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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2020 №5

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 5-2020

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00 

 

HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY

 

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PLATO AND FICHTE: EDUCATION AS AN ENGINE OF POLITICAL CHANGES

Klenin Petr V.                                                         DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-5-9-18

Abstract. 

The article deals with the historical and philosophical examination of the educational concepts by Plato and Fichte. The philosophers selected for comparative studies present a view of education as an engine of political changes, that`s why the article emphasizes philosophical explication of their positions. Plato’s and Fichte’s views on the problem of education are diff- erent as they both lived in different époques, but they were times of crisis. However, their loyalty to the societal ideal, the purpose of rethinking the value of education in the state, make it possible to compare their teachings. Education in Plato’s philosophy aims to change the state fundamentally, when education in Fichte’s philosophy contributes to its transformation. The specifi c pedagogical  procedures established by both philosophers are in focus of this article and are important for understanding the relationship of philosophy and education. Thus, Plato proposes to divide pedagogical tasks in accordance with inequality of social estates, while Fichte considers education as a national project for civil society. The relevance of this problem stems from modern appeals to reform the education system depending on political and social problems, but philosophers approach this issue from а diff- erent point of view and it is important to trace the peculiarities of this approach in light of history of Philosophy.

Keywords:

philosophy and education, philosophy of education, paideia, morality. 

P. 9-18

        

ONTOLOGY AND EPISTEMOLOGY

 

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SAFETY PHILOSOPHY AS A METHODOLOGICAL BASIS OF PEDAGOGICAL PROBLEMSOLVING OF LIFE SAFETY

Kostenok Pavel I., Konyahina Galina P.             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-5-19-30

Abstract.

The article deals with theses of safety philosophy in terms of its signifi cance for the pedagogical problem-solving of life safety. It reveals the content of security and development paradigms, makes a comparative analysis of experience and possibilities of their implementation as a methodological basis of safety education, identifi es and proves the specifi city of this implementation. The authors also state the need of methodological conversion from the security paradigm to the development paradigm. 

Keywords:

safety, danger, life safety, safety philosophy, security paradigm, development paradigm, methodological basis, education science, educational activity.

P. 19-30

  

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00

 

MEDICAL PSYCHOLOGY
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ANXIETY GROWTH RATE AMONG FIRST YEAR STUDENTS STUDYING THROUGH
THE DISTANCE LEARNING IN ROSTOV STATE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY DUE TO THE NEW CORONAVIRUS INFECTION

Grigoryan Narine A., Kolmakova Tatyana S., 

Galustyan Lusine K.                                              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-5-31-37

Abstract.

Anxiety is defi ned as a strong negative feeling of worry and expectation of ill-being from others. Situational anxiety is triggered by specifi c situations and is gone when the situation is solved. The article presents the results of studying the degree of anxiety growth among fi rst-year students of all faculties of Rostov State Medical University due to the self-isolation and the transition to distance learning, within the framework of the threat of the new coronavirus infection spreading. 400 young people aged 18–20 took part in the survey.

Keywords:

coronavirus infection, pandemic, anxiety, distance learning, self-isolation.

P. 31-37   

  

SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY

 

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SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PROFESSIONAL ADAPTATION OF EMPLOYEES
OF THE INTERNAL AFFAIRS BODIES

Slobodchikova Julia V., Pyatkina Olga A.            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-5-38-43

Abstract.

This article discusses the concept of «adaptation», its types, as well as factors affecting the process of successful activity of employees of the Internal Affairs bodies. The issues related to the process of adaptation and the result of adaptation are revealed, as well as the degree of infl uence of the staff members on the person in the bodies of Internal Affairs.

Keywords:

adaptation, social and psychological adaptation, professional adaptation, successful adaptation, psychological assistance.

P. 38-43

 

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TYPES OF SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL ADAPTATION OF CONVICTS

Arzamieva Hedi U., Vereshchagina Marina V.     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-5-44-53

Abstract.

The article deals with the issue of socio-psychological features of adaptation of convicts, knowledge of which will allow to infl uence those who are isolated from society in order to re-socialize them. The study of 140 risoners was conducted on the basis of the method of diagnostics of socio-psychological adaptation by K. Rogers and P. Diamond; the questionnaire «Psychological well-being of the individual» by K. Riff in the adaptation and modifi cation of T. D. Shevelenkova and P. P. Fesenko’s; the method of determining individual coping strategies by E. Khaimah; the test-questionnaire «Index lifestyle» by R. Plutchik, G. Kellerman and H. R. Conte in the adaptation of E. S. Romanova and L. R. Grebennikova’s. According to the study results the paper presents the typology of sociopsychological adaptation of prisoners, based on the criteria of social/introverted orientation, passivity/activity and negativity/positivity. The following types of prisoners are defi ned: successfully adapted with the positive social orientation, adapted with the introverted orientation, adapted with the passive orientation, adapted with the negative social orientation, maladapted with the passive orientation, maladapted with the social orientation, maladapted with the negative social orientation.

Keywords:

the personality of the convict, adaptation, maladaptation, socialpsychological adaptation of convicts, types of convicts’ adaptation, personality orientation.

P. 44-53

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PERSONALITY TRAITS OF THE MILITARY UNIVERSITY CADETS WITH VARIOUS TYPES OF MOTIVATION TO ENTER THE MILITARY SERVICE

Kazakova Larisa P., Radke Denis I.                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-5-54-68

Abstract.

The article contains the results of an empirical study of the features of life meaning orientations, time perspective, and ideological identity of first and fi fthyear military university cadets studying “Psychology of service activity” with different types of motivation for choosing military service. Significant difference in the personal haracteristics of cadets with the “internal” and “external” type of motivation for choosing  military service is revealed. First-year cadets’ “internal” motivation is associated with higher levels of meaningfulness result of life and locus of control of ‘self’. Fifth-year cadets with “internal” motivation have higher indications of conciseness of the future and a positive attitude to the past. It is concluded that the motivation for entering military service is more signifi cant for the indicators of psychological well-being of cadets than the experience of service or training in the cadet corps before entering a military university.

Keywords:

motivation for military service, life meaning orientations, time perspective, ego identity.

P. 54-68

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RESEARCH OF THE CORRELATION BETWEEN INTERPERSONAL TOLERANCE
AND PERSONALITY SELF-ATTITUDE AT THE STUDENT AGE
(On the Example of University and College Students)

Efremkina Irina N.                                                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-5-69-80

Abstract.

The article presents the results of an empirical research of the relationship between interpersonal tolerance and self-attitude at student age (n = 100) on the example of university and college students. Theoretical analysis shows that modern researchers call communicative tolerance and empathy as an important manifestations of interpersonal tolerance. At the same time, the attitude to another person can be infl uenced by the attitude to oneself (self-attitude). The research used valid and reliable methods of diagnostics  of the communicative tolerance by V. V. Boyko; diagnostics of the level of empathic abilities by V. V. Boyko; research of self-attitude by S. R. Panteleev. It was found that empathy indicators have a small number of correlations with self-attitude indicators in both subsamples. At the same time, many correlations between indicators of communicative tolerance and indicators of self-attitude in both sub-samples were found at a sufficient level of significance. The correlation between communicative tolerance, empathy, and self-attitude differs among university and college students. In case with university students, a high level of communicative tolerance is associated with positive self-attitudes, while in general, a lower degree of communicative tolerance of college students is associated with a less positive self-attitude. 

Keywords:

tolerance, interpersonal tolerance, communicative tolerance, empathy, selfattitude.

P. 69-80

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY

 

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THE CONNECTION BETWEEN COMMUNICATIVE ACTIVITY AND SELF-EVALUATION OF GENERATION Z ADOLESCENTS

Vasyura Svetlana A., Iogolevich Natalia I.          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-5-81-95

Abstract.

The article presents the results of an empirical study of relation between the communicative activity and self-evaluation of teenagers (n = 85), whose personality development takes place in the information society and allows us to characterize modern adolescents as generation Z («digital» generation). Communicative activity is considered as the willingness and ability of a person to interpersonal interaction, the  outgoing desire to implement the functions of the subject of communication. The authors have analyzed theoretical information about the self-evaluation and communicative activity of adolescents. The communicative activity of adolescents of generation Z is characterized by a wide range: from self-centeredness and minimal involvement in communication, to the desire to maximize the range of social contacts as in real communication, so in communication mediated by technical means. The identifi ed gaps in the scientifi c knowledge about communicative activity, in terms of its connection with the self-esteem of modern teeagers, became the prerequisite for this study. The principle of consistency and theoretical provisions on self-esteem by L. V. Borozdina, ideas about the activity of personality by A. I. Krupnov, A. A. Volochkov and S. A. Vasyura formed the theoretical and methodological basis of the work. The relations of communicative activity and self-evaluation of adolescents are established. The basic components of the system of these relations are ease of contact and self-evaluation of appearance. The ease of coming into contact is associated with self-evaluation on the scales of “authority among peers”, “appearance (beauty)”, “self-confi dence”, as well as the level of claims on the scales “mind” and “self-confi dence”. The self-evaluation of appearance (beauty) is associated with the need for communication, initiative in communication, ease of contact, expressiveness in communication. The obtained results contribute to the development of scientifi c ideas about communicative activity, its potential for the development of the personality of adolescents of generation Z. 

Keywords:

self-evaluation, level of aspiration, communicative activity, communication, appearance, teenagers, generation Z.  

P. 81-95

 

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MOTIVATION FOR CHOOSING EDUCATIONAL-PROFESSIONAL TRAJECTORY
AND FRESHMEN’S ACADEMIC EXPECTATIONS

Lyz’ Natalia A., Labyntseva Irina S.                  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-5-96-105

Abstract.

The paper considers the relevance of the university’s being students-oriented, shows the need to study the students’ learning motivation at the stage of university entrance, and presents the results of an empirical study. The purpose of the study is to identify the freshmen’s motives for choosing an educational-professional trajectory, awareness of their professional choice and academ ic expectations. To examine this phenomenon 247 fi rst-year IT-students participated in the study. The results showed that the students are confi dent in their choice of major and university. Prestigious, fi nancial and self-realization motives prevail among the motives for choosing an educational-professional trajectory. Freshmen’s expectations from studying at a university are associated with personal and professional development, activity in learning, and the satisfaction of cognitive and social needs. The results also showed the existence of a holistic system of subjective motivational foundations of students’ educational and professional activities. This system includes interrelated components: the motives for choosing an educational-professional trajectory, awareness of professional choice and academic expectations.

Keywords:

higher education, students, motivation, choice of profession, expectations.

P. 96-105

 

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MANIFESTATION OF TRUST IN ADOLESCENTS IN CONNECTION WITH FAMILY DEPRIVATION AND PERCEPTION OF RELATIONSHIPS WITH SIGNIFICANT ADULTS

Danilova Yulia Yu.                                            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-5-106-118

Abstract.

Features of trust manifestation in adolescents with family deprivation are described in this article, also correlations of interpersonal trust with indicators of social situation of development and perception of relationships with signifi cant adults were investigated. 286 adolescents took part in the research: 144 from full families, 65 from incomplete (single-mothered) and 77 from orphanage. “Interpersonal trust Scale” by J. Rotter was used for the level of trust investigation. Child-parent relationships were investigated by “Child-parent relationships  in adolescents” by O. Karabanova and P. Troyanovskaya. We have received the following results: interpersonal trust level does not differ depending on social situation of development in elder adolescents. At the same time the perception of relationships with parents and with caregiver in orphanages differs. Those adolescents, who suffer from family deprivation, note just controlling part of relationships with their signifi cant adult, whereas adolescents living in the family setting percept their relationships with parents as accepting, supporting and collaborating.

Keywords:

family deprivation, adolescence, interpersonal trust, psychology of orphanage, social situation of development.

P. 106-118

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PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL ASPECTS IN THE CONTEXT OF LEARNING ACTIVITIES OF CADETS AND FRESHMEN IN THE EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS OF THE  MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS OF RUSSIAN

Nimirovskaya Yuzefa K.                                   DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-5-119-124

Abstract.

The article reviews scientists’ attitude towards the concept of “psycho-emotional state”. The article contains the outcome analysis of studying psycho-emotional state of cadets of the training faculty for personnel departments and of the foreign faculty of Saint-Petersburg University of MIA, Russia. The article shows that certain structures of brain are responsible for perception of new information, conservation storage of this information and future usage in different activities. Psychophysiological monitoring of emotional state of cadets is considered as progress criteria in studying. The relationship between Saint-Petersburg University of MIA cadets’ psycho-emotional state and results of their study is represented and explained.

Keywords:

psycho-emotional state, learning activity, the result of learning, brain structures.

P. 119-124

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SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF THE ORIGIN OF CONFLICT SITUATIONS BETWEEN STUDENTS

Berdieva Gulmira Ju.                                       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-5-125-129

Abstract.

The growing diversity and scope of conflicts and their prevalence reach all population groups, including young people and students in conflict situations. Studies of conflict peculiarities of university students are practically not carried out. These conflicts, if left undetected, can harm the health of young people, cause a sense of dissatisfaction with learning and affect the eff -ectiveness of mastering professional skills. Starting university is a complex and challenging process. The causes of conflicts, their characteristics, methods and ways to manage them are also discussed in the work.

Keywords:

psychoanalysis, social conflict, conflict resolution studies, behavior strategies in the conflict, cooperation, competition, compromise, avoidance, adaptation.

P. 125-129

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 

 

MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

 

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EDUCATION QUALITY AT REGIONAL UNIVERSITY IN STUDENTS ASSESSMENTS

Boguslavsky Mikhal V., Ladyzhets Natalia S., 

Neborsky Egor V., Sannikova Olga V.              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-5-130-141

Abstract.

The article presents the results of an empirical study whose purpose was to identify students’ assessment of the quality of education at a regional university. The study was conducted on the basis of Udmurt State University as part of the research project “Transitive University in the face of global, national and regional challenges” in February-March, 2019. In total, 611 full-time students were interviewed. Despite the fact that the university is on the 228th place out of 2060 organizations engaged in research activities and is of high potential, the quality of
education as a whole is estimated by students at a low level and the main complaints are reduced to the poor state of the facilities of the educational environment and the practice organization.

Keywords:

university, regional university, transit university, transitive university, quality of education, students’ assessment of the quality of education.

P. 130-141 

 

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THE SYSTEM OF PERSONALIZED INSTRUCTION IN SCHOOL EDUCATION: PROBLEMS OF IMPLEMENTATION AND ADAPTATION

Kraynova Polina O., Obukhov Alexey S.          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-5-142-152

Abstract.

In the context of global trends in the humanization of education, issues of differentiation, individualization and personalization of education are actively discussed. At the same time, the key question remains – how to preserve the individual capabilities, interests and needs of each
student while maintaining collective learning  formats? How to take into account the personal characteristics and capabilities of each when passing and mastering general education programs? One such solution was the PCBL personalized learning platform developed in the USA. Currently, the Khoroshevskaya school is introducing and adapting this platform to the Russian conditions of education. The article examines the specifi c case of implementing a system of personalized competency-based education in a separate school – what problems, barriers and diffculties are encountered in its implementation. The study is built in the logic of qualitative research on the basis of high-quality research interviews with the main participants in the educational process in the context of introducing a personalized learning system. 

Keywords:

personalized learning, digital learning platform, PCBL, personalization, individualization, diff- erentiation, implementation, adaptation, school education.

P. 142-152

    

THEORY OF EDUCATION 

 

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THEORETICAL MODEL OF CHILDREN’S ECOLOGICAL AND ARTISTIC EDUCATION SYSTEM IN THE CONTEXT OF ETHNO-CULTURAL TRADITIONS

Kireeva Olesya A.                                              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-5-153-162

Abstract.

When studying the integration issues in education, there is a global trend of the last two decades aimed at strengthening the interdisciplinary connection between naturalscience and socio-humanitarian components of education. Among the scientifi c community it is noted that the opposition of designated knowledge areas has a negative impact on the intradisciplinary development which leads to a slowdown in innovative processes at all stages of an individual’s education. Considering the possible ways to solve the problem, we turned to integrated ecological and artistic educational activities: the article gives the defi nition and reveals the content; it also traces the connection with the folk culture, specifi cally the traditions of nature management and artistic creativity. Searching for an effective solution aimed at achieving the goals of integrated educational activities, the author turns to the pedagogical modelling method the application result of which are: systematized and consistently stated theoretical foundations of children’s ecological and artistic education in the context of  ethno-cultural traditions; justifi cation of its targets, approaches and principles, content, forms, methods, means; possible conditions for ensuring educational activities, evaluation of its efficiency and the expected result. It is noted that the developed theoretical model has, in addition to integrity and consistency, its practical signifi cance which shall have a further effect on its practicality.

Keywords:

pedagogical modelling, education system, eclological and artistic education, ethno-cultural traditions, artcycling.

P. 153-162

  

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THE EDUCATIONAL BOOKS ON THE FRENCH LANGUAGE IN RUSSIA IN THE XVIII CENTURY

Kolobkova Anastasia A.                                   DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-5-163-171

Abstract.

The article considers the features of the genesis and development of the fi rst textbooks on the French language in the XVIII century in Russia. The most popular and well-known author’s textbooks are analyzed: V. E. Teplov’s translation work “New French grammar...”, based on the German compilation of the French grammar by P. Resto; A. de Lavy’s “the French ABC book”, which combines the norms and rules of a foreign language and the norms of Christian morality; Ya. Sigezbek’s “Instructing what it is in French for...”, which later became the fi rst Soviet textbook of French; the Academy of Sciences’ “French ABC book”, which combined elements of de Lavy’s academic ABC book and secularizing pragmatism of Sigezbek’s “Instructions...”; “New French dictionary” by P. Bogdanovich for selftaught students, “the Leader” by F. Karzhavin, which became an academic manual for mature linguodidactics. The main trends in the development of the fi rst educational books on the French language in the period under study are summarized; their main problem points and advantages are identifi ed.

Keywords:

educational books, French, the ABC, ABC textbook, study, dictionary.

P. 163-171

       

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ON THE QUESTION OF ORGANIZING THE FIRST CLASSICAL SECONDARY SCHOOLS OF MARIUPOL IN NOVOROSSIYSK REGION

Mikhaylova Dzhuletta V.                                  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-5-172-179

Abstract.

The article deals with the problem of studying the history of organizing public education in the town of Mariupol and the district. The author seeks to trace the process of establishing the fi rst classical secondary school for men and women, initiated by the teacher and educator Feoktist Khartakhay. The basis of the scientifi c research is the data on F. Khartakhay’s phased organization of process of opening educational institutions – from goal-setting to the implementation of the objective, the teaching staffof the schools, their material and technical base, academic staff , sources of funding.

Keywords:

Mariupol Alexandrovsky classical secondary school, Mariupol Mariinsky classical  secondary school, Feoktist Khartakhay, public education, history of education.

P. 172-179 

  

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION

 

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ON SELECTED DIDACTIC ASPECTS OF TEACHING LITERARY TRANSLATION

Zahorák Andrej                                                 DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-5-180-188

Abstract.

The paper reflects theoretical background of basic translation studies disciplines focusing on selected aspects of methodology and didactics of literary translation as well as on the characteristics of translation metacompetence in accordance with the EMT (European Master’s in Translation) competence network. The specifi cities of literary translation are demonstrated through specifi c translation assignments used in the process of teaching translation seminars at a university in Slovakia.

Keywords:

translation and interpreting studies, literary translation, translation didactics and methodology, translation competence, translation assignment.

P. 180-188

 

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ISSUE OF DEMAND OF EDUCATIONAL WORK AT THE HIGHER SCHOOL
(on the experience of RyazGMU)

Nasekina Svetlana N., Grishenina Yulia A., 

Kechina Elina A.                                                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-5-189-201

Abstract.

The issue of the synthesis of professional education with an overall  upbringing of university students is the main object-matter of the article. The article is aimed to represent the experience of educational work at Ryazan state medical university named by I. P. Pavlov. The mission of the higher school today is not only to provide quality education as one of the vital values, not only transfer knowledge mechanically, but also to form a comprehensively developed creative person as a professional expert with high moral qualities. Commercialization almost of all human areas, gradual shift of medicine to the services market space updates a problem of the unifi cation of professional education with university student’s upbringing and also updates a demand of educational work and ways of its realization at the higher school as well as in medical universities. Having more than twenty years’ experience in the sphere of the higher education, the authors present their own point of view on the studied problem, as well as they give examples of teachers’ and students’ activity in all directions of educational work and development of fundamentals of medical ethics and ethical issues in clinical practice. Analyzing and generalizing the educational work experience practiced in Ryazan state medical university named by I.P. Pavlov, the authors of the article focus their attention on an integrative approach as the basic principle of organizing the educational process in a higher education institution. This process allows forming an integral person, a spiritually developed outstanding professional expert in medicine.

Keywords:

conceptual approach, system of educational work of a higher education institution, diversifi cation of educational orientation, moral education, medical  ethics and ethical issues in clinical practice, intellectual education, legal education, labor education, physical training, traditions of the higher school. 

P. 189-201

   

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SELF-MANAGEMENT RESOURCE IN INCREASING PROFESSIONAL VITALITY
AND DEVELOPING THE MANAGERIAL CULTURE OF TEACHERS

Osipova Olga P., Shklyarova Olga A.               DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-5-202-213

Abstact.

The article discusses issues related to the problems of professional viability of an education worker in an electronic information and educational environment. Self-management and time management are considered as tools for the professional and personal development of teachers. The theses are confi rmed with the research study results of the faculty of the Department of Educational Systems Management named after T. I. Shamova of MPGU.

Keywords: 

self-management, electronic information and educational environment, professional and personal development of teachers, professional health, time management, information technology, labor episodes, healthy lifestyles, professional selfrealization of an education worker.

P. 202-213

  

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“PORTRAIT” OF THE RECEIVER OF DISTANCE LEARNING SERVICES IN THE CONTEXT OF IMPLEMENTATION OF NON-FORMAL EDUCATION OF CHILDREN

Babich Lyubov V., Mironenko Elena S., 

Rybicheva Olga Yu.                                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-5-214-228

Abstact.

The goal of the research was to conduct a comprehensive study of children as receivers of distance learning services in order to organize in the future a studentcentered educational process that contributes to the achievement of better results. In 2018, the authors conducted surveys among students at the Economic Internet School of the Vologda Scientifi c Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The characteristics of receivers of such services as demographic characteristics, level of motivation, status of personal development, communication and organizational features, were comprehensively studied. In addition, the eff ect of these factors on learning success was analyzed. Thus, the “portrait” of the student was compiled with the goal to effectively organize the educational process. Based on the results of
the study, we make suggestions concerning the organization of distance learning for children.

Keywords: 

non-formal education, children’s distance learning, online education, educational services receivers.

P. 214-228

  

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION
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THEORETICAL THINKING DEVELOPMENT IN CONDITIONS OF STUDENT WORKING PROCESS WITH THE SPECIAL COMPUTER METHODOLOGY

Lubovsky Dmitriy V., Titov Andrey A.              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-5-229-239

Abstract.

This article describes a pilot study of the theoretical thinking of primary school students in conditions of educational cases solving. The cases are based on the math concept of the multiplicity of numbers. The study hypothesizes that students can transfer the solving principle of a mathematic case to a  game case in specially organized conditions of educational activity. The experiment is based on our special developmental method “The Train”. The study involved 10 children aged from 8 to 10 years from Moscow city School No. 1505 “Preobrazhenskaya”. The main characteristics of the behavior and strategies of students in the framework of the gameplay are revealed. The article describes the phenomena that testify to the development of the foundations of the theoretical thinking of primary school students in the context of educational activities using special computer methodology, and it also outlines the prospect of the further research.

Keywords:

theoretical thinking, educational activity, computer means, thinking, development.

P. 229-239

 

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FORMING THE FOREIGN LANGUAGE COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE BY MEANS OF THE FOREIGN LANGUAGE IN A NON-LINGUISTIC EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATION

Vavilova Tatyana E., Eremina Elena I.            DOI:  10.31862/2218-8711-2020-5-240-249

Abstract.

The article deals with a topical issue – forming the foreign language communicative competence of students in the process of foreign language learning in a non-linguistic educational organization. Foreign language is an educational discipline that helps students acquire and improve their reading and speaking skills in the language they are studying, as well as form the basis of their communicative competence. In this capacity, a foreign language plays an important role in specialists training of the Internal Affairs bodies, since the foreign language knowledge is a mandatory component of a modern police officer professional competence. The authors focus on the choice of learning strategies, which are based on the development of the ability and real readiness to implement foreign language communication, the ability to achieve mutual understanding with native speakers. Attention is paid to the selection of educational material focused on the foreign language communicative competence formation, an important indicator of which is not only the correctness of speech from the point of view of the language norms, but also from the point of view of the cultural context. The authors come to the conclusion that the main tasks for the foreign language communicative competence formation is to constantly stimulate students’ cognitive activity and to increase their motivation to learn a foreign language.

Keywords: 

foreign language training, foreign language communicative competence, verbal cooperation, speech activity, interdisciplinary connections, role-playing games, conditional circumstances, professionally oriented situation.

P. 240-249

 

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ON DEVELOPING INFORMATION AND MATHEMATICAL COMPETENCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS WHEN TEACHING MATHEMATICS AS PART OF EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES

Deza Elena I., Khilyuk Elena A.                       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-5-250-266

Abstract.

The article presents a didactic model for developing information and mathematical competence in teaching mathematics in the framework of extracurricular activities “Mathematics – the basis of the digital world”  for students of grades 8–9. The defi nition of information and mathematical competence is given. A system of course goals has been developed in terms of the competence approach. The levels of development of information and mathematical competence are outlined. A digital metatechnology to form the information and mathematical competence based on a multi-level fan system of mathematical problems is proposed. The article describes the features of using the digital educational environment of the course and the possibility of diagnosing the effectiveness of the developed model.

Keywords: 

information and mathematical competence, digital educational environment, digital metatechnology of information and mathematical competence development, multi-level fan system of mathematical problems.

P. 250-266 

 

Thursday, 17 September 2020 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2020 №4

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 4-2020

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00 

 

HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY

 

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WILHELM VON HUMBOLDT ON HISTORY AND HISTORICAL THINKING

Makaryev Igor V.                                                   DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-4-9-19

Abstract. 

The essay is an attempt to reconstruct Humboldt’s approach to historical thinking and understanding of history. Several difficulties of understanding of Humboldt’s philosophy in the Soviet und post-Soviet situation have been demonstrated. A new possibility to view Humboldt’s philosophy within the framework of the Western philosophical tradition of the XX century and the concept of “event” has also been analyzed. Revolution in the philosophical thoughts conducted after Hegel by Schelling (in his late period), Marx, Kierkegaard and German historical school is such an event, which could help to understand Humboldt’s scientificphilosophical program. Humboldt’s critique of Hegel’s philosophy of history is analyzed.

