure, family, preschool children, leisure market, trends, pedagogical guidance of parents, socio-cultural environment.

P. 202-215

 

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INTEGRATION OF THE CASE TECHNOLOGY WITH VISUAL DIDACTIC MEANS
(PHILATELIC MATERIAL) TO FOR THE LEGAL CULTURE IN STUDENTS

Yadryshnikov Konstantin S.

Abstract.

The article generalizes the practical experience of integrating a case technology with philatelic material to form the legal culture in students. The author offers examples of legal orientation cases, their visualization (stamps and blocks) and also he draws the conclusion of the efficiency of this integration and its potential synergetic effect.

Keywords:

stamp, philatelic material, legal culture, right, case technology, legal education, sense of justice, didactic tutorial, visual aid, student.

P. 216-230 

Friday, 09 November 2018 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2018 №5

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 5-2018

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophic Sciences 09.00.00 

 

History of philosophy

 

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THE PHILOSOPHY OF M. BAKHTIN: BETWEEN THE PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION AND RELIGIOUS PHILOSOPHY 

Koraev German T.

Abstract.

The article discusses the question on the religious component of Bakhtin’s philosophy. The author proposes two criteria for determining the religious component: the category of transcendence and the theistic attitude. The article focuses on Bakhtin’s philosophical works “Toward a Philosophy of the Act”, “Author and Hero in Aesthetic Activity” and the report “The Problem of Grounded Peace”. The author analyzes such Bakhtin’s concept as transgredience and Grounded Peace. It is concluded that it’s difficult to determine the status of Bakhtin philosophy, which is between the philosophy of religion and religious philosophy.

Keywords:

philosophy of religion, religious philosophy, Bakhtin’s first philosophy, phenomenological approach, transgredience, theistic attitude.

P. 9-21

  

Logic

 

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LOGICAL CULTURE PHENOMENON – PROBLEM FIELD OF INTER- AND TRANSDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH

Sirotkina Lyudmila S.

Abstract.

The article discusses the research state of logical cultural phenomenon, it considers the approaches to its analysis; the concepts of logical culture as a cultural phenomenon and as a characteristic of thinking are constructed in it, the structure of the corresponding objects is revealed. Logical culture as a cultural phenomenon is considered as a totality of social achievements in the logical field. Logical culture of thinking is characterized as a thinking system attribute, which ensures thinking direction to normative logic results.

Keywords:

logical culture as a cultural phenomenon, logical culture of thinking and speech, the structure of logical culture.

P. 22-36

    

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00
Educational psychology

 

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THE “SYSTEM CHOICE” PROGRAM AS AN INSTRUMENT FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL SELF-DETERMINATION IN ADOLESCENCE AND EARLY ADOLESCENCE

Grishina Irina A., Zhabbarov Timur R., Obukhov Alexey S.

Abstract.

This article is devoted to the description of a set of ideas aimed at developing personal and professional selfdetermination and the skill of conscious choice in adolescence and early adolescence, united in the “System Choice” program of Smart Course’s. The article presents the scientific positions, which became the basis for the creation of the program, and the use of certain practices in it; a detailed description of the program, the logic of its construction and conduct, including the description of the interaction with the client before joining the program and the conditions of entry, the principles of selecting a mentor and describing the mentoring model in the program as a whole; the content of the training and each week of training with a mentor, as well as the features of counselling and parents’ follow-up throughout the program.

Keywords:

personal-professional selfdetermination, conscious choice, the “System Choice” program, mentoring.

P. 37-50

 

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REPRESENTATIONS OF MOSCOW TEACHERS ABOUT THE EMOTIONAL COMPONENT OF THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS: A NEW RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Orlova Kristina M.

Abstract.

The study of the influence of emotions on motivation and academic performance in the learning process are extremely relevant. The data on how a modern teacher sees their role in managing the emotional states of pupils are obtained using the author’s methodology. The relationship between the views of Moscow teachers regarding the influence of emotions on the motivation of pupils and the ideas about the role of the teacher in managing the emotional states of pupils is revealed. The profiles-types of teachers are described in accordance with the self-esteem of the teacher’s ability to recognize the different emotional states of pupils and the teacher’s own emotional openness.

Keywords:

emotions, teacher’s representations, teacher’s role, motivation for learning, ability to recognize emotional states, school education, emotional openness.

P. 51-60

    

Psychology of development, acmeology

 

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AGE PSYCHOLOGY OF DEVELOPMENT OF CADETS OF EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS OF THE MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS OF RUSSIA

Ulyanina Olga A.

Abstract.

The article deals with the students as a social category. The psychological features of the age range of 17–23 years are described. The socio-psychological specifics of training future specialists in departmental educational organizations are determined. The following periods and phases of the age development of cadets and listeners are students out: 1st academic period (1–3 years), includes 3 phases and 2 periods of vocational (4–5 years of study), includes two phases. On the basis of the selected periods, the content of the age-psychological development, the crises in question, the conditions of the social development situation, the leading type of activity, and the new formations of the personality are described. Taking into account the characteristic features of this age in the intellectual, emotional-volitional, motivational spheres of the individual, the importance of the psychological and pedagogical influence on future specialists during the period of study in the educational organization of higher professional education is emphasized.

Keywords:

age psychology, student age, cadets, internal affairs bodies, vocational education, competences.

P. 61-72 

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 
Modernization of education

 

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MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION AND THE CHALLENGES OF THE DIGITAL ECONOMY IN THE XXI CENTURY

Popova Anna V.

Abstract.

The article provides the analysis of the present stage of social development, featuring the formation and development of the information society and the possibility of its transition to the knowledge society. It questions the choice of the path for Russia – either modelling after Western European countries and the USA, creating conditions for the development of the digital society, or the transition to the knowledge society. Basing on the analysis of both, Russian and foreign scientific literature, the article describes the characteristics of generations of people employed in the manufacturing sector. The author comes to the conclusion about the necessity of changing the content of education, based on the specifics of generations X and Z.

Keywords:

liberalism, information society, digital society, knowledge society, education, knowledge, competences.

P. 73-82

 

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TRANSIT AND TRANSITIVE UNIVERSITIES IN A TRANSITIVE SOCIETY: CLARIFYING AND INTERRELATING CONCEPTS

Boguslavskiy Mikhal V., etc.

Abstract.

The article deals with the concepts of the transit and transitive universities, which have both common and different characteristics. In the process of research, the authors come to the conclusion that the format of a transit university is a diagnosis for many regions, however the format of a transitive one is a global challenge to become a resource of innovation for one’s own development and, indeed, teamwork in the region, forming new practices and opportunities on qualitatively new mutually profitable partner bases.

Keywords:

university, higher education, transit university, transitive university, transitive society.

P. 83-98

 

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INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL AND DEMOGRAPHIC AND INTER SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT ON THE FUNCTIONAL LITERACY AND VALUE ORIENTATION OF SCHOOL GRADUATES

Matyushkina Marina D., Belousov Konstantin Y.

Abstract.

The role of social and demographic context, family capital and school in achieving various education results is topical and debatable today. At the same time, special importance amid the introduction of new federal state education standards goes to the issues related to meta-object competences and functional literacy as well as value orientations characterizing personal results of education. The article provides the integrative correlational research of these important results and conditions conducted on the uniform bulk of data and having allowed to draw generalized conclusions. Three generalized factors have been singled out and described: “easy success”, “professionalism” and “self-fulfillment in a family” characterizing the structure of values and goals of today’s graduates, as well as two factors characterizing their tolerance and patriotism. Seven groups of indices potentially connected to the revealed factors, including social and demographic ones, characteristics of schools and teachers, and “mixed” groups (health, leisure and others), have been defined. Reliable correlations between all the considered variables have been singled out, their rank correlation and possible explanation of the obtained values of correlation relationships has been adduced. The both value orientations and functional literacy of school students are considerably affected by the “inter school environment”, namely characteristics of interactions between teachers and students. Abilities of teachers to engage students into their classes, to teach how to apply knowledge in practice, and general atmosphere at school stimulating self-education and communication between students, supporting their psychological health, are the most important factors. The indices under research are connected to the social-demographic status of students’ families to a lesser degree. The role of the family factors is more significant when forming the value orientations, than the functional literacy of school students. 

Keywords:

school education, functional literacy, meta-subject and personal results of education, value orientations of school leavers, factor analysis.

P. 99-113 

  

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MAGNET SCHOOLS RATING PRACTICES

Yashina Mariya N.

Abstract.

This article analyzes various practices of applying federal and regional ratings to assess the quality of education in magnet / high-level schools. The difficulties that arise during the rating process are described. Based on the cluster model used for the educational process assessment, the types of schools that implement magnet / higher-level programs are characterized.

Keywords:

school rankings, magnet school, clustering.

P. 114-122

  

Theory of education

 

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METHODOLOGICAL CULTURE – A REFERENCE POINT FOR A TEACHER’S MULTILEVEL TRAINING AS A RESEARCHER

Stepanova Inga Yu., Adolf Vladimir A.

Abstract. 

Training a teacher as a researcher is a lengthy process that touches all levels of higher education. To ensure its integrity and effectiveness, it is necessary that the designated process acquires a strategic reference point. The authors offer to choose a methodological culture as such a reference point. The choice was made on the basis of the need to update education, create prerequisites of his getting out of the crisis state through an  organic combination of science and practice. On the basis of a reflexive analysis of their own experience in implementing multilevel training in an institution of higher education, an attempt is made to present the most significant and effective moments that contribute to the formation of a teacher in a methodological culture. The article shows how, due to the inclusion of the teacher in the process of scientific and pedagogical search, it is possible to prepare one as a researcher. The steps and conditions for mastering the methodology of the interdisciplinary research in the process of formulating and solving diverse tasks are proved.  

Keywords:

methodological culture, teacher, researcher, multilevel training, interdisciplinary research, scientific and pedagogical search, task.

P. 123-132

   

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THE EDUCATIONAL POTENTIAL OF THE SOCIOCULTURAL ENVIRONMENT IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN

Zatsepina Maria B., Efremenko Lyudmila V., Murzakova Olga G.

Abstract.

This article reflects the problem of conditions and quality of education of preschool children in the modern Russian system of education and upbringing. Researchers cite the requirements of parents of pupils and legal representatives of children to the level of education and the results achieved by children. The educational possibilities of the sociocultural environment and its components for the development of preschool children are considered. In addition, the requirements for the sociocultural environment are highlighted. The aspects of the influence of organizational and pedagogical conditions and the sociocultural environment on the speech and play activity of preschool children in the modern reality are studied.

Keywords:

federal state educational standard on preschool education, educational environment, socio-cultural environment, additional education, gaming, language development of children.

P. 133-140

History of pedagogy and education
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NKVD’S FIRST HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION OF THE LAW-ENFORCEMENT PROFILE: HISTORICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL ASPECT OF CREATING THE INSTITUTE FOR ADMINISTRATIVE DEVELOPMENT

Voloshin Denis V.

Abstract.

The present article for the first time in national historiography reveals organizational and pedagogical peculiarities of foundation of the Institute for administrative development in 1930. Problems which lead to this Institute foundation and its educational goals are analyzed. The author considers the idea, that the foundation of the Institute for administrative  development was actually the foundation of the first higher education institution in the national system of Home Affairs. The author pays special attention to considering the educational requirements on entering the Institute. Summering everything up, the author makes up the conclusion that the foundation of this Institute made up the basis for the further development of the educational net of the national law-enforcement agencies.

Keywords:

higher education, the Institute for administrative development, NKVD, professional training.

P. 141-149

 

New research in education
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THE ROLE OF READING IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF GIFTEDNESS IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBALIZATION AND NATIONAL IDENTITY

Shastina Elena M., etc.

Abstact.

The article explores the cultural potential of reading as a factor in the development of children’s giftedness. The role of the book as a culture-bearer in the process of preserving the ethnic identity is revealed. The authors draw attention to the increasing importance of family reading in the process of becoming a talented person. The questionnaire survey, conducted among respondents – University professors, living in a multiethnic environment in the territories of Armenia and the Republic of Tatarstan, reiterated the importance of the ethnic literature in the development of future teachers. The question of the correspondence between such phenomena as globalization and preservation of the national identity is viewed.

Keywords:

reading, cultural factors, nationalcultural identity, signs of giftedness.

P. 150-156

 

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MANAGEMENT ASPECT IN LIFE COMPETENCIES AS THE BASIS OF THE INTEGRATED PEDAGOGICAL PROCESS

Kolesov Vladimir I., Smolonskaya Anna N., Smolonskiy Sergey I.

Abstract.

In the article the key ideas of the managerial aspect in life competencies as the  basis for an integral pedagogical process on the example of artistic and aesthetic education are outlined. Features of the management model implementation in the educational organization are considered, features and aspects of the aesthetic development of children of younger ages are indicated.

Keywords:

life competencies, competencies, management in education, artistic and aesthetic education, values.

P. 157-161

 

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SCIENTIFIC IDEAS ABOUT THE CONTENT OF SCHOOL SCIENCE EDUCATION AS A KEY COMPONENT OF THE PEDAGOGICAL RESEARCH CONCEPT 

Levshina Svetlana V.

Abstract.

The article deals with the term “scientific ideas” as a component of the key concept of pedagogical research on the content of school science education. This term is often used in educational research papers and publications, but requires specification, since pedagogy has no definition. For this purpose, an appeal is made to philosophy, which considers representations in the context of the theory of cognition. In the course of discussions it is shown that it is necessary to characterize features of scientific representations as a subject of pedagogical research according to specifics of methodology of science of pedagogics. The features that allow to investigate the development of scientific ideas about the content of school science education are highlighted.

Keywords:

content of education, school science education, scientific ideas, pedagogical research, philosophy, research methodology.

P. 162-169

 

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ON THE CONTENT OF THE “COMBINED SCIENCES: SYNERGY” SCIENCE COURSE IN SECONDARY SCHOOL IN ENGLAND

Geddis Elena V.

Abstract.

Urgency of the subject of this article is conditioned by the Education Reform in England. Until recently, the Science has had the goal of creating fundamental scientific knowledge in students in individual subjects (in biology, chemistry, and physics). Today, however, it is aimed to create a holistic picture of the world, interconnection between the natural processes, animal and vegetal life. The changes that have taken place for the purposes of natural science education have led to changes in the content of the Science textbooks on Biology, Chemistry and Physics. If earlier the study of the science content had the subject differentiation, then today an attempt is made to integrate these disciplines in the content of textbooks. The purpose of this topic is to consider new directions in the study of Science, its content, criteria and methods, by means of the example of the “Combined Science: Synergy” textbook, which was included in the school curriculum in England in September 2016.

Keywords:

textbook content, combined science, science literacy, project, school in England.

P. 170-175

 

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THE ISSUE OF MOTIVATING STUDENTS, STUDYING ON A PAID BASIS, TO THE RESEARCH WORK

Kogan Evgenia A.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to analysis of peculiarities of motivation of students, studying on a paid basis, to research activities. The differences between educational and scientific-research work of students’ at a University are considered. Awareness of Moscow aviation institute (national research university) students about the various forms of students’ scientific-research work, the reasons for the reluctance to participate in activities, as well as the conditions under which they would be engaged in research work are identified. Recommendations for improving scientific research work at the University are given.

Keywords:

research work, teaching and research work, motivations in research activities, fee-based tuition, Bachelor’s program, Master’s program.

P. 176-184 

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DEVELOPING THE OPERATIONAL MINDSET OF STUDENTS’ IN THE PROCESS OF STUDYING THE CHINESE LANGUAGE

Orehova Ekaterina S.

Abstract.

The matter of teaching the Chinese language as a second foreign language from the point of modern education standards is considered in this article. One can find here the information about the hypothesis of the possible implementation of the second foreign language as a special educational environment which is appropriate for a full development of a student’s personality, the development of the operational mindset, in particular. On the current level of the Chinese language development as a school subject such fundamental concepts as “sign”, “model”, “algorithm”, and “system” might be its subject areas to look at explicitly. According to the offered model of studying, each of the mentioned general scientific notions are used as basic to understand and train the learning material on the certain level of studying Chinese. It helps to shape not only understanding of the subject being, learnt as  a special system, but also active including of the scientific language, wildly used in other school subjects, into the learning process. In its turn, the operational mindset, rising in the process of studying a certain subject, does not exist only in this very process; soon it covers all the activities of a student. It can be noticed in his personal and meta-subject skills. Thereby students get a skill to observe all subjects and phenomena of the environment as a system in their development and relationship.

Keywords:

the Chinese language, operational mindset, sign, model, algorithm, system, a meta-subjects skill.

P. 185-192

 

Innovative technologies in education
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DEVELOPMENT OF MODEL OF IMPROVEMENT OF PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF CADETS OF FEDERAL NATIONAL GUARD

Aleksandrova Ekaterina A., Kozlov Oleg A.

Abstract.

Wide introduction of information technologies in educational process of military higher education institutions, in our opinion, demands the correct organization of their use on all route of the professional training of future officers. This is possible within the framework of a balanced model, considering the specifics of the military education system, built on the normative and legal and methodological basis, integrating in its functional and meaningful space a set of measures aimed at improving the process of training future specialists and forming their professional readiness as the main result of education.

Keywords:

professional training, information technologies, Federal National Guard (FNGTS), pedagogical modeling.

P. 193-201

 

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ORGANIZATION OF EDUCATIONAL MATHEMATICAL ACTIVITY AT THE INITIAL STAGE OF TRAINING TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

Gamzatova Aisha G., Shamaylo Olga N.

Abstract.

The article substantiates the importance of the training start-up phase for the further period of study in a technical University. In the process of teaching mathematics, it is important to strengthen the focus on the formation of the student’s personality, instilling new features of the researcher in them, developing the experience of self-learning. The article presents the approaches to the organization of educational activities of students in accordance with the theory of P. Ya. Galperin’s, which involve the gradual forming mental actions in modification relating to the teaching of mathematics. 

Keywords: 

a technical University, mathematics, education, the start-up phase, informative analysis, training activities organization.

P. 202-208

 

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THE MODEL OF FORMING THE SOCIAL COMPETENCE IN FUTURE PROGRAMMERS THROUGH COLLABORATIVE E-LEARNING

Gorokhovsky Nadezhda A., Ruliene Lubov N.

Abstract.

The authors analyze the problems of humanization of education in the context of modern digital society. The article proposes a model of forming the social competence through the collaborative e-learning, based on the Agile methodology and Scrum technology.

Keywords:

social competence, collaborative e-learning, Agile, Scrum technology.

P. 209-217

 

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THE ORGANIZATIONAL POTENTIAL OF THE EDUCATIONAL STANDARDS IN ELABORATION OF GENERAL TECHNICAL DISCIPLINES LABORATORY WORKSHOP

Bukalova Galina V., Savin Leonid A.

Abstract.

The purposefulness is the main feature of the engineering education. In accordance with the state educational standards’ requirements, obtaining a set of competences is the final purpose of  the educational process. In the context of standardization of education the competences acquire the status of the educational standards that are essential to be obtained. Innovation strategy is a necessary condition of the company’s effective development because of the intense competition in the modern technical sphere. Scientific-technical activity is a base of the innovative engineering performance. Thus, the pedagogical problem of preparing students for the professional scientific-technical activity became more important and actual. Our consideration of the engineering activity types allows us to allocate elements of the scientific-technical activity in it, which can help to compare the elements of the professional innovative performance and the students training activity during the laboratory workshop.

