Wednesday, 24 September 2014 12:43

2013 № 4(en)

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 PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 4-2013

CONTENTS

 

 

 

MODERNIZATION OF RUSSIAN EDUCATION
 открыть Russian Education Modernization Strategies of the 20th Century: Theoretical and Methodological Approaches to Research
Boguslavsky M.V.
 
Based on the analysis of political modernization theory and the concept of strategic management, the author examines the most important methodological approaches to strategic modernization of Russian education in the 20th century.
Keywords: strategy, reform of education, modernization of education.
P. 520

 

 открыть Theoretical and Methodological Approaches to the Analysis of Educational Policy in the Context of Russian Education Reform in the 20th Century
Milovanov K.Yu. 
 
This article analyzes the reform experience in Russian education in the 20th century, as well as the priorities of state educational policy. The author also sums up the results of a century of modernization of Russian education.
Keywords: Russian state educational policy, reform in education, principles of educational policy, modernization of education, national educational system.
P. 21-34

 

 открыть Participation of Voluntary Organizations in the Development of the Russian Education Modernization Strategy in the 20th Century
Kudryashev А.V., Zanayev S.Z.
 
The main approaches to understanding the notion of «civil institution» in the sphere of education are described in the article. A classification of civil institutions based on their forms and functions is presented. Particular attention is given to such civil institutions as self-government, voluntary organizations; their part in the formation of civil society is highlighted. Also, the authors provide an analysis of the teachers’ contribution to the discussion of the strategies of modernization of Russian education in the 20th century.   
Keywords: civil institutions, self-government, civil society, voluntary organizations, voluntary associations,Zemstvo, Moscow City Duma, the “Parents Society”,  the First All-Russian Family Upbringing Congress.
P. 35-50

 

THEORY OF MODERN EDUCATION
открыть Cognition as the Highest Affect: Once More About Cognitive Competence
 Bulkin A.P.
 
The article analyse scognitive activity in the forms of «gnosis» and «cognitio». Their differences are defined according to the following parameters: their place and role in human life, their objects of research; motivation of their subjects of activity and their content. Also described is the process of realization of cognitive activity throughout the history of pedagogics and education in the “material” and “formal” forms of education in the “knowledge” paradigm and in the form of “cognitive competence” in the “system” and “activity” paradigms. The research is based mainly on the historical materials of Russian pedagogics.
Keywords: cognitive activity; gnoseology; cognitivism; “material education”; “formal education”; cognitive competence; “knowledge” paradigm; “system” and “activity” paradigms.
      P. 51–64

 

 открыть Models of Upbringing: National Context
Belyaev G.Yu. 
 
This article describes models of education within their historical national socio-cultural contexts. Any pedagogical interaction is implemented through specific media of cultural and socio-educational practice measuring normalizing formal contradiction between authoritarian, liberal and democratic education. Thus, a model of education, taken in the context of national culture, helps students create and develop not only their own personal views of the meaning of life, but also understand some other forms, aims and objectives of education. Any pedagogical work in cultural educational models is designed to overcome the temporary crises of multicultural education as the most important direction of modern pedagogics.
Keywords: upbringing trends, model of education, cultural form of education, pedagogical interaction, educational practices.
P. 65-78

 

 открыть A Polysubject Model of Educational Activities as a Basis of Forming Learning Skills in a Student
Samonenko Y.A., Zhiltsova O.A., Samonenko I.Yu.
 
This article examines the content and methods of general education       . Also presented are the results of the research conducted by a team of MSU scientists, who, over the past several decades worked on improving the educational system, from the viewpoint of cultural and historical and systemic and activity-based approaches.
Keywords: learning skills, developing education, activity-based approach, system analysis, polysubject model of activity.
P. 79-95

 

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGICS
открыть Cultural and Educational Potential of Aesthetic and Artistic Expression in A.F. Losev’s Ideas from the 1920s to the 1980s
Pechko L.P.

The article is dedicated to the scientific works of a prominent Russian philosopher A.F. Losev and his concept of the aesthetic as the expressive, in other words, the unity of the essence of the object or phenomenon and the form of its expression. In the context of education and pedagogics this approach has a productive future.
Keywords: philosophy, aesthetics, aesthetic, art, culture, cultorology, expression, expressiveness, education, pedagogics.
      P. 96–103

 

 открыть Cognition – Conquest – Destruction: Values in Teaching Elementary School Natural Science in the Soviet Period
Kozlova M.A.
 
On the basis of content analysis of elementary school textbooks and teaching aids for science teachers, the author examines value orientations and models of behavior for students in relation to the natural environment, and their transformation during the first half of the 20th century.
Keywordsecological consciousness, ecological education, values, the natural environment, moral orientation.
      P. 104–120

 

открыть Educational Literature for Chuvash Schools of the 19th – 20th Centuries
Semenova P.A., Solovieva G.P.
 
This article characterizes the history of the Chuvash language textbook, which takes its origin in the latter part of the 18th century. I.Y. Yakovlev, a pedagogue and creator of modern Chuvash alphabet, played a foremost role in creating the study literature of the late 19th century.  20th century brought about a plethora of Chuvash language and literature textbooks and study guides, which aided further development of the language. The appendix to the article contains a bibliographical index of Chuvash primers, which makes it easy to analyze primer publishing during a certain period, find the names of scientists which took part in their preparation, track the content evolution of educational literature and the changes in educational programs.   
Keywords: educational literature, Chuvash language, Chuvash writing, history of Chuvash language, primers for the Chuvash people.
      P. 121–142

  

 NEW RESEARCHES IN EDUCATION
 открыть Professional Development of a Teacher as a Subject of International Educational Space
Postrygach N.O.
 
The article is devoted to international theoretical developments in the field of professional development of teachers as subjects of international educational space. Also assessed is the validity of the prognostic possibility of adapting progressive ideas of international experience to the theory and practice of continuous pedagogical education in Ukraine.
Keywords: conceptual map, professionalization of teachers, increasing teacher qualification, teacher’s profession profile, subject of an international educational space.
P. 143149

 

 открыть Use of Tourist and Local Lore Study Materials in Geography Classes as part of the Process of Socialization of Orphaned Children
Makarova L.N., Latyshev O.Yu.
 
One of the most logical and expected directions of orphaned children socialization through the means of tourist activity is geography and local region study. These subjects are not only a source of knowledge crucial for an introduction into the topic of tourism, but also a way of creating an atmosphere of romanticism and curiosity towards the children’s native country and love for their local region.
Keywords: geography, tourism, exercise, tourist activities, upbringing, local region study, socialization.
P. 150-161

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES
открыть Formation of Methodical Skills in Future Mathematics Teachers During the Process of Studying Mathematical Disciplines
Kapkaeva L.S.
 
The article substantiates the need for the formation of methodical skills in pedagogical institute students during the process of studying mathematical disciplines. Through the example of mathematical analysis, the author reveals the contents of the methodical preparation of future mathematics teachers during lectures, workshops and independent work.
Keywords: Educational activities, training and educational activities, methodical skills, methodical preparation, math analysis, tests.
      P. 162–170

 

открыть Artistic Means in Teaching as a Way of Integrating Moral and Spiritual Education in the School Subject of Social Science
Korosteleva A.A.
 
This article reveals the possibilities of using artistic means of education as a part of the school subject of social science not only for the purpose of increasing its educational significance, but also for a successful integration of moral and spiritual values into the process of teaching the subject. Among the evaluated artistic means of education are symbols, illustrations, literary fiction and biblical texts, color palette, literary characters.
Keywords: moral and spiritual education, integration, artistic means of education, symbol, literary text, literary character, illustrations, ICT.
      P. 171–186

 

открыть Strategic Basis of Unfamiliar Word Identification by Elementary School Students
Babina G.V., Pankratova N.S. 
 
The article is devoted to the strategies of unfamiliar word identification in the process of reading. The answers of children with normal and impaired speech development are analyzed.
Keywords: strategies of identification, unfamiliar words, reading, impaired speech development.
      P. 187–193

   

SCIENTIFIC LIFE
открыть On the Results of the Russian Reading Association Project “Reading that Unites Us”
Ermolenko V.A., Smetannikova N.N.
 
This article presents the results of theRussianprojectReading that Unites Us, conducted by the Russian Reading Association between March 25 and April 25, 2013 in the form of an online survey. Expert analysis of the project results was provided based on different reading groups, including children, teenagers, adults (both professional and unprofessional society), which allowed to determine the most popular books among these groups. The article also provides the conclusions based on these results, which were made by the participants of the Third International Scientific and Practical Conference of the Russian Reading Association Reading and Literacy in Culture and Education. What and How We Read Today: Challenges of the 20th Century.
Keywords: reading, project, readers, book cluster, teacher, reading teaching methods, children and parents, united reading.
       P. 194–199

 

REVIEWS
открыть Culturosociology and the Meaning of Social Life
Lanin B.A.
       P. 200–205

 

IN THE WORLD OF PEDAGOGICAL JOURNALS
открыть

 Magazin «National and Foreign Pedagogy» No 4(13) 2013

       P. 206-207
Wednesday, 24 September 2014 10:27

2013 № 3(en)

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 PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 3-2013

CONTENTS

 

 

 

MODERNIZATION OF RUSSIAN EDUCATION
 открыть Educational policy in post-soviet Russia and reform in general history education
Viazemsky E.E.
 
This article analyzes the experience of reform in history education in Russia in the 1990s, as well as the priorities of the federal educational policy. The author also sums up the results of the twenty-year period of modernization of school education in post-Soviet Russia.
Keywords: educational policy in post-Soviet Russia, reform in general history education, principles of educational policy, humanization and democratization of education, variable education, structure and content of education, educational standard.
P. 526

 

 открыть Teacher, School, Educational System through the Prism of Ege
Bochenkov S.A.
 
This article discusses the problem of proper use of EGE results in managerial decision making on all levels. One of the possible solutions is an address-based interpretation of the results. Depending on the level of managerial decision making (teacher, school, educational system), the interpretation of EGE results differs for each group, the possible information queries are shown and the systems of key indicators and the main analytical presentation formats are declared, all of which allow to emphasize particular features of the EGE results in a specific region for each level of managerial decision making.
Keywords: analysis and interpretation of EGE results, education quality assessment, education results, key indicators, education management, EGE results for the teacher, EGE results for the school, EGE results for the educational system.
P. 27-47

 

THEORY OF MODERN EDUCATION
открыть Moral and Spiritual Education in the Context of an Integrative Educational Process: Perspectives of Development 
Korosteleva A.A.
 
This article is dedicated to understanding the modern integrative process in the educational system and the possibilities of integration of moral and spiritual education with Humanities in modern-day general schools.
Keywords: integration, integrative process, process of education, anthropocentrism, cultural conformity, modernization, moral and spiritual education, tolerance, moral and spiritual values.
      P. 48–58

 

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGICS
открыть Historiography of Elementary School Educational Literature of the 16th – Beginning of 17th Centuries
Bezrogov V.G. 

This article analyzes different approaches to the history of elementary school textbooks, which started to appear during the age of mass print production of study manuals in Europe. The author also analyzes the methodological problems, which scientists from around the world face and find various solutions to.
Keywords: textbook, historiography, historical source, teaching, school.
      P. 59–76

 

 открыть Pedagogical Literature in the Russian System of Teacher Training in the Second Half of the 19TH – Beginning of the 20TH Centuries. (From the Ushinsky Scientific Pedagogical Library collection1.)
Goncharov M.A.
 