Keywords:

reality, event, understanding, idea, philosophy of history, historicism, history, narrative, tradition. 

P. 9-19

        

ONTOLOGY AND EPISTEMOLOGY

 

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ECOPHILOSOPHY AS AN IDEOLOGICAL FRAME AND A BASIS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE HUMAN SOCIETY 

Gorokhov Sergey A.                                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-4-20-27

Abstract.

This article is devoted to the need to form a paradigm syncretic approach to the progressive building and development of a harmonious society of the future. The author notes the impossibility of solving the issues related to building a harmonious society within the framework of any private theories, Sciences. It is concluded about the exclusive role of ecophilosophy in forming such a society, primarily because of the possibility of combining disparate Sciences, ethical and moral views, as well as axiological installations into one system by overcoming the centuriesold contradictions within the system of the «nature-man» relationship.

Keywords:

ecophilosophy, syncretism, Russian cosmism, biosphere, noosphere, a priori, social reality, behavioral model, paradigmality.

P. 20-27

  

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00

 

GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY
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GENERATION Z: BASIC CONCEPTS, CHARACTERISTICS AND CURRENT RESEARCH

Dutko Julia A.                                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-4-28-37

Abstract.

In recent years, digital communications have rapidly entered the lives of modern people. Globalization of digital technologies is solved in Russia at the state level – Federal programs of digitalization are created and implemented. They are aimed at the inclusion a person in the virtual space since the very childhood which undoubtedly affects many aspects of the human life. Thus, children developing in the context of the global spread of digital technologies have
been called “generation Z”. Of course, this category of children could not go unnoticed by many domestic and foreign scientists. In this article, the authors provide an overview of studies devoted to the study of the “digital generation”.

Keywords:

generation theory, generation Z, digital environment, digitalization.

P. 28-37   

  

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY

 

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ASSERTIVE BEHAVIOUR AND ITS ROLE IN PEDAGOGICAL INTERACTION WITH ORPHANS

Bojkova Kristina V.                                              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-4-38-42

Abstract.

In the current conditions of instability of social processes affecting the situation of each family, the number of disadvantaged, asocial families is increasing, and at the same time there is a sharp increase in orphans and rejected children in maternity hospitals. These factors influence
the emotional state of children and impede the normal course of their socialization in society. Children are forced to adapt to the barriers to natural development through protection mechanisms. An important protection mechanism is the use of assertive behaviour skills. At the same time, the availability of these skills is important not only for orphans themselves, but also, first of all, for teachers who interact with these children. Orphans should see before them a bright, living example of an assertive person. After  all, it is teachers who are with orphans 24 hours a day, and it is from them that orphans take an example. This article deals with the interpretation of the concept of «assertive.» The role of assertive behavior of the teacher while interacting with orphans is revealed. The influence of the teachers’ assertion on the development of skills of assertive behavior in orphans is described. The results of experimental work on the subject under study are presented.

Keywords:

assertiveness, assertive behavior, skills of assertive behavior, orphan children, pedagogical interaction, socialization. 

P. 38-42

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 

 

MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

 

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THE NEW CULTURE OF LEARNING IN A CHANGING WORLD IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC AND OTHER COUNTRIES OF EASTERN EUROPE 

Dolgaya Oksana I.                                         DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-4-43-50

Abstract.

The rapidly changing world, the increasing competition in the labor market, the widespread introduction of digital technologies set new challenges for education. In the Czech Republic, as in other Eastern European countries, which simultaneously entered the European Union and are developing in line with general trends, research educators are considering a new learning culture that is in line with the knowledge society and aimed at active, constructive, independent, motivated and holistic learning. As the principles and  features of the new learning culture, they single out the construction of educational material based on constructivist theories of learning, the creation of a new active learning environment, the changing role of the teacher and student, the use of teaching methods that are consistent with its new tasks and goals.

Keywords:

Czech education, new culture of learning at school, making the students active, the Polish school of awakening, the new role of teacher and student, constructivism in learning.

P. 43-50 

 

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SOCIAL RISKS OF CORPORATE MANAGEMENT IN AN EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATION

Medvedeva Natalya v.                                       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-4-51-56

Abstract.

The main types of social management risks in Russian educational organizations are described in this article, sources of risks are indicated, ways to reduce the negative impact of corporate risks on the management in an educational organization are shown.

Keywords:

social risks of corporate management, risks of exercising the rights of the founder, risks of activity of management structures in educational organization, risks of information disclosure, negative and positive consequences of risks, ways of minimizing social risks of corporate management.

P. 51-56 

    

THEORY OF EDUCATION 

 

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TROUBLEHACKING AS AN ALGORITHM FOR SOLVING VITAL PROBLEMS: IDEAS FOR A CONTEMPORARY SCHOOL WITHIN THE CONCEPTS OF THE COMPETENCY-BASED APPROACH

Vasilenko Yuri V., Volochkov Ilia V.                  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-4-57-70

Abstract.

The concept of troublehacking as an algorithm of thinking and practical activities required for a modern person to achieve results in the chaos of public life is presented in the article. Enunciating troublehacking as a method for improving systems, the authors divide it into a number of interrelated concepts. Having analyzed several the most  significant and popular doctrines of life in the modern world (S.R. Covey, M. Krogerus and R. Tschappeler, D. Meadows, W. Poundstone), the authors prove that the idea and methods of troublehacking are in line with the global trend. On analyzing the Federal state educational standards for elementary, primary and secondary schools, the authors state that troublehacking can be used in the modern Russian education system as a tool to implement the competency-based approach. 

Keywords:

troublehacking, systems approach, Russian school, Federal state educational standard, competency-based approach.

P. 57-70

  

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SOCIO-PEDAGOGICAL DETERMINANTS OF CREATING SCHOOLCHILDREN’S
FINANCIAL LITERACY

Snurnitsyna Julia M.                                      DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-4-71-79

Abstract.

The article discusses the sociopedagogical determinants of the financial literacy creation, factors external to the pedagogical theory and practice in the social structure, politics, ideology, economics, traditions of the general culture of the state and society, which affect the development of new areas of pedagogical activity in the field of financial education.

Keywords:

financial literacy, financial education, schoolchildren, research, social reality.

P. 71-79

       

 

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION

 

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PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS FOR IMPLEMENTING VALUE AND SENSE DIRECTION OF TRAINING MATHEMATICS AT HIGHER SCHOOL

Zhuk Larisa V.                                                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-4-80-92

Abstract.

The article actualizes the issue of updating the content, methods and means of teaching mathematics at the university within the sociocultural paradigm. A significant contradiction characterizing the crisis situation in the field of higher mathematical education is the mismatch
between the traditional organization of the educational process and the powerful developing potential of mathematical disciplines. Being overloaded with a lot of information, altogether with its insufficiently developed anthropological, cultural-like and communicative components, mathematical education hinders the mental development of the learner’s personality in relation to such important qualities as search activity, creativity, and creative thinking. The solution to this problem can be the transformation of the cognitive-information model of learning, the introduction of pedagogical technologies that actualize the sociocultural aspect of mathematical education. The aim of the study is to develop methodological foundations for the implementation of the value-semantic orientation of teaching mathematics at the university, expressed in providing a set of pedagogical conditions related to the selection of content, determination of teaching aids and methods, ways of organizing the interaction of students and a teacher, in which students intelligently master mathematical concepts, and freely operate with them. The didactic conditions for the implementation of the valuesemantic orientation of teaching mathematics at the university are: the transformation of  athematical content, expressed in learning from sociocultural experience; the psychodidactic approach, focused on building the students’ self-motivation; the use of teaching methods that provide cognitive and emotional empathy (educational mathematical discourse), the activization of productive mental activity (technology of problematic dialogue); inclusion of non-standard, creative tasks, training cases. Providing these conditions will allow to realize the humanitarian potential of mathematics, to reveal the social, practical and personal significance of the subject matter.

Keywords:

sociocultural aspect of education, value-semantic orientation of teaching mathematics, educational mathematical discourse, problem dialogue technology, creative tasks, training case. 

P. 81-92

 

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WAYS OF INCREASING MOTIVATION TO STUDY DISCIPLINES ON THE PROFILE OF TRAINING BY MEANS OF A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

Kropotkina Olga D., Frolova Tatyana P.       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-4-93-102

Abstract.

The article deals with the peculiarities of the educational process in a technical University in order to increase the motivation of students through learning a foreign language. The concepts of «motive» and «motivation» in a broad sense of the word are revealed, and in particular, the concept of  «motives of scientific activity» is given through the prism of the classification of personal motives. The paper analyzes the provisions on this issue, described in the works of such researchers as D. B. Bogoyavlenskaya, J. Dewey, A. Maslow, D. Halpern, M. G. Yaroshevsky, etc. Most researchers emphasize that the research activity is a creative interaction of the main subjects of the educational process, the result of which is the development of students’ subjectively new knowledge by solving research problems. The aim of this article is to consider the ways of increasing motivation to study disciplines in the profile of training by attracting students to research activity by means of a foreign language. The article proposes a program of involvement of students in research activity taking into account modern requirements for professional training of University graduates. The article is based on research results, questionnaires, observations and a survey conducted among first-year and second year students and the first-year students in the master’s program of the Polytechnic University, those who continue studying English.

Keywords:

motive, motivation, motives of scientific activity, research activity.

P. 93-102

   

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ISSUES OF STUDYING PHYSICS BY TECHNICAL UNIVERSITIES STUDENTS
AND WAYS TO SETTLE THEM

Badaev Yuri L.                                                  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-4-103-106

Abstact.

The study of Physics at a university often presents a certain kind of difficulty for students, which is associated with the specifics of the discipline and the need to form a physical mindset. This process is stretched and is not always synchronized in time with entering a university and following the educational route. The article considers and analyzes these aspects. Some solutions are proposed.

Keywords: 

educational route, Physics, University, education, assessment criteria.

P. 102-106

  

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GENERAL APPROACH TO ELABORATING MODELS OF SCHOOL PROACTIVE BUDGETING WITHIN THE EDUCATION SYSTEM OF RUSSIA

Filippova Nina M., Kurakolov Mikhail V.          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-4-107-116

Abstact.

The article updates the special position of the school student in the educational system, as an important part of he social structure of the society, the child’s involvement in the processes that take place in the society and their participation in them. Implementation of practices of children’s  participation in solving issues, important for their life, promotes their personal growth and career orientation, develops social activity and responsibility in them, civic position, organizational and communication skills, project and research literacy, expands the social and role repertoire of carrying out socially significant functions.

Keywords: 

school environment, proactive budgeting, participation practices, methodology, project and research literacy.

P. 107-116

 

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WAYS TO DEVELOP PSYCHOLOGICAL COMPETENCE OF MEDICAL FACILITY MANAGERS

Katahova Svetlana S., Semchuk Irina V.         DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-4-117-127

Abstact.

This article discusses ways to develop psychological competence of medical facility managers as the factor of effective management. To prepare recommendations that contribute to the development of psychological competence of managers (heads of departments) of a medical institution, the results of theoretical data were taken into account, as well as the results of the study on the components of the psychological competence of the head (head of Department) of a medical institution.

Keywords: 

psychological competence, heads of medical institutions, heads of departments, levels of psychological competence, personal qualities, team builder, effective management, professional position, qualification, experience.

P. 117-127

 

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ANALYSING THE READING SKILL DEVELOPMENT IN FIRST GRADE PUPILS WITH PSYCHOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTAL DELAY

Ostashkova Valeriya N., Kuzmin Dmitry N.     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-4-128-134

Abstact.

The article presents a theoretical review of the reasons of disability to form the reading skills, and analyzes the results of the research into forming the reading skills in first grade pupils with psychological developmental delay at the end of the school year.

Keywords: 

reading, forming the reading skills, dyslexia, developmental delay, first grade pupils.

P. 128-134 

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION
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CHARACTERISTICS OF INFORMATION SOURCES IN EDUCATION FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF THEIR USERS

Yarkova Anna K.                                       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-4-135-144

Abstract.

The article deals with an acute issue of describing, assessing and searching for sources of information in the educational sphere. The author distinguishes four complex characteristics which allow a user to navigate the information flow and gives the tool for a critical evaluation of the source of information. The need for development of such criteria is becoming topical due to the current changes connected with global informatization of society and digitalization of education.

Keywords:

characteristics of information sources, users of information sources,  types of documents, types of information sources, differentiation, integrity, accuracy, accessibility, topicality.

P. 135-144

 

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ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN IN THE MEDIA SPACE OF MODERN KINDERGARTEN

Vologdina Irina V., Tretyakov Andrei L.          DOI:  10.31862/2218-8711-2020-4-145-160

Abstract.

In this article, the authors draw the attention of the professional community to the need to organize innovative media space in the preschool educational organization. The phenomenon of environmental education o preschool children from the positions of the UN and UNESCO is revealed. The theoretical foundations of media education and the use of forms and methods of media education in  the organization of environmental education of preschool children are presented. A brief nalysis of partial environmental educational programs for preschool organizations is given. The foreign experience of media education in the system of preschool education is presented. The directions of the development of media education in environmental activities with preschool children are highlighted. The attention is focused on the phenomenon of gamification of the ecological space of a modern preschool educational organization.

Keywords: 

media space of a preschool educational organization, environmental education of preschool children, conditions, media education, pedagogical vectors of development of ecologization of preschool childhood.

P. 145-160

 

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PEDAGOGY OF ONLINE COURSES: RHIZOMATIC LEARNING

Grechushkina Nina V.                            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-4-161-171

Abstract.

The paper presents the results of the analysis of Russian and foreign scientific and pedagogical literature devoted to various aspects of the rhizomatic approach which is used in the online learning. The author provides a brief description of its philosophical framework, states the peculiarities of the educational process organization in this approach, gives the interpretation of the learning process in the context of the rhizomatic approach, lists relevant characteristics of the main difficulties, as well as its difference from connectivism, another common online learning approach.

Keywords: 

e-learning, rhizoma, rhizomatic learning, connectivism, pedagogy, online course.

P. 161-171

 

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POTENTIAL OF USING SCRIBING TECHNOLOGY TO INCREASE THE LEVEL
OF THEORETICAL MATERIAL MASTERING

Sakulina Julia V.                                              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-4-172-180

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the discussion of issues of increasing the level of mastering theoretical material by means of a graphical display method. Scribing is the latest technique, the speaker’s speech is illustrated in parallel with the creation of drawings. The main function of the method of submitting information using scribing is the ability to quickly, efficiently and visually convey information to students.

Keywords:

scribing, innovative technologies, graphic techniques, visual demonstration, level of mastering, quality of mastering, professional competence.

P. 172-180

 

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PRACTICE OF IMPLEMENTING PROFESSIONAL READINESS OF ENGINEERS IN THE SYSTEM OF CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION IN THE ELECTRONIC EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF THE UNIVERSITY

Bodrug Natalya S.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-4-181-195

Abstract. 

The article discusses the implementation of professional readiness of engineers taking into account regional characteristics in the system of additional professional education using the electronic educational environment of the university. Analysis and synthesis of studies on the use of e-education and distance learning technologies in Russia and abroad are carried out. Pedagogical experience on the use of vocational training in the system of  additional professional education within the electronic educational environment of Russian universities is reviewed. Focusing on the needs of the region, an option is proposed to implement the professional readiness of engineers in the system of additional professional education in the electronic educational environment of the university.

Keywords:

continuing professional education, professional retraining program, e-learning, distance educational technologies, electronic educational environment, production.

P. 181-195

   

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ELEMENTS OF MOBILE EDUCATION IN HIGHER EDUCATION: DEVELOPMENT AND CARRYING OUT OF ONLINE SURVEYS BY USING KAHOOT INTERNET SERVICE

Dronova Ekaterina N.                                       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-4-196-208

Abstract. 

The article substantiates the relevance of the use of mobile learning technologies in higher education. The essence of the concept of “mobile learning” is revealed, the advantages of using mobile learning technologies for organizing the educational process are described. The work discusses in detail the technology of mobile learning Kahoot. Kahoot is an online service for developing and conducting online surveys. It is suitable for any academic discipline and is a
great substitute for buying expensive remotes for the audience feedback system.

Keywords:

mobile education, mobile education technologies, higher education, online surveys, development of online surveys, conducting online surveys, Internet services, Kahoot.

P. 196-208

 

YOUNG SCIENTISTS’ VISION
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DIFFICULTIES OF MONITORING THE QUALITY OF PRIMARY EDUCATION

Krotkova Victoria A.                  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-4-209-214

Abstract. 

This article examines the issues of improving the quality of education in a modern primary school, suggests ways of representing quality assessment based on the implementation of monitoring procedures for educational activities in accordance with the educational standards.

Keywords:

educational system, modern education, education, difficulties of education, detriments to the education system, Russian education, trends in education.

P. 209-214

 

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ANALYSIS OF THE CURRENT STATE OF FORMING THE ENGINEERING EDUCATION OF STUDENTS OF BASIC GENERAL EDUCATION

Faritov Anatolij T.                                      DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-4-215-224

Abstract. 

The article is devoted to methodological issues of the organization of engineering activities of students within the framework of the Federal State Educational Standard of basic general education. The study reveals the concept of students engineering activity, justifies the need to
organize engineering activities in 5–9 grades of secondary school. It is determined that the most effective engineering activities can be organized in a network form with elements of the mechanism of a social partnership. The contradiction between the content of the concept of meta-subject results and the forms of organizing the engineering activities  of students’ is revealed. The assessment of the potential development of the concept of engineering competence and engineering competency of secondary school students’ is given. The methodological basis of the research is based on such methods and approaches as analysis and synthesis, ascent from the abstract to the concrete, method of pedagogical modeling, system approach, and competence approach. The author identifies the functions, content and results of the engineering activities of students, which is the scientific novelty of the study. It is determined that one of the leading functions is the function of professional orientation. The content of the activity reflects the project approach. The category of activity results is revealed through the knowledge, skills and abilities acquired by students. In general, the developed model of the structure of engineering activities of students’ is complex and applicable for methodological justification of the concept of the students’ engineering competence.

Keywords:

engineering activity, engineering education, engineering activity of students’, engineering training, social partnership, secondary school, career guidance, competence, competency

P. 215-224

 

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FACTORS, OBSTACLES, MECHANISM AND DEVELOPMENT DIRECTIONS FOR THE PROFESSIONAL MUSIC EDUCATION IN MONGOLIA

Sharavtseren Tserenjigmed                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-4-225-238

Abstract. 

The article presents the results of the study of training music art professionals and music teachers in Mongolia. The comparative analysis of music education in Germany, Sweden, Israel, China, Japan and Russia is conducted. Prospective measures of development of professional music education in Mongolia are suggested. Factors, obstacles, mechanism and directions of development of the Mongolian State Conservatory – the first Mongolian academic higher education institution for training professional musicians – have been identified. The mechanism of the development of professional music education in Mongolia is the concept of the Mongolian State Conservatory. The concept includes  goals, main and additional tasks, the scheme of interaction with the authorities and social partners, the model and scheme of education,  the management system, financial basis and stages of organization of the conservatory.

Keywords:

professional music education, Mongolia, conservatory, concept.

P. 225-238

 

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HOW TO ACHIEVE UNDERSTANDING IN THE PROCESS OF RUSSIAN-CHINESE
INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION?

Li Yangping                                                       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-4-239-246

Abstract. 

The development of students’ ability to carry out the intercultural communication is an important issue of the modern methodology of teaching the Russian language in the context of studying outside the language environment in a Chinese university. Using certain examples, we carried out the comparative analysis of facts of culture in the Russian-Chinese intercultural
communication, and revealed similarities and differences. The results of the analysis will contribute to better understanding in the process of intercultural communication between representatives of two great powers – Russia and China.

Keywords:

intercultural communication, verbal communication, method of comparison, dialogue of cultures, mini-text, cognitive barriers, sociocultural competence.

P. 239-246

 

Friday, 17 July 2020 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2020 №3

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 3-2020

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00 

 

HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY

 

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“BY THE RIVERS OF BABYLON”: RUSSIAN RELIGIOUS PHILOSOPHERS-EMIGRANTS ON THE CAUSES, NATURE AND PROSPECTS OF THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION 

Pogodin Igor V.                                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-3-9-21

Abstract. 

The article provides the analysis of the philosophical ideas of Russian religious thinkers about the spiritual origins and religious nature of Russian history and the Russian revolution, discusses the interpretation of the role and significance of the Orthodox values and ideas in the historical development of the Russian people and its consciousness made by the Russian philosophers, the metamorphosis of these religious ideals that led to a large-scale social reconstruction of life. The correlation of the religious and revolutionary in the consciousness and practice of the historical life of the Russian  people, revealed by the Russian religious and philosophical thinkers, is disclosed in the process of the comparative characteristics of the Christian philosophy of history with other philosophical interpretations of the meaning and course of history: marxism, existentialism, phenomenology and hermeneutics.

Keywords:

history, Orthodoxy, eschatology, messianism, schism, anarchy, nihilism, mentality, social revolution, moral evaluation, spiritual values, national character.

P. 9-21

        

PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 

 

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SOCIETAL FUNCTIONS OF HISTORICAL EDUCATION
(Philosophical and Educational Context)

Butenko Sergey V.                                              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-3-22-28

Abstract.

The article is concerned with the analysis of the current state of the learning environment within its historical segment. The author points out the societal functions of historical education that aim, among others, at shaping the subject’s historical identity. Mental attitude is viewed as the foundation of existence and further development of historical education.

Keywords:

historical identity, mindset, attitude, social functions, mental approach.

P. 22-28 

  

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00

 

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
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IS IT POSSIBLE TO DEVELOP EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE IN THE MONTESSORI SYSTEM?

Sumnitelnyi Konstantin E.                                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-3-29-34

Abstract.

The article is devoted to how modern discoveries in the field of Psychology are reflected in the Montessori system. The question of the system’s readiness for modern challenges and the availability of tools to respond to them is considered.

Keywords:

Montessori method, emotional intelligence, cognitive development of the child, prepared environment, politeness lessons, normalization.

P. 29-34

  

MEDICAL PSYCHOLOGY

 

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PERSONAL AND INDIVIDUAL FEATURES OF PERSONS WITH DIFFERENT LEVEL
OF EXPRESSION OF LOVE DEPENDENCE

Ushakova Vladislava R.                                               DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-3-35-46

Abstract.

The results of the comparative analysis of the personality-individual characteristics of people with different levels of severity of love addiction are presented. Clinical, psychological and experimental methods of psychological assessment are used. Significant differences were revealed in the manifestation of self-doubt and anxiety, rigidity and mobility, the significance of the need for emotional support and the desire for autonomy in subjects with different levels
of severity of love addiction. The relationship between the specified personality-individual characteristics of students’ with a different level of severity of love dependence is determined. It is confirmed that girls are most predisposed to manifesting love addiction in contrast to young men. It was revealed that girls with a high level of severity of love addiction need emotional support from other people, they are self-conscious, have an increased level of anxiety, and stereotyping predominates in their thinking and behavior.

Keywords:

love addiction, emotional support, rigidity, anxiety, self-doubt.

P. 35-46

 

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STUDY OF THE ATTITUDE OF ADOLESCENTS WITH TUBERCULAR INFECTION
TO THEIR PARENTS

Zakharova Elena V.                                              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-3-47-55

Abstract.

The presented article is devoted to the study of the relationship of adolescents with tubercular infection to their parents. Tuberculosis is known to be a serious somatic infectious disease. Its treatment is carried out in a hospital and outpatiently for a long time. The prognosis of the course and cure of the disease is not always clear and predictable. The severity of the disease, side effects of drugs, changes in conditions and quality of life, disruption of social contacts, uncertainty of near and distant health prognoses, disruption of family relationships, social and material distress significantly affect attitudes toward the disease, treatment and cure for tuberculosis. Adolescence is one of the most difficult periods in every person’s life. The disease has a significant effect on the adolescent’s growing up, their ideas of future. Parental support is especially important for young people who have to be treated for a long time, who are aware of the severity of their disease, its social danger. Relations with parents play an important role in adapting to the disease, in forming adherence to treatment. However, often parents themselves become a source of infection for their child, the formation of multiple drug resistance. Improper upbringing, inadequate attitude to the child’s disease and its treatment lead to disruption of the medical-diagnostic and medical-rehabilitation processes aimed at treating tuberculosis.

Keywords:

tubercular infection, adolescents, socio-psychological adaptation, attitude to the disease, upbringing pattern, parent-child relationships.

P. 47-55 

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00

 

MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

  

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MODERN EDUCATION OF RUSSIA IN THE CONDITIONS OF WORLD GLOBALIZATION 

Shevchenko Natalia N., Kolesov Vladimir I.       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-3-56-65

Abstract.

The article discusses the main trends of the domestic education system in the context of the processes of globalization, which has an impact on the economy, politics of states, people’s lives, culture, education. The problems of modernization of the higher education system in Russia in connection with integration into the global educational environment and in accordance with the  declared requirements of the Bologna process are identified. From the standpoint of various authors, both positive and negative trends associated with this process are considered.

Keywords:

globalization, modernization of education, educational environment, spacetime approach, competency-based approach, the Bologna process, its positive and negative tendencies.

P. 56-65

  

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ON THE ISSUE OF FORMING AND EVALUATING PERSONAL DIGITAL LITERACY

Ivanchenko Dmitry A.                                        DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-3-66-74

Abstract.

Various approaches of foreign and Russian researchers to the study of digital literacy are considered; the directions of digital literacy are highlighted, they include media literacy, information literacy, information security and digital skills; the basic principles of forming and evaluating digital literacy are defined.

Keywords:

education, digital literacy, media literacy, information culture, information security.

P. 66-74

 

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THE FEATURES IN ORGANIZATION OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION IN THE USA 

Maksimenko Maria A.                                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-3-75-82

Abstract.

This article examines and describes difficulties that the American education system faces with inclusive education. The latest research and data have been analyzed and summarized.

Keywords:

inclusion, inclusive education in the USA, difficulties in inclusive education, special needs students, autism, analyses.

P. 75-82

 

THEORY OF EDUCATION
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HUMANIZATION OF EDUCATIONAL INTERNET TECHNOLOGIES
IN THE PEDAGOGICAL PROCESS

Deryuga Vardan E.                                               DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-3-83-92

Abstract.

The issue of the influence of digital technologies on the development of traditional and humanistic education is analyzed. The digitalization process is considered as a stage in the replacement of the industrial-educational system with a new information-digital education system. The problems of dehumanization of education are substantiated and ways to overcome them are proposed.

Keywords:

humanism, cultural tradition, education, industrial-educational system, digital information system, paradigm, technologism, spirituality, values.