Keywords:

engineering education, educational standards, training to the innovation activities, professional competence, the types of engineering work, laboratory workshop.

P. 218-231 

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ELECTRONIC TEST TO DETERMINE THE COMPONENTS OF COGNITIVE ACTIVITY OF STUDENTS IN COMPUTER SCIENCE LESSONS

Denisov Dmitriy P., Ogrizkov Vladimir E.

Abstract.

The development of information systems and communications suggest an active search for new forms of dialogue between students and teachers. A children’s rage for games and primitive communication acts in the Internet environment significantly interfere with the correct, adequate idea of the potential of modern personal devices, the solution of educational, scientific and applied problems. One should note that the share of those, who have experienced the devastating impact of the advertising and gaming industry of the Internet, is increasing in the whole amount of students.  The present work offers the teachers the e-test that covers specifics of the mobile technology, the emotional state associated with it, and formats of the data to which learners are addressing on the Internet portals, as well as the communicative activity in the virtual society. In our opinion, the questionnaire for taking into account the components of cognitive activity of students is an effective tool for dialogue, in which students and teachers will find common themes, interests, useful information for teamwork, rules of a safe behavior in a multidimensional space of the network interactions.

Keywords:

test, questionnaire, dialogue, computer, education, algorithm, ASMR trigger, diagram, virtual.

P. 232-241

 

 

Young scientists' vision
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INTERDISCIPLINARITY IN THE RESEARCH OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION: INTERACTION OF SCIENCES OF VARIOUS COUNTRIES

Sheveleva Daria E.

Abstract.

The article substantiates an interdisciplinary approach to research. The phenomenon of “inclusive education” is analyzed from the position of sociology, psychology, pedagogy; theories of Russian and foreign scientists’ are presented.

Keywords:

interdisciplinary approach, inclusive education, children with health limitations, integration in mainstream school, organization of education.

P. 242-251

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METHODS OF TEACHING PAINTING IN THE PRIMITIVE SOCIETY

Katukhina Anna V.

Abstract.

The article shows the possibilities of methods of teaching painting in a primitive society, the methods of applying historical methods in modern pedagogy, the theoretical and practical aspects of solving compositional problems. The author of the article considers examples of children’s works from the point of view of development of compositional skills and correlates the children’s drawings with examples of primitive art, reveals similar pictorial techniques.

Keywords:

composition, composition problems, educational and creative problems, teaching, ways of teaching, pedagogy of art.

P. 252-260

 

Friday, 14 September 2018 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2018 №4

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 4-2018

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophic Sciences 09.00.00 
Philosophy of science and technology 
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THE DIGITAL REVOLUTION MYTH (ON THE ISSUE OF THE SOCIETY’S SELF-DETERMINATION FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF FUTURE)

Ivannikov Sergey I.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the problem of self-determination of the society in the era of postmodernism, the perception of modernity as a transitional period and the formation of the image of the future, which influences the development strategy of society today. The article criticizes the concept of the «digital revolution». Analysis of the changes taking place in the society allows us to conclude that the development of modern technologies is a continuation of the scientific and technological revolution of the mid-twentieth century, but not the beginning of a fundamentally new phase of the technological development.

Keywords:

scientific and technological revolution, digital revolution, science, technology, futurology, ideology, mythology.

P. 9-21

 

 

History of philosophy

 

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J. A. KOMENSKY’S “PHYSICS”: A BLIND-SPOT IN THE MODERN COMENIOLOGY

Marchukova Svetlana M.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the study of Komensky’s textbook “Physics” in the context of the philosophy of doubt and hope, developed in the works of V.-J. Dieterich and A. Lischewsky’s that defined one of the directions of the methodology of modern comenological research. Called to overcome the traditional perception of Komensky exclusively as a didactician, this methodology promotes the identification of trinity and multidimensionality – the basic principles of the idea of pansophy – in the content and structure of “Physics”. In the context of the metaphysical tradition of parallel reading of the textbook and the Holy Scripture, the author analyzes the development of the method that allows to build  on a common foundation the order of cognition of things in the material and spiritual world, to unite knowledge about God, nature and man into an integrated system. “Physics” is not considered in the traditional historical and scientific context, but in the historical and pedagogical aspect. The article uses the heuristic method of working with the historical and pedagogical source, based on the methodology of Komensky himself, according to which the “heuristic” level to pansophic wisdom is the “crown of knowledge”. Accordingly, the article outlines some areas of actual comeniological research in the context of the philosophy of doubt and hope. 

Keywords:

Jan Amos Komensky, “Physics”, A. Lishevsky, philosophy of doubt and hope, pansophy, methodology, trinity, multidimensionality, integrity.

P. 22-36 

 

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PEDAGOGICAL RESOURCE OF PHILOSOPHY OF IVAN ILYIN
(TO THE 135TH BIRTH ANNIVERSARY OF THE RUSSIAN PHILOSOPHER)

Deryuga Vardan E.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the axiological foundations of education, about which Ivan Ilyin writes in his philosophical works. The article reveals the concept of the spiritual in upbringing, as well as the axiology of the fundamental values, without which modern pedagogy is impossible.

Keywords:

upbringing, education, spirituality, values, Human, Personality, creativity, freedom, faith, sense of justice, fairness, conscience, love, truth.

P. 37-44

    

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00
Educational psychology

 

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THE DEVELOPMENT OF VALUE-SEMANTIC COMPONENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL CULTURE OF SENIOR PUPILS

Kondratyeva Natalia P., Dementieva Maria S.

Abstract.

Modern education is directed not only at teaching, education, but also at forming the learner’s personality. Therefore, the problem of research of psychological culture of younger generation is becoming more acute. The article substantiates the significance of the development of value-semantic component of psychological culture of senior pupils. The results of the study of this component of psychological culture in senior pupils and the data of changes caused by approbation of the training are described.

Keywords:

psychological culture, valuesemantic component of psychological culture, training program, meaningful orientations, terminal values, instrumental values, senior pupils.

P. 45-56

 

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EXPERIENCE OF LONELINESS IN THE ELDERLY AGE: PSYCHOLOGICAL FEATURES AND SOCIAL FACTORS

Umanskaya Elena G., Musaeva Faridat H.

Abstract.

The article considers the phenomenon of loneliness as experience in the period of the elderly age. The authors attempted to highlight the psychological features of the experience of loneliness in the elderly age, depending on various social factors.

Keywords:

loneliness, experience, elderly age, adaptation, life-meaning orientations, selfattitude.

P. 57-61

  

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PERSONALITY AND CHARACTER FEATURES OF SMOKERS IN ADOLESCENCE

Kobzev Evgeniy A., Kuzminov Nikolay N.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to personal character features of young people who smoke tobacco. The indicators of evaluation, strength, activity, as well as manifestations of the character of the respondents who use and do not use nicotine have been studied. On the basis of the empirical material, it was established that male tobacco smokers are significantly more “hooligans”, “explosive”, anxious, unsociable than non-smoking respondents. Female smokers have a low selfesteem and are dependent on the opinions of others. Female respondents, who are addicted to smoking, show high social activity, consider themselves cheerful, careless and impulsive. 

Keywords:

a smoker personality, smoking, a smoker character, addiction, self-esteem, social activity.

P. 62-68

 

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THE STUDY OF THE PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSONALITY TRAITS TRANSMISSION BY MEANS OF THE PORTRAIT GRAPHICS

Volkov Dmitriy V.

Abstract.

The article considers the features of personal qualities of a portrayed person. These features are used to study the personality of those who are portrayed; they also affect the determination of social properties. By analyzing the character, the author chooses an acceptable solution for a portrait image which reflects emotions. One of the important features of the study is to examine figurative and expressive means of the portrait graphic arts. They include patterns of using different tones in choosing the image of a psychological portrait which transmits the character traits and temperament of a portrayed person. We analyze the influence of social groups on the personality of a portrayed person, his/her character type, we consider the examples of using literary techniques for assessing the temperament, facial expression and communication style. We defined the significance of the social activity and marital status in the framework of determining the details of creating a psychological portrait. The article contains key examples of tasks, allowing one to focus on the process of creating a psychological image in a graphic portrait.

Keywords:

combination character features, social groups, social and psychological portrait, temperament, figurative and expressive means, notebook-diary of an artist.

P. 69-83 

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 

Modernization of education

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RUSSIAN UNIVERSITIES ON THE WAY TO INSTITUTIONAL DIVERSITY:
THE STRATEGY FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF A REGIONAL FLAGSHIP UNIVERSITY

Gavrikov Anatoly L., Pevsner Mikhail N., Petryakov Petr A.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the problem of expanding the institutional  diversity of universities in various countries around the world in the era of globalization. The management of diversity is seen as an important strategy for the development of Russian universities. The authors disclose the various factors of globalization influence on the cultural and institutional diversity in the system of higher education: the influx of new intellectual forces (brain gain), the growth of the need for programs and modules in different languages, the strengthening of competition between universities, their struggle for the right to be the leading universities of the country. The authors note that decrease in the number of applicants due to the demographic situation helps transform Russian universities into multicultural pluralistic organizations that attract different target groups of students (persons with disabilities, ethnic minorities, international students, etc.). Institutional diversity is promoted by the formation of various groups of leading universities in Russia: universities with special status, federal, national research universities, etc. The article pays particular attention to a new group of leading universities – regional flagship universities whose main task is to promote the effective development of regions by creatingtheir own innovative and entrepreneurial ecosystems. The article describes in detail the interaction of Novgorod region and Novgorod State University, which was included in the group of Russian regional flagship universities. 

Keywords:

institutional diversity, multicultural pluralistic organizations, leading universities, innovative and entrepreneurial ecosystems, diversity management.

P. 84-101

 

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PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN THE ACTIVITIES OF EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS:
PARENTS’ AND SCHOOL HEADS’ ASSESSMENT

Vachkov Igor V., Vachkova Svetlana N.

Abstract.

The article presents the results of the study held in 74 regions of the Russian Federation, the purpose of which was to study the assessment of the heads of educational institutions and parents (legal representatives) of the degree of public participation in the activities of educational institutions. The sample consisted of 2,471 heads of the educational organization and 4,565 parents. It turned out that there are statistically significant differences in three main parameters - the frequency of appeals to parents by the educational organization on certain issues, the accounting of their opinions in the activities of the educational organization and satisfaction with the methods of education and upbringing in the educational organization. Parents assess the extent of their participation in the activities of educational institutions more critically than the heads of the schools and demonstrate the readiness to be involved. Heads of the schools consider the measure of parents’ participation sufficient, not trusting the level of their competence in the educational process. 

Keywords:

assessment, public participation, heads of educational institutions, parents, the activities of educational institutions.

P. 102-112

 

Theory of education

 

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THE PROBLEM OF UPDATING THE CONTENT OF HIGHER EDUCATION
IN THE ANTHROPOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE

Leskova Inna A.

Abstract.

The article considers a number of factors that hinder the solution of the problem of updating the content of higher education. The main attention is paid to the consideration of this problem in its relationship with the humanitarian-anthropological dimension of education, which directly depends on the anthropological format of the person asked by the state. However, at the present moment this format is distinguished by value uncertainty, since the modern socio-cultural reality is determined by value different and at the same time coexisting anthropological models of man («manipulative man», «man of culture»). This is due to the uncertainty of the anthropological dimension of modern education, which is considered in the article as a factor hindering the solution of the problem of updating the content of higher education. It is shown that the actual and projected qualitative characteristics of the content of education are determined by the simultaneous action of two models  of educational relations – market-oriented and human-sized. The article gives a brief description of the model of subject-centered content of higher education, the construction of which requires the subject’s position of the student and cannot be adequately learned otherwise. This allows it to act as a factor in solving the problem of renewing the content of higher education, to promote the formation of a human dimension model of educational relations and the emergence of a higher school from the state of crisis. 

Keywords:

anthropological dimension of education, content of higher education, human dimension, model of educational relations, subject-orientation.

P. 113-124

 

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ACCESSION OF HUMAN CAPITAL ASSETS BY MEANS OF THE PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE OF THE LECTURER

Blohin Alexander L.

Abstract.

The article views the questions of the professional competence of a university teacher and the currency of the professional competence of the universities’ academic staff in the continuous improvement of the system of quality assurance of education while orientating towards the standards and recommendations of the European Association for quality assurance in higher education (ENQA).

Keywords:

human capital assets, competence, competence approach, training, teacher.

P. 125-130 

 

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MODERN APPROACHES TO THE PRACTICE OF PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL
SELF-DETERMINATION IN RUSSIA

Grishina Irina A.

Abstract.

This article is devoted to the study of modern approaches to the practice of personal and professional self-determination in Russia. As the main approaches to the practice of personal and professional self-determination, the most common now in Russia, the author singled out the project approach, research activities, both implemented in the framework of major educational projects created with the cooperation of state corporations and educational institutions, and within the framework of individual educational institutions. In addition, among the practices, the article presents the approach to develop certain skills, such as the skill of conscious choice, reflection, goal-setting, and immersion in various professional fields by means of visiting excursions and career-oriented camps. 

Keywords:

personal and professional selfdetermination, project approach, research activity, conscious choice, reflection.

P. 131-142 

   

New research in education
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ON THE ISSUE OF THE ESSENCE OF THE PUPILS’ EDUCATIONAL INDEPENDENCE AND LEVELS OF ITS DEVELOPMENT

Kosikova Svetlana V.

Abstact.

In the article the question of the essence of educational independence is considered. The interpretations of its understanding by various researchers are given, and the author’s definition is made. The level classification of the stages of the development of the student’s self-reliance in learning activity is analyzed, and the author’s classification is proposed, which includes the negative, initial, medium and sufficient stages.

Keywords:

educational independence, cognitive interest, training activities, goal-setting ability, self-control, self-esteem.

P. 143-150

 

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MODEL OF PEDAGOGICAL SUPPORT FOR STUDENTS’ VOLUNTEER ACTIVITY

Averkina Irina L., Avchinnikova Svetlana O.

Abstract.

The article presents a structural and content model of the pedagogical support of students’ volunteer activity in a university as part of the conceptual and purposeful, subjective and functional, substantive and procedural, instrumental and methodological, criterial and productive components. Development of students’ volunteer activity in the interests of the individual and society requires scientifically based pedagogical participation. In the description of the model, theoretical grounds (systemic, axiological, activity, subjective and environment approaches), target guidelines, the principles of pedagogical support (strengthening of altruistic motivation, subjectivity and self-actualization,  empathy, cooperation and ethical responsibility, complexity, continuity and continuity) are disclosed; the main participants of pedagogical support are defined: volunteer, volunteer group, voluntary programs coordinator, teacher and tutor, psychologist and supervisor and their roles; the functions of pedagogical support (diagnostic, motivation orienting, prognostic and planning, educational, advisory, facilitation, normative and analytical) are designated. Characteristics of the main components of personal and professional readiness of the volunteer are given: value and motivational, praxeological, mobilization and reflexive, as well as the stages of its forming: orienting and adaptive, subjective and activity, actualization and leadership. The most suitable for each stage forms and methods of pedagogical support are systematized, including traditional and innovative forms of pedagogical process organization and modern trends in personnel management. Social project activity is determined as the main method of pedagogical support of volunteering. Criteria for the effectiveness of pedagogical support are based on two levels – personal (motivational, competence, regulatory) and group organizational (scale of volunteer activity, quality and intensity, methodological support of the volunteer activity, popularity of the voluntary activity), indicators are given for each criterion. The presented model captures the most significant aspects of the maintenance process, allows it to be reproduced in mass practice, and in this connection acts as an effective means of improving educational work in the university. 

Keywords:

volunteering, volunteer activity of youth, higher education institution, support, model, principles, subjects, functions, stages, criteria.

P. 151-164

 

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PLANNING EDUCATIONAL AND RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES BASED ON URGENT MONITORING OF THE FUNCTIONAL STATUS OF SCHOOLCHILDREN IN CHILDREN’S CAMPS (Evidence from the ICC “Artek”) 

 

Golubev Denis V., Shсhedrina Julia A., Demchenko Dmitry I.

Abstract.

Planning of the children’s camp is the most important component of both, recreational and educational, processes. Having a high stress on the functional state of different body systems or of the body in whole reduces the programs effect. Fixing quantitative physiological indicators that characterize the functional state of the examinees’ bodies with the help of the latest technologies will allow one to duly correlate the children’s motor activity with the educational activity optimizing the camp’s plan of actions.

Keywords:

children’s camp, planning, functional state of the body, health, education.

P. 165-171

 

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EDUCATIONAL MEANING OF FAMILY HOLIDAYS

Oparina Nina A., Levina Irina D., Kaitanjyan Maria G.

Abstract.

In the article the social essence of such cultural phenomenon of the mankind as a holiday and its educational value in forming the personality from the early childhood is considered. Attention is paid to holidaysand shows at different stages of history and development of the human society,  reflecting high ideals, civil, moral and aesthetic aspirations. The authors draw the readers’ attention to the importance of a serious and profound attitude to the organization of holidays for children and the family holidays, in particular. The emphasis is put on the importance of the artistic and creative approach to the tasks being solved, as well as the necessity to create favorable conditions for the comfortable process of preparing, organizing and holding family celebrations for the children and their families. Participation of children together with adults in various types of organizational, preparatory and artistic creative work has a beneficial effect on the development of creative abilities and other personal qualities of children: a free, non-coaching introduction to literature, music, and visual arts; formation of communicative qualities and ability to work in co-creation with each other and with adults; the opportunity to uncover natural inclinations and identify them in joint actions. And we should emphasize the special importance of family holidays for the formation of family friendly and trusting relationships and a positive impact on children. 

Keywords:

family, holiday, communication, creativity, game, traditions, development.

P. 172-180

 

Innovative technologies in education
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PEDAGOGICAL DESIGN AT THE PREPARATION OF ENGINEERS

Knysh Andrei I., Shlekova Inna Yu.

Abstract.

The article analyzes the importance of pedagogical design in the modern education system. The tools for implementing an innovative approach to the educational process are proposed. Features of the implementation of pedagogical projects in the training of engineers are considered.

Keywords:

pedagogical design, project, multimedia technologies, pedagogical design tools, training of engineers.

P. 181-186

 

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PEDAGOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF GIFTEDNESS DEVELOPMENT BY MEANS
OF TRADITIONAL MUSIC OF PEOPLES OF THE WORLD

Ovchinnikova Julia S.

Abstract.

The article is focused on the authorial pedagogical technology of giftedness development by means of traditional music of peoples of the world and to analysis of personal changes of inner world, connected with actualization of students’ creativity during the process of education. Theoretical foundation of the actual research is based on works of Dr. A. A. Melik-Pashayev, where giftedness is regarded not as quality of special people, but as characteristics of each person that manifests capacity for creativity. In the article theoretical foundations of hypothesis, pedagogical objectives, conditions, principals and methods of organization of musical workshops are regarded. The analysis of data of pedagogical experiment allows to conclude about the development in students of their  general musical giftedness. All participants of the experiment mastered their skills in solo and joint play on simple ethnic instruments, developed their emotional sensitivity to music, gained active co-experience of music as the process of sensemaking. The results of the reflexive self-report of students showed that actualization of the “inner energy of soul”, of the personal creative element, goes beyond one kind of activity – in this context, musical – and leads to system changes embracing different aspects of the personal inner word, of their  general musical giftedness. All participants of the experiment mastered their skills in solo and joint play on simple ethnic instruments, developed their emotional sensitivity to music, gained active co-experience of music as the process of sensemaking. The results of the reflexive self-report of students showed that actualization of the “inner energy of soul”, of the personal creative element, goes beyond one kind of activity – in this context, musical – and leads to system changes embracing different aspects of the personal inner word, of the selfconsciousness and self-sentiment.