This article is the last in a series of articles on historical and pedagogical materials characterizing the development of the educational system and the system of teacher training in Russia in the second half of the 19th century – beginning of the 20th century, which are kept at the Ushinsky Scientific Pedagogical Library. [14] The article analyzes foreign study books, which are part of the Ushinsky Library funds. The most frequently used works in teacher training and self-training were picked for analysis. The results of this research allow to conclude that the works of A. Bain, O. Willman, F. Dittes, W. A. Lay, E. Meumann, F. Paulsen, G. Richard etc. were widely known and used in the Russian pedagogical education system. The studied publications are listed in the bibliography, and, for the readers’ convenience, given codes from the Ushinsky Library catalogue.
Keywordspedagogics, upbringing, study book, pedagogical psychology, experimental pedagogics, student’s personality, teacher, gymnasium, pedagogical education.  
      P. 77–88

 

открыть Historical and Pedagogical Experience of Formation and Development of Cadet Corps in Pre-Revolutionary Russia
Dyakina E.V.
 
The article presents the historical and pedagogical experience of formation and development of cadet corps as an innovative type of educational institution in pre-revolutionary Russia.
Keywords: military school, cadet corps, gymnasium.
      P. 89–93

 

открыть Formation and Cultivation of Inquisitive Interest in Cadets as a Problem of Military Pedagogy during the 1960s – 1980s
Gashichev A.V.
 
This article explores the problems and trends of the development of theoretical basics of formation and cultivation of inquisitive interest in cadets. Through analysis of military pedagogy literature, the author determines the importance of this problem during the 1960s – 1980s and the results of the theoretical and practical research of military specialists. The solution of these problems presents scientific significance for the modernization of the higher military education system in Russia.
Keywordsmilitary pedagogy, inquisitive interests of the cadets, antinomy “social – personal”.
      P. 94–101

 

NEW RESEARCHES IN EDUCATION
 открыть Experimental Check of Qualitative Physics Problems Using Archimedes Digital Laboratory
Slepneva N.I.
 
This article explores the method of using Archimedes digital laboratory for measuring high-rate temperature processes. A time/temperature dependency formula is derived. The results of this research can be used in projected work of 8th-grade students.
Keywords: Archimedes digital laboratory, Nova, liquid cooling.
P. 102105

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES
открыть Convergence as a Modern Form of Mass Media Interaction
Chelemendik V.S.
 
This article analyzes the genesis of media convergence, experience of mass media interaction of the pre-internet period and the activity of convergent editorial offices at the modern stage. Presented is the author’s notion of “genuine” (classical) convergence – one, through which mass media are called upon to productively carry out their function of social institutions, and which the future of press, television and radio broadcasting depends on.
Keywords: mass media, convergence, mediabusiness, internet as a platform for convergence.
      P. 106–123

 

открыть Assessing Internet Publishing Activity of Russian Educational Institutions
Antopolsky A.B.
 
The article describes how to use the technology of Google Scholar for the assessment of the publishing activities of educational institutions in the space of Internet. The proposed indicator is sometimes called website «scientism». The author points out a similar experience of «webometrics ranking» of world universities.  Also proposed, is a classification of universities, which can ensure the comparability of the results of the assessment through forming homogeneous groups of universities. The results of the assessment of scientific level are presented to the official websites of the Russian universities. These results are interpreted with consideration of the proposed classification.
Keywords: publication activity, universities, official web sites, classification.
      P. 124–138

 

открыть Subject Authority Development Principles “National Education. Pedagogics”
Polonsky V.M.
 
This article formulates the principles, which must be followed in the development of branch subject authority “National Education. Pedagogics”, analyzes the changes in the conceptual and terminological aspects of pedagogics due to the new federal law “On Education in the Russian Federation” and their probable consequences.
Keywords: subject authority GRNTI, subject authority “National Education. Pedagogics”, federal law “On Education in the Russian Federation”, conceptual and terminological aspects of pedagogics.
      P. 139–148

 

 открыть Sientific Archive of the Russian Academy of Education: Yesterday and Today
Kozlova N.Yu.
 
The article explores the history of organization of the Russian scientific archive of education as part of the Russian Academy of Education. The author presents a full list of archive funds of the NARCOMPROS RSFSR educational institutions of the RSFSR (USSR) Academy of Education. The author also characterizes some of the unique archive documents of the first scientific-research institutes of Soviet Russia in the early 20th century, as well as personal archive funds of teachers, psychologists and public figures of national education in Russia from the middle of the 19th century to the end of the 20th century.
Keywords: unique documents on education in Russia, collection of documents on education, education in the Russian Empire, scientific-research institute of the NARCOMPROS RSFSR, Academy of Education of the USSR, personal archive funds of teachers, psychologists, public figures of national education in Russia.
P. 149158

  

SCIENTIFIC LIFE
открыть Education throughout the Life: Continued Education in the Interests of Stable Development
Lomakina T.Yu.
 
It has become a tradition to gather in the beginning of June in Saint-Petersburg to discuss the problems of continued education in the world. This year, the eleventh annual international conference “Education throughout the Life: Continued Education in the Interests of Stable Development” took place on May 31 – June 2, 2013 at the Pushkin Leningrad State University.
Keywords: conference, continued education, Pushkin Leningrad Sate University.
       P. 159–166

 

REVIEWS
открыть Ways of Seeng Beautiful Things
Lanin B.A.
       P. 167–170

 

IN THE WORLD OF PEDAGOGICAL JOURNALS
открыть

 Magazin «National and Foreign Pedagogy»№ 3(12) 2013

       P. 171-172
Tuesday, 23 September 2014 14:42

2013 № 2(en)

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 PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 2-2013

CONTENTS

 

 

 

MODERNIZATION OF RUSSIAN EDUCATION
 открыть Organizing Academic Assessment Monitoring throughout the World: NAPLAN – the National Assessment Program in Australia
Valdman I.A.
 
The article examines the main elements of the NAPLAN national assessment program in Australia. These elements include identification of achievement levels, introduction of a multilevel assessment scale, tracing of individual school student progress, comparison of test results in schools serving students from statistically similar backgrounds, school profile based on assessment result for the community.
Keywords: monitoring of student achievements, national assessment, assessment of the quality of education, testing, achievement levels, assessment scale, individual progress, presentation of assessment results.
P. 518

 

THEORY OF MODERN EDUCATION
открыть The Methodological Outline of Experimental Didactics
 Perminova L.M.
 

The goal of this article is to define a methodological outline of experimental didactics, determine its philosophical basis in light of the modern scientific outlook. The field of didactics is showing new trends and a sense of direction in its theoretical and applied aspects in new essential connections, which allow for enriching didactic knowledge, and provide a new interpretation of the established scientific body of didactics. Among the emerging problems is a group of questions dealing with didactic experimentation, more generally – the instrumental field of didactics – experimental didactics.

Keywords: levels of scientific knowledge, scientific method, structure, methodology, didactics, experiment, experimental didactics, methodological outline of experimental didactics.
      P. 19–30

 

открыть The General School Teacher and the School Subject Program: Areas of Mutual Responsibility
Strelova O.Yu.

This article analyzes the key questions related to school teacher training according to new educational standards (FSES BSE). How is the base secondary education content formed and presented through the unity of pedagogical theory and practice: from the core fundamental contents of base secondary education to programs, textbooks and individual class plans of school teachers? How can history teachers (along with teachers of other subjects) take part in preparation of school programs in order to fully realize the educational potential of the second generation standards?

Keywords: FSES BSE (second generation standards); general educational program of base secondary education; school subject program examples; history work program; extended subject planning.
      P. 31–38

 

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGICS
 открыть Heuristic Methods of Work with Historico-Pedagogical Sources
Marchukova S.M.
The article deals with methodological principles for development of heuristic methods of work with historico-pedagogical sources. It expounds the methodological principles of three heuristic methods of work with the pedagogical heritage of J.A. Komenský lying within the framework of: modern system research in pedagogy; new interpretation of P.G. Schedrovitsky's pedagogical formations theory;  the «open work» theory by U. Eco.
Keywordsheuristic methods, pedagogical heritage of J.A. Komenský, system research, pedagogical formations, U. Eco's «open work» theory.
      P. 39–53

 

открыть The Forming of Pedagogical Potential in Moscow during the First Third of the 19th Century
Kudryashev А.V.
 
The article describes different kinds of schools in Moscow in the first third of the XIX century. The author presents detailed descriptions of secondary school activities at Moscow University (University noble boarding-school). The article also presents characteristics of trade and girls’ education development.
Keywords: Moscow University, gymnasium, Business College, University noble boarding-school,Moscow Girls’ College of Saint Ekaterina Order.
      P. 54–64

 

открыть Realization of the State Educational Policy in Russia in the Second Half of the 19th and the Beginning of the 20th Century
Allagulov A.M.
The article explores the realization process of the state educational policy in Russia in the second half of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century through the interaction of two political and educational paradigms – conservative and liberal.
Keywordshistorical political and pedagogical experience, state educational policy, political and educational paradigm, theory of classical education, evolutionary and reformatory course.
      P. 65–71

 

открыть John Dewey’s Unrealized Dream

Rogacheva E.Y.

 
The paper is devoted to the outstanding thinker of the 20th Century – John Dewey (1859–1952). An author of about 1000 works in different fields of science, “the teacher of teachers” John Dewey was devoted to the ideals of democratic education throughout his whole life. The content of the paper is based on the archives of Chicago University (examined during Carnegie Corporation Grant) and gives a chance to appreciate Dewey’s civic mission and contribution to world science. Dewey’s educational projects are analyzed and special attention is paid to his unrealized dream – a book he wasn’t able to finish.

Keywords: John Dewey’s scientific legacy, the reformer in the field of education,” the teacher of teachers”, J. Dewey’s “Columbian period”, unrealized dream.

      P. 72–81

 

 NEW RESEARCHES IN EDUCATION
открыть Can Modern Time Educational Institutions Interact with Youth Associations Successfully? 
Belyaev G.Yu.
 
The article discusses the problem of developing socially productive interaction of social institutions and educational institutions with youth associations, prospects consideration of this issue in terms of public safety and the social positioning of modern youth. Understanding the socio-cultural forms, standards and contexts for socialization and education is extremely important in order to develop an adequate socio-pedagogical position in assessing the risks and constraints, as well as searching for forms of dialogue and constructive social partnership with youth organizations.
Keywords: youth, youth groups, youth community, youth society, interaction, informal youth associations, interaction, educational institutions, organizations, associations, movements.
      P. 82–94

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES
открыть Innovative Activity of a Teacher in Working out a Work Program in the Conditions of Federal State Educational Standards
Titova N.S.
The author presents the practical experience in applying the new teacher’s methodical toolkit for working out a work program, aimed at achieving desirable results in the conditions of new educational standards.
Keywords: educational - methodical set, pedagogical technology, project card, a set of technological cards (atlas of technological cards), algorithm of a teacher’s educational activity.
      P. 95–103

 

открыть Educational Role of Library Museums
Poloudin V.A.
 
The article reveals the educational value of existing library museums, the history of the development of museums and libraries, their positive influence on the cultural development of the population. The author proposes a structure for modern educational centers, and the goals and objectives of their creation. In conclusion, a proposition of creating a museum at the Ushinsky State Scientific Pedagogical Library is made.
Keywords: general education, additional education, chess education, library museums, museum-libraries.
      P. 104–113

 

PROBLEMS OF CORRECTIONAL PEDAGOGY
открыть Important Problems in Teaching Russian Language to Students with Speech Disorders and Their Possible Solutions
Almazova A.A.
 