P. 83-92

  

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

 

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CULTURAL AND HISTORICAL FOUNDATIONS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF DOMESTIC EDUCATION AND PEDAGOGY IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XX – EARLY XXI CENTURIES

Boguslavskiy Mikhail V., Boguslavskaya Tatiana N., 

Milovanov Konstantin Yu., Ovchinnikov Anatoly V.

                                                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-3-93-105

Abstract.

The article deals with the issues of studying the cultural and historical foundations of the development of national Education and Pedagogy in the second half of the XX – early XXI centuries. The article reveals the current state of development of historical and pedagogical knowledge, which has formed a favorable methodological basis for presenting a representative model of the process of cultural and historical development of the national pedagogical science of this period. The article provides a meaningful description of educational reforms of the Soviet and post-Soviet periods. The article describes the state of the system of educational legislation and identifies the leading trends in implementing the state educational policy in the USSR and the Russian Federation.

Keywords:

Pedagogy, history of Education, history of Pedagogy, modernization of education, reforming the education system.

P. 93-105

  

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION

 

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PATRIOTIC EDUCATION OF STUDENTS ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE LIFE
OF OUTSTANDING RUSSIAN PHYSICISTS

Ovcharov Alexander V., Golub Pavel D.         DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-3-106-115

Abstract.

The article presents the material showing how to organize Patriotic education of schoolchildren and university students on the example of actions and statements made by Russian and Soviet physicists. The facts testifying numerous Physicists’ deep love for Russia – their homeland – are brought about.  Consideration of the topic begins with the activities of the first Russian academician M. V. Lomonosov, which is a vivid example of the scientist-patriot’s love for the Motherland. Similar facts from the life and scholarly endeavor of Russian electrical engineers V. V. Petrov, P. L. Schilling, electrical engineersinventors B. S. Jacobi, E. H. Lenz are given. The historical facts testifying the true service to the Motherland by a number of other physicists, including Zh. I. Alferov – a Nobel laureate, known throughout the scientific community for his work in the field of modern physics.

Keywords:

patriotic education, Physics, history of Physics.

P. 106-115

 

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TEAM BUILDING AS AN ESSENTIAL COMPONENT OF TEAM-BASED LEARNING

Vaseva Elena S., Buzhinskaya Nadezhda V.   DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-3-116-123 

Abstract.

When studying at a higher educational institution, a Bachelor must acquire competencies that will allow them to be successful in their future profession. According to the Federal state educational standard, one of these competencies is the ability to work and realize their role in the team, to carry out social interaction. The article raises the issue of the relevance of th use of command-oriented training as a way of developing the designated competence with an undergraduate taking the “Applied Informatics” course, the stages of teamoriented training are considered. Special attention is paid to the “team building” stage, and the goals and objectives of roleplaying, goal-setting, interpersonal, taskoriented approaches to the organization of this stage are discussed. The examples of implementation of each approach in practice of the Bachelor Degree training course “Applied Informatics” are given.

Keywords:

team-oriented training, team building, role-based approach, goal-setting approach, interpersonal approach, taskoriented approach.

P. 116-123

   

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THE STUDENTS’ RESEARCH WORK AS A FACTOR OF ENGINEERING THINKING
DEVELOPMENT

Kazarbin Alexey V., Lunina Julia V.                  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-3-124-131

Abstact.

At present, one of the key factors of competitiveness of the state becomes the quality of engineering personnel, already today specialists with knowledge, skills, personal qualities and competences that meet the requirements of the economy of the XXI century, goals and tasks of social and economic development and structure of the labor market of the Russian Federation are required. In the article the authors consider the students’ research work as a  tool of forming engineering thinking and high personal qualities of a professional, as an integral part of training the professional competence of an engineer.

Keywords: 

the students’ research work, engineering thinking, universal skills, tool to form engineering thinking.

P. 124-131

  

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THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE TEACHING IN CHINA: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS (FROM THE EXPERIENCE AT JIANGSU NORMAL UNIVERSITY)

Tsyrenova Maria I.                                            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-3-132-141

Abstact.

The article deals with the recent situation in which teaching of the Russian language is in China. It identifies problems, prospects and further trends of development, substantiates the relevance of the topic. The data presented in the text is based on the analysis of theoretical and practical studies carried out by both Russian and Chinese teachers of Russian, conducted for over the latest 5 years in the conditions of the linguistic and non-linguistic environment as well as in a conversation held among teachers who had working experience in Chinese universities, and the author’s own observations and personal experience of teaching in Jiangsu Normal University. The conclusions may be interesting both for teachers of the Russian language working or intending to work in China, as well as for all teachers of Russian.

Keywords: 

Russian as a foreign language in China, teaching Russian to nonphilologists, teaching experience in a Chinese university, Chinese students, media-technologies.

P. 132-141

 

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TEACHING A SCIENTIFIC DIALOGUE TO POST-GRADUATE STUDENTS
IN THE MASTER’S PROGRAM OF A TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY

Frolova Tatyana P.                                            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-3-142-153

Abstact.

The article deals with the problem of teaching the scientific dialogue in a  foreign language in a technical University. The object of training are the first-year students in Master’s program, the purpose of training is to develop the ability to establish professional and academic contacts, as well as to participate in academic and professional discussions in the foreign language. The author analyzes the research papers on this issue described in the works of such Russian scientists as L. S. Vygotsky, M. M. Bakhtin, N. I. Gez, S. A. Mineeva, O. L. Mitrofanova, T. S. Serova and others. The author emphasizes that the training of the dialogic speech in general and the scientific dialogue in particular occurs through the training of dialogized micro monologue, which is a “dialogue of meanings” (according to M. M. Bakhtin), exchange of opinions, judgments. The purpose of this article is to describe a complex of exercises for teaching one of the main forms of speaking on the material of the specialty – dialogical speech of scientific style. In this regard, the article reveals such concepts as “dialogized monologue” and “speech semantic dialogical unity”. 

Keywords: 

scientific dialogue, the complex of exercises, dialogized micro monologue, speech semantic dialogical unity.

P. 142-153

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION
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USING THE GAME APPROACH IN TEACHING GENERAL PROFESSIONAL DISCIPLINES 

Gelman Viktor Ya                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-3-154-161

Abstract.

Active and interactive teaching methods are now widely implemented in the educational process. The aim of the study is to consider the problems that arise when using the game approach in the process of teaching in higher professional education and, in particular, when teaching general professional disciplines, as well as to identify possible ways to solve these problems. Educational games are the object of this study. The methodological basis of the study is the analysis of scientific publications, expert assessment and generalized practical experience in identifying the main trends and problems that arise when implementing
the game approach. The author examines in  detail such aspects of the topic as restrictions on the use of game methods in teaching general professional disciplines, ways to apply the game approach in these conditions, and assess the effectiveness of the proposed game methods. Particular attention is paid to the use of educational games during workshops and seminars. The paper concludes that it is advisable to use individual elements of game methods during ongoing monitoring during practical exercises as an additional (auxiliary) pedagogical tool. This approach is especially important to increase students’ motivation. A number of ways to apply the game approach are proposed. The effectiveness of the proposed game methods in higher professional education is shown.

Keywords:

game approach, teaching, higher professional education, general professional disciplines, educational games, practical classes.

P. 154-161

 

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CREOLIZATION AS A TOOL TO TEACH RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE FOR BEGINNERS

Kuzmina Elena O.                                              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-3-162-171

Abstract.

This article considers the phenomenon of creolization as a tool to teach Russian as a foreign language. The features of this phenomenon are revealed and the existing classifications are analyzed in detail. Also, the need to use creolization at the initial stage of training is substantiated.

Keywords: 

creolization, polycode texts, Russian as a foreign language.

P. 162-171

 

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METHODS AND TECHNIQUES OF SYSTEMATIZING THE LEXICAL MATERIAL
WHILE TEACHING A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

Samartseva Ekaterina Yu.                                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-3-172-180

Abstract.

The article deals with different methods of systematizing the lexical material which is presented to students at the certain period of the lesson with the aim of enlarging their vocabulary on the topic or reducing lexical difficulties. The author gives practical recommendations on the ways of systematizing the lexical material which can be used at the English lessons both at the stage of shaping students’ lexical skills and at the stage of their improvement.

Keywords: 

active vocabulary, lexis, lexical units, methods of systematizing, enlargement of the vocabulary.

P. 172-180

 

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USING THE RESOURCES OF THE E-LEARNING COURSE IN FORMING LANGUAGE AND SPEECH SKILLS OF SPANISH-SPEAKING STUDENTS

Verenich Тatiana К., Zlobina Svetlana A., Srmikyan Violetta S. 

                                                                        DOI: 110.31862/2218-8711-2020-3-181-193

Abstract.

This article summarizes the material on the introduction of electronic courses in teaching Russian as a foreign language. Recently, e-learning has become an integral part of the educational process at the university and is used in all forms of education. The relevance of studying existing online courses is due to the need to introduce distance learning courses in the practice of teaching Russian as a foreign language for Spanish-speaking students in a series of entry-level lessons to form language and speech skills of students’. The application of
an electronic training course allows one to improve the quality of education through the use of various educational resources. The materials of the article may be useful to teachers of Russian as a foreign language, working with the Spanish-speaking audience.

Keywords:

distance learning, e-learning, information and multimedia technologies, individualization, digital generation, competence.

P. 181-193

 

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THE MODEL OF COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE DEVELOPMENT IN FUTURE IT SPECIALISTS

Neborsky Egor V., Tarakanov Yaroslav L.        DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-3-194-200

Abstract. 

The article discusses issues related to the development of communicative competence in future IT professionals. The definition of communicative competence and selected structural components is given. A model is proposed to develop the communicative competence in future
IT specialists in the field of activity, which includes four key components: targeted, normative-theoretical, organizationalmethodological, and productive-evaluative.

Keywords:

communicative competence, communication, professional activity, IT specialist, the model of communicative competence development.

P. 194-200

   

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TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT OF A STUDENT AS A SECONDARY LANGUAGE PERSONA IN THE PROCESS OF TEACHING EPP

Azarova Ofelia A.                                              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-3-201-206

Abstract. 

The article is concerned with the general aspects associated with the formation and further development of undergraduates as secondary language personae within the professionally oriented training. The analysis of psychological and pedagogical literature, as well as the empirical research, proves that the level of an individual’s linguistic and psychological qualities is able to influence the processes of university graduates’ adaptation to the changing conditions in the professional environment, their relevance and success in the field of the chosen vocation in modern context of the labor market. A number of  pedagogical conditions that contribute to the implementation of the tasks in the field of Linguodidactics have been proposed, namely: the internationalization of education, the diversification of pedagogical techniques and means to form a steady interest to the course “Foreign language for professional purposes”, the incentive of students’ independen work in order to determine the vector of an individual’s language development.

Keywords:

secondary linguistic persona, undergraduates, professionally oriented foreign-language training, pedagogical conditions, personality development.

P. 201-206

 

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ONLINE COURSE AS A TOOL OF INTERNAL INTERNATIONALIZATION
IN RUSSIAN HIGHER EDUCATION

Kopus Tatiana L., Klimova Irina I.                   DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-3-207-215

Abstract. 

The article is devoted to the implementation of internal internationalization in Russian higher education through online course. The article is focused on internationalizing the course considered as one of the possible ways of internal internationalization. The authors present their experience of approbation of the “Intercultural Business Communication” online course, designed to build and develop intercultural communication competence in international  groups of undergraduate students. The aim of approbation was to understand the effectiveness of training in international groups of undergraduate students in the format of an online course that was not previously used in the educational process, as well as to determine the optimal conditions for the subsequent implementation of this format. The methods of research were: the quantitative and qualitative analysis of feedback, the method of questioning students, data collection on the results of the course. Methodical decisions on management of the online course, on the organization of the interactive part of the course are revealed.

Keywords:

online course, internal internationalization, internationalization of the course, intercultural business communication, intercultural communication, training in international groups.

P. 207-215

 

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AUTHOR’S COURSE IN ACTING IN CHOREOGRAPHY: ISSUES
AND DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS

Melovatskaya Anna E.                                      DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-3-216-227

Abstract. 

The article explores the issue of teaching acting in choreography; the author analyzes the relationship between the acting in the drama and ballet theaters, as well as their fundamental differences; the specifics of teaching the discipline “Theory and Practice of Acting in Ballet” and a number of requirements for those who teach this course are considered; in the article, acting
in choreography is considered, on the one hand, as a separate area of dramatic art, on the other hand, it is inextricably linked with the dance itself and with the process of training professional dancers.  The paper raises the issue of the lack of teaching methodology for acting in choreography at the highest level of education, as a result of which only personal practical experience, understanding, analysis and accumulated knowledge of the teacher who wants to teach this subject can be the basis on which the material for teaching this subject is formed. The article compares the acting programs of Moscow State Academy of Choreography and the Institute of Contemporary Art, and reviews the specialized literature.

Keywords:

acting in choreography, imagery, choreographic image, plastic expressiveness, musical sense.

P. 216-227

 

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VIDEO PROJECT AS A TYPE OF MASS EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITY OF STUDENTS TO ENHANCE A FOREIGN LANGUAGE COMPETENCE

Vaganova Natalia V., Karpova Yulia N., 

Savitskaya Alexandra O.                                  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-3-228-236

Abstract. 

The authors consider relevance of extracurricular activities with students of non-linguistic universities in order to form a foreign language competence, describe the forms and types of extracurricular activities. One of the successful types of extracurricular activities is an online video conference in a foreign language to stimulate students’ interest in learning English, as well as to develop speaking, listening, writing and reading skills. The use of innovative means of communication in extracurricular activities is based on the position of media pedagogy about the potential educational and educative resources of any mass communication
medium. The online video conference held in Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod arranges a competition of videos on a given topic, communication at the conference is carried out only in English.

Keywords:

extracurricular activity, media pedagogy, online video conference, video project, foreign language competence.

P. 228-236

 

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THE USE OF INNOVATION IN TEACHING THE SUBJECT OF “SOCIAL ECOLOGY”
IN SCHOOLS

Sogoyan Spartak S., Minasyan Gohar S.          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-3-237-244

Abstract. 

This article reveals the educational and health-saving potential of the “Social Ecology” discipline, the significant experience of teaching which has been accumulated by Armenian teachers. It reveals the objectives, the integrative nature of the content of the subject, the technology of studying and evaluating the results of mastering the didactic material. The innovative search for educators to increase the productivity of studying the subject of “Social Ecology” is characterized.

Keywords:

ecology, social ecology, human, nature, innovation, school.

P. 237-244 

 

Friday, 22 May 2020 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2020 №2

Written by

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 2-2020

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00 
ONTOLOGY AND EPISTEMOLOGY
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ANTI-PEDAGOGY IN THE MIRROR OF PHILOSOPHICAL REFLECTION

Sukhanova Natalia P.                                            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-9-14

Abstract. 

Technologization and digitalization have an impact on public life and culture in general, culture is becoming mainstream. The inevitability of the onset of the postmodern epoch with its basic principles, including pluralism, relativism, mosaicism and heterogeneity, is considered. Postmodern philosophy represents the world as a  ultitude of fragments, stable links between which are not observed. The influence of postmodernist principles on pedagogy and the formation of anti-pedagogy is analyzed. The concept of antipedagogy in a radical form rejects the value and significance of upbringing and education. Attention is focused on the critical attitude of anti-pedagogy not only to educatory and pedagogic methods, but also to the consumer society. The technocratic approach is being criticized, the trainee must have a correct idea  of a democratic society, and teachers must be broad-minded people who can step beyond the bounds of the subject being taught. The implementation of postmodernist principles leads to an increase and saturation of the educational environment, to the alignment of the subject-subject interaction of the teacher and student. It is concluded that particular ideas of anti-pedagogy organically exist in the modern education system, but the idea of anti-pedagogical theorists seems to be utopian that a reliable and sure way of changing the educational system is the destruction of this system.

Keywords:

education, pedagogy, antipedagogy, philosophy, postmodernism.

P. 9-14

 

 

HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY

 

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POETIC METAPHYSIC OF M. LERMONTOV

Pugachev Oleg S.                                                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-15-21

Abstract. 

The article represents the experience on identifying poetic metaphysics in the work of M. Lermontov’s. In this regard, it contains an estimated characteristic of the great poet’s heritage in its ethical and pedagogical significance. In terms of the priority grounds for such an analysis the ideas, stated by Vl. Soloviev in his literary-critical articles, are presented. The analysis of Lermontov’s works “Dream”, “Demon”, “Duma” and others in the aspect of the clash of two worlds, nonexistential in relation to each other, is carried out. The article emphasizes the timeliness and modernity of M. Lermontov’s oeuvre.

Keywords:

metaphysic, ethics, imagination, other worlds, demon, 205th anniversary of M. Lermontov.

P. 15-21

        

PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 

 

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ECOLOGICAL PHILOSOPHY: MODERN APPROACHES AND ISSUES

Gorokhov Sergey A.                                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-22-29

Abstract.

The article considers ecophilosophy as a new branch of philosophy, formed at the intersection of such Sciences as biology, genetics, sociology, ecology, etc. Different approaches of identifying the essential characteristics of the interaction of man and nature are analyzed. Particular attention is paid to the ideological approach when studying this problem. As the main conclusion, the author substantiates the thesis about the need to abandon the use of discrete approaches in the study of the interaction of society and the world around; a new paradigm of modern society development.

Keywords:

philosophy, ecology, ecophilosophy, biosphere, ecological worldview, interdisciplinary approach, coevolutionary approach.

P. 22-23

 

  

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00
SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY 

 

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PROSOCIAL BEHAVIOR OF HOMELESS WOMEN

Shvetsova Maya N., Lazarenko Karina A.        DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-30-37

Abstract.

The article analyzes the results of the study of prosocial behavior of middle-aged women without a certain place of residence. The authors conclude that homeless women have a prosocial behavior; their altruism and empathy are higher than those of women who have a home. The most used strategies of prosocial behavior in homeless people are the compliant and altruistic type, and in women who have a home, the compliant  and emotional type. The statistical analysis revealed the correlation between altruism and empathy, and also showed the difference between the two categories of women participating in the study.

Keywords:

prosocial behavior, empathy, altruism, homeless women.

P. 30-37

 

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
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USING LEARNING STYLES IN EPP ACCORDING TO PSYCHOLOGICAL TYPES OF LEARNERS

Drobysheva Natalia N.                                         DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-38-46

Abstract.

The article concerns the use of learning styles in professionally oriented foreign language training, depending on the characteristics connected with the perception of educational information by students (visual, auditory, kinesthetic, etc.). Based on the analysis of psychological and pedagogical literature and empirical data, it is proposed to use the project methods in teaching a foreign language with senior students of non-linguistic universities, taking into account learning styles both in group and individual student work. The purpose of the article is to show one of the teaching techniques that can solve several problems: the development of foreign-language communicative competencies, information and technical skills, presentation skills and team  building. In addition, practical recommendations on the use of learning styles in the process of mastering a language for professional purposes (LPP) at a non-linguistic university can facilitate in creating the conditions for forming, development and improvement of the system involving stylistic characteristics of students’ intellectual behavior, which will ultimately affect the results of their educational activities.

Keywords:

learning styles, psychological type of trainees, project methodology, foreign language training, students of a non-linguistic university.

P. 38-46

 

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THE STUDY ON FAMILY MICROCULTURE

Gorelkina Maria A.                                                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-47-53

Abstract.

In this article, the family, and its microculture, is considered as a translator of norms, rules of behavior, family life, under the influence of which a person obtains a system of relations to their own life, to society, to the universe, in other words, life-meaning human values. The main attention is paid to the structure of the microculture. The main blocks that make up the microculture are highlighted. The author’s proprietary questionnaire for the study of family microculture is developed.

Keywords:

family microculture, a family’s way of life, structure of a family’s life, proprietary questionnaire, family traditions.

P. 47-53

 

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PECULIARITIES OF MANAGEMENT OF COGNITIVE BARRIERS IN EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY OF STUDENTS WITH FIELD-INDEPENDENT AND FIELD-DEPENDENT STYLES 

Ngo Thi Nga (Republic of Vietnam)                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-54-65

Abstract.

The survey is dedicated to the identification of cognitive barriers in educational and professional activities among students with field-dependent and fieldindependent styles of cognitive activity. For these purposes, we used the principle of taxonomy proposed by B. Bloom (“the taxonomy of the levels of knowledge of Benjamin Blum”), as well as the “Gottschaldt figures” technique. The results show that the cognitive style is a factor influencing the level of cognitive difficulties.

Keywords:

cognitive barrier, cognitive activity, cognitive style, educational activity, fielddependent style, field-independent style.

P. 54-65

 

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00
75TH CELEBRATION OF THE GREAT VICTORY
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NAZISM, FASCISM, NATIONALISM: ANALYTICAL APPROACH TO CONCEPTUAL HISTORICAL CATEGORIES IN THE STUDY OF HUMANITARIAN DISCIPLINE 

Hutin Anatoly F., Bryantseva Marina V.               DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-66-76

Abstract.

The article discusses some  theoretical aspects of the social policy of the state, conceptual categories from the perspective of teaching humanitarian historical disciplines at the university, shows the negativity of Nazism, fascism and nationalism as unacceptable socio-political phenomena for the development of a civilized society, social structure, which is relevant not only in a cognitive sense, from the point of view of the analytics of the problem, which is extremely important, but necessary in order to form a historical and genetic memory of the people, a correct assessment of the events of the historical past and present, analysis
and forecasting of the near future in terms of preventing social and political conflicts in society, as well as with the aim of increasing the general level of training of highly qualified personnel in the direction “Pedagogical Education”.

Keywords:

social policy of the state, history, Nazism, nationalism, fascism, teaching of humanities.

P. 66-76

 

 

MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

  

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FEATURES OF INTERDISCIPLINARY INTERACTION OF GENERAL EDUCATIONAL DISCIPLINES THROUGH THE PRISM OF MONITORING IN RUSSIA AND FRANCE 

Korosteleva Alina A., Romanova Marina Yu.       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-77-85

Abstract.

The article reveals the peculiarities of the education system’s monitoring as a standardized observation; provides the data on the results of the questionnaire survey of high school students, allowing to determine which form of knowledge control they prefer. The authors explore the features of interdisciplinary interaction of general education subjects in the Russian and French systems of education in order to identify possibilities to influence the individualization of the education system as a whole.

Keywords:

individualization, integration, interdisciplinary interaction, interdisciplinarity, monitoring, social studies, economics.

P. 77-85

  

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FEATURES OF REALIZATION OF THE CONCEPT OF EDUCATIONAL WORK IN SCHOOLS FOR CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES IN MOSCOW REGION

Gomzyakova Natalia Yu.                                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-86-92

Abstract.

The article deals with the analysis of the concept of educational work with children with disabilities. The article discusses approaches to developing the components of this concept taking into account the specifics of Moscow region. The article views the peculiarities of the organization of such areas of the educational work as cognitive information, historical and Patriotic, local history, labor, aesthetic, moral, sports, environmental education, as well as the
network interaction of establishments of different levels in order to implement the tasks of educational work with children in Moscow region.

Keywords:

educational work, children with health limitations, special education in Moscow region, the educational work concept.

P. 86-92

 

THEORY OF EDUCATION
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THREE FOUNDATIONS OF SELF-ORGANIZATION OR MONTESSORI IN THE POSTNONCLASSICAL AGE 

Modekin Alexander A., Prokofyeva Elena N.     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-93-102

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the study of self-organization in the Montessori Elementary school. The topic of self-organization was previously discussed within different areas of science by P.Kropotkin, H. Haken, E. Sheval and others. M. Montessori described conditions required for the big groups of children to study independently and productively. These conditions can be discussed through the lens of the modern science. The article  contains three groups of the self-organization foundations in the Elementary school: philosophical, psychological and pedagogical. The philosophical foundations are the elements of the self-organizing system, which are the following: an open system, a big amount of the elements and the energy coming to the system from the outside. Psychological foundations are the executive functions development, self-determination and flow. Pedagogical foundations of the self-organization are the key elements of the Montessori Method: a prepared environment, observation by the teacher and mixed age classroom. The theoretical analysis shows that a Montessori Elementary school creates all conditions for self-organized system in any classroom.

Keywords:

self-organization, Montessori, elementary school, synergetics, executive functions, flow, self-determination, prepared environment, educational environment, observation method, mixed age classroom.

P. 93-102

  

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

 

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KEY VALUES OF DOMESTIC EDUCATION IN K. D. USHINSKY’S WORKS

Konstantinova Natalia D.                                  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-103-107

Abstract.

The article is a content analysis of the main works of the prominent Russian teacher and public figure Konstantin Dmitrievich Ushinsky in order to determine the fundamental values that he transmitted to the domestic education system.

Keywords:

domestic education, upbringing, teacher training, K. D. Ushinsky, values, labor, pedagogical anthropology.

P. 103-107

 

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MODEL AND STRUCTURE OF THE CONTENT OF EDUCATION IN F. A. KHARTAKHAY’S CLASSICAL SECONDARY SCHOOLS

Mikhaylova Dzhuletta V.                                 DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-108-117

Abstract.

The article presents the analysis of the content of education in the early classical secondary schools in Mariupol, founded by the teacher and educator Feoktist Khartakhay. Normative documents on education, curricula and methods of teaching certain subjects in Alexandrovsky and Mariinsky classical secondary schools were studied. The question is investigated in the context of the reform of public education in the Russian Empire in the second half of the XIX century.

Keywords:

Mariupol Alexandrovsky classical secondary school, Mariupol Mariinsky classical secondary school, Feoktist Khartakhay, Charter of 1871, public education.

P. 108-117

 

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TEACHING OF THE LAW OF GOD IN THE ZEMSTVO PRIMARY SCHOOLS
IN GZHEL FOLK CRAFT IN THE 1880s

Nikonov Vadim V., Sidorov Ivan V.                  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-118-126

Abstract.

The article presents the analysis of the content of education in the early classical secondary schools in Mariupol, founded by the teacher and educator Feoktist Khartakhay. Normative documents on education, curricula and methods of teaching certain subjects in Alexandrovsky and Mariinsky classical secondary schools were studied. The question is investigated in the context of the reform of public education in the Russian Empire in the second half of the XIX century.

Keywords:

Mariupol Alexandrovsky classical secondary school, Mariupol Mariinsky classical secondary school, Feoktist Khartakhay, Charter of 1871, public education.

P. 118-126

 

  

 

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION

 

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AESTHETIC EDUCATION OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN IN THE NEW SOCIO-CULTURAL CONDITIONS

Komarova Tamara S., Moskvina Anna S.         DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-127-134

Abstract.