 

Keywords: 

pedagogical technology, traditional music of peoples of the world, giftedness development, development of co-intoning, development of creativity.

P. 187-204

 

Young scientists' vision
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THE STUDY OF THE LEXICAL UNITS SEMANTIZATION BY SCHOOLCHILDREN
WITH READING DISABILITIES

Babina Elena D.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the problem of semantisation of lexical units by schoolchildren with reading disabilities. The author considers theoretical grounds for investigating this phenomenon, the relationship between the processes of semantization and the identification of words. The article gives the strategies for the interpretation and identification of lexemes, the choice of which is determined by the language ability. The author considers it necessary to involve the theory of the associative-semantic field for the study of lexical units semantisation and identification, since the degree of associative fields branching can serve as an indicator of the formation of the meaningful reading. The article presents a methodical complex, which can be used to identify the students’ ability of semantisation.  The author discloses the structure and the approximate content of the methodology, defines the criterial apparatus for each series of tasks. 

Keywords:

semantization, reading disabilities, language ability, lexical units, semantization strategies, identification, associative-semantic field, research methods, analysis criteria.

P. 205-214

ПРОБЛЕМЫ СОВРЕМЕННОГО  ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ №4
Thursday, 28 June 2018 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2018 №3

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 3-2018

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophic Sciences 09.00.00 
History of philosophy 
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THE FATE AND ESSENCE OF JUDAISM IN THE CONTEXT OF N. A. BERDYAEV’S CHRISTIAN HISTORIOSOPHY

Pogodin Igor V.

Abstract.

The article, on the bases of religious and philosophical sources, views the analysis of N.A. Berdyaev’s philosophical ideas about the genesis and essence of Judaism, it considers the Russian philosopher’s interpretation of the role and significance of the religious ideals of the Jewish people for the development of the human history and the  change in the direction of the human consciousness. The content of the religious worldview of Judaism and the specifics of N. Berdyaev’s philosophical reflection is revealed in the process of comparative characterization of the spiritual teachings of Christianity, paganism, philosophical theories of existentialism and socialism.

Keywords:

history, Judaism, Christianity, Messianism, eschatology, justice, cultural and historical being, freedom, tragic existence.

P. 9-18

 

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THE CULTIC RELIGIOUS EXPLICATION OF CULTURE IN P. A. FLORENSKY’S PHILOSOPHY

Belyaev Dmitry A.

Abstract.

The conception of the cultic religious understanding of culture in P. A. Florensky’s philosophy is considered in the article. The genealogy of culture is reconstructed as an originally spiritual phenomenon of religious practices focused on creative communication with the divine absolute. The coherence of the cult and culture is analyzed, as well as the genesis of secularization and profanation of the culture’s ontological essence. The conclusion about the religious and metaphysical foundations of Florensky’s definition of culture is made.

Keywords:

Florensky, culture, cult, the origin of culture, the philosophy of culture, religion and culture.

P. 19-26 

 

Philosophy of education
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FORMING THE RUSSIAN NATIONAL IDENTITY: FROM PEDAGOGICAL AXIOLOGY TO EDUCATIONAL PRACTICES

Kulikova Svetlana V.

Abstract.

The axiological formula of basic values of the youth education on the basis of historical and pedagogical analysis is offered. The article describes modern educational practices focused on forming the Russian civil identity and national consciousness.

Keywords:

axiological approach, basic values of education, national consciousness, educational practices.

P. 27-34

    

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00
Educational psyhology

 

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PSYCHOLOGICAL BARRIERS IN LEARNING AND PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY OF STUDENTS

Podymov Nikolay A., Zhang Li (People’s Republic of China), Ngo Thi Nga (Republic of Vietnam)

Abstract.

The article presents the materials revealing peculiarities of psychological barriers in educational and professional activity of foreign students. A psychological barrier is understood as an internal obstacle reflected  in the consciousness of a person, expressed in violation of semantic correspondence of consciousness and objective conditions and ways of activity. A specific feature of the manifestation of psychological barriers is the occurrence of “critical points” in the course of activity, in the force of action of which the positive or negative result for the subject’s future activities is determined. It is determined that the most common barriers are the barrier of communication and the cognitive barrier. The authors carried oud the quantitative and qualitative analysis of the data obtained during the diagnostics according to the following methods: Scale of self-assessment of develop behavior (D. La Costa); Method of diagnostics of style parameters of teaching (A. Salomon, R. Felder); Methods of selfassessment of metacognitive knowledge and metacognitive activity (Y. Poshehonova, M. M. Kashapov). We diagnosed psychological barriers of communication with the help of the “Diagnostics of communication Barriers” questionnaire that we specially developed. The study results reveal the need for organization of a special work to form the foreign students’ self-management skills (knowledge of their own methods and strategies of organizing and managing the process of cognition and solving theoretical and practical tasks).

Keywords:

psychological barriers, educationalprofessional activity, barriers of communication, cognitive and meta- cognitive activity, strategies for overcoming psychological barriers.

P. 35-46

 

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FUNCTIONAL-DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF PSYCHOLOGY STUDENTS’ VOCATIONAL AND PEDAGOGIC SELF-KNOWLEDGE

Vasilyeva Elena M., Dolmatova Vera N.

Abstract.

The article describes the results of the experimental study on functional and dynamic characteristics of the structure of Psychology students’ professional and pedagogical self-knowledge during a pedagogical practice. The psychological features of cognitive (cognitive complexity), emotional (professional position) and volitional (effectiveness) substructures of Psychology students’ professional self-knowledge are  analyzed in accordance with the criteria proposed by the authors. The levels of the professional self-knowledge development (high, medium, low) are also provided.

Keywords:

levels of the professional pedagogical self-knowledge, cognitive complexity, professional position, efficiency.

P. 47-52

  

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THE ROLE OF SELF-EVALUATION IN FORMING STUDENTS’ MOTIVATION TO SELF-DEVELOPMENT IN PEDAGOGICAL HIGHER EDUCATION

Sotnikova Marina S.

Abstract.

In the article the problem of motivation to personal and professional selfdevelopment among students of a pedagogical university is actualized. The author presents the results of part of the forming experiment on the implementation of the complex of psychological and pedagogical activities within the framework of the «Technologies of Personal Development» training course, representing a workshop on self-knowledge and self-development. The workshop includes specialized diagnostic tools, interviews, consultations, through which the active self-evaluation activity of first-year students was carried out.

Keywords:

self-evaluation, self-evaluation activity, self-knowledge, self-development, self-cultivation, self-regulation, first-year students, workshop.

P. 53-58

 

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STUDY OF THE VERBAL SELF-EVALUATION AND EXAM ANXIETY OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS WHILE PREPARING FOR THEIR UNIFIED STATE EXAMINATIONS

Shvetsova Maya N., Barysheva Ekaterina O.

Abstract.

The article focuses on the study results that detect features of examination anxiety while preparing for the USE and its correlation with the level of verbal selfevaluation of pupils at comprehensive and subject-oriented schools. Due to the research results we can talk about a significant positive correlation between the level of a verbal selfconcept and the level of examination anxiety: the lower the verbal self-concept, the higher is the examination anxiety of senior students while preparing for the USE. The respondents with  low self-esteem have been found to complain about pain, shiver, heartthrob, and sickness during the trial USE more often. They express uncertainty in their knowledge, presence of fears and representations of failure, fear of examination more often. Besides, the significant correlation was detected between the level of self-evaluation and the affective area (during the examination the pupils’ control over their emotions decreases). Respondents from the subject-oriented school have a lower level of examination anxiety while preparing for the USE than the respondents from the comprehensive school.

Keywords:

exam anxiety, verbal self-evaluation, high school student, preparation for the USE, subject oriented instruction.

P. 59-67 

 

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THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL TRAINING ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNICATIVE ABILITIES OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS WITH AGG RESSIVE BEHAVIOR

Bochantseva Lyudmila I.

Abstract.

The article views the study of the influence of socio-psychological training as a psychological tool of developing communicative abilities of high school students with aggressive behavior in a secondary school. The article reveals the concept of communicative abilitiesin Psychology; analyzes the phenomenon of personality aggressiveness and the typology of aggressive behavior in domestic and foreign Psychology; reveals the psychological characteristics of communicative abilities of high school students with aggressive behavior; presents a description of psychological tools of developing communicative abilities of high school students with aggressive behavior. The experimental research established and proved the influence of social and psychological training as a means for developing the communicative abilities of senior pupils with aggressive behavior. 

Keywords:

communication skills, high school students, aggressive behavior, social and psychological training, psychological means of development.

P. 68-79 

 

General psyhology, personality psyhology, history of psyhology
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MANIPULATIVE COMMUNICATION BETWEEN PRESCHOOLERS AND THEIR PARENTS IN THE MODERN FAMILY

Kuzmishina Tatiana L.

Abstract.

The work is devoted to the study of interrelation between the family interaction patterns and manipulative tendencies in children’s behavior. The goal of the experimental work is to study the manipulation in the interaction of preschoolers and their parents in the modern family. Currently, the research on the topic of manipulation in the parent-child interaction focuses on the analysis of the factors, influencing the development of manipulative communication in the family. The results of this study demonstrate the correlation between the characteristics of parent-child interaction and manipulative behavior of preschoolers. The article also provides the data about the most typical forms of manipulation of parents by children of the preschool age.

Keywords:

parent-child relationship, interaction, preschool age, child, parents, manipulative communication, family. 

P. 80-88

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 

Modernization of education

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CURRENT STAGE OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE RUSSIAN-TRANSNISTRIAN RELATIONS IN THE FIELD OF EDUCATION AS A FACTOR IN FORMING A COMMON EDUCATION SPACE OF THE PRIDNESTROVIAN MOLDAVIAN REPUBLIC AND THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Goncharov Mikhail A., Petrakova Lyudmila E.

Abstract.

The nature of the drastic changes that took place in the Post-Soviet Space in the 1990s, the emergence (self-proclamation) of new State entities, one of which was the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic, determined the relevance of the issue of the research. The direction of the state educational policy of the PMR was predetermined by the historical community of the Transnistrian and Russian nations and was initially formed in the Russian education space. In this article the author examines the genesis and the current state of the Russian-Transnistrian relations in the field of education and the stages of integration of the Transnistrian Education Area into a Single Education Space of the Russian Federation.

Keywords:

common education space, Russian-Transnistrian cooperation in the field of education, stages of integration into a single education area.

P. 89-100

Theory of education

 

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FUNCTIONS OF COMPARATIVE PEDAGOGY FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE CZECH COMPARATIVISTS

Dolgaya Oksana I.

Abstract.

The article dwells upon the problem of interpretation of comparative pedagogy functions in the research works of Czech comparativists’. The functions are presented at the various stages of the development of this scientific discipline depending on its purpose and tasks. Basing on the analysis of original sources, the author reveals the expansion of the comparative pedagogy functions and the emergence of the new ones. In addition to the previously existing functions of description, interpretation, analysis, comparison, new functions were revealed: propaedeutic, prognostic, integrative. The author shows the growing importance of the comparative pedagogy and the research enhancement in this field.

Keywords:

comparative pedagogy, Czech comparative pedagogy, theoretical and practical functions of the comparative pedagogy, description, interpretation, comparison.

P. 101-110

History of pedagogy and education

 

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SPIRITUAL AND MORAL POTENTIAL OF OUT-OF-SCHOOL EXCURSION TRIPS: THE SOVIET SCHOOL EDUCATION BACKGROUND

Dudarenko Elena P.

Abstract.

The article concerns the experience of spiritual and moral education of students in the excursion activities. It presents the content, methods, and forms of tours arrangement; estimates the goals of the high school students’ extracurricular activities; views the practice of realizing the social projects in the course of the excursion trips.

Keywords:

spiritual and moral education, excursion activities, extracurricular activities, forms of the educational work.

P. 111-117

  

New research in education
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THE GENESIS OF THE PATRIOTIC EDUCATION OF TEACHERS IN THE SYSTEM OF THE PEDAGOGICAL EDUCATION

Lukinova Anastasiia V.

Abstact.

In the article the problem of patriotic education of future teachers is actualized. The essence and the content of the patriotic education, scientific ideas and views on this process in the higher pedagogical school are revealed.

Keywords:

patriotism, patriotic education, forming a personality, teacher, citizen, patriot.

P. 118-124

 

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PERSONALITY ORIENTED EDUCATION OF HIGH-SCHOOL STUDENTS IN THE CONDITIONS OF SPECIALIST CAMP

Senchenkov Nikolay P.

Abstract.

The article considers the process of a personality oriented education of high-school students in the specialist camps. By way of illustration the author analyzes the activities of the Smolensk Regional Pedagogical Camp “Krylaty” (headed by N.P. Senchenkov), which has based in Smolensk State University since 1989. The author considers the “We chose, we are chosen” role play, in which the game participants get acquainted with the laws and traditions of the children`s republic of New Atlantida. They are engaged in the election campaign, participate in the debates and vote for a candidate for the post of Grand Archon. The result of such role-playing games and collective creative activities is a creation of the system of practice-oriented law education, based on the activity approach, taking into account the interests of each senior pupil – participant of the specialist camp.

Keywords:

specialist camp, high-school students, personality oriented education, “Krylaty” pedagogical camp.

P. 125-132

 

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THE RESPONSIBILITY DEVELOPMENT: RESEARCH OF THE STRUCTURAL AND COMMUNICATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF A PARENTAL FAMILY SYSTEM

Alekseenko Tatiana V.

Abstract.

The paper presents the results of the empirical study on the internal-external control of an adult person in the context of the structural and communicative characteristics of a parental family system. As the condition of the responsibility development there are drawn such characteristics as the family structure, a hierarchical place in the sibling subsystem, functionality versus dysfunctionality in the communicative aspects of the parent-child relationship.

Keywords:

personal maturity, the responsibility development, the subjective control level, internal-external control, family emotional communication, the sibling subsystem, dysfunction of a family system, parental criticism.

P. 133-141

 

Innovative technologies in education
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STRATEGIES FOR STUDENTS’ SELF- ASSERTION IN THE EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES

Podymova Lyudmila S., Dolinskaya Lyudmila A., Liu Shouwen (China)

Abstract.

The article examines strategies for self-affirmation of Russian and Chinese students in educational activities. In the course of the study, diversities in the self-affirmation strategies of the Chinese and Russian students’ in a learning activity were found, as well as the difference in teaching methods in Russian and Chinese universities was revealed; the factors that determine the manifestation of  self-affirmation strategies for students were identified, and tools to correct students’ selfassertion strategies in educational activities were proposed.

Keywords:

strategy of self-assertion, educational activity, education, reflection, psychological and pedagogical conditions.

P. 142-150

 

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A STUDY OF THE INTERRELATION OF THE SELF-ESTEEM WITH THE STUDENTS’ STATUS POSITION IN A GROUP

Korneva Elena N.

Abstract.

In this article the author discloses the concept of self-esteem of a pedagogical university’s students, as well as the interrelation of the first-year students’ self-esteem with the status position in the system of the team interpersonal relations.

Keywords: 

self-esteem of a pedagogical university’s students, interrelation of the firstyear students’ self-esteem with the status position in the system of the team interpersonal relations.

P. 151-155

 

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GOALS OF PROFESSIONALLY-ORIENTED MATHEMATICAL TRAINING OF AN IT TEACHER WITHIN THE “METHODS AND MEANS OF INFORMATION PROTECTION” COURSE

Kotova Lydia V.

Abstract.

The article, in terms of subjectprofessional competencies, presents a multilevel system of training objectives of teaching basics of information protection to those who are earning their bachelor’s degree in IT from a pedagogical university. It also gives the main criteria for detecting the maturity of subject-professional competences as a result of studying the “Methods and Means of Information Protection” course, as well as the examples of using the constructed model in the pedagogical practice.

Keywords:

competence approach, subjectprofessional competence, professional training  of computer science teachers, diagnostics, information protection.

P. 156-164

 

Young scientists' vision
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METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO RESEARCH OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATION POLICY (1900–1917) 

Tyumentseva Yulia A.

Abstract.

The article considers methodological approaches suitable for historical and pedagogical research. The approaches, such as narrative, civilizational and cultural, suitable for studying the strategy of the development of education in Russia at the beginning of the 20th century, were chosen purposefully. 

Keywords:

methodological approaches, education strategy, Russia, the beginning of the 20th century, history of pedagogy, historical and pedagogical research. 

P. 165-171

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MUTUAL SUBJECT-SUBJECT ACTIVITY OF THE TEACHER AND PARENTS OF CHILDREN OF AN UPPER PRE-SCHOOL AGE IN A MODERN EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATION

Krasavina Lyudmila N.

Abstract.

The importance of studying subjectsubject relations is due to the fact that interaction of all aspects of the educational process is carried out in them. Subject-subject relations are disclosed as an interaction and this leads to certain changes in the views of the value orientations of each participant of the process. Only on the basis of their comprehensive study and analysis, the teacher can correct his/her actions. 

Keywords:

subjective position, subject, subjectactivity approach, personal agency, subjectsubject relationship. 

P. 172-181

Wednesday, 25 April 2018 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2018 №2

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 2-2018

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophic Sciences 09.00.00 
Philosophy and science   
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COHERENT CONCEPTION OF TRUTH AND METAPHORIZATION OF THE LANGUAGE OF PHILOSOPHY

Ermolenko Galina A., Kozhevnikov Sergey B.

Abstract.

The article discusses the contents of the coherence concept of truth through the prism of hermeneu-political strategies, philosophy, analyzes the theory of L. Wittgenstein, M. Dummett, N. Goodman, H. Poser, H. Putnam. This study allows to consider the coherent concept of truth as the epistemological framework of the language of philosophy. Application of the developed approach takes into account the metaphorical nature of philosophical concepts.

Keywords:

coherent conception of truth, metaphor in the language of philosophy, the epistemological framework, conceptual framework, understanding of linguistic expressions, criteria of truth, models of rationality.

P. 9-18

 

Philosophy of art
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INNER FORM OF THE WORD AND POETIC IMAGE IN ACMEISM: PHILOSOPHICAL ASPECT OF THE CORRELATION

Zanegina Anastasiya A.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the issue of the correlation between the linguophilosophical phenomenon of the inner form of the word and the concept of the “eidolon-image”. Eidolon is the main component of the aesthetic system of Acmeism – one of the main literary and philosophical directions of the Silver Age. Linguists define the internal form of the word as “image of the image”. In this interpretation we see an obvious connection and similarity with the acmeistic image-eidolon as the creative impulse of the artistic text. Eidolon anticipates the formation of a specific artistic image in the same way as the inner form of a word (representation) anticipates the formation of a concept. According to Nikolai Gumilev, the founder and leader of Acmeism, following Alexander Potebnja, an outstanding linguist and philosopher, poetry is not only a language phenomenon, but also a special form of speech, a unique and creative way of thinking. A distinctive feature of this phenomenon is a thought transformation with the help of a certain image, “image of the image”, the inner form of the word, the analogue of which in Acmeism was eidolon. 