The article discusses the specifics of Russian language teaching to school children with speech disorders of different degree; the author analyzes the problems which students with speech disorders face in mainstream schools while studying different units of the Russian language course. The author suggests the ways of solving these problems based on the synthesis of lingvo-methodical and special correctional approaches.
Keywords: school children with speech and language disorders, teaching Russian language, school speech therapist, collaboration of the speech therapist and the teacher, difficulties of Russian language learning.
      P. 114–122

 

открыть Problems in Teaching and Correction of Oral Language Skills in School Children with Speech Disorders

Almazova A.A., Shibanova A.A.

 
The article presents experimental data concerning the state of oral language skills of primary school children with different speech disorders. The authors analyze talking and auding mechanisms and their interaction; the main parameters of the functional disorders of these mechanisms are described.
Keywords: speech disorders, oral speech, language skills, talking, auding, primary school children.
      P. 123–131

 

открыть Importance of Sensory Training in Working with Children with Dysphasia
Lynskaya M.I.
 
The article describes several mechanisms of diagnosis and speech therapy in children with dysphasia from a psychophysiological and psycholinguistic point of view. Special attention is paid to the importance of the development of tactile, gustatory and olfactory perception – the basis for the formation of motivational and motosensory levels of speech activity.
Keywords: dysphasia, afferent synthesis, olfactory-taste-verbal associations, motosensory levels of speech activity, methods of diagnosis and correction of dysphasia.
       P. 132–140

 

 открыть Learning of the Text-forming Function of Word Combination in Elementary School Students with a Delay in Mental Development
Tusheva E.S.
 
The article explores the possibilities of learning the text-forming function of word combination in elementary school students with a delay in mental development. On the basis of the linguistic and psycholinguistic concepts developed in the syntax theory, the author presents methodical techniques and examples of observed transformation of word combination models.
Keywords: correctional developing training, elementary school students with a delay in mental development, learning of the word-forming function of word combination, structural and semantic modification of word combinations.
P. 141151

 

открыть Typology of Dysorthography in General School Students
Sharipova N.Yu.

This article discusses the problems of learning the orthography of the native (Russian) language in school students. The author analyzes traditional and modern linguistic and psycho-educational research on this subject. Also, the author presents the typology of spelling errors, which are identified in general school students,which greatly expands the possibilities of overcoming dysorthography.
Keywords: orthography, dysorthography, difficulties of mastering orthography, difficulties of application of spelling rules, principles of Russian orthography.
P. 152–159

 

открыть Analysis of Speech Development in Bilingual Children
Kharenkova A.V.
 
The article explores the aspects of positive and negative influence of bilingualism on speech development in children. Furthermore, the article analyzes the ways of learning the native language in children with normal speech development and those with speech disorders. The most common speech and language difficulties for bilingual children are described.
Keywords: normal speech development, speech disorders, the errors of bilingual children (through the Russian language example).
P. 160–167
 

 

открыть The Problems of Differentiation in the Correction of the Phonetic Aspect of Speech in Children with Systemic Speech Disorders
Bogatyreva A.O.
 
The author tries to identify the characteristics of development and mutual influence of the components of the phonetic aspect of speech; describes the process of creation and testing of an effective system of correctional care.  Furthermore, the author presents a comprehensive research and comparison of the different components of the phonetic aspect of speech in preschool children 3–7 years of age with systemic speech disorders.
Keywords: components of the phonetic aspect of speech, children with systemic speech disorders.
       P. 168–175

 

SCIENTIFIC LIFE
открыть Staff and Faculty – The Decision Makers in Education?!
Naydenova N.N.
 
This article is a review of the main topics discussed at the conference "Trends of Development in Education." Some of the reports are presented in detail. Among the topics are the following: professional standard, quality of teaching, reforms throughout the world, education management, successful teacher.
Keywords: pedagogical education, teacher qualification, professional standard, successful teacher.
       P. 176–185

 

REVIEWS
открыть A Book on Morality, Politics and the New Man
Lanin B.A.
 
Book review: Leon Aron. Roads to the Temple.  Truth, Memory, Ideas, and Ideals in the Making of the Russian Revolution, 1987–1991. – Yale University Press, 2012. – 483 p.
       P. 186–187

 

IN THE WORLD OF PEDAGOGICAL JOURNALS
открыть

Magazin «National and Foreign Pedagogy» № 1(10) 2013

Magazin «National and Foreign Pedagogy» № 2(11) 2013 

       P. 188-191
Tuesday, 23 September 2014 09:04

2013 № 1(en)

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 PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 1-2013

CONTENTS

 

 

 

FROM THE EDITORS
открыть P.5

 

QUESTIONS OF MODERN RUSSIAN PHILOLOGY
 открыть The Speech Act and Speech Etiquette
Kurtseva Z.I. 
 
The article explores the problems of interrelation and interaction of such communicative categories as the speech act and speech etiquette, as well as the impact of an individual and his or her compliance with or violation of the norms of speech etiquette on the quality of the speech act. The article also draws attention to the communicative tone of the speech act, which is manifested in verbal and non-verbal behavior of the speaker.
Keywords: speech act, speech etiquette, category of courtesy, phatic function of speech etiquette, tone of the speech act.
P. 615

 

открыть

Main Directions of Continuity in Continuous Teaching of Russian Orthography

 Komissarova L.Yu.
 
The article analyzes and identifies the most productive interpretations of the notion of continuity for the current stage of development of education. It offers a definition of continuity in teaching orthography and describes the directions of continuity, which the system of teaching Russian orthography is based on. The article identifies new objectives of teaching orthography, as a part of a more general strategic goal of teaching the Russian language. The author also reveals the essence of the concepts of “functional orthographic literacy” and “orthographic information”.
Keywords: orthography teaching system, continuity in teaching orthography, directions of continuity in teaching orthography, functional orthographic literacy, orthographic information.
      P. 16–23

 

открыть Mechanisms of Processing Text Information during the Process of Reading: Applied Aspects
Babina G.V.

The article analyzes the problem of conceptualizing text information during the process of reading. Analysis of the  students’ perceptive and imaginative-semantic text processing capabilities is carried out from a cognitive perspective. The functional characteristics of the cognitive mechanisms of association, focusing, compression and inference in the text activity of students with normal speech and speech and language disorders are established.

Keywords: reading, text information, cognitive mechanisms, concept verbalization, students with speech and language disorders, conceptualization of information.

      P. 24–32

 

 открыть Types and Functions of Morphological Abnormalities in Russian Fantasy Prose
Gryaznova A.T.
 
The article examines the role of morphological abnormalities in creating the linguistic picture of  the Russian fantasy world. Morphological abnormalities are presented in the article as a type of linguistic play, different types of which perform composite, ideological, aesthetic and other functions. The study identifies such linguistic tools for creating morphological abnormalities, as changing the grammatical number and gender of nouns, transposition of adverbs, infringement of communication standards.The observations presented in this paper allow the author to draw conclusions about the features of language and the style of Russian and Russian-language fantasy.
Keywordslinguistic analysis of text, Russian fantasy language and style, fantasy picture of the world, linguistic play, morphological abnormalities.
      P. 24–32

 

открыть Tendency of Using Feminine Gender Professional Titles
Vasil’eva A.S.
 
In the last few years, the number of lexemes describing individuals of the female sex as pertaining to their profession has increased significantly. This article analyses the principal tendencies of formation and function of such designations. The article demonstrates the dynamics of use of lexemes describing women of a particular profession, beginning with the Old Russian language. An emphasis is made on modern-day tendencies in using the new designations of professional women. 
Keywords: new designations of female individuals, functioning.
      P. 46–53

 

 RUSSIAN LANGUAGE TEACHING METHODS
открыть Polyphony and Harmony in Teaching Russian Language
Deykina A.D.
The article examines the problems associated with the axiological essence of the native language, as well as the methodological conditions for the harmonization of the Russian language teaching process, polyphony of the school course and interaction of different teaching approaches and principles.
Keywordslanguage as a unique phenomenon, system of values, axiological essence, integral view, value meanings, value orientations, polyphony, harmony, harmonization, text as a didactic unit, small form text, lingvo-culturological characteristics of text.
      P. 54–72

 

открыть Significance of Integrated Classes, Based on Literary, Artistic and Musical Works, for Student Speech Development
Gero I.K.
 
The article provides a theoretical substantiation of the significance of Russian Language classes based on cultural studies for the development of the students’ speech skills. An emphasis is made on the metadisciplinary function of the Russian language as a “means of communion with the spiritual richness of Russian culture and with the cultural and historical experience of mankind”. A number of classes that teach writing essays on same-topic literary, artistic and musical works is presented. (For example, an essay on the painting “The Swan Princess” by M. A. Vrubel and C. Saint-Saens play “The Swan” with an excerpt from A. S. Pushkin’s “The Tale of Tsar Saltan”.) The author also proposes a system of age-specific selection of same-topic works for students of the 5th, 6th and 7th grades.

Keywords: activation of different types of vocal activity, Russian language, cultural studies competence, same-topic artistic and musical works, poetry, the ideal, integrative approach, integral perception of the world, associative connections, development of creative abilities, communicative competence, metadisciplinarity, formation of an individual.

      P. 73–83

 

открыть Educational Integration: Artpedagogical and Arttherapeutical Factors in Teaching Russian Language
Borisova N.Yu.
 
The article examines the problems of educational integration through the evolution of the notion of “literacy” and the associated changes in the structure of education. The educational structural changes are accompanied by changes of the national educational standards, as well as new requirements in teaching quality. Meta-subject competence, particularly in “conscions reading”, is becoming one of the foremost requirements. Its formation takes place during the entire school education process, but can become most effective through the implementation of long-forgotten traditions of the national language alphabet teaching with all its art-pedagogical and art-therapeutical factors.
Keywords: educational integration, notion of “literacy”, structure of the education system, elementary school, national educational standards, meta-subject competence of “conscious reading”, psycholinguistic basis of language, art-pedagogical and art-therapeutical factors, Cyrillic calligraphy.
      P. 84–109

 

открыть Effective Forms of Organizing Independent Work of Student Philologists (Through an Example of Lingvo-methodical Disciplines)
Gordienko O.V., Knyazeva O.Y.
This article discusses the problems of organizing student self-study through the example of lingvo-methodical discipline cycles. Effective forms of arrangement and realization of self-study are proposed. 
Keywords: student self-study, self-study motivators, forms of self-study, control of self-study.
      P. 110–118

 

открыть Forming Professional Research Competences in Postgraduate Students Using Interdisciplinary Approaches
Lipatova V.Y.
 
The article gives a description of different interdisciplinary approaches to forming in postgraduate students necessary professional research competences, which will allow young scientists to create a scientific work. Independent research and writing are known to pose considerable difficulties for recent graduate students. One of the ways to overcome these difficulties is to use interdisciplinary approaches.
Keywords: professional research competences, interdisciplinary approaches, complex system, methodological scheme of action-reflection, scientific model.
      P. 119–125

 

открыть Perfection of the Argumentative Culture of Future Teachers
Savova M.R., Smelkova Z.S.
 
The article examines the problems of developing the abilities to create argumentative texts and introduce elements of argumentation into professionally significant texts in future teachers. Authors correlate stages of improvement of the culture of argument with key competences and propose a technique for its development, taking into account the specifics of a particular teacher’s genre of speech. The technique is aimed at training undergraduate students of all profiles within the frame of pedagogical education.
Keywords: argumentative texts, argumentative abilities, pedagogical rhetoric, genres of speech of the teacher, common cultural competences, competence-based approach.
      P. 126–131

 

открыть  Student Research Paper Text: Facing the Genre Problem
Erokhina E.L.
 