In this article, the researchers draw the attention of the professional pedagogical community in the field of preschool education to the new meaning of the aesthetic education of preschool children in the sociocultural situation of the 21st century. The tasks of the education system as a social institution of society are revealed. The history of the concept of sustainable development as applied to the theory and practice of preschool education is presented briefly. The role of aesthetic education in the holistic development of the personality of a child of preschool age is defined. The analysis of the Federal state educational standard of preschool education in terms of the aesthetic education of preschool children is presented. The mission of an integrated approach in the aestheticization of preschool childhood is formed. The methods and scientific and pedagogical conditions of the aesthetic education of children of preschool age in a new socio-cultural reality are reflected.

Keywords:

aesthetic education, preschool children, new socio-cultural reality, sustainable development, conditions.

P. 127-134

 

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DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENT’S RESEARCH ACTIVITY IN THE FIELD OF MUSIC
AND CULTURE STUDY

Ovchinnikova Julia S.                                      DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-135-145 

Abstract.

The author concludes her 12 years’ experience of pedagogical support of research activity of university students (within a special course in Moscow State University (2007–2019)) and of high school students from Russia (during expeditions to Bashkiria, Khakassia and Altai (2012–2019)) and other countries (at XI International Research School in Yakutia (2018)). Through the case histories from practice the following aspects are examined: the specificity of culture study approach to traditional music of different peoples, thematic variety of regarded problematics, main steps of support of student’s research activity. In a teacher’s methodological accompaniment of students’ research work the following key elements are regarded: motivating students for research; creating conditions for discovering self-important meanings of music study; transformation of their cognition interests and hobbies into a research object; teacher’s independent study and problematization of research topic chosen by students; co-opperative development of the research algorithm; assistance in choosing methods for collecting and analyzing the material; orientation in work with theoretical sources after the student’s self-experience of an independent research activity; assistance in work with text of their research; correcting the work while a presentation preparation; psychological support of students on different stages of their research activity.  Theoretical understanding of individual and group research work (also in a multinational audience) is also developed.

Keywords:

development of research activity, music and culture studies, subject-activity approach in education, research model of education, culture study education, musical education.

P. 135-145

   

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MOST COMMON MISTAKES CHINESE STUDENTS MAKE WHILE LEARNING RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

Sokolova Galina E.                                            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-146-154

Abstact.

This article analyzes the various types of mistakes that Chinese students who come to study to Russia make. Since the improvement of the students’ speech culture and literacy is one of the main challenges that a teacher of Russian as a foreign language faces, it is necessary to carefully differentiate, distinguish and combat all possible sorts and kinds of errors Chinese students make while studying. Unfortunately, most students’ language competence is too low for a fullfledged academic activity. They find it difficult to communicate in the Russian language, to work with the educational material, to write,  listen to, perceive, and then to reproduce the lecture material. The Chinese language is fundamentally different from the Russian language, for example, Chinese nouns are not marked for gender, number, or case. And when learning Russian, students face rules and language norms, which they find very difficult not only to understand, but also to apply in practice. Observations and years of experience of teaching Chinese students prove that the mistakes, they make in the process of learning Russian, are quite similar. Therefore, the article attempts to consider, analyze and organize possible cases of violation of all language norms of the Russian language.

Keywords: 

language norms, speech culture, literacy, speech etiquette, linguistic errors, psychological errors, national mentality.

P. 146-154

  

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TRAINING OF LIBRARY AND INFORMATION PERSONNEL FOR THE SERVICE OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES: CURRENT STATUS AND DEVELOPMENT TRENDS

Bakhtina Elena V., Tretyakov Andrei L.           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-155-163

Abstact.

Abstract. This article raises one of the urgent issues of the modern international social sphere – creating a comfortable environment for people with disabilities. The international and domestic legal framework for the regulation of the life of persons with  disabilities is reflected. The organization of receiving cultural and educational services by people with disabilities is highlighted. Researchers focus on the need to train highly qualified professionals for library and information services to deal with people with disabilities. The organizational and pedagogical foundations of the innovative academic discipline “Dealing with Library Users with Special Needs“ developed by E. V. Bakhtina, are described and disclosed. Prospects for the development of the phenomenon under study in the context of the social development are indicated.

Keywords: 

people with disabilities, library and information personnel, legal framework, proprietary academic discipline, development vectors.

P. 155-163

 

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EVALUATION OF PRACTICAL ABILITIES AND SKILLS OF UNDERGRADUATES IN THE FIELD OF EMERGENCY RESCUE AND FIRE FIGHTING

Bulgakov Vladislav V.                                       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-164-173

Abstact.

The technique of developing and assessing practical abilities and skills of cadets in the field of carrying out rescue works and fire extinguishing realized in the form of the practical fire test is described. The methodology of the practical fire test has a significant potential for motivating students to master practical skills, including through its use admission to the term exams and the Final state exam. Approbation of the practical fire test at the final year showed the need for its systematic application throughout the period of training of cadets in the Academy.

Keywords: 

practical skills, rescue operations, firefighting, graduates.

P. 164-173

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION
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DEVELOPING THE INFORMATION LITERACY OF SCHOOL STUDENTS WITH THE USE OF THE TECHNOLOGY OF BLENDED LEARNING IN BIOLOGY CLASSES 

Perelovich Natalia V., Smirnova Tatyana A., 

Godin Vladimir N., Chizhenkova Elizaveta O.  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-174-182

Abstract.

The article considers the ways of organizing lessons with the use of the technology of blended learning. Methods, forms and instruments needed for holding different classes with the 9th grade schoolchildren which ensure the development of information literacy of students within the framework of this technology are included. Lessons held according to the blended learning
technology are described: “inverted class”, “laboratory rotation”, “station rotation”, “flexible model”. The advantages of each form of the lesson concerning the goal achievement are highlighted – the development of information literacy of students. Conclusions are confirmed by the experiment carried out.

Keywords:

“Digital School”, technology of blended learning, information literacy. 

P. 174-182

 

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DESIGN AND TECHNOLOGY IMPLEMENTATION OF EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS OF HIGHLY QUALIFIED PERSONNEL AT THE UNIVERSITY

Afanasyev Ilya V.                                            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-183-191

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the analysis of approaches to the design and implementation of postgraduate educational programs, which should, firstly, be competitive in the market of educational services, secondly, contribute to the development of the qualities of a researcher that the postgraduates need, and finally, imply a value component in relation to society and the students themselves. The level organization of the educational process in post-graduate school is presented, the conditions are formulated that must be satisfied by the basic
clusters of educational programs. The features  of integration of systemic and scenario approaches in the training of highly qualified personnel are considered. By way of example, a program of organizing independent work of students in the post-graduate school, its structure and content are presented.

Keywords: 

highly qualified personnel, highly qualified personnel training program, hierarchical continuum, system and scenario approaches.

P. 183-191

 

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ON THE COMMUNICATIVE SELF-EFFICACY OF STUDENTS IN THE CONTEXT
OF THEIR PROFESSIONAL TRAINING FOR MULTICHANNEL COMMUNICATION

Ignatova Valentina V., Pasechkina Tatyana N. 

                                                                       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-192-200

Abstract.

The article draws attention to the relevant for higher education issue of forming students’ meta-qualities, or soft skills, including communicative self-efficacy. The authors present a view on the process of development of future specialists’ communicative self-efficacy, based on an analysis of the structure of this phenomenon. The main attention is paid to the characteristics of the criteria, indicators and levels of formation of communicative self-efficacy.

Keywords: 

communicative self-efficacy, forming communicative self-efficacy, criteria and levels of communicative selfefficacy, communication, multichannel communication.

P. 192-200

 

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THE VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENT OF MANAGING THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS

Vasilieva Natalia V., Grigoriev-Golubev Vladimir V., Evgrafova Irina V.  

                                                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-201-214

Abstract.

The article deals with the methodology of management of independent work of students in the blended learning framework  based on a virtual educational environment, which is a component of the electronic information and educational environment of the University. Particular attention is paid to the requirements for interactive software products that form the basis virtual of the learning environment: the requirements of convenience, accessibility, didactic efficiency, and tools for their development.

Keywords:

blended learning, virtual learning environment, e-learning course, educational process management, test control.

P. 201-214

 

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COACHING IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE TRAINING OF SOCIAL SCIENCES STUDENTS AS A FACILITATOR OF THEIR PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT

Azarova Ofeliia A.                                      DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-215-221

Abstract. 

The coaching model of training in the field of Arts is an element of the psychological support in a pedagogical activity. Such a support is primarily aimed at creating personal and value guidelines, evolving students’ potential in the field of self-determination and self-development, including, while studying a foreign language, in the content, goals and objectives such components as psychological assistance to students in solving their educational and daily problems, overcoming barriers and demotivators for learning a non-native language. The coaching model allows to teach more effectively and develop students’ ability to study on their own and think critically, to find a way out in difficulties or dangerous life situations. The specifics of the activity oblige a coach to plan classes in a life-affirming manner, to introduce innovations competently and warily, to resist stereotyping, to mitigate negative feelings, self-doubt. At the end of the article, a number of psychological and pedagogical conditions are proposed for putting into practice the coaching model of foreign language training.

Keywords:

coaching model, foreign language training, university students, coach, personal and professional development.

P. 215-221

   

YOUNG SCIENTISTS’ VISION
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FOREIGN LANGUAGE PHONOLOGICAL ABILITY OF A PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENT AS AN OBJECT OF ACQUISITION IN PRIMARY FOREIGN LANGUAGE EDUCATION

Romanovskaya Ekaterina I.                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-222-226

Abstract. 

The article deals with the foreign language phonological ability as a methodological phenomenon in teaching a foreign language in primary school age. The concepts of «phonemic hearing», «phonetic hearing», «phonological ability» are analyzed. The article describes the
structural components of a foreign language phonological ability and its importance for developing foreign language speech abilities in primary school children.

Keywords:

phonetics, phonology, ability, primary foreign language education, second language mastering.

P. 222-226

 

 

 

Wednesday, 01 April 2020 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2020 №1

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 1-2020

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00 

 

HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY

 

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GENESIS OF THE IDEAS OF SOCIAL PROGRESS IN HISTORICAL-PHILOSOPHICAL THOUGHT

Rodicheva Irina S., Sukhanova Natalia P.            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-9-15

Abstract. 

Development and social changes are realized in the culture and fixed by the public consciousness, beginning with the ancient civilizations. The concept of progress is viewed through the prism of the history of philosophy. Attention is focused on the creation of the first cyclical theories of the development of society by Plato and Aristotle, the spread of social change to various spheres of social structure. The perception of the idea of social progress as the flourishing and movement for a better future in the philosophical theories of the New time is shown, reflecting political optimism and faith in the abilities and intelligence of human. We analyze the genesis of social progress during the 19th century, the belief in the continuous progressive development of humanity, human values, to the aid of which science and technology come. The weakening of people’s faith in absolute and endless progress is taking place against the background of the historical events of the 20th century, including wars, revolutions, environmental disasters and economic crises, resulting in the flowering of historical pessimism, disappointment and doubt in the progressive movement. Under the conditions of the modern civilizational crisis, the idea of progress is replaced by ideas about the regressive nature of social and societal changes. The evolutionary nature of philosophical concepts, the acquisition of the status of philosophy of not being an abstract theoretical concept, but a fundamentally important tool for understanding modern society and predicting historical and social perspectives, is given. The article provides the conclusion that the concepts of zero growth and restrained, gradual development are replacing the idea of progress and regress, while positivist philosophy gives way to syncretic directions and a tolerant attitude towards the world as a whole. 

Keywords:

philosophy, history of philosophy, society, science, progress, regress, values.

P. 9-15

       

SOCIAL PHILOSOPHY 

 

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FEAR AS AN OBJECT OF SOCIAL PRODUCTION

Polianski Dmitri V.                                               DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-16-23

Abstract.

The article analyzes the socio-cultural trends associated with the experience of the emotion of fear. Social institutions and factors that contribute to the spread of new fears in society are identified. Special attention is paid to the role of the media. Fear is considered not only as an existential fate, but also as a person’s need. The industry and the social practices related to meeting this need are described. The article aims to explain the paradoxical situation of modern human: a combination of a high level of safety with a high level of anxiety in their social life.

Keywords:

emotion, fear, anxiety, media, society, the culture of fear.

P. 16-23

   

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00

 

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
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METAPHORICAL REPRESENTATIONS OF THE LIFE PATH OF THE STUDENTS

Vachkov Igor V., Salikova Evelina Mariia V.        DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-24-38

Abstract.

The article discusses theoretical approaches to understanding the life path; basing on the analysis objective and subjective ideas about the life path are revealed, practical methods for studying metaphorical representations about the life path in the framework of the psychological research are described, a theoretical base for this method use is proposed. The
data of the first stage of the research of metaphorical ideas about the life path of students’ is considered. The study engaged 50 interviewees. Based on the conducted research, the types of metaphors of life paths are highlighted.

Keywords:

representations, metaphor of students’ life path, psychological time.

P. 24-38

 

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THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL NETWORKS ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DEPENDENCE OF STUDENTS OF THE PEDAGOGICAL HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION: PRACTICAL ASPECT

Dolganina Vera V., Shirvanyan Arevik E.             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-39-48

Abstract.

The article presents a theoretical analysis of the issue of psychological dependence of modern youth on social networks, emphasizing the scale at the present stage of social development. The authors describe both the positive and negative effects of social networks on an individual, considering the main reasons of forming this type of dependence. The article also contains the data of a questionnaire study diagnosing psychological dependence on social networks among students of a pedagogical higher education institution. The results of the survey presented by the authors confirm the need for preventive and corrective measures, which are a complex process of development of the psychological characteristics of the individual, ensuring one’s resistance to addictive behaviour and the formation of skills for a healthy lifestyle. The article describes some practical recommendations for reducing the level of Internet addiction, as well as enhancing the adaptation and socialization of the individual in the modern world.

Keywords:

social networks, youth Internet addiction, psychological dependence, the Internet, Internet account, students of a pedagogical higher education institution.

P. 39-48

 

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GROUP TRAINING AS A PSYCHOLOGICAL TOOL FOR CORRECTING SCHOOL ANXIETY IN CHILDREN OF PRIMARY SCHOOL AGE

Bochantseva Lyudmila I., Zavyalova Angelica N.    

                                                                            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-49-60

Abstract.

The article deals with the study of the effect of group training on reducing the level of school anxiety among young school students. The article reveals the concept of anxiety and school anxiety in domestic and foreign psychology. The authors reveal the causes of school anxiety, as well as their impact on the mental development of the child. Special attention is paid to the
description of the psychological means of correcting school anxiety. The experimental study proves that group training is an effective psychological tool to reduce school anxiety, social stress experience, fear of self-expression, test of knowledge, inconsistency with the expectations of others and the fear of interacting with teachers.

Keywords:

anxiety, school anxiety, psychological means of correction, group training.

P. 49-60

 

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FORMING YOUNG CHILDREN’S AESTHETIC CULTURE: PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL GUIDELINES

Moskvina Anna S.                                                 DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-61-69

Abstract.

This article draws the attention of teachers and educators of preschool and general educational institutions, as well as theorists of modern education, to the problem of forming aesthetic culture in young children (0–8 years of age). The legal documents regulating the topic under analysis are given. The theoretical analysis of the problem in the historical and pedagogical retrospective is given. The basic pedagogical principles of forming the young children’s aesthetic culture are indicated. The article presents the analysis of visual arts programs for young children and reflects the points of growth of the aesthetic education in the digital conditions of the development of civil society.

Keywords:

aesthetic culture, young children, forming, principles, conditions, problems.

P. 61-69

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 

 

MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

  

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CONCEPTUAL IMPASSE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF MODERN RUSSIAN EDUCATION AND POSSIBLE WAYS OUT

Sedykh Tatiana N.                                                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-70-83

Abstract.

The article analyzes the problems currently existing in the system of Russian education, the reasons for their occurrence and possible ways out of this situation. The author examines the foreign and Soviet experience in reforming the educational system, paying particular attention to the value and ideological orientations that have become the basis for the educational systems of different countries. Turning to the peculiarities of forming the Soviet system of education and upbringing, the author expresses the opinion about the need for a detailed study of the Soviet experience in the upbringing and training of the «new man», which can be used in modern Russia at the moment. Analyzing the influence of the concept of the “general idea” on the Russian educational system, the author concludes that it is vitally necessary to use it in the process of reforming the domestic educational system.

Keywords:

reforming education, the concept of a “common idea”, the upbringing of a “new man”, value-behavioral guidelines.

P. 70-83

  

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CHANGES IN THE PROFESSIONAL FUNCTIONS OF THE TEACHER IN MODERN SCHOOL

Tatarintseva Julia A.                                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-84-88

Abstract.

The enhancements of education place new demands on the professional functions of the teacher. As nowadays the teacher plays an important role in forming a new, informational type of society, they ought to know the variety of scientificmethodological approaches, to use efficiently advanced information technologies and to implement new pedagogical ideas into the
educational process. The article examines the changes that have occurred in the professional functions of the teacher under the influence of the social and educational environment. Innovation processes reveal the need to point out the academic function as the most important one for now.

Keywords:

the role of the teacher, the professional functions of the teacher.

P. 84-88

 

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BLENDED LEARNING IN THE EPOCH OF DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION

Krasnov Sergey V., Kalmykova Svetlana V., 

Krasnova Svetlana A.                                        DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-89-101

Abstract.

Basic tendency of today – digital transformation – renders substantial influence on education. Introduction of mass open onlinecourses (MOOCs) in an educational process became the natural response of institutions of higher education to modern trends. The article suggests a short analysis of introduction of MOOCs driven in Russia and in the world. In Saint Petersburg polytechnic university active development of mass open on-line of courses is conducted that can be used in the educational process of any institution of higher education, and is actively used in the university itself. In Institute of industrial management, economy and trade of Saint Petersburg polytechnic university online-courses have been introduced into the educational process while realizing the disciplines from 2017. Today the experience achieved allowed to inculcate online-courses in all curricula of POLYTECH. The article also provides the results of change of progress, forms of communications and problems aroused due to MOOCs introduction. The ways to solve the given problems are suggested. The next step in development of education is passing to the construction of adaptive educational trajectories allowing not only operatively to react to the calls of labor-market, but also to prepare the “specialists of the future”.

Keywords:

Massive open online courses (MOOCs), blended learning, e-learning, digital learning.

P. 89-101

 

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STUDY ON THE EFFICIENCY OF SCHOOLS BY DIFFERENT CRITERIA
(UNIFIED STATE EXAMINATION RESULTS AND FUNCTIONAL LITERACY OF SCHOOL LEAVERS)

Matyushkina Marina D., Belousov Konstantin Yu.                                                                                                                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-102-118

Abstract.

The main goal of the article is to describe the social efficiency of St. Petersburg schools using such criteria as subject  effectiveness and functional literacy. The marker of social efficiency in the empirical studies carried out by the authors of the article is the frequency of school students turning to tutoring services. The methodological basis of the study is the use of the method of secondary data analysis, which was obtained from a series of surveys among schoolchildren, parents, teachers and St. Petersburg school leavers. In addition to the empirical data obtained, the Unified State Exam ratings of the schools that took part in the surveys were collected. The concepts of the effective school are presented. The generalized “portraits” of the effective (according to the Unified State Examination criterion) and socially effective in terms of the frequency of accessing the services of tutors are given. Authors also provide the characteristics of the functional literacy concept and highlight the signs of school effectiveness by the criterion of functional literacy. Characteristics that were most distinct for effective and inefficient schools by the criterion of functional literacy were visualized. The information obtained as the result of the study can be used by school principals and teachers to improve the quality of the educational institutions’ activities and their social efficiency.

Keywords:

functional literacy, USE results, effective school, tutoring, school leavers, secondary analysis.

P. 102-118

 

THEORY OF EDUCATION
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INTEGRATED PRAGMATIC MORAL EDUCATION OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

Savchenkov Vladimir I.                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-119-125

Abstract.

In article the technique allowing high school students to form a priority of the internal moral principles and a tendency to the positive moral choice is described. Sharp discrepancy of unique individual characteristics of Russians (for example, “emigration from Russia is the most successful for all history of the United States, and the gap with other diasporas is huge”) with
the level of a such capacious indicator as the median salary is explained by a little simplifying “rules of the game” followed by society corresponding to “the golden rule of morality”. The authors, who claim that sharp “falling of morals” happened during the last  decades, in other works recognize that in days of “the Soviet power” “the double morals”, which are closer to “lack of morals” than to its “originality”, prevailed. Prominent scientists explain small efficiency of huge volume of educational actions in decades of “the Soviet power” with a priority of “pro-social altruism” though the position of “reasonable egoism”, or pragmatism, is more realistic. Progress in “awareness of usefulness and advantage of respect for ethical standards for successful activity, especially in the long term perspective” was made on the basis of complex use of practices of the leading Russian psychologists and teachers: the principle of unity of training and up-bringing, effectiveness of influence of big and small social groups (an analogue of a small group was the pedagogical team), a priority of the training technologies directed to updating of spiritual and moral qualities of the person. Introduction of the technique into “mass” school will demand not only careful development and optimization of methodical recommendations for teachers of each subject. To interest the teacher in this case often is a much more labor-consuming task, than the subsequent interest of students’.

Keywords:

golden rule of morality, prosocial altruism, postconventional thinking, morality index, pedagogical team, training technologies, rational egoism, pragmatism, interdisciplinary approach.

P. 119-125

 

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THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF THE PERSONALITY’S INCULTURATION OF FOREIGN STUDENTS: ITS ESSENCE AND STRUCTURE

Reutova Ludmila P., Solovyova Elena V.          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-126-132

Abstract.

This article deals with the theoretical aspects of the personality’s inculturation: its essence and structure are revealed; the “person” category which is the semantic concept of “personality inculturation” is analyzed; the structural components of the personality’s inculturation, which include personal, cultural, and educational fields, are described; the ideas of cultural versions of the Russian education aimed at developing the subjective and professional qualities of a person are substantiated; the analysis of the Russian literature on this subject, which identifies problematic issues in the further discussion of the personality’s inculturation as a new pedagogical phenomenon, is presented.

Keywords:

cultural versions, polyculturalism in education, Russian education, essence and structure of a personality’s inculturation, world-view.

P. 126-132

 

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

 

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TEACHER-TRAINING INSTITUTIONS UNDER THE REIGN OF EMPEROR ALEXANDER II

Konstantinova Natalia D.                                  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-133-138

Abstract.

This article is based on a brief historical analysis of the work of teachertraining institutes in the system of professional pedagogical education in Russia in the second half of the 19th century. The selected material contains information about the educational content of future teachers for city colleges and their value orientations.

Keywords:

teacher-training institute, education, city college, Alexander II, Ministry of Public Education.

P. 133-138

 

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CRITICISM OF THE SOVIET EDUCATIONAL POLICY BY THE RUSSIAN ÉMIGRÉ EDUCATORS

Milovanov Konstantin Yu.                                 DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-139-148

Abstract.

This article discusses the issue of criticizing the Soviet educational policy by prominent Russian émigré educators. The features of the emergence and existence of a special supranational cultural and educational space – the Russian pedagogical émigré society – are revealed. A select circle of scientists, thinkers, philosophers, and religious figures dealing with issues of education and upbringing has been identified. The views  of prominent representatives of the Russian emigrant world in relation to operating the school education policy by the Soviet government are described.

Keywords:

Russian pedagogical émigré society, Russian emigrant world, educational policy, Soviet regime, history of pedagogy, history of education.

P. 139-148

  

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION

 

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THE SCIENTIFIC BASIS FOR ORGANIZING ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION
OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN IN PEDAGOGICAL THEORY

Tretyakov Andrei L.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-149-156

Abstract.

This article highlights some results of the scientometric research on the issue of environmental education of preschool children in educational theory. The relevance of the research of environmental education of children in line with the modern state educational policy is reflected. It is noted that this direction is multi spherical in the context of the meta-subject development of the child’s personality in new conditions. A brief review of modern literature on the issue by national researchers is given. The methods of research are described – the method of bibliometrics and the method of webometric, with the help of which the scientometric analysis was carried out. The article discloses the study results and presents the conclusion that reflects the innovative vectors of the development of greening children in new socio-cultural informational conditions.

Keywords:

environmental education of preschool children, pedagogical research, theory, development vectors, sociocultural reality.

P. 149-156

 

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DEVELOPMENT OF LEADERSHIP SKILLS IN THE PROFESSIONAL FORMATION
OF TRAINEES AS EXEMPLIFIED BY “LEADER” CAREER RESERVE SCHOOL
OF MSU NAMED AFTER ADMIRAL G. I. NEVELSKOY

Pekar Elena V., Ivanitskaya Evgeniya A.        DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-157-172 

Abstract.

The increased focus of the state, business and public both in Russia and abroad on the development of leadership skills in the young age motivates the educational  institutions to create programs which can help trainees to develop and realize their leadership potential. The purpose of the study is to analyze the development of leadership skills in the trainees’ professional forming. The psychologists selected the trainees of “Leader” Career Reserve School and analyzed the results of their training. The obtained results characterize the workforce capacity of the University. Some difficulties in the trainees’ understanding of the practical significance of training at the career reserve school were identified, and recommendations to overcome them were given. The authors consider the development of the trainees’ awareness of the significance of working on their leadership skills as the training result. In addition to applying the results of the work done within the University and other higher education institutions in the sphere of transportation, the article can be of use for those in charge of the development of the trainees’ leadership skills at various stages of their professional forming.

Keywords:

leadership skills, adolescence, trainees’ professional formation, leadership potential, interaction of business and education, “Leader” Career Reserve School, workforce capacity of the University.

P. 157-172

   

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SYSTEM APPROACH TO FORMING A SAFE LIFESTYLE OF STUDENTS

Shuaybova Mesedo O., Minbulatova Izachat S.   

                                                                        DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-173-180

Abstact.

Preserving health and ensuring safe conditions in the process of studying at a university requires the adoption of effective decisions aimed at productive changes in the educational environment, the main purpose of which is the acquisition by students of knowledge, skills and abilities of a safe lifestyle. The aim of our work is to determine the relationship between the components of the system of forming a safe lifestyle for students, identifying its structure and functions, setting goals aimed at maintaining health and ensuring the safety of student life. The results of the study show that the integrated use of axiological, ontological, philosophicalsocial, biomedical, competency-based, personality-oriented, ethnopedagogical and other approaches, provides integration of knowledge and skills in the field of maintaining health and creating a safe lifestyle. 

Keywords: 

safe lifestyle, system approach, students, culture of safe behavior, preparedness for emergency situations, elements of the system, competence, ethnopedagogical approach, educational standards.

P. 173-180

  

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TERMINOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF INTERRELATION OF MAIN CATEGORIES OF FORMING THE ANTI-CORRUPTION CULTURE OF THE BACHELOR OF LAWS

Shtukarev Nikita A.                                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-181-197

Abstact.