Keywords:

Acmeism, inner form of the word, poetics, image, philosophy of the language, eidology, eidolon. 

P. 19-26

    

Philosophy of education

 

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WHY THE STUDENT NEEDS PHILOSOPHY: CHALLENGES OF TEACHING PHILOSOPHY IN UNIVERSITIES

Kondratyeva Svetlana B.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to problems of teaching philosophy in higher educational institutions, in understanding the role of philosophy in the modern society and in the education system. The work focuses on the change of the status of philosophy in the educational process; therefore it sets out the views on the search for new approaches to the teaching of philosophical disciplines.

Keywords:

teaching philosophy, the place of philosophy in the educational process, competence approach, the role of philosophy in the training of future teachers.

P. 27-32

 

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DISCUSSION ON MODERN RUSSIAN THEOLOGICAL EDUCATION IN THE CONTEXT OF RELIGIOUS, ATHEISTIC AND SCIENTIFIC WORLDVIEWS

(as regards the historical-philosophical and generalpurpose aspects)

Gusev Dmitry A.

Abstract.

The topicality of the article is determined by the discussion on theological education in modern Russia, which has recently been expanding. It raises question of its possibility, worth, grounding, necessity and positive or negative influence on the Russian society. In the view of religious, secular-atheistic and postsecular worldview patterns that were subsequently changing in Russia’s political and spiritual history of the XX–XXI centuries main pros and cons of theological education being integrated into the present-day secular system appear quite interesting. The attempt of such comparative analysis of coordinates of religious, atheistic and scientific worldview aimed at finding their coincidences and discrepancies bears the theoretic and practical significance as well as the scientific novelty. The main conclusion of the authors is the statement, according to which science, in its essence and nature, is not either an ally of atheism or an opponent of religion, which is why secular education, associated primarily with the development of basic scientific ideas about the world, does not contradict neither religious nor atheistic worldview. Theological and secular education may well coexist peacefully at the current stage of the country’s life and even complement each other.

Keywords:

worldview, religion, theism, pantheism, atheism, science, theological education, secularity, secularism, postsecularism.

P. 33-47

 

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00

 

History of psychology
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PERSONALITY IN A WORLD OF UNCERTAINTY: METHODOLOGY OF CULTURAL-HISTORICAL KNOWLEDGE OF L. S. VYG OTSKY’S 

Mitskevich Alexander N.

Abstract.

The article presents methodological aspects of formation of the conceptual approaches to the personality study in terms of the genesis of a new social formation, the regularities and peculiarities of the personality development in the context of L. S. Vygotsky’s cultural-historical concept.

Keywords:

cultural-historical theory, personality, pedagogy, psychology, development.

P. 48-55

 

Educational psychology

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ON THE PREDICTIVE CAPABILITIES OF CYBERACTIVE USERS BETWEEN 18 AND 22 YEARS OLD

Tolstova Olga I.

Abstract.

This article examines the predictive abilities in the study of the perception of social phenomena by cyber-active users aged between 18 and 22 years old. Specific conditions of the virtual space that affect the productivity of forecasting social phenomena by students are described. The content of the concepts of “virtual reality” and “forecasting” is considered. Depending on the measure of use of Internet resources, subjects were divided into experimental and control samples. Cyberactive students with staying for 5 to 6 hours on the Internet with 7 to 10 years of experience were involved in the experimental sample. The control sample was made by less cyber-active students, who spend 2 to 4 hours daily on the web with the experience from 3 to 8 years. As a stimulus material, a picture was used that contained a complex plot that allowed us to determine the speed and accuracy of predicting social phenomena. As the result of this study, it was revealed that the rate of forecasting of social phenomena is lower in cyberactive users of 18 to 22 years in comparison with the less cyberactive respondents. There are dissimilarities between the experimental and control samples in terms of the accuracy of forecasting social phenomena. The effect of the duration and systemic nature of the subject’s stay in cyberspace on predictive ability was recorded.

Keywords:

prognostic abilities, forecasting productivity, cyberspace, social phenomena.

P. 56-64

 

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EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL ADAPTAION OF FOREIGN STUDENTS IN RUSSIAN UNIVERSITIES

(using the example of the Chinese students)

Yuanyang Wang (China)

Abstract.

The article presents the results of the research based on the “MSCEIT V.2.0” and “A personality’s adaption to new cultural environment questionnaire of Yankovskyi (applied by Konstantinov)” tests on a group of Chinese students, who study in Russian Universities (n = 35). The correlation between the emotional intelligence and the sociopsychological adaption is found. The relevance between the emotion discernment and adaptation, emotion control and alienation is found. However, the connection between the emotional intelligence and the sociopsychological adaption themselves cannot be proved sufficiently. 

Keywords:

emotion, emotional intelligence, socio-psychological adaption, social group, social psychology, foreign students. 

P. 65-71

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 

 

Modernization of education
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TRENDS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE HIGH SCHOOL IN THE MODERN ECONOMIC SITUATION

Zanina Larisa V., Kirik Vladimir A.

Abstract.

The article examines tendencies and megatrends in the world and domestic education that determine the specificity of the university’s position as the center of their intersection and realization. At the same time, education is seen as a quasi-public good that ensures the development of the modern society as a whole. That, in its turn, determines the public financing of education. The article cites social and global challenges to modern education, examines the direction of their implementation in the sphere of higher education. Particular attention is paid to the economic challenges of higher education, the roots of which lie at the ongoing modernization of the post-industrial global economy and systemic diversification and re-industrialization of the country’s economy. The article defines the methodological mechanisms for the development of the national higher school, substantiates the relevance of the new branch in the theory of education – the economics of education, specifies the methodological apparatus of the economics of education, which determines the research boundaries of this scientific field in modern conditions.

Keywords:

tendency, megatrends, humanization, quasi-social good, challenges of modernity, the economics of education.

P. 72-78

 

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FACTORS IN CREASING EDUCATIONAL PROGRESS AT SCHOOL 

(based on foreign research)

Vachkov Igor V., Vachkova Svetlana N.

Abstract.

The article deals with the results of meta-analyzes from foreign researches. These studies analyze factors that increase educational progress at school. The authors of these studies identify the most important factors, among which are: the student’s own efforts, the contribution of the school and the contribution of the teacher. It is shown that the contribution of the pupil him/herself is much greater than the other factors. The number of other factors that traditionally estimated as significant, turned out to be of a very small effect. As a result among factors with low importance appeared the student’s gender, type of school, the number of students in the class, school uniforms introduction, summer classes, class formation built upon children abilities.

Keywords:

factors that increase educational progress at school, the effect degree, metaanalyzes, teacher, student, teaching, feedback. 

P. 79-90

 

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SOME PECULARITIES OF SOCIOCULTURAL EVOLUTION OF NATIONAL TEACHER TRAINING SYSTEM IN GERMANY

Plaksina Natalya V.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the analysis of sociocultural evolutional conditions of national teacher training system in Germany. The author analyzes some peculiarities of innovative way of evolution of the national teacher training system in the country mentioned above. The main types of educational institutions in the teacher training system are described and some general principles of organization and the basic technologies are revealed. 

Keywords:

education, teacher training education, educational institution, school, pedagogical universities, university. 

P. 91-98

 

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THE SCHOOL USING OF EDUCATIONAL INTERNET RESOURCES ON SCIENCE DISCIPLINES: VIEW FROM THE TWO SIDES

Bobrova Lubov N., Nikulova Galina A.

Abstract.

The article presents the results of the research on the attitude of two participantgroups of the educational process – Science and Maths teachers and schoolchildren of Physics and Mathematics classes – to the use of educational online-resources before and during the learning process. Particular attention is paid to difference in the views of these groups of users on the needs and problems arising from the use of Internet resources in the learning process.

Keywords:

Internet-resources, educational Internet-resources, educational online resources, needs of the educational internetresources users, use of Internet-resources in the educational process. 

P. 99-112

 

History of pedagogy and education

 

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VOCAL AND TEACHING TRADITIONS IN THE CREATIVE WORK OF THE VOCAL TEACHERS OF THE 19th CENTUR 

Kosovsov Nikolai E.

Abstract.

The article examines the pedagogical traditions of the classical vocal education in Russia and peculiarities of their use by leading vocal teachers in the XIX century while teaching classical vocal art. The topicality of research into Russian vocal traditions is proved for the present period of the vocal education development. 

Keywords:

vocal education, traditions, vocal apparatus, Russian vocal school, show method, synthetic method, art task. 

P. 113-120

  

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P. R. ATUTOV – DISCIPLE AND SUCCESSOR OF M. N. SKATKIN’S SCIENTIFIC SCHOOL OF POLYTECHNIC EDUCATION

Namsaraev Sergey D., Zanayev Sergey Z.

Abstract.

This article reveals the role of M. N. Skatkin and a student of his – P. R Atutov – in development of the national polytechnic education, as a strategic direction of modernization and industrial and economic development of the country. The article uses archival material – a joint letter of scientists of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic to the country’s leadership, published in 1954. 

Keywords:

Polytechnic education, polytechnic training.

P. 121-127 

 

New research in education
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FEATURES OF MODELING THE MULTICULTURAL ENVIRONMENT IN A UNIVERSITY IN A NATIONAL REGION

Pudov Aleksei G.

Abstact.

A Russian university on the periphery has become multicultural. A person with a conservative set of ethno-cultural values is not fully ready for a multidimensional dialogue with a previously unfamiliar culture. This generates mistrust between people, deforms the nature of the intercultural exchange. Dialogue, in the conditions of interaction of the conservative ideocratic forms of consciousness and dominant codes of the collective intentionality, becomes more complicated. In a multicultural society, the model of multicultural education needs developing an implementation strategy. The purpose of the paper is to identify the strategy of a multicultural university education in the conditions of the ethnocultural regionality, migration and mass culture dominance. Practical documents are proposed for the implementation of the model of a multicultural environment: a Program to form a multicultural environment in a university; a psychological affirmation to the multicultural education; a memo for students and faculties.

Keywords:

multicultural education, university, multiculturalism, national region, psychological affirmation, intercultural exchange, multicultural competence. 

P. 128-139

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INTERACTION OF EDUCATION SYSTEMS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA IN MODERN CONDITIONS

Melnikov Timur N., Moskvina Anna S., Tretyakov Andrey L.

Abstract.

The article proves the urgency of addressing to the problems of interaction between the Russian Federation and the People’s Republic of China in the issues of humanitarian cooperation, including the sphere of education. The essential component of the appeal of the first persons of the two states to the issues of education is indicated. A legislative basis for expanding international integration in the field of education is noted. The important determinants of the Chinese reformer in the field of education, Li Lanqing, are drawn. Particular attention is paid to the important areas of the international integration of the two powers in the field of education. Authors’ reflections on the prospects for cooperation between Russia and China in the educational sphere are given.

Keywords:

education, Russian Federation, People’s Republic of China, vector, cooperation, state educational policy, the 21st century.

P. 140-146

 

Innovative technologies in education
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MODERN TOOLS OF TRAINING IN MATHEMATICS FOR STUDENTS OF PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITIES 

Deza Elena I., Kotova Lidia V., Model Dmitry L.

Abstract.

In the article the role and the place of modern manuals in fundamental training in mathematics for students of pedagogical universities, structural features and didactic opportunities of the authors’ e-learning mathematical courses developed on their basis are analyzed. The principles of creation of such courses are pointed out. Selection criteria of contents and technical providing for the specified courses are offered. Their main functions are considered. Requirements imposed to them are listed. Use of the Moodle system as a technological base of creation of the appropriate e-learning resources is proved. Examples of the e-learning courses developed by the authors (theory of numbers, cryptography, discrete mathematics, calculus mathematics) are presented. 

Keywords:

higher mathematical education, manual on mathematics, e-learning course, principles of an e-learning course creation, functions of an e-learning course, requirements to the e-learning course, Moodle system.

P. 147-155

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IMPLEMENTATION OF AN INTEGRATIVE APPROACH TO TEACHING SCIENCE IN THE CDIО IDEOLOGY 

Butakova Svetlana M., Feskova Elena V.

Abstract.

The authors of the article regard integration in education as the interaction and interpenetration of the structural elements of different areas of knowledge, methods of cognition and the scientific concepts on a common logical and methodological basis for the purpose of disclosure of cross-curricular issues and concerns. Models of integration in education can be a course that combines several subjects from one educational programme; combination of academic subjects from one educational area on the basis of the advantages of a single discipline that retains its specifics; an integrative course in the elective component of the curriculum, which combines items from remote educational areas. While implementing integrated education knowledge becomes compound; abilities – generalized, able to promote the all-around application of knowledge, to transfer ideas and methods from one science to another. 

Keywords: 

integrative approach, integrated learning task, a fragmented integration, interdisciplinary integration, active learning methods. 

P. 156-163

 

Young scientists' vision
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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF EXTRACURRICULAR PEDAGOGICAL SYSTEMS OF CHILDREN’S SUMMER COLONIES AND BOY SCOUTS 

Ladchenko Konstantin V.

Abstract.

This article describes two pedagogical systems of extracurricular education of the second half of the 19th – the beginning of the 20th centuries. The article provides a detailed analyzes of the basic principles, as well as the theoretical and methodological grounds of those systems. The cause-effect relationship is noted, the main factors of their establishment are determined, the essential programmes are studied. The recollections of the children-colonists and scouts are drawn. The given article may be of use to those who study pedagogical institutions of extracurricular education of the second half of the 19th – the beginning of the 20th centuries.

Keywords:

extracurricular education, scouting, summer children’s colonies, colonies, scouts, Walther Bion, Robert Baden-Powell.

P. 164-172

Monday, 26 March 2018 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2018 №1

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 1-2018

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophic Sciences 09.00.00 
History of philosophy              
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RHETORIC AND SCIENCE: OVERCOMING THE ANCIENT BREAK

Kozlova Natalia Yu.

Abstract.

The article considers the possibility of interpreting rhetoric as a constitutive form of science communication; the reasons of the ancient separation of rhetoric from philosophy are analyzed, the possibility of overcoming it is revealed.

Keywords:

rhetoric of science, antiquity, knowledge transfer, metaphor, communication.

P. 9-18

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ONTOTHEOLOGICAL PROBLEM IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF ERIUGENA AND FICHTE

Tolstenko Andrey M., Kuznetsova Svetlana V.

Abstract.

The authors offer to include the thought of Johannes Scottus Eriugena’s (c. 810 – c. 877) in the broad context of the traditional metaphysical consideration and understand it as the unity of reflexive panentheism (God is in everything, but not everything is God) and Christian theism. The Irish monk’s ideas of were based on Neoplatonism, which prevailed in Byzantine meditative theology, subject to the tasks of the medieval paradigm of knowledge. In this regard, the «division of nature» of Eriugena’s appears to be ontotheology, on the basis of which he drew out the original religious and philosophical teaching. Essential features of scholasticism, finally established in the XII–XIII centuries, were inherent in his speculations. At the same time, there are speculative moments in it, anticipating and linking Eriugena with German classical philosophy, with Fichte’s idealism, in particular. Critical Fichte’s real idealism is a kind of transcendental ontotheology, based on the egological structures and problems of synthetic a priori judgments. Comparative, concrete historical, typological and textual analytic methods of research were applied to provide a scientific evaluation of the Eriugena’s and Fichte’s philosophical thought. It was found that ontotheology and Eriugena’s panentheism, as its constructive principle, and his teaching on the division of Nature, or God, are comparable with the concepts of Fichte’s egology and German idealism in whole, which preached salvation exclusively in consciousness and through consciousness. 

Keywords:

nature, idealism, ontotheology, metaphysics, Fichte, Eriugena.

P. 19-31

 

Philosophy of science and trchnology
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RATIONALITY AND NON-CLASSICAL LOGIC

Yashin Boris L.

Abstract.

The article deals with the problem of understanding rationality at the present stage of the development of philosophy, science and education and its connection with the logic of thinking. It is noted that this connection is most often associated with the basic laws of traditional (classical) logic, with which scientific rationality is often identified. Different interpretations of rationality in foreign and domestic literature are compared. It is shown that the phenomenon of scientific rationality is not reducible to the logical only, but rationality itself is multifaceted. It is substantiated that the basis of rationality can be not only classical, but also non-classical logics, in particular, various variants of paraconsistent logic, as well as epistemic or temporal and relevant logic, logic with strict  implication, the logic of change. The essence of some of these nonclassical logics, their features, possibilities of use in natural and social sciences, education, in quantum mechanics, in probabilistic and inductive reasoning, in the theory of fuzzy concepts, in information retrieval systems are revealed. It is suggested that the search for an answer to the question of the relationship between paraconsistent logic and rational thinking can be productive for the ongoing development of the concept of modern understanding of rationality and philosophy of education.

Keywords:

temporal logic, classical rationality, the traditional (classical) logic, logic of change, non-classical logic, scientific rationality, nonclassical rationality, paraconsistent logic, relevant logic, philosophy of education.

P. 32-47

    

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00

 

Educational psychology
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THE SUCCESS OF SOLVING CONVERGENT TASKS IN THE CONTEXT OF VARIOUS EXTERNAL MOTIVATIONAL ATTITUDES 

Gavrilova Olga Ya.

Abstract.

The purpose of the research presented in the article is to determine the possibility of changing the success of solving problems of a convergent type by adolescents by varying the external motivational setting. By convergent problems we understand ones that have only one correct solvation. The study used two types of problems: aimed at the abstractlogical thinking and aimed at the spatial thinking. The article discusses the results of an empirical study of the success of solving convergent problems by adolescents in the context of three different motivational attitudes: neutral, competitive in the context of a personal victory and the victory of their group, held in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) in 2017 on the basis of the International Research School as part of the psychology project. The main method of the study was an experiment. In the course of analyzing the results obtained, a statistically significant increase in the success of solving problems in the conditions of competition was found for one’s own victory.

Keywords:

motivation, learning motivation, motivational attitude, attitude, thinking, convergent tasks, problems solving, success in problems solving.

P. 48-55

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EMPATHY AS A NECESSARY CONDITION FOR THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY OF A TEACHER 

Volodina Svetlana A.

Abstract.

The article proves the importance of empathy – the personality quality that helps to achieve successful and effective professional education activities. The results of the study on the empathy level of teachers in Moscow and Moscow region educational institutions and students of a pedagogical university are presented. The results attest to the insufficient level of development of this personal quality among a significant number of respondents: only slightly more than a half of the respondents have an adequate level of empathy. A sufficient number of the respondents have their low and very low levels. Students have the results close to the results of teachers.

Keywords:

the qualities of the teacher’s personality, meaningful cooperation, conflicts, a teacher’s professional activity, empathy levels, empathy.

P. 56-60

Psychology of labor, engineering psychology, ergonomics 

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FEATURES OF THE VISIBLE PERCEPTION OF CYBERACTIVE USERS

Tolstova Olga I.