 The article is devoted to a comparison of an academic paper and a student report at a school conference from a communicative genristics (genre study) point of view. It reveals genre specifics of a student research paper, which allow for creating new methods of developing student-researcher communicative skills
Keywords: student research, discourse, oral report, special teaching text.
      P. 132–139

 

открыть The Development of Syntactical Structure of Children’s Speech in Morphology Classes: Coordinating Connections of Homogeneous Parts
Eremeyeva A.P.
 
The article offers a linguistic explanation of the peculiarities of the syntactical structure of speech formation through the analysis of relations of homogeneous parts and, at the same time, presents a variety of semantic meanings of conjunctions. The author outlines the methodological conditions for the syntax enrichment of children’s speech in morphology classes.
Keywords: syntactical structure of speech, types of coordinating connections in homogeneous parts, functional peculiarities of morphological categories: the conjunction, the preposition, the pronoun, analysis of connotations in synonymic word connections.
       P. 140–148

 

 открыть School Russian Language Textbooks of the First Third of the 20th Century
Gordienko O.V.
 
This article explores the history of the school Russian language textbook at the turn of the 20th century, analyzes the influence of historical events on the theoretical development of the textbook.
Keywords: the school Russian language textbook, Russian language programs, full programs, basic grammar, practical grammar, "Loose" textbooks, textbooks.
P. 149158

 

открыть Diagnosing the Level of Literary Text Comprehension in Russian Language Students
Levushkina O.N.

This article explores the significance of understanding text for teaching Russian language in modern schools. The author describes the methodology of diagnosing text comprehension in students (grades 5 through 11), which was developed on the basis of the typology of comprehension. The results of the diagnostic testing are presented in diagrams.
Keywords: text comprehension; types of comprehension; skills specific to each type of comprehension; methodology of diagnosing text comprehension in students.
P. 159–181

 

открыть A Competence-based Approach to Teaching in Modern Schools

Salnikova O.A.

 
 This article analyzes the causes of the transition to the competence-based paradigm of education, differences between the competence-based approach and the traditional, knowledge-based one. General problems of the competence-based approach implementation are considered and ways of their negotiation are proposed. 

Keywords: competence-based approach, knowledge metaphors, subject-matter of education, organization of the educational process, student personal skills.

P. 182–187

 

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN TEACHING RUSSIAN LANGUAGE
открыть Student Work with the “Russian National Corpus” Portal as Part of a School Grammatical Variance Study
Skovorodkina M.A.
 
This article presents the experience of students’ acquaintance with the phenomenon of grammatical variance in modern Russian language through the example of such verbs as "obuslovlivat" and "obuslavlivat".The study analyzes data from the "Russian National Corpus". The article also describes possible ways of working with the Portal to enable students to trace the movement of the grammatical norms, find out about complicated cases of usage, improve skills in using search systems and expand their vocabulary. The materials of this study can be used notonly in Russianbut also inliterature classes.
Keywords: variance of verb forms, grammatical norms, active stage ofvariance, “Russian National Corpus”.
       P. 188–196

 

открыть History of Russian Language Teaching Methods - Information Sources
Yanchenko V.D.
 
A scientific researcher working in the field of history of Russian language teaching methods needs to have access to multiple sources of scientific information for a productive research process. This article provides a review of possible information sources, which can include historicized textbooks and study aids, archive materials, thesis and article compilations, collective monographs, dictionaries, reading books, abstracts, dissertations and sources from the internet.
Keywords: scientific sources, source study, source list, source selection criteria.
       P. 197–203
Monday, 08 September 2014 10:24

2014 № 2(en)

Written by

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 PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 2-2014

CONTENTS

 

 

 

IN HONOR OF THE 190th ANNIVERSARY OF K.D. USHINSKY

 открыть

Civic and Ideological Roots of K.D. Ushinsky’s Works

Dneprov E.D.

 

The article is devoted to the systemic analysis of K.D. Ushinsky’s world view.

Keywords: K.D. Ushinsky, socio-pedagogical movement, pedagogics of an individual, pedagogics of activity, pedagogics of liberty, pedagogics of social benefit.

 

открыть

The Way to Pedagogics: Subjective Premises of Russian Science Development

Bulkin A.P., Kukushkina I.Y.

 

The article explores the premises that led to the formation of Russian pedagogics. It reviews the crucial stages of K.D. Ushinsky’s life and professional activity and analyses the reasons which motivated a teacher and lawyer to study pedagogics as a science and to become the founder of Russian pedagogics.

Keywords: culture, education, gymnasium, university, English language, pedagogics, pedagogical anthropology.

 

открыть

K.D. Ushinsky – Teaching Law

Danilina E.A.


The author of the article describes the views of K.D. Ushinsky on the problems of law. The article is prepared on the basis of K.D. Ushinsky’s lectures which he gave in Yaroslavl Demidovsky lyceum in the period between 1846 and 1848. The lectures of K.D. Ushinsky were published for the first time by A.N. Ostrogorsky and became part of the “Unpublished Works of K.D. Ushinsky”, which were published in St. Petersburg in 1908. The author draws the conclusion that the whole conception of the pedagogical system of K.D. Ushinsky is based mainly on his legal views, on his confidence in the fact that a person must know the "internal organism of the state and the laws under which the state life in this organism exists".

Keywords: pedagogics, law, teaching, public law, private law, civil law.

 

открыть

K.D. Ushinsky’s Native Word

Vetchinova M.N.

 

The article analyses the thoughts of K.D. Ushinsky about the Russian language, about the importance of learning the native language and about its educational potential. The article contains his sayings about the role of Russian fairytales and proverbs in teaching how to read. His quotes about the importance of learning foreign languages are also given in the text.

Keywords: K.D. Ushinsky, native word, the Russian language, education.

 

открыть

The Significance of K.D. Ushinsky’s Pedagogical Ideas in the Modern Educational Space

Kocherga I.V.

 

The article is devoted to antropologisation of pedagogics, in particular to ideas of K.D. Ushinsky. He defined the role of the teacher in the educational space of the school and grounded the main factors in personal development.

Keywords: K.D. Ushinsky, antropologisation, upbringing, Russian history, nationality, personality, rich cultural legacy, pedagogy.

 

открыть

The Role of Ethnicity in the Formation of the People’s School

Berestneva A.B.

 

The article develops the idea, that every people should construct its upbringing and education in connection with the ethnic constituent. National ideology is the basis of education. A “people’s teacher” is presented as a carrier and translator of national traditions.

Keywords: ethnic peculiarities, mother tongue, people’s school, theory of upbringing.

 

открыть

Bringing the Ideas of K.D. Ushinsky into Life in the Practice of Tutor Assisted Education and Socialization of Children

Tkacheva A.N.

The article analyzes the views of K.D. Ushinsky on the problems of education and use of foreign experience in Russian pedagogy, nationality of education, perspectives on pedagogy as a science about education and the formation of Man, the view of education as a social phenomenon. The author also provides characteristics and directions of tutor assisted education and socialization of children and discusses possible ways to use the heritage of the great scientist in organizing modern educational space and the practice of teachers.

Keywords: education, socialization, the educational activities of the teacher, humane personality pedagogy, foreign models of education, mentoring, tutor support, tutor strategy.

 

MODERNIZATION OF RUSSIAN EDUCATION

 открыть

Education in the European Union

Savina A.K.

 

The author characterizes the work of the educational systems of the EU countries in the context of the implementation of regulations of the Maastricht Treaty. The article discloses the main directions of education integration aimed at achieving general strategic goals.

KeywordsEuropean Union, Maastricht Treaty, systems of education, integration.

 

THEORY OF MODERN EDUCATION

открыть

Culturological and Humanistic Models of the Educational Environment: Logic of Interaction

Korosteleva A.A. 

 

The article examines the questions of development of the modern educational paradigm, called to become a cultural element.

Keywords: educational model, humanistic educational model, culturological educational model, educational paradigm, integration, humanization, self-actualization.

 

NEW RESEARCHES IN EDUCATION

открыть

Using Didactic Trails in School Education

Maresz T. 

 

The article characterizes the “didactic trails” – a unique form of special school trips for students.

Keywords: regional approach in education, regional education, didactic trails.

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES

открыть

Latin Alphabet for Russian Words

Beloozerov V.N.
 

The article is devoted to the problem of Russian word transliteration.

Keywords: transliteration, practical transcription, Cyrillic alphabet, Russian alphabet, standards, GOST.

 

открыть

Teaching Basic Piano on the Basis of Musical Rhythm Modeling

Dedik M.Y.
 

This article analyses an approach to developing the sense of musical rhythm and teaching to play piano, which is based on modeling musical rhythm in different areas of the students’ motor activity. The author describes the possibilities of using this approach in teaching preschool and elementary school children in the additional musical education system.

Keywords: additional education, artistic and aesthetical education, playing piano, sense of musical rhythm, rhythm formula, captioning.

 

SCIENTIFIC LIFE

открыть

All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference in Honor of the 190th Anniversary of K.D. Ushinsky

Dedik P.E., Direnstein E.E., Tsapenko A.M.
 
The article reviews the All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference in Honor of the 190th Anniversary of K.D. Ushinsky. The conference was organized by the Ushinsky Scientific Pedagogical Library and the “Vestnik Obrazovaniya Rossii” journal with the help of the Russian Academy of Education and Sciences. The conference took place on March 27-28, 2014 at the Ushinsky Scientific Pedagogical Library of the RAE.
Keywords: conference, K.D. Ushinsky’s anniversary, scientific and pedagogical approaches of K.D. Ushinsky, ideas of K.D. Ushinsky.

 

открыть

The 11th International Scientific and Practical Conference: “Tendencies in Education Development: What are an Effective School and an Effective Kindergarten?”

Vyazemsky E.E.
 
The article reviews the 11th International Scientific and Practical Conference: “Tendencies in Education Development: What are an Effective School and an Effective Kindergarten?” which took place between February 19 and 20, 2014 at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Keywords: international conference, effective school, effective kindergarten, federal state educational standard, advancement in education quality.

 

открыть

General and Specific Didactic Problems in Modern Education

Osmolovskaya I.М.
 
The article reviews the joint “General and Specific Didactic Problems in Modern Education” round table of the Institute of Theory and History of Pedagogics of the RAE and the Institute of Content and Methods of Education of the RAE, that took place on March 20, 2014.
Keywords: didactics, subject teaching methods, humanities, natural science, arts, anthropological approach, educational reforms.

 

REFLECTING ON BOOKS

открыть

Doctor Zhivago's Birth Trauma

Lanin B.A.


‘Doctor Zhivago’ had been banned from publication in the Soviet Union. The British were suggesting that the CIA get copies of the novel behind the Iron Curtain. The idea immediately gained traction in Washington. The article reflects on the CIA involvement and argues that the artistic value of the book matters much more than new historical facts that we have learned recently. This reflection is combined with the critical analysis of the novel itself.

Keywords: Pasternak, Nobel Prize, censorship, Soviet literature.

 

IN THE WORLD OF PEDAGOGICAL JOURNALS

открыть

Magazin «National and Foreign Pedagogy» № 2(17) 2014

Thursday, 04 September 2014 11:31

2014 № 3(en)

Written by

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 PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 3-2014

CONTENTS

 

 

 

RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF EDUCATION 

 

 открыть

Objectives of the Academy at the New Stage of Development

Verbitskaya L.A.