In the article the author reveals the substantive link between the main categories of forming the future anti-corruption culture of the Bachelor of Laws: “culture”, “corruption culture”, “anti-corruption training”, “anticorruption education”, “anti-corruption competence”, “educational space of a law school”. It is noted that in modern Russian society there are trends of degradation of the traditional culture; anti-values are being actively formed and spread, moral ideals are being lost, practically the whole space of human life is being dehumanized. The analysis of the research space of professional training at a law school allows the author to insist on the need to create a discursive field of a new branch of pedagogical knowledge – anticorruption pedagogy.

Keywords: 

culture, corruption culture, education, anti-corruption training, anticorruption education, anti-corruption competence, anti-corruption enlightenment, educational space of a law school, anticorruption pedagogy.

P. 181-197

 

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SYSTEM ANALYSIS OF LIFE ACTIVITY OF A COMMUNITY OF STUDENTS INVOLVED IN E-SPORT

Korchemnaya Nina V.                                       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-198-204

Abstact.

This article explores the issue of organizing the student e-sport community. The purpose of this article is to determine the effective way of organizing the e-sport sphere at a university, which will contribute to the social education of students involved in computer sport. The point of the article is the contradiction between the popularity of e-sport among young people and the insufficient theoretical elaboration of its possibilities for the social education of students. Based on the experience of a particular educational organization, the content of various activities of students interested in computer sport is disclosed. The author took four main types of activity as a basis, which were subsequently refined and expanded: e-sport-training activity; competitive activity; activity aimed at promoting e-sport; background activities and background sports. The activities carried out in the computer sport sphere were classified and analyzed depending on the modes of operation proposed by B. V. Kupriyanov. In conclusion, the main findings are drawn, confirming the educational possibilities of computer sports as an effective tool for social education of students.

Keywords: 

computer sport, student, cyberathlete, youth associations, modes of operation of gaming youth associations, leisure.

P. 198-204

 

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DIFFICULTIES FACED BY A FOREIGN STUDENT DURING THEIR FIRST YEAR OF STUDY AT A RUSSIAN UNIVERSITY IN THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE

Zhukovska Alla A.                                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-205-211

Abstact.

The article deals with the issue of the language adaptation of foreign students who have left the preparatory faculty and begun their studies in Russian in the first year of the main faculty of the Russian University. The main problem is the lack of knowledge of Russian by foreign students to understand and take notes at lectures, to actively participate in seminars. The article identifies and discusses the main difficulties faced by foreigners while studying in Russia and the reasons of their appearance, analyzes the conditions of training of foreign  students at the preparatory faculty and the real results of this training, the main of which is the discrepancy between what foreign students know and are capable of and what they need to know and be able to, becoming the first-year students of a Russian University. Most first-year foreign students find it difficult to study at the same level with Russian students, so they need the support and understanding of not only teachers of Russian as a foreign language, but also teachers of other subjects. It is noted that teachers who don’t specialize in teaching Russian as a foreign language can’t and don’t want to adequately assess the level of knowledge of a foreign student and help them if needed. The article proposes a possible solution to this

problem.

Keywords: 

Russian as a foreign language, a foreign student, preparatory faculty, core faculty, learning efficiency, learning difficulties.

P. 205-211

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COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE INTERNALITY OF THE PERSONALITY OF ADULT TUVANS AND RUSSIANS (IN THE CONTEXT OF FAMILY EMOTIONAL COMMUNICATION)

Alekseenko Tatiana V., Davaa Chimis O.         DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-212-222

Abstact.

The article discusses the results of the empirical study of internality of the adults’ personality in the context of functiondysfunction of family communication of parents’ families; features of responsibility development in Tuvan families in comparison with Russian families are identified and discussed.

Keywords: 

responsibility, responsibility development, internality, family emotional communication, dysfunction of a family system, parental criticism, external borders of the family, perfectionism.

P. 212-222

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION
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DEVELOPING FLUENCY AND ORIGINALITY IN SENIOR CLASS STUDENTS’ THINKING WHEN SOLVING PROBLEMS RELATED TO FIBONACCI NUMBERS

Rostovtsev Andrey S.                                       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-223-232

Abstract.

On the basis of the requirements of modern reality with its economic, cultural and social problems, the basic concepts of modern education are changing significantly. School in modern society must focus on the personality of the student, on their holistic development. Various and complex processes that take place in modern society, require to teach, educate and develop people who will be able to solve problems in a non-standard way, i.e. will have inventive, or, as now more often said, creative thinking, the main parameters of which are fluency, originality and flexibility of thinking. To develop fluency and originality of thinking, it is necessary to broaden horizons, offering the integration of academic subjects with the various aspects of reality around us. These days the tasks of the USE in Mathematics contain problems in probability calculus and combinatorics. Therefore, it is necessary to train high school students to solve such problems. The problems associated with Fibonacci numbers contain many popular publications in mathematics, they are analysed in the classroom of school mathematical circles, they are included in the set of tasks for mathematical Olympiads. 

Keywords:

creative thinking, fluency, originality, combinatorics, Fibonacci numbers.

P. 223-232

 

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TECHNOLOGY OF CRITICAL THINKING AT FOREIGN LANGUAGE CLASSES
AS A FACTOR OF TRAINING A QUALIFIED SPECIALIST

Kholmanskikh Yulia S.                                      DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-233-241

Abstract.

The article covers peculiarities of forming and improving critical thinking skills during foreign language classes, at a nonlinguistic university, which is an essential condition for training highly qualified professional specialists. The article describes gradual stages of developing critical thinking and also reveals the structure and practical implementation of some of the most effective and motivating techniques.

Keywords: 

critical thinking, competency-based approach, foreign language, self-development, reflection.

P. 233-241

 

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CREATIVITY-BASED TECHNIQUE OF GRAMMAR TEACHING OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN NON-LINGUISTIC UNIVERSITY

Bukovsky Stanislav L., Litvinov Aleksandr V.  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-242-249

Abstract.

This article deals with the analyses and creation of creativity-based technique of English language grammar teaching in non-linguistic University. The conception of this article is creation by the authors of methodological basis of the given creativitybased technique of grammar teaching in the non-linguistic University. The authors present the definition and the detailed analyses of the content of the given creativity teaching concept which is based on the methodical principle, techniques and teaching basis. The authors of the article also present the detailed developed algorithm of the given creativitybased method of English language grammar teaching in the non-linguistic University.

Keywords: 

traduction, analogy, creativitybased technique, creativity-based technique principle, non-linguistic University, grammar, the English language, technique and content of creativity-based teaching, creative thinking grammar habit, creative thinking grammar skill, associations.

P. 242-249

 

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STUDENTS’ PARTICULAR SKILLS OF SELF-ORGANIZATION IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS

Nizamova Chulpan I., Dobrotvorskaya Svetlana G.   

                                                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-250-257

Abstract.

The article discusses the skills of self-organization that help to achieve success and high results in learning activities. The structure of particular skills of self-organization in the field of educational process is given through the structure of training in the university and the basic structure of skills of self-organization. The essence of the main structure-forming particular skills of selforganization in the educational process is revealed. The following particular skills of self-organization in the educational process are distinguished: analysis of existing pieces of knowledge and opportunities for acquiring new ones; setting and awareness of learning goals and objectives; drawing up a clear plan with prioritizing, key points and deadlines for implementation; implementation of the plan to study new educational material, according to the plan using different sources of information and practical application of the studied (motivation, logic, concentration span, cognitive flexibility, responsibility), the ability to reflect, evaluate and make adjustments in the process of independent study, find and correct the mistakes made, implement the conceived plan to achieve the educational goal, and see the direction of further development. It should be stipulated that the ability to self-organization depends not only on the available skills, but also on the personal characteristics of the individual, which can be mastered. 

Keywords:

self-organization, skills, particular skills, educational process, educational activity, development, independence, responsibility, analysis, goals, motivation, planning, implementation.

P. 250-257 

 

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METHODICAL APPROACHES TO STUDENTS DEVELOPING THE SKILL OF ORIGINAL TEXTS PREPARATION WHILE ACADEMIC WRITING

Khovanskaya Tatyana V.                                  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-258-263

Abstract. 

The article is devoted to the acute issue of detecting borrowings in graduate qualification works. The author analyzed the current state of this issue in Russian universities, and proposed a methodology for the gradual formation of students’ skill in preparing original texts. Written student works are considered, their characteristic features are highlighted, which make it possible to teach students the knowledge and skills for preparing unique works. Particular attention is paid to the need for a differentiated approach to assessing the originality of student learning activties.

Keywords:

borrowing test, Antiplagiat system, percentage of originality, written students’ works, preparation of original texts.

P. 258-263

   

Monday, 27 January 2020 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2019 №6

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 6-2019

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00 

 

PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

 

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PHILOSOPHICAL EDUCATION AND PSYCHOLOGY

Shelkovnikov Andrey Yu.                                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-6-9-14

Abstract. 

The article is dedicated to the specifics of modern philosophical education. The problem of methodical correlation between philosophy and psychology teaching is considered. One of the aspects of the subject under research is philosophical foundations of psychology. The article is intended for teachers of philosophy, psychology, and other humanities.

Keywords:

education, philosophy, psychology, methodology, self-observation.

P. 9-14

      

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“LOGIC AND CRITICAL THINKING”: THE CAMPUS COURSE SETTING

Sukhanova Natalia P.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-6-15-20

Abstract.

The article discusses the software setting implemented in the education system of the campus course “Logic and Critical Thinking”. It shows the unsatisfactory nature of the traditional information educational model, focused on the transfer of knowledge of a reproductive nature. Innovative research education is impossible without critical thinking. The attention is focused on the fact that critical thinking is not formed by itself, it is necessary to develop a strategy for its development. The key setting of the campus course is analyzed, whose goal is to form effective, rational thinking. The art of thinking can be critically taught and therefore the campus course studies language as a means of cognition, concept, statement, deductive and believable conclusions, logical and epistemic aspects of argumentation. Special attention is paid to the study of creative thinking - the theory of solving inventive problems. It is concluded that the campus course “Logic and Critical Thinking” contributes to the development of creative abilities of students, it serves the idea of preparing an independently and critically thinking specialist.

Keywords:

education, campus course, logic, critical thinking, theory of inventive problem solving, creativity.

P. 15-20

  

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21st CENTURY SKILLS DEVELOPMENT IN THE PROCESS OF HIGHER EDUCATION: PHILOSOPHICAL AND PRAGMATIC ASPECTS

Koreneva Alexandra Yu. 

Abstract.

The article analyzes the competencybased approach and the “21st century skills” concept in particular in the relation to the education process and development of 4 competences – communicative competence, creativity, critical thinking and collaborative competence – in students. By way of example, the article discusses the teaching of the “Theory and Practice of Public Relations” subject. The author suggests methods, forms and principles to develop four 21st century skills in the students majoring in this discipline.

Keywords:

the 4C concept, competencybased approach, competence, advertising and public relations, creativity, creative thinking, communication, collaboration, expert group method, Expert Text Analysis Methodology.

P. 21-35

 

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00

 

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
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STYLE OF THE INTRPERSONAL RELATION AND SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL ADAPTEDNESS OF MODERN TEENAGERS

Florovskiy Sergey Yu. 

Abstract.

Results of an empirical research of interrelation of socio-psychological adaptedness of the senior teenagers (n = 297) with style peculiarities of their interpersonal relation (the attitudes towards people around) are presented in the article. The socio-psychological adaptedness of adolescents is considered from positions of the theoretical model of “adjustment” of the developing personality offered by H. Bell. This model assumes allocation of six life spheres.
These are family relation, health, daily social contacts, emotionality, interaction with people around, and attitudes towards to sex and role standards. The style of the interpersonal relation is treated as the steady system of individual and peculiar cognitive schemes, patterns of emotional experience and structures of the potential behavioral reactions directed to other person as the partner in communication and social interaction which is formed on the basis of life experience of interpersonal interaction. The main theoretical constructs of our research were operationalized by means of adult form of the adjustment inventory developed by H. Bell (in A. A. Rukavishnikov and M. V. Sokolova’s adaptation) and the technique of the interpersonal diagnostics (adapted by L. N. Sobchik) created by T. Leary. It is revealed that increase in level of socio-psychological adaptedness of teenagers is caused by activation of the imperious leading, independent dominating and responsible and generous trends within their interpersonal relation in combination with minimization of expressiveness of mistrustful and skeptical altogether with obedient and timid communicative manifestations. The most powerful regulatory effect of the style of interpersonal relation takes place in such spheres of socio-psychological adaptation of teenagers as the daily social contacts and area of emotional life.

Keywords:

personality of the teenager, modern world, socio-psychological adaptedness, style of the interpersonal relation (the attitudes towards people around).

P. 36-51

 

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ANTHROPOLOGICAL APPROACH AS A BASIS FOR INCLUSIVE EDUCATION: COMPARISON OF ANTHROPOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL VIEWS IN THE THEORY OF JOINT EDUCATION

Sheveleva Daria E.

Abstract.

The article reviews theoretical foundations of anthropology and pedagogical anthropology, principles of education and training on the basis of anthropological approach are shown. The correlation of anthropology with theory and practice of inclusive education is analyzed. The author substantiates the role of anthropological knowledge in teaching of disabled children and development of syllabuses in Russian and abroad.

Keywords:

anthropology, pedagogical anthropology, development in childhood, disabled children, inclusive education, syllabuses.

P. 52-62 

 

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METHODOLOGY OF STUDYING THE POTENTIAL OF PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF PERSONALITY OF 8–9 CLASSES STUDENTS

Fedoseeva Tatyana E., Kuimova Natalia N.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the development and theoretical substantiation of the computerized methodology of express diagnostics of the potential of the professional development of the personality of pupils of 8–9 grades, which is part of the first stage of the project “Regional Personnel Designer”. The urgency and necessity of creating an online professional orientation in the framework of a social electronic service is indicated, and some domestic and foreign approaches to the creation of career-oriented computerized complexes are examined. Mental characteristics of the adolescent period, underlying the choice of format and content of the methodology, are characterized.

Keywords:

the potential of professional development of personality, psychodiagnostics of abilities, special abilities, interests.

P. 63-71

 

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CRITICAL THINKING AS A MEANS OF SOCIALIZING OF STUDENTS

Slizkova Elena V., Maltseva Irina V.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the study of the processes of professional socialization of students by means of forming critical thinking within the educational process. According to the results of the research work, a model was designed to develop students’ critical thinking as a means of socialization, including such structural components as: stages of professional socialization, indicators of critical thinking and forms of organization of classes. As forms of conducting classes, we considered interactive forms of work, which in their turn promote interaction, mutual understanding and mutual enrichment, as well as provide highquality assimilation of theoretical material. The study was conducted in three stages: ascertaining, shaping and controlling. The sample of the study consisted of 50 people (experimental group – 25, and the control group – 25). Based on the forms we reviewed, we developed a series of classes that were conducted in an experimental group, based on the development of tolerance in business and interpersonal communication.

Keywords:

thinking, critical thinking, socialization, professional socialization, professional adaptation, professional identification, interactive forms of work.

P. 72-88

 

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INTERRELATION OF A TEACHER’S EMOTIONAL BURNOUT WITH THE ECO-CARING ORIENTATIONS AS A SUBJECT OF ECONOMIC SELF-DETERMINATION

Khashenko Tatiana G., Safukova Nadezda N., Konysheva Maria G.

Abstract.

The published research is part of a broader and multifaceted study of the relationship of the psychological well-being of an individual in the profession with the peculiarities of their economic selfdetermination. The article presents the results of an empirical study of the relationship of emotional burnout of a high school teacher with eco-caring determination of their economic selfdetermination. The eco-caring orientations of the subject of economic self-determination are understood as integral personality-motivational formations that encourage him to take care of the external and internal environment of their own life and to minimize possible negative consequences for it in accordance with the principle of eco-conformity. The empirical base of the study is represented by school teachers (175 people) who teach at different levels of compulsory education (primary school, middle and high school) in urban and rural schools. To diagnose the studied variables we used validated methods: the “Emotional burnout” questionnaire (V. V. Boyko) and the “E-CO” questionnaire (T. G. Khashchenko, N. N. Safukova, S. V. Boltunova). For statistical data processing we used correlation analysis (Spearman method), method of comparing independent variables (U-Mann-Whitney criterion), cluster (K-means) analysis with the use of the software product “Statistica for Windows”. The obtained results confirm the connection of the teacher’s emotional burnout with the triad of his eco-friendly orientations (nature, self- and social caring) in the processes of economic self-determination.

Keywords:

subjective well-being, emotional burnout, economic self-determination, ecocaring orientations.

P. 89-100

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 

 

MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

  

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TRANSITIVE UNIVERSITY – INNOVATIVE ECOSYSTEM DEVELOPMENT DRIVER IN THE REGION

Boguslavsky Mikhail V., Ladyzhets Natalia S., Neborsky Egor V., Sannikova Olga V.                                                                            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-6-101-109

Abstract.

The article is devoted to understanding a transitive university as a driver for the development of an innovative ecosystem in a region. The article analyzes the concept of the “triple helix” and the expanded “five helix”, which is the integration interaction of the university, industry and government, as well as the civil society and media space. The development of innovations is ensured through close interaction of all these actors, and the university is assigned the role of the most active participant, prognostically building the interaction between them for the development of the innovation ecosystem.

Keywords:

transitive university, regional university, higher education, triple helix, innovation ecosystem.

P. 101-109

  

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MONITORING ECONOMIC EDUCATION OF SCHOOLCHILDREN IN RUSSIA:
STATUS, ISSUES AND PERSPECTIVES

Romanova Marina Yu.                                      DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-6-110-117

Abstract.

The article analyzes the main ways of realization of economic education of Russian schoolchildren: within the economic component of the subject “social science”, the subject “Economics” at the basic and profile level, elective courses; analyzes the forms of monitoring of economic education of schoolchildren: the unified state exam in social science, the international study of financial literacy. As the study result, the author identifies some existing problems in the field of monitoring of economic education.

Keywords:

monitoring, economic education of schoolchildren, quality of education, monitoring of quality of education, subjects “Social science” and “Economics”, state exam in social science, financial literacy, international study of financial literacy.

P. 110-117

 

THEORY OF EDUCATION
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ABOUT SCIENCE IN MODERN EDUCATION

Grunina Elena V.

Abstract.

This article deals with the scientific character of Russian education as a reflection of the modern scientific picture of the world, an interdisciplinary approach to the modern technical training, the relation of natural and humanitarian knowledge, studying of foreign culture through the study of a foreign language from the position of semiotics.

Keywords:

modern scientific picture of the world (NBICS model), semiotics, scientific character, priority research directions.

P. 118-122 

 

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

 

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PEDAGOGICAL DESTINY AND ENLIGHTENMENT ACTIVITY OF F. A. KHARTAKHAY

Mikhaylova Dzhuletta V.                                   DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-6-123-132

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the study of the biography, social and professional activities of the educator and teacher Feoktist Khartakhay. Analysis of his life activity is carried out in the context of the social and political life of the Russian empire of the second half of the XIX century. The most productive areas of professional and creative activity of a thinker should be enlightenment, pedagogy, ethnography, journalism, and the organization of secondary schools.

Keywords:

Feoktist Khartakhay, history of pedagogy, history of education, Alexandrovsky classical secondary school, Mariinsky classical secondary school.

P. 123-132

 

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THE ROLE OF N. K. KRUPSKAYA IN THE CREATION OF THE SOVIET EDUCATION SYSTEM: HISTORY AND MODERNITY

Bryantseva Marina V., Wittenbek Viktor K.

Abstract.

In the article, the authors try to consider the image of N. K. Krupskaya, which cannot be interpreted unambiguously and one-sidedly: this is a multifaceted and odious figure whose way of life took place in conditions of social conformation as a counterweight to conformism of passive members of the party and society, a constant struggle regarding the living conditions directly combined and connected with the history of our country. The paradox and dualism was that the revitalization of N. K. Krupskaya as a statesman, one of the founders of the new Soviet pedagogical school, fell on the period of the destruction of the old state machine and the formation of a new socialist society. Proceeding from this, it is impossible to condemn or extol the actions of N. K. Krupskaya, but it is necessary to thoroughly and carefully examine them from one or another statepolitical aspect. The authors tried to trace the prolongation of the pedagogical thoughts, ideas of N. K. Krupskaya into modern pedagogy.

Keywords:

N. K. Krupskaya, pedagogical ideas of N. K. Krupskaya, pedagogical thoughts of N. K. Krupskaya, Soviet pedagogy, application of the ideas of N. K. Krupskaya in modern pedagogy, history, modernity.

P. 133-144

 

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THE FIRST DECADES OF THE SOVIET SCHOOL IN SCIENTIFIC HERITAGE
OF PAVEL NIKOLAEVICH MILYUKOV (1859–1943)

Ovchinnikov Anatoly V.                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-6-145-157

Abstract.

The article shows the main events of public and scientific life of P. N. Milyukov, analyzes his historical concept of the Russian culture development in terms of the historian’s interpretation of the formation and development process of the national educational system in the early years of the Soviet power. It was the education and school, according to the author’s idea, that became the main ideological institutions of the Soviet society of that time. Being in emigration, P. N. Milyukov closely followed the development of culture and education in the USSR, tried to consider numerous events and facts in the context of the national culture history, having revealed their historical conditionality, continuity and discontinuity of the unified domestic education process. Such an approach allowed the author to continue his research of the earlier period and to create an original concept of the national school development. With his conclusions and generalizations, the scientist showed the example of preservation and development of fundamental domestic scientific historical school of the XIX–XX centuries, even with the analysis of the political regime which differed much from traditions of the Russian statehood.

Keywords:

P. N. Milyukov, history of the Soviet school, educational policy, social upbringing, unified labour school, polytechnicism, pedagogical discussions, pedagogical staff.

P. 145-157

 

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THE WORKS OF THE FIRST ENGLISH FEMINISTS DEFENDING WOMEN’S EDUCATION (By Example of Bathsua Makin’s Treatise)

Ushakova Evgeniya V., Kapichnikova Olga B.

Abstract.

The article considers the historical conditions of the emergence of the early modern feminists in England of the seventeenth century and shows the viewpoint of some western researchers on the beginning of feministic activities in Europe, the origins of which they attribute to the middle ages. Among the prerequisites for the development of feminism in Europe they point out the importance of the so-called “intellectual families”, which became the source of the emergence of educated women and from which most talented writers and poets subsequently appeared. It shows Bathsua Makin’s treatise “An Essay to revive the ancient education of gentlewomen in Religion, Manners, Arts and Tongues” as an example of the ideas of the early modern feminists, demonstrating how the problem of women’s education in the seventeenth century was the issue of the day.

Keywords:

women’s education, Renaissance feminism, intellectual family, Early Modern English feminists, historical prerequisites.

P. 158-166

 

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION

 

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MODERN PEDAGOGICAL APPROACH IN ENGINEERING EDUCATION

Uman Arkady I., Borisova Julia N.                   DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-6-167-175

Abstract.

Forming basic professional competences of future engineers in an institution of higher education requires a reconsideration of the content of higher education in the areas of transition towards the result-oriented education. Qualitative characteristics of engineering education today require improvement. Adequacy of the engineering education level to the economic, scientific, technological, social and cultural development of society, in spite of many
efforts, remains in many aspects an unresolved problem. The article discusses ways to solve this problem.

Keywords:

higher education, engineering education, humanization, educational process.

P. 167-175

 

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HISTORY OF RUSSIA THROUGH THE EYES OF STUDENTS OF THE REPUBLIC OF BASHKORTOSTAN

Nadyrshin Timur M.

Abstract.

This work is devoted to the study of Bashkortostan high school students’ perception of history of Russia. The study of this problem can be illustrated through such aspects as the interest of schoolchildren for history of Russia in the hierarchy of interest for other countries, the most significant heroes of Russian history for students depending on the type of activity, the assessment of the activities of the country’s rulers by children, and the hierarchy of interest of high school students’ for various stages of Russian history. The study is based on the results of a survey conducted in 2018–2019 in the Republic of Bashkortostan schools under the RFBR grant “History through the eyes of the subjects of education. Anthropological analysis of the cultural transmission”. The study of each aspect is accompanied by observations that demonstrate the historical memory of students. The general recommendation formulated according to the results of the study can be reduced to a formula that states that the redistribution of emphasis within the content of education can contribute to a creative change in culture according to the current cultural, political, economic, social challenges of Russia.

Keywords:

cultural transmission, anthropology of education, historical memory of schoolchildren, memory wars, history at school.

P. 176-188

   

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REVIEW OF APPROACHES TO TEACHING FOREIGN LANGUAGE VOCABULARY
IN CLASSICAL AND MODERN METHODOLOGICAL LITERATURE

Pirogova Nadezhda G.

Abstact.

The article analyses approach to teaching foreign language vocabulary on the basis of national and international methodological literature. The relevance of the topic of the presented article is determined by the fact that, in spite of the present variety of classical and modern approaches, there is no ideal method forming the students’ vocabulary. The author covers the range of traditional and alternative approaches to the development of word storage and suggests using the combined cognitive approach as the most efficient for teaching foreign languages.

Keywords: 

teaching, foreign language, student, vocabulary, approach, lexical unit.

P. 189-200

  

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FROM THEORY TO PRACTICE: HOW TO INCREASE THE PRACTICAL VALUE
OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE TRAINING OF POLICE CADETS

Malyugina Anna V.

Abstact.

Unfortunately, the knowledge of a foreign language, despite the increased demand for English in the modern world, seems irrelevant for most Russian law enforcement officers and police cadets. The reasons for the low motivation to learn a foreign language, and English in particular, are the modern political confrontation with the West; limited travel of police officers abroad; small percentage of offences committed with the participation of foreign citizens; small number of foreign English-speaking tourists (in comparison with Europe), etc. All these factors clearly show that an ordinary policeman from provincial cities may need English for general development at best. The situation is aggravated by the fact that most of the teaching materials used at law faculties in higher education institutions of the Ministry of internal Affairs cover general traditional areas of law and have a low practical value for police officers. The article analyzes the options for improving the practical component of foreign language training of cadets at police academies of higher education of the Ministry of internal Affairs. The article considers the mechanisms of formation and subsequent assessment of foreign language competence of law enforcement officers. Taking into account the fact that police cadets are future employees, the author proposes to use the criteria of personnel assessment in the evaluation of their foreign language competence, paying a particular attention to professional skills. The development of practical professional tasks requiring knowledge of a foreign language with regard to certain posts is considered to be the primary goal in teaching English aimed at increasing the practical value of foreign language education of police cadets.

Keywords: 

cadet, police, foreign language, foreign language competence, practical value, professional foreign language skills, practical task, position.