Abstract.

The article presents the results of an empirical study of the features of visual perception of cyberactive users aged 18 to 22 years. We consider the characteristic features of the basic needs of users, carried out with the help of visual perception and implemented in the virtual space. According to the purpose of this work, the respondents were divided into two groups depending on their Internet cyberactivity. The experimental group is represented by cyberactive students who have been using the Internet resources for 5 to 6 hours a day and with the experience of 7 to 10 years. The control group features less cyberactive students with the experience from 3 to 8 years and using the Internet from 2 to 4 hours a day. To achieve the goal there were used the methods that study the effective indicators of visual perceptive activity: the volume of perception of senseless and meaningful material; accuracy, speed, perceptual performance, as well as observability. On the basis of the study results the impact of cyberactivity on the visual perceptual activity of users of 18 to 22 years is established. Significant difference between cyberactive and less cyberactive students has been revealed in terms of the volume of perception of meaningless material.

Keywords:

cyberactivity, perceptual activity, visual perception, cyberspace, virtual space, cyber environment, internet environment, the Internet resources.

P. 61-68

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 

 

Modernization of education
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THE CHARACTERISTICS OF STANDARDIZATION OF PRIMARY EDUCATION IN THE US AND THE UK

Nosova Ekaterina A.

Abstract.

The purpose of this article is to give general characteristics of standardization of contents of education in the US in comparison with the UK in current conditions of modernization in primary education. In different countries, educational standards have different contents, structure and purpose. The author sought to identify trends of modernization of educational standardization associated with modern organizational and management conditions for primary education organization in given countries. The article examines the components of educational standards, factors and conditions of their formation and modernization, as well as analyzes the methodology of standardization on the example of primary schools in the US and the UK. The author analyzes the substantive and legislative framework of educational standards based on the authentic research papers. Finally the author identified common and distinctive characteristics of the standardization of British and American primary schooling. This article is of survey character.

Keywords:

standardization, primary school education, contents of education, the National curriculum of the UK, NCLB act of the US, centralized and decentralized models of school organization, school management and financing.

P. 69-88

 

History of pedagogy and education

 

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V. F. SAKHAROV – AN OUTSTANDING SCHOLAR AND EDUCATOR, A REPRESENTATIVE OF THE LENINGRAD LIBRARY SCHOOL 

Bakhtina Elena V.

Abstract.

The article reveals the main milestones of life and work of an outstanding Soviet library expert, the founder of the Leningrad school of librarianship – Vasily Fyodorovich Sakharov. The pedagogical weight of V. F. Sakharov’s is denoted in the context of laying the basic foundations of the Soviet (Russian) library science. A particular attention is paid to the most important stages of V.F. Sakharov’s academic and pedagogical activity. The scientist’s unique pedagogical approach in the framework of educational and upbringing activities with students in the class-setting is presented. 

Keywords:

Vasily Fedorovich Sakharov, scholar and educator, reconstruction, academic and creative record, teaching and education.

P. 89-94 

  

New research in education
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THE “WORLD AROUND” COURSE AS THE PROPAEDEUTIC BASIS OF FORMING

THE GEOGRAPHIC CULTURE WITH SCHOOL STUDENTS

Dronov Viktor P., Lopatnikov Dmitriy L., Tamozhnyaya Elena A., Emirova Marina E.

Abstact.

The article is devoted to the issue of implementing the principle of continuity in teaching Geography to school students in the conditions of introduction of new educational standards. The authors consider the “World around” course as a propaedeutic basis of forming the geographical culture of school students. In the article the components of geographical culture and features of their implementation in the contents of the “World around” course are considered. The results of theoretical comprehension of the issue-considered are the basis for defining the main direction of teaching the “World around” course improvement that is connected with transition to the activity and personality-focused model of training, directed to forming the geographical culture with school students.

Keywords:

the principle of continuity in education, structure of geographical education, the geographical culture of a school student, components of geographical culture, geographical thinking.

P. 95-110

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SOCIAL AND PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONALITY OF DEVELOPMENT OF COGNITIVE INDEPENDENCE OF YOUNGER SCHOOL STUDENTS IN THE COURSE OF EDUCATIONAL AND RESEARCH ACTIVITY

Nosikova Yana N., Obukhov Alexey S.

Abstract.

The article views influence of social and pedagogical conditions on the development of cognitive independence of younger school students in educational and research activity. The model of development of cognitive independence of younger school students is approved. It is proved by practical consideration that the program of educational and research activity, the method of design (enrichment) of the educational environment, teachers and parents’ support of the cognitive initiative in primary school make important social and pedagogical conditions for the cognitive independence development of younger school students.

Keywords:

cognitive independence, educational and research activity, social and pedagogical conditions for development of cognitive independence, enrichment of contents of education, Federal State Educational Standard of the primary general education, model of the cognitive independence development, younger school student.

P. 111-120

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FOREIGN EXPERIENCE IN THE EXTREMISM PREVENTION PRACTICE AMONG ADOLESCENTS

Nadyrshin Timur M.

Abstract.

The article reviews the existing practice of preventing extremism among adolescents in foreign countries. The modern Russian legislation in the field of extremism prevention in school is considered. Despite the considerable development of legislation in this area, little space is allocated to the study of the phenomenon of extremism in education standards. The results of a survey of existing programs and movements for schoolchildren in such countries as Denmark, Britain, France, the Netherlands, Australia and Russia speak about the importance of developing the civic identity, moral stability against extremism, and the development of students’ selfmanagement. In addition, the article focuses on the main areas of work with schoolchildren in the extremism prevention, among them there is the study of this phenomenon on the lessons, the involvement of students in volunteer activities, the development of patronage, assistance in obtaining labor and educational opportunities, contests for religious minorities, and non-confessional Religious Education for schoolchildren. The article lists major methodological problems that interfere with the school combating extremism and its manifestations. This is, first of all, the public interchangeability of the concepts of “extremism”, “terrorism”, “radicalism” and the problem of secular indoctrination.

Keywords:

extremism prevention, religion, school, making teenagers radical, counteracting extremism.

P. 121-132

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SCHOOL EDUCATION AS THE CONTEXT OF FORMING THE CULTURE OF LEGAL AND SAFE BEHAVIOUR 

Alpatova Olga B., Skripnik Lyudmila Ju.

Abstract.

The article presents the experience of Moscow school No. 2101 “Filevskiy educational center” of permanent maintaining social partnership with law-enforcement officers to promote patriotic education for students, form the positive image of law enforcement officers, create the model of legal education and of social activity in the sphere of security of individuals, society and the state.

Keywords: 

school, legal education, socialization, image, security, social partnership, a teenager, safety culture, lawabiding behavior.

P. 133-141

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FORMING INTELLECTUAL SKILLS OF STUDENTS OF VILLAGE SCHOOLS WITH DUE CONSIDERATION OF THEIR PERSONAL AND ETHNIC PECULIARITIES

Dugarova Tuyana Ts., Erdynieva Valentina B.

Abstract.

Formation of intellectual skills of those students who go to village schools becomes urgent in the conditions of modernization of education. The article discusses the pedagogical features of this process with due consideration of personal and ethnic peculiarities of those students. The model and training conditions of forming intellectual skills of the students of village schools are presented for discussion.

Keywords:

intellectual skills, formation of intellectual skills, students of a village school, taking into consideration personal and ethnic peculiarities, model, training conditions.

P. 142-148

 

Innovative technologies in education
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IT CULTURE BASES IN SENIOR PRESCHOOL CHILDREN: CURRENT STATUS OF THE ISSUE AND SOLUTIONS 

Kalinina Tatiana V.

Abstract.

The article deals with the issue of forming the initial foundations of information culture in children of senior preschool age. The concept of «the foundations of the information culture» of senior preschoolers is defined. The criteria and indicators for the development of structural components are laid down and the methodology for developing the basics of information culture in children of senior preschool age is shown. The data of the current state of the issue of IT culture bases formation in children of the older preschool age are presented, as well as the quantitative and qualitative results of the experiment on the development of the foundations of information culture among older preschool children conducted by the author, along with the analysis of the cause-effect relationship of the results obtained.

Keywords:

preschool children IT culture, Information and Communication Technology, structural components, criteria, indicators and the methodology for developing the basics of information culture in children of senior preschool age.

P. 149-162

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FORMATION OF FOREIGN STUDENTS’ TRAINING MOTIVATION AT THE PRE-UNIVERSITY STAGE: SOME WAYS OF THE PROBLEM SOLVING 

Oleshko Tamara V., Sayamova Valentina I.

Abstract.

This article considers the questions of foreign citizens’ training motivation at the pre-university stage of the medical university, the importance of formation and the ways of developing students’ positive cognitive motivation are grounded: the awareness of training motives in Russian as a foreign language;  the necessity of taking into account the professional orientation of training; engaging students in problem solving tasks; the implementation of interdisciplinary relations; the importance of using visual teaching methods; training in the process of communication; the role of the teacher’s personality. Altogether they contribute to the updating of the motivational potential of the educational environment.

Keywords: 

motivation, internal/external motives, cognitive motivation, foreign students, preparatory faculty, Physics, Russian as a foreign language

P. 163-172

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EXPERIENCE OF TEACHING CHINESE STUDENTS – LEARNERS OF RUSSIAN TO CONDUCT A DISCOURSE ON ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES 

Wei Ningning

Abstract.

Environmental problems today are as important as political, economic and social ones. Chinese students – learners of Russian philology should deeply comprehend and discuss these problems for the development of dialogic speech. Discussion on the environmental issues is an effective way to develop the speech of Chinese students who study Russian philology. To achieve a significant effect in teaching Russian as a foreign language, it is recommended to use the visualization of the material under discussion. It  contributes to the development of anticipation among Chinese students in the process of discussing the problems of ecology.

Keywords:

discussion, interviews, development speech, problems of ecology, teaching Chinese students the Russian language.

P. 173-179

Young scientists' vision
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RUSSIAN CHILDREN’S SUMMER COLONIES OF THE SECOND HALF OF 19th – BEGINNING OF THE 20th CENTURY 

Ladchenko Konstantin V.

Abstract.

This article is devoted to the description of children’s summer camps – colonies – in the Russian Empire as a kind of extracurricular education. The summer colonies organization, both in Russia and other European countries, is given in detail in the article. Theory positions and practice arrangements for organizing colonies are analyzed. The recollections of the children-colonists, as well as the contemporaries’ opinion on the children’s colonies operation, are drawn.

Keywords:

children’s summer colony, extracurricular education, town colony, dairy station, summer residence, session.

P. 180-188

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THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE LENINGRAD SCHOOL 1950–1960 YEARS: GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS AND MAJOR PROBLEMS 

Polotebnov Alexander S.

Abstract.

The Aim of this paper is to study the development of the Leningrad school in the period 1950–1960s in the course of reform in education in terms of a large Soviet city. The article can be of interest to researchers studying history of St. Petersburg, Soviet society, historians of education, specializing in the study of history of Soviet school education.

Keywords:

Leningrad system of school education, urban educational environment, school reform.

P. 189-198 

Friday, 26 January 2018 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2017 № 6

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 6-2017

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophic Sciences 09.00.00 
History of philosophy              
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PECULIARITY OF ERIUGENIAN PHILOSOPHICAL DOCTRINE

Tolstenko Andrey M., Kuznetsova Svetlana V.

Abstract.

This article considers the phenomenon of the philosophy of John Scottus Eriugena’s (c. 800 – c. 877). Comparative, concrete historical, typological, and systematic textual analytic methods of research were applied to understand and provide a scientific evaluation of the events and facts that triggered Eriugena’s philosophical choices in respect to the medieval thought. Ideas of the Irish monk were rooted in Neoplatonism, which prevailed in the Byzantine meditative theology, and in the language of Hermeneutics’, subordinated to the tasks of contemplating things in the context of the medieval paradigm of knowledge. It was found that the “idealism” of Eriugena’s as a constructive principle in his theological reasoning and in his teachings on the division of Nature, or God, is more relevant to Hegel and German idealistic tradition than to Berkeley’s immaterialism.

Keywords:

Berkley, Hegel, Idealism, Metaphysics, Eriugena.

P. 9-21 

Philosophy of education
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ONTOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY

Ljovkina Anastasia O., Ljovkin Vadim E.

Abstract.

Humane “Knowledge society” is investigated as one of the forms of possible future social ontology, a society of sustainable prosperity. In the article we describe conditions and premises of a transition to this social future. For that we analyze specifics of the “Knowledge society” in the context of modern culture and discuss key resources of the “Knowledge society”. We formulate the main problem of the “Knowledge society” as a necessity to adjust the social structure (composition of social institutes, social agreements and their connections) with humanistic values (values of human life, freedom and development in harmony with other people and nature).

Keywords:

knowledge society, consumer society, humane society, logical thinking, level of consciousness.

P. 22-34

    

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BODILY COGNITION AND EDUCATION: THE COGNITIVE PERSPECTIVE

Volkova Svetlana V.

Abstract.

The article touches upon one of the main tendencies in contemporary philosophy of education, the so-called “corporeal turn”. The author argues that the phenomenon of education cannot be fully understood by focusing only on such factors as mind and intellectual activity as the main cognitive ability of a humanbeing as the mind and its activity are based on the bodily experience of human beings. Basing on the modern cognitive science the author proves the important part of gestures in the learning process. The article also views that referring to the phenomenon of a human body allows to clarify the conditions of the possibility of education as a sphere of intersubjectivity.

Keywords:

cognition, mind, body, cognitive science, education, gesture, image schema, intersubjectivity.

P. 35-45

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00
Social psychology
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PSYCHOLOGICAL PREVENTION OF CONFLICT RELATIONS IN THE WORKPLACE

Egorov Evgeny E., Lebedeva Tatiana E.

Abstract.

At present, the problem of conflicts is an object of increased attention in various branches of scientific knowledge, which is naturally generated by its relevance. The saturation of our lives with various kinds of conflicts dictates the need to develop a problem of effective management of them. A conflict in an organization is a conscious contradiction between the communicating members of this collective which is accompanied by attempts to resolve the conflict amid emotional relations within the organization. The results of approbation of the program of psychological prevention of conflict relations in the workplace are analyzed in the article.

Keywords:

psychological prevention, conflict relations, organization, program of support.

P. 46-54

  

Educational psychology
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THE MAIN DIRECTIONS OF IMPROVING PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL COMPETENCE OF A TEACHER TO WORK WITH VARIOUS GROUPS OF PUPILS

Draganova Oksana A.

Abstract.

The article discusses the main components of psychological-pedagogical competence of the teacher, factors and conditions of their formation and improvement. Requirements to the teacher are brought into correlation with the educational standards and professional standard of the teacher. The main aspects of work to improve teachers’ psycho-pedagogical competence in the system of additional professional education are set out. The article reports the result of the questionnaire completed by teachers, describes the issues causing difficulties while working with the various groups of pupils, provides a visual as a form of self-examination to explore a teacher’s educational activities.

Keywords:

psycho-pedagogical competence, professional standard of a teacher, Federal state educational standards, psychological and pedagogical conditions of an educational activity, an evolving activity, psychological and pedagogical techniques, targeted-focused work, various groups of pupils.

P. 55-63

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THE IMPLEMENTATION OF FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS’ SELF-ESTEEM

Korneva Elena N.

Abstract.

In this article the author discloses the concept of self-esteem of students of a pedagogical University, as well as the concept of «formative assessment», the formation of the self-esteem of students of psycho-pedagogical direction in the process of formative assessment.

Keywords:

self-assessment of students of a pedagogical University, formative assessment, self- assessment of students during formative assessment.

P. 64-68

Psychology of labor, engineering psychology, ergonomics 

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STYLE OF PERSONNEL RESPONSE TO ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGES IN THE CONTEXT OF THE INNOVATIONS IMPLEMENTATION

Tarabakina Lyudmila V., Lavrova Anastasia S.

Abstract.

The article discusses the contradiction between the demand for the implementation of organizational changes and insufficiently researched reasons for the resistance of the personnel. Monitoring the involvement of the staff in the origin, dynamics and prospects of the organizational change is considered as a condition of the organizational culture of the institution. The unity of the criteria of psychological readiness for the organizational changes with the organizational culture is shown reliably.

Keywords:

organizational changes, professional innovation, tolerance to uncertainty, organizational culture, functional approach.

P. 69-76

General psychology, psychology of personality, history of psychology
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PSYCHOLINGUISTIC CHARACTERISTICS OF DIALOGICAL SPEECH

Chekanova Marina V.

Abstract.

The article presents the psycholinguistic characteristics of the main patterns of a speech act producing viewed by domestic and foreign authors; the structure of speech activity, where the process of speech production is analyzed as a purposeful, motivated activity with certain stages and levels. The operating structure compiled by the actions and operations as well as interrelation of the language and consciousness are viewed; the concept of “skill” is defined; a deep connection between speech and formation of higher mental functions is described.

Keywords:

dialogue, patterns of a speech act producing, structure of speech activity, speech, thinking.

P. 77-82

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 
History of pedagogy
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THE IMPACT OF ROGOVA’S SCIENCE IDEAS IN FACILITATIVE DIRECTION OF A TEACHER‘S METHODIC TRAINING

Romashina Svetlana Ya.

Abstract.

Genesis and development of ideas in foreign languages’ study influenced by G. V. Rogova are reflected due to communicative tendency and system approach, facilitative learning and methodical training in teacher’s education.

Keywords:

methods of teaching foreign languages, G. V. Rogova’s school of thought, communicative tendency, system approach, facilitative learning, methodical training in teacher’s education.

P. 83-91

  

Modernization of education
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THE REGIONAL ASPECT OF INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION

Glumova Elena P.

Abstract.

In the article an attempt of the analysis of objective conditions of modern processes of intercultural interaction is made. The definitions of the “intercultural communication” and “intercultural competence” concepts are provided, and also the regional component of the content of communication is described on the intercultural level. Some contradictions and unresolved problems in the implementation of the idea of the language and culture co-studying at the lessons of foreign languages at the University are also revealed. Linguistic and cultural features of representatives from different regions of the language functioning are described. The levels of the processes of international regionalization, namely: macro, meso and micro, are given. The necessity of taking into account regional characteristics in the process of intercultural dialogue is grounded. Strategic objectives of a foreign language education are identified, taking into account the processes of intercultural communication at the regional level. Plans for implementation of regional material of both, foreign and native language communities, in teaching foreign languages are formulated.

Keywords:

intercultural communication, intercultural competence, the regionalization of the world, regionalization of education, regional dialect, the regional culture, the levels of regionalization, the regional component of the training content.

P. 92-104

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MODERN TECHNOLOGY OF VOCATIONAL TRAINING IN A LINGUISTIC UNIVERSITY

Dmitrenko Tatiana A.

Abstract.

The given article is focuses on the issue of the present-day organization of foreign languages lessons in the system of higher linguistic education with the use of new teaching technologies. The author analyses some current problems connected with improving the quality of vocational education of the intended language specialists in the context of multicultural surroundings. In the article the author views the factors that contribute to the relevance and necessity of cross-cultural ideas in the field of the language education of a modern specialist. Particular attention is given to the description of specific features of teaching foreign languages built on the intercultural basis. Peculiarities of forming students’ foreign language competences in a new situation when  cross-cultural component is becoming the principal part of a foreign language education are considered. The author highlights the role of new technologies in teaching foreign languages, which facilitate an effective communication of specialists of various spheres in a multicultural environment. The article proves the necessity and the objective nature of transformation of the linguistic and educational paradigm – from communicative to intercultural. The special attention is paid to the profession-focused technology in intercultural communication teaching. The author considers the problem of developments of the professional and speech culture and tolerance education by future specialist.