P. 513

 

IN HONOR OF THE 190th ANNIVERSARY OF K.D. USHINSKY
 открыть

Teacher as an Object of Anthropological Reflection in K.D. Ushinsky’s
Theoretical Heritage

Lidak L.V. 

 

The article examines the tendencies of anthropological reflection in a teacher’s professional activity and personality. The peculiarities of psychological and anthropological training of teachers are analyzed. The ideas of national traditions and national spirit of education are considered. The fundamental ideas of K.D. Ushinsky’s pedagogical anthropology are analyzed with regard to the modern situation in educational practice.

Keywords: cultural-historical approach, pedagogical anthropology, teacher’s professional skills, methodology, anthropology, anthropocentrism, reflection, national traditions of education, national spirit.
P. 1421

 

открыть

K.D. Ushinsky and the Age of Great Reformation in Russia (Exploring the Beginnings of Russian Education Modernization)

Milovanov K.Y.

 

The article is devoted to the research of social views and reformist ideas of the great Russian teacher K.D. Ushinsky.

Keywords: K.D. Ushinsky, Age of Great Reforms, reforms in education, principles of educational policy, modernization of education.
      P. 22–28

 

открыть

“Choral Singing – How Powerful a Tool in Pedagogics!” (K.D. Ushinsky about Artistic Education)

Aliev Y.B. 


The article examines the artistic didactic aspect of K.D. Ushinsky’s publications and shows that in his principal works “The Russian Word” and “human Being as a Subject of Education” he expressed the notion that education through artistic means is an essential factor in developing the “human in a human being”. Also explored are the questions of musical education and choral singing which Ushinsky also worked on.

Keywords: Ushinsky’s didactic conception, questions of introduction into arts in Ushinsky’s works, musical education, choral work with children, activity oriented artistic education of school children, educational potential of introduction into arts in Ushinsky’s works.

      P. 29–36

 

открыть

Ideas of Labour Education in K.D. Ushinsky’s Pedagogical System and their Development in the Works of M.N. Skatkin

Zanaev S.Z. 

 

The article examines the views of K.D. Ushinsky on the significance of labor in upbringing, social and psychological formation of the younger generations. The continuation and development of these ideas in the scientific and pedagogical heritage and activity of M.N. Skatkin is also explored.

Keywords: labour upbringing, socio-psychological significance of labour, polytechnic education.

      P. 37–44

 

открыть

Modern K.D. Ushinsky on the National Character of Upbringing

Gontarenko Z.N.

 

The article explores the relevance of the ideas of K.D. Ushinsky, who objected to borrowing foreign educational and upbringing principles. The author appeals to Ushinsky’s ideas about national character of upbringing and considers if the search for a national basis of upbringing is necessary in modern Russia.

Keywords: national principle, national system of upbringing, patriarchal traditions.

      P. 45–51

 

открыть

Priceless Contribution of K.D. Ushinsky to the Creation of Russian National Educational Literature

Indrisova R.A.

 

The article describes the contribution of K.D. Ushinsky to pedagogical science, to the progressive reformist transformation of the Russian national school, to the creation of the first textbooks of the new type, which became the standard for elementary school Russian language textbooks for decades.

Keywords: people`s school, books of the new type, educational literature, founder, pioneer, scientific pedagogy, children’s educational literature, teacher and philosopher.

      P. 52–58

 

открыть

Influence of Pedagogical Ideas of K.D. Ushinsky on Teaching Mathematics

Kondratyeva G.V.

The article explores the most important ways K.D. Ushinsky’s ideas influenced teaching of mathematics.

Keywords: K.D. Ushinsky, teaching of mathematics, arithmetics method, geometry method, fusionism.

      P. 59–65

 

MODERNIZATION OF RUSSIAN EDUCATION

 

 открыть

Science Policy and Capitalization of Knowledge in the Russian Academy of Education: Formation of a Scientific Strategy, Evaluation and Promotion of Research results 

Novoselova S.Y.

 

This article examines the problem of forming a scientific strategy, evaluation and promotion of research results of modern scientific organizations on the example of the Russian Academy of Education. The author analyzes the characteristics of the state science policy, reveals and substantiates the necessity of managing intellectual property and the results of intellectual activity of modern scientific organizations. On the basis of this study, the author formulates the basic characteristics of the capitalization of scientific knowledge and research results promotion.

Keywordsscience policy, scientific strategy, information technology and information resource management,capitalization of scientific knowledge and the promotion of research results.

      P. 66–90

 

THEORY OF MODERN EDUCATION
открыть

Basics of Realization of Educational Potential of Social Studies

Korosteleva A.A. 

 

The article is devoted to the problem of realization of educational potential of social studies, and determines the conditions and directions of the actualization of this process.

Keywords: education, educational potential, educational direction, polyculturalism, tolerance.

      P. 91–99

 

NEW RESEARCHES IN EDUCATION
открыть

Professional Problems of a School Teacher in Germany

Pisareva L.I. 

 

The article deals with the main problems of the teacher’s profession in Germany, the ways of overcoming stressful situations and large productive load. It also examines the different types of student motivation for choosing their future professional activity in the field of school education.

Keywords: profession, teacher, motivation, investigation, pedagogical education, social status.

      P. 100–110

 

открыть The Concept of a Systemic Technological Approach to the Optimization of School Physics Textbook Content
Mashinyan A.A., Kochergina N.V. 
 

Based on documented historical and content-cognitive analysis, the article identifies the major contradictions and problems of the modern physics course content in Russia. The article also suggests ways to overcome them in accordance with the recent adoption of the Federal Law on Education and the Federal State Educational Standards of primary and secondary education. The authors formulate the didactic principle of cognitive construction of the content of education. The main concepts of the systemic and technological approach to optimizing the content of physical education are defined, while the shortcomings and ways of optimizing the working conditions of a physics teacher are revealed.

Keywords: systemic and technological approach, content optimization of the school physics course, cognitive educational technology, cognitive psychological and pedagogical barriers, principle of cognitive construction of the content of education, periods of mental development of schoolchildren, documented-historical analysis, analysis of systemic activity, cognitive analysis of the content of educational materials, cognitive and technological method of a propaedeutic harmonization and didactic justification of content, working conditions of physics teachers, attestation of teachers, indicators of qualification and professionalism of teachers.
      P. 111–128

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES
открыть

Development Perspectives of the Scientific and Educational Information Resources Based on Open Technology

Antopolsky A.B. 
 

The article characterizes the possibilities of using open information resources in the field of education.

Keywords: open software, open standards, open archives, open education, open science.

      P. 129–138

 

открыть

Asynchronous Learning as a Factor of the Development of Subjectivity in Students

Dyakonov B.P. 
 

The article focuses on the problem of students' subjectivity development as participants of the educational process. The author shows that different forms of asynchronous learning, which are widespread and inculcated into higher education practice, provide the best way for this development.

Keywords: synchronous education, asynchronous education, subject-to-subject educational relationship, tutor, facilitator, moderator.

      P. 139–145

 

открыть

Effectiveness of Searching for Music Informatics Educational Materials on the Internet

Beloozerov V.N. 
 

The article describes an experiment to assess the effectiveness of Internet search for "Introduction to information science" course training material by students of musical specialties at the Moscow State University for Culture and Arts. Yandex and Google search engines were taken as the search tools. Their effectiveness was assessed by the classic accuracy rate T and the newly introduced adequacy search ratio D. Figure D was determined by the degree of user satisfaction of the search results. The experiment demonstrates the suitability of T and D indicators for numerical evaluation of Internet search engines efficiency.

Keywords: information search effectiveness, Internet search engines, search accuracy, search sufficiency, Yandex, Google, introduction to informatics, music informatics.

      P. 146–156

 

SCIENTIFIC LIFE
открыть

Processes of Modernization of Education in Russia and Abroad

Boguslavsky M.V. 
      P. 157–163

 

REFLECTING ON BOOKS
открыть

Conceptual Aspect of Methodology in Pedagogics

Belyaeva M.A. 

 

The article is a review of the materials from the scientific work compilation “Methodology of Pedagogics: Conceptual Aspect”, composed by an Academician of the Russian Academy of Education E.V.Tkachenko and Professor M.A. Galaguzova. The book presents the articles of educational workers on the discussed topic, published in the leading pedagogical journals.

Keywords: review, methodology of pedagogics, E.V. Tkachenko, M.A. Galaguzova, scientific work compilation.

       P. 164–168

 

открыть

Time of Freedom, Time of Hope

Lanin B.A.


The article discusses various approaches to the 90s. Moral aspect of renovation is in focus though political and judicial institutions are also interpreted deeply as well as new relationships between state and mass-media. The most important was the process of reformation that built a foundation for future Russia’s integration into the modern world.

Keywords: reforms, moral renewal, establishing of democratic institutions, the media, and culture.
P. 169–171

 

IN THE WORLD OF PEDAGOGICAL JOURNALS
открыть

Magazin «National and Foreign Pedagogy» № 3(18) 2014

      P. 172–173
Thursday, 28 August 2014 12:22

2014 № 4(en)

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 PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 4-2014

CONTENTS

 

 

 

FROM THE EDITORS

 

 открыть

When Writing “Culture” – We Mean “Education”, when Writing “Textbook” – We Mean “Primer”

P. 56

 

FIRST PRIMERS IN WESTERN AND EASTERN EUROPE

 открыть

Educational Books of the 16th Century: Medieval Heritage and Birth of the Primer

Bezrogov V.G., Markarova T.S., Barannikova N.B.

 

The article presents the main characteristics and typology of educational literature for elementary schools during the period of transition from medieval heritage to the early modern period, from manuscripts to printed text of the 15th-16th centuries. The authors propose methodological approaches to the analysis of educational literature of the historical periods.

Keywords: school textbook, Ancient Greece & Rome, the Middle Ages, early modern period, book printing, educational book publishing, dialogue, grammar, religious education.
P. 732

 

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Images of the World and the Systems of Values in Post-Reformation German Primers

Levinson K.A.

 

The article offers some preliminary remarks concerning the studying of world images and value systems reflected in post-reformation German primers. The author points out the epistemological difficulties in identifying the precise contents and the “bearers” of the views presented in the primers’ texts and illustrations. In particular, the meanings which are translated through latent education deserve a special analysis, as they are not expressed directly but are hidden in the contexts and subtexts of the textbooks.

Keywords: primers, textbooks, world image, school, Germany, value systems, history.
      P. 33–40

 

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Eastern Slavic Primers of the 16th Century: A Comparative Analysis

Moshkova L.V.


The article presents a comparative analysis of the eastern Slavic primers, published in the 16th century on Ukrainian and Belarussian territory, from the primer published by Ivan Fedorov in 1574 to the “Nauka” textbook published by Lavrentiy and Stefan Zizaniy in 1596. The textbooks are also compared to other Slavic primers published in the same century in Poland, Germany, Italy, Bohemia and other countries. The author reveals the reasons for their similarities and differences, explains the processes which lead to the influence of other Christian confessions on eastern Slavic textbooks of the 16th century.

Keywords: eastern Slavic primers of the 16th century, Ivan Fedorov, contents of the primers, Lavrentiy Zizaniy, Stefan Zizaniy, Polish primers, primers for the Slavic population published in Tubingen, Venice and other cities.

      P. 41–51

 

SCHOOL TEXTBOOKS IN THE WORKS OF BALTIC RESEARCHERS

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Reading Books and Primers in Latvian in the 17th–18th Centuries: From Religious to Secular Content

Krūze A., Vugule Ē.