P. 201-210 

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION
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DISCUSSION AND DEBATE AS A METHOD OF PROFESSIONAL TRAINING
ОF STUDENTS OF A PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITY

Barkova Natalia N., Karpenko Alla V.              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-6-211-219

Abstract.

The article reveals the advantages and problems of using the methods of discussion and debate in teaching students of the pedagogical University on the example of prepared and conducted intellectual meetings between the students of Faculty of Geography and Faculty of Biology and Chemistry of Moscow Pedagogical State University; it also illustrates the emerging competencies and opportunities to the implementation of interdisciplinary connections and emphasizes the idea of personal self-realization of students.

Keywords:

education, students, Pedagogy, personality, teaching methods, debate, discussion, teacher, self-realization, competence, terminology, criteria.

P. 211-219

 

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INTERDISCIPLINARY TASKS AS A MEANS OF DEVELOPING PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE OF STUDENTS OF TECHNICAL TRAINING

Vasileva Lidya N., Volodina Evgenia V., Ilina Irina I.

Abstract.

The changing demands of the labor market form new challenges in the field of training students in technical areas and specialties. The article describes the basic principles of the organization of the process of teaching students of technical areas on the basis of interdisciplinary tasks. The analysis of psychological and pedagogical literature on the implementation of interdisciplinary communication is given, the essence of the concept of “interdisciplinary tasks” is revealed. The analysis of the federal educational standard of higher education in the direction of preparation “Management in technical systems” (Bachelor level) is presented, the competencies are selected, the formation of which is determined by a set of disciplines of information-mathematical and professional cycles. An algorithm for studying the solution of an interdisciplinary problem is constructed. An example of an interdisciplinary task performed with the use of the specialized software Mathcad and Electronics Workbench. The levels of formation of professional competencies are described in detail. The results of the study are presented in the form of diagrams.

Keywords: 

professional competence, expertise, interdisciplinary communication, interdisciplinary tasks, Mathcad, Electronics Workbench.

P. 220-231

 

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KNOWLEDGE INTEGRATION MAPS IN THE CONTEXT OF THE ISSUE OF AUTOMATED PEDAGOGICAL INFORMATION PROCESSING

Boyarinov Dmitry A.

Abstract.

The article deals with the concept of “knowledge integration maps” as a tool for building a student’s knowledge model. Such a tool creates the prerequisites for tracking the dynamics of forming students’ knowledge, predicting the course of the learning process. This, in its turn, serves as the basis for automating certain elements of the learning process management. The article also discusses the notion of “concept map” and identifies its shortcomings in relation to the problem under consideration. The psychological basis for the introduction of the concept of
“knowledge integration map” is analyzed in the article. The relationship between the cognitive activity and categorization is noted in the article. The structure of worksheets of knowledge integration maps and stages of work with knowledge integration maps are  given. The didactic possibilities of knowledge integration maps are considered in the article. The possibilities of quantitative analysis of information contained in knowledge integration maps are described. The concept of “multidimensional knowledge integration map” is introduced in the article.

Keywords: 

knowledge integration map, concept map, categorization, multidimensional knowledge integration map.

P. 232-239

 

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THE USE OF THE ELECTRONIC TEXTBOOK ON THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE DURING THE INDEPENDENT STUDY OF CADETS OF HIGHER MILITARY EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

Asilova Gulshan A., Dilshodbekov Timur D.

Abstract.

The organization of independent work in military institutions of higher education requires modern methodological support which contributes to the self-control of the material learned. In order to ensure independent work on the study of the Russian language, it is important that students are provided with modern electronic resources developed with the concern of the peculiarities of their mother tongue and aimed not only at mastering theoretical material, but also developing linguistic competencies. The authors propose an electronic textbook on the Russian language, contributing to the implementation of these tasks.

Keywords:

Russian language, a military institution of higher education, a cadet, electronic textbook, software, independent work, tests.

P. 240-247

 

YOUNG SCIENTISTS’ VISION

 

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MOTIVATION IN A MONTESSORI SCHOOL AS AN IMPORTANT COMPONENT OF INDEPENDENCE

Prokofyeva Elena N.                                         DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-6-248-256

Abstract. 

The article is devoted to the motivation in the Montessori Elementary School. This topic was previously discussed by A. Murray, F. Koh, S. Kendall and others. There have not been any related studies in Russia yet. The USA researchers consider motivation in Montessori Elementary through the lens of self-determination theory. A part of selfdetermination theory is called the Organismic integration theory. The Montessori Elementary School allows children not only to develop their intrinsic motivation but also self-motivate to study less favorite subjects. Maria Montessori’s approach to the Elementary school is called Cosmic Education. Cosmic Education is a holistic development of a child. The child is free to follow his/her interests, the teacher always shows the relation between subjects and helps the child to find his/her cosmic task. This article considers the stages of the Organismic integration theory and their relation to the Montessori Elementary procedure. The last stage of the Orgainsmic integration theory is integrated regulation which means that a person is able to enjoy doing something that initially didn’t evoke their intrinsic motivation. Integrated regulation occurs when people realize the value of the particular actions for themselves and for others. The theoretical analysis leads to the following conclusion: Cosmic Education not only develops intrinsic motivation but also assists development of the integrated regulation. This article is theoretical and proposes a hypothesis to be tested.

Keywords:

independence, Montessori, elementary school, self-determination, motivation, autonomy, competence, integrated regulation, Organismic integration theory, Cosmic education.

P. 248-256

  

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METHODOLOGICAL GROUNDS FOR THE PROCESS OF FORMING READINESS FOR SELF-EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY OF MILITARY CONTRACT SERVICEMEN DURING MILITARY SERVICE

Trukhin Aleksandr V.

Abstract. 

The article deals with the issue of forming readiness for self-educational activities of contract servicemen during military service. The theoretical and methodological foundations for the process of shaping readiness for selfeducation of servicemen are revealed, which determine the set of methodological approaches. The general scientific level of the methodology is a systematic approach that allows one to perform a comprehensive study of the issue under study from the point of view of system properties. As a theoretical and methodological strategy, we have identified the personality-activity and technological approaches; the competence-based and axiological approaches have been assigned the role of a practiceoriented strategy. The article notes the role of methodological approaches in the disclosure of the issue under study, establishes their unification, interrelation and complementarity.

Keywords:

self-education activities, readiness for self-education, the military-pedagogical process, methodological approaches, theoretical and methodological grounds.

P. 257-265

  

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NEW METHODS AND TECHNIQUES IN TEACHING IN THE UNIVERSITY: THE INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE REVIEW

Baimakhanov Akilbek B.

Abstract. 

The given article studies the advantages and disadvantages of new learning methods and techniques being practiced in a Higher Education Institution. It also reviews the effectiveness of these methods while using internationally, e.g. in Universities of Cambridge and Harvard. The national system of higher education reform reveals great interest in University professors towards active and interactive learning methods and techniques. These training techniques help to develop professional competence, since within the transition to educational standards of new generation, the personal development, competitiveness and professional mobility become acute. Along with traditional methods of learning at the stage of reorganization of higher education system, active and interactive learning technologies, such as the model of “inverted learning”, case study method, or project training (PBL), become particularly urgent.

Keywords:

university, techniques and teaching methods, international experience, implementation, the model of “inverted learning”, case study method, project training (PBL).

P. 266-277

 

Saturday, 23 November 2019 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2019 №5

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 5-2019

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00 

 

ONTOLOGY AND EPISTEMOLOGY

 

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VIRTUAL REALITY: UNDERSTANDING THE PERSPECTIVE

Rodicheva Irina S., Sukhanova Natalia P.

Abstract. 

The concept of “virtual reality” is undergoing a philosophical review, th categorical ambiguity of which brings forth significant difficulties of its use. The existence of cyberspace implies a virtual world filled with a bunch of documents in the information systems. The article focuses on the nonidentity problem of virtual reality and the Internet, as well as the influence of virtual reality on real life, human activity and values, thoughts and culture. In the modern world, human beings form emotional attachments to virtual objects and one of the dubious endeavours of technogenic civilization is the fact that live communication is often neglected nowadays. The advantages and disadvantages of virtualization in the education system presented by distance learning are also reviewed. In addition to verbalized traditions, there is non-verbalized, personal knowledge, transmitted directly from teacher to student and that is lost in the system of distance education. As the significant consequence of technological development, the concept of transhumanism that promotes the manipulation of human nature and his/her modernization, is being analyzed. It is concluded that the development of technology, virtualization of reality raises the issue of the nature of this phenomenon and the ways of its existence.

Keywords:

science, education, virtual reality, information, technology, cyberspace, transhumanism.

P. 9-17

      

SOCIAL PHILOSOPHY
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VALUE SYSTEM OF REPRESENTATIVES OF GENERATION Y IN THE CONTEXT OF THE THEORY OF GENERATIONS. RUSSIAN SPECIFIC 

Gorokhov Sergey A., Zaplitnyy Ivan D.              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-5-18-25

Abstract.

This article discusses the basic values and worldview of the “Millennials” generation or “generation Y”. The authors put forward a thesis about the greater propensity of this generation to selfishness and a greater degree of adaptability to changing sociocultural conditions, as well as a sense of selfsufficiency than previous generations. As the
empirical substantiation of the assumptions, the sociological research the sample results of which are published in this article is used. The authors pay special attention to the theory of generations created by V. Strauss and N. Hove. The authors come to the conclusion about hyperbolization and lack of scientific substantiation of the put forward theses in ascertaining a certain degree of increase in the share of selfishness and adaptability of this generation, as well as an increasing role of representatives of generation Y in the political, socio-cultural and economic spheres.

Keywords:

axiology, generations, generation theory, civilizational processes, interdisciplinarity, polysemanticism, value systems, “Millennials”, social reality.

P. 18-25

  

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00

 

GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY, PERSONALITY PSYCHOLOGY, HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY
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THE VARIETY OF DEFINITIONS TO THE CONCEPT OF “THINKING”: CLARIFICATION OR LOSS OF THE ORIGINAL VALUE?  

Trifonova Ekaterina V., Fedorova Elena P.          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-5-26-39

Abstract.

The article posed the question of expanding the thesaurus of the psychological science on the example of the concept of “thinking”. The authors draw attention to the current trend: the emergence of new definitions of thinking in scientific publications, which consider specific “types” of thinking: “critical”, “standard”, “non-standard”, “imaginative thinking”, “creative”, “sanogenic”, etc. It is analyzed how frequent the concept of «thinking» is used in the research; in particular, it is indicated that about 240 different definitions used to the concept of “thinking” are recorded. We draw attention to the tendency of losing the original (initial) meaning of the term “thinking”, the loss of understanding of the essential psychological characteristics of thinking as a process of solving a problem. We also note that the emergence of new terms, “types of thinking”, which are introduced by the authors of the research for a specific problem to be solved, brings about the “erosion” of the concept of “thinking” in its original meaning.

Keywords:

thinking, non-standard thinking, standard thinking, divergent thinking, convergent thinking, imaginative thinking thinking, creative thinking, critical thinking, sanogenic thinking, categories of psychology.

P. 26-39

 

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
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FORMING THE REPRESENTATION OF ONESELF AND OF AN ORTHODOX THEOLOGIST`S IDEAL IMAGE AS A BASIS FOR THE PROFESSIONAL FORMING A FUTURE SPECIALIST 

Feldman Inessa L., Romanov Alexander A.         DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-5-40-47

Abstract.

This article reveals the theoretical basis of the self-concept and the Self-identity image study in psychology and emphasizes that the tendency to analyze oneself, the need to generalize and systematize knowledge about oneself, to relate one’s self-image to an ideal one as well as self-education, self-esteem are the most important characteristics for the formation of a future specialist. The article analyzes the works of foreign and domestic psychologists, such as R. Burns, W. James, V. S. Agapov, who give us various approaches to the problem of the self-concept and its structural components. The authors investigate the ideas about ‘self’ and the ideal image of an Orthodox theologian among the students majoring in the Orthodox theology. It is noted that there is very little research on the personal characteristics of the students majoring in theology, and studying the idea of oneself and the ideal image of a future theologian is not only of a theoretical interest, but it is also connected with the increasing efficiency of solving the problems with specialists` formation. The paper presents the results of an empirical study concerning the students majoring in theology from junior to senior years basing on the methods of diagnosing interpersonal relations by T. Leary. The results show us that the efficiency of the professional training and the professional development of a future theologian depends on the meaning and importance of the profession for the given person, and how the future specialist relates themselves to it. The comparative analysis of an one`s self image and an ideal image formation among the students majoring in theology generally indicate the development of subjectivity, a critical attitude toward oneself, and a desire to improve oneself.

Keywords:

Self-identity image, Self-concept, real self, ideal self, self relation, students majoring in theology, theological training, personal professionalism.

P. 40-47

 

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PSYCHOLOGICAL MEANS OF CORRECTING AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR IN ADOLESCENTS BROUGHT UP IN PROBLEM FAMILIES

Bochantseva Lyudmila I.,  Gorodilova Maria A.  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-5-48-62

Abstract.

The article is devoted to a study on the influence of psychological means of correction (individual and group) to reduce the level of aggressive behavior among adolescents who are brought up in problem families. The article reveals the concept of aggression, aggressiveness and aggressive behavior in domestic and foreign psychology, discloses the concept of a problem family and its influence on the manifestations of aggressive behavior in adolescents, describes the psychological means of correction to reduce the level of aggressive behavior in adolescents from problem families. The experimental study revealed and proved the influence of individual (consultation/conversation) and group (training) psychological means of correction to reduce the level of aggressive behavior among adolescents who are brought up in problem families.

Keywords:

aggression, aggressiveness, aggressive behavior, psychological means of correction, problem family, teenagers.

P. 48-62

 

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DEVELOPING COMMUNICATIVE COMPONENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL-PEDAGOGICAL COMPETENCE OF POTENTIAL SUBSTITUTE PARENTS

Kondratyeva Natalia P., Inyavina Elena V.  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-5-63-72

Abstract.

This article discusses the features of the communicative component of the psychological and pedagogical competence of potential substitute parents, as well as the development of this component in the process of training sessions. It is proved that the training program, which includes exercises aimed at the development of flexibility, empathy, ability to establish contacts and competently to build relationships, promotes the development of the communicative component of psychological and pedagogical competence of potential substitute parents.

Keywords:

orphaned children, psychological and pedagogical competence, communicative component of the psychological and pedagogical competence, training, potential substitute parents, school for foster parents.

P. 63-72

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 

 

MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

  

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CREATING INNOVATIVE THINKING OF STUDENTS DURING THE TRANSITION
TO SIXTH TECHNOLOGICAL PARADIGM

Myasoedova Tatiana G., Boyko Alexander E.

Abstract.

The article shows that it is necessary to form innovative thinking during the transition of Russia to the sixth economic paradigm. The features of STEM and STEAM education concepts – which every educational institution conforms to in their education activity – are considered. The positive experience of some Russian educational organizations on enhancing and encouraging students to use creative approach in solving the tasks set has been given. General recommendations for the revitalization of creative thinking of students have been created being based on the theory of generations and the theory of emotional intelligence.

Keywords:

education, innovative thinking, creative approach, the theory of generations, the theory of emotional intelligence.

P. 73-83

  

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CONTINUITY OF UNIVERSITY EDUCATION AS A RESOURCE OF REGIONAL UNIVERSITY TRANSITIVITY

Boguslavsky Mikhal V., Ladyzhets Natalia S., Neborsky Egor V., Sannikova Olga V.

                                                                        DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-5-84-95

Abstract.

The article is devoted to revealing the resources of transitive changes of a regional university as a “node” of inter-territorial and inter-level educational movements. The factors of continuity of transition between the Bachelor’s and Master’s education levels as a resource for educational transit of students are discussed. This student transit resource should be used for transitive changes in a regional university in response to global trends in the demand for “lifelong education” and the need to reduce the intensity of interregional educational migration. The article defines the functions of lifelong education as a resource for the transitivity of a regional university, proposes management and organizational measures for maintaining and improving the educational programs of master’s programs at regional universities, and substantiates their socio-economic efficiency.

Keywords:

transitive university, regional university, higher education, continuing education, educational transit resources, educational space.

P. 84-95

 

THEORY OF EDUCATION
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THE ESSENCE OF THE CONCEPT OF “PATRIOTIC ACTIVITY”: THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS

Vyrschikov Anatoliy N.

Abstract.

The article interprets the concept of patriotic activity on the basis of the systemactivity approach. Particular attention is paid to identifying features of the semantic cultural space of patriotism. The functions of patriotism, the direction of its impact on society were clarified, which made it possible to highlight the public interest that can motivate patriotic activity. The article highlights the specificity of patriotic activity.

Keywords:

patriotism, patriotic activity, epistemological space of patriotism, functions of patriotism, historical continuity.

P. 96-101

 

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PEDAGOGICAL ERGONOMICS IN THE SYSTEM OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE

Ulyanova Irina V.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the issue of the integration of pedagogy and ergonomics, which is determined by the specifics of the educational space of the 21st century and, as a result, orients scientific humanitarian knowledge towards forming a new pedagogical direction – pedagogical ergonomics, actualization of the ergonomic approach in the context of general pedagogy. It is suggested that this particular resource has a significant potential for optimizing
the labor activity of specialists in the field of education. The article substantiates the theoretical and methodological aspects of the correlation of pedagogy and ergonomics in the system of training and education of the younger generation, presents the essential characteristic of pedagogical ergonomics.

Keywords:

ergonomics, pedagogy, pedagogical ergonomics, ergonomic approach, education and training system, efficiency, safety, comfort.

P. 102-107

 

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ERGONOMICS AS A SOCIO-PEDAGOGICAL PECULIARITY OF LABOR ACTIVITY
OF A MODERN TEACHER

Naumchik Viktor N.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the study of the concept of “ergonomics” in the education system. An attempt is made to present the essential characteristic of ergonomics from the position of socio-pedagogical features of the teacher’s labor activity. The socio-pedagogical features of the work of a modern teacher are substantiated from the perspective of the physiological, hygienic, anthropometric and psychological opportunities of the teacher’s work. The characteristics of the system “teacher – student” are revealed when working with a technical training tool in a learning environment. It is shown that the formation of an ergonomic learning environment should be carried out comprehensively and systematically. The necessity of training modern teachers in the development of ergonomic competencies and the ability to create a comfortable and safe educational environment is proved. The socio-pedagogical features of the work of a modern teacher are identified: economic, psychophysiological, pedagogical, social, ergonomic.

Keywords:

ergonomics, Pedagogy, teacher, labor activity, social and pedagogical features, system, learning environment, comfort, safety.

P. 108-113

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FORMING A PROFESSIONAL WORLD VIEW

Zakieva Rafina R.

Abstract.

Modernization of professional education happens under the defining impact of institutional and structural changes of the labor market. Market transformations have changed not only the labor demand, but they have also claimed new qualities of the human capital. In the Concept of a long-term social and economic development of the Russian Federation up to 2020 (No. 1662-r, November 17, 2008) it is noted that in the rapidly changing world those states which will be able effectively to use the innovative potential of development will have strategic advantages. Today Russia faces with the more rigid and exactingly choice of a new education system and fundamental science starting with the secondary school and finishing with the higher education, postgraduate and post-doctoral studies. The dynamism of modern social transformations has affected all main spheres of the life of society. The education  turns into an important factor of forming the personality’s worldview during the period of change and the establishment of new values. The article covers the methodologic-axiological bases of solving the problem of pedagogical provision of forming the professional mindset in process of training as well as the influence of higher education on formation of the world outlook principles of the students’ identity. Orienting potential and resources of the higher vocational school to forming a future expert as a personality capable of self-determination, self-education, and self-actualization, who possesses common cultural and professional competences, has become the leading strategy of modernization of the professional education. The author analyzes the internal logic of evolution of the valuable world; understanding of nature of existence and development of values causes substantial and technological filling of the axiologically-oriented continuous education of a professional. It obliges the system of professional education to solve qualitatively new problems and mediates a new view on process of forming a professional outlook.

Keywords:

quality of education, professional worldview, higher education, training, education.

P. 114-120 

 

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

 

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HISTORICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL POTENTIAL OF DOMESTIC TEXTBOOKS
OF THE XVI–XVII CENTURIES

Vdovyh Dmitrij A.                                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-5-121-128

Abstract.

This article deals with the issue of studying the historical and pedagogical potential of the domestic textbooks of the 16th – 17th centuries. It is revealed that in the 16th century the domestic system of educational typography was created, the first textbooks created by Russian printers were published. The leading types and genres of educational literature of the Moscow Russia are identified and their role in the process of teaching children is described. It is established that the 17th century became an important milestone in the textbooks and literacy provision, and the general development of public education.

Keywords:

historical and pedagogical potential, history of pedagogy, history of education, textbooks of the 16th – 17th centuries.

P. 121-128

 

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PHILOSOPHICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL IDEAS OF K. P. POBEDONOSTSEV
IN THE CONTEXT OF SOLVING MODERN PROBLEMS OF RUSSIAN EDUCATION

Svetlova Nastasya E.

Abstract.

The article outlines the main philosophical and pedagogical ideas of K. P. Pobedonostsev’s regarding the organization of upbringing and school education in Russia. As a result of research, based on the use of the monographic method, in which the legacy of K. P. Pobedonostsev was considered as the main, relatively independent object of research, methods of synchronous and diachronic analysis, involving the study of the ideas of K. P. Pobedonostsev’s and the views of other authors of the late XIX–XX centuries in their intersection, as well as methods of analysis, synthesis and systematization, the author of
the article was able to expose and identify a number of positions in the scientist’s views on solving problems of upbringing and education, which constitute a certain conceptually built  pedagogical doctrine: the need for a creed component in education; family as a source of historical experience and values for children; school as an institution for preparing a person for practical, real life; priority of upbringing over education; national character of education; discipline and order in the organization of schooling; the crucial role of the teacher, the need for the teacher’s sincere individual contact with the student.

Keywords:

K. P. Pobedonostsev, upbringing, modernization of education, problems of education, moral, conservatism.

P. 129-143

 

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DEVELOPMENT OF SYSTEM OF EDUCATION IN SOVIET VOCATIONAL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS IN 1950s – 1990s

Skobeleva Tatiana M.                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-5-144-152

Abstract.

The purpose of this historical and pedagogical research is to consider the problem of periodization of the development of the system of educating students in Soviet vocational schools in the 1950s – 1990s. Particular attention is paid to the definition of the chronological framework of the stages of development of the Soviet system of education in vocational education. On the basis of the conducted research the structure of periodization and the key events influencing qualitative changes in the content of the Soviet system of education of future workers are defined.

Keywords:

stages of development of technical vocational education, training of skilled workers, the system of Soviet education of students.

P. 144-152 

 

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION

 

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A STUDY OF POSTGRADUATE STUDENTS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS FUTURE TEACHING ACTIVITIES

Balakireva Elfrida V.

Abstract.

The article deals with the issues of preparing post-graduate students for teaching activities at the Herzen University on the example of pedagogical disciplines study. The author focuses on a wide range of postgraduate issues related to the prospects to build personal, social and professional plans. There is an ambiguous position among postgraduate students about the appropriateness of pedagogical training, especially among those who are engaged in research into nonpedagogical problems (cultural studies, political science, economics, sociology, etc.). Such students have low motivation and willingness to master future teaching activities. The main issues associated with the description of the personal, educational and professional experience of post-graduate students, their difficulties, anxieties and expectations from post-graduate training have been identified and disclosed. The specificity of the organization of teaching pedagogical disciplines at the Herzen University focused on increasing motivation for future teaching activities is revealed.

Keywords:

post-graduate students, postgraduate studies, educational and professional needs of post-graduate students, pedagogical training, teacher-researcher.

P. 153-160

 

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DISCUSSION CLUB OF THE INSTITUTE OF PEDAGOGY AS A VENUE FOR DEVELOPING COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE OF STUDENTS

Gladkaya Irina V., Smirnova Nataliya V.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the study of the development of communicative competence of students in the process of learning in a higher education institution. Particular emphasis is placed on the analysis of a special communication area organized for students at the Institute of Pedagogy – a discussion club. The authors propose to follow the dynamics of the topics that were offered to the participants of the discussion, to identify general trends aimed at developing the students’ communication, to get acquainted with the stages of the discussion club realization. The article pays attention to the criteria for assessing the development of communicative competence which were proposed to the experts in the process of work of the discussion club participants.

Keywords:

professional development, communicative competence, Bachelor’s students, Master’s students, discussion, discussion club, evaluation criteria, experts.

P. 161-170 

   

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IMPROVING MOTIVATION FOR CLASSES OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION

Pitkin Victor A., Ivanova Diana D., Kholodnaya Larisa A.

Abstact.

In the 21st century, the issue of strengthening and preserving health, shaping the value of a healthy lifestyle, and motivating to physical education and sport has become acute in many countries around the world.  Unfortunately, statistics show that the majority of students have a positively passive attitude to sports, and about 20% have a negative attitude towards physical exercise. This article discusses the features of forming motivation for learning and independent physical education through various types of organizational activities to increase the incentive factor. The types of motivation are studied, the motives that encourage to practice sports are revealed. A survey among students is held and recommendations on this issue are given.

Keywords: 

physical education, healthy lifestyle, motivation, upbringing in physical education, student.

P. 171-177 

  

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION
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METHODOLOGICAL SYSTEM FOR DEVELOPING THE INFORMATION COMPETENCE OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN THE CONTEXT OF CURRENT TRENDS IN THE EMERGENCE OF A DIGITAL SOCIETY

Tabachuk Natalia P.

Abstract.

The article discusses the current trends in the development of the digital society, reflected in the national and federal projects of our time in the field of education and science in Russia. It is emphasized that it is with a focus on the implementation of these projects it is necessary to build and implement methodological systems. The methodical system is designated as an object of research and its characteristic features are highlighted. A methodological system for developing the information competence of university students in the context of current trends in the emergence of a digital society, based on anthropological and phenomenological approaches to education, is described. The project methodological system includes a description of the objectives, learning content, methods, tools and organizational forms of education, the introduction of which into the educational process contributes to the development of information competence of university students.

Keywords:

digital society, methodical system, information competence of university students, cognitive, motivational and activity components of students’ information competence.

P. 178-190

 

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PROJECT ACTIVITIES IN TEACHING RUSSIAN CASES IN GRAMMAR LESSONS

Zlobina Svetlana A.

Abstract.

The article considers the main issues of forming a foreign language communicative competence in students of the initial stage of the Russian language proficiency in the framework of linguistic, educational and cognitive activity in class. The main ways of representing the case material while forming grammatical skills of the use of cases in order to intensify the educational material presented by the students as well as to improve their language and communicative competence are analyzed. On the basis of the study, the author substantiates the opinion about the need to use the project method of teaching in the lessons of case grammar of the Russian language.