 

Keywords:

foreign language training, new teaching technologies, competitive specialist, intercultural communication, language education, tolerance learning, verbal and nonverbal means, quality improvement.

P. 105-113

Theory of education
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THE ROLE OF A TEXT IN THE SYSTEM OF LANGUAGE EDUCATION IN A NON-LINGUISTIC UNIVERSITY

Klementsova Nadezhda N.

Abstract.

Text is characterized as a universal didactic unit contributing to solving the problems faced by modern language education. The role of the text in the system of language education in a non-linguistic university is clarified, the attempt is being undertaken to define the functions performed by the text in the educational process and to reveal the text involvement in the organization of this process components. A conclusion is made about a significant potential of the text in the modern competency-based model of education. The necessity of establishing the true role of the textual competency in the hierarchy of the competences being developed within the framework of language education in a nonlinguistic university is emphasized.

Keywords:

a universal didactic unit, polyfunctionality of a text, textual activity, textual competency, linguistic persona.

P. 114-126

 

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THE DEVELOPMENT OF APPROACHES TO SECOND LANGUAGE WRITING

Kashcheyeva Anna V.

Abstract.

The education reform going on at present and the changing requirements to the second language skills at secondary and tertiary levels as well as the changing approaches to the role of writing in the second language learning have stipulated the choice of topic. The article aims to analyze the transformation of approaches to the second language writing that have occurred for the past 50–60 years in the national and foreign methodology; and to reveal the practical potential that the modern research areas on the second language writing have. The article views different approaches to the second language writing from the perspective of the role of writing in the educational process; the constraints academic environment lays to the process of writing; the stages and mental mechanisms of writing; the transfer of composition skills from the mother tongue; pedagogical implications the components of models of writing have. The article concludes  that up to now ideas of different historical approaches to writing have not consolidated in a new theoretical ground. The national methodology develops the traditional approach to writing as a productive communicative activity and takes into consideration the needs of modern second language users. In spite of the existing variety of modern research areas, academic writing studies remain the most discussed trend.

Keywords:

writing as an autonomous activity, controlled writing, free writing, process approach, composition skills, context in writing training, written discourse, academic writing.

P. 127-138

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ACADEMIC WRITING IN A NON-LINGUISTIC UNIVERSITY: SOCIOCULTURAL APPROACH

Aksenova Elena E.

Abstract.

The article discusses peculiarities of teaching academic writing to students of the master’s and post-graduate non-linguistic and science and technology programs. Special attention is given to the necessity of carrying the comparative analysis in both, the Russian and English languages; that helps to develop the skill to overcome sociocultural difficulties brought about by the lack of knowledge of specific features of the Englishlanguage scientific style, which, in its turn, affects the quality of a scientific publication. The article also provides the peculiarities of an English-language scientific publication, gives recommendations on its arrangement and layout. The author analyses the articles translated into English by students and postgraduate students; she also gives tips how to write a scientific article in English using the examples out of the domestic and foreign experience and regarding the present trends in the English-language journals.

Keywords:

academic writing, scientific and technical translation, sociocultural difficulties, comparative analysis.

P. 139-146

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ON THE ISSUE OF MODELING THE EMOTIONALLY-VALUABLE COMPONENT
OF THE CONTENT OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE EDUCATION

Tatarinova Maya N.

Abstract.

The article deals with structurallysubstantial characteristics of the understudied emotionally-valuable component of the content of foreign language education, the problems of its modeling are considered. The purpose of the article is to present the structural, structural-functional, and basic theoretical models of the emotionally-valuable component of the content of foreign language education. It is shown how the basic model of this component can be modified to appear in a new varied format, ready to operate at a certain stage of foreign language education in school. As a result, the “products” of all the four components of the content of foreign language education in the framework of our proposed system are integrated: the objective,  procedural-reproductive, procedural-creative and emotionally-valuable component. This is intended to ensure a gradual development of a student as a multicultural linguistic persona. The proposed models of emotionally-valuable component of the content of foreign language education are innovative as in the works, related to the subject matter and the target, the issues of modeling of this very component have hardly ever been solved.

 

Keywords:

emotionally-valuable component of the content of foreign language education, structural-functional feature of the emotionallyvaluable component, structural, structuralfunctional, basic theoretical models of the emotionally-valuable component, adaptations of the basic model of the emotionally-valuable component.

P. 147-160

New research in education
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POLYCULTURAL ASPECT OF TEACHING FOREIGN LANGUAGES IN THE PRIMARY SCHOOL AND SELECTION OF ITS CONTENTS

Mandzhieva Svetlana I.

Abstact.

The polycutural situation that is formed in the Republics of the Russian Federation demands to organize primary school education about foreign languages in the context of polylogue of linguocultures and to update the content of training. Traditionally defined components of education in such conditions are not fully sufficient. It is necessary to highlight the multicultural aspect which being its integral part is at the same time marking the contents of each component. The main purpose of the contents of teaching foreign languages in the polylingual and multicultural conditions is that it should be sufficient to lay the foundations of communicative and intercultural competence of primary school students and to develop their ability and willingness to participate in the polylogue of cultures.  The multicultural aspect of the content of foreign languages education is considered as a set of skills developed for cultural observation, as well as culturological and linguocultural skills and experiences of the cultures of the target language country, Russia and the Republic, which is home to a primary school student, allowing him/her to build their verbal and nonverbal behavior with their foreign peers, and thus forming the status as the subject of the native cultures. The multicultural aspect includes three groups of skills and experiences. The first group (A) includes the skills of cultural observation and cross-cultural knowledge. The second Group (B) is constituted by proper cultural skills and experiences. In the third group (C) we deal with the linguoculturological skills to use names of countries, cities, holidays, and other specific words that form the Russian and world vocabulary, as well as linguoculturological experiences in the oral or written communication. The main purpose of the multicultural aspect is to introduce students to the culture of the target language country, to help them better understand the culture of their own country and their Republic, to develop their ability to see common and different in various cultures, as well as form the skills in written and oral communication to present their own culture by means of foreign language.

Keywords:

polylogue of linguocultures, the polycultural language education, polycultural aspect of the content of training, cultureoriented ability for the communication in a foreign language, cultural universal.

P. 161-170

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BACKGROUND OF THE EVOLUTIVE SETTING AND PERSONALITY-ORIENTED
TEACHING A FOREING LANGUAGE IN PRIMARY SCHOOL

Oberemko Olga G., Sokolova Yulia V.

Abstract.

The article reveals the peculiarities of the personality oriented approach while forming young learners’ cognitive interest to a foreign language to e develop the intercultural competence. The author gives arguments for the necessity of using the personality-oriented approach. The article considers the importance of the personality-oriented approach in the development of students’ creative abilities. The factors contributing to the creation of the personality-oriented approach at a foreign language lessons are viewed in detail, they are: social factors, psychological-pedagogical factors, and methodical factors. The article describes the results of the compulsory and supplementary education integration to improve the quality of a foreign language teaching in the conditions of realization of Federal state educational standard at primary school.

Keywords:

personality oriented approach, intercultural competence, a primary school pupil, a foreign language, integration, compulsory education, supplementary education.

P. 171-180 

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EMOTIONAL MEMORY AND ITS ROLE IN TEACHING YOUNG LEARNERS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE AS A COMMUNICATION TOOL BASED ON READING SCHOOL TEXTS

Solovtsova Ella I.

Abstract.

In this article the writer considers one of the memory types – emotional memory and its peculiarities. The writer points out its connection with cognitive processes and emphasizes the importance of this type of the memory and its characteristic – transcording perceived information when young learners are being taught to read and use English as a tool of direct and indirect communication at primary school.

Keywords:

memory, emotional memory, involuntary memorization, motivational factor, the condition of lasting learning.

P. 181-186

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REALIZATION OF THE IDEAS OF MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION IN TEACHING FOREIGN GRAMMAR TO FUTURE FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHERS

Shimichev Alexey S.

Abstract.

The article discusses the issue of multicultural development of students’ personalities in the process of foreign grammar training. It is noted that the links between culture and grammar are not that obvious, but nevertheless, they are important to the processes of cross-cultural communication. It also reveals the structure of the grammatical competence of a foreign language teacher with the regard to the intercultural component. A classification of special principles to organize the process of forming grammatical competence is proposed; it is oriented towards the study of grammatical phenomena and the cross-cultural aspect. The components of the contents of foreign grammar education are  presented, and the cross-cultural component of the selected components is disclosed. The described five-component system of exercises combines grammatical exercises, following the logic of the formation of grammar skills (language, speech-relative and speech), crossculture pointed tasks, as well as professionoriented exercises are described.

Keywords:

foreign language grammar, multicultural linguistic persona, contents of foreign grammar education, grammar training philosophy.

P. 187-194

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FORMATION OF DIDACTIC COMPETENCE OF FUTURE TEACHERS OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES WITHIN THE SYSTEM-SITUATIONAL APPROACH

Goncharuk Olga V.

Abstract.

It is necessary to make the essence of the notion of the “didactic competence” specific and to substantiate the necessity to develop the indicators of this competence maturity. It is also necessary to work out a list of criteria that specify some aspects of achievement, levels or standards while assessing the maturity of the students’ didactic competence. This supposed assessment is backed with the defining of the students’ professional traits that are to be developed in the process of university education. Clear assessment criteria are to be known and understood by students and teachers in advance. Such criteria may become the background of the situational tasks work out based on the system-situational approach. However, it is not only the students’ knowledge that is to be assessed, but also their professional experience as a component of thedidactic competence. The system-situational approach complements the activity approach to the formation of the methodological competence of future teachers of foreign languages, developed by G. V . Rogova.

Keywords:

theory of language teaching, approaches, methodological competence, active learning methods, criteria-based assessment, indicator.

P. 195-203

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THE EFFECTIVENESS OF INTERACTIVE METHODS OF TEACHING PROFESSIONAL ENGLISH TO STUDENTS OF NON-LINGUISTIC UNIVERSITIES

Nikolaeva Natalja N., Matorina Irina N.

Abstract.

The paper discusses the authors’ experience in applying interactive training methods in teaching professionally-oriented English to those students who do not major in linguistics at BMSTU. It takes into account the integrated learning methodological value of both professionally-oriented subjects and the English language. Special attention is given to such methods as the case study method, round table talk, and project activities; their reasonable practicality and efficiency in the professional oral and written language skills in the real business communication setting are considered. Students’ common communicative mistakes are assessed; some ways of their correction are discussed. We prove that the interactive training methods allow both to upgrade the students’ level of ESP communicative competence and to develop such valuable specialist traits as engineering system thinking, interpersonal and business communication skills, ability to work in team and independently, leadership, creativity, and determination.

Keywords:

interactive training methods, professionally-oriented foreign language training, project activities, case study method, round table talk, self-education, personal development.

P. 204-219

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COMMUNICATIVE-PRAGMATIC COMPETENCE AS AN OBJECT OF INTRAMURAL ASSESSMENT

Penkina Maria V.

Abstract.

This paper has a look at some current questions relating to the design of an effective model of intramural assessment of MA (Master of Arts) students’ communicative-pragmatic competence necessary for intercultural communication in academic settings. The author demonstrates the conceptualization of the notions intramural assessment and communicative-pragmatic competence. The special attention is given to revealing insights into the content of intramural assessment in terms of the Russian Federal requirements for MA students’ educational programmes and also taking into consideration some European practices in Tuning university educational structures. As a result, a methodological classification of intercultural academic communication skills, including micro-skills, as intramural assessment objects while preparing students in a Master’s degree training program in Linguistics is suggested.

Keywords:

intramural assessment, professionally oriented foreign communicative competence, communicative-pragmatic competence, sociocultural approach, intercultural communication.

P. 220-231

Innovative technologies in education
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PEDAGOGICAL TECHNOLOGIES AND THEIR MODELING IN THE EDUCATIONAL PRACTICE IN A UNIVERSITY

Bartosh Dana K.

Abstract.

The article views and summons up theoretical methods of using pedagogical technologies in the educational practice. The article deals with their practice-oriented modeling in HEIs in order to choose the most efficient methods and forms of the professional teacher training, it describes the experience of pedagogical technologies modeling in the foreign languages learning.

Keywords:

technology, pedagogical technologies, methods of teaching, professional training, pedagogical process modeling.

P. 232-239

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SOCIAL NET LANGUAGE AND NEW METHODS OF TEACHING BASED ON IT

Vasileva Margarita Ts.

Abstract.

The given article describes the genesis of a new method of communications in the XXI century. It appeared due to the active spreading of the Internet technologies and social nets. The author looks at this new ne language (called Frendish) thoroughly using the methods of traditional, modern grammarbased and semiotic approaches to study language-like systems; she also describes a few problems arisen in the research caused by the unique and unstable nature of the intralingual structures. The object of the research is the means of communication in the world’s most popular social net – Facebook, as well as those of Instagram. The author makes an attempt to point out the most frequent units of communication in the above mentioned nets. She also considers this new language and its usage to be an element of the compensatory competence, one of the most important constituents of the communicative approach to studying foreign languages. Further studies of the new net language are generally expected to be carried through mutual efforts of both, teachers and their students, who prove to be active users of Frendish.

Keywords:

Instagram, Facebook, social nets, compensatory competence, new language.

P. 240-247

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CRITICAL THINKING AS THE BASIS OF TEACHING CRITICAL READING TO STUDENTS OF LINGUISTIC FACULTIES

Fomenko Tatyana M.

Abstract.

The article is dedicated to the problem of teaching critical reading to students of foreign languages departments based on the technology of critical thinking. The technology of critical thinking supposes the development of such students’ skills as to analyze contents, style, linguistic form, to single out certain parts of a text (to orientate in structural and semantic organization of a text), to generalize, to compare and contrast facts, to make a conclusion, to estimate. In the article there are observed the peculiarities of a hermeneutical approach to teaching critical reading, there are singled out its principles , which can be the basis of teaching critical reading. The importance of an interpretation principle for teaching text comprehension is emphasized. This principle may be implemented through a student’s research work connected with the interpretation of semantic organization of a text on its different structural levels. 

Keywords:

critical thinking, critical reading, a hermeneutical approach, text comprehension, text interpretation.

P. 248-255

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DEVELOPMENT OF ASSESSMENT TOOLS FOR THE "SCIENTIFIC DISCUSSION IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE" COURSE

Glazov Andrey G.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to assessment tools for a special course of “Scientific Discussion in a Foreign Language”, which is suggested to be included into the foreign language education process in the linguistics master’s programs as part of students’ preparation for the scientific communication in a foreign language. Essential issues of master’s degree students preparation dealt with in the course are considered. A brief description of the students’ teaching peculiarity in the course is given, the course blocks are pointed out. The tasks of students’ evaluation are
shown. The assessed skills are presented. The system of speech skills evaluation in a training scientific discussion is revealed and grounded. Monitoring and evaluation material in a foreign language is collected and presented, ways of the language skills assessment are described. Correspondence scales between estimation  figures and marks given to students are offered. The conclusion is made about the objectivity of the formed assessment system and the possibility of its adaptation for the non-linguistic master’s programs. 

Keywords:

foreign language teaching methods, scientific discussion teaching methods, speech acts, assessment tools, master’s programs. 

P. 256-263

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COMMUNICATIVE AND THEATRE TECHNIQUES IN A FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHER’S EDUCATION

Kashina Elena G.

Abstract.

The article focuses on the aspects of training future teachers of English based on the Russian theater techniques. The elements of K. Stanislavski «system» help to develop communicative habits and skills, imagination, concentration of attention, creativity in the foreign language learning process.

Keywords:

communication, K. Stanislavski “system”, attention, non-verbal aspects of communication, costume semiotics, artistic quality, drama in teaching, inner psycho technique, physical actions.

P. 264-275

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OVERCOMING OF CROSS-LANGUAGE INTERFERENCE OF ENGLISH AS L1 IN THE PROGRAMS OF SPANISH AS L2: A STUDY OF SPANISH FUTURE TENSES

Ivanova Tatiana S.

Abstract.

This paper aims to develop a discrete system of exercises to overcome crosslanguage interference of English as L1 with Spanish as L2. In the process of our study, we employ the linguistic and methodological analysis which shows the zones of the crosslanguage interference that require special attention, as well as zones of the positive transfer. It is concluded that in order to acquire efficient language skills, the teacher of Spanish as L2 should take into account the lexicogrammatical structure of the English language as a source of the positive transfer and cross-language interference. We also prove the necessity of basing on the authentic Spanish materials.

Keywords:

linguistic interference, positive transfer, Spanish future tenses, Spanish as a second foreign language (L2), lexicogrammatical structure of a language.

P. 276-292

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THE SOLUTION OF A TYPICAL CREATIVE TASK BY MEANS OF A FOREIGN LANGUAGE IN ROBOTICS CLASSES AS ONE OF THE PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS FOR THE EDUCATION OF A STUDENT’S PERSONAL DIGNITY

Nesvetaeva Elena A., Temirkhanov Maksim R.

Abstract.

The article examines the interdisciplinary interaction of teachers of foreign languages, computer science and robotics, which is aimed at providing the pupils’ dignity in robotics classes by means of a foreign language.

Keywords:

interdisciplinary approach, pedagogics of self-development, robotics, schoolchildren’s self-development, typical creative task.

P. 293-299

Young scientists' vision
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GENDER AS A SOCIO-CULTURAL FEATURE OF A PERSON

Sokolov Vitalij Ju.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the study of a «gender» notion. Because of innumerous interpretations of this concept there was an attempt to collect, analyze and generalize the existing interpretations. Standard handbooks, dictionaries of such sciences as philosophy, sociology, sexology, psychology, psychiatry, pedagogy, were used in the research. Moreover the term interpretations by different authors were also taken into account. The article results in the analysis of similarities and differences of the notion definition coined in the dictionaries and the authors’ works.

Keywords:

assigned sex, relational sex, gender, gender studies, gender issues.

P. 300-307

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USE OF THE PERSONALITY TYPOLOGY FOR THE FORMATION OF AN INDIVIDUAL APPROACH TO PUPILS OF PRIMARY SCHOOL AGE

Pisarkina Elena V., Soldatova Olga G.

Abstract.

The article describes in brief personality types backed with the works of various scientists: Karl Gustav Jung, Anton Kempinski, Aushra Augustinavichyute. Also, the article suggests ways of using information about types of personality in the pedagogical environment collected by these scientists.

Keywords:

teacher, informational metabolism, individual approach, typology of personalities, group of aspects of personality, collective.

P. 308-312

 

Monday, 13 November 2017 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2017 № 5

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

 

№ 5-2017

 

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophic Sciences 09.00.00 
History of philosophy             
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HUMANISTIC POTENTIAL OF THE PEDAGOGICAL THOUGHT OF ISLAM

Zianshina Ravilya I.

Abstract.