 

The history of Latvian primers and reading books of the 17th-18th centuries is divided into two periods: the period when religios literature completely fulfilled the functions of educational literature and the period when it began to be supplemented by secular texts. The article alalyses the content and design of religious literature, that served the function of textbooks, in the context of development of pedagogical thought, linguistics, history of culture, history of the school and individual authors. The author demonstrates that the textbook came into being when it became essential. The authors of the first primers and reading books were German pastors and literati, which had a good understanding of the everyday social reality and conditions of Latvian life, the pursuit of social freedom of the Latvian people and viewed the prevalent social norms as a whole with the goals and objectives of education.

Keywords: pedagogical thought, education, upbringing, reading book, primer, history of reading.

      P. 52–65

 

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Modern Literature Study Aid Sets in Latvia

Kaļķe B., Stikute E.

 

The article explores the process of creation and publication of modern study aid sets in Latvia and presents the analysis of already published sets of literature study aids for grade 4 in terms of their content, structure and methodology. The research methods used in the article are based on the analysis of various sources (normative state documents that regulate the creation and publication of teaching aids for literature and literature study aid sets for grade 4) and scientific literature.

Keywords: teaching standard in literature, model of the school Literature curriculum, set of literature study aids for grade 4.

      P. 66–80

 

открыть The Sources of a Child’s Knowledge: Is the Textbook among Them?
Žogla I., Tuna A.
 

The article presents the results of the study of the sources from which elementary school students acquire their knowledge in Latvia. The conducted research established the extent of the textbooks compliance with the pedagogical paradigm oriented at independent study. The article proposes several criteria for the assessment of new-generation textbooks according to the study paradigm, provides an analysis of disagreements between teacher and student use of the criteria. The authors draw conclusions concerning the creation and use of modern textbooks, necessity of new approaches in teaching using electronic sources and shifting the accents in the textbook contents from the teaching paradigm to the study paradigm, as well as innovation in pedagogical education.

Keywords: textbooks, e-sources, new generation learning, problems of using textbooks, new developments, education in Latvia.
      P. 81–97

 

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Educational Literature in Orthodox Schools of Liflyandia between the Second Half of the 19th and the Beginning of the 20th Centuries as a Method of Inclusion of non-Russian subjects into the Empire

Paert I.
 

The article focuses on the textbooks used in the Orthodox schools of Livland in the period between 1840 and 1917. The intention here is to reconstruct the functioning of the textbook in the Imperial situation, that is historical and geographical conditions when education was under the influence of heterogenenous political and cultural factors. This had a reflection on polilinguality, multiconfessionality and heterogeneous character of pedagogical principles in elementary school. The article is supported by the examples from the textbooks of religion, Russian and Estonian as well as the school readers.The activity of more than 470 schools in Livland, Estland and Courland had made an impact on the cultural, religious and social life of the Ostsee provinces of the Russian Empire. These schools have been established by the Russian government for the Estonian and Latvian converts to Orthodoxy in the 1840s. The provision of the textbooks for these schools had a spontaneous and ad hoc chanracheter, at least until the reforms of the 1880s.: some textbooks were written by Estonian and Latvian authors, others were translated from Russian. 

Keywords: textbooks, the Russian Empire, Ostsee provinces, Russian language, methods of language teaching, religion as a subject, readers, non-Russian schools, Orthodox church, Estonian language, national awakening, lieux de memoire.

      P. 98–124

 

SCHOOL TEXTBOOKS IN THE WORKS OF ITALIAN RESEARCHERS

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Elementary School Textbook Control under Fascism: From the Establishment of the Central Commission for the Examination of School Textbooks to the Introduction of the State Textbook Standard

Sani R.
 

On the basis of a wide array of archival and printed documentation, the author reconstructs different forms, ways and stages through which Fascist Italy, beginning with the Gentile Reform of 1923, managed to exert direct ideology and politics on the elementary school textbook with the decision to introduce in all elementary school grades the so-called  State Schoolbooks (Testi unici di Stato) specially arranged according to the directives of the Fascist regime. 

Keywords: history of education, Italy, fascism, 20th century, school textbook, school reforms

      P. 125–137

 

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Building National Identity in Post-Unitary Italy through Elementary School History Textbooks (1861–1900)

Ascenzi A.

 

This article demonstrates the importance of school textbooks for civic and political education of younger generations through the author’s analysis of a large body of elementary school history textbooks published during the first forty years of unification of Italy between 1961 and the end of the 19th century. The major concentration point of the article deals with the questions of origin and development of specific types of educational literature in conjunction with the growth of national school publishing houses, evolution of ideological contents of history textbooks for elementary schools depending on the changes of the political and cultural context of a given period, didactic use of history textbooks by elementary school teachers. 

Keywords: history of education, Italy, 19th century, teaching history; school textbooks; children's literature.

      P. 138–152

 

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Teaching Ancient and Medieval History in Fascist and Soviet Schools during the Interwar Period: A Comparison of Elementary School Textbooks

Caroli D.
 

The article analyses the contents of Italian and Soviet textbooks of ancient and medieval history in order to compare not only the different views of the past and their use for ideoloagical objectives, which have been thoroughly studied by historians, but also the images of the ancient times and civilizations which were readily translated and popularized by both regimes in schools and throughout society.

Keywords: history of education, Italy, Soviet Union, 20th century, fascism and stalinism, teaching ancient and medieval history, school textbooks.

      P. 153–173

 

SCHOOL TEXTBOOKS IN THE WORKS OF RUSSIAN RESEARCHERS

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Major Trends in Elementary School Geometry Textbook Improvement in the Second Half of the 19th Century

Kondratyeva G.V.

 

The article examines the main trends оf improvement of the elementary school geometry textbook in the 19th century. The author proposes an original classification of the main directions and trends in textbook development. Well-known (A. Davidov, M. Kosinski, Z. Vulin), as well as practically forgotten (W.Volens) publications are taken into account.

Keywords: textbook, teaching geometry, second half of the 19th century.

       P. 174–180

 

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The Village Close and Distant: The Image of the Village in Soviet and Post-Soviet Reading Books for Elementary Schools

Kozlova M.A.


The article describes the image of the village, created in elementary school textbooks. The research is based on the comparative perspective – analysis of the content of Soviet (1974-80), and post-Soviet (2004-05) textbooks. The analysis of the post-Soviet period textbooks revealed the dominance of the rural environment over the urban one, of the rural labor in the village over all other types. In the post-Soviet textbooks the descriptions of village life and work are much less detailed and informative than in the Soviet textbooks. The presented portrait of the village is a complex one (the village as a breadwinner, a laborer, a source of vitality, "root system" of the citizen, the keeper of traditions), but the national romantic component clearly dominates.

Keywords:elementary school, textbook, countryside, comparative analysis.
P. 181201

 

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Udmurt People or Rural People? School Children’s Perception of the Rural Ethnic Culture Markers Presented in Primers

Vlasova T.A., Plotnikova A.P.

 

The article presents the results of the study of schoolchildren’s perception of ethnic culture representations. Compositions written by students of urban and rural schools have been compared. The content analysis of compositions based on a book picture shows social inequality between the city and the village as well as differentiation of  urban and rural areas rather than opposition of Udmurt and Russian ethnic traditions.

Keywords: educational sociology, regional educational policy, ethnic education, visual study.

P. 202–219

 

 

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Gender and Professional Socialization in Textbooks for Elementary Schools and Preparatory Classes in 2000s

Kolosova E.A.

 

The article examines the problem of gender stereotype translation to preschool and elementary school children. The author analyses the possibility of elementary and preschool textbooks as channels of such gender stereotype translation. Means of gender socialization of preschool children used by textbooks as sources of information are defined through the description of the world of professions.

Keywords: gender socialization, professional socialization, gender roles, gender stereotypes, channels of gender stereotype translation, textbooks, content analysis.

       P. 219–223
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2014 № 4

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 ПРОБЛЕМЫ СОВРЕМЕННОГО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ

№ 4-2014

Содержание

 

 

 

ОТ РЕДАКЦИИ

 

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Пишем "культура" – подразумеваем "образование", пишем "учебник" – подразумеваем "букварь"

С. 56

 

ПЕРВЫЕ БУКВАРИ В ЗАПАДНОЙ И ВОСТОЧНОЙ ЕВРОПЕ

 

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Учебные книги XVI в.: средневековое наследие и рождение букваря

Безрогов В.Г., Макарова Т.С., Баранникова Н.Б.
 

В статье представлены основные характеристики и типология учебной литературы для начального обучения в период перехода от средневекового наследия к раннему Новому времени, от мира рукописных учебных пособий  к культуре печатного слова XVXVI столетий. Предлагаются методологические подходы к анализу учебной литературы данных исторических периодов.

Ключевые слова: учебник, Античность, Средневековье, Новое время, книгопечатание, учебное книгоиздание, диалог, грамматика, религиозное обучение.

С. 732

 

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Образы мира и системы ценностей в постреформационных немецких букварях

 

Левинсон К.А.
 

В статье высказываются предварительные соображения относительно проблематики изучения картин мира и систем ценностей, отражаемых немецкими букварями постреформационного периода. Автор указывает на эпистемологические сложности в определении как точного содержания, так и «носителя» представлений, выявляемых в текстах и иллюстрациях учебников. В частности, особого исследования требуют те смыслы, которые транслируются путем латентного учебного процесса, поскольку они не высказаны прямо, а заложены в контексте и подтексте учебников. 

Ключевые слова: буквари, учебники, картина мира, школа, Германия, системы ценностей, история.

      С. 33–40

 

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Восточнославянские буквари XVI в.: сравнительный анализ

Мошкова Л.В.

В статье проводится сопоставительный анализ восточнославянских учебников для обучения чтению, изданных в XVI в. на украинско-белорусских землях, начиная с букваря Ивана Федорова 1574 г. и заканчивая «Наукой» Лаврентия и Стефана Зизаниев 1596 г. Данные книги сравниваются как между собой, так и с другими славянскими букварями, изданными в этом столетии в Польше, Германии, Италии, Богемии и других странах. Раскрываются причины их сходства и различия, выявляются и объясняются процессы влияния учебников иных христианских конфессий на восточнославянские учебники XVI столетия.

Ключевые слова: восточнославянские буквари XVI в.,  Иван Федоров, состав и содержание букварей, Лаврентий Зизаний, Стефан Зизаний, польские буквари, буквари для славянского населения, изданные в Тюбингене, Венеции и других городах. 

      С. 41–51

 

ШКОЛЬНЫЕ УЧЕБНИКИ В ТРУДАХ УЧЁНЫХ БАЛТИЙСКИХ СТРАН

 

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Книги для чтения и азбука на латышском языке в XVIIXVIII вв.: от церковного содержания к светскому 

Крузе А., Вугуле Э.
 

В истории латышских азбук и книг для чтения XVII и XVIII вв. выделены этапы, когда религиозная литература полностью выполняла функции учебных книг и когда в дополнение к ней появились светские тексты. В статье проанализировано содержание и оформление религиозной литературы, выполнявшей функции учебников, в контексте развития педагогической мысли, языкознания, истории культуры, истории школы и личностей авторов. Показано, что учебник появился, когда в нем назрела объективная необходимость. Авторами первых учебников и книг для чтения были немецкие пасторы и литераторы, которые хорошо представляли себе реалии и условия общественной жизни латышей, их стремление к социальному освобождению, а господствующие в обществе ценности (религиозные и светские) рассматривали в единстве с целями и задачами воспитания.

Ключевые слова: педагогическая мысль, образование, воспитание, книга для чтения, азбука, история чтения.

      С. 52–65

 

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Современные учебные комплексы по литературе в Латвии

Кальке Б., Стикуте Э.
 