Keywords: 

project activity, case system, educational process, motivation, stimulation, independence, foreign students.

P. 191-200

 

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THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE TECHNICAL STUDENT’ S PROFESSIONAL MOBILITY FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF COMMON COMPETENCIES

Ahmetshina Guzel F., Amirova Ludmila A.

Abstract.

The article describes the concept of professional mobility as a meta-quality, being one of highest level indicators of a student’s general and professional competencies, and also the article defines its components for technicians. Check and assessment activities are used to appraise the professional mobility of components development; these activities represent a holistic methodological system of checking activities. Check and assessment activities are considered as a purposeful teachers and students’ joint activity which aims not only at identifying the results of the educational process, but also at the forming general, professional competencies, the student’s personal qualities – those of a future specialist’s.

Keywords: 

professional mobility, general competencies, professional competencies, personal qualities of the student, test and evaluation activities.

P. 201-208

 

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ON THE CONTINUOUS PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF STUDENTS IN STUPINO BRANCH OF MAI

Egorova Yulia B., Uvarov Victor N., Starchikova Irina Yu., Belova Svetlana B.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the issue of integrating the «school – university – enterprise» components using the example of Stupino branch of MAI. The achievements, problems and ways of solving them are considered on the basis of interaction of education and production. The situation with the employment of MAI graduates during the period of the last five years has been analyzed taking into account the graduation of both, bachelors and specialists. Stupino branch of MAI implements a system of multilevel continuous professional education from school to postgraduate education, which has been functioning for more than 25 years, changing with the regard of the needs of the labor market in the region; the concept of the professional orientation work is developed; the students’ club of Stupino university district “MAFiN” is created which can be considered as an innovative model of the organization of students’ life. The continuity of generations was considered in the scientific environment of the university. Professor B. A. Kolachev’s scientific school received its further development in the annual scientific-practical conference “Kolachev readings”, having gathered in its ranks not only MAI students, but also schoolchildren, young scientists and experts of industrial enterprises. Stupino branch of Moscow Aviation Institute confirmed the success of its active scientific and educational activities with the twice annual prize of the Governor of Moscow Region “Our Moscow Region” in 2016 for the “EcoStupino” project and in 2018 for the “Link of Times – Kolachev Readings” project.

Keywords:

school – university – enterprise, Aviation University, integration, student youth, employment.

P. 209-221

 

YOUNG SCIENTISTS’ VISION

 

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THE CONTENT OF EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS OF VIETNAMESE UNIVERSITIES
IN THE MID-TWENTIETH CENTURY

Vo Thi Huyen (Vietnam)

Abstract. 

The article covers two models of the University education in Vietnam in the mid-twentieth century: Soviet and American. It features the peculiarities of the educational policy, principles of acquisition of educational programs, content of the curricula, ways of organizing training in universities.

Keywords:

University education, educational policy, content of education, educational activity, curriculum.

P. 222-229

  

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PEDAGOGICAL ASPECTS OF DEVELOPING STUDENTS’ INTEREST IN THE ART CULTURE

Akhmedova Nazira M.

Abstract. 

The article discusses the psychoage characteristics, value-oriented activities of students, individual and typological characteristics of students. The need for the use of analytical and synthetic abilities of students’ when developing the students’ interest in the art culture is revealed.

Keywords:

youth, professional excellence, young generation, national idea, spiritual world, spiritual qualities, upbringing, national identity, interest, art culture, sensitive period, psychoage characteristics, value-oriented activities, psychological characteristics.

P. 230-234

  

Monday, 07 October 2019 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2019 №4

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 4-2019

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00 

 

PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION

 

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ONLINE AND OFFLINE EDUCATION: METHODOLOGY AND DECISION MAKING
Round table materials

V. V. Mironov, etc.

Abstract. 

The article presents the results of the round table “Online and offline education: methodology and decision-making”. The round table discussed various aspects of the relationship between online and offline education. The round table was attended by the faculty and students of the Faculty of Philosophy of Lomonosov Moscow State University, colleagues from the Institute for Strategy of Education Development of the Russian Academy of Education, as well as representatives of Novosibirsk, Astrakhan, Kaliningrad, and Ulyanovsk universities. The round table not only addressed the issues of online and offline education in accordance with its name, but its own work was also organized both online and offline. The participants of the round table were unanimous in their understanding of the current situation in the education, within which not the replacement of offline education with online education is important, but a reasonable balance between the traditional speech dialogue and the possibilities of modern digital technologies. Specific examples of the existing interaction between these two forms of education were analyzed. It was shown that at the stage of familiarization of the respective subject areas’ languages, for example, in the case of the philosophical language, the direct dialogue with the lecturer cannot be replaced by watching the online courses. Online feedback is mechanistic and suffers from the lack of empathy. Participants of the round table addressed also research experience of the foreign economists, psychologists, and philosophers who concluded that there are no reliable studies that would show that switching to online education does indeed reduce costs, crucially increases intellectual ability or knowledge and students’ competencies. Roundtable participants supported the idea of online education as a set of additional learning tools for the traditional educational system. At the same time, the discussion represented below is also of crucial importance, because it can be considered as an example of the philosophy and philosophers’ implementation in their most important modern function – the humanitarian expertise of new social projects and technologies. 

Keywords:

online education, offline education, modern education, classical education, communication, educational process, methodology, decision making.

P. 9-49

 

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00

     

SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
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SOCIAL NETWORKS: BASIC CONCEPTS, CHARACTERISTICS AND MODERN RESEARCH

Levin Leonid M.

Abstract.

During the recent years, social networks have rapidly and firmly entered the lives of most modern people. Involvement and immersion in the virtual space affect many aspects of human life: their physical and mental health, relationships with other people, self-perception, self-attitude, self-esteem and many others. Of course, these changes could not get unnoticed by many national and foreign scientists, who consider the phenomenon of social networks and the Internet very popular for study. In this article, the author provides an overview of studies of social networks, the Internet and their users.

Keywords:

social networks, Internet, accounts, Internet addiction. 

P. 50-57

  

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
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EDUCATION THROUGH RECOLLECTION: DIALOGUE BETWEEN GENERATIONS

Adamyan Elena I.

Abstract.

The article shows how specially organized activity promotes solving pedagogic and educational tasks on the basis of the material of the autobiographical interviews held by first-year students of the Institute of childhood of Moscow Pedagogical State University (MPGU) to the elderly people while accomplishing the through “Memories of childhood” educational task which is part of the bridging program – “Immersion into Pedagogy”. The autobiographical interview with seniors is viewed as a tool of intergenerational knowledge transfer as well as an effective education method. The feedback analysis is based upon the autobiographical interviews and the students’ reflective reports.

Keywords:

autobiographical interviews, recollection, integration into professional training, upbringing, intergenerational knowledge transfer. 

P. 58-71

 

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PREVENTING THE VIOLENT CHILDREN UPBRINGING WITHIN THE FAMILY

Arnautova Elena P., Vorobeyva Irina N., Kondratyeva Nina L., Rychagova Elena S.

Abstract.

The article depicts the issues of violent upbringing of children within the modern family. Emphasis is put on the typology of diverse forms of violence along with the ground for different types of its manifestation, namely the psychological pressure experienced by a child from an adult who interferes with the child’s self-esteem. The paper also provides the analysis of the findings of the survey conducted among the preschool teachers and parents that examined the given issue. The verbal aggression regarding the communication with children is characterized as the widespread form of violent upbringing practice inside the family. Important aspects of the activity of the supervisor and the teaching staff in terms of warning and prevention of violent methods of children upbringing within the family are highlighted inthe work. Experimentally tested facilities of  psychologically-pedagogical parental supportregarding the awareness of violent children  upbringing are suggested along with the humane methods of communication. A special emphasis is made therewith on the development of valuable skills of open communication, on mastering the methods of flexible communication in highly emotional situations etc. The article underlines the worth of the art-therapy techniques and artmethods which are not supposed to be identical,
and are applied to harmonize the mental aspect and to release from destructive emotions. Besides, the work accentuates the use of notices counselling how to solve family conflicts with stepby-step instructions for adults. 

Keywords:

domestic abuse forms, prevention of violent upbringing, adults’ verbal aggression, preventive model of violence prophylaxis, children rights within the family, skills of open communication, art-methods, methods of arttherapy. 

P. 72-83

 

GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY, PERSONALITY PSYCHOLOGY, HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY

  

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TEMPORAL MARKERS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL SAFETY OF THE ELDERLY PEOPLE

Tylets Valery G., Krasnyanskaya Tatyana M., Iokhvidov Vladimir V.

Abstract.

The practice of improving the general well-being of elderly people is associated with the deepening of understanding of such age phenomena as a sense of youth and a sense of old in their connection with the psychological security of an individual. The authors suggested that the sense of youth and sense of old are  temporal phenomena that determine the poles of psychological security of an individual in the late phases of human life. The search study was performed on the basis of three samples of subjects within the age range of 40–43 years, 55–58 years and 70–73 years. Thefour-component structure of the considered phenomena including «inner Self», «external Self», «motivators I» and «time I» is revealed. It is found that the connection with the psychological security of the sense of youth is provided by the inner freedom, mental stability, optimism, positivity, spiritual harmony, interest in life, passion for work, self-confidence, desire for self-realization, enjoyment of the present; sense of old – by the anxiety, vulnerability, depression, stigmatization, preservation of the usual, dissatisfaction with the present, denial and fear of the future. Invariant markers of psychological security of the person for the sense of youth are marked by the inner freedom and optimism, for the sense of old – depression of the subject. On the empirical material the existence of the relation between the psychological security of the individual and the experience of the sense of youth has been proved.

Keywords:

subjective time, psychological security, sense of youth, sense of old, period of life.

P. 84-97 

 

 

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EMOTIONAL AND EVALUATIVE FEATURES OF THE PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL OBJECTS ACCORDING TO THE “NONEXISTENT ANIMAL” AND THE SEMANTIC DIFFERENTIAL TESTS

Khekalo Tatyana V.

Abstract.

A new test is proposed on the basis of the famous drawing test “nonexistent animal”. The scheme of the new test is direct test – reverse test. To prove that the image is a stimulus (physical and chemical object), not a projection (self-portrait), it is proposed to determine the gender of the animal depicted. The paper gives a brief overview of two alternative points of view on the picture: projection and prosopopeia. The data on the nature, origin and meaning of the category of gender in a human language and thinking are also given. The evidence of good validity
of the new test is given. The results of the nonexistent animal test are compared with the semantic differential test. It has turned out that the nonexistent animal test characterizes the gender of the figure, while the semantic differential test characterizes the gender of the grammatical form of the word – stimulus. It is proved that in this test, artists-informants depict not their self-portrait (projection), but a “portrait” of an incentive (prosopopeia). The results of the two reverse tests correspond well with each other. The experimental data will be used for the study of the emotional attitude of students to physical and chemical objects (jelly, crystal-dendrite, Liesegang rings, fractal).

Keywords:

A direct test “Nonexistent animal”, the reverse tests, physico-chemical objects, jelly, crystal-dendrite, Liesegang rings, fractal, prosopopoeia (impersonation), gender as a language category, gender of the animal pattern, the semantic differential test.

P. 98-116 

 

PSYCHOLOGY OF LABOR, ENGINEERING PSYCHOLOGY, ERGONOMICS
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APPROACHES TO RESEARCHING PSYCHOLOGICAL COMPETENCE OF THE HEAD OF A MEDICAL INSTITUTION

Katahova Svetlana S., Semchuk Irina V.

Abstract.

This article discusses the idea of studying the psychological competence of the head of a medical institution as an integral system of personal education which includes psychological expertise, knowledge and skills, as well as individual and personal qualities that allow one not only to effectively manage their internal state, behavior and activities, but also to carry out planning and management, psychological impact on the behavior and activities of other people, constructively solve problems of the personal, professional and social character at a qualitatively high level. 

Keywords:

research, psychological competence, head of a medical institution, individual and personal qualities, purposefulness, efficiency, responsibility.

P. 117-127

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 
MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

 

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EDUCATION OF THE XXI CENTURY: GOODBYE HUMANISM, HELLO TECHNOLOGY?

Deryuga Vardan E.

Abstract.

The article deals with the phenomenon of education from the point of view of two paradigmatic approaches: the traditional (technological) and the humanistic ones. The essence of technologization of the educational process is revealed and the pedagogical problems connected with this are substantiated.

Keywords:

humanism, education, paradigm, technologism, spirituality, values, cultural tradition.

P. 128-135

 

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PROBLEMATIC ISSUES OF PROJECT ACTIVITIES IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS

Polevoy Sergey A., Chalova Anastasiya V.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the actual problem of implementation of project management in the practice of universities. It provides an analysis of the current state of discussion of the problems of implementation of project management techniques in the practice of universities of the Russian Federation; it also identifies the problematic issues that prevent this. The analysis of the content of factors hindering the implementation of project management in the University is given. Proposals how to solve these problems have been developed. It is revealed that the problems are both objective and subjective. The solution of the first ones lies in the development of normative documents, practices, etc. The solution to the second group of problems can be implemented by the wide promotion of the ideology of project management among the University personnel, their training in the basics of project management.

Keywords:

project management implementation, higher educational institution, project management certification, University strategic goals, project management.

P. 136-143

 

THEORY OF EDUCATION
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REQUIREMENTS TO ETHICS OF EXPERTISE IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE NATIONAL EDUCATION AND PEDAGOGY

Shurilova Tatyana B., Bezborodova Ekaterina V.

Abstract.

This article presents the results of the analysis of the phenomenon of «expertise in education» in the context of the specifics of modern pedagogical science and practice of education. Basing on the results of this analysis, the authors offer arguments for the special need to comply with the principles and norms of ethics in the process of examination of pedagogical processes, objects and phenomena in the conditions of modern education and trends in the development of pedagogy. Special role of the requirements to comply with the principles and norms of ethics in the framework of the phenomenon of the social and professional expertise is proved. 

Keywords:

pedagogical science, pedagogical paradigm, norms and rules of ethics of expertise in education, social and professional expertise, expert of the social and professional expertise. 

P. 144-156

 

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

  

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JOENS JACOB BERZELIUS: THE SWEDISH LOMONOSOV (A COURSE OF LIFE OF THE SCIENTIST IN THE CONTEXT OF “PEDAGOGICS OF THE PERSONALITY”)

Bagashvili Inna R.

Abstact.

The given article studies the life journey of the outstanding Swedish chemist J. Berzelius in the context of “pedagogics of personality”. The research is concerned with those aspects of Berzelius’s biography which are especially important for the educational process at the high comprehensive and higher school. The author of the article considers in detail such aspects as the role of studying great scientists’ biographies in the educational process of the high and higher school, as well as the influence of the potential of the great personality on the increase of the students’ educational level. In particular, it is specified that the events which took place in the scientist’s life, the tops which he reached by means of his mind and talent, have to motivate students to succeed in their educational activity.  The research methodology is the pedagogy of personality – the direction created in the European pedagogical science at the end of the XIX century. This direction is based on training of children and young people in rational brainwork, ability to conduct a conversation, to retell and analyze the text they read. Pupils ought to overcome their indecisiveness, internal dissatisfaction and become active, outstanding personalities. The novelty of the research is that the biography of the great Swedish chemist Jens Jacob Berzelius is for the first time analyzed in the context of pedagogy of personality and influence of the main aspects of “the Swedish Lomonosov’s” life and creativity on increase of the high comprehensive and higher school students’ educational potential. It is emphasized that the name of Jens Jacob Berzelius’s is not less significant for the Russian educational tradition, than the glorified name of M. Lomonosov’s. Respectively, the conclusion was drawn that it is important to school students and students to know Jens Jacob Berzelius’s biography and the history of the discoveries made by him. 

Keywords: 

pedagogics of personality, high and higher school, educational potential, biography of the scientist, Berzelius, chemical elements.

P. 157-165

 

 

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LEADER OF EDUCATION IN THE SPHERE OF CULTURE (ON THE 100th ANNIVERSARY OF ST. PETERSBURG STATE INSTITUTE OF CULTURE AND ARTS)

Serebrjannikova Tatiana O., Stegaeva Maria V.

Abstact.

St. Petersburg State Institute of Culture and Arts, founded in 1918 as Petrograd Institute of Out-of-school Education, is one of the oldest Russian universities in the field of culture and arts. The purpose of its creation was to provide training for specialists capable of breeding a generation of educated people dedicated to the education and culture of their country. During its long history, the university has formed its own educational, scientific and cultural environment. Within the  framework of the events dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the university, St. Petersburg State Institute of Culture and Arts together with the Presidential Library initiated a project to create a digital collection on the history of the Institute. The collection includes more than 1.3 thousand units, reflecting the history of the formation and development of the institute, the main activities, unique scientific schools, as well as the main publications of the Institute. Special attention in the collection is paid to prominent figures in the field of culture and arts – the university managers, professors and alumni.

Keywords: 

St. Petersburg State Institute of Culture and Arts, SPbGIK, cultural environment, educational environment, scientific environment, Presidential Library, digital collections.

P. 166-171

 

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION
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HERMENEUTIC APPROACH IN THE PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF PRESCHOOL TEACHERS

Bykovskaya Tamara E.

Abstact.

The article deals with the problem of applying hermeneutic approach in the training of future educators for their professional activity, it presents the criteria and indicators of the levels of understanding of the child, and reveals the methods of verification of the reliability of knowledge about a preschool childin future educators in practical  classes in the disciplines of the psychological and pedagogical cycle.

Keywords:  

hermeneutic approach, understanding educator, standards of understanding of the child, the principle of naturalness, pedagogical situations, independence and initiative. 

P. 172-177

 

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ECOLOGICAL EDUCATION OF CHILDREN OF SENIOR PRESCHOOL AGE – A TOPICAL ISSUE OF THE MODERN PEDAGOGICAL SCIENCE

Tretyakov Andrei L.

Abstract.

In this article, the researcher draws the attention of theorists’ and practitioners’ in the field of preschool education to the problem of environmental education of children of senior preschool age. The historical milestones of the phenomenon of the environmental education are revealed. The mission of the preschool education in the construction of an innovative economy is indicated. The national regulatory legal documents aimed at forming the environmental education of preschool children are described. The «Foundations of the State policy in the field of environmental development of the Russian Federation for the period until 2030» in terms of the environmental education of the younger generation are briefly described. The analysis of the Federal state educational standard of preschool education on the subject of environmental education and environmental activities in pre-school organizations is provided. The author highlights the direction of the environmental education of children of senior preschool age in digital realities. 

Keywords:

environmental education, children of senior preschool age, pedagogical science, conditions, regulatory legal documents.

P. 178-186

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION
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DESIGN OF SUPPLEMENTARY TRAINING PROGRAMS IN DIGITAL LITERACY

Osipova Olga P., Danilova Tatyana N.

Abstract.

The article covers the issues connected with design of the supplementary training programs focused on forming and developing the professional competences of educators in the sphere of digital literacy. The process of forming educators’ digital literacy is considered in the social, ideological, organizational and technological aspects. An attempt of algorithmization of supplementary training programs design in the context of digital economy is made.

Keywords:

digital literacy, educational programs design, supplementary training program, educational program, education digitalization, supplementary professional education. 

P. 187-201

 

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THE MODEL OF LEARNING QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN AN ADAPTIVE NETWORK
EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

Boyarinov Dmitry A.

Abstract.

The problem of managing the quality of education in an adaptive networked educational environment is dealt with in the article. The key elements of the author’s model of learning quality management in an adaptive networked educational environment are outlined in the article. The modern views on the conceptual apparatus associated with the management of the quality of education are analyzed. The objectives and quality management tools are considered in the article. A system of principles of quality management is being built. Six levels of quality (quality of design, quality of resources and information and methodological support, quality of implementation, quality of impact on students, quality of integration (quality of socialization) of students, quality of reflection of the needs of society) are considered in the article. For each level of quality, the corresponding quality criteria are determined. A complex of seven key parameters of the system evaluated as a conceptual basis for quality assessment methods is proposed. Key parameters include: the parameter of finale result; the parameter of design; the parameter of feedback; the parameter of normalization; the parameter of management; the parameter of synergy; the parameter of optimization. A quality assessment system is considered, which includes six levels of expression of the corresponding quality parameters (“absent”, “not adequate”, “partially adequate”, “medium”, “fairly well”, “completely adequate”).

Keywords: 

adaptive networked educational environment, quality of education, quality management, quality management model, the principles of quality management, quality criteria, levels of quality.

P. 202-211

 

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CONTENT OF TEACHING BUSINESS FOREIGN LANGUAGES TO NON-ECONOMIC MASTER STUDENTS

Tsvetkova Svetlana E., Mineeva Olga A.

Abstract.

Opportunities to participate in international educational projects, the expansion of international business contacts have caused the growth of the importance of mastering business foreign language for the future Master of Education. The article discusses the goals and objectives of teaching a business foreign language to students in non-economic Master’s programs. The features of the content of education are substantiated,  namely, the input foreign language information and educational technologies that determine shaping of intercultural communicative competence of Master students in the field of professional and business communication.

Keywords: 

business foreign language, foreign language input information, educational technology, goals, objectives, learning content.

P. 212-222

 

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HEURISTIC CONVERSATION WHILE STUDYING THE ADVANCED MATHEMATICS WITHIN THE COMPETENCY BUILDING APPROACH

Solovyeva Svetlana A.

Abstract.

The aim of the Higher School in this day is not only to give knowledge to students, but also to form competency in them. One of the development methods of super-subject competencies is a heuristic conversation. The possibility of forming by means of mathematics the skills of effective goal-setting, searching the ways of achieving goals, developing the operational thinking, communication skills is reflected in the article on the basis on the personal experience. The conclusions are illustrated by the examples of these competencies development during the study of one section. Further research is possible in the direction of analysis of heuristic conversation appliance to form other supersubject competencies, as well as to study the interconnections of heuristic conversation with  other innovative methods of learning with the aim of improving their effectiveness. 

Keywords:

competencies, heuristic conversation, Mathematics, integration, goal setting, organization of activity, system thinking, intellect map. 

P. 223-231

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DEVELOPMENT OF NONLINEAR THINKING OF FUTURE FASHION DESIGNERS USING THE METHOD OF STYLIZATION OF FOLK COSTUME STRUCTURES

Eremina Natalia A.

Abstract. 

The article deals with the problem of application of the method of nonlinear thinking to form modern skills of design culture in future fashion designers. The development of the project process is best realized on the examples of studying the structure of the national costume. The method of searching for a rational design solution by holographic combination method is revealed on practical examples of costume modeling with the help of structural clichés or patterns of the folk dress complex. The logic and simplicity of the structural and compositional structure of the folk costume makes it possible to comprehend the principle of combining structural units in search of a rational solution to the design problem. The article provides practical examples of the development of tasks for the development of design principles on the basis of structural analysis of the structure of the national costume. 

Keywords:

innovative specialist, nonlinear thinking, holographic combination, engineering design, structure of a folk costume, patterns, professional competence.

P. 232-245

  

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THE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES DEVELOPMENT IN THE SPHERE OF ADDITIONAL EDUCATION OF ADULTS AND CHILDREN

Vasilieva Lydia L.

Abstract. 

The aim of the given research is to ground the necessity of the integration of the advanced digital technologies into the Russian educational environment along with the sphere of additional education. General scientific and empiric methods of research are applied. The author comes to the conclusion of the digitalization in education having its great opportunities due to its being an alternative form of the learning process organization whose flexibility and up-to-date methods of data processing and submission draw greater public. 

Keywords:

additional education, digitalization, online learning, educational process, online platforms, digital systems.

P. 246-250

  

Wednesday, 17 July 2019 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2019 №3

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 3-2019

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00 

 

ONTOLOGY AND EPISTEMOLOGY

 

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THE EXPERIENCE OF SOCIAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL EXPLANATION OF THE PROBLEM OF «FAKES» AND «FILTER BUBBLES» ON THE WEB

Gurov Philip N.

Abstract. 

This article discusses the problems of formation of information bubbles of filters and the latest technologies of mind control in the dynamically changing realities of the information society. The specificity of the virtual network subject of activity is analyzed. A general principle of verifying an online information message is proposed, and practical ways of recognizing unreliable information (fakes) on the Web are described. Such key characteristics of digital reality as “streaming” and “amplification”, “personalization” and “thematization” are revealed. Informatization is considered as a source of sociocultural changes.

Keywords:

informatization, information and communication technologies (ICT), virtual anonymous networking subject (VANS), “filter bubble”, “fake”.

P. 9-20

      

HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY
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E. ILYENKOV’S PROBLEM OF IDEAL AND A NEW IMAGE OF CONSCIOUSNESS

Schastlivtsev Roman A.

Abstract.

The article presents a new interpretation of E. V. Ilyenkov’s concept of ideal. It is shown that Ilyenkov’s understanding of the ideal allows its interpretation in the spirit of modern medial concepts. In this regard, the ideal can be understood as culture in general. The evolutionary approach to this problem allows us to find the rudiments of the ideal in nature. A broad view on the problem of the ideal through the prism of mediality makes it possible to use the dialectic of the direct-indirect. The latter helps to present the ideal as a system of mediations of the material primarily in the human culture. Thus, the ideal appears as formulated, acquired a material form of activity, history and culture indefinite internal mental process, the beginning of which lies also in the activity, history, culture. Action, image, text can be regarded as an external form, inseparable from the internal ideal form.

Keywords:

Ilyenkov, ideal, mediality, mediated, activity, institutionalized environment, suspension.

P. 21-26

 

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00
General psychology, personality psychology, history of psychology 
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PERCEPTIVE ABILITIES OF VIRTUAL SPACE RESIDENTS ON THE EXAMPLE OF PHENOMENA IN ACTION

Sapogova Elena E.

Abstract.

This article is devoted to the study of the influence of the specific conditions of the virtual space on perceptual abilities within the framework of perception of phenomena in the action of cyberspace residents aged 18–22 years. The residents of cyberspace were divided into an experimental group and a control one as they stay daily and systematically in the virtual space. The experimental group consisted of cyber-active residents with the experience of more than 7 years, and the control group – less cyber-active residents with the experience from 3 to 8 years. Animal figures representing various movements of people were used as the experimental material. The stimulus material allows the subjects to determine the amount of the amount of correctly and erroneously perceived actions, and the amount of the quantity of correctly and erroneously perceived phenomena. Significant differences were  obtained between cyber-active and less cyberactive residents of the virtual space in terms of the number of erroneously perceived actions. 

Keywords:

perception of phenomena in action, perceptual productivity, cyberspace, Internet resources, hypertext, sign, virtual reality, cyberspace residents.