The article discusses the educational system of the Middle East countries in terms of such cultural studies that can be regarded as Islamic state structure with deeply rooted sharia moral and ethical principles underpinning a centuries-old tradition of Islam and, as a result, the peculiar features in the way of thinking of people are set. The research defines the humanistic ideas in the pedagogical thoughts of Islam appealing to the Quranic texts. These ideas will allow one to create an adequate educational environment for the information society balancing the contradictions between tradition and innovation, on the one hand, and the cultural identity and society, as well as the inner world of the subject, on the other hand.

Keywords:

information society, humanistic values, educational activity, ethnic culture, Islam.

P. 9-15

 

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ON THE ISSUE OF D.S. MEREZHKOVSKY’S WORK IN THE CONTEXT OF THE SERBIAN-RUSSIAN ASSOCIATION BETWEEN 1920 AND 1940

Skorokhodova Svetlana I.

Abstract.

The article states that the Kingdom of Yugoslavia became the center of Russian emigration in the Balkans from 1920s till 1940s, the peculiarity of this emigration is emphasized: it was precisely the white emigration, that is, the Orthodox and the monarchical. The idea is substantiated that although Merezhkovsky seemed lonely and misunderstood in that environment, he was provided with both, material and moral support. The letter from the “Archive of Yugoslavia” in which the philosopher applied to the Serbian king for material assistance to publish his book is presented. It is shown, that his work was of particular interest to the Serbs, his works were actively published. Some of Merezhkovsky’s philosophical ideas have been analyzed in those works that were well known in the kingdom. It is alleged that they are largely born from the depth of the writer’s experiences, though being inspired by the Russian philosophical thought. The peculiarity of Merezhkovsky’s philosophical position is revealed: on the one hand, he called for a spiritual rebirth which should entail bodily immortality, on the other – he predicted a worldwide death. It is emphasized that some of his ideas of the emigrant period are relevant nowadays. Conclusions are drawn that Merezhkovsky’s philosophical views of this period, although peculiar, are close to the religious trend of existentialism; that in general it is necessary to study the legacy of the Russian emigration.

Keywords:

Merezhkovsky, Alexander I Karageorgievich, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Russian emigration, Apocalypse, Atlantis, freedom, evil, death, religious existentialism.

P. 16-25

 

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S. I. HESSEN`S PHILOSOPHICAL THEORY OF EDUCATION

Deryuga Vardan E.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the original philosophical model of education in the concept of S. I. Gessen, a Russian scientist and an educationalist of the Russian Abroad pedagogics. The balance between education and up-bringing, education and culture is viewed; the education objections in various layers of the Man’s being are defined. 

Keywords:

S. I. Hessen, up-bringing, education, nature, culture.

P. 26-32

 

 

Philosophy of history
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“THE CONCEPT OF A NEW EDUCATIONAL AND METHODICAL COMPLEX ON NATIONAL HISTORY”: PROLEGOMENA TO MODERN PHILOSOPHY OF HISTORY OF RUSSIA

Belyaev Dmitry A.

Abstract.

The author analyzes “The concept of a new educational and methodical complex on national history”, the basic valuable principles and the methodological bases of which are considered as the basis for designing an actual
model of philosophy of history of Russia. It turns out that “the assessment factor” in the “Concept” is prior to the phenomenology of historical knowledge. The “Concept” also approves the principles of the multilevel and multiple-factor design of a historical narrative with an emphasis on the anthropological and culturological approaches. The conclusion is at the same time drawn that in the “Concept” the conflict of interests, that is in-system for the domestic philosophy of history, between the state and an individual which can essentially correct a modality of design of a historical narrative isn’t resolved.

Keywords:

national history concept, history of Russia, philosophy of history, historiosophy, multiple-factor history, “difficult questions of history of Russia”.

P. 33-40

     

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00 
Educational psychology
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FEATURES OF A PRESCHOOL CHILD’ SELF-PRESENTATION

Zhuravleva Inna A.

Abstract.

The findings of self-presentation in the history and culture are given. The definition of self-presentation as a phenomenon, implicated in the development of a personality, is presented. The peculiarities of selfintroduction through the structure of a child`s consciousness in the preschool age are featured. The typology of children personality is provided.

Keywords:

appropriation, identification, separation, children’s personality, selfpresentation.

P. 41-52

  

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STUDY OF EMOTIONAL STABILITY OF TEENAGERS IN THE CONTEXT
OF A CHILD-PARENT RELATIONSHIP

Aygumova Zagrat I.

Abstract.

The article presents a theoretical analysis of the concept of emotional stability of an individual. Ontogenetic features of development of the emotional stability of a teenager are considered. The internal and external factors of the development of the emotional stability in adolescence are studied. The results of an empirical study of the features of a child-parent relationship in the “motherchild” system are presented. The connection of the emotional stability of teenagers with such characteristics of a child-parent relationship as positive interest, hostility, directivity, autonomy and inconsistency is studied.

Keywords:

emotional stability, self-regulation, self-control, child-parent relationship.

P. 53-63

 

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FORMING CALCULATION SKILLS OF SCHOOLCHILDREN IN THE CONTEXT
OF PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH

Smirnova Albina A.

Abstract.

In this article the author analyzes schoolchildren’s counting skills formation. A system of constructing calculation exercises according to the levels of cognitive awareness developed by the author of the article is offered. Levels of cognitive awareness are correlated with productive thinking flexibility, and their association is substantiated. The article elicits the opportunities to form the elements of the analytical component of the operational thinking while teaching how to solve calculation tasks.

Keywords:

levels of cognitive awareness, genetic basis of errors, flexibility of thinking, analytical component of operational thinking.

P. 64-71

 

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CHOICE REALITY AS AN IMPORTANT FACTOR IN AGENCY REALIZATION IN THE CONTEXT OF PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE BACHELOR PROGRAMS STUDENTS

Obukhov Alexey S.; Zhukova Elena V.

Abstract.

The article discusses the psychology of decision making: the major external and internal factors that influence a student’s decision making are analyzed; the necessity of introducing a situation of real decision making into the learning process is substantiated. A choice experiment conducted under the auspices of Moscow State University of Education (MSPU) is described: the principles,  rules, feedback, stages of the organization as well of the psychological and pedagogical support of students are drawn. 

Keywords:

psychology of decision making, higher vocational education, choice, agency.

P. 72-90

 

 

Medical psychology 
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EYE MOVEMENT DESENSITIZATION AND REPROCESSING (EMDR) AND THE THEORY OF STRUCTURAL DISSOCIATION OF THE PERSONALITY (TSDP) WHILE DEALING WITH SEVERE TRAUMA

Kazennaya Elena V.; Divid Ekaterina K.

Abstract.

This article presents a modern and science-based method of psychotherapy – Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) based on the model of adaptive information processing (AIP).The article provides a rationale for taking into consideration  the theory of structural dissociation of the personality (TSDP) while working with а severe mental trauma. 

Keywords:

EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing), Adaptive Information Processing (AIP) Model, theory of structural dissociation of the personality, dissociation.  

P. 91-98

  

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00
Modernization of education
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ON THE ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF EDUCATION IN A UNIVERSITY

Yelshansky Serguei P.

Abstract.

The article discusses the evaluation of the effectiveness and quality of the University education. The approach to evaluating the effectiveness of education currently used by the Ministry of education and science of the Russian Federation is described, the assessment criteria used in this approach are analyzed. Opinions on this question of various experts’ are presented, their approaches are analyzed. The conclusion is drawn that, in general, an effective system of evaluation of the effectiveness of education in the Russian universities doesn’t exist yet, although there is an understanding of the need for such a system, and of some ideas on criteria for such an evaluation. Original proposals for criteria to evaluate the effectiveness of the University are presented. 

Keywords:

higher professional education, evaluation of the effectiveness of higher education, criteria of efficiency of education, quality of education, efficiency of activity of a University.

P. 99-108

 

Theory of education
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MODERN EDUCATION: FUNCTIONS AND MISSION 

Kasatkin Petr I.

Abstract.

The article attempts to analyze key conceptual views on the future of education in the Western world, concludes that most of them are of a utilitarian and technocratic nature, while the axiological aspect of education is either disrespected or significantly ignored. Education as an integral part of the world sociocultural space in recent decades has undergone a serious rethinking by the intellectual community. The process of globalization and the serious transformations caused by it, primarily in the economic sphere, the formation of a new postindustrial innovation economy, undoubtedly require changes in the field of training, make us think about the goals of education and its functions. 

Keywords:

education, culture, innovative economy, knowledge economy, university, postmodernism, globalization.

P. 109-120

 

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GERMANY: METHODOLOGY OF INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDY IN THE FIELD OF EDUCATION

Pisareva Ludmila I.

Abstract.

The work dwells upon the scientific and social conditionality of transformation system of scientific knowledge and its main signs, the general characteristic is given to the German research establishments conducting cross-disciplinary research in education, an assessment of their infrastructure, methodology, and the basic principles of coordination of scientific activity. 

Keywords:

transformation, cross-disciplinaryresearch, project, humanities, education, methodology, methods.

P. 121-133

 

 

History of education and pedagogy
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MODERN APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF HISTORY OF THE PEDAGOGICAL THOUGHT IN RUSSIA OF THE FIRST HALF OF THE XIX CENTURY 

Polovetsky Sergey D.

Abstract.

The article offers some new approach to the study of domestic pedagogical thought in the first half of the nineteenth century. It is noted that this time, despite all the difficulties and contradictions, is a period of sustained,
intensive development of the national system of education when the education of people took place in a row of tasks of national importance. It is emphasized that joint efforts of the state and the educational community in the first half of the XIX century established a unified national teaching school, a diverse and very productive one judging by the essence of the problems covered and the way they were solved. It became the Foundation for the subsequent formation and flourishing of the Russian pedagogical thought of the second half of the XIX – beginning of the XX century that received the international and European recognition. 

Keywords:

Russian history, education, reforms, pedagogical idea, universities. 

P. 134-142

 

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PROBLEMS OF THE NATIONAL EDUCATION AND UPBRINGING IN THE HERITAGE OF RUSSIAN LIBERAL MASTERMINDS OF THE EARLY 19TH CENTURY

Ovchinnikov Anatoly V.

Abstract.

The article analyzes socio-political and socio-pedagogical views of representatives of the Russian liberalism in the first quarter of the 19th century. I. P. Pnin and I. M. Yastrebtsov did not have senior positions in the government system of the country, but were included into the circle of those close to the emperor Alexander I, who consistently pursued the policy of inculcating Western political ideas and values onto the Russian ground. The creativity of these two figures of Russian socio-political thought is the commitment to implement the intellectual development of a human according to the ideals  of the Western philosophy. At the same time, their work shows a consistent manifestation of sense of patriotism, respect for Russian culture, a sincere desire to benefit the motherland and its people, the achievement of which is possible, according to I. P. Pnin and I. M. Yastrebtsov, through the basis of education and upbringing on the ideals of the European Enlightenment.

Keywords:

value orientations of the national education, history of the Russian education and pedagogics at the beginning of the 19th century, views of Russian liberals on education and upbringing, I. P. Pnin, I. M. Yastrebtsov.

P. 143-150 

 

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SPIRITUAL AND MORAL ASPECTS AS THE EDUCATIONAL BASIS IN THE WRITINGS OF THE HIERARCHS IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY 

Belenchuk Larisa N.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the educational ideas of the three hierarchs of the mid-19th century, who had not only theological knowledge and spiritual practice, but also a wide teaching experience, enabling them to have a serious impact on up-bringing of their time. This article examines key pedagogical thoughts of Metropolitan Innokentiy’s (Popov-Veniaminov), Bishop Ignaty’s (Brianchaninov) and Metropolitan Filaret’s (Drozdov), connected with spiritual and moral grounds of up-bringing. The article discusses the main issues the authors were exploring during their lifetime: education of non-Russian peoples, exposure  to up-bringing of higher society in Russia, the idea of Christian up-bringing in public policy in Russia.

Keywords:

Metropolitan Filaret, Metropolitan Innokentiy, Bishop Ignatiy, spiritual education, history of education.

P. 151-162

 

 

New Research in Education
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PROBLEMS OF MODERN TEACHING RUSSIAN TO BACHELOR STUDENTS FROM THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA IN THE MULTICULTURAL EUROASIAN SPACE

Ljan Tjing; Tregubova Ljudmila V.; Boldova Tatjana A.

Abstract.

In article views social change taking place in the conditions of expanding cross-cultural language speaking cooperation between Russia and China which make acute the multi-pronged problem of improvement of quality of preparing students from the People’s Republic of China. However, an important factor in training effectiveness is an integrative and interdisciplinary character of the professional performance of the future experts determined by the necessity to improve the process of teaching Russian as a foreign language.

Keywords:

Russian as a foreign language, environment of communication in the Eurasian space, cross-cultural communication, complex of interactive tasks.

P. 163-171

 

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CELEBRATIONS OF THE RUSSIAN STUDENTS COMMUNITY

Dorokhina Rimma V.

Abstract.

The article views a topic of student celebrations held by the Russian student community for a longtime. Student days are a time of self-identification and selfdetermination. Student celebrations are necessary to show activity, to reveal one’s creativity, to establish one’s own history and traditions. The origin of student celebrations in Russia, from the Russian Students Day that is deeply connected with the foundation of Moscow State University to student initiation ceremonies, is shown. The article reveals the meaning of many traditions and ceremonies including those that come from medieval Europe and are not so much a tribute to tradition but carry a certain sacral-scholastic meaning and are mostly adjusted to new courses and disciplines. 

Keywords:

Russian student community, holidays, traditions, customs. 

P. 172-177

 

Innovative Technologies in Education
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DISTANCE LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES IN THE SYSTEM OF PRESCHOOL EDUCATION:SCIENTIFIC APPROACHES AND PERSPECTIVE DEVELOPMENT 

Fedina Nina V.; Burmykina Irina V.; Zvezda Lyudmila M.; Pikalova Oksana S.; Skudnev Dmitry M.; Voronin Ilya V.

Abstract.

The article reflects the scientific approaches and prospects for the use of distance learning technologies (DLTs) in the system of preschool education. Insufficient development of scientific-theoretical foundations and didactic opportunities of the DLTs complicates the process of using DLTs in the system of preschool education. Modern scientific research studies and newspaper articles reflect the main directions and features of DLT use in preschool educational organizations (PEOs). However, there is no unity among foreign and domestic scholars in the
scientific approaches and terminology of DLTs.  The article proposes to consider such scientific approaches to the DOTs use as axiological, person-centered, system-activity, technological and complex, which are the justification of the effective use of DLTs in the system of preschool education. 

Keywords:

distance learning, distance education, distance education technologies, ICT technologies, DLTs theoretical and methodological approaches.

P. 178-188

 

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TEACHERS AND PARENTS’ INTERACTION IN THE PROCESS OF FORMING UP
THE PRESCHOOL CHILDREN’S IT CULTURE

Kalinina Tatiana V.

Abstract.

The article reveals the problem of organization of productive pedagogical interaction between the preschool teachers and pupils’ parents, so as to form the initial bases of IT culture in children of the senior preschool age. The author presents the data on the current state of the problem of the use of information and communication technology (ICT) tools in the family environment. The main methods of children’s health-saving in the process of the ICT use in the family education are given. Methodical recommendations for parents and preschool teachers on the formation of IT culture bases in children of senior preschool age have been defined. 

Keywords:

Interaction of preschool teachers and pupils’ parents, setting up pre-school children’s basic IT culture, health saving, IT culture, Information Technology. 

P. 189-195

 

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THE IMPORTANCE OF ELECTRONIC INFORMATION RESOURCES IN EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES OF HIGHER SCHOOL

Nikitina Eugenia O.; Alpatova Olga B.

Abstract.

On the basis of requirements of the legislation of the Russian Federation in order to improve organization and quality of the educational process, providing access to education for all categories of students, it is necessary to introduce electronic information resources in the educational activities of Moscow University of the MIA of Russia named after V. J. Kikot. The authors of the article point out that the library of Moscow University of the MIA of Russia named after V. J. Kikot has improved the quality and speed of their service by providing the users with the library electronic information resources and expanding the list of service. The article says that the implementation of educational programs using e-learning requires creating conditions for the functioning of the electronic information educational environment, including electronic information resources, electronic learning resources, a set of information technologies and the appropriate technological means, which will promote the development of educational programs in full volume irrespective of the users’ location.

Keywords:

electronic information educational environment, electronic information resources, e-learning, electronic learning resources, electronic database of teaching materials, electronic log book of attendance and progress, a set of information technologies and technological tools.

P. 196-205

 

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MUSEUM’S PARTICIPATION IN SCHOOL CLASSES: FIELD TRIPS TO THE STATE BIOLOGY MUSEUM NAMED AFTER K. A. TIMIRYAZEV

Antipushina Zhanna A.

Abstract.

The present paper is devoted to the field trips practice followed by the State Biology Museum named after K. A. Timiryazev.The article provides a brief description of the adjusted excursions; peculiarities of their arrangement and organization are drawn. The classes held by the museum educators may be considered as an acute form of the learning process organization assigned to develop the students’ cognition interest. Such programs contribute to the integration of the museum into the educational process. 

Keywords:

museum, museum pedagogy, field trips, Biology, Environmental Studies. 

P. 206-213

 

Young Scientists Vision
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ANALYSIS OF THE EXPERIMENTAL WORK ON IMPROVEMENT OF THE PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF THE RUSSIAN NGT STUDENTS WITH THE USE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

Kozlov Oleg A.

Abstract.

The given paper reviews the contents of the ascertaining and forming stages of the experimental work on the improvement of the professional training of the RF national guard troops cadets with the help of information and communication technologies, as well as the stages and results of the experimental work. 

Keywords:

professional training, professional readiness, national guard troops, experimental work.

P. 214-224

Monday, 04 September 2017 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION № 4 2017

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 4-2017

CONTENTS

 

 

 

 Philosophic Sciences 09.00.00
History of philosophy
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THE DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICAL RATIONALITY IN POLITICAL PHILOSOPHIES OF THE REFORMATION 

Chaly Vadim A.


Abstract.  

The paper examines the rational contents of political views espoused by Luther and Calvin, defines their role in the process of rationalization of the politics during early modernity. In contrast to the established view of the Reformation political theories as based on the Christian ethics of nonresistance to secular authorities the article proposes the independence of their political constructs, rationality and specificity of their ideas in the political sphere, intensity and feasibility of their understanding of political actors’ motivation as well as the political situation of the day. Theories of the Reformers are viewed as an important stage of the general process of rationalization of political theories, taking parallel course to thinkers of the Italian Renaissance and greatly influencing later fully-fledged moral and political theories of Hobbes, Locke, and Kant among others. The analysis of Luther’s early political works “To the Christian Nobility of the German Nation” (1520), “A Sincere Admonition by Martin Luther to All Christians to Guard Against Insurrection and Rebellion” (1522), “On the Temporality” (1523), is presented. Two lines of his reasoning, one theological, the other prudential, rational are revealed. It is proved that the latter stands independently from the theological arguments; veiled by the Christian ethics of nonresistance appeals to the secular authorities (German noblemen) to change the power of the keys backed with a detailed program of action are shown. The same work is done on the political thesis of concluding chapters of Calvin’s “Institutes of the Christian Religion”. 