В статье охарактеризован процесс разработки и издания современных комплектов учебных пособий в Латвии, проанализированы новейшие учебные комплекты по литературе для 4 класса (их содержание, структура), а также предлагаемые методики. Исследованы источники (государственные нормативные документы, регламентирующие разработку и издание учебных пособий по литературе, учебные комплекты по литературе для 4 класса), и научная литература по рассматриваемой теме.

Ключевые слова: стандарт по литературе, образец программы учебного предмета «Литература», учебные пособия по литературе для 4 класса.

      С. 66–80

 

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Источники познаний ребенка: есть ли среди них учебник?

Жогла И., Туна А.
 
В статье отражены результаты исследования источников, которыe используют ученики начальной школы Латвии. В ходе исследования было изучено, насколько учебники соответствуют педагогической парадигме, ориентированной на самостоятельность в учении и ее стимулирование (парадигме учения). В статье предложены критерии для оценки учебников нового поколения с точки зрения внедрения парадигмы учения, дан анализ несовпадений при использовании этих критериев учителями и учащимися. Сделаны выводы относительно создания и использования современных учебников, необходимости новых подходов в преподавании с применением электронных учебников и смещения акцентов в их содержании с парадигмы преподавания на парадигму учения, а также новых акцентов в педагогическом образовании.

Ключевые слова: учебники, электронные ресурсы, новое поколение учения, проблемы в использовании учебников, нововведения, образование в Латвии.

      С. 81–97

 

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Учебная литература в православных школах Лифляндии во второй половине XIX  начале XX вв. как способ включения инородцев в имперское пространство

Пярт И.
 

В настоящей статье рассматриваются учебники, которые использовались в православных школах Лифляндии до 1917 г. Целью статьи является реконструкция функционирования учебника в имперской ситуации, то есть в таких исторических и географических условиях, когда образование формировалось под воздействием разнородных политических и культурных сил, что отражалось в полилингвальности, многоконфессиональности и гетерогенности педагогических принципов обучения в начальной школе. Статья носит обзорный характер, сопровождается примерами из учебников Закона Божия, русского и эстонского языков и хрестоматий для чтения. 

Ключевые слова: учебники, Российская империя, Остзейские провинции, русский язык, методы преподавания языка, Закон Божий, хрестоматии, инородческая школа, начальная школа, православная церковь, эстонский язык, национальное пробуждение, места памяти.  

      С. 98–124

 

ШКОЛЬНЫЕ УЧЕБНИКИ В ТРУДАХ ИТАЛЬЯНСКИХ УЧЁНЫХ

 

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Контроль над учебниками для начальной школы в период фашизма: от основания центральной Комиссии по проверке школьных учебников до введения государственного текста единого образца

Сани Р.
 

Автор на архивных и опубликованных источниках реконструирует различные пути, формы и этапы, через которые фашистская Италия от реформы Джентиле 1923 г. пришла к введению в 1928 г. единых учебников для всех классов начальной школы, аранжированных под прямым влиянием фашистского режима, его идеологии и политики. 

Ключевые слова: история образования, Италия, фашизм, ХХ век, школьный учебник, школьные реформы.

      С. 125–137

 

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Становление национальной идентичности объединенной Италии в зеркале учебников по истории для начальных школ (18611900)

Ашенци А.
 

В статье показана важность школьных учебников для гражданского и политического образования молодых поколений. Автор подтверждает это анализом значительного количества учебников истории для начальной школы, изданных в период с 1861 г. до конца XIX в. (в первые 40 лет после объединения Италии). В статье основное внимание уделено вопросам происхождения и развития отдельных видов учебных пособий на фоне роста национальных школьных издательских домов; эволюции идеологического содержания учебников по истории для начальной школы в соответствии с изменением политического и культурного контекста в рассматриваемый период; дидактического применения учебников истории учителями начальной школы.

Ключевые слова: история образования, Италия, XIX век, преподавание истории, учебник, детская литература.

      С. 138–152

 

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Преподавание древней и средневековой истории в фашистских и советских школах
в межвоенный период: сравнение учебников для начальной школы

Кароли Д.
 

Задачей данной статьи является анализ содержания итальянских и советских учебников по древней и средневековой истории с целью сравнить не только различное представление прошлого и его использование в идеологических целях, достаточно хорошо известные историкам, но и образы древности и древних цивилизаций, которые оба режима старались транслировать и распространять в школе и за ее пределами.

Ключевые слова: история образования, Италия, СССР, ХХ век, фашизм, сталинизм, преподавание древней и средневековой истории, учебник

      С. 153–173

 

ШКОЛЬНЫЕ УЧЕБНИКИ В ТРУДАХ РОССИЙСКИХ УЧЁНЫХ

 

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Ведущие тенденции в совершенствовании учебника по геометрии в начальной школе второй половины XIX в.

Кондратьева Г.В.
 
В статье рассмотрены основные направления совершенствования учебника по геометрии для начальной школы XIX в. Предложена авторская классификация основных направлений и течений в развитии учебника. Рассмотрены как хорошо известные издания (А.Ю. Давидова, М.О. Косинского. З.Б. Вулиха), так и забытые книги (В.П. Воленса).

Ключевые слова: учебник, обучение геометрии, вторая половина XIXв.

       С. 174–180

 

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Деревня близкая и далекая: образ села в советских и постсоветских учебниках по чтению для начальной школы

Козлова М.А.

В статье рассматривается образ деревни, создаваемый в учебниках для начальной школы. Исследование строится в сравнительной перспективе: анализу подвергается контент учебников чтения советского (19741980 гг.) и постсоветского (20042005 гг.) периодов. В ходе анализа выявлено доминирование в учебниках постсоветского периода сельской среды над городской, сельского труда в деревне  над всеми прочими. При этом в постсоветских учебниках описания жизни села и трудовой деятельности крестьян гораздо менее детальные и информативные, нежели в учебниках советского периода. Хотя представлен поликомпонентный портрет деревни (деревня  кормилица, труженица, источник жизненных сил, «корневая система» горожанина, хранительница традиций), в нем явно доминирует национально-романтический компонент.

Ключевые слова: начальная школа, учебник, деревня, сравнительный анализ.

С. 181201

 

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Удмурты или селяне? Особенности восприятия школьниками маркеров сельской этнической культуры, представленных в букварях

Власова Т.А., Плотникова А.П.
 

В статье представлены итоги исследования характера восприятия школьниками образов этнической культуры. Сравнивались сочинения учеников городской гимназии и сельских школ. Тексты сочинений по иллюстрации позволяют выявить социальное неравенство между городом и селом. Результаты исследования показывают, что сочинения демонстрируют не столько противопоставление удмуртской и русской этнических традиций, сколько дифференциацию сельского и городского пространства.

Ключевые слова: социология образования, региональная образовательная политика, этнокультурное образование, визуальные исследования.

С. 202–219

 

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Гендерная и профессиональная социализация детей в учебниках для начальных и подготовительных классов (2000-е гг.)

Колосова Е.А.
 

В статье рассматривается проблема трансляции гендерных стереотипов детям дошкольного и младшего школьного возраста. Анализируются возможности учебников для начальных и подготовительных классов как каналов такой трансляции, определяются средства гендерной социализации дошкольников, используемые в учебниках как источниках информации, на примере описания мира профессий.

Ключевые слова: гендерная социализация, профессиональная социализация, гендерные роли, гендерные стереотипы, каналы трансляции гендерных стереотипов, учебники, контент-анализ.

       С. 219–223
Friday, 04 July 2014 12:32

2014 № 3

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2014, номер 3

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открыть Задачи Академии на новом этапе её развития
 
Вербицкая Л.А.
Verbitskaya L.A.
Доклад на общем собрании Российской академии образования, г.Москва, 29 апреля 2014г.
 С. 5-13
 

 

открыть Педагог как объект антропологической рефлексии в теоретическом наследии К.Д.Ушинского
 
Лидак Л.В.
Lidak L.V.

В статье рассматриваются тенденции антропологической рефлексии профессиональной деятельности и личности педагога, характеризуются особенности психологической и антропологической подготовки учителя в свете идей национальных традиций и народности образования, анализируются фундаментальные идеи педагогической антропологии К.Д. Ушинского
применительно к современной ситуации в образовательной практике.

 С. 14-21
 

 

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К.Д. Ушинский и эпоха Великих реформ в России (к истокам модернизации

отечественного образования)

 
Милованов К.Ю.
Milovanov K.Y.

Статья посвящена исследованию общественных взглядов и реформаторских идей великого русского педагога К.Д. Ушинского.

 С. 22-28
 

 

открыть  «Какое это могучее педагогическое средство — хоровое пение!» (К.Д. Ушинский о художественном образовании)
 
Алиев Ю.Б.
Aliev Y.B.
 Рассматривается художественно-дидактический аспект публикаций К.Д. Ушинского, показывается,
что в своих основных трудах «Русское слово» и «Человек как предмет воспитания» великий
педагог рассматривал воспитание искусством как важный фактор становления «человеческого
в человеке». Большое место в данной статье занимает освещение разработанных Ушинским
вопросов музыкального воспитания и хорового пения.
 С. 29-36
 

 

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Идеи трудового воспитания в педагогической системе К.Д. Ушинского и их развитие в деятельности М.Н. Скаткина

 
Занаев С.З.
Zanaev S.Z.
 В статье рассматриваются взгляды К.Д. Ушинского на значение труда в воспитании, социально-психологическом становлении и формировании подрастающих поколений.
Показывается, какое развитие эти идеи получили в научно-педагогическом наследии М.Н. Скаткина.
 С. 37-44
 

 

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К.Д. Ушинский о национальном характере воспитания

 
Гонтаренко Ж.Н.
Gontarenko Z.N.
Актуальными являются идеи выдающегося мыслителя второй половины ХIХ столетия К.Д. Ушинского, выступавшего против заимствования чужеродных образовательных и воспитательных принципов. Мы обращаемся к размышлениям Ушинского о национальном характере воспитания, так как считаем необходимым поиск национальных основ воспитания в современной России.
 С. 45-51
 
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Бесценный вклад К.Д.Ушинского в создание отечественной учебной литературы

 
Индрисова Р.А.
Indrisova R.A.
В статье охарактеризован вклад К.Д. Ушинского в педагогическую науку, в прогрессивное преобразование русской народной школы, в создание первых учебных книг нового типа, ставших на десятилетия эталоном учебных пособий по русскому языку для начальных классов.
 С. 52-58
 

 

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Влияние педагогических идей К.Д. Ушинского на совершенствование преподавания математики

 
Кондратьева Г.А.
Kondratyeva G.V.

В статье рассмотрены основные направления влияния идей Ушинского на совершенствование преподавания математики.

С. 59-65
 

 

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Научная политика и капитализация знания в Российской академии образования: формирование научной стратегии и продвижение результатов исследовательской деятельности

 
Новоселова С.Ю.
Novoselova S.Y.

Рассмотрены проблемы формирования научной стратегии, оценки и продвижения результатов исследовательской деятельности современных научных организаций на примере Российской академии образования. Проанализированы характерные особенности государственной научной политики. Выявлена и обоснована необходимость управления интеллектуальной собственностью и результатами интеллектуальной деятельности современных научных организаций. На основе проведенного исследования автором формулируются основные характеристики капитализации научного знания и продвижения результатов научных исследований.

 С. 66-90
 

 

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Основы реализации воспитательного потенциала учебного предмета «Обществознание»

 
Коростелева А.А. 
Korosteleva A.A.