P. 27-34 

 

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
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PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL DIAGNOSTICS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN IN THE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF THE NATIONAL SCHOOL

Kurilkina Valentina N., Vinokurova Ekaterina Spiridonovna

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the acute issue of psychological and pedagogical support of the educational process in the national school. In the context of globalization, the problem of the ethnic and national identity of children and young people is important. There is a close interaction and interpenetration of cultures, the mutual influence of ethnic groups. In some national republics there is a threat of language extinction. Under these conditions, it is of great interest to study the development of the personality of a child studying in the national school. The aim of the study is to determine the psychological and pedagogical methods to diagnose the student’s personal development in the environment of the national school. The article discusses the main directions and principles of the organization of educational activities of the national school (using the example of a primary school-laboratory at NEFU), the potentials of psychological and pedagogical support for children at school, methods of psychological and pedagogical diagnosis of primary school children. The article presents the principles of the organization of the educational process in the national school, defined by V. E. Stepanova.The  results of the study show that there is a need to develop a complex of medical, psychological and pedagogical support for students of the national school that satisfies the principles of humanism, spiritual and intellectual self-development.

Keywords:

conception, national school, ethnopedagogy, spiritual development, selfawareness, self-development, ethnic identity, psychological and pedagogical diagnostics, psychological testing, personal growth, primary school.

P. 35-42

 

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EMOTIONAL BURNOUT OF TEACHERS WITH DIFFERENT TYPES OF ECONOMIC SELF-DETERMINATION

Safukova Nadezda N.

Abstract.

The article deals with the issue of correlation between the teachers’ emotional burnout and different types of economic selfdetermination, as well as satisfaction with their professional choice and its results and the attitude to the economic circumstances of their lives, to material benefits and their sources. As a result of the comparative and correlation analysis it has been revealed that there is a relationship between the level of manifestation of the emotional burnout syndrome in teachers and the types of the economic selfdetermination.

Keywords:

emotional (professional) burnout, economic self-determination, teachers.

P. 43-50

  

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 
MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

 

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THE USE OF THE “ANTI-PLAGIARISM” SYSTEM IN UNIVERSITY

Khovanskaya Tatyana V., Sandirova Marina N.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to an acute issue of use of the “Anti-plagiarism” system in university. The authors analyze the state of this issue both abroad and in Russia, as well as regulations that guide the need and procedure for using this system of borrowings detection. Characteristic features, capabilities and modules of the “Anti-plagiarism” system as well as types of borrowing are identified and described. Special attention is paid to the need for a differentiated approach to the assessment of the originality of scientific works.

Keywords:

“Anti-plagiarism” system, types of borrowing, self-citation, analysis of the content, originality of scientific works.

P. 51-58

 

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DEVELOPING NECESSARY COMPETENCES WITH STUDENTS – FUTURE DIGITAL SOCIETY EMPLOYEES

Shornikova Natalia Y.

Abstract.

At this stage in daily occurrence there is a digitalization of many aspects of our life. New digital thinking is formed, workis transformed. Students gain and create knowledge in the digital environment. There is question: what competences have to be created  during training in a higher education institution to become a relevant and competitive worker? Having analyzed opinions of scientists on what skills (competences) are necessary for workers in the digital society, there is obvious a need to correct competences which have to be developed with students according to the Federal State Educational Standard of Higher Education taking into account the occupational standards. The author offers formulations of universal competences. 

Keywords:

competences, universal competences, digital skills, digitalization, digital society.

P. 59-64

 

THEORY OF EDUCATION
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THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF AESTHETIC EDUCATION OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN

Komarova Tamara S., Moskvina Anna S.

Abstract.

In this article, the authors examine the theoretical and methodological foundations of the aesthetic education of children of preschool age in modern conditions. The analysis of the phenomenon of aesthetic education is presented. The essential features of a children’s drawing as a psychological and pedagogical phenomenon are revealed. The problematics of the possibilities of each child are updated. The mission and tasks of the visual activity in the pedagogical process of the pre-school educational organization are highlighted. Organizational and pedagogical conditions affecting the full aesthetic education of a child in the pre-school educational organization in the digital world are described. 

Keywords:

aesthetic education, a preschool child, theoretical and methodological foundations, conditions, phenomenon, a children’s drawing, graphic activity.

P. 65-71

 

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MODELING THE CONTINUOUS MILITARY VOCATIONAL EDUCATION ENVIRONMENT: METHODOLOGY AND PRACTICE

Golub Vladimir V.

Abstract.

The article features the problems of modeling the military professional education environment on the basis of general scientific approaches and principles, taking into account the special scientific and historical and methodological features of its development. The aim of the author is to highlight certain aspects of the developed and implemented methodology for modeling the environment of military vocational education during the reformation period, ensuring an increase in the professional and personal readiness of a military specialist and motivation in constant self-development.

Keywords:

pedagogical modeling, pedagogical validity, spatial approach, innovative project, educational environment, methodology, systemintegrative approach.

P. 66-82 

  

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION
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THE DEVELOPMENT OF CREATIVE ABILITIES IN PRESCHOOL AND PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN: THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL GROUNDS

Boyko Irina N.

Abstact.

In this article, the author reveals he agenda of developing creative abilities in children of preschool and primary school age from the standpoint of theoretical and methodological foundations. Creative abilities as a phenomenon of psychological and pedagogical science are covered. The analysis of the theory of the issue is given, the statements of teachers and psychologists on this issue are revealed. The approaches to understanding the category of abilities are highlighted. The factors of forming any kind of abilities in a person are described. The aspects of the development of creative abilities are considered. Criteria for creativity are defined. The levels of development of creative abilities in children of preschool and primary school age are characterized. 

Keywords:  

creative abilities, children of preschool and primary school age, analysis, theory, methods, criteria, creativity, innovation in psychological and pedagogical science and practice.

P. 83-90

 

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THE RESEARCH INTO REPRESENTATION OF FAMILY VALUES BY PRESCHOOL EDUCATORS

Gorbunova Olesya F., Sultanbaeva Klavdia I.

Abstract.

The article presents the results of an empirical research which contains the information about the value-oriented trends of teachers’ of Khakass preschool institutions of today. The analyses of the results promoted the conclusion that there are qualitative changes in the preschool educators’ perception of family values.

Keywords:

value, family values, preschool educator, family values representation.

P. 91-98

 

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FORMING PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE OF INTENDED PRESCHOOL TEACHERS

Bykovskaya Tamara E.

Abstract.

The article deals with the problem of training intended teachers of preschool institutions, aimed at the forming their professional competence. The main characteristics and pedagogical conditions contributing to its forming are presented; the stages, tasks and technologies of formation are revealed.

Keywords:

professional competence, agency, autonomy, reflection, achievement motivation, professional self-awareness, simulation modeling of practice-oriented professional activities.

P. 99-105

 

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SPORT IN A UNIVERSITY AS AN OPEN PHYSICAL-EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT FOR PREPARING A CREATIVE PE TEACHER

Nikiforov Yuriy B., Grishin Yuriy Yu.

Abstract.

The article covers issues related to sport and its recreational work in universities as a single concept. The analysis of development of student sports in Russia allows us to state that its formation went through several stages. The modern stage is characterized by the emergence of new tasks set for the physical education in higher education institution. These  tasks are aimed not only at the development of students’ physical abilities, but also their inspirations for physical training and sport, shaping the values of healthy way of life, where the physical activity is a necessary condition. 

Keywords:

physical training and sport, weightlifting, educational environment, professional activity, youth.

P. 106-112

 

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AKTIVATING FOREIGN STUDENTS’ EDUCATIONAL-COGNITIVE ACTIVITY AT THE INITIAL STAGE OF TRAINING AT A MEDICAL UNIVERSITY: EXPERIENCE AND THE MEANS OF REALIZATION

Oleshko Tamara V., Sayamova Valentina I., Dorofeev Vadim A.

Abstract. 

Some questions of foreign students’ educational cognitive activity at the preuniversity stage of training at the medical university and the means of its activation are discussed in the article: cognitive interest forming, studying motivation and students’ active position in the training process, students’ self-regulation of this activity, intention to create, mutual enrichment of a teacher and a student’s effective activity, creation of a trusting relationship between them, a teacher’s pedagogical skill among them.  As we think the results of the pedagogical  bservations contribute to well-known patterns of the learning process, help to form a foreign student’s personality as an intended doctor, and relate to the educational tasks in the medical university.

Keywords:

educational-cognitive activity, motivation, activation, foreign students, preuniversity stage of training, speech activity,cognitive interest. 

P. 113-123

 

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NATIONAL CULTURE AS A HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS EDUCATION CONDITION
(A CASE STUDY OF THE SAKHA REPUBLIC (YAKUTIA))

Popova Marfa N.

Abstract.

The article reveals the issue of forming the national identity in high school students. The idea that the national identity formation is impossible without the use of the pedagogical capabilities of the national culture is substantiated. National culture has always been and still remains an intellectual resource, the focus of unique cultural processes, the spiritual and moral core and the source of people’s livelihood. The basic culture of the Sakha people is education in the course of joint educational, cognitive and labor activities of children and adults. During this joint activity, everyone performs the role assigned to them. The essence of the child-adult educational community “parents – teachers – children” is close to the folk traditions of upbringing. The article also discusses the traditions and customs of the Yakut people and their use in raising the younger generation and summarizes the practical experience of the schools of Yakutia. 

Keywords:

national culture, Yakut traditions, customs, school, high school students, parents, teachers, interaction.

P. 124-130

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION
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USING THE TECHNOLOGY OF DYNAMIC COMPUTER TESTING IN MANAGING THE QUALITY OF STUDENTS’ PROGRAMMING TRAINING

Kuzmin Dmitry N., Bortnovsky Sergey V., Kosmynina Irina N.

Abstract.

The article proposes the solutio to the problem of managing the quality of students’ programming training. We propose to use a dynamic computer testing technology to solve this problem. The article presents some features of this technology. It also describes the structural-functional model of the training and diagnostic system as well as the process of interaction of student with the system. In addition, the article presents the conclusions on the perspective of the using this technology in managing the quality of students’ programming training. 

Keywords:

dynamic computer testing, managing the training quality, control of the learning outcomes, programming, informatics and ICT.

P. 131-138

 

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CREATIVE THINKING DEVELOPMENT BY MEANS OF NON-TRIVIAL TASKS

Shimelfenig Oleg V.

Abstract.

The paper states that traditional methods and the latest technology always work on the development of the same abilities: to think, to analyze, to find creative solutions, to take responsibility, to quickly navigate the changing circumstances. There have been considered simple tasks from different areas of knowledge, which, however, provide an opportunity to develop the skills of selfobservation, analytical thinking, to build an adequate pattern of events in general and they also teach the methodological technique of reducing the problem to such a “marginal” form when its solution becomes obvious. 

Keywords: 

tradition, innovation, skills, tasks, analytical thinking, methodology. 

P. 138-146

 

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ON THE EDUCATIONAL ROUTES CHOICES FOR THE APPLICANTS TO TECHNICAL AND SCIENTIFIC COLLEGES

Badaev Yuri L.

Abstract.

In connection with the reform of the education system in Russia and the introduction of the Unified State Exam as the only form of examination for admission to a university, school-leavers often face an issue of choosing an alternative educational route in order to get admitted to a college of further education with further application to a college of higher education escaping the exam procedure. This article describes the features of these routes.

Keywords: 

educational route, College, University, education.  

P. 147-152

 

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DEVELOPMENT OF PRACTICAL TASKS WHILE TEACHING MATHEMATICS TO STUDENTS OF THE SOCIO-HUMANITARIAN PROFILES

Kislyakova Maria А., Polichka Anatoly E.

Abstract.

The article presents the author’s approach to the formation of professional competence with students of sociohumanitarian profiles to apply the methods of mathematics to professional activities through the developed system of practical tasks. There have been drawn the examples of practical tasks for the students of socio-humanitarian profiles – “Advertising and Public Relations”,“Teacher Education”, “Psychology”, “Social  Work”. 

Keywords:

profession-oriented tasks, methods of teaching mathematics, practical tasks, students of socio-humanitarian profiles. 

P. 153-161

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TEACHING ASPECTS OF A FOREIGN LANGUAGE ONLINE

Ignatenko Irina I.

Abstract. 

The author examines the reasons for the growing popularity of online learning: price and territorial accessibility, saving time, the possibility of a flexible approach to individual needs, the modern image. The article shows ways to overcome the pedagogical and technical difficulties with new online teachers. The author reveals some features of the methodological techniques and technical resources of various aspects of the online language learning: reading, listening, speaking and writing. Examples of the use of innovative technical resources for independent learning of creative writing are given. The role of feedback and the features of error correction in an online lesson are shown.  

Keywords:

online language learning, learning platform, interactive whiteboard, shared screen, language aspects. 

P. 162-168

  

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FORMING PRESENTATION SKILLS IN FOREIGN PHILOLOGY STUDENTS
WITH THE USE OF MODERN MULTIMEDIA MEANS

Georgiadi Alexandra A., Georgiadi Alexander K.

Abstract. 

The paper analyses the experience of the formation of presentation skills in foreign philology students with the use of modern multimedia technology. The authors clarify the essence of the concept of an intended foreign language teacher’s presentation skills in the context of modern pedagogical research  and discuss the potential of using such multimedia means as programs for creating slide presentations, video presentations and augmented reality in teaching foreign languages. 

Keywords:

philology students, intended foreign language teacher, presentation, presentation skills, multimedia means, Power Point, video clip, augmented reality. 

P. 169-176 

  

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PROJECT-BASED LEARNING WITH THE TIPS ELEMENTS AS A TRIGGER
OF THE STUDENTS' EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY

Sakulina Julia V., Nikulina Tatiana V.

Abstract. 

In the article various learning technologies of optimizing the teaching and learning process with the TIPS methods application are considered. The lessons covering gnostic and research tasks promote acquisition of knowledge and development of necessary competencies of students’. TIPS is a unique method of activating the students’ work and it allows to individualize the training process. The authors draw an example of the modification of the information search system on the Internet with the use of the TIPS elements. This technology allows students to develop the necessary professional competency.

Keywords:

training, Theory of Inventive Problem Solving, learning technology, self-education, competencies.

P. 177-183

 

 

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REALIZATION OF THE EDUCATIONAL FUNCTION OF THE EMOTIONALLY-VALUABLE COMPONENT OF THE CONTENT OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE EDUCATION IN KIROV LYCEUM OF ECONOMICS AND LAW

Tatarinova Maya N., Volkova Εlena M.

Abstract. 

The purpose of this article is to describe the experience of implementing the educational function of the emotionally-valuable component of the content of foreign language education in Kirov lyceum of economics and law. The relevance of the study is related to the need to emphasize the personal and emotional components of students’ perception of a different lingo-culture and to the importance of  comparing this experience with their knowledge and feelings. However, the implementation of the experience of students’ emotionallyvaluable relations in the design and realization of the content of foreign language education still occurs randomly and intuitively. The object of our study in this article is the emotionallyvaluable component of the content of foreign language education. The subject is the educational function of this component. Its successful fulfilment is linked with the change and enlargement of students’ values, motives, relationships, personal positions. The final goal is to meet the needs of personal growth and development of students as subjects of the dialogue of cultures. 

Keywords:

the emotionally-valuable component of the content of foreign language education, the educational function, development of the experience of students’ emotionally-valuable relations, the approaches, principles and regulations of the educational function realization.

P. 184-195

 

YOUNG SCIENTISTS’ VISION
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THE THEORETICAL BASIS OF THE EUROPEAN PRACTICE OF TEACHERS’ TEAM BUILDING IN NON-FORMAL EDUCATION

Frolova Daria I.

Abstract.

The article deals with the issue of introducing non-formal teaching methods in the European formal education system. At the moment, at the European level, there is a growing tendency to assess non-formal and formal education, and great attention is paid to the introduction of non-formal working methods in the traditional educational ways. The issues of traditional classes and of preventing early school leaving are covered. The article provides definitions that characterize formal and nonformal education and training.

Keywords:

team building of teachers, nonformal education, traditional education, alternative education, formal education.

P. 196-199 

 

Wednesday, 22 May 2019 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2019 №2

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 2-2019

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00 

 

History of Philosophy

 

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THE AESTHETICS OF AKMEISM: THE ISSUE OF NATURE OF THE ART IMAGE

Zanegina Anastasiya A..

Abstract. 

The article is devoted to the analysis of the category of the image in eidolology – an akmeistic image-making sphere. This text proves that eidolology is the basis of the aesthetic system of Akmeism. Eidolology generates in itself specific images – eidolons. These images were the only correct ones, suitable for creating the ideal artistic work by akmeist-poets. Particular attention is paid to the specifics of the eidolon and the nature of their functioning in a poetic text. The article also explores the communicative, aestheticperceptive aspect of poetry in Akmeism. 

Keywords:

Akmeism, symbolism, the philosophy of creativity, the artistic image, eidolology, eidolon.

P. 9-17

      

Philosophy of science and technology
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THEOLOGY AND PEDAGOGY IN THE MODERN UNIVERSITY: THE BASICS OF SYNERGY

Divnogortseva Svetlana Yu.

Abstract.

The author argues in favour of two ways of theological knowledge with the content of modern pedagogical education interaction. The first path is associated with the training of teachers of religious faith and culture. It must be variable-based, take into account the ideological orientation of students and therefor include studying theological courses as a General theoretical preparation and methodologically oriented disciplines in the content of their training. At the same time, the author offers ways of improving pedagogical training of students of theological seminaries and academies, departments of theology, aimed at the future teaching of religious faith and culture. The second way is connected with the study of history and theory of the Orthodox pedagogical culture in a pedagogical university. The Orthodox pedagogical culture has historically dominated in the domestic educational environment for a millennium. It is based on the theological doctrine that includes the Orthodox anthropology. The author gives her own experience of building the content of teacher education in the faith-based University as an example of the implementation of the theology and pedagogy interaction. This experience can be adapted for use in other higher education institutions.

Keywords:

theology, pedagogy, the Orthodox pedagogical culture, pedagogical education.

P. 18-27

 

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00
General psychology, personality psychology, history of psychology 
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EXISTENTIAL-PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF “NOSTALGIA WITHOUT MEMORY” EXPERIENCE

Sapogova Elena E.

Abstract.

The author’s analysis of the experience of “nostalgia without memory” recorded in modern generations of young and adult people is performed in the paradigm of existential psychology. It is described as a phenomenon of the subject’s life world which appears in the context of the changing reality of human existence, characterized by the need to adapt to the increasing difficulty of choosing a development trajectory and overcoming uncertainty/indeterminacy. The relations of the experience of “nostalgia without memory” with the existential expectations of the individual and self-perception are considered. The factors that stimulate the experience of “nostalgia without memory” in the “Me-Me-Me generation” are described: the inclination to prolong the status of a psychological consumer; the long-term parent overprotection; the tendency to avoid taking responsibility for the course and psychological content of one’s own life; the acceptance of the carpe diem strategy, etc.

Keywords:

nostalgia, “nostalgia withoutmemory”, uncertainty/indeterminacy, existential expectations, identity, personality, life world.

P. 28-45

 

 

Educational psychology
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REPRESENTATIONS OF SIGNIFICANT ABSTRACT CONCEPTS IN ADOLESCENCE

Dikova Mariya V., Zhuravleva Inna A.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the study of the features of ideas about abstract concepts in adolescence. The phenomena of “representations” and “abstract concepts”, features of personality development in adolescence are explored. The results of an empirical study of the features of significant abstract concepts in adolescence are presented. The hierarchy of significant abstract concepts in the modern world among young men and girls is formed; the content and essence of the notion of abstract concepts are studied.

Keywords:

abstract concept, representation, personality, adolescence.

P. 46-54

 

Psychology of labor, engineering psychology, ergonomics

 

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COLOR SYMBOLISM AND MARKETING COMMUNICATIONS

Malsagova Madina I.

Abstract.

The article deals with the issues of color symbolism in realizing marketing communications as well as the factors causing comprehension of color space. Visual perception, as the researches suggest, in many respects defines the color: stimulating the photoreceptors it is capable to trigger various psychological spirit. This trait has found a broad application in marketing and in design decisions to draw attention of wide audience. The given research analyzes significant features of the color system of symbolic names, emblems, and adverts of large companies.

Keywords:

color, psychology of color, color theory, color influence, color perception, color scheme, color symbolism, branding, logos, emblems, advertising.

P. 55-60

 

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 
Modernization of education

 

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MEASUREMENT PROCEDURES AND RATING WITHIN THE ALL-RUSSIAN AND REGIONAL SYSTEMS OF EDUCATION QUALITY ASSESSMENT 

Belousov Konstantin Yu.

Abstract.

The article describes the variety of measurement procedures implemented within the framework of the unified system of education quality assessment in Russia. The author raises the issue of perception of evaluation procedures as tools to control the activities of teachers by a number of Saint Petersburg schools’ teachers’. The emphasis is placed on the need to change the pedagogical community’s attitude towards the measurement procedures implemented within the quality assessment system. With regard to the rating, it is proposed to hold a broad public discussion in order to develop common approaches and criteria for the preparation of school ratings both in the country as a whole and in regions in particular.

Keywords:

measuring procedures in education, rating, quality assessment system, schools, teachers.

P. 61-71

 

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PATENT SEARCH IN THE SYSTEM OF HIGHER EDUCATION

Shlekova Inna Yu., Knysh Andrei I., Korchevskaya Yulia V.

Abstract.

The article presents a pedagogical project and the results of its implementation. A plan of practical exercises based on the patent sector of the regional scientific library is proposed. The high efficiency of holding such classes in the course of training of engineers is shown.

Keywords:

patent search, pedagogical design, patent, intellectual property, training of engineers, invention.

P. 72-79 

 

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RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT: WORLD EXPERIENCE

Maltceva Ekaterina Yu.

Abstract.

Modern society in the context of social and economic changes faces a variety of open questions, one of which is humanization of the civic and societal life of the society. The process of humanization is traced through all the spheres of the societal functioning, especially in education. The education sector of the recent years tends to design a comfortable learning environment for all members of the society despite their ethnicity, race and gender, social status or health problems. This tendency brings about a new learning model – inclusive education, which is aimed at the integration of people with health limitations into the process of education. The author of the article examines the issue of inclusive education, period of its development in Russia and abroad, and main principles which form the basis for the inclusive education and which should be observed while teaching people with health limitations. Stages of development of the inclusive education in some foreign countries (European countries, USA and Japan) as well as in Russia have been analyzed. The conducted historical research on the education development shows that the foreign countries have been carrying out this work for a long period and have had successful results of its implementation and realization, while the Russian practice reveals the entry level of realization of the inclusive approach to educating people with health limitations.

Keywords:

inclusive education, principles, disabled people, mainstreaming, humanization.

P. 80-88 

      

Theory of education
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THE IMPACT OF IMMIGRATION PROCESSES ON THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SUBJECTS OF THE EDUCATIONAL SPACE OF THE UNITED STATES: AN ANALYSIS OF MODERN DETERMINANTS 

Danilova Marina V.

Abstract.

The article analyzes the dynamics of migration processes in the United States. The resources of the Institute for Migration Policy (MPI), the American Community Survey (ACS) data were used. The situation is presented in the ethnic, age, educational aspects. We consider the issues of illegal immigration, the facts of the unaccompanied children’s arrival into the country. Attention is focused on educational problems related to the intensity of the load on public schools, overcrowding, and limited English proficiency of immigrant students.

Keywords:

immigration, poverty, limited English proficiency, academic success.

P. 80-96 

 

History of pedagogy and education
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CULTURAL, PEDAGOGIC AND EDUCATIONAL INFLUENCE OF THE RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH ON THE PROCESS OF FORMING THE SYSTEM OF PRIMARY PUBLIC EDUCATION OF THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XIX CENTURY

Konstantinova Natalia D.

Abstract.

This article is based on a brief analysis regarding the role of the Russian Orthodox Church in the primary education of Russia of the second half of the 19th century and the 21st century. The text contains information on the status of the issue of introducing the subject of the “Basics of religious cultures and secular ethics” in the course of 4th grade of primary school, as well as the historical foundations, which in many respects became key to the “Basics of Orthodox Culture” module.

Keywords:

Basics of religious cultures and secular ethics, primary education, Russian Orthodox Church, parochial school, K. P. Pobedonostsev.

P. 97-105

 

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MAIN DIRECTIONS OF DEVELOPMENT OF DOMESTIC EDUCATION AND PEDAGOGY OF THE FIRST HALF OF THE XX CENTURY

Boguslavskiy Mikhail V., etc.

Abstract.

This article reviews the research and interpretation of the national education and the pedagogy development process of the first half of the 20th century. The study showed that in 1920s – 40s, the Soviet Pedagogy developed mostly in the social pedagogical and cognitive directions, while the immigrant pedagogy followed the cultural anthropological path, which later on, gave way to the Christian anthropological, Orthodox pedagogical, and individual humanistic, and cognitive schools. Thus, we can state that despite global social and political disasters of the first half of the 20th century, all the basic schools of the national pedagogy developed continuously throughout 1920s – 40s.

Keywords:

history of Pedagogy, history of education, first half of the 20th century, Soviet school.

P. 106-116

 

 

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AMERICAN UNIVERSITIES AS THE SOURCES OF JOHN DEWEY’S PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND SCIENTIFIC OUTLOOK

Rogacheva Elena Yu.

Abstract.

The paper is devoted to an American scientist, philosopher and educator, John Dewey (1859–1952), who could turn 160 years old in 2019. A special attention is paid to Dewey’s professional and scientific work in Michigan, Chicago and Columbia University.

Keywords:

John Dewey’s professional development, scientific outlook, Michigan University, Chicago and Columbian periods.

P. 117-127

 

New research in education
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INTEGRATION OF UNIVERSITIES AND SCHOOLS AS A CONDITION FOR STRENGTHENING PRACTICE-ORIENTED TRAINING OF A FUTURE SUBJECT TEACHER

Altukhova Svetlana O.

Abstact.

The article discusses the issue of creation and functioning of a specialized department of a pedagogical university, special aspects of its interaction with educational partner institutions, development of the educational process and the involvement of professionals with practical experience in professional activities.

Keywords:

Lipetsk State Pedagogical University named after P. P. Semenov-Tyan Shansky, specialized department, practice-orientation, teaching practice.

P. 128-135

 

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THE CONCEPT OF “ORGANIZATIONAL AND MANAGEREAL TASKS”: THE OPINIONS OF THE AUTHORS OF THE EDUCATIONAL STANDARDS OF PEDAGOGICAL EDUCATION AND SCIENTISTS

Stroykina Lyubov V.

Abstract.

The article deals with the concept of “organizational and managerial tasks of professional activity” in two aspects: from the point of view of the developers of the FSES HE in pedagogical education and from the position of the scientists involved in the problems of pedagogical management. The analysis of scientific statements showed the ambiguity of