Keywords: 

political rationality, Reformation, Luther, Calvin, problem of nonresistance, realism.

P. 9-17

 

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SOCIO-PHILOSOPHICAL DOCTRINE AND PEDAGOGICAL VIEWS OF JOHN LOCKE

Milovanov Konstantin Yu.


Abstract. 

The article is devoted to the analysis of socio-philosophical and pedagogical views of John Locke, an outstanding British enlightener. The philosophical doctrine of the individual, the state and society, sensualistic epistemology, empirical psychology, the concept of the education of a gentleman and the project of creating parochial schools for the children of working men are examined.

Keywords: 

the Age of Enlightenment, John Locke, history of education, history of philosophy, education, upbringing.

P. 18-26

 

Educational philosophy

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ACTIVE FORMS OF TEACHING PHILOSOPHY IN A UNIVERSITY

Gusev Dmitrii V., Esipova Nadezhda D.

Abstract. 

It is stated in the paper that the philosophy as the quintessence of culture plays a fundamental role in higher education and in the realization of the creative potential of man in the sphere of cognition. This role of philosophy is especially relevant in connection with the effect of negative social factors, which influence the direction of development of education in modern society. Particular attention is paid to the following: excessive cognitive load at an early stage of the child’s development, which prevents the fullfledged emotional and social development; adominance of economic values in the public  consciousness; strengthening tendencies of narrow specialization and more rigid regulation in education. Thus, the article sets the goal to identify the specifics of teaching philosophy in a university in the context of the formation of motivational orientation of students, creating an environment for the students’ personal emotional involvement in teaching and educational activities. Such a role of philosophy can be effectively realized through the use of active forms of teaching, which contribute to the development of creative thinking. The potential and pedagogical effects of such an active form of teaching as a communicative game in teaching philosophy are analyzed.

Keywords: 

teaching philosophy in a university, active forms of education, game techniques, communicative game, motivation of educational activities.

P. 27-34

 

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SPECIFICS OF COMMUNICATIONS IN THE INFORMATION EDUCATIONAL SPACE (AXIOLOGICAL ASPECT)

Alexandrova Zoya A.

Abstract. 

In article the author raises the problem of forming an individual in the information society. A number of specific peculiarities of modern socialization in the conditions of unlimited information facilities that do not comply with the requirements of developmental psychology are revealed as well. The author examines the ethical aspects of information communication in the virtual space.

Keywords: 

individual, information society, information communications, a personality upbringing, ethics, morality, the moral aspect.

P. 35-40

 

 Psychology Sciences 19.00.00 

 

Educational Psychology
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MODERNIZATION OF PEDAGOGICAL EDUCATION ON THE BASIS OF

L. S. VYG OTSKY’S IDEAS OF CULTURAL AND HISTORICAL PSYCHOLOGY

Obukhov Alexey S.

Abstract. 

The article focuses on the reflection of experience of modernizing pedagogical education on the basis of practical realization of L. S. Vygotsky’s ideas of cultural and historical psychology. It is shown how the basic ideas of L. S. Vygotsky (such ideas as the development as mastering of culture, age, a ratio of education and development in the zone of proximal development, about change of the social situation of development and crises of growing, about roundabout ways of development, about causal life history, about the highest mental functions, about everyday and conceptual thinking, etc.) can become a methodological basis for designing the process of teacher training for variable practice of the developing education. «From action to a thought» and social constructivism as a way of activity in a situation of uncertainty and variability became the fundamental principles of modernization of the pedagogical education.

Keywords: 

pedagogical education, cultural and historical psychology, reflection, mastering of culture, age, social situation of learning and development, social constructivism.

P. 41-60

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ON THE CAPABILITIES AND LIMITATIONS OF THE INTELLIGENCE TESTS

Bogoyavlenskaya Diana B., Zhukova Elena S., Nizovtsova Anna N.

Abstract. 

The article compares the data of diagnosis using the “Creative field” method and the Raven’s test (Colored and Advanced progressive matrices) on two groups of subjects: pre-school / primary school children (n = 103) and adults (n = 70). The correlation between the success of mastering the material of the “Creative Field” (the time of finding the way to solve problems, the speed of fulfilling, the number of errors, etc.) and the results of Raven’s Progressive Matrices test was found. However, gifted examinees who acted in their own way did not differ in their intelligence level from those who mastered the given activity successfully but remained within the set requirements. The results of the conducted study do not allow to view the high scores in Raven’s Progressive Matrices as a criterion for the identification and prediction of giftedness.

Keywords: 

giftedness, creativity, intellectual activity, intellect, testing.

P. 61-71

 

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 

 

Modernization of education
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SOME CHARACTERISTICS OF MODERN EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS IN RUSSIAN REGIONS

Vachkov Igor V.

Abstract. 

The article presents the results of the study conducted in 25 educational organizations of 5 regions of the Russian Federation. The aim of the research was to study the characteristics of effective educational organizations in Russian regions which have implemented the methods, techniques and technologies of training and education that reflect the modern trends of education. Each educational organization turns out to have one or more success areas, but
none is effective in all studied areas.

Keywords: 

modern educational organizations, the success of education, characteristics of educational organizations, directions of education, trends of education development.

P. 72-83

 

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FORMATION OF NETWORK COMMUNITIES IN THE SPHERE OF HIGHER EDUCATION UNDER GLOBALIZATION CONDITIONS

Neborskiy Egor V.

Abstract. 

The article analyzes a relatively new trend in the formation of networked communities in the sphere of foreign higher education in the context of globalization. Three groups of network communities are identified. Professional learning networks – are unique systems of interaction, consisting of people, spaces and tools that support the training and professional growth of teachers. Educational network communities – are selforganizing communities on a platform with
open educational resources. Partner network communities – are network communities that are developing on the digital platform specially created for this purpose by joint efforts of independent universities. A hypothesis on the dispersion of higher education and the positioning of network communities by agents of change has been put forward.

Keywords: 

universities, higher education dispersion, network communities, educational platforms, digital technologies, globalization.

P. 83-93

 

Theory of Education
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CHILDREN’S READINESS FOR LEARNING WRITING AND READING: CONCEPTS AND RESULTS OF A STUDY

Almazova Anna A., Babina Galina V., Lyubimova Marina M., Solovyova Tatyana A.

Abstract. 

The article analyzes the conceptual strategies and results of monitoring the current assessment methods that evaluate the maturity of the functional base of writing and reading. The article presents the structure and the outline of the operation layout of the assessment of children’s readiness for literacy education. Testing the operation layout detected different readiness levels of mastering writing and reading skills by children of the studied category.

Keywords: 

preschool and primary-school children, readiness to learn writing and reading, operation layout, testing, readiness levels for literacy education, inclusive education.

P. 94-113

  

History of Pedagogy and Education 
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REASONING OF RUSSIAN EDUCATION PERSPECTIVES BY AN OUTSTANDING RUSSIAN EDUCATOR AND ENLIGHTENER – V. F. ODOEVSKY

Boguslavskiy Mikhail V.

Abstract. 

The article gives a generalized description of the pedagogical views of V. F. Odoevsky, an outstanding Russian enlightener and educator of the nineteenth century. The article summarizes his futurological views on the prospects for the development of the Russian education which have great prognostic significance.

Keywords: 

V. F. Odoevsky, history of the Russian education, Russian Pedagogy of the nineteenth century, forecasting.

P. 114-123

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REGULATION OF CHILDREN’S READING IN RUSSIA IN THE XIX – EARLY XX CENTURIES: PROBLEMS OF THEORY

Lisovich Vera N.

Abstract. 

This article focuses on the historical and pedagogical overview of the family, state and public regulation of children’s reading in pre-revolutionary Russia. This article can be of interest to teachers, students of pedagogical institutions of higher education, post-graduate students and children’s reading researchers.

Keywords: 

regulation of children’s reading, the Holy Synod, the Ministry of national education, the Military Ministry, government censorship, reference lists, public regulation.

P. 124-134

 

  

New Research in Education 
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ANALYSIS OF THE RESEARCHES IN THE AREA OF PEDAGOGICAL PROJECTING

Enygin Dmitrii V.

Abstract. 

The author of the article analyses different approaches to the notion of pedagogical projecting in modern researches and renders the structure and algorithms of this notion in the works of different scientists.

Keywords: 

projecting, pedagogical projecting, project skills.

P. 135-141

 

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ASSESSMENT OF THE QUALITY OF PRESCHOOL EDUCATION UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF ITS STANDARDIZATION

Boguslavskaya Tatiyana N.

Abstract. 

The article reveals the potential of the main approaches and areas of assessing the quality of modern preschool education in the context of introducing the Federal State Educational Standards in preschool education on the basis of the analysis of the theory and practice of preschool education.

Keywords: 

system of pre-school education, quality of preschool education, assessment of the quality of preschool education, approaches to assessing the quality of preschool education, the areas of assessing the quality of preschool education.

P. 142-149

 

Innovative Technologies in Education
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MODULE AND RATING SYSTEM OF TEACHING PHYSICS TO FOREIGN STUDENTS ON A PRE-UNIVERSITY LEVEL

Bereznyak Yury L., Oleshko Tamara V., Scherbakova Tatyana K., Ignatenko Vera Z., Makuha Svetlana I.

Abstract. 

The article explores several questions of a module and rating system of teaching Physics to medical students who are foreigners on a pre-university level with the help of modern training methods and techniques; this system facilitates the raise of general education level of Russian as a foreign language.

Keywords: 

module and rating system, foreign students, pre-university level, Physics, Russian as a foreign language.

P. 150-160 

 

Young Scientists Vision
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UNIVERSITY INSPECTION AND ITS ROLE IN THE FORMATION OF THE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM OF THE SPECIALIZED SCHOOLS IN THE EDUCATIONAL DISTRICTS IN THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE OF THE FIRST HALF OF THE 19th CENTURY

Biziaeva Natalia V.

Abstract. 

This article discusses the way of formation and development of the management system of the university inspection of specialized schools in educational districts in Russia in the early XIXth century, and it also covers the process of a university graduate’s realization as a teacher.

Keywords:

pedagogical education, institute, control, inspector, management, system, specialized schools.

P. 161-166

 

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION № 3 2017

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 3-2017

CONTENTS

 

 

 

 Philosophic Sciences 09.00.00
History of philosophy
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THE EVOLUTION OF CULTURE AND PRIORITIES IN THE FIELD OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE: THE PROBLEM OF ANTHROPOLOGISM AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENCE

Butov Aleksandr Yu.


Abstract.  

The article on the extensive historical and cultural material deals with the process of change, shifting the focus of scientific knowledge from anthropocentric to sociocentric, most clearly seen in the period of the New time – era, which had a huge impact on the formation and development of scientific thought. In direct relationship with the spheres of culture and art, the basic periods and stages of the formation of European science are examined; the influence of cultural policy of the state on the society outlook is traced. Science, in this case, is represented as a complex sociocultural phenomenon which, in the presence of a certain immanent logic of development, in the framework of its public implementation is determined by the nature of culture and by the influence of the state system that sums thegeneral orientation of research interests and, to some extent, the approaches to understanding the world.

Keywords: 

education, culture, architecture, baroque, classicism, empire, Antiquity, aesthetics, rationality.

P. 9-22

 

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AT THE ORIGINS OF THE “KINGDOM OF MIND”: J.-J. ROUSSEAU’S PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIO-PEDAGOGICAL VIEWS

Milovanov Konstantin Yu.


Abstract. 

The article is devoted to the analysis of J.-J. Rousseau’s philosophical and socio-pedagogical views. The great French enlightener’s philosophical doctrine of the state and society, the theory of natural upbringing and the concept of patriotic upbringing are considered.

Keywords: 

the Age of Enlightenment, J.-J. Rousseau, history of education, history of philosophy, upbringing.

P. 23-32

 

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00 
Educational Psychology
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ON THE ISSUE OF THE PSYCHOLOGY STUDENTS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS MONEY

Kochetkov Nikita V.

Abstract. 

The article raises the question of what psychological problems are triggered for representatives of socionomic professions by socio-economic changes. The theoretical aspect of this issue concerning motivation for the professional activity, as well as the empirical one, is considered. The student sample shows the specificity of the future psychologists’ attitude towards money. It is proven that the intensity of the attitude towards money in this group of respondents is lower than that of students’ of the technical profile of training, but in the case of the first group the attitude towards money is interrelated with the intention of life-purpose orientations,
while in the second group it is not. In addition, it is demonstrated that in the market economy
psychology students may experience cognitive dissonance as a result of a collision of differently directed motivations towards their professional activity.

Keywords: 

motivation, socionomic professions, attitude towards money, student community.

P. 33-38

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AKMEOGRAMM AS AN EFFECTIVE METHOD OF INDIVIDUALIZATION OF BUILDING THE PROFESSIONAL “STAIRS” OF THE FUTURE TEACHER

Urazova Marina B., Umrikhina Viktoria I.

Abstract. 

The article describes an innovative method – an acmeogram – that is capable of highlighting the dynamics of the growth of professional skills; identifying the factors that impede this growth; establishing the features of changing the motivational sphere; eliciting the dynamics of personal development and what facilitates or hinders this; identifying the kind of psychotechnologies that is expedient to apply for the personal and professional development
of the future teacher.

Keywords: 

acmeology, akmeogramma, educator and innovator, simulation, training, future teacher.

P. 39-44 

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 
Modernization of education
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DEVELOPMENT OF COMPETITIVE EDUCATIONAL PRODUCTS IN THE SPHERE
OF HIGHER EDUCATION: METHODOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS

Boguslavskiy Mikhail V., Neborskiy Egor V.

Abstract. 

The article deals with the strategy of methodological studies (in the field of comparative studies) in terms of the technologies of designing competitive educational products by Russian universities in the context of globalization crisis. The priority tasks as well as mechanisms of extrapolation of foreign colleagues’ experience to the national  university education area are designated. The article is of a survey character.

Keywords: 

educational products, online courses and educational modules, crisis ofglobalization, research methodology.

P. 45-51

 

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TECHNOLOGY OF RESEARCH IN EDUCATION QUALITY AND INDICATORS
OF ITS DEVELOPMENT LEVEL (DLE, DLHP)

Pisareva Ludmila I.

Abstract. 

The technology of research in education quality as a pedagogical category is evaluated in the article, the practice of using the indicators of the development level of education are described, a role and value of various factors of influence on pupils’ achievements and assessment of their general education preparation results in the international comparative progress researches by PISA (2000–2014) is defined.

Keywords: 

quality of education, technology of research, pedagogical measurement, factor, domination, transformations, indicator of development of education.

P. 52-63

 

History of Pedagogy and Education

 

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THE 1920s RUSSIAN IMMIGRANT TEACHERS’ DISCUSSION ABOUT THE POSSIBILITY OF BOYS AND GIRLS SCHOOL CO-EDUCATION

Shevchenko Valery A.

Abstract. 

The article features the discussion about the possibility of boys and girls school coeducation which was carried out in the 1920s by Russian immigrant teachers. The publication
is urged to fill the lack of special research on the attitude of the pedagogical public of the Russian emigre community towards this issue.

Keywords: 

co-education, school, Russian immigration, discussion, educational conventions.

P. 64-69

 

New Research in Education 
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TAXONOMY OF LEARNING OBJECTIVES FOR THE MODERN LEARNING PROCESS IN THE SYSTEM OF VOCATIONAL AND HIGHER EDUCATION

Musaeva Nodira N., Avliyakulov Nizom X.

Abstract. 

The necessity of introducing further two categories – imagination and attitude – to B. Bloom taxonomy of educational objectives is grounded; which meets the requirements of the modern society.

Keywords: 

a modern learning process, learning objective, taxonomy, information society, cognition, imagination, attitude.

P. 76-81

 

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PEDAGOGICAL FEATURES OF FORMING THE CUSTOMS OFFICERS’ PERSONALITY SPIRITUAL QUALITIES

Akramova Shakhnoza A.

Abstract. 

Ideological immunity building is of a particular relevance in the context of globalization ideological processes. The author reveals some pedagogical features of this process in terms of training of future customs service employees. The paper recommends some ways of enriching the content of ideological education aimed at strengthening the students’ ideological immunity. The methods and organizational forms focused on increasing the efficiency of social factors of
education as well as the criteria of efficiency of ideological education of future customs service
employees are suggested.

Keywords: 

ideological immunity, ideological education, training effectiveness, evaluation criteria, customs, spirituality, integration of educational factors.

P. 82-86 

 

Innovative Technologies in Education
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SCHOOL TRAINING IN GEOGRAPHY: THEORETICAL ANALYSIS AND PERSPECTIVES OF DEVELOPMENT

Norboev Abdurakhmon G.

Abstract. 

The article reveals the value of school training in geography; its current state is analyzed. A number of recommendations for improving the quality and effectiveness of training in geography as well as enhancing its social significance are offered.

Keywords: 

school training in geography, improvement of quality and effectiveness of teaching geography, organizational and pedagogical mechanisms, modern contents of geographical education, information educational environment, geographical culture, geography and vocational orientation, geography and environmental education, methods of teaching geography.

P. 87-92

 

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EFFECTIVE PROSPECTS OF THE CONTEXTUAL TECHNIQUE IN TRAINING
INTENDED MILITARY SPECIALISTS

Alimardanov Zahid Sh.

Abstract.  

The article considers the contextual training technique that models professional activity in the educational process, gives future military specialists a correct and complete idea of the future professional operation, and allows them to master the activities so well that provides a smooth transition to performing their professional duties.

Keywords: 

contextual training technique, future military specialists, learning play, problembased situation, professional problems solving.

P. 93-98

 

Young Scientists Vision
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COACHING AS A MANAGEMENT STYLE IN A PRESCHOOL EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATION

Abdrashitova Lubov B.

Abstract. 

The article discusses the possibility of using coaching as a management technologyin the management of pre-school educational institution.

Keywords:

coach, coaching, personal coaching, business coaching, corporate coaching, effective communication, active listening, openended questions.

P. 99-115

 

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ORGANIZATION OF EDUCATION IN THE LAW OF STUDENTS IN THE MODERN SCHOOL LIBRARY

Tretyakov Andrey L.

Abstract. 

The article features some organizational aspects of education in the law of students in the conditions of a library at a modern educational institution. There change the educational paradigm is outlined. New requirements for a modern school graduate are described. Regulatory and legal framework that makes the education in the law necessary for the younger generation is revealed. Potential organizational aspects of forming the students’ information and legal culture in a virtual environment are presented.

Keywords:

education in the law, modern school library, educational organization, a school center for legal information, legal information portal.

P. 116-125 

 

Innovative Technologies in Education 
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RUSSIAN EDUCATION: FROM LOCAL PRACTICES TO GLOBAL TRENDS (NOTES
ON THE EDU RUSSIA FORUM)

Bryzgalina Elena V., Smirnova Anna A.

Abstract. 

In the article participants of the «EDU Russia» Forum, held in Kazan on March 2–4, 2017, analyze the main directions of expert discussions that took place during the Forum. Identification of the main subjects and topics of discussions are presented in the context of global educational trends that reflect the evolution of education in its value, procedural and effective dimensions.

Keywords:

educational practices, educational environment, education as a value, the trend of education development, education as a process, education as a result.

P. 126-136 

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