Статья посвящена вопросам реализации воспитательного потенциала учебного предмета «Обществознание»; определены условия и направления актуализации данного процесса.

 С. 91-99
 

 

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Профессиональные проблемы школьного учителя в Германии

 
Писарева Л.И.
Pisareva L.I.

В статье раскрываются основные проблемы профессии учителя в Германии, предлагаются пути преодоления стрессовых ситуаций и больших «производственных» нагрузок; рассматриваются различные виды мотиваций абитуриентов при выборе ими будущей профессиональной деятельности в качестве школьного учителя.

С. 100-110
 

 

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Концепция системно-технологического подхода к оптимизации содержания школьного курса физики

 
Машиньян А.А., Кочергина Н.В.
Mashinyan A.A., Kochergina N.V.
 В работе на основе документально-исторического и содержательно-когнитивного анализа выявлены основные противоречия и проблемы современного содержания школьного физического образования в России. Предложены пути их преодоления с учетом Федерального закона «Об образовании в РФ» и Федеральных государственных образовательных стандартов основного и среднего общего образования. Сформулирован дидактический принцип когнитивного построения содержания образования. Определены основные положения системно-технологического подхода к оптимизации содержания физического образования. Установлены недостатки и определены пути улучшения условий работы учителя физики.
 С. 111-128
 

 

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Перспективы развития научно-образовательных информационных ресурсов на основе открытых технологий

 
Антопольский А.Б.
Antopolsky A.B.

В статье характеризуются возможности использования открытых информационных ресурсов, в том числе в сфере образования.

 С. 129-138
 

 

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Асинхронное обучение как фактор развития субъектности студентов

 
Дьяконов Б.П.
Dyakonov B.P.

В статье рассматривается проблема развития субъектности студентов как участников образовательного процесса и показывается, что наиболее благоприятные условия для этого обеспечивают различные формы асинхронного обучения, которые получают все большее
распространение в практике вузовского преподавания.

 С. 139-145
 

 

открыть Эффективность поиска в Интернете учебного материала по музыкальной информатике
 
Белоозеров В.Н.
Beloozerov V.N.

Описан эксперимент по оценке эффективности поиска в Интернете учебного материала по курсу введения в информатику студентами музыкальных специальностей Московского государственного университета культуры и искусств. В качестве инструмента поиска взяты  поисковые системы Яндекс и Гугл. Их эффективность оценивалась классическим показателем точности Т и вновь введённым показателем достаточности поиска Д. Показатель Д определялся по степени удовлетворённости пользователя результатами поиска. Эксперимент сведетельствует о пригодности показателей Т и Д для численной оценки и сравнения эффективности поисковых систем Интернета.

 С. 146 156
 

 

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Модернизационные процессы в российском и зарубежном образовании

 
Богуславский М.В., Куликова С.В.
Boguslavsky M.V., Kulikova S.V.

Освещается работа XXX юбилейной сессии Научного совета по проблемам истории образования и педагогической науки РАО, которая проходила 16–17 июня 2014 г. в Санкт-Петербургской академии постдипломного педагогического образования. Сессия была посвящена модернизационным процессам в российском и зарубежном образовании XVIII– начала XXI вв.

 С. 157-163
 

 

 открыть  Понятийный аспект методологии педагогики
 
Беляева М.А.
Belyaeva M.A.
Дан обзор материалов сборника научных трудов «Методология педагогики: понятийный аспект», составленного академиком РАО Ткаченко Е.В. и профессором Галагузовой М.А. В сборнике представлены статьи деятелей образования по указанной тематике, опубликованные в ведущих педагогических журналах.
С. 164-168
 

 

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Время свободы, время надежд (размышления над книгой «Понимая “девяностые”»)

 
Ланин Б.А.
Lanin B.A.
 
Настоящая статья представляет собой размышления о книге «Понимая “девяностые”», в которой рассматриваются различные трактовки  90-х гг. ХХ в. Особое внимание в рассматриваемом издании уделяется моральному обновлению страны, становлению политических и юридических институтов, развитию новых отношений между СМИ и государством, важная роль отводится реформам, которые фактически преобразили страну и создали основу для дальнейшей интеграции России в мировое сообщество.
 С.169-171
 
 открыть В мире педагогических журналов
 
Журнал «Отечетвенная и зарубежная педагогика»
Magazine «National and Foreign Pedagogy»
Мы продолжаем знакомить читателей с содержанием недавно вышедших номеров российских педагогических журналов. Предлагаем вашему вниманию содержание № 3 (18) за 2014 год журнала «Отечественная и зарубежная педагогика».
С. 172-173
 
 


 
 
 
 

 
 
Wednesday, 30 April 2014 10:39

2014 № 2

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2014, номер 2

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открыть Гражданские и мировоззренческие истоки творчества К.Д. Ушинского
 
 Днепров Э.Д.
 Dneprov E.D.
Статья посвящена системной характеристике мировоззрения К.Д. Ушинского.
 С. 5-15
 

 

открыть Путь в педагогику: субъективные предпосылки развития отечественной науки
 
 Булкин А.П. Кукушкина И.Ю.
 Bulkin A.P.  Kukushkina I.Y

 В статье исследуются некоторые аспекты предыстории формирования отечественной педагогики, рассматриваются переломные этапы жизни и деятельности К.Д. Ушинского, анализируются причины, побудившие преподавателя-юриста серьезно заняться педагогикой как наукой и стать основоположником отечественной педагогики.

 С. 16-24
 

 

открыть Ушинский – преподаватель права
 
Данилина Е.А.
Danilina E.A.

В статье изложены взгляды К.Д. Ушинского на проблемы права. Статья подготовлена на основе изучения его лекций, прочитанных в ярославском Демидовском лицее в 1846–1848 гг. Лекции К.Д. Ушинского были впервые опубликованы А.Н. Острогорским и вошли в «Собрание неизданных сочинений К.Д. Ушинского», вышедшее в Санкт-Петербурге в 1908 г. Автор делает вывод о том, что вся концепция педагогической системы К.Д. Ушинского основана прежде всего на его правовых взглядах, на его уверенности в том, что человек должен знать «внутренний организм своего государства и законы, по которым движется государственная жизнь в этом организме».

 С. 25-27
 

 

открыть  Родное слово К.Д. Ушинского
 
 Ветчинова М.Н. 
 Vetchinova M.N.
 В статье анализируются высказывания К.Д. Ушинского о русском языке, о важности изучения родного языка, его образовательном и воспитательном потенциале, о роли русских сказок, пословиц и поговорок при обучении чтению, о необходимости изучения иностранного языка.
 С. 28-31
 

 

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О роли педагогических идей К.Д. Ушинского в современном образовательном пространстве

 
 Кочерга И.В.
 Kocherga I.V.
 Статья посвящена «антрoпoлoгизации» педагoгики, в частности идеям К.Д. Ушинского. Им была определена роль педагога в образовательном пространстве школы, обоснованы основные факторы становления личности.
 С. 32-35
 

 

открыть  Роль этнического фактора в формировании «народной школы»
 
Берестнева А.В.
Berestneva A.B.
Статья развивает идею, согласно которой каждый народ должен строить свое воспитание и образование, исходя из этнической составляющей. В работе доказывается, что национальная идеология является основой образования, а «народный учитель» выступает носителем и транслятором национальных традиций. 
 С. 36-43
 

 

открыть  Реализация идей К.Д. Ушинского в практике тьюторского сопровождения воспитания и социализации детей
 
 Ткачева А.Н.
 Tkacheva A.N.
В статье анализируются взгляды К.Д. Ушинского, касающиеся проблемы воспитания и использования зарубежного опыта в отечественной педагогике, народности воспитания, взгляды на педагогику как науку о воспитании, формировании Человека, его представление о воспитании как социальном явлении. Раскрываются особенности и направления тьюторского сопровождения воспитания и социализации детей и рассматриваются возможные пути использования наследия великого ученого в организации современного воспитательного пространства и практики тьюторского сопровождения.
 С. 44-52
 

 

открыть  Образование в Европейском Союзе
 
 Савина А.К.
 Savina A.K.

В статье характеризуется деятельность образовательных систем стран Европейского Союза в рамках реализации положений Маастрихтского трактата. Раскрываются основные направления образовательной интеграции, направленной на достижение общей стратегической цели.

 С. 53-64
 

 

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Культурологическая и гуманистическая модели образовательной среды: логика взаимодействия

 
 Коростелева А.А.
 Korosteleva A. A.

В статье рассматриваются вопросы развития современной образовательной парадигмы, призванной стать элементом культуры. 

 С. 67-72
 

 

открыть Использование дидактических троп на местности в школьном обучении
 
Мареш Т. 
Maresz T.

В статье характеризуются «дидактические тропы» – особая форма специально организованных экскурсий для школьников в польских школах.

 С. 73-88
 

 

открыть Латинский алфавит для русских слов
 
Белоозеров В.Н.
Beloozerov V.N.

Статья посвящена проблеме транслитерации русских слов.

 С. 89-95
 

 

открыть Начальное обучение игре на фортепиано на основе моделирования чувства ритма
 
Дедик М.Я.
Dedik M.Y.
 В статье рассмотрен подход к развитию чувства музыкального ритма и обучению игре на фортепиано, основанный на моделировании музыкального ритма в различных сферах моторики обучаемых. Описаны возможности применения этого подхода для обучения детей дошкольного и младшего школьного возраста в системе дополнительного музыкального образования.
 С. 96-111
 

 

открыть Всероссийская научно-практическая конференция, посвященная 190-летию со дня рождения К.Д. Ушинского
 
Дедик П.Е.  Динерштейн Е.Е.  Цапенко А.М.
Dedik P.E.  Dinerstein E.E. Tsapenko A.M.

В статье дан обзор Всероссийской научно-практической конференции, посвященной 190-летию со дня рождения К.Д. Ушинского. Конференция была организована Научной педагогической библиотекой им. К.Д. Ушинского и журналом «Вестник образования России» при поддержке Министерства образования и науки РФ. Проходило мероприятие 27–28 марта 2014 года в здании ФГНУ «НПБ им. К.Д. Ушинского» РАО.

 С. 112-118
 

 

открыть XI Международная научно-практическая конференция "Тенденции развития образования: что такое эффективная школа и эффектинвный детский сад ?"
 
Вяземский Е.Е.
Vyazemsky E. E.

В статье дан обзор XI Международной научно-практической конференции «Тенденции развития образования: Что такое эффективная школа и эффективный детский сад?», состоявшейся 19–20 февраля 2014 года в Российской академии народного хозяйства и государственной службы при Президенте РФ.

 С. 119-131
 

 

открыть Общедидактические и частнодидактические проблемы современного образования
 
Осмоловская И.М.
 Osmolovskaya I.М.

В статье дан обзор прошедшего совместного круглого стола Института теории и истории педагогики РАО (ИТИП РАО) и Института содержания и методов обучения РАО (ИСМО РАО) «Общедидактические и частнодидактические проблемы современного образования», проходившего 20 марта 2014 года.

 С. 132 142
 

 

открыть Родовая травма "Доктора Живаго"
 
Ланин Б.А.
Lanin B.A.

Рассматриваются новые материалы, касающиеся публикации романа Б. Пастернака «Доктор Живаго». Их появление связано с рассекречиванием ввиду сроков давности 130 документов ЦРУ, принимавшего участие в публикации романа на русском языке и использовавшего сам факт запрета в своих целях. Анализ новой историко-культурной ситуации сопровождается анализом философско-эстетических особенностей романа.

 С. 143-150
 

 

 открыть  В мире педагогических журналов
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

   
 
 
 
 
 
 